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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application status and problems of clinical decision support system(CDSS) in medical institutions in China, and put forward corresponding suggestions.Methods:From April to May in 2020, a questionnaire survey was conducted in 1 013 medical institutions in 31 provinces of China. The contents of the questionnaire included the current situation of CDSS installation and deployment, the purpose of establishment, the source of knowledge base, the content to be optimized and the factors hindering the use.Results:199(19.64%) medical institutions had CDSS, among which 123 were used in the whole hospital and 76 in some departments; 426 medical institutions did not use CDSS, but had plans to use it. It was found that the current CDSS system had setbacks, such as big cognitive difference, lack of authority in knowledge, high difficulty in data governance, lack of industry standards and so on.Conclusions:In the future, the standardized use of CDSS in medical institutions could be promoted from the aspects of raising awareness, establishing knowledge authority and establishing standards.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 190-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872624

ABSTRACT

Fatigue is a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We examined the relationship between T2DM fatigue and the skeletal muscle 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system. In animal experiments, a T2DM model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The mice were treated with the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and the 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) (separately and in combination). In cell culture experiments, C2C12 cells were stimulated with D-glucose, palmitic acid or 5-HT. 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis and 5-HT degradation were inhibited by SH, CDP, or monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor. The animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The results showed that 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthase and MAO-A were expressed in mouse skeletal muscle and C2C12 cells. The expression of these proteins was significantly up-regulated in T2DM mice or when C2C12 cells were exposed to palmitic acid and D-glucose; palmitic acid was a stronger stimulant of their expression than D-glucose. Rotating rod experiments and biochemical index tests have shown that T2DM fatigue is associated with an increase in skeletal muscle 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis and 5-HT degradation. 5-HT2AR mediates the expression of MAO-A and the synthesis of 5-HT, which indirectly regulates the degradation of 5-HT. MAO-A regulates cell inflammation, mitochondrial ROS production and membrane potential depolarization by mediating 5-HT degradation. MAO-A also inhibits the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1) and ATP synthase-6 (ATP6), thus inhibiting mitochondrial functions such as fatty acid β oxidation and ATP synthesis. SH and CDP can effectively treat T2DM fatigue, and can also reduce blood glucose and blood lipid, and the combination of SH and CDP has a clear synergistic effect.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect and the mechanism of Danggui Shaoyaosan(DSS) on angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ)/transient receptor potential cation channel 6 (TRPC6) pathway in nephrotic syndrome (NS) rats. Method:In animal experiments, doxorubicin (4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> for the 1<sup>st</sup> week and 2 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> for the 2<sup>nd</sup> week) was injected twice to the tail vein of rats to induce NS model in 160 rats, which were then randomly divided into model group (normal saline), losartan group (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and low-(4.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), medium-(8.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (17.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) DSS groups. Besides, a normal group was also set. After intervention for four weeks, ultrastructure changes of the kidney were identified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The 24-hour urine protein was detected by kits. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect the content of AngⅡ and Calcineurin (CaN) in plasma. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TRPC6, angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor (AT1R), podocyte slit diaphragm-specific protein (Nephrin), and cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) in the renal cortex. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TRPC6 and AT1R in the slit diaphragm. In cell experiments, AngⅡ stimulated MPC5 podocytes. The cells were randomly divided into a normal group, an AngⅡ group, an AngⅡ+SAR7334 (TRPC6-specific inhibitor) group, an AngⅡ+5%DSS group, an AngⅡ+10%DSS group, and an AngⅡ+15%DSS group. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TRPC6, AT1R, Nephrin, and Caspase-3 in podocytes. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed increased 24-hour urine protein content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and AngⅡ and CaN in plasma (<italic>P</italic><0.01), incomplete glomerular structure, the extensive fusion of podocyte process with elevated fusion rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased expression distribution of AT1R and TRPC6 in the renal cortex, and up-regulated protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6, and Caspase-3 in renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and reduced Nephrin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, the losartan group and the high-dose DSS group exhibited decreased 24-hour urine protein content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and the content of AngⅡ and CaN in plasma (<italic>P</italic><0.01), improved glomerular structure, reduced fusion rate of podocyte process (<italic>P</italic><0.01), diminished expression distribution of TRPC6 and AT1R in the renal cortex, declining protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6 and Caspase-3 in renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated Nephrin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, compared with the normal podocytes, AngⅡ-stimulated podocytes showed increased protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6 and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and decreased expression of Nephrin (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the AngⅡ group, the AngⅡ+SAR7334 group displayed reduced protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6, and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased protein expression of Nephrin (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:DSS can improve the pathological characteristics of NS presumedly by inhibiting the interaction between AngⅡ and TRPC6 in podocytes and improving the structural integrity of podocytes to repair the damage of glomerular molecular barrier and slow down the progression of NS-induced proteinuria.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888440

ABSTRACT

Although localized prostate cancer (PCa) can be cured by prostatectomy and radiotherapy, the development of effective therapeutic approaches for advanced prostate cancer, including castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) and neuroendocrine PCa (NEPC), is lagging far behind. Identifying a novel prognostic and diagnostic biomarker for early diagnosis and intervention is an urgent clinical need. Here, we report that apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), the major component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), is upregulated in PCa based on both bioinformatics and experimental evidence. The fact that advanced PCa shows strong ApoA-I expression reflects its potential role in driving therapeutic resistance and disease progression by reprogramming the lipid metabolic network of tumor cells. Molecularly, ApoA-I is regulated by MYC, a frequently amplified oncogene in late-stage PCa. Altogether, our findings have revealed a novel indicator to predict prognosis and recurrence, which would benefit patients who are prone to progress to metastasis or even NEPC, which is the lethal subtype of PCa.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888181

ABSTRACT

The 95% ethanol extract of Baphicacanthis Cusiae Rhizoma et Radix was purified by multi-chromatographic methods including microporous resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and C_(18) reversed-phase column chromatography. Fourteen compounds were isolated and structurally identified, including five phenylethanoid glycosides, five phenylpropanoids, one lupinane triterpene, two alkaloids, and one flavonoid, listed as follows: 2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxo-1-propanol B(1), threo-2,3-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzene)-3-methoxypropanol(2), 2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-ethanol-1-O-[3,4-O-di-acetyl-(1→3)-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside(3), verbascoside(4), 2″,3″-di-O-acetyl martynoside(5),(+)-pinore-sinol(6), diospyrosin(7), daidzein(8), wiedemannioside B(9), buddlenol A(10), 2″-O-acetyl martyonside(11), lupeol(12), indirubin(13), and tryptanthrin(14). Compound 3 was a new phenylethanoid glycoside, and the other 10 compounds were isolated for the first time from Baphicacanthis Cusiae Rhizoma et Radix except compounds 12, 13, and 14.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Glycosides , Flavonoids , Glycosides , Molecular Structure , Phenylethyl Alcohol , Rhizome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888133

ABSTRACT

The Solanaceae plants distributed in China belong to 105 species and 35 varietas of 24 genera. Some medicinal plants of Solanaceae are rich in tropane alkaloids(TAs), which have significant pharmacological activities. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, pharmacological activities, and biosynthetic pathways of TAs in Solanaceous plants were summarized. Besides, the phylogeny of medicinal plants belonging to Solanaceae was visualized by network diagram. Fourteen genera of Solanaceae plants in China contain TAs and have medical records. TAs mainly exist in Datura, Anisodus, Atropa, Physochlaina, and Hyoscyamus. The TAs-containing species were mainly concentrated in Southwest China, and the content of TAs was closely related to plant distribution area and altitude. The Solanaceae plants containing TAs mainly have antispasmodic, analgesic, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effects. Modern pharmacological studies have proved the central sedative, pupil dilating, glandular secretion-inhibiting, and anti-asthma activities of TAs. These pharmacological activities provide a reasonable explanation for the traditional therapeutic efficacy of tropane drugs. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, and modern pharmacological activities of TAs-containing species in Solanaceae were analyzed for the first time. Based on these data, the genetic relationship of TAs-containing Solanaceae species was preliminarily discussed, which provided a scientific basis for the basic research on TAs-containing solanaceous species and was of great significance for the development of natural medicinal plant resources containing TAs.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae/genetics , Tropanes
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2133-2138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To dev elop and apply a parenteral nutrition prescription decision support system for medical institutions and provide theoretical basis for improving clinical parenteral nutrition precision treatment. METHODS :Based on the review points of parenteral nutrition prescription ,the parenteral nutrition prescription decision support system was designed ;the function points and prescription review logic of each module of the system were discussed ,and the system was also used to review 100 pieces of clinical parenteral nutrition prescriptions. RESULTS :Information-based parenteral nutrition prescription decision support system included evaluation index management module ,drug management module ,index knowledge management module , index calculation and evaluation module ,feedback and tracking module. The logic of parenteral nutrition prescription review were based on the evaluation indexes ,and rationality knowledge base ,safety knowledge base and drug attribute base were constructed. Based on the above knowledge bases ,patient information and prescription information call and calculation ,the evaluation result set of safety and rationality of the prescription was finally formed. Based on this design concept ,the parenteral nutrition prescription decision support system realized the automatic review and warning of various indicators in TNA prescription ,and can quickly and efficiently review the safety and rationality of parenteral nutrition prescription. Through manual judgment ,the audit results of 100 prescriptions by the system were all correct. CONCLUSIONS :The basis of parenteral nutrition prescription review is the formulation of evaluation indexes ,and the technical difficulty lies in considering the individuality and rationality as well as the safety and stability of parenteral nutrition solution at the same time. The application of a well-structured information system will promote the precise and reasonable medication of parenteral nutrition and improve work efficiency of medical personnel.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 184-190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the use of internet-based continuous visual recognition task (MemTrax test, MTX) as a rapid screening tool for amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI).Methods:Sixty-four patients with aMCI and 64 individuals with normal cognition as healthy controls were enrolled respectively from Department of Neurology and Health Examination Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from August 2018 to December 2019. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale and MTX were adopted to assess the cognitive function of all subjects. The total adjusted MoCA scale score, correct rate of MTX, reaction time of MTX and MTX score were obtained and statistically analyzed.Results:The adjusted MoCA scale scores of aMCI patients and healthy controls were 19 (14, 24) and 26 (24, 27; Z=6.795), the correct rate of MTX of aMCI patients and healthy controls were 74% (60%, 80%) and 88% (84%, 94%; Z=8.359), and the MTX score of aMCI patients and healthy controls were 51.11±14.07 and 70.56±14.91 ( t=7.590), respectively, all with statistically significant difference ( P<0.001). Reaction time of MTX of aMCI patients and healthy controls was 1.401 (1.253, 1.590) s and 1.277 (1.163, 1.410) s, respectively ( Z=3.083, P<0.01). After adjustment for age, physical or mental occupation, exercise, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, stroke, sleep time, as well as smoke, the linear regression showed that the aMCI patients had a significant decrease of adjusted MoCA score, correct rate of MTX and MTX score ( P<0.001), and an extension of reaction time of MTX ( P=0.071), compared with the controls. By MTX and MoCA scale assessment, the best cutoff value was 81% for correct rate of MTX and 23 for adjusted MoCA scale score respectively for the prediction of aMCI (with sensitivity of 79.7%, 93.8% respectively, and specificity of 68.8%, 82.8% respectively). The area under the curve (AUC) of correct rate of MTX was 0.93 (95% CI 0.89-0.97, P<0.001), and the AUC of adjusted MoCA score was 0.85 (95% CI 0.78-0.91, P<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in paired comparison of the two AUCs (χ2=4.620, P<0.05). Conclusion:MTX acts better for the detection of aMCI than MoCA scale, and correct rate of MTX<81% can be considered as the existence of MCI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after closed fracture of lower extremity between patients with different blood types ABO.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 1, 951 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for lower extremity fractures from August 2014 to June 2018. They were 924 males and 1,027 females with a mean age of 63 (46, 78) years (range, from 16 to 102 years). Of them, 572 were type O, 564 type A, 609 type B and 206 type AB. Venous ultrasonography was performed on both lower extremities within 12 hours after admission. The incidences of DVT after fracture were compared between different blood types in all the patients, patients with proximal fracture of the knee, peri-knee fracture and distal fracture of the knee, and patients<60 years old and ≥60 years old.Results:The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 26.75% (153/572), 28.72% (162/564), 34.32% (209/609) and 29.61% (61/206) for patients with blood type O, type A, type B and type AB. The DVT incidence for type B was significantly higher than that for type O ( P< 0.008). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 28.74% (98/341), 28.99% (100/345), 39.45% (144/365) and 30.97% (35/113) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). There were no significant differences in the DVT incidence between different blood types ABO in the patients with peri-knee fracture, distal fracture of the knee,<60 years old or ≥60 years old( P>0.05). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 30.99% (97/313), 33.33% (108/324), 45.22% (156/345), 34.74% (33/95) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients ≥60 years old. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). Conclusions:The incidence of DVT varied with different blood types ABO after lower extremity fracture. The highest DVT incidence was found in patients with blood type B. The impact of blood type on the DVT incidence after lower extremity fracture was mainly observed in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee or an age of ≥ 60 years old.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882082

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the drug consumption of the joint logistics support force during field training in Yunnan, summarize the drug use characteristics of medical staff, and analyze the drug use rules, so as to provide the basis for modular drug support. Methods The basic information and drug use of the personnel in an institution of the joint logistics support force during the resident training period from April to June 2020 were collected and sorted out. The drug use indicators were calculated by using the defined daily dose (DDD) as the unit, including: daily drug dose (DDDs), daily drug dose cost (DDDc), drug use intensity (DUI), drug utilization rate (DUR) and drug ranking ratio (R) were used to describe drug use characteristics. Results During the resident training period, the amount of musculoskeletal system drugs was large, and the number of users was large. The dosage of cardiovascular system drugs, digestive system drugs and hormone drugs was large, but the number of users was small. Sensory organ drugs, dermatological drugs, heat-clearing agents (Chinese patent medicine) and respiratory system drugs were small in dosages, but the number of users was large. Ranked by DDDs, the top 3 drugs with the highest dosage were Yunnan Baiyao plaster, Yunnan Baiyao Band-Aid and Loratadine Tablets. Ranked by DDDc, the largest daily cost was Budesonide and Formoterol Fumarate Powder for Inhalation. As age increases, the intensity of drug use increased; The intensity of drug use in women was greater than that in men. The intensity of drug use was different for different categories personnel. Conclusion Musculoskeletal system drugs are important drugs for field training. The task personnel should formulate a list of medicines for basic diseases based on their own medication for basic diseases and the duration of the task, and submit it to the medicinal material guarantee department to ensure the carrying drugs. The factors affecting modular drug support in field training include: task type, region, solar term, duration and personnel composition, etc.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1612-1620, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881562

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemic kidney injury (HKI) is a common complication of diabetic patients. We examined the relationship between HKI and the abnormal expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system induced by hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In animal experiments, a T2DM model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The mice were treated with the 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR) antagonist sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH) and 5-HT synthesis inhibitor carbidopa (CDP) (respectively or in combination). In cell culture experiments, human glomerular mesangial cells (HMC) were stimulated with D-glucose (D-Glu), and 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT degradation were inhibited by SH, CDP, or monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor clorgyline. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and Masson staining, immunohistochemistry and Western blot, fluorescent probe, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and enzyme reagent were respectively used to detect histopathology, protein expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and biochemical indexes. The animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The results showed that 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthases, and MAO-A were expressed in glomerular basement membrane and kidney tubular epithelial cells of mouse kidney and HMC. The expression of these proteins was significantly up-regulated in T2DM mice or when HMC cells were exposed to high concentration of D-Glu. HKI, characterized by abnormal renal function, glomerular swelling, and glomerular basement membrane thickening and fibrosis, is closely associated with an increase in kidney 5-HT2AR, 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT degradation. Among them, 5-HT2AR can mediate the expression of 5-HT synthases and MAO-A; MAO-A can catalyze the degradation of 5-HT to increase the production of mitochondrial ROS, leading to the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) with the production of inflammatory cytokines, and the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) with the production of collagens. SH and CDP can effectively treat HKI, and the combination of SH and CDP has a clear synergistic effect.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 753-758, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of deep venous thrombosis in patients before hip arthroplasty, and to explore the possible causes of postoperative thrombosis.Methods:The clinical data of 361 patients with hip arthroplasty treated in the Department of Orthopaedic Trauma of Xi′an Honghui Hospital from September 2015 to December 2019 were studied retrospectively, including 102 males and 259 females, aged 65 to 94 years, and the average age was 72.25 years old. All fracture patients were given subcutaneous injection of low molecular weight heparin calcium to prevent lower extremity thrombosis. The deep veins of both lower extremities were examined before and after operation. The general data of the two groups of patients were collected and recorded, including age, sex, whether complicated with medical diseases (essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease), serological indexes, time from injury to admission, and time from admission to operation. The software of SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:The incidence of lower limb DVT, before operation was 29.92%, including 26 males (24.07%) and 82 females (75.93%). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes mellitus ( OR=2.127, 95% CI: 1.134-3.989, P=0.019), coronary heart disease ( OR=1.692, 95% CI: 1.056-2.713, P=0.029) and the time from injury to admission ( OR=1.677, 95% CI: 1.037-2.712, P=0.035) were independent risk factors for DVT in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty. The incidence of lower limb DVT, after operation was 46.54%. After operation, proximal thrombus were occurred in 2 cases (1.19%), distal thrombus in 143 cases (85.12%), and mixed thrombus in 23 cases (13.69%). Postoperative thrombus was ipsilateral to the fracture limb in 84 cases (50.00%), thrombus was located in the healthy side of the fracture in 19 cases (11.31%), and DVT occurred in 65 cases (38.69%) in both lower limbs. Conclusions:Delayed admission longed than 48 hours, coronary heart disease and diabetes mellitus are the risk factors for the formation of DVT. The thrombus that existed before operation and did not disappear after operation accounted for 48.81% of the total incidence of postoperative thrombosis, and the new thrombus accounted for 51.19% of the total incidence of postoperative thrombosis. For the elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing hip arthroplasty, ultrasonic examination of both lower limbs should be performed before and after operation to find the changes of thrombus in time and do a good job of prevention and treatment.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829010

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This paper aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and explore the associated risk factors in a very elderly southwest Chinese population.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to June 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to obtain a representative sample of 1,326 participants over 80 years old living in Chengdu. The presence of DM was based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2-hPG) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios ( s) and 95% confidence intervals ( s) of the potential associated factors.@*Results@#The participants' mean age was 83.5 ± 3.1 years. The overall prevalence of DM was 27.4%. The prevalence was higher in males (30.2%) than females (24.7%) ( = 0.02). The prevalence of DM increased with body mass index (BMI) and decreased with aging. The multivariate analysis suggested that male sex ( = 1.433; 95% , 1.116-1.843), hypertension ( = 1.439; 95% , 1.079-1.936), overweight or obesity ( = 1.371; 95% , 1.023-1.834), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min; = 1.362; 95% , 1.063-1.746), and abdominal obesity ( = 1.615; 95% , 1.216-2.149) were all significantly positively correlated with DM. However, age was negatively correlated with DM ( = 0.952; 95% , 0.916-0.989).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of DM and newly diagnosed DM in a very elderly southwest Chinese population was high. OGTT screening should be performed regularly in people aged ≥ 80 years to ensure timely diagnosis of DM.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828358

ABSTRACT

Mongolian medicine is an indispensable part in developing traditional Mongolian medicine. This study is aimed to provide a basis for the formulation of clinical and Mongolian medicinal materials standards by clarifying the original plant and species collation of Mongolia medicine of "saradma". Mongolian herbal medicine, as an important part of Mongolian medicine, is needed to study the authentic Mongolian medicine, in order to exert the best therapeutic effect in the application. The Mongolian medicine of "saradma" is a kind of medicinal material for diuresis, reinforcing kidney, and eliminating edema, for which comes from the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and other parts of medicinal plant. The ancient books of Mongolian medicine are the most important reference the research of Mongolian medicine varieties. This review adopts the method of inductive comparison of ancient books in order to summarize the conclusion of Mongolian medicine of "saradma". According to the investigations, Mongolian medicine of "saradma" type is mainly Leguminosae plant, Oxytropis latibracteata, Hedysarum multijugum, Thermopsis barbata, Astragalus membranaceus, Vicia amoena, O. caerulea, Astragalus bhotanensis, Hedysarum sikkimense. Compared with modern works, it is found that the drug has a wide range of resources distribution and application. It can be used for the treatment of cold edema, hot edema, nephrogenic edema, edema, swelling and likes caused by different diseases. Based on the research of Mongolian medicine of "saradma" varieties, it was found that the most commonly used varieties in Inner Mongolia were cayan saradma, xara saradam and sira saradma all of which are all top-grade drugs that reduce swelling.


Subject(s)
Books , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828357

ABSTRACT

This paper explores Mongolian medicine processing methods and the use regularity of excipient by text mining techniques. Relevant books of Mongolian medicine processing were consulted to collect data on Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and select data based on processing methods and excipient noun frequency statistics. Microsoft Excel 2010 software was used for statistical analysis and mining for the usage regularity of different types of Mongolian medicinal materials in different periods. And Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used for visual presentation. The topological analysis showed the top five processing methods were net production, development, frying, calcining and cooking, and the top five processing excipient were fresh milk, wine, urine, cream and mineral borax. Frequency analysis showed that the plant medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th) and 21~(st) centuries, especially in the 21 st century; the processing methods mostly contained water processing, repair processing and other methods. The mineral medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries; most of the processing methods were the fire processing method. The animal medicinal materials were recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) century; the fire processing method occupied a major position, and the repair processing and the grinding processing were markedly increased in the 21~(st) century. In the use of excipient, liquid excipient were mostly used in plant medicines. Solid excipient were most commonly used in the 18~(th) century. Animal excipient were mostly used during the processing in the 18~(th) century. The use of liquid excipient gradually increased in the 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries. This study summarizes the traditional processing methods of Mongolian medicine and the usage regularity of excipient, defines the characteristics of Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and the characteristics of the combination of medicinal materials and excipient, so as to provide reference for the clinical use of Mongolian medicine.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Excipients , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Records , Software
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801797

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the model with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnancy by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and traditional indicators. Method: The forty rats were divided into blank group and model group, with 20 rats in each group. The rats in the blank group were fed with normal feed, the rats in model group were prepared with the spleen deficiency and dampness stagnancy model for 14 days. Observe the general condition of the rats, measure the water content of the feces in the dry method, measure the water load index by weighing method, and detect the urinary D-xylose excretion total protein (TP), albumin (Alb) content, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot analysis of renal aquaporin 1 (AQP1) content, and the use of experimental animal body composition analyzer to determine the total water content (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), intracellular fluid (ICF), fat mass (FM), free fat mass (FFM) and body mass bioelectrical impedance index such as body mass index (BMI). Result: Compared with blank group, the rats in model group lost weight, gradually loose stools occasionally, the anus temperature was basically unchanged, body mass, D-xylose excretion, water load index, TP and Alb content decreased (PPPConclusion: Rats with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnancy induced a combination of factors such as diet and excessive fatigue. The bioelectrical impedance method can be more intuitive and comprehensive.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799995

ABSTRACT

The open access of electronic health record(EHR) is an important link to promote the construction and application of EHR. Starting with the definition of open data of EHR, the authors discussed the content and form of open data of electronic health records, summarized the advanced experiences of countries with higher openness of EHR in the United States, the United Kingdom and Denmark. This paper combined the current situation that the opening of EHR in China is limited within data access instead of data utilization. It also pointed out such problems in the opening of EHR in China, as unclear data ownership, weak health awareness of residents and lack of unified construction standards.From the point of view of the state and medical institutions, this paper put forward a series of policy suggestions, such as issuing standards to standardize the opening of EHR, implementing patient real-name certification, realizing the overall opening of regional platforms, and linking the scope of application and supervision with the content of data opening.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the expression of phosphorylated myosin light chain Ⅱ(p-MLCⅡ)and myosin light chain Ⅱ(MLCⅡ)protein in rat hepatic stellate cells HSC-T6 and explore the intervention effect of Danggui Shaoyao San(DSS)drug-containing serum. Method:After HSC-T6 cells were seeded, DMEM and blank rat serum with final concentrations of 2.5%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% were added to each well. The viability of HSC-T6 cells was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay to screen the suitable serum concentration range. The cells were divided into blank serum control group (5%, 10%, 15%) and DSS drug-containing serum group (5%, 10%, 15%). ELISA was used to detect the content of ET-1 in cell culture supernatant under basic state. The cells were divided into blank serum control group (10%), DSS drug-containing serum low (5%), medium (10%) and high dose (15%) groups. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the level of ET-1 mRNA in cell culture supernatant under basic state. The cells were divided into blank serum control group (10%), model group (10%), DSS drug-containing serum low (5%), medium (10%), high dose (15%) groups and Y-27632 inhibitor group (100 μmol·L-1). Except the blank serum control group, the other groups all received 10 nmol·L-1 ET-1 to induce HSC-T6 cells. Western blot was used to detect the expression of p-MLCⅡ and MLCⅡ in HSC-T6 cells induced by ET-1. Result:Serum concentrations of 5%, 10% and 15% were used as drug-containing serum concentrations. As compared with the blank serum control group, the DSS drug-containing serum group significantly reduced the relative content of ET-1 and ET-1 mRNA in the basic state (PPPPPConclusion:DSS drug-containing serum may down-regulate the expression of p-MLCⅡ and MLCⅡ by down-regulating the content of ET-1 and inhibiting the autocrine of ET-1.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743331

ABSTRACT

Purpose To detect the expression of N-Myc and p53 in the tissues of prostate cancer (PCa) patients and to explore the relationship between them and their significance.Methods A total of 63 patients with PCa and 50 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who underwent prostate surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were recruited in 2015-2016. The expression of N-Myc and p53 in pathological tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry of MaxVision method. Results The expression of N-Myc and p53 in PCa tissues was increased (P < 0.05). The expression of N-Myc and p53 in PCa tissues was correlated with bone metastases and TNM stage (P < 0.05), but not related to patient age, preoperative PSA level and other factors (P> 0.05). In addition, the expression of p53 was also correlated with Gleason score.Conclusion The high expression of N-Myc and p53 in PCa may involved in the malignant progression and metastasis of prostate cancer, and it is expected to become a new target for detecting PCa metastasis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical biomechanical principle of brace with stiletto needle therapy for scoliosis.@*METHODS@#Based on design ideas of teasing needle therapy, building an experimental mechanical model was built, seven specimens with scoliosis were chosen, and treated by brace therapy and then added to stiletto needle therapy.@*RESULTS@#The two experimental mechanical model methods could predict load of scoliosis by stiletto needle therapy, and was verified accuracy and effectiveness of model. The degree of initial scoliosis of 7 patients was (59.7±3.37)°, improved to (49.57±2.79)° by correction of brace, and (39.43±1.94)° by correction of brace with stiletto needle therapy, had significant differences(<0.05). Lateral distraction force of thoracolumbar fossa from scoliosis as V, compressive force of scoliosis as T, brace with stiletto needle therapy could save effort for 45% to 46% than that of brace, while running torque Mw and compressive torque Mv could save effort about 45% to 47%, save effort of tension torque MT of muscle and ligament for 52%, and had statistical difference(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Experimental biomechanical model of teasing needle therapy confirmed that the therapy could significantly reduce Cobb angle, improve correction efficiency of brace and beneficial for correction effect. It is an effective treatment for scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Braces , Humans , Needles , Pressure , Scoliosis , Treatment Outcome
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