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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 696-699, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911779

ABSTRACT

Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs), formerly known as autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, are a group of hereditary heterogeneous neurodegenerative disease that contains many subtypes. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 23 (SCA23), one type of SCAs, is caused by mutant prodynorphin (PDYN) gene. A 22-year-old patient was diagnosed with sporadic SCA23 due to gene detection, with a novel identified mutation, PDYN c.647C>T (p.P216L). Located in the dynorphin A-coding-region of PDYN gene, the pathogenic mechanism of the mutation may be relevant to the pathological changes caused by the variant including neurological dysfunction and death of cells. Mild improvement with the patient has been witnessed after active balance and speaking exercise.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of postpartum fatigue(PPF) on maternal behavior in rats and its mechanisms.Methods:Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats on the first day after delivery were randomized into the control group and the PPF group using the random number table method, with eight rats in each group.The rat model of PPF was established by forcing rats to stand in a cage with water and last for seven days.To maintain galactosis and lactation, rats and pups were caged for 90 min after every 3 h of separation.The control group was separated routinely without any stimulus.The length and body mass of the pups were recorded at birth and postnatal day 7.On the seven days after modeling, the following maternal behaviors were observed via video recordings: suckling, nesting, clicking and retrieval.The morphology of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus (PVH) was observed by HE staining.The expression of oxytocin in the paraventricular hypothalamus (OxtPVH) was determined by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry.Western blot and qRT-PCR were performed to detect mRNA and protein expression of prolactin (PRL) in pituitary gland, respectively.Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS version 22.0, normally distributed continuous variables were compared between the two groups using an independent-sample t test, and nonnormally distributed continuous variables were compared between the two groups by Mann-Whitney U test. Results:On the seventh day after modeling, the length and weight gain of pups in the PPF group ((5.82±0.17) cm, (5.33±2.54) g)were significantly lower than those of the control group ((6.24±0.36) cm, (7.92±2.54) g, t=3.199, 2.227, both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the rats in PPF group exhibited abnormal maternal behaviors, such as gnawing cage, biting tails, turning circles, repeatedly nesting and refusal to suckling.The results from the maternal behavioral test revealed that the latency of first pup retrieval and last pup retrieval ((39.25±3.50) s, (280.75±59.16) s) in the PPF group were significantly prolonged compared with those in the control group((19.25±7.68) s, (146.00±49.62) s, t=-4.742, -3.490, both P<0.05), the duration of nesting building ((19.50±12.69) s)and clicking ((95.50±70.55)s) in the PPF group were significantly shorter than those in the control group((68.00±37.59) s, (243.00±62.07) s; t=2.445, 3.139, both P<0.05). Compared with control group, the neurons cells of PVH in the PPF group were in disordered manner and the OxtPVH content in the PPF group decreased significantly.The mRNA (0.33(0.29, 0.38) vs 0.85(0.76, 1.76), Z=-3.576, P<0.05) and protein ((1.00±0.65) vs (4.17±0.49), t=-7.726, P<0.05) levels of PRL in PPF group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group. Conclusion:The behaviors of holding back, nesting and licking offspring are decreased in postnatal fatigued rats.This may be related to the decreased expression of OxtPVH and PRL in hypothalamus of female rats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of hepatic injury following umbilical vein catheterization, so as to improve the safety and use of umbilical vein catheterization in the newborn.Methods:Data of infants undergoing umbilical vein catheterization during hospitalization in the neonatology department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from Jan 1st, 2015 to Dec 31st, 2019 were collected retrospectively.The clinical characteristics, diagnoses and treatments of the infants with hepatic injury following umbilical vein catheterization were summarized and analyzed.And the relative literature was reviewed.Results:A total of 1 721 infants underwent umbilical vein catheterization, and seven cases(0.4%)had hepatic injury, including six cases of exudative necrosis in the liver and one case of hepatic hematoma.There was no significant difference in gestational age[(31.12±2.64)weeks vs.(30.62±2.75)weeks]or birth weight[(1 493±525)g vs.(1 374±473)g]between hepatic injury group and non-hepatic injury group( P>0.05). Clinically, it was found that the tip position of umbilical vein catheter was below the diaphragm(between the 9th and 11th thoracic vertebrae)in all seven cases.Except one case with no obvious clinical symptoms, the other six cases had clinical symptoms, mainly manifested as abdominal distension, repeated gastric retention, decreased bowel sounds, and additional with shock and anemia in hepatic hematoma.Blood sample tests showed elevated C-reactive protein, white blood cell count and transaminase.X-ray examination revealed cystic translucent shadow in the liver, and ultrasound and/or computed tomography examination showed the lesion in more detail.After removal of the catheter and administration of antibiotic, the hepatic injury recovered gradually. Conclusion:The hepatic injury following umbilical vein catheterization in neonates is not common.The catheter tip under the diaphragm is the main risk factor.And the diagnosis is dependent on imaging examination.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906258

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MS) includes insulin resistance (IR), central obesity, chronic low-grade inflammation, oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, elevated free fatty acid levels, intestinal flora imbalance, renin angiotensin system abnormality, and autophagy activity deficiency, etc. Most researchers believe that IR plays a central role in the pathogenesis of MS, and abdominal obesity is an important initial factor of MS. According to the incidence and clinical characteristics, MS is classified as "obesity" "pidan" " abdominal fullness " and other diseases. It is said that the pathogenesis of MS is related to the deficiency of spleen and kidney, the formation of phlegm, turbidity, blood stasis and other pathological products, which damage the body's functions of qi, blood, yin and yang. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages in treating MS based on the holistic view and syndrome differentiation concept. It has multi-level, multi-target and multi-channel treatment characteristics. It can intervene insulin signal transduction, regulate adipocyte factor secretion level, relieve oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress response, regulate intestinal flora and renin angiotensin system, reduce free fatty acid level and regulation Autophagy and other ways to improve chronic low-grade inflammation and IR status, and then comprehensive prevention and treatment of MS and its complications. However, the following problems still exist:lack of high-quality randomized controlled clinical research and large sample real-world research, clinical unified diagnosis and treatment standard has not yet formed, lack of genetic animal model in basic research, relatively single signal pathway and target of experimental research, and difficulty in timely formation of clinical transformation of scientific research achievements. Therefore, we should make full use of modern scientific and technological means to carry out systematic and standardized multicenter, large sample, high-quality randomized controlled trials or real-world research, we should prepare perfect animal models, focus on the crosstalk relationship between multiple related cell signaling pathways, and actively explore the potential relationship between signaling pathways and prescription compatibility, so as to actively promote basic scientific research achievements Clinical practice may be the key research direction in the prevention and treatment of MS in TCM.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 555-561, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922362

ABSTRACT

Meiosis is an essential step in gametogenesis which is the key process in sexually reproducing organisms as meiotic aberrations may result in infertility. In meiosis, programmed DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation is one of the fundamental processes that are essential for maintaining homolog interactions and correcting segregation of chromosomes. Although the number and distribution of meiotic DSBs are tightly regulated, still abnormalities in DSB formation are known to cause meiotic arrest and infertility. This review is a detailed account of molecular bases of meiotic DSB formation, its evolutionary conservation, and variations in different species. We further reviewed the mutations of DSB formation genes in association with human infertility and also proposed the future directions and strategies about the study of meiotic DSB formation.


Subject(s)
DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA Repair/genetics , Humans , Infertility/genetics , Meiosis/physiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921561

ABSTRACT

A good hydration status is important to the exercise performance and cognitive function of exercisers.The effective restoration of fluid balance after exercise is helpful to prevent dehydration,maintain body fluid balance,accelerate fatigue recovery,and enhance exercise performance.As the most effective sports nutrition supplement,sports beverage has different ingredients and formulas,and also has various effects.To provide clues for the development of sports beverage,this article reviews the types,components,effects,and mechanisms of sports beverage currently used in post-exercise fluid restoration.


Subject(s)
Beverages , Dehydration , Exercise , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Sports , Water-Electrolyte Balance
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921530

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage on post-exercise rehydration of healthy young men in different seasons,and to explore the influence of seasonal adaptability on fluid and electrolyte balance.Methods Fifteen healthy men,aged(24.4±0.5)years,completed 2 trails in a random crossover design both in summer and winter.During recovery,they consumed a drink volume equivalent to 100% of their sweat loss with plain boiled water(the water group)or carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage(the beverage group).Recovery was monitored for further 180 minutes by the collection of blood and urine samples.Results The dehydration time in summer was significantly shorter by about 20 minutes than that in winter(


Subject(s)
Adult , Beverages , Cross-Over Studies , Dietary Carbohydrates , Electrolytes , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Male , Seasons
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the condition of enteral feeding and the incidence of feeding intolerance (FI) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with a gestational age (GA) of < 28 weeks versus ≥ 28 weeks.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the ELBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, from January 2018 to January 2020. According to GA, they were divided into two groups:GA < 28 weeks (@*RESULTS@#Among the 41 infants in the GA < 28 weeks group, 2 (5%) were small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, while among the 38 infants in the GA ≥ 28 weeks group, 24 (63%) were SGA infants. Compared with the GA ≥ 28 weeks group, the GA < 28 weeks group had significantly longer initial and final time to full enteral feeding (


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Enteral Nutrition , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1867-1872., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886343

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression of the neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase 1 (NCEH1) gene in liver cancer tissue and human hepatoma cell lines and the effect of NCEH1 gene knockdown on the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and metastasis abilities of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells. MethodsLiver cancer tissue samples and adjacent tissue samples were collected from 32 patients with liver cancer who underwent surgical treatment in Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital Affiliated to Jinan University from January 2013 to June 2019, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the relative expression level of the NCEH1 gene. Gene expression data of liver cancer samples up to September 2020 were downloaded from the ICGC database, and R software was used to analyze the data and obtain the expression level of the NCEH1 gene in each sample. The paired Wilcoxon signed-rank test and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used to investigate the differences between liver cancer tissue and adjacent tissue. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the expression level of the NCEH1 gene in human hepatoma SMMC-7721, Bel-7402, HepG2, and Hep3B cells and normal human HL7702 liver cells. The lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique was used to establish a human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cell line with NCEH1 gene knockdown, and the cells were divided into NCEH1 knockdown group (KD group) and negative control group (NC group); quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the knockdown efficiency of the NCEH1 gene, and then MTT assay, flow cytometry with Annexin V-APC single staining, wound healing assay, Transwell assay, and Transwell chamber invasion assay were used to measure the proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis, and invasion abilities of SMMC-7721 cells in both groups. The t-test was used for statistical analysis of data between the two groups. ResultsThe mean expression level of the NCEH1 gene in liver cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissue (specimens from our hospital: Z=2.263, P=0.024; ICGC database: U=18 768, P<0.001). SMMC-7721 cell line with moderate potential of invasion and metastasis had the highest expression level of the NCEH1 gene, followed by BEL-7402 and HepG2 cell lines with low potential of invasion and metastasis, and Hep3B cell line without the potential of invasion and metastasis had the lowest expression level. The KD group had a significantly lower expression level of the NCEH1 gene than the NC group (t=11.578, P=0000 3), and the knockdown efficiency of the NCEH1 gene was as high as 74.0%. Compared with the NC group, the KD group had a significant reduction in cell growth rate, a significant increase in apoptosis rate, and significant reductions in migration rate and the number of metastatic and invasive cells (t=32.100, 27.303, 9.51, 38.123, and 22.331, all P<0.001). Conclusion There is a significant increase in the expression of the NCEH1 gene in liver cancer tissue and cell lines, and the NCEH1 gene can promote the growth, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of hepatoma cells and inhibit their apoptosis, suggesting that it may be a potential therapeutic target for liver cancer.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874206

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The current meta-analysis combining mid and low rectal cancer with no meta-analysis only for low rectal cancer was seen. This meta-analysis was to compare the short- and mid-term outcomes of the transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) vs. laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LaTME) for low rectal cancer. @*Methods@#A systematic literature search was conducted using the web-based databases; China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese BioMedical Database, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Wanfang Database. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were evaluated using the Jadad scale and non-RCTs (NRCs) were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. @*Results@#Ten studies (2 RCTs and 8 NRCs) involving 772 patients were included. Among them, 378 patients underwent TaTME and 394 patients underwent LaTME. Compared with the LaTME group, the conversion rate was low (risk ratio [RR], 0.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.11–0.54; P 0.05). @*Conclusion@#The TaTME is a promising surgical technique and is fully a safe and efficacious option in managing low rectal cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873555

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the current situation of financing in disease control and prevention constitutions in China, to identify existing problems, to explore potential reasons, and to make policy recommendations accordingly. Methods Financial related indicators, including revenue and expense of disease control and prevention institutions, were collected through questionnaire survey. Moreover, some disease control and prevention institutions were selected for on-site survey. Results The proportion of public health institutions in the Total Health Expenditure had fallen from 7.0% in 2014 to 5.6% in 2018. The proportion of financial compensation in the operation of disease control and prevention institutions was less than 50%. The gap between revenue and expenditure had not been covered completely after the cancellation of three categories of administrative charges. In addition, financing mechanism of public health service funds remained unclear. Conclusion We recommend the strategies, including optimizing financing structure, increasing investment in disease control and prevention, increasing the level of financial guarantee, improving the mechanism of public health service funds, and multi-channel financing.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879052

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC) injured with hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2). HUVEC injured with H_2O_2 were divided into 6 groups, namely blank group, model group, ginsenoside(TGG) group, total glucosides of Moutan Cortex(TGM) group, paeonol(P) group and TGG+TGM+P group. After 24 hours of co-culture with H_2O_2, the activities of succinate dehydrogenase(SDH) and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP were detected by microenzyme labeling. The apoptosis rate, intracellular Ca~(2+) concentration, reactive oxygen species(ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential(JC-1) were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2, cytochrome C, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that H_2O_2 could significantly damage HUVEC, decrease the activity of SDH and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP(P<0.01), while could increase the apoptosis+necrosis rate, JC-1 decline rate, ROS increase rate and Ca~(2+) concentration increase rate(P<0.01). Serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex could increase the activities of SDH and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP to different degrees, decrease the apoptosis+necrosis rate, JC-1 decline rate, ROS increase rate and Ca~(2+) concentration increase rate(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and down-regulate the protein expressions of Bax, caspase-3, caspase-9, cytochrome C, and up-regulate the protein expression of Bcl-2. The results showed that serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex has a protective effect on vascular endothelial cell injury induced by ROS, and its mechanism may be related to the improvement of mitochondrial function and the inhibition of the activation of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Paeonia , Panax , Reactive Oxygen Species
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the application value of a modified retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle in the resection of benign parotid gland tumors.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight patients with benign parotid gland tumors were retrospectively analyzed: 19 cases were included in the experimental group with an improved retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle, and 29 cases were assigned in the control group with a modified facelift incision. Operation time, postoperative drainage, postoperative esthetic degree, and incidence of facial nerve paralysis, salivary fistula, and Frey's syndrome were compared.@*RESULTS@#After the esthetic procedure, the average score of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group, and the esthetic effect of the former was better than that of the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified retroauricular hairline incision and sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle can be applied to resect benign parotid gland tumors safely. It shows a better cosmetic effect and does not cause obvious postoperative complications. Therefore, it should be promoted for tumor treatments.


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of weight growth velocity in the early stage after birth on the neurodevelopment of preterm infants at the corrected age of 12 months.@*METHODS@#Related data were collected from the preterm infants who were discharged from the Department of Neonatology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, from July 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 and were followed up at the outpatient service of high-risk infants. According to the weight growth velocity from birth to the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks, the infants were divided into two groups: low velocity [< 10 g/(kg·d); @*RESULTS@#At the corrected age of 12 months, the low velocity group had a significantly lower score of fine motor (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The weight growth velocity from birth to the corrected age of 40 weeks affects the development of fine motor and language in preterm infants at the corrected age of 12 months; however it needs to be further verified by large-sample studies.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Patient Discharge
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868395

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the dosimetric differences of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans optimized with 3 different fluence smoothing parameters using Monaco treatment planning system.Methods A total of 15 patients with middle and upper esophageal carcinoma were planned with Low fluence smoothing (Low),Medium fluence smoothing (Medium) and High fluence smoothing (High) during VMAT optimization.The dosimetric differences in D95,D conformity index (CI),homogeneity index (HI) of targets,dose volume histogram (DVH) of organs at risk (OARs),and monitor unit (MU) were compared.Results There were no significant differences in D95,D CI and HI of targets,as well as in V40 and D of the heart,V10,V20 and D of the lung,and segment number among plans optimized with different fluence smoothing techniques (P>0.05).Plans with high fluence smoothing achieved less V30 of heart,Dmax of cord PRV (t=-2.167,-0.999,P<0.05),lower MU (t=-3.148,-6.692,P<O.05),but increased V5 of both lungs (t=1.306,-2.027,P<O.05)compared with plans with Medium and Low fluence smoothing.Plans with low fluence smoothing irradiated higher dose to the V30 and D to heart (t=O.411,0.589,0.013,P<0.05),but less V5 of the lungs (t=O.423,P<0.05) compared with plans with medium fluence smoothing.Conclusions All VMAT plans with 3 different fluence smoothing can meet the clinical requirements.VMAT plans optimized with high fluence smoothing are recommended in the treatment of patients middle and upper thoracic esophageal carcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 622-625, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features and diagnosis of coexistence of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and Beh?et's disease associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS).Methods:We analyzed a case of coexistence of ankylosing spondylitis and Beh?et's disease associated with APS in Seventh Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital in 2016, and the related literature were reviewed.Results:A 26-year-old male patient suffered from inflammatory low back pain, arthralgia and iritis. A His CT imaging revealed bilateral grade Ⅱ of bilateral sacroiliac arthritis. He was diagnosed as AS. He also had recurrent oral ulceration, iritis, vascular disorders and positive acupuncture pathergy test. He was diagnosed as Beh?et's disease. He suffered from recurrentpeated venous thrombosis. Laboratory tests revealed positive antiphospholipid antibodies. He was diagnosed as secondary APS complicated with Beh?et's disease. After he was treated with of glucocorticosteroid, cyclophosphamide, adalimumab and dabigatran, his condition improved significantly.Conclusion:There are some cases reported of AS with Beh?et's disease, or Beh?et's disease with APS, or AS with APS. The relationship between them is complex. The possibility of coexistence of AS and Beh?et's disease and APS should not be ignored, in order to avoid misdiagnosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847350

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine has proposed the theory that “treatment for flaccidity aims at Yangming meridian” in the Internal Canon of Medicine. However, relatively few reports focus on electroacupuncture at the Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming for the treatment of spinal cord injury. From the perspectives of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2 expression, the mechanism of electroacupuncture intervention at the Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming for the treatment of spinal cord injury was preliminarily explored in this study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in injured segments of spinal cord injury rats. METHODS: Sixty-four Sprague-Dawley female rats (SPF level) were randomly divided into four groups: control group, pre-labeling group, post-injury labeling group and electroacupuncture group, with 16 rats in each group. The control group and the pre-labeling group were given intraperitoneal injection of Brdu (5 mg/kg) for 10 continuous days prior to the operation to label the cells that had differentiation ability and vitality in the spinal cord. The control group underwent laminectomy at T10 segment on the 11th day of labeling, while a model of spinal cord injury was induced by the clamp method in the pre-labeling group. The post-injury labeling group and the electroacupuncture group were injected intraperitoneally with BrdU (5 mg/kg) for 10 continuous days to mark the activated and proliferated cells. In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture stimulation was done at Zusanli and Futu acupoints of Foot-Yangming Stomach Meridian on the 3rd day after modeling, 5 times a week. Four rats were taken from each group at 3, 10, 17, and 24 days after modeling (0, 7, 14, and 21 days after electroacupuncture stimulation). Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan scores were used to evaluate the motor function, and the expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 protein and gene in the spinal cord were detected using qRT-PCR and western blot. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: At 3-24 days after surgery, the neurological scores in the pre-labeling group, post-injury labeling group, and electroacupuncture group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The neurological scores of the electroacpuncture group were significantly higher than those in the pre-labeling group and post-injury labeling group (P < 0.05). With the prolongation of spinal cord injury time, the mRNA and protein expressions of Bax increased first and then decreased, while the mRNA and protein expression of Bcl-2 decreased first and then increased. The ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 decreased gradually with the lapse of electroacupuncture intervention time. To conclude, electroacupuncture stimulation of the Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming can reduce apoptosis of nerve cells, and promote recovery of motor function in spinal cord injury rats by regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1039-1043, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827703

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#A patient's infectivity is determined by the presence of the virus in different body fluids, secretions, and excreta. The persistence and clearance of viral RNA from different specimens of patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) remain unclear. This study analyzed the clearance time and factors influencing 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) RNA in different samples from patients with COVID-19, providing further evidence to improve the management of patients during convalescence.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and laboratory test results of convalescent patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to from January 20, 2020 to February 10, 2020 were collected retrospectively. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results for patients' oropharyngeal swab, stool, urine, and serum samples were collected and analyzed. Convalescent patients refer to recovered non-febrile patients without respiratory symptoms who had two successive (minimum 24 h sampling interval) negative RT-PCR results for viral RNA from oropharyngeal swabs. The effects of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T lymphocytes, inflammatory indicators, and glucocorticoid treatment on viral nucleic acid clearance were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the 292 confirmed cases, 66 patients recovered after treatment and were included in our study. In total, 28 (42.4%) women and 38 men (57.6%) with a median age of 44.0 (34.0-62.0) years were analyzed. After in-hospital treatment, patients' inflammatory indicators decreased with improved clinical condition. The median time from the onset of symptoms to first negative RT-PCR results for oropharyngeal swabs in convalescent patients was 9.5 (6.0-11.0) days. By February 10, 2020, 11 convalescent patients (16.7%) still tested positive for viral RNA from stool specimens and the other 55 patients' stool specimens were negative for 2019-nCoV following a median duration of 11.0 (9.0-16.0) days after symptom onset. Among these 55 patients, 43 had a longer duration until stool specimens were negative for viral RNA than for throat swabs, with a median delay of 2.0 (1.0-4.0) days. Results for only four (6.9%) urine samples were positive for viral nucleic acid out of 58 cases; viral RNA was still present in three patients' urine specimens after throat swabs were negative. Using a multiple linear regression model (F = 2.669, P = 0.044, and adjusted R = 0.122), the analysis showed that the CD4+ T lymphocyte count may help predict the duration of viral RNA detection in patients' stools (t = -2.699, P = 0.010). The duration of viral RNA detection from oropharyngeal swabs and fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (15 days vs. 8.0 days, respectively; t = 2.550, P = 0.013) and the duration of viral RNA detection in fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (20 days vs. 11 days, respectively; t = 4.631, P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In brief, as the clearance of viral RNA in patients' stools was delayed compared to that in oropharyngeal swabs, it is important to identify viral RNA in feces during convalescence. Because of the delayed clearance of viral RNA in the glucocorticoid treatment group, glucocorticoids are not recommended in the treatment of COVID-19, especially for mild disease. The duration of RNA detection may relate to host cell immunity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus , Genetics , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Genetics , Rehabilitation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Genetics , Rehabilitation , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1276-1284, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Imprecise interpretation of coronary angiograms was reported and resulted in inappropriate revascularization. Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score is a comprehensive system to evaluate the complexity of the overall lesions. We hypothesized that a real-time SYNTAX score feedback from image analysts may rectify the mis-estimation and improve revascularization appropriateness in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).@*METHODS@#In this single-center, historical control study, patients with stable CAD with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50% were consecutively recruited. During the control period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by treating cardiologists. During the intervention period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by image analysts immediately after coronary angiography and were provided to cardiologists in real-time to aid decision-making. The primary outcome was revascularization deemed inappropriate by Chinese appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3245 patients were enrolled and assigned to the control group (08/2016-03/2017, n = 1525) or the intervention group (03/2017-09/2017, n = 1720). For SYNTAX score tertiles, 17.9% patients were overestimated and 4.3% were underestimated by cardiologists in the control group. After adjustment, inappropriate revascularization significantly decreased in the intervention group compared with the control group (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-0.95; P = 0.007). Both inappropriate percutaneous coronary intervention (adjusted OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.74-0.92; P < 0.001) and percutaneous coronary intervention utilization (adjusted OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.79-0.98; P = 0.016) decreased significantly in the intervention group. There was no significant difference in 1-year adverse cardiac events between the control group and the intervention group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Real-time SYNTAX score feedback significantly reduced inappropriate coronary revascularization in stable patients with CAD.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Nos. NCT03068858 and NCT02880605; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827513

ABSTRACT

Osteonecrosis of the jaw could occur after intake of bisphosphonate drugs, which are widely used to treat osteoporosis and bone metastasis of malignant tumors. This effect has aroused concern among dentists. In this paper, a case of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis caused by implant is reported, and the pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bisphosphonate drug-induced osteonecrosis are described through a literature review. The effects of bisphosphonate drug treatment on dental implants are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Dental Implants , Diphosphonates , Humans , Osteoporosis
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