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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 124-127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862611

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between takeout food consumption and overweight and obesity among college students in Jiangxi Province, and to provide a scientific basis for overweight and obesity prevention and control among college students and standardizing and managing the present situation of takeout food.@*Methods@#From May to June 2018, 2610 college students were randomly selected from a university in Shangrao, Jiangxi Province. The Chi-square and binary Logistic regression were used to analyze the influences of frequency and type of takeout food consumption on overweight and obesity in college students.@*Results@#The prevalence of overweight and obesity among male students (7.7%) was significantly higher than that among female students (4.1%) (χ2=12.02,P<0.01), and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among college students was statistically significant (χ2=12.54, P<0.01). The prevalence of overweight and obesity (8.8%) among college students from relatively wealthy families was higher than that of other groups. College students who ordered takeout and fast food were 1.8 times more overweight and 1.59 times more obese.@*Conclusion@#Regular consumption of takeout food and the type of takeout food, such as "Fast Food Bento", increased the risk of overweight and obesity. Improved healthy takeout food awareness and appropriate practices should be strengthened.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878976

ABSTRACT

Breast tumor has become one of the malignant tumors with the highest incidence, and is a serious threat to human health, especially to women. Chemotherapy is an important anti-breast tumor therapy, which can be used in almost every stage of breast tumor therapy alone or in the combination with surgery and radiation therapy. Alkaloids are a kind of ubiquitous natural products, and important active components of various medicinal plants. A large number of studies have shown that alkaloids could exert an anti-breast tumor effect by inhibiting proliferation, metastasis and angiogenesis, resisting mitosis, promoting apoptosis and autophagy, and triggering cell cycle arrest. The extensive anti-breast tumor effect makes alkaloids an important candidate drug source. This paper reviews the anti-breast tumor mechanism of natural products of alkaloids.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of wheat grain moxibustion and warming acupuncture on chronic superficial gastritis of spleen-stomach deficiency and cold.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 patients with chronic superficial gastritis of spleen-stomach deficiency and cold were randomly divided into a wheat grain moxibustion group (100 cases, 13 cases dropped off ) and a warming acupuncture group (100 cases, 16 cases dropped off ). The acupoints of Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Qihai (CV 6), Liangqiu (ST 34) and Zusanli (ST 36) were selected in both groups. The patients in the wheat grain moxibustion group were treated with wheat grain moxibustion, and 5 cone were given on every acupoint each time. Moxibustion was performed after acupuncture in the warming acupuncture group, and 3 cone each acupoint. Both groups were treated every other day for 15 times. The scores of clinical symptoms and signs, scores of physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of quality of life in the two groups were recorded before and after treatment and during follow-up 1 month after treatment, and the clinical effects of the two groups were evaluated after treatment and during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and during follow-up, the scores of clinical symptoms and signs of the two groups were lower than before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The wheat grain moxibustion can effectively improve the clinical symptoms, signs and quality of life in patients with chronic superficial gastritis of spleen-stomach deficiency and cold, and its long-term effect is better than warming acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Spleen , Stomach , Triticum
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873707

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the changes of the flow parameters before and after the anastomotic port exploration and dredging during coronary artery bypass grafting by using the transit time flow measurement (TTFM). Methods    A total of 167 patients who underwent continuous coronary artery bypass grafting and anastomotic port exploration and dredging surgery in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from 2018 to 2019 were enrolled in this study. There were 136 male and 31 female patients aged 41-82 (58.35±17.26) years. If the probe entered and exited the anastomotic port smoothly, it was recorded as a non-resistance group; if the resistance existed but the probe could pass and exit, it was recorded as a resistance group; if the probe could not pass the anastomotic port for obvious resistance, it was recorded as the stenosis group. In the stenosis group, the grafts were re-anastomosed and the flow parameters were re-measured by TTFM. Results    A total of 202 anastomotic ports were carried out by exploration and dredging. Among them, 87 anastomosis (43.1%) were in the non-resistance group, and there was no significant change in the blood flow volume (BFV) and pulsatility index (PI) before and after exploration and dredging (6.16±3.41 mL/min vs. 6.18±3.44 mL/min,  P=0.90; 7.06±2.84 vs. 6.96±2.49, P=0.50). Sixty-four anastomosis (31.7%) were in the resistance group, the BFV was higher after exploration and dredging than that before exploration and dredging (17.11±7.52 mL/min vs. 4.96±3.32 mL/min, P<0.01), while the PI was significantly smaller (3.78±2.20 vs. 8.58±2.97, P<0.01). Fifty-one anastomosis (25.2%) were in the stenosis group, and there was no significant change in the BFV and PI before and after exploration and dredging (3.44± 1.95 mL/min vs. 3.48±2.11 mL/min, P=0.84; 10.74±4.12 vs. 10.54±4.11, P=0.36). After re-anastomosis, the BFV was higher (16.48±7.67 mL/min, P<0.01) and the PI deceased (3.43±1.39, P<0.01) than that before exploration and dredging. Conclusion    The application of anastomotic exploration and dredging can reduce the occurrence of re-anastomosis, and promptly find and solve the stenosis of the distal coronary artery, improve the poor perfusion of distal coronary, and thus improves the prognosis of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the behavior and eye movement characteristics when processing different emotional faces in college students with different levels of social anxiety.Methods:According to the scores of Liebowitz social anxiety scale, 26 and 27 subjects with high and low social anxiety were selected.The response time and accuracy of the subjects under consistent and inconsistent conditions were measured by the dot probe task.Eye movement data of the subjects were recorded when they viewed angry, disgusting and neutral faces.SPSS 19.0 software was used for repeated measurement analysis of variance.Results:The accuracy rates of the high social anxiety group were (0.97±0.10) and (0.93±0.15) under consistent and inconsistent conditions, and the response time of the high social anxiety group were (660.97±125.38) ms and (687.81±150.90) ms under consistent and inconsistent conditions.High social anxiety subjects showed significant differences in the accuracy and response time under different consistency conditions ( F(1, 51)=15.25, P<0.01 for accuracy, F(1, 51)=7.85, P<0.01 for reaction time), while low social anxiety subjects showed no significant difference(both P>0.05). There were significant differences between the first fixation latency for emotional faces and neutral faces( F(2, 102)=15.01, P<0.01). The total fixation time of emotional face and neutral face was significantly different ( F(2, 102)=4.38, P<0.05). Conclusion:College students with different levels of social anxiety all showed early attentional alertness and attentional disengagement difficulty to emotional faces, but only those with high social anxiety showed attentional bias to emotional faces at the behavioral level.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes and clinical features of chronic suppurative lung disease(CSLD) in children.Methods:We retrospectivly analyzed the primary disease, imaging changes, electronic fiber bronchoscope changes, blood gas analysis, lung function, treatment outcome and other clinical data of CSLD in children hospitalized in our hospital from September 2018 to February 2020.Results:A total of 14 children with CSLD were collected, including six males and eight females, aged (5.9±2.7) years old.Among 14 cases of CSLD, six cases were diagnosed with upper airway cough syndrome, three cases with upper airway cough syndrome and bronchial asthma, two cases with cough variant asthma, and one case with combined immunodeficiency disease.There were different degrees of purulent inflammation under electronic fiber bronchoscopy, and three cases had airway inflammatory stenosis.The lavage fluid suggested neutrophil inflammation.Blood gas analysis was normal in ten cases and hypoxemia in four cases.In seven cases, pulmonary function examination was abnormal in six cases, and one case had emphysema on lung CT examination.After intravenous administration of antibiotics and sequential oral antibiotics, the symptoms of 14 children were relieved.Fourteen cases were followed up for 12 weeks.Among them, 12 cases had complete relief of clinical symptoms, one case had repeated cough with combined immunodeficiency disease, and one case was lost to follow-up.Conclusion:CSLD mostly has primary disease.Electronic fiber bronchoscopy is not only a necessary examination of CSLD, but also one of the important means for treatment.Purulent inflammation of the airways can lead to abnormal obstructive lung.Sufficient course of treatment and standardized use of antibiotics are the key to the treatment for CSLD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of overexpression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 on the proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma U251 cells by suppressing the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1@*METHODS@#The expression of lncRNA MEG3 and HIF1@*RESULTS@#The expression of MEG3 was significantly lower and HIF1@*CONCLUSIONS@#MEG3 overexpression inhibits the proliferation and invasion of U251 cells through suppressing the expression of HIF1


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880707

ABSTRACT

Maintenance of cellular homeostasis and genome integrity is a critical responsibility of DNA double-strand break (DSB) signaling. P53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) plays a critical role in coordinating the DSB repair pathway choice and promotes the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ)-mediated DSB repair pathway that rejoins DSB ends. New insights have been gained into a basic molecular mechanism that is involved in 53BP1 recruitment to the DNA lesion and how 53BP1 then recruits the DNA break-responsive effectors that promote NHEJ-mediated DSB repair while inhibiting homologous recombination (HR) signaling. This review focuses on the up- and downstream pathways of 53BP1 and how 53BP1 promotes NHEJ-mediated DSB repair, which in turn promotes the sensitivity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) in BRCA1-deficient cancers and consequently provides an avenue for improving cancer therapy strategies.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cells cannot survive in the area 200 µm away from nutrients in vitro. Vascular network construction is crucial for thick tissue and organ regeneration in tissue engineering. Coaxial cell printing provides a new way to construct vascular-like channels in vitro. OBJECTIVE: To optimize the coaxial cell printing performance of bioink and to build the tissue-engineered scaffolds with vascular-like structure. METHODS: The aseptic sodium alginate solution was prepared by intermittent pasteurization and then frozen. Freeze-dried powder of aseptic silk fibroin was prepared from degummed silk and sealed. The thawed sodium alginate solution was added to the silk fibroin protein freeze-dried powder and human umbilical vein endothelial cells were added to prepare the bioink. The outer axis of the biological three-dimensional printer was connected with the bioink, and the inner axis was connected with the crosslinking agent. The scaffolds were prepared by coaxial printing, and performed by optical coherence tomography, scanning electron microscopy observation and tensile test. Coaxial scaffolds were made by freeze-preserved sodium alginate solution for 7 days with human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Coaxial scaffolds were also made by freeze-dried sodium alginate solution for 7 days with human umbilical vein endothelial cells and silk fibroin protein sealed for 6 months. The cell survival rate was detected by dead and alive staining after 24 hours of culture in vitro. Vascular-like scaffolds with series and parallel structures were designed and printed. The cell proliferation was detected after 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14 days of culture. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: (1) The optical coherence tomography showed that the maximum printing height of the bioink was 9 layers and the overall thickness was about 4.4 mm. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the outer wall of hollow fiber-filament of vascular-like scaffolds presented irregular strip-shaped crimp with micron-scale internal connected pore structure, while the inner wall of hollow fiber-filament had denser pore structure. (2) The elastic modulus of silk protein freeze-dried scaffold was higher than that of sodium alginate solution (P < 0.05). (3) The cell survival rate of scaffolds treated with sodium alginate solution for 7 days was (86.7±3.4)%, and that of scaffolds treated with silk protein freeze-dried powder for 7 days was (98.1±1.2)%, indicating that the sodium alginate solution freeze- preserved for 7 days was free of bacteria and the shelf-life of silk protein could be up to 6 months. (4) The proliferation activity of cells cultured with parallel structure for 7, 10, and 14 days was higher than that with series structure (P < 0.05). (5) These results imply that the scaffolds have good biocompatibility and mechanical properties.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 198-204, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781622

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previously, dihydroceramide (d18:0/24:0) (dhCer (d18:0/24:0)) was reported to be a potential biomarker for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) prognosis. In this study, we further explored the role of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in the progression of ACLF to validate the biomarker using ACLF rat model.@*METHODS@#ACLF rats were sacrificed at 4 and 8 h post-D-galactosamine (D-gal)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to investigate the liver biochemical markers, prothrombin time and liver histopathology. Change in dhCer and other sphingolipids levels were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Rats were treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) to examine the mortality rate and its role in improving ACLF.@*RESULTS@#LPS/D-gal administration resulted in significant elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. Prothrombin time was prolonged and histopathological examination showed abnormality. HPLC-MS/MS results showed total dhCer levels in ACLF group (64.10 ± 8.90 pmol/100 μL, 64.22 ± 6.78 pmol/100 μL for 4 and 8 h, respectively) were decreased significantly compared with control group (121.61 ± 23.09 pmol/100 μL) (P < 0.05). In particular, dhCer (d18:0/24:0), dhCer (d18:0/20:0), and dhCer (d18:0/22:0) levels were decreased. Treatment with 4-HPR significantly increased the levels of dhCers, including dhCer (d18:0/24:0) compared with ACLF group, for the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in 4-HPR group was 20.10 ± 8.60 pmol/100 μL and the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in ACLF group was 9.74 ± 2.99 pmol/100 μL (P < 0.05). This was associated with reduced mortality rate and prolonged survival time. The ALT and AST in 4-HPR group were significantly decreased compared with ACLF group. The prothrombin time of 4-HPR group (41.49 s) was significantly lower than the prothrombin time of ACLF group (57.96 s) (P < 0.05). 4-HPR also decreased plasma ammonia levels slightly, as the plasma ammonia levels in 4-HPR group and ACLF group were 207.37 ± 60.43, 209.15 ± 60.43 μmol/L, respectively. Further, 4-HPR treatment improved histopathological parameters.@*CONCLUSIONS@#DhCer, especially dhCer (d18:0/24:0), is involved in the progression of ACLF. Increasing the levels of dhCer can reduce the mortality rate of ACLF rats and alleviate liver injury.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 287-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the determination of 8 glycosides(astragaloside Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ and calycosin glucopyranoside ,2′-hydroxy-3′,4′-dimethoxy-isoflavan-glucoside and 9,10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan-glucoside) and 4 aglycones(calycosin,formononetin,7,2′-dihydroxy-3′,4′-dimethoxy-isoflavan and 3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan) in Astragalus membranaceus ,and to investigate the effects of different processing temperatures on the contents of above 12 components. METHODS :The contents of 12 components in A. membranaceus and samples processed under different temperatures(120,140,160,180,200 ℃)were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The determination was performed on ACQUITY UPLC HSS T 3 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1 mol/L formic acid water solution -0.1 mol/L formic acid acetonitrile solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃. The detection wavel ength was 260 nm,and sample size was 2 μL. Electrospray ion source(ESI)was used under positive ion mode (ESI+). The mass scanning range was mass ratio (m/z)of 50-1 500,with capillary voltage of 2 000 V and ion source temperature of 100 ℃. The desolvation temperature was 400 ℃;flow rate of atomizing gas (N2) was 40 L/h,and that of desolvation was 800 L/h;collision energy (CE)was 20-30 V;data acquisition rate was 0.5 s/scan. RESULTS:The linear range of astragaloside Ⅰ,astragaloside Ⅱ,astragaloside Ⅲ,astragaloside Ⅳ,calycosin-glucopyranoside, calycosin,ononin,formononetin,2′-hydroxy-3′,4′-dimethoxy-isoflavan-glucoside,7,2′-dihydroxy-3′,4′-dimethoxy-isoflavan,9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan-glucoside and 3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan were 0.001 16-0.232 0,0.000 276-0.055 2, 0.000 22-0.044 0,0.000 225-0.045 0,0.000 734-0.587 0,0.001 17-0.234 0,0.000 742- 0.148 0,0.001 30-0.260,0.003 98-0.795 0, 0.000 476-0.476 0,0.001 89-0.378 0,0.000 336-0.336 0 μg(all R2≥0.999 2),respectively. The limits of detection were 6.2×10-6, 4.8×10-6,3.8×10-6,3.4×10-6,5.8×10-6,4.8×10-6,4.2×10-6,3.2×10-6,5.8×10-6,2.6×10-6,4.2×10-6,6.4×10-6 μg,respectively. The limits of quantitation were 12.6×10-6,16.2×10-6,14.4×10-6,14.8×10-6,18.8×10-6,16.4×10-6,15.4×10-6,10.8×10-6,20.2×10-6, 12.4×10-6,14.6×10-6,23.4×10-6 μg,respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and repetition tests were all lower than 3.0%(n=6). The average recoveries were 99.1%,100.2%,98.7%,101.9%,98.6%,102.1%,99.2%,100.3%,98.7%, 99.2%,99.3% and 100.8%,with the RSDs of 1.9%,2.2%,2.4%,1.8%,2.1%,1.7%,2.3%,1.9%,2.4%,1.8%,2.2% and 1.9%(n=6),respectively. The results showed that the contents of astragaloside Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ decreased gradually with the increase of processing temperature ;the content of astragaloside Ⅳ increased gradually with the increase of temperature. The content of flavonoid glycosides ,such as calycosin glucopyranoside ,ononin,2′-hydroxy-3′,4′-dimethoxy-isoflavan-glucoside and 9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan-glucoside decreased with the increase of temperature ;the corresponding aglycone components as flavonoid glycosides ,formononetin,3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxy- pterocarpan increased firstly and then decreased with the increase ; the content of 7,2′-dihydroxy-3′,4′- dimethoxy-isoflavan decreased with the increase of temperature. CONCLUSIONS :Established UPLC-MS/MS method can be used for determination of 12 components in A. membranaceus . After processed under different temperature,the contents of glycosides decreased in general ,while the contents of aglycones increased in general.

12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 196-202, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829109

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a prevalent and highly malignant cancer throughout the world. Effective treatment of this disease is impeded by the high rate of metastasis, recurrence, and chemoresistance. Recent studies have revealed the close relationship between the malignant phenotype of HCC and cancer stem cells (CSCs). Therefore, CSC-targeted therapy is considered a promising strategy to eradicate HCC. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can be effective in preventing recurrence and metastasis of some advanced HCC. A growing amount of literature has discovered that extracts or compounds derived from TCM exert an anti-CSC effect. This review introduces some formulas and chemical compounds derived from TCMs that have been reported to inhibit CSCs of HCC; these TCM-related drugs may help to provide an alternative approach to help manage cancers, especially for HCC which has a great potential of metastasis, recurrence, and chemoresistance.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828366

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of salvianolic acid B(Sal B) on high-glucose induced renal tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) in rats, and to explore its possible mechanisms of prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. The rat renal tubular epithelial NRK-52 E cells were cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into control group, high glucose group, high glucose+10 μmol·L~(-1)Sal B group(Sal B), the above 3 groups were set at 6, 12, 24 and 48 h for dynamic observation; high glucose+Sal B different concentration(1, 5, 10 μmol·L~(-1)) groups, high glucose+5.0 μmol·L~(-1) pioglitazone group, high glucose+10 μmol·L~(-1)Sal B+5 μmol·L~(-1)GW9662 group. The protein expression levels of PPARγ, PTEN, α-SMA, E-cadherin and PI3 K/Akt signaling molecules were determined by Western blot. The mRNA expression of PPARγ and PTEN were detected by Real-time PCR. The viabi-lity of NRK52 E cells was determined by MTT assay. The results showed that as compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ and PTEN in high glucose group gradually reduced, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308))gradually increased, and the protein expression of E-cadherin gradually reduced(P<0.05). As compared with high glucose group, when increases in Sal B doses, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ, PTEN in high glucose + different concentrations of Sal B groups gradually increased, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308)) gradually reduced, and the protein expression of E-cadherin gradually increased(P<0.05), however, the effect of 1 μmol·L~(-1)concentration of Sal B on the expression of PPARγ mRNA and protein and PTEN mRNA was not significantly different. As compared with high glucose group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ mRNA(except 6 h) and protein(except 6 h), PTEN mRNA(except 6 h) and protein(except 6, 12 h) kept increasing, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308))(except 6 h) continued to reduce, the protein expression of E-cadherin kept increasing in high glucose+10 μmol·L~(-1) Sal B dynamic observation group(P<0.05). As compared with high glucose group, Sal B and the pioglitazone(PIO) can greatly enhance the expression of PPARγ, PTEN at mRNA and protein levels, enhance the expression of E-cadherin at protein levels, and reduce the expression of α-SMA, p-Akt~((Thr308))protein level(P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups. However, the expression levels of PPARγ and PTEN mRNA and protein, E-cadherin, α-SMA and p-Akt(Thr308) protein in the Sal B+GW9662 control group were not statistically significant compared with the high glucose group. The effect of Sal B was blocked by the PPARγ antagonist GW9662. It can be concluded that Sal B can suppress the NRK52 E cells induced by high-glucose EMT. The mechanism may be related to the activation of PPARγ with Sal B, and the up-regulation of PTEN expression, and thereby inhibiting the fibrosis effect of PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Glucose , Rats , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828231

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of back arm flexion and extension combined with manipulation in treating adhesive scapulohumeral periarthritis.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to April 2018, 53 patients with adhesive scapulohumeral periarthritis were treated with back arm flexion and extension combined with manipulation, the main symptoms were shoulder pain and limited activity. There were 22 males and 31 females aged from 45 to 71 years old with an average of (51.63±5.79) years;the courses of disease ranged from 3 to 24 months with an average of (8.62±3.73) months. Manipulation treatment was carried out once a week, and back arm flexion and extension were performed for 3 times a day with15 movements each time, totally 4 weeks for a single course. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder function score were observed and compared before treatment and one week, one and three months after treatment.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 3 to 12 months, with an average of (5.91±3.55) months. VAS score before treatment was 4.02±1.46, and was improved to 3.15±1.54, 1.98±1.37, 1.12±0.86 respectively at one week, one and three months after treatment. Constant-Murley score before treatment was 42.70 ±5.72, and improved to 54.25 ±6.34, 67.45 ±6.84, 82.40 ±6.63 at one week, one and three months after treatment respectively;19 patients got excellent result, 22 good, 9 fair and 3 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Back arm flexion combined with manipulation for the treatment of adhesive scapulohumeral periarthritis could effectively relieve pain, improve shoulder function, which is a simple effective treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arm , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periarthritis , Therapeutics , Physical Therapy Modalities , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827226

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of X-ray irradiation on primary rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and its potential mechanism, as well as whether sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) has protective effect on CFs and its possible mechanism. Our data demonstrated that X-rays inhibited cell growth and increased oxidative stress in CFs, and STS mitigated X-ray-induced injury. Enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay showed that X-rays increased the levels of secreted angiotensin II (Ang II) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). STS inhibited the X-ray-induced increases in Ang II and BNP release. Apoptosis and cell cycle of CFs were analyzed using flow cytometry. X-rays induced apoptosis in CFs, whereas STS inhibited apoptosis in CFs after X-ray irradiation. X-rays induced S-phase cell cycle arrest in CFs, which could be reversed by STS. X-rays increased the expression of phosphorylated-P38/P38, cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-3 as well as decreased the expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2)/ERK 1/2 and B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2 associated X protein (BAX) in CFs, as shown by Western blotting. STS mitigated the X-ray radiation-induced expression changes of these proteins. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that STS may potentially be developed as a medical countermeasure to mitigate radiation-induced cardiac damage.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879296

ABSTRACT

Objective Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. The pathophysiology of the disease mostly remains unearthed, thereby challenging drug development for AD. This study aims to screen high throughput gene expression data using weighted co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to explore the potential therapeutic targets.Methods The dataset of GSE36980 was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Normalization, quality control, filtration, and soft-threshold calculation were carried out before clustering the co-expressed genes into different modules. Furthermore, the correlation coefficients between the modules and clinical traits were computed to identify the key modules. Gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses were performed on the key module genes. The STRING database was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, which were further analyzed by Cytoscape app (MCODE). Finally, validation of hub genes was conducted by external GEO datasets of GSE 1297 and GSE 28146.Results Co-expressed genes were clustered into 27 modules, among which 6 modules were identified as the key module relating to AD occurrence. These key modules are primarily involved in chemical synaptic transmission (GO:0007268), the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and respiratory electron transport (R-HSA-1428517).

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of microRNA expression before and after drug therapy with clinical symptoms in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).@*METHODS@#A total of 80 previously untreated children with ADHD who were diagnosed from May 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled. The children who were willing to receive drug therapy were randomly divided into concerta-treated group with 31 children and strattera-treated group with 33 children. The children who were unwilling to receive treatment were enrolled as the untreated group with 16 children. A total of 60 children who underwent physical examination during the same period of time were enrolled as the healthy control group. SNAP-V score was determined at initial diagnosis and 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Serum samples were collected from the children with ADHD and the healthy control group. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the relative expression of miR-4566-3p and miR-7641.@*RESULTS@#The repeated measures analysis of variance showed that the SNAP-V score of attention deficit symptoms were different among the two treatment groups and the untreated group at the first visit and 3 months and 6 months after treatment (P0.05), and there was no interaction between the time factor and the grouping factor (P>0.05). The SNAP-V score of attention deficit symptoms was negatively correlated with the relative expression of miRNA-4655-3p and miRNA-7641 (r=-0.314, -0.495 respectively; P<0.05) in ADHD children after drug treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Drug therapy can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of children with ADHD. The expression of miR-4655-3p and miR-7641 in serum can be used as biomarkers for the diagnosis and outcome evaluation of ADHD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873300

ABSTRACT

Objective::The processing method of red ginseng was determined by comparing the effects of different steaming time and pressure on the total content of six ginsenosides. Method::The contents of ginsenoside Rg1, Re, Rf, Rb1, Rc and Rb2 were determined by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS). The Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C8 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used. The mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A) and 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution (B) for gradient elution (0-4 min, 81%-79%A; 4-6.3 min, 79%-75%A; 6.3-6.5 min, 75%-71%A; 6.5-9.5 min, 71%A; 9.5-16.5 min, 71%-68.5%A; 16.5-16.6 min, 68.5%-60%A; 16.6-19 min, 60%-100%A). The flow rate was set at 0.4 mL·min-1 and the column temperature was set at 35 ℃. The mass spectrographic analysis employed electrospray ionization (ESI) and negative ion collection mode with capillary ionization voltage of 2.5 kV, desolvation temperature of 350 ℃, desolvation gas flow of 700 L·h-1 and cone gas flow of 50 L·h-1. Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was used to collect information, the collection range was m/z 100-1 500, detection was performed by MRM mode at m/z 799.59-637.49 for ginsenoside Rg1, m/z 945.54-475.79 for ginsenoside Re, m/z 799.59-475.49 for ginsenoside Rf, m/z 1 107.59-783.97 for ginsenoside Rb1, m/z 1 077.58-783.96 for ginsenoside Rc, m/z 1 077.75-191.19 for ginsenoside Rb2. Result::When the steaming time was 3 hours, the total mass fraction of six ginsenosides in each sample group was 7.099 8-16.768 5 mg·g-1, and the total amount of the six ginsenosides in atmospheric steaming was 2.5-12.6 times of that in pressurized steaming, which was obviously better than that in pressurized steaming. Conclusion::Under the conditions of this experiment, the best processing method of red ginseng is atmospheric steaming for 3 hours with fresh ginseng.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873255

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish an UPLC method for the simultaneous determination of 6 flavonoids, and to research for the effect of Astragali Radix directional processed with four enzymes (complex enzyme, plant cellulase, snail enzyme, and β-glucosidase) on the contents of flavonoid glycosides and their aglycones in this herb. Method::Chromatographic separation was carried out on ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1 mol·L-1 formic acid solution-0.1 mol·L-1 formic acid acetonitrile solution for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 260 nm, the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 30 ℃, and the injection volume was 2 μL. Result::Calycosin-glucoside, calycosin, ononin, formononetin, 9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside and 3-hydroxy-9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (R2≥0.998 5), the relative standard deviations (RSDs) of precision, stability and repeatability were all <5.0%, and the average recovery was 97.62%-101.13% with RSDs of 1.4%-2.7%. In 0.5 g·L-1 level of enzyme solution, the contents of calycosin-glucoside, calycosin, ononin, formononetin, 9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside and 3-hydroxy-9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan in Astragali Radix processed with complex enzyme were 0.082 0, 0.335 9, 0.055 9, 0.104 9, 0.015 0, 0.009 7 mg·g-1, the contents of them in Astragali Radix processed with plant cellulase were 0.105 7, 0.364 2, 0.070 2, 0.117 4, 0.020 8, 0.012 5 mg·g-1, their contents in Astragali Radix processed with snail enzyme were 0.031 4, 0.510 0, 0.043 5, 0.210 9, 0.013 0, 0.013 0 mg·g-1, and their contents in Astragali Radix processed with β-glucosidase were 0.085 3, 0.312 4, 0.061 5, 0.110 8, 0.005 8, 0.009 6 mg·g-1, respectively. Conclusion::After the processing of Astragali Radix by four enzymes, in addition to 9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside, the contents of calycosin-glucoside and ononin are reduced, but the contents of their three corresponding aglycones are significantly increased. The established method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and is suitable for the simultaneous determination of 6 flavonoids in Astragali Radix, which can provide a reference for this herb directional processed with enzymes.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873201

ABSTRACT

Objective:Aphanamixis grandifolia,a perennial herb of genus Aphanamixis (Meliaceae),has effects in soothing activating collaterals,dredging paisy,expelling wind-evil and removing wetness. This paper aimed to investigate terpenoids from the stems and leaves of A. grandifolia and reveal the effective substances. Method:Totally 22 kg leaves and twigs of A. grandifolia were extracted with 90% EtOH for three times by heating reflux. These extracts were decompressed and concentrated,and then dissolved in water. The solvent was successively extracted with petroleum ether and ethyl acetate. The chemical constituents from petroleum ether and ethyl acetate fractions were isolated by macroporous,silica gel,Sephadex LH-20 and ODS columns,and their chemical structures were determined through MS,NMR analysis(1H and 13C-NMR)and spectroscopic data from literatures,respectively. Result:Twelve compounds were obtained and identified as 16α-hydroxy-3-oxo-24-methyllanosta-7,9(11),24(31)-triene-21-oic acid (1),23(E)-cycloart-en-25-ethoxy-3-ol(2),23(Z)-9,19-cycloart-ene-3β,25-diol(3),23(E)-cycloart-en-3β,25-diol(4),labda-8,13-(E)-dien-15-ol(5),labda-7,13-(E)-dien-15-ol(6),vulgarol(7),(S,E)-6-[6-(5,5-dimethyl-4-oxo-4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl]-2-methylhepta-1,6-dien-1-yl]-4-methyl-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-one(8),nemoralisin(9),nemoralisin C(10),1S,4R,5S,6R,7S,10S-1(5),6(7)-diepoxy-4-guaiol(11) and 1S,4S,5S,10R-4,10-guaianediol(12),respectively. Conclusion:The structures involves triterpenoids,diterpenoids and sesquiterpennoids,and eight of them (1-3,5-8 and 12) are obtained from A. grandifolia for the first time. Those compounds are also isolated from the geneus Aphanamixis for the first time.

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