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1.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 983-986, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of dapagliflozin combined with metformin on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods:A total of 100 patients with T2DM who received treatment in The Second People's Hospital of Hefei from June 2019 to May 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a control group ( n = 50) and an experimental group ( n = 50). The control group was treated with metformin, and the experimental group was treated with dagglitazin combined with metformin. All patients were treated for 3 months. Blood glucose index, blood lipid level, and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:After treatment, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour post-prandial blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin in the experimental group were (5.56 ± 0.37) mmol/L, (8.32 ± 0.23) mmol/L, and (6.17 ± 0.26)% respectively, which were significantly lower than (6.96 ± 0.48) mmol/L, (9.58 ± 0.39) mmol/L, and (7.27 ± 0.26)% respectively in the control group ( t = 3.59, 6.92, 5.03, all P < 0.05). The total cholesterol and triglyceride in the experimental group were (3.58 ± 0.53) mmol/L and (1.25±0.26) mmol/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (4.94 ± 0.58) mmol/L and (1.93 ± 0.18) mmol/L in the control group ( t = 3.16, 4.25, both P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Dapagliflozin combined with metformin can effectively control blood glucose and blood lipid in T2DM patients without increasing adverse reactions.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 623-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the main blood parameters of Leishmania-infected dogs with different clinical symptoms in the high incidence area of visceral leishmaniasis in Gansu Province, and to provide scientific basis for early diagnosis and monitoring of canine leishmaniasis. Methods:In May 2019, Wenxian County of Longnan City and Diebu County of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, the historical endemic areas of visceral leishmaniasis in Gansu Province, were selected as the investigation sites, and 40 dogs with positive Leishmania DNA were investigated. According to their clinical symptoms, they were divided into three groups: asymptomatic ( n = 17), minimally symptomatic ( n = 12) and symptomatic ( n = 11). At the same time, 10 healthy dogs were selected as controls. Major blood indexes were detected by an automatic animal blood five-classification cell analyzer. Results:Compared with the control group, the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin content, hematocrit, and the number of lymphocytes, monocytes and eosinophils in the asymptomatic, minimally symptomatic and symptomatic groups were decreased ( P < 0.05), while the number of white blood cells and neutrophils in minimally symptomatic and symptomatic groups were decreased ( P < 0.05). The above blood indexes were lower in the symptomatic group than those in the asymptomatic group. The number of red blood cells (control group vs symptomatic group) decreased from (6.82 ± 0.05) × 10 12/L to (4.19 ± 0.08) × 10 12/L, hemoglobin content decreased from (15.84 ± 0.74) g/L to (9.65 ± 0.18) g/L, hematocrit decreased from (46.41 ± 0.95)% to (27.86 ± 0.42)%, the number of white blood cells decreased from (14.90 ± 0.22) × 10 9/L to (10.23 ± 0.24) × 10 9/L, the number of neutrophils decreased from (7.25 ± 0.18) × 10 9/L to (6.18 ± 0.11) × 10 9/L, the number of lymphocytes decreased from (2.80 ± 0.07) × 10 9/L to (1.64 ± 0.06) × 10 9/L, the number of monocytes decreased from (1.13 ± 0.01) × 10 9/L to (0.53 ± 0.02) × 10 9/L, and the number of eosinophils decreased from (1.70 ± 0.06) × 10 9/L to (0.71 ± 0.03) × 10 9/L. Conclusion:Different clinical symptoms of Leishmania-infected dogs have different blood test results.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 274-279, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemic status and spatial and temporal cluster distribution of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Gansu Province, and to provide evidence for making precise prevention and control measures and epidemic surveillance.Methods:The data of VL cases in Gansu Province reported in the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System Infectious Disease Reporting Information Management System from 2015 to 2021 were collected, descriptive epidemiology analysis was performed (three distribution of the disease). SaTScan v9.6 and ArcMap 10.7 were used for spatio-temporal cluster analysis.Results:A total of 368 VL cases were reported from 2015 to 2021, 89.13% (328/368) were concentrated in Longnan City and Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. The number of VL cases increased year by year from 2015 to 2017, reaching a peak in 2017 (79 cases, accounting for 21.47%), and had decreased year by year since 2018. There were cases every month throughout the year, and the peak was in April in spring (38 cases). The ratio of male to female patients was 1.3 ∶ 1.0 (208/160). Scattered children aged less than 5 years old were more common (41.30%, 152/368). The spatio-temporal cluster analysis showed that both the spatial and temporal aggregation zones of VL in Tanchang County and Chengxian County were of statistical significance ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of VL in Gansu Province is showing a low epidemic trend, having spatio-temporal aggregation, and precise monitoring and prevention and control should be strengthened in epidemic areas with different prevalence levels.

4.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 53-60, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999554

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Ankle pump exercises (APE) have been widely used in clinical practice. However, best practices for APE have not been established. Recognize the most effective frequency of APE for improving lower extremity hemodynamics and establish recommendations in clinical practice. @*Methods@#Therefore, a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed according to PRISMA-NMA. Six English databases (Pubmed, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, the Cochrane library and ProQuest) and four Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and Sinomed) were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies investigating the effects of different frequencies of APE on lower limb hemodynamics published before July 2022 were included. The reference list was also searched. Seven studies (one RCTs and six quasi-experimental studies) were included in the systematic review and five studies (one RCTs and four quasi-experimental studies) were included in the NMA. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane and Joanna Briggs Institute tools. The NMA was performed using the R software (version 4.2.1) and OpenBUGS (version 3.2.3). @*Results@#The results of the NMA showed that a frequency of every 3–4 s the most effective in improving lower extremity hemodynamics (P =.85), followed by every 1–2 s (P = .81), every 5–6 s (P=.32) and less than every 10 s (P =.02). Subgroup analysis failed to find a difference between healthy participants and those with unilateral total hip arthroplasty or fracture (MD = −0.23, 95% CI-5.92 to 4.61). @*Conclusions@#Consequencely, for adult patients, with or without lower extremity disease, a frequency of every 3–4 s can be recommended as the optimal frequency of APE in clinical care practice.Registered number on PROSPEROCRD42022349365. https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/display_record.php?RecordID=349365.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3090-3098, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999053

ABSTRACT

Sophorae Flavescentis Radix is the dried root of Sophora flavescens Ait. and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma is the dried root and rhizome of Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep. The two drugs are both from the same genus Sophora, having similar and different compositions and efficacies, however, their differences are not fully demonstrated in current standard. In this study, the high-performance thin-layer chromatography with multi-dimensional and multi-level features combined with electric spray mass spectrometry (HPTLC-ESI-MS) was used to discover and identify the characteristic zones in extracts of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, after optimizing the preparation method of the test solution and chromatographic parameters. As a result, 17 main characteristic zones were found on HPTLC chromatograms of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, among them, besides 3 known chemicals, another 12 unknown components were identified by HPTLC-ESI-MS, they are 1 alkaloid and 11 flavonoids. The identification results were verified by the reference standards partially and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra after guided-isolation. Finally, a unified HPTLC specific identification method with different markers was established to identify Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma simultaneously. Thanks to abundant chemical information provided when using diverse polarity mobile phases and derivatization reagents, the HPTLC technology offers a convenient strategy for discovery, quality evaluation, and identification of target chemicals when connecting with mass spectrometry.

6.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 602-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979773

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the influencing factors of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus after combined immunological blockade, and to evaluate the effect of mother-to-child blockade, and to provide a basis for health policies and health interventions for preventing mother-to-child blockade of hepatitis B virus. Methods A total of 11 363 pairs of HBsAg positive pregnant women and their infants aged 7-12 months in Hainan Province from 2015 to 2020 were included in the study. The general situation, the situation of health care and delivery in this pregnancy and perinatal period, the detection of hepatitis B markers, the situation of antiviral therapy, the general situation of mother and infant during delivery and the implementation of blockade measures for mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B were collected and analyzed. Results Among the 11 363 pairs of HBsAg positive pregnant women and their infants delivered in hospitals in Hainan province from 2015 to 2020, the positive rate of HBsAg in children at 7-12 months after birth was 1.47 %, and the difference in HBsAg positive rate of infants born in different years was not statistically significant (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the positive rate of HBsAg among children born to pregnant women with different nationalities, educational levels, occupations, delivery modes, delivery places, obstetric operations and perineal laceration, abnormal perinatal period, children with different genders and premature delivery and perinatal (all P<0.05). There was significant difference in HBsAg positive rate among infants born to pregnant women of different ages, the positive rate of HBsAg of infants born to young pregnant women was higher than that of older pregnant women (P<0.05). The rate of antiviral therapy was low in HBeAg positive pregnant women, and the positive rate of HBsAg in their infants was 2.54%, which was higher than 0.83% in HBeAg negative pregnant women (P<0.05). Conclusions Combined immunological blockade with hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immunoglobulin can effectively prevent the mother-to-child transmission of HBV. HBsAg-positive women can give birth at the right age, and HBeAg-positive pregnant women can be treated with antiviral therapy to block mother-to-child transmission, providing the important basis for the formulation of hepatitis B prevention and control strategies and measures.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1566-1576, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978715

ABSTRACT

Chirality is one of the fundamental properties of nature, and most of the important molecules in living organisms contain chiral structures. The efficacy and safety of drugs are often closely related to the chiral structure of compounds, however, there are relatively more studies on synthetic characterization, pharmacology, and toxicology of chiral small molecule chemical drugs, but relatively less studies on chiral compounds contained in natural drugs such as traditional Chinese medicines. Chiral separation, as the basis of chiral research, has a pivotal position in the study of chiral compounds. In this paper, we systematically describe the separation methods of chiral compounds from the classification of chiral splitting methods based on chromatographic and non-chromatographic methods, as well as chromatographic packing materials, chiral additives and chiral derivatization, and review the chiral compounds in natural drugs such as traditional Chinese medicines reported in the past ten years, in order to provide references for the splitting and evaluating the activity of chiral compounds, and the improvement of quality standards of traditional Chinese medicines.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 123-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971616

ABSTRACT

NDFIP1 has been previously reported as a tumor suppressor in multiple solid tumors, but the function of NDFIP1 in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism are still unknown. Besides, the WW domain containing proteins can be recognized by NDFIP1, resulted in the loading of the target proteins into exosomes. However, whether WW domain-containing transcription regulator 1 (WWTR1, also known as TAZ) can be packaged into exosomes by NDFIP1 and if so, whether the release of this oncogenic protein via exosomes has an effect on tumor development has not been investigated to any extent. Here, we first found that NDFIP1 was low expressed in NSCLC samples and cell lines, which is associated with shorter OS. Then, we confirmed the interaction between TAZ and NDFIP1, and the existence of TAZ in exosomes, which requires NDFIP1. Critically, knockout of NDFIP1 led to TAZ accumulation with no change in its mRNA level and degradation rate. And the cellular TAZ level could be altered by exosome secretion. Furthermore, NDFIP1 inhibited proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and silencing TAZ eliminated the increase of proliferation caused by NDFIP1 knockout. Moreover, TAZ was negatively correlated with NDFIP1 in subcutaneous xenograft model and clinical samples, and the serum exosomal TAZ level was lower in NSCLC patients. In summary, our data uncover a new tumor suppressor, NDFIP1 in NSCLC, and a new exosome-related regulatory mechanism of TAZ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptional Coactivator with PDZ-Binding Motif Proteins/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1512-1518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of closed-loop therapy system in adult non-mechanical ventilation patients in order to provide evidence-based basis for promoting the safety of oxygen therapy.Methods:Randomized controlled trials of closed-oxygen therapy system on the percentage within SpO 2 target, the incidence of hypoxaemia or hyperoxia, oxygen consumption, the mean oxygen therapy days, as well as the length of hospital stay in adult non-mechanical ventilation patients were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP from inception to June 30, 2022. Data extraction, and literature quality evaluation were performed by two researchers independently, RevMan 5.3 was used for meta-analysis. Results:A total of 5 articles including 502 patients were included. The results showed that the closed oxygen therapy system could significantly improve the percentage of time within SpO 2 target of patients ( SMD=1.56, 95% CI 1.22-1.90, Z=9.04, P<0.001) and reduce the percentage of time with hypoxaemia ( SMD=-0.35, 95% CI-0.50--0.19, Z=4.37, P<0.001) or hyperoxia ( SMD=-0.91, 95% CI-1.07--0.75, Z=11.04, P<0.001) of patients. Moreover, the mean oxygen flow rate of closed oxygen therapy ( SMD=-0.64, 95% CI-1.25--0.03, Z=2.07, P<0.05), the mean oxygen therapy days ( SMD=-0.55, 95%, CI-1.06--0.03, Z=2.08, P<0.05), as well as the length of hospital stay ( SMD=-1.68, 95% CI-2.22--1.14, Z=6.11, P<0.001) were lower than those of patients with manual adjustment systems. Conclusion:The closed oxygen therapy system can promote the safety of oxygen use, but it needs clinical application to further explore.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 1-4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989886

ABSTRACT

Metastatic vascular calcification and calcinosis universalis, as severe complications of parathyroid hyperfunction and hyperparathyroidism, have attracted more attention in patients with renal secondary hyperparathyroidism and primary hyperparathyroidism. But, they are of little concern in patients with long-term negative calcium balance related parathyroid hyperfunction or hyperparathyroidism caused by calcium and/or vitamin D insufficiency (CVI). CVI is common in the population. Relatively low level of serum calcium and negative calcium balance caused by long-term CVI result in parathyroid hyperfunction or hyperparathyroidism, which may cause secretion of PTH beyond the physiological level, leading to bone absorption and release of a large amount of bone calcium into the blood. It may not only cause bone loss and osteoporosis, but also form metastatic vascular calcification or calcinosis universalis presented by cardiovascular diseases and other multi-organ lesions. Early calcium deposition can gradually fade after reasonable treatment, but middle arterial calcification is not easy to fade once it occurs. Therefore, vascular calcification and calcium deposition should be actively prevented and early screened and diagnosed. The early prevention, diagnosis and treatment of parathyroid hyperfunction or hyperparathyroidism can prevent, delay, or even reverse the occurrence and development of metastatic vascular calcification and calcinosis universalis, which is significant for disease prevention and protecting the patients' health influenced by these diseases.

11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 27-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970670

ABSTRACT

In clinical, manually scoring by technician is the major method for sleep arousal detection. This method is time-consuming and subjective. This study aimed to achieve an end-to-end sleep-arousal events detection by constructing a convolutional neural network based on multi-scale convolutional layers and self-attention mechanism, and using 1 min single-channel electroencephalogram (EEG) signals as its input. Compared with the performance of the baseline model, the results of the proposed method showed that the mean area under the precision-recall curve and area under the receiver operating characteristic were both improved by 7%. Furthermore, we also compared the effects of single modality and multi-modality on the performance of the proposed model. The results revealed the power of single-channel EEG signals in automatic sleep arousal detection. However, the simple combination of multi-modality signals may be counterproductive to the improvement of model performance. Finally, we also explored the scalability of the proposed model and transferred the model into the automated sleep staging task in the same dataset. The average accuracy of 73% also suggested the power of the proposed method in task transferring. This study provides a potential solution for the development of portable sleep monitoring and paves a way for the automatic sleep data analysis using the transfer learning method.


Subject(s)
Sleep , Sleep Stages , Arousal , Data Analysis , Electroencephalography
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 672-676, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965799

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes in peripapillary choroidal thickness(pCT)within 1a of the first episode of acute primary angle closure glaucoma(APACG).METHODS: A prospective cohort study. A total of 31 patients with APACG who admitted to the ophthalmology department of Shijiazhuang People's Hospital from October 2015 to September 2019 were selected, with 31 eyes in attack group, 31 fellow eyes in preclinical group and 30 cases(30 eyes)in control group. pCT of the three groups was measured respectively at the attack period, 1wk, 1, 3, 6mo and 1a after surgery.RESULTS: The pCT of the attack group was thicker than that in the attack period when at 1wk after surgery, and continued to become thinner within the following 1a(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The pCT of the attack group was thicker than that of the other two groups during the attack period and at 1wk after surgery, while it became thinner at 1a(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). In the attack group, the average pCT was positively correlated with the duration of intraocular hypertension and negatively correlated with the anterior chamber depth(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: For patients with first episode of APACG, pCT was diffusely thickened during attack and at 1wk after surgery. The pCT returned to normal at 1mo, while it became thinner at 1a. Furthermore, the average pCT was positively correlated with the duration of intraocular hypertension, and the choroidal thickness may play an important role in the attack of APACG.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 774-792, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982436

ABSTRACT

The thalamocortical (TC) circuit is closely associated with pain processing. The hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) 2 channel is predominantly expressed in the ventral posterolateral thalamus (VPL) that has been shown to mediate neuropathic pain. However, the role of VPL HCN2 in modulating TC circuit activity is largely unknown. Here, by using optogenetics, neuronal tracing, electrophysiological recordings, and virus knockdown strategies, we showed that the activation of VPL TC neurons potentiates excitatory synaptic transmission to the hindlimb region of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1HL) as well as mechanical hypersensitivity following spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced neuropathic pain in mice. Either pharmacological blockade or virus knockdown of HCN2 (shRNA-Hcn2) in the VPL was sufficient to alleviate SNI-induced hyperalgesia. Moreover, shRNA-Hcn2 decreased the excitability of TC neurons and synaptic transmission of the VPL-S1HL circuit. Together, our studies provide a novel mechanism by which HCN2 enhances the excitability of the TC circuit to facilitate neuropathic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Hyperpolarization-Activated Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Channels/genetics , Neuralgia , RNA, Small Interfering , Thalamus/metabolism , Up-Regulation
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 589-594, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and sex and age in the adolescent dentition.@*METHODS@#Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) was used to measure the height of alveolar bone resorption at labial, lingual, mesial and distal sites of teeth in 149 adolescents aged from 10 to 20 years. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and sex and age.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the height of alveolar bone resorption between sex (P>0.05). The height of alveolar bone resorption was positively correlated with age in all types of teeth. The model constructed by combining the alveolar bone resorption height data of four sites (y=2.569x1+3.106x2+4.108x3+1.451x4-0.082, R2max=0.756)had a better ability to infer age than that of combining two sites (y=5.942x1+4.489x2+0.612, R2max=0.706) and a single site (R2max=0.638).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The height of alveolar bone resorption is positively correlated with the age of adolescents. The combination of four sites has a stronger ability to infer the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and age in adolescents and has higher accuracy in practical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Child , Young Adult , Adult , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bone Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 807-812, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992907

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the ability of identification and differential diagnosis of severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods:A severe SLE patient with lupus myocarditis, neuropsychiatric lupus, thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) and other multiple system involvement was reported and discussed.Results:A young female patient developed albuminuria 5 months ago, edema of both lower limbs 3 months ago, change of consciousness 1 month ago and two convulsions attack 2 days ago. She experienced life threatening manifestations such as neuropsychiatric lupus, myocardial involvement of lupus, and TMA. During the course, her condition was generally improved after glucocorticoid pulse therapy and plasma exchange.Conclusion:Various complicated clinical manifestations related to SLE need to be recognized earlier and intervened as soon as possible.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 201-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928532

ABSTRACT

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a new form of ultrasound (US) that can dynamically display microvessels in a highly sensitive manner. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CEUS for characterizing testicular lesions in comparison with conventional US. Forty-seven patients with testicular lesions were enrolled. The histopathology results revealed that 31 cases were neoplastic (11 cases of seminomas, 8 nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, 8 lymphomas, 2 Leydig cell tumors, and 2 nonspecific tumors), and 16 cases were nonneoplastic (8 cases of infarctions, 3 epidermoid cysts, and 5 inflammation). The indicators of shallow lobulated morphology and cystic-solid echogenicity on conventional US were suggestive of germ cell tumors. More indicators on CEUS were found to be useful for characterizing testicular lesions. All the neoplastic lesions showed hyperenhancement on CEUS. Moreover, germ cell tumors presented with heterogeneous enhancement (73.7%, 14/19), a twisted blood vessel pattern, rapid wash-in and wash-out, and peripheral rim hyperenhancement signs. Lymphoma was characterized by nonbranching linear vessel patterns (87.5%, 7/8), rapid wash-in and slow wash-out. In nonneoplastic lesions, infarction and epidermoid cysts showed no enhancement, and abscesses were observed with marginal irregular enhancement. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CEUS for differentiating between neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions were 100%, 93.8%, and 97.9%, respectively, and these values were higher than those for conventional US (90.3%, 62.5%, and 80.9%, respectively). CEUS can sensitively reflect the microvascular perfusion in testicular lesions and offers high accuracy for characterizing them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst , Lymphoma , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 494-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935314

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of T lymphocyte subsets combined with procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and white blood cell count (WBC) in the auxiliary diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of sepsis. Methods: In a retrospective study, seventy-two patients with sepsis diagnosed and treated in Tianjin First Central Hospital from June 2018 to April 2021 were selected as the research objects, and included in the sepsis group were 46 males and 26 females, aged 68 (57.3, 80.3) years. In addition, 111 patients with local infection admitted to hospital during the same period were included in the local infection group, including 62 males and 49 females, aged 68 (51, 77) years. Sepsis patients were divided into survival group (43 cases) and death group (29 cases) according to the 28-day outcome. CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio were detected by flow cytometry within 24 h after admission, PCT was detected by ELISA, CRP was detected by immunoturbidimetry, blood routine examination, blood lactic acid (Lac) and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) were detected by instrumental method. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between each indicator and sepsis, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of each indicator for sepsis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis and Kaplan Meier survival analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of each index for patients with sepsis. Results: Peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio and PLT in sepsis group were significantly lower than those in local infection group(Z=-8.184,P<0.001;Z=-7.210,P<0.001;Z=-5.936,P<0.001;Z=-2.700,P=0.007;Z=-6.381,P<0.001); PCT, CRP, NLR and Lac levels were significantly higher than those in local infection group(Z=-8.262,P<0.001;Z=-3.094,P=0.002;Z=-9.004,P<0.001;Z=-4.770,P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression model showed that PCT, NLR, CD3+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ were independent risk factors for sepsis. According to ROC curve analysis, AUC of sepsis patients diagnosed by each indicator were 0.862, 0.894, 0.858, 0.760 and 0.618, respectively. The cut-off values were 3.075 ng/ml, 10.715, 44.935×109/L, 27.463×109/L and 0.750, respectively. The NLR sensitivity was 80.6%, and the CD3+ specificity was 94.6%. The AUC of combined detection of PCT and NLR was 0.947, sensitivity was 87.5% and specificity was 91.9%. The combined detection AUC of PCT, NLR, CD3+, CD4+/CD8+ was 0.958, the sensitivity and specificity were 90.3% and 91.0% respectively(P<0.001). PCT and Lac in death group were significantly higher than those in survival group(Z=-2.302,P=0.021;Z=-3.095,P=0.002);Peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ levels were significantly lower than those in survival group(Z=-3.691,P<0.001),Multivariate Logistic regression model showed that CD4+/CD8+ ratio was an independent risk factor for 28 d mortality in patients with sepsis (P<0.001). The ROC curve showed that the AUC was 0.758, and the Youden index reached the maximum when the cut-off value was 1.27, the sensitivity and specificity were 79.3% and 60.5%, respectively. Compared with patients with CD4+/CD8+ ≥1.27, 28-day mortality was significantly increased in patients with CD4+/CD8+<1.27 (P=0.032). Conclusion: The combined detection of PCT, NLR, CD3+ and CD4+/CD8+ can improve the auxiliary diagnostic efficiency of sepsis, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood may have certain predictive value for the prognosis of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Procalcitonin , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/diagnosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/chemistry
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 966-971, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the pathogenic gene and inheritance pattern in a pedigree of congenital iris coloboma with congenital cataract.Methods:The method of pedigree investigation was adopted.A pedigree of congenital iris coloboma with congenital cataract was collected by Yunnan Disabled Rehabilitation Center and the 2nd Afliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University in February 2020.Ophthalmic examinations were carried out on the female proband, her parents, her children and her husband, and the clinical diagnosis was made.Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples collected from the family members.The suspected pathogenic gene in the proband and her husband was screened by whole exome sequencing and was identified by bioinformatics analysis.The amino acid conservation was analyzed by UGENE software.The impact of the mutation on protein translation was predicted using MutationTaster software.The pathogenicity of the mutation was assessed according to the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) Standards and Guidelines.Pathogenic gene and mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the 2nd Afliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University (No.PJ-2020-61).Written informed consent was obtained from each subject or custodian.Results:The proband showed large iris defects in both eyes with only a small amount of observable iris tissue in the periphery, lens cortical opacity and posterior capsule opacification, accompanied by nystagmus.A novel heterozygous frameshift variation c. 415dupA (p.R139fs) was located in exon 8 of PAX6 gene, and the variation was conservative across multiple species.The variation was in the highly conserved region of PAX6 gene and caused the dysfunction of PAX6 protein.The variation was graded as PVS1+ PM2+ PP1, a pathogenic variation, based on ACMG guidelines.The pedigree was consistent with co-segregation, indicating that the novel variation was pathogenic.The proband and her children were diagnosed, but her parents were phenotypically normal, in accordance with autosomal dominant inheritance. Conclusions:The novel frameshift variation c.415dupA (p.R139fs) on the exon 8 of PAX6 gene is responsible for congenital iris coloboma with congenital cataract in the pedigree.This is the first report of this novel variation in PAX6 gene.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 520-524, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954632

ABSTRACT

Metabolic-dysfunction associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a common concomitant disease of breast cancer. It is one of the main causes of liver damage during chemotherapy and also an important cause of liver damage during endocrine therapy or follow-up, which seriously affects the quality of life and prognosis of breast cancer patients. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was renamed as MAFLD, which changed the original "exclusive diagnosis" to "inclusive diagnosis" and the non-negligible role of metabolic factors in the occurrence and development of fatty liver disease was recognized, but the clinical attention is not enough at present. More attention should be paid to the diagnosis and treatment of MAFLD in breast cancer patients because the proportion and risk of metabolic disorders are higher than that in general people. In this article, we will focus on the clinical significance, prevention and treatment of the new definition of MAFLD in the comprehensive management of concomitant diseases of breast cancer, so as to further improve the quality of life and prognosis of breast cancer patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 416-420, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954611

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical feasibility, safety, and advantages of small lateral cervical incision for parathyroid exploration and resection.Methods:A total of 31 consecutive patients who underwent parathyroidectomy with a small lateral cervical incision, in the Department of Endocrinology and Breast Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from Apr. to Nov. 2021, including 11 males and 20 females, aged (49.32±13.79) years, ranging from 28 to 86 years, were selected to make retrospective statistical analysis of the surgical time, hospital stay, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage and postoperative complications of the patients. All patients were injected with carbon nanoparticles suspension injection guided by color ultrasound to locate the enlarged parathyroid gland before surgery. EXCEL 2019 software was used for statistical analysis.Results:Thirty-one patients underwent parathyroidectomy through a small lateral cervical incision. Primary hyperparathyroidism was performed in 19 cases (including 2 cases with bilateral small lateral cervical incision, 2 cases with unilateral excision of thyroid mass combined with parathyroidectomy, 1 case with resection of huge parathyroid adenoma, and 1 case with local anesthesia) . Twelve patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism underwent total parathyroidectomy through bilateral small lateral cervical incision and forearm autogenous parathyroid transplantation (including bilateral thyroid mass resection combined with bilateral total parathyroidectomy and forearm autogenous parathyroid transplantation in 2 cases, local anesthesia and cervical plexus nerve block in 2 cases, and ectopic parathyroid gland in thyroid in 1 case) . Among them, the average operative time of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism was (54.74±27.71 & 74.14±31.73) min, the average intraoperative blood loss was (8.11±5.05 & 14.43±10.94) ml, the average postoperative drainage was (14.37±24.64 & 26.36±32.87) ml, the average postoperative parathyroid hormone was (11.59±16.46 & 26.65±56.38) pg/ml, the average hospital stay was (10.00±5.09 & 10.96±4.55) d, and the postoperative complication rate was (3.2% & 0%) .Conclusions:Parathyroid gland exploration and resection through small lateral cervical incision is a safe and effective surgical method and can also complete thyroid exploration and parathyroidectomy at the same time. Appropriate anesthesia should be selected after a full assessment of the patient’s basic condition.

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