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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 102-110, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929186

ABSTRACT

Consecutively hospitalized patients with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China were retrospectively enrolled from January 2020 to March 2020 to investigate the association between the use of renin-angiotensin system inhibitor (RAS-I) and the outcome of this disease. Associations between the use of RAS-I (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)), ACEI, and ARB and in-hospital mortality were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models in overall and subgroup of hypertension status. A total of 2771 patients with COVID-19 were included, with moderate and severe cases accounting for 45.0% and 36.5%, respectively. A total of 195 (7.0%) patients died. RAS-I (hazard ratio (HR)= 0.499, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.325-0.767) and ARB (HR = 0.410, 95% CI 0.240-0.700) use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality among patients with COVID-19. For patients with hypertension, RAS-I and ARB applications were also associated with a reduced risk of mortality with HR of 0.352 (95% CI 0.162-0.764) and 0.279 (95% CI 0.115-0.677), respectively. RAS-I exhibited protective effects on the survival outcome of COVID-19. ARB use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality among patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Renin-Angiotensin System , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 374-385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927717

ABSTRACT

Phenylalaninammo-nialyase (PAL) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of methyl benzoate - a plant aroma compound. In order to understand the function of this enzyme in the formation of fragrance in the scented Rhododendron species-Rhododendron fortunei, we cloned a gene encoding this enzyme and subsequently examined the gene expression patterns and the profile of enzyme activity during development in various tissues. The full length of RhPAL gene was cloned by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) techniques. The expression levels of RhPAL gene were measured by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and the amount of phenylalanine and cinnamic acid were assayed with LC-MS. The results showed that the ORF sequence of RhPAL gene amplified from the cDNA templates of flower buds had 2 145 bp, encoding 715 amino acids, and shared 90% homology to the PAL amino acid sequences from other species. qRT-PCR analysis showed that the expression of RhPAL in petals during flowering kept in rising even until the flowers wilted. The expression of RhPAL in pistil was much higher than that in stamen, while the expression in the younger leaves was higher than in old leaves. However, the expression level was relatively lower in petal and stamen compared to that in leaves. We also measured the PAL activity by Enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay in the petals of flowers at different flowering stages. The results showed that PAL activity reached the highest at the bud stage and then decreased gradually to the lowest when the flowers wilted, which followed a similar trend in the emission of the flower fragrance. The phenylalanine and cinnamic acid contents measured by LC-MS were highly correlated to the expression level of RhPAL in various tissues and at different flowering stages, implying that RhPAL plays an important role in the formation of the flower fragrance. This work may facilitate the breeding and improvement of new fragrant Rhododendron cultivars.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Flowers/genetics , Rhododendron/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether ultrafine particulates (UFPs) have direct deleterious effects on cardiac function through activating MAPK signaling.@*METHODS@#Langendorff-perfused Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=10/each group). In control group, the rat hearts were perfused with Tyrode's buffer for 40 min; in UFPs-treated group, the hearts were perfused with UFPs at a concentration of 12.5 mg/L. Cardiac function was determined by measuring left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), left ventricular peak rate of contraction and relaxation (±dp/dtmax) and coronary flow (CF). The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total anti-oxidant capacity (TAOC) were detected in order to evaluate cardiac oxidative stress via the thiobarbituric acid assay, water soluble tetrazolium salt assay and colorimetry, respectively. The expressions of p-p38 MAPK, p-ERKs and p-JNKs in the myocardium were observed using immunohistochemical staining and Western blots.@*RESULTS@#No significant changes in cardiac function were detected before and after the perfusion in control group while UFPs perfused hearts showed a decline in cardiac function in a time-dependent manner (all P < 0.05). In UFPs-treated group, LVDP, +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax and CF were statistically reduced from (82.6±2.1) mmHg, (1 624±113) mmHg/s, (1 565±116) mmHg/s, (12.0±0.2) mL/min to (56.8±4.4) mmHg, (1 066±177) mmHg/s, (1 082±134) mmHg/s, (8.7±0.3) mL/min (all P < 0.05), respectively. Furthermore, The comparison between the two groups observed that UFPs perfusion caused a significant decrease in cardiac function at 30 and 40 min compared with the control group (all P < 0.05). At the end of the perfusion, the level of MDA was increased from (0.98±0.14) nmol/L to (1.95±0.18) nmol/L, while SOD and TAOC were reduced from (12.50±1.87) U/mL and (6.83±1.16) U/mL to (6.50 ±1.04) U/mL and (3.67±0.82) U/mL (all P < 0.001) in UFPs group, respectively. In coincidence with these changes, immunohistochemistry and Western blots results showed that the levels of p-p38 MAPK, p-ERKs and p-JNKs in the myocardium significantly increased in UFPs group as compared with control group (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The results of this study demonstrated that the short-term exposure of UFPs to the isolated rat hearts has direct and acute toxic effects on cardiac function, probably related to attenuation of anti-oxidative capacity and activation of MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Heart , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Myocardium , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846462

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of polyphyllin I (PPI) on osteoblasts injuries induced by tricalcium phosphate (TCP) wear particles in vitro, and explain its regulation mechanisms. Methods: Primary osteoblasts obtained from the calvaria of neonatal SD rat by the series of digestion were identified with ALP staining. The osteoblasts were treated with TCP wear particles (TCP, 0.1 mg/mL) for 48 h to establish an in vitro injuries model of the calvarial osteoblasts. The experiment was randomly divided into control group, model (TCP, 0.1 mg/mL) group, PPI (30 μg/mL) group and PPI (100 μg/mL) group. CCK-8 and chemical colorimetry were used to examine cell viability and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) content in culture media; Real-time PCR was performed to detect mRNA levels of ALP, Collagen I and RUNX2 in osteoblasts; The flow cytometry was used to examine apoptosis of osteoblasts using Annexin V/PI double staining; When the osteoblasts were treated for 14 d, mineral nodules formation was observed with alizarin S staining; Western blot was applied to examine proteins expression of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved Caspase-3, Atg5, p62, and microtubule associated protein 1 light chain3 (LC-3). Results: Compared with control group, model group showed that the cell viability of osteoblasts, mRNA levels of ALP, Collagen I and RUNX2, and mineral nodules formation were significantly decreased; LDH content, percentage of apoptosis and proteins expression of Bax, cleaved Caspase-3, Atg5, LC-3 and the ratio of LC-3II/LC-3I were obviously increased in calvarial osteoblasts, whereas proteins expression of Bcl-2 and p62 was remarkably decreased. Compared with model group, PPI groups indicated that cell viability of osteoblasts, mRNA levels of ALP, Collagen I and RUNX2, and mineral nodules formation were dramatically increased; LDH content, percentage of apoptosis, protein expressions of Bax, cleaved Caspase-3, Atg5, and LC-3 and the ratio of LC-3II/LC-3I were obviously decreased, but Bcl-2 and p62 expression were obviously increased. Conclusion: PPI alleviates osteoblasts injuries induced by TCP wear particles via inhibition of autophagy.

5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 232-248, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827858

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease and a serious threat to human health. COVID-19 can cause multiple organ dysfunction, such as respiratory and circulatory failure, liver and kidney injury, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and thromboembolism, and even death. The World Health Organization reports that the mortality rate of severe-type COVID-19 is over 50%. Currently, the number of severe cases worldwide has increased rapidly, but the experience in the treatment of infected patients is still limited. Given the lack of specific antiviral drugs, multi-organ function support treatment is important for patients with COVID-19. To improve the cure rate and reduce the mortality of patients with severe- and critical-type COVID-19, this paper summarizes the experience of organ function support in patients with severe- and critical-type COVID-19 in Optical Valley Branch of Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China. This paper systematically summarizes the procedures of functional support therapies for multiple organs and systems, including respiratory, circulatory, renal, hepatic, and hematological systems, among patients with severe- and critical-type COVID-19. This paper provides a clinical reference and a new strategy for the optimal treatment of COVID-19 worldwide.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Humans , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Respiration
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827807

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect and mechanism of psoralen on calvarial osteoblasts injuries caused by tricalcium phosphate (TCP) wear particles in vitro. Primary osteoblasts were obtained from the calvaria of neonatal SD rat by the series of digestion and were identified with ALP staining. Calvarial osteoblasts were treated with TCP wear particles for 48 h to establish the in vitro model of osteoblasts injuries. The rat osteoblasts were randomly divided into control group, TCP wear particles (0.1 mg/ml) group, psoralen treated (at the concentrations of 10, 10, 10 mol/L) groups. WST assay and the flow cytometry were used to detect the cell viability of osteoblasts and apoptosis, respectively. Chemical colorimetry was performed to examine ALP activity of osteobalsts. When the osteoblasts were treated for 14 day, mineral nodules formation was observed with alizarin red S staining. Western blot was applied to examine protein expressions of glucose regulated protein78/94(GRP78/94), inositol dependent enzyme 1 alpha (IREα), spliced X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1s) and phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) in calvarial osteoblasts. Compared with control group, the cell viability of osteoblasts, ALP activity and mineral nodules formation in TCP group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), while the percentage of apoptosis and protein expressions of GRP78/94, IRE1α, XBP1 and p-JNK were obviously increased in calvarial osteoblasts (P<0.05). Compared with TCP group, the injuries of calvarial osteoblasts and cell apoptosis in psoralen treated groups were obviously decreased (P<0.05), and the expression levels of GRP78/94, IRE1α, XBP1 and p-JNK were down-regulated remarkably (P<0.05). Psoralen prevents osteoblasts injuries caused by TCP wear particles through IRE1α-XBP1s-JNK signaling pathway activation.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1511-1515, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the role of clinical pharmacists on the individualized treatment of children with subglottic Talaromyces marneffei infection. METHODS :The clinical pharmacists participated in the medication procedure for a case of subglottic T. marneffei infection child . The clinical pharmacists suggested that Budesonide suspension for inhalation should be stopped,according to the subglottic infection pathogen type (T. marneffei );Itraconazole oral solution should be chosen and taken orally 2.5 mg/kg,q12 h,and indicators as liver function ,blood potassium should be monitored regularly. However ,as Itraconazole oral solution needed to be applied for temporary purchase ,Itraconazole capsules 2.5 mg/kg,q12 h,p.o.,was administrated temporarily ;clinical pharmacists suggested that Itraconazole capsules should be taken after meal ,and the doctor changed the feeding mode of milk from q 4 h to continuous pumping. After purchased ,Itraconazole oral solution was used instead 2.5 mg/kg,q12 h in fasting state ,and according the clinical pharmacist ’s suggestion ,the doctor changed the nursing method to q 4 h milk pumping. After purchasing and using oral solution instead ,clinical pharmacists suggested taking it at fasting state ;according to the monitoring results and target range (0.5-1 mg/L),oral dose of Itraconazole oral solution was finally adjusted to 8.3 mg/kg, q12 h. In view of the diarrhea during the treatment ,clinical pharmacists suggested to continue the original treatment after considering the effectiveness and importance of the treatment ;at the same time ,discharge medication education should be carried out. RESULTS : The doctors adopted the suggestions of the clinical pharmacists. The child got a clinical improvement and was discharged after 48 days. CONCLUSIONS :Clinical pharmacists participate in the treatment of children with T. marneffei infection,timely assist physicians to adjust and improve the medication regimen ,which improve the efficacy and safety of medication for children.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes in metabolic markers and clinical outcome after treatment with different drug regimens in children with bipolar affective disorder.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 220 children with bipolar affective disorder who attended the hospital from January 2017 to January 2020. According to the treatment method, 112 children treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs alone were enrolled as the control group, and 108 children treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs combined with mood stabilizer were enrolled as the study group. The two groups were compared in terms of baseline data, changes in related metabolic markers[fasting insulin (FIN), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)] after treatment, incidence rate of metabolic syndrome, and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the baseline data including age, sex, and course of disease between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Atypical antipsychotic drugs combined with mood stabilizer in the treatment of bipolar disorder in children have little effect on the level of metabolic markers, and the curative effect is significant.


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/blood , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Child , Cholesterol, HDL , Humans , Mood Disorders , Retrospective Studies , Triglycerides
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876217

ABSTRACT

Objective An analysis of informationized multi-platform big data was conducted to learn about the quality change of health management data for hypertension and diabetes patients in Baoshan District of Shanghai since 2017.The result provided important information for further evaluation of the effect of quality control measures, and the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Methods Height, weight, blood glucose level, diagnosis and treatment information were collected from different databases of patients with hypertension and diabetes in Baoshan District from 2017 to 2019, and the consistency of the data from different sources was analyzed. Results Both the percentages of weight and height inconsistency among patients with hypertension and diabetes together were lower in 2019 than in 2017 (10.99% vs 18.72%, χ2=822.38, P < 0.001 and 0.86% vs 2.74%, χ2=347.03, P < 0.001, respectively).In 2019, the percentage of registered hypertensive patients with abnormal traceability from diagnosis was higher than that in 2017 (12.67% vs 11.72%, χ2=4.01, P=0.045).Similar results were also obtained in patients with diabetes.Analysis of glycated hemoglobin value last position in diabetic patients showed that the coefficient of variation of the last position composition ratio of the value in 2019 was significantly lower than that in 2017 (0.19 vs 0.31).The ratio in patients with the last position of glycosylated hemoglobin value of 0 was lower in 2019(4 701 cases, 12.72%) than that in 2017 (9 485 cases, 17.14%), and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion The study result shows an improvement in quality management of hypertension and diabetes in Baoshan District of Shanghai.Information technology should be more widely used in promoting technical standardization, strengthening technical training, data quality control and effect evaluation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873246

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect and mechanism of Portulacae Herba protecting carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury. Method::Sixty Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, silybin group (200 mg·kg-1) and Portulacae Herba high, medium, low (2, 1, 0.5 g·kg-1) dose groups. After continuous intragastric administration for 5 days, mice in each group were intraperitoneally injected with 0.2% CCl4 peanut oil solution to establish acute liver injury model, except normal mice. After 23 hours of modeling, serum and liver tissue were collected. Fully automatic analysis of serum serum liver function indicators in mice. Liver tissues were taken for hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) staining to observe liver pathological changes. RNA Sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to analyze differential genes and functional enrichment, real-time fluorescence quantification PCR(Real-time PCR) was used to verify the mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 family members(CYP)26A1, CYP2C37, CYP2C44, CYP2C50, CYP2C54. Result::Compared with normal group, the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total bilirubin (TBIL), malondialdehyde (MDA) in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the activities of triglyceride (TG) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, Portulaca Herba significantly reduced ALT, AST, TBIL and MDA levels in mice with acute liver injury (P<0.05), significantly increased SOD activity (P<0.01), and decreased the degree of liver tissue damage in mice. Compared with normal group, the mRNA expressions of CYP2C44, CYP2C50 in mice with acute liver injury were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the mRNA expressions of CYP26A1, CYP2C37, CYP2C44, CYP2C50 and CYP2C54 were significantly increased in all dose groups of Portulaca Herba (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Portulacae Herba has significant protective effects on acute liver injury caused by CCl4, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of cytochrome P450 related genes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744167

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and conduct objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) in professional postgraduates in obstetrics and gynecology, and to investigate the improvement measures for the teaching of professional postgraduates in obstetrics and gynecology by analyzing the performance of postgraduates in OSCE. Methods In October 2017, OSCE was performed for postgraduates in obstetrics and gynecology in the classes of 2016 and 2017 to evaluate their clinical ability. This OSCE consisted of the following four aspects: inquiry of standardized patients, basic practical skills in obstetrics and gynecology, utilization and interpretation of auxiliary examinations, and case analysis. The postgraduates were scored according to the following six items: doctor-patient communication skills, completeness of inquiry, basic practical skills in obstetrics and gynecology, utilization of auxiliary examinations, competence of clinical thinking, and mastery of medical knowledge. SPSS 18.0 was used for statistical analysis, and the t-test was used for comparison between groups . Results A total of 27 postgraduates participated in this OSCE . Among the six scoring items, completeness of inquiry had the lowest score (78 ±6), and utilization of auxiliary examinations had the highest score (85±3). Among the 27 postgraduates, 7 (25.9%) lacked doctor-patient communication skills, 6 (22.2%) showed serious problems in basic practical skills in obstetrics and gynecology, and 6 (22.2%) lacked the scientific thinking of clinical diagnosis. Conclusion In the training of professional postgraduate students in obstetrics and gynecology, doctor-patient communication skills and clinical thinking should be emphasized, and basic clinical skill training should be strengthened.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742879

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of thyroid hormone level, blood glucose level, blood lipid level and blood uric acid in patients with hyperthyroidism.Methods Totally 87patients with hyperthyroidism who were treated in our hospital from June 2015to December 2017were selected as the observation group, the other 69healthy people in the same period were selected as the control group.The fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), three glycerol (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), free three triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and blood uric acid level were compared, and the correlation among the above indicators were analyzed.Results The levels of FBG, FT3, FT4and blood uric acid before treatment in the observation group were higher than those of the control group, and the levels of TSH, TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C were lower than those of the control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).After treatment, the levels of FBG, FT3, FT4and blood uric acid were significantly decreased in the observation group, while the levels of TSH, TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C increased significantly, the differences were statistically significant between before and after treatment (P<0.05).The levels of FT3and FT4were positively correlated with blood uric acid and FBG level in hyperthyroidism patients, and negatively correlated with the levels of TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C.The level of TSH was positively correlated with the levels of TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C, and had a negative correlation with the levels of FBG and blood uric acid.Conclusion The thyroid hormone level is closely related to lipid and glucose metabolism and blood uric acid level in hyperthyroidism patients.When the thyroid hormone is corrected, the blood glucose and blood lipid indexes turn to normal.It suggests that the clinical treatment of hyperthyroidism should be taken as the main means to correct the abnormal thyroid hormone.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1381-1391, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803253

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The related literatures on supra acetabular spinal pedicle screws and a subcutaneous connecting rod (INFIX) in recent years was reviewed, and the overall prognosis was analyzed by meta analysis.@*Methods@#literatures were obtained by searching the PubMed, Google Scholar, and Wanfang Full-text Database according to the criteria of inclusion and exclusion. The two members independently screened the qualified literature, evaluated the quality of the literature and extracted the data information. The data information includes demographic and surgical information, main results and secondary results. A large number of data in the selected articles were analyzed and summarized by meta.@*Results@#A total of 20 studies were included, including 567 patients. The clinical results were evaluated by Majeed standard in 6 articles, of which 5 articles described the number of excellent and general prognosis, including 185 patients. The excellent and good prognosis rate was 91% (95%CI: 80%-103%) by meta analysis. The general prognosis rate was 9% (95%CI: 3%-14%). Among the prognostic complications, the incidence of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve damage and heterotopic ossification was higher, and the incidence of other complications was less than 5%. There were 13 articles about the complications of ectopic ossification, of which 1 did not mention the specific number of asymptomatic heterotopic ossification, and the remaining 12 included 424 cases, including 132 cases of ectopic ossification. The incidence of ectopic ossification was 26% (95%CI: 11%-40%). Among the 567 cases, obvious symptoms of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury were reported. The patients with lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury accounted for 25% (95%CI: 17%-32%), and the temporary nerve damage was found in 124 cases. The incidence of temporary agitation after subgroup analysis was 21% (95%CI: 14%-28%). Five articles mentioned the manifestations of postoperative femoral nerve damage, including 10 patients, the incidence of femoral nerve damage was 3% (95%CI: -1%-6%). A total of 18 articles on surgical site-related infections were reported, including 534 patients, of which 15 were infected, with an infection rate of 3% (95%CI: 2%-4%). 19 articles clearly reported the failure of internal fixation after INIFX operation, including 32 patients who needed reoperation for different reasons. The failure of internal fixation was 3% (95%CI: 2%-4%). A total of 585 cases of fracture non-prognosis data were reported, of which 473 cases were cured and 3 cases had bone nonunion. The non-union rate of fracture was 3% (95%CI: 1%-5%).@*Conclusion@#After InFix pelvic surgery, the patient's clinical follow-up prognosis score and imaging findings showed that the postoperative recovery was good, and the new technique also avoided the inconvenience and postoperative complications caused by many traditional pelvic external fixation techniques. However, it was also found that the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve damage and the incidence of heterotopic ossification were also higher.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect and mechanism of modified Buzhong Yiqi Tang and pursed-lips breathing (PLB) on serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-6, IL-1β and serum cystatin C (Cys-C) in patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at the stable stage. Method: Totally 120 cases of COPD treated at Affiliated Hospital of Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from September 2017 to March 2018 conformed to the inclusion criteria, and were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group (60 cases). Cases of control group received Tiotropium (18 μg/time, qd). In addition to the therapy of control group, cases of treatment group were also given Buzhong Yiqi Tang and PLB. Both groups were treated for 6 months. Percent of forced expiratory volume in one second in predicted value (FEV1%), ratio of FEV1 to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), six-minute walk distance (6MWD),TNF-α, IL-8, IL-6, IL-1β and Cys-C were compared between both groups. Result: After treatment, the clinical efficacy rate of observation group was 93.33%, which was evidently higher than 86.67%of control group (Pa,IL-8, IL-6,IL-1β, Cys-C but increases in FEV1%, FEV1/FVC (Pa, IL-8, IL-6, IL-1β, Cys-C but increases in FEV1%, FEV1/FVC (PConclusion: Buzhong Yiqi Tang and PLB has an anti-inflammatory effect on COPD by reducing levels of inflammation cytokines TNF-α, IL-8,IL-6, IL-1β and chronic inflammation markers serum Cys-C and inflammatory reaction, and alleviating airflow obstruction, promoting the levels of FEV1%, FEV1/FVC, pulmonary function control inflammatory factors, so as to improve pulmonary function and the quality of life in patients with COPD.

15.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 113-118, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815701

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To build a model for influenza-like illness(ILI)prediction based on Elman neural network and to provide evidence for early warning of influenza epidemic in Zhejiang Province. @*Methods @#The data of ILI from 11 sentinel hospitals,influenza pathogen detection,meteorological factors and air pollutants in Zhejiang Province from 2013 to 2014 were collected. Time-delay correlation analysis was conducted to select variables for modeling. Based on Elman neural network,data from the 14th week of 2013 to the 44th week of 2014 were used as a training set to establish the model and the data from 45th week to 52nd weeks of 2014 were used as a test set for the model performance. @*Results @#There were ILI reported every week during 2013 and 2014,with a total of 506 391. The percentage of ILI cases per week was(3.07 ± 0.73)%. Ten variables selected by time-delay correlation analysis were the weekly average values of atmospheric pressure(13 weeks in advance),vapor pressure(11 weeks in advance),temperature(9 weeks in advance),SO2(5 weeks in advance),NO2(5 weeks in advance),CO(5 weeks in advance),PM2.5(5 weeks in advance),PM10(5 weeks in advance),air quality index(5 weeks in advance)and positive rate of pathogen(1 weeks in advance). Elman neural network(10-15-1-1)was selected as the optimal model,and the prediction performed well,with 10.58% as the mean error rate and 0.876 7 as the nonlinear correlation coefficient. @*Conclusion @#This study demonstrated that Elman neural network including variables of meteorological factors,air pollutants and the positive rate of pathogen performed well on the short-term prediction of ILI incidence.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737237

ABSTRACT

This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of assisted hatching (AH) performed in couples with advanced maternal age.We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in electronic databases,including MEDLINE,EMBASE and CENTRAL (from inception to January 2018);in addition,we hand-searched the reference lists of included studies and similar reviews.We included RCTs comparing AH versus no treatment (control).The meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3 software.The search retrieved 943 records and 8 RCTs were included,comprising 870 cycles (n=440 for AH,and n=430 for control).There was no significant difference in the rates of live birth (RR 0.88,95% CI 0.65 to 1.18,3 RCTs,n=427,I2=0%),clinical pregnancy (RR 1.00,95% CI 0.83 to 1.19,8 RCTs,n=870,I2=22%),implantation (RR 1.07,95% CI 0.83 to 1.39,4 RCTs,n=1359,I2=0%),miscarriage (RR 1.13,95% CI 0.66 to 1.94,2 RCTs,n=116,I2=0%) and multiple pregnancy (RR 0.89,95% CI 0.31 to 2.52,1 RCT,n=97,I2=not applicable) between the treatment group and control group.No reasonable conclusions could be drawn regarding reproductive outcomes after AH in patients with advanced maternal age due to the small sample pooled in meta-analyses.Studies of high methodological quality and with adequate power are necessary to further investigate the value of AH in assisted conception of those patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735769

ABSTRACT

This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of assisted hatching (AH) performed in couples with advanced maternal age.We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in electronic databases,including MEDLINE,EMBASE and CENTRAL (from inception to January 2018);in addition,we hand-searched the reference lists of included studies and similar reviews.We included RCTs comparing AH versus no treatment (control).The meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3 software.The search retrieved 943 records and 8 RCTs were included,comprising 870 cycles (n=440 for AH,and n=430 for control).There was no significant difference in the rates of live birth (RR 0.88,95% CI 0.65 to 1.18,3 RCTs,n=427,I2=0%),clinical pregnancy (RR 1.00,95% CI 0.83 to 1.19,8 RCTs,n=870,I2=22%),implantation (RR 1.07,95% CI 0.83 to 1.39,4 RCTs,n=1359,I2=0%),miscarriage (RR 1.13,95% CI 0.66 to 1.94,2 RCTs,n=116,I2=0%) and multiple pregnancy (RR 0.89,95% CI 0.31 to 2.52,1 RCT,n=97,I2=not applicable) between the treatment group and control group.No reasonable conclusions could be drawn regarding reproductive outcomes after AH in patients with advanced maternal age due to the small sample pooled in meta-analyses.Studies of high methodological quality and with adequate power are necessary to further investigate the value of AH in assisted conception of those patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941692

ABSTRACT

One case of family chromosomal karyotype with complex chromosomal translocation and male infertility was reported. This case is a male, 30 years old, Han nationality, who did not receive contraception for 3 years after marriage. The phenotype and intelligence of the patients were normal, and there were no abnormalities in the external genitalia. No abnormalities were found in the prostate and spermatic vein. There was no history of parotitis or testicular trauma, no history of smoking, drinking history, denial of harmful substances and history of radioactive contact. There were no similar patients in the family, and the secondary sex was normal. The routine semen examination suggested that the active sperm was seldom seen. There were no obvious abnormalities in the serum endocrine examination of the patient. Cytogenetic examination: the patient's karyotype 46XY, t (10; 18; 21) (q22; p11.2; q11.2). There was no deletion in locus sY84, sY86, sY127, sY134, sY143, sY254 and sY255. His wife's examination showed no obvious abnormality, and her karyotype was normal. The parents of the patients were not close relatives. Their father's chromosome karyotype analysis was 46, XY, and Y chromosome microdeletion was normal. The chromosome karyotype of the parent was 46XX, t (10; 18; 21), and the parents of the patient also had a daughter, whose phenotype and intellectual development were normal, chromosome karyotype 46XX, t (10; 18; 21). In this case, the patient's balance translocation should be inherited by the mother. Because of the normal phenotype of the patient, there was no loss of genetic material, but the abnormal chromosomes might be passed to the offspring, and the proportion of the unbalanced gametes was very high. Through systematic review and review of the cases, it was concluded that the balanced translocation carriers only changed the relative position of the translocation segments on the chromosomes, retained the total number of the original genes, only changed the relative position of the genes on the chromosomes, and had no serious effect on the role of the gene and the development of the individual. The phenotype was normal. The patients were given symptomatic treatment to improve semen quality. It is recommended that pre-implantation genetic screening/diagnosis(PGS/PGD) be performed if necessary. It is to guide married men and women to choose the appropriate childbearing age, avoid unhealthy environmental contacts, and strengthen genetic screening before and after pregnancy, so as to achieve the goal of eugenics.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Karyotype , Male , Pregnancy , Semen Analysis , Translocation, Genetic
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1134-1137, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701252

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the characteristic of T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 1 (TAL1) gene expres-sion in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines and in primary AML cells from de novo AML patients with different sub-types. METHODS:Real-time PCR was used to determine the expression of TAL1 mRNA in acute leukemia cell lines (Jurkat, CCRF-CEM, HL-60 and NB4 cell lines) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 47 newly diagnosed AML patients. Twelve healthy individuals were served as healthy control group. RESULTS:A significantly increased level in TAL1 mRNA was found in AML cell lines (HL-60 and NB4), T-cell acute lymphacytic leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines (Jur-kat, CCRF-CEM) and primary AML cells compared with the healthy controls. Over-expression of TAL1 was found in all detected AML subtypes, the highest level of TAL-1 mRNA was found in AML-M1 and AML-M5 subtype ( P <0.05). CONCLUSION:High expression of TAL1 in AML might influence the differentiation and proliferation of myeloid cells, further investigation needs to confirm whether it would be as a biomarker for pathogenesis of AML.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701208

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the antidepressant effect of dextromethorphan(DXM)and its mechanism. METHODS:The antidepressant effect of DXM was observed by the methods of forced swimming test,tail suspension test and open field test.The N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA)receptor activity in brain,and the effects of total nitric oxide syn-thases(NOS)and various types of NOS were examined by molecular biology methods.The mice pretreated with NMDA re-ceptor antagonist MK-801(MK),NMDA,NO precursor L-arginine(L-ARG),endothelial NOS(eNOS)inhibitor Nω-ni-tro-L-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME),inducible NOS(iNOS)inhibitor aminoguanidine(AG),neuronal NOS(nNOS) inhibitor 7-nitroindole(7-NI)or phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor sildenafil were given DXM to explore the mechanism of DXM as an antidepressant.RESULTS: DXM had a dose-dependent antidepressant effect.DXM inhibited the activity of brain NMDA receptor in a dose-dependent manner, and inhibited the expression of eNOS and nNOS.MK, L-NAME and 7-NI were able to promote the antidepressant effect of DXM.NMDA,L-ARG and sildenafil were able to inhibit the antidepres-sant effect of DXM.AG did not influence the antidepressant effect of DXM.CONCLUSION:DXM has an antidepressant effect,and NMDA receptor and L-ARG-NO-cGMP signaling pathways are involved in this process.

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