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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 466-474, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014532

ABSTRACT

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of newborn mortality and childhood disability. Despite hypothermia treatment being the current standard method, it has its limitations and often produces unsatisfactory outcomes. Additionally, due to time and equipment constraints, hypothermia treatment cannot be promptly administered, leading to high mortality rates or varying levels of neurological impairments even after treatment. Hence, the exploration of alternative and effective treatment methods for HIE has become a challenging and highly researched topic in the field of neonatology. Research has shown that HIE induces intricate changes in the neurological system at the physiological, cellular, and molecular levels. Circular RNA (circRNA) exhibits high expression in the central nervous system and plays a role in regulating physiological and pathophysiological processes. Therefore, circRNA holds promise as a potential therapeutic target for HIE. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the regulatory effects of circRNA on different types of neural cells in HIE, aiming to offer new theoretical foundations for the treatment of HIE.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1737-1740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987900

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effect of genetic factors on the pathogenesis of keratoconus and its genetic model.METHODS: Genetic epidemiological methods were used to investigate the prevalence of keratoconus in 280 first-degree relatives of 100 patients with keratoconus who attended Henan Eye Hospital between July 2020 and April 2023. The heritability was estimated by Falconer regression method. The general genetic model was calculated using Penrose method, and the genetic model was confirmed by Falconer formula, Edwards approximation formula and the projection formula of San-Duo Jiang's threshold model theory.RESULTS: The results showed that there were 16(5.714%)first-degree relatives of keratoconus probands suffering from keratoconus, and the heritability of keratoconus was(86.100±7.400)%. The S/q score calculated by the Penrose method was 35.348, which was near to 1/(q)1/2, suggesting that the genetic model of keratoconus might be polygenic inheritance. The expected prevalence in first-degree relatives of keratoconus patients by Falconer formula, Edwards approximation formula and the projection formula of San-Duo Jiang's threshold model theory were 5.900%, 7.714% and 5.700%, respectively, which showed no significant differences from the actual prevalence(5.714%), suggesting that keratoconus was a polygenetic disease.CONCLUSION:Genetic factors might play an important role in the pathogenesis of keratoconus, and keratoconus is a polygenetic disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1889-1911, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981178

ABSTRACT

The pollution caused by improper handling of plastics has become a global challenge. In addition to recycling plastics and using biodegradable plastics, an alternative solution is to seek efficient methods for degrading plastics. Among them, the methods of using biodegradable enzymes or microorganisms to treat plastics have attracted increasing attention because of its advantages of mild conditions and no secondary environmental pollution. Developing highly efficient depolymerizing microorganisms/enzymes is the core for plastics biodegradation. However, the current analysis and detection methods cannot meet the requirements for screening efficient plastics biodegraders. It is thus of great significance to develop rapid and accurate analysis methods for screening biodegraders and evaluating biodegradation efficiency. This review summarizes the recent application of various commonly used analytical techniques in plastics biodegradation, including high performance liquid chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, and determination of zone of clearance, with fluorescence analysis techniques highlighted. This review may facilitate standardizing the characterization and analysis of plastics biodegradation process and developing more efficient methods for screening plastics biodegraders.


Subject(s)
Biodegradable Plastics/chemistry , Biodegradation, Environmental
4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 764-767, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997026

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo characterize the incidence of laboratory confirmed pertussis cases by immunization status in Ninghai County, and to provide evidence for improving pertussis prevention and control strategy in Ninghai County. MethodsData of reported pertussis cases in Ninghai County from 2018 to 2019 were collected through the National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System. The immunization history of vaccines related to pertussis was collected through the Ningbo Immunization Planning Information Management System and field investigation. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the collected data. ResultsThe respiratory secretions collected in the 64 cases tested positive for nucleic acid of Bordetella pertussis bacilli, of which 56.25% aged 0‒1 year. They were mainly pre-school children. No adolescent or adult case was reported. All cases had whooping cough. Of the cases, 78.13% had an increase in white blood cell count, 62.5% had an increase in lymphocyte percentage, 59.38% had completed three or more doses of pertussis vaccination, 69.39% had a time interval of >1 year between the onset and last dose of pertussis vaccination, and 31.25% reported close contact with pertussis patients before the onset. The misdiagnosis rate of pertussis was as high as 92.19%. In contrast, the prevalence of anti-pertussis IgG antibody in health population was 1.05%. ConclusionFurther improvement in the laboratory testing capacity can help clarify the diagnosis of pertussis. Generally, children aged 0-1 year are mainly affected, of which vast majority have received at least one dose of pertussis vaccination. Clinical symptoms are characterized by whooping cough. Additionally, elevated white blood cells and lymphocytes should be on the alert to pertussis infection.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 754-760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995789

ABSTRACT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a kind of cardiovascular diseases originated from atherosclerosis (AS), and chronic inflammation is one of the pathological characteristics. The peripheral blood leukocytes, especially mononuclear cells, play an important role in the AS processes. Recently, in a series of Epigenome-Wide Association Studies (EWAS), multiple DNA differential methylation sites in peripheral blood cells were found to be statistically associated with CHD, which suggested that these DNA differential methylation sites might serve as new risk factors for CHD. The recognition of the variant of DNA methylation as a common epigenetic nucleic acid modification in the occurrence and development of CHD, is ongoing. DNA methylation has the potential to become warning biomarkers, which might provide new ideas and evidences for mechanistic studies of CHD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 375-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) management in 10 hospitals in Northwest China over the past five years and to investigate the strategies for improving the prevention and treatment of RDS.Methods:This retrospective study involved premature infants with RDS who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) of 10 hospitals (six in Shaanxi Province, three in Gansu Province, and one in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region) of the Northwest China Neonatal Collaborative Group within 3 d after birth from January 1 to December 31, 2016, and from January 1 to December 31, 2021. Basic information, perinatal condition, treatment approaches, complications, and prognosis of the patients were compared. T-test, rank sum, and Chi-square tests were used for statistical analysis. Result:(1) This study enrolled 322 premature infants with RDS in 2016 and 349 in 2021. Premature infants at the gestational age of 30 to 33 weeks were mainly affected, and the majority were male [64.3% (207/322) and 57.3% (200/349)]. The average maternal age in 2021 was older than that in 2016 [(30.6±4.8) years vs (28.6±5.4) years, t=24.02, P<0.001], and the proportion of women at advanced maternal age was also higher in 2021 [19.2% (67/349) vs 12.4% (40/322), χ2=4.18, P<0.05]. (2) The proportions of pregnancies conceived with assisted reproductive technologies [11.7% (41/349) vs 1.9% (6/322), χ2=25.12], underwent routine prenatal examinations [58.5% (204/349) vs 30.4% (98/322), χ2=53.33], exposed to steroids [62.2% (217/349) vs 28.6% (92/322), χ2=82.58] and delivered by cesarean section or elective cesarean section [73.6% (257/349) vs 51.6% (166/322), χ2=35.06; 24.1% (84/349) vs 6.5% (21/322), χ2=39.07], as well as the ratio of cesarean scar pregnancy [7.4% (26/349) vs 3.4% (11/322), χ2=5.23] were all higher in 2021 than those in 2016 (all P<0.05). Moreover, the incidence of fetal distress [30.1% (105/349) vs 20.2% (65/322), χ2=8.68], gestational hypertension [24.6% (86/349) vs 13.0% (42/322), χ2=14.59], premature rupture of membranes [16.0% (56/349) vs 10.2% (33/322), χ2=4.89], meconium-stained amniotic fluid [12.6% (44/349) vs 5.6% (18/322), χ2=9.83], placental abruption [10.3% (36/349) vs 5.3% (17/322), χ2=5.84], gestational diabetes mellitus [10.3% (36/349) vs 1.6%(5/322), χ2=22.41], chorioamnionitis [4.6%(16/349) vs 0.9% (3/322), χ2=8.12], thyroid dysfunction [4.3% (15/349) vs 0.6% (2/322), χ2=7.88] and heart disease [4.3% (15/349) vs 0.3% (1/322), χ2=9.17] were higher in 2021 than in 2016 (all P<0.05). (3) In 2021, the rate of pulmonary surfactant (PS) usage, the dosage of porcine PS, and the proportion of bovine PS usage were all significantly higher than those in 2016 [73.6% (257/349) vs 67.1% (216/322), χ2=11.62; (178.5±38.0) mg/kg vs (165.2±42.8) mg/kg, t=7.85; 47.9% (123/257) vs 19.4% (42/216), χ2=41.72; all P<0.01]. No significant difference in the incidence of intubation-surfactant-extubation (INSURE), early PS administration (≤2 h after birth), or the arterial blood gas values before and after PS treatment was found between the cases enrolled in 2021 and 2016. The duration of antibiotic treatment [7.0 d (5.0-14.0 d) vs 5.0 d (1.0-8.0 d), Z=7.55] and assisted ventilation [144 h (81-264 h) vs 73 h (47-134 h), Z=8.20] and the median hospital stay [24 d(14-42 d) vs 16 d (10-25 d), Z=6.74] were significantly longer in 2021 than in 2016 (all P<0.01). More patients required nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation [29.6% (100/338) vs 1.0% (3/306), χ2=97.81] and conventional ventilation [42.6% (144/338) vs 30.1% (92/306), χ2=10.87] in 2021 as compared with those five years ago (both P<0.01). (4) In 2021, the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus [15.5% (54/349) vs 6.2% (20/322), χ2=63.40], bronchopulmonary dysplasia [9.2% (32/349) vs 2.8% (9/322), χ2=12.88], persistent pulmonary hypertension [5.4% (19/349) vs 0.6% (2/322), χ2=12.85], periventricular leukomalacia [4.3% (15/349) vs 1.2% (4/322), χ2=7.52] and pneumothorax [3.4% (12/349) vs 0.3% (1/322), χ2=9.68] increased as compared with those in 2016 (all P<0.05), while the incidence of nosocomial infection decreased significantly [7.4% (26/349) vs 19.6% (63/322), χ2=21.37, P<0.001]. (5) The cure rate of premature infants with RDS was 70.8% (247/349) in 2021, which was significantly higher than that in 2016 [56.2% (181/322), χ2=15.37, P<0.001]. Moreover, the rate of withdrawing treatment and the total mortality rate was lower in 2021 than in 2016 [7.7% (27/349) vs 14.3% (46/322), χ2=7.41; in-hospital: 1.4% (5/349) vs 5.6% (18/322), χ2=8.74; out of hospital: 8.3% (29/349) vs 13.7% (44/322), χ2=4.96; all P<0.05]. Conclusions:The clinical management of RDS in premature infants in the involved hospitals has been improved. However, there is room for improvement in prenatal examinations.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 55-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993150

ABSTRACT

Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is the standard radiotherapy regimen of preventive radiation for patients diagnosed with brain metastases and non-small cell lung cancer, which can improve intracranial control and prolong overall survival. However, neurocognitive functions (NCF) decline due to impaired hippocampal might occur thereafter. Recent studies have shown that hippocampal sparing WBRT (HS-WBRT) is capable of protecting neurocognitive function and improving quality of life (QOL). In this review, the authors described the methods and significance of hippocampal sparing, summarized the research progress on clinical trials related to HS-WBRT in combination with the development of radiotherapy technology and experimental drugs, and discussed the existing controversies and problems, aiming to provide reference for clinical work.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 504-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of three-dimensional (3D) CT in diagnosing cricoarytenoid dislocation.Methods:From January 2021 to December 2021, 31 patients with unilateral cricoarytenoid dislocation who had been treated by reduction forceps at the Affiliated BenQ Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected retrospectively, and their voice recovered or improved significantly after therapy. The preoperative CT images were reconstructed by volume rendering (VR). The dislocated side (left and right), type of dislocation (total dislocation and subluxation), and dislocation direction (anterior, posterior, internal and external dislocation) of cricoarytenoid dislocation were observed. According to arytenoid articular surface of cricoid cartilage exposed completely or not (caused by arytenoid displacement), they were divided into complete dislocation and subluxation. According to the direction of arytenoid displacement and the part of arytenoid articular surface of cricoid cartilage exposed, they were divided into anterior, posterior, internal and external dislocation. According to the shape of the vocal cords on laryngoscope, anterior and posterior dislocation of each case was judged, and then compared with that of CT.Results:On VR images, there were 28 cases of cricoarytenoid subluxation (90.3%, 28/31) and 3 cases of complete dislocation (9.7%, 3/31). Left cricoarytenoid dislocation was 26 cases (83.9%, 26/31) and right cricoarytenoid dislocation was 5 cases (16.1%, 5/31). Posterior dislocation was 28 cases (90.3%, 28/31) and anterior dislocation was 3 cases (9.7%, 3/31). There were 23 cases of internal dislocation (74.2%, 23/31), 2 cases of external dislocation (6.4%, 2/31), and 6 cases without obvious internal and external dislocation (19.4%, 6/31). Three cases of complete dislocation were left posterior internal dislocation.There were 24 cases of left posterior dislocation (77.4%, 24/31), 4 cases of right posterior dislocation (12.9%, 4/31), 2 cases of left anterior dislocation (6.4%, 2/31) and 1 case of right anterior dislocation (3.2%, 1/31). On laryngoscope, there were 19 cases of posterior dislocation (61.3%, 19/31), 9 cases of anterior dislocation (29.0%, 9/31), 3 cases were difficult to assess (9.7%, 3/31) because of aryepiglottic fold covering. Sixteen cases (55.2%, 16/28) were consistent with 3D CT, and 12 cases (42.8%, 12/28) were inconsistent.Conclusion:The 3D CT is a reliable method to evaluate cricoarytenoid dislocation, which can show dislocated side, type and direction of cricoarytenoid dislocation clearly.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 532-537,C1-C2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of seroma after transabdominal preperitoneal prosthetic (TAPP) inguinal hernia by laparoscopy.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 320 patients with inguinal hernia who received TAPP in Fuyang Fifth People′s Hospital from December 2019 to December 2022, including 226 males and 94 females, with an average age of (61.46±10.22) years (range: 23-76 years). Patients were divided into seroma group ( n=18) and non-seroma group ( n=302) according to whether seroma occurred after surgery. Multivariate Logistic analysis was used to screen the influencing factors of seroma after TAPP tension-free repair, and based on Softmax strategy, the artificial neural network model was constructed with binary classification variables survival 0 (no outcome event occurred) and 1 (outcome event occurred) as outcome variables. receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and cumulative gain graph were used to analyze the model differentiation and application value. The measurement data of normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups. Chi-square test was used for comparison between count data groups. Results:The incidence of postoperative seroma in 320 patients was 5.63% (18/320), including 7 cases of type Ⅰ, 4 cases of type Ⅱ, and 7 cases of type Ⅲ, all of which were improved after symptomatic treatment. Combined with underlying diseases, anticoagulant drugs, duration of disease, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hernia sac diameter, mesh fixation method, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were factors influencing seroma ofter TAPP in inguinal hernia patients ( OR=1.732, 2.414, 2.346, 1.480, 2.159, 1.725, 1.248, 2.179; 95% CI: 1.385-2.942, 1.764-3.176, 1.280-3.209, 1.263-2.275, 1.331-2.861, 1.308-2.239, 1.005-1.764, 1.644-2.982; P<0.05). The ROC curve and cumulative gain graph showed that the artificial neural network model could well predict the probability of postoperative seroma. Conclusions:The occurrence of seroma after TAPP tension-free repair in inguinal hernia patients is related to underlying diseases, taking anticoagulant drugs, course of disease, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, diameter of hernia sac, patch fixation method, NLR and many other factors. Clinical attention should be paid to these problems to reduce the incidence of postoperative seroma.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 193-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989431

ABSTRACT

With the advent of an aging society, the proportion of acetabular fractures in the elderly is increasing. Acetabular fracture belongs to intra-articular fracture. The treatment principle should be to restore the continuity of articular surface anatomy and the concentric relationship between the acetabular load bearing area and the femoral head as far as possible, rebuild the stability of the hip joint, promote the functional recovery of the hip joint, and help patients to carry out functional exercise at an early stage, so as to obtain a good prognosis. However, the treatment plan of the elderly is different from that of young patients due to problems such as insufficient bone mass, basic diseases and physiological weakness, which is a new challenge for orthopedic doctors. In this paper, the selection of different treatment schemes for elderly acetabular fracture is summarized, in order to provide help for clinicians in the treatment of elderly acetabular fracture.

11.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 40-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016049

ABSTRACT

With the increase in global life expectancy, the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases is increasing year by year. Studies have confirmed that patients with different types of neurodegenerative diseases have circadian rhythm disorder and gut microbiota dysregulation. The occurrence of neurodegenerative diseases and circadian rhythm disorder are mutually causal, and in this causal relationship, gut microbiota may play an important role. Gut microbiota affects the communication between gut and brain through "microbiota ⁃ gut ⁃ brain axis", and can affect neural development. Gut microbiota dysregulation can increase the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. At the same time, the diurnal fluctuation of gut microbiota themselves is also regulated by the host biological clock. This article reviewed the progress of research on relationship of circadian rhythm disorder and gut microbiota involved in neurodegenerative diseases.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 917-921, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the natural history and risk factors for continued allergy in infants with IgE-mediated cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included 72 infants under 24 months of age diagnosed with IgE-mediated CMPA in the allergy clinic of the Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from October 2019 to November 2020. General information, clinical manifestations, serum total IgE, cow's milk specific IgE, and cow's milk protein component specific IgE were collected. Follow-ups were conducted at 24 and 36 months of age, and the patients were divided into the persistent allergy group and the tolerance group based on whether they developed cow's milk tolerance at 36 months of age. Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and binary Logistic regression were used for intergroup comparison and multivariate analysis. Results: Among the 72 CMPA children, there were 42 boys and 30 girls, with an age of 10 (7, 15) months at enrollment. Cow's milk protein tolerance was observed in 32 cases (44%) and 46 cases (64%) at 24 and 36 months of age, respectively. There were 26 cases in the persistent allergy group and 46 cases in the tolerance group. The proportion of respiratory symptoms, history of wheezing, positive specific IgE for α-lactalbumin and the total IgE level in the persistent allergy group were higher than that in the tolerance group (7 cases (27%) vs. 0, 6 cases (23%) vs. 2 cases (4%), 67% (14/21) vs. 26% (10/39), 225 (151, 616) vs. 48 (21, 185) kU/L, χ2=10.82, 4.16, 9.57, Z=4.07, all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that anaphylaxis (OR=21.14, 95%CI 2.55-175.14, P=0.005), a history of allergic rhinitis (OR=5.94, 95%CI 1.54-22.86, P=0.005), elevated milk specific IgE (OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.01-1.08, P=0.024), and positive casein specific IgE (OR=6.64, 95%CI 1.39-31.69, P=0.018) were risk factors for continuous CMPA. Conclusions: Most infants with IgE-mediated CMPA can achieve tolerance within 3 years. Anaphylaxis, a history of allergic rhinitis, elevated milk specific IgE levels, and casein sensitization are risk factors for continuous allergy.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Female , Cattle , Infant , Humans , Child , Milk Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Caseins , Prospective Studies , Anaphylaxis , Risk Factors , Rhinitis, Allergic , Immunoglobulin E , Milk Proteins/adverse effects
13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 773-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012306

ABSTRACT

Stage Ⅱ (T3-4N0M0) accounts for 25% of colorectal cancer and five-year survival is between 70% and 80%. However, 25% of patients develop distant metastases and have a survival rate similar to that of stage Ⅲ disease. However, whether or not to give adjuvant chemotherapy is still a controversial issue. As a result, there has been a lot of interest in the identification of the pathological factors underlying the poor prognosis associated with this stage, in order to establish a firmer basis for the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy. But not all high-risk factors are equal for stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer, variability still exists in the management and outcomes of high-risk patients. Here be introduced and commented on thinking and understanding about its controversy and evolution for the attention of the working pathologist and gastroenterologist doctors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis
14.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2461-2465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003842

ABSTRACT

“Cold-dampness entering ying (营)” is the key to the worsening of cold-dampness epidemic, and is more common in the elderly or critically ill cases of cold-dampness epidemic with pathogen exuberance and healthy qi deficiency. This paper reported a case of critically ill COVID-19 combined with multiple organ dysfunction treated by integrative traditional Chinese and western medicine based on “cold-dampness entering ying” theory. The patient did not have high fever after being infected with SARS-Cov-2, but D-dimer continued to increase, and she developed multiple thrombosis throughout the body and multiple organ dysfunctions such as pulmonary embolism, edema, oliguria, and shock. The patient were with enlarged and dusky tongue, with yellow, thick and greasy coating, and sublingual blood stasis, and thready, rapid and rough pulse. All these were characteristic manifestations of “cold-dampness entering ying”, and was differentiated as cold-dampness stasis. For the treatment, symptomatic and supportive western medicine of improving heart function, anti-infection, relieving asthma, stopping cough and reducing phlegm was given as the basic therapy, and additionally, traditional Chinese medicine to open the constraint and the blocked, save from collapse and restore yang, boost qi and relieve collapse, invigorate blood and drain water was used, usually with Modified Poge Zilong Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction (破格子龙宣白承气汤加减), which was in accordance with the pathogenesis and thus achieving good effect.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 701-705, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973953

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To preliminarily develop Health Literacy Scale for pupils, providing a tool for dynamic monitoring and related health literacy research among pupils.@*Methods@#Through policy and literature review, the health literacy evaluation index system of pupils was established. Through two rounds of expert consultation, the evaluation index system and scale item pool of three levels in primary school were formed, and "Evaluation Scale 1.0" was developed. Through two panel discussions, health education experts, teachers and students were invited to provide advices on the content, expression and structure of scale 1.0, turning it into "Evaluation Scale 2.0", and completing the preliminary development of the scale.@*Results@#The health literacy assessment index system of primary school students includes three levels,including level-1 was Grade 1-2, level-2 was Grade 3-4,level-3 was Grade 5-6, covering two level indexes. The scale for primary school students contained five horizontal dimensions and four vertical dimensions. In the Delphi consultation, the response rate was 100%, and the authority coefficient was 0.85. After item selection and modification, the final version of level-1, level-2 and level-3 scales contained 36, 44 and 50 items respectively.@*Conclusion@#The development of Health Literacy Evaluation Scale for pupils has high applicability and practical value.

16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 547-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986109

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a comprehensive diagnostic classification model of lateral cephalograms based on artificial intelligence (AI) to provide reference for orthodontic diagnosis. Methods: A total of 2 894 lateral cephalograms were collected in Department of Orthodontics, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology from January 2015 to December 2021 to construct a data set, including 1 351 males and 1 543 females with a mean age of (26.4± 7.4) years. Firstly, 2 orthodontists (with 5 and 8 years of orthodontic experience, respectively) performed manual annotation and calculated measurement for primary classification, and then 2 senior orthodontists (with more than 20 years of orthodontic experience) verified the 8 diagnostic classifications including skeletal and dental indices. The data were randomly divided into training, validation, and test sets in the ratio of 7∶2∶1. The open source DenseNet121 was used to construct the model. The performance of the model was evaluated by classification accuracy, precision rate, sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC). Visualization of model regions of interest through class activation heatmaps. Results: The automatic classification model of lateral cephalograms was successfully established. It took 0.012 s on average to make 8 diagnoses on a lateral cephalogram. The accuracy of 5 classifications was 80%-90%, including sagittal and vertical skeletal facial pattern, mandibular growth, inclination of upper incisors, and protrusion of lower incisors. The acuracy rate of 3 classifications was 70%-80%, including maxillary growth, inclination of lower incisors and protrusion of upper incisors. The average AUC of each classification was ≥0.90. The class activation heat map of successfully classified lateral cephalograms showed that the AI model activation regions were distributed in the relevant structural regions. Conclusions: In this study, an automatic classification model for lateral cephalograms was established based on the DenseNet121 to achieve rapid classification of eight commonly used clinical diagnostic items.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Artificial Intelligence , Deep Learning , Cephalometry , Maxilla , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the recurrence factors and reoperation effect of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: A total of 41 patients with recurrence after laparoscopic repair of the inguinal hernia admitted to the Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were males, aging (62±7) years (range: 51 to 75 years). The recurrence intervals were 3 days to 7 years postoperatively. The surgical methods, causes of recurrence, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Fisher exact probability method is used to compare the rates. Results: Among all cases, the primary surgical procedures included transabdominal preperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TAPP) in 31 cases and total extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy in 10 cases. The reoperative procedures included the TAPP of 11 cases and the Lichtenstein procedure of 30 cases. The factors of recurrent cases in all patients could be divided into 4 categories, including insufficient mesh coverage in 23 cases, mesh curling in 9 cases, mesh contractuture in 7 cases, and improper mesh fixation in 2 cases. Recurrence, infection, chronic pain, foreign body sensation didn't occur in the followed period of(M(IQR)) 18(24) months(range: 12 to 50 months). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of postoperative seroma between the TAPP and Lichtenstein procedure (3/11 vs. 20.0% (6/30), P=0.68). Conclusions: Postoperative recurrence of laparoscopic inguinal hernia is mostly caused by the lack of mesh coverage. Due to the emphasis on standardized surgical operation, a good outcome could be achieved through reoperation by the TAPP or Lichtenstein procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
18.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1162-1168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the studies about the tibial-graft fixation methods on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, in order to provide clinical reference.@*METHODS@#The literature about the tibial-graft fixation methods on ACL reconstruction at home and abroad was extensively reviewed, and the factors that affect the selection of fixation methods were summarized.@*RESULTS@#The knee flexion angle, graft tension, and graft fixation device are mainly considered when the tibial-graft was fixed on ACL reconstruction. At present, the graft is mainly fixed at 0°/30° of knee flexion. The study shows that the knee joint is more stable after fixed at 30°, while the incidence of knee extension limitation decrease after fixed at 0°. In terms of graft tension, a good effectiveness can be obtained when the tension level is close to 90 N or the knee flexion is 30° to recover the affected knee over-restrained 2 mm relative to the healthy knee. In terms of the graft device, the interference screw is still the most commonly used method of tibial-graft fixation, with the development of all-inside ACL reconstruction in recent years, the cortical button fixation may become the mainstream.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic reconstruction is the main treatment of ACL rupture at present. However, there is no optimal fixation method for the tibial-graft, the advantages and disadvantages of each fixation methods need to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tibia/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee Joint/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Bone Screws
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4675-4685, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008634

ABSTRACT

The Compound Cheqian Tablets are derived from Cheqian Power in Comprehensive Recording of Divine Assistance, and they are made by modern technology with the combination of Plantago asiatica and Coptis chinensis. To investigate the material basis of Compound Cheqian Tablets in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, in this study, the chemical components of Compound Cheqian Tablets were characterized and analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, and a total of 48 chemical components were identified. The identified chemical compounds were analyzed by network pharmacology. By validating with previous literature, six bioactive compounds including acteoside, isoacteoside, coptisine, magnoflorine, palmatine, and berberine were confirmed as the index components for qua-lity evaluation. Furthermore, the content of the six components in the Compound Cheqian Tablets was determined by the "double external standards" quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS), and the relative correction factor of isoacteoside was calculated as 1.118 by using acteoside as the control; the relative correction factors of magnoflorine, palmatine, and berberine were calculated as 0.729, 1.065, and 1.126, respectively, by using coptisine as the control, indicating that the established method had excellent stability under different conditions. The results obtained by the "double external standards" QAMS approximated those obtained by the external standard method. This study qualitatively characterized the chemical components in the Compound Cheqian Tablets by applying UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS and screened the pharmacodynamic substance basis for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy via network pharmacology, and primary pharmacodynamic substance groups were quantitatively analyzed by the "double external stan-dards" QAMS method, which provided a scientific basis for clarifying the pharmacodynamic substance basis and quality control of Compound Cheqian Tablets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Berberine/pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Network Pharmacology , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control , Tablets
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1333-1337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978629

ABSTRACT

Myopia has become a major public health problem affecting the eye health of our nationals, especially adolescents, and is listed as one of the three major diseases in the world. The etiology of myopia is complex and it is currently considered to be mainly related to environmental factors and genetic factors. Dietary factors are less concerned, but it has been reported that there is a correlation between high-sugar diet and the occurrence and development of myopia. Studies have found that high-sugar diet can cause hyperinsulinemia, which mediates the increase of retinal insulin-like growth factor(IGF-1, IGF-2)expression level, and the decrease of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3(IGFBP-3)expression level in scleral fibroblasts, thereby activating signal transduction and transcriptional activator protein 3(STAT3)signaling pathway, and then acting on scleral matrix metalloproteinases(MMP)/transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β)and other factors, resulting in a decrease in scleral extracellular matrix(ECM), eventually leading to scleral remodeling, eye axis growth and myopia. This article explores the relationship between high-sugar diet and the occurrence and development of myopia from the aspects of epidemiology and biological mechanisms by consulting relevant literature, and provides research directions for the prevention and control of myopia.

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