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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Danggui Niantongtang on the protein and mRNA expression of key regulatory factors of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathway in synovial tissue of adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to further explore the mechanism of Danggui Niantongtang in the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Method:The general condition of AA rats, including its body weight, were observed. The changes of toe volume were detected by toe volume meter. Histopathological changes of synovium of knee joint were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor super family 6 (Fas), Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain(FADD), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase Caspase-3 (Caspase-3) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the toe volume of the model group increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly proliferated synovial cells, significantly reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 in synovial tissues(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and significantly increased Bcl-2 level (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the swelling degree of toes in Danggui Niantongtang group and Tripterygium group was significantly alleviated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly improved synovial hyperplasia, significantly increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and significantly decreased expression levels of bcl-2 mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Danggui Niantongtang can effectively reduce joint swelling and abnormal proliferation of synovial tissue in AA rats. Its mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of Fas, FADD, Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3, and promoting the apoptosis of synovial cells.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1869-1874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the overview of thrombosis in myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN) patients, and to explore the risk factors of thrombosis at diagnosis and during follow-up.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 388 MPN patients treated in our hospital were collected. The patients were followed up by outpatient and phone. The risk factors of thrombosis were analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#Among 388 MPN patients, 161 patients (41.49%) showed thromboses at diagnosis or during follow-up. Among them, 92.55% were arterial thromboses, 146 cases (96.27%) were complicated with thromboses at diagnosis, and 36 cases (11.46%) showed newly thromboses or progression of previous thromboses among the 314 received full follow-up patients. Age (P<0.001, HR:1.033, 95%CI:1.016-1.051), JAK2V617F mutation (P=0.037, HR:1.72, 95%CI: 1.033-2.862), hypertension (P<0.001, HR:2.639, 95%CI:1.659-4.197) and hyperlipidemia (P<0.001, HR:2.659, 95%CI:1.626-4.347) were the independent risk factors affecting thrombosis at diagnosis of the patients. During the follow-up, age (P=0.016, HR:1.032, 95%CI: 1.006-1.059) and previous thrombosis history (P=0.019, HR:2.194, 95%CI: 1.135-4.242) were the independent risk factors affecting the progression of thrombosis at different sites or on the basis of the previous thrombosis in the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with advanced age, JAK2V617F mutation or complicated with hypertension and hyperlipidemia shows a higher risk of thrombosis at diagnosis, while the patients with advanced age or previous thrombosis history shows a higher risk of progression of thrombosis during the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Neoplasms , Philadelphia Chromosome , Risk Factors , Thrombosis
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 840-844, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922167

ABSTRACT

Peyronie's disease (PD) is a connective tissue disorder characterized as fibrotic plaque localized in the tunica albuginea (TA), and its pathomechanism remains obscure. Endeavors are being made to explore effective and minimally invasive therapeutic strategies for PD, and some experimental studies have verified the preventative and therapeutic effects of stem cells (SC), especially adipose tissue-derived SCs (ADSC), on this disease and excavated some of their action mechanisms. Some scholars attempted the integration of SCs with graft tissues, aiming at the improvement of TA grafting and reconstruction. The only publicly available clinical trial of SC therapy for PD was encouraging, and further on-coming relevant researches are expected with simultaneous optimization of the scheme. In a word, the application of SCs in the prevention and treatment of PD is a promising topic for clinical research, and there remain quite a lot of unknowns to be explored. This article summarizes the existing researches in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Induration/surgery , Stem Cell Transplantation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879115

ABSTRACT

Aspalathus linearis is a needle-shaped shrub that grows in the Cedarberg mountains in southern South Africa, with an extremely high medicinal value. In 2014, China has approved A. linearis as a new food material. Through retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus databases, the literatures were excluded, classified and summarized.On the basis of Chinese medicine theory, the traditional Chinese medicine properties were deducted. Finally, 264 relevant li-teratures were included and classified into 6 categories: review, planting, chemical composition, clinical study, pharmacological effects and safety. The traditional Chinese medicinal properties were deducted as sweet flavor and neutral property. It enters kidney, spleen, heart and liver channels. The major functions are to tonify the kidney and benefit the essence, nourish Qi and spleen, nourish Yin and prompt the production of body fluid, tranquilize mind, and relieve pain. It can be used for soreness of the waist and fatigue, sexual disinterest, limbs heaviness, thirst due to insufficiency of fluid and internal heat, irritability and insomnia, forget fulness, stomachache, joint pain, dysmenorrhea, headache. Preparation for external use can treat eczema itching. Water decoction(2-15 g) can also be used as tea directly. This paper defined the traditional Chinese medicine properties of A. linearis, so as to provide the theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Aspalathus , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879113

ABSTRACT

Based on the research literatures of Passiflora incarnata and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the paper discussed the traditional Chinese medicinal properties of P. incarnate, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the compatibility and application of P. incarnata. The literature databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus were selected, and the literatures relating to P. incarnata were reviewed to screen out the scientific research literatures with a high credibility, rational design and reliable conclusions. Foreign pharmacopoeia was consulted, and the listed products were summarized. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of P. incarnata were studied based on 32 clinical trials, 66 pharmacological researches, 64 chemical constituents researches as well as the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. It was preliminarily concluded that the medicinal properties of P. incarnata are sweet, cool, and enter heart, liver channels. The function is mainly to calm the heart and tranquilizing the mind, and calm the liver wind. It is used for hyperactivity of liver-Yang, stagnation of liver-Qi, restlessness of mind, depression, nervousness, insomnia. This paper summarized the source, characteristics of natures, tastes and channel tropism, usage and dosage, function indications of P. incarnata, and defined its clear traditional Chinese medicine property, which lays a theoretical foundation for the compatibility and clinical application of P. incarnata and Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Passiflora , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878920

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Thymus przewalskii. The chemical consti-tuents were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-prepared HPLC, and their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Four flavanones were isolated from the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of T. przewalskii, and identified as(2S)-5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavanone(1), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavanone(2),(2S)-5,4'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavanone(3), sakuranetin(4), respectively. Compound 1 was a new compound and its configuration was determined by CD spectrum, compound 3 was natural product which was isolated for the first time and their configurations were determined by CD spectra. Compound 2 was isolated from the genus Thymus for the first time and compound 4 was isolated from T. przewalskii for the first time. Furthermore, cytotoxicity test was assayed for the four flavanones. They exhibited weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer cells(A549), with the IC_(50) from 74.5 to 135.6 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavanones , Humans
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887972

ABSTRACT

This study summarized and analyzed the current acne-relieving Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of acne-relieving health products. The information on acne-relieving health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was retrieved,and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System V2. 5( TCMISS) were employed to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. Forty-three acne-relieving health products were obtained,including 40 ones containing Chinese herbal medicines. Six Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥8,with 61 times in use totally,including Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma( 13),Lonicerae Japonicae Flos( 12),Taraxaci Herba( 11),ALOE( 9),Carthami Flos( 8),and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma( 8). A total of 29 Chinese patent medicines with similar efficacy were collected in DRUGDATAEXPY. Nine Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥6,with 63 times in use,including Rhei Radix et Rhizoma( 10),Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma( 8),Scutellariae Radix( 8),Lonicerae Japonicae Flos( 7),Angelicae Sinensis Radix( 6),Paeoniae Radix Rubra( 6),Astragali Radix( 6),Paeoniae Radix Alba( 6),and Gardeniae Fructus( 6). Through unsupervised hierarchical entropy-based clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines,five and three new formulas were obtained,respectively. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories in relieving acne,i. e.,dispelling exterior wind,ventilating lungs,clearing heat,dissipating mass,promoting diuresis,relaxing bowels,removing toxin,activating blood,resolving stasis,eliminating phlegm,and regulating Qi. According to the " lung governing skin and body hair" and " interior-exterior relationship between lung and large intestine" in TCM theories,the idea that acne could be treated by relieving constipation was proposed,which provided new methods and references for the research and development of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887970

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the current Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines effective in boosting memory,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of memory-boosting health products. The information on memory-boosting health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was collected and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the TCMISS were used to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. A total of 212 memory-boosting health products were obtained from SAMR,including 83 ones containing Chinese medicinal materials. Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 8,with 151 times in use. In DRUGDATAEXPY,258 similar Chinese patent medicines were collected.Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 58,with 907 times in use. Through unsupervised hierarchical entropybased clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines separately,5 and 12 new formulas were obtained. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines for the new formulas was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories,i. e.,tonifying kidney and marrow,benefiting Qi,nourishing Yin,resolving phlegm,and eliminating stasis. According to TCM theories,syndrome differentiation of the users was conducted,and the formulas were designed following the correspondence of syndromes with formulas and Chinese herbal medicines. This study is expected to provide new ideas and methods for the development of Chinese medicinal health products and accurately guide practical applications to exert the advantages of TCM in health care based on syndrome differentiation and improve the effect of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Syndrome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR) and the type of epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) mutation and clinical characteristics in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC).Methods:From January 2017 to July 2019, the hematological detection, gene detection and clinical characteristics of 192 EGFR-mutant patients of advanced NSCLC in the Second Hospital of Wuxi Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were collected and reviewed.The peripheral blood NLR and clinical characteristics in patients with different types of EGFR mutation.(including exon 19 and 21 mutation) were compared.Results:In this study, there were 192 NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation, including 90 patients with EGFR mutation in exon 19(46.87%), aged (67.7±12.8)years old; 84 patients with EGFR mutation in exon 21(43.75%), aged (66.6±9.3)years old; 18 patients with other types of EGFR mutation(9.38%), aged (72.5±10.5)years old.The average age of patients with other types of EGFR mutation was relatively older compared with those in exon 19 or 21 mutation, but there was no statistically significant difference( F=2.90, P>0.05). The patients with EGFR exon 19 mutation were more likely to occur in the right side(48/90) compared with EGFR exon 21 mutation(54/84), and there was statistically significant difference between the two groups(χ 2=5.45, P<0.05). However, the average NLR was (3.98±4.02) in patients with mutation in exons 19, (3.29±1.63) in patients with mutation in exons 21, and (5.32±3.48) in patients with other types of mutations.Compared with the average NLR in exon 21 mutation, the average NLR in patients with non 19 and 21 common mutations was relatively higher, but there was no statistically significant difference( F=3.51, P>0.05). According to the median NLR of 2.9, all cases were divided into two groups: NLR≤2.9 was low NLR group(99 cases), and NLR>2.9 was high NLR group(93 cases). There were statistically significant differences in sex, smoking history, pathological type, eastern cooperative oncology group (ECOG) score, brain metastasis, pleura metastasis and carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA) level between high and low NLR groups(χ 2=4.52, 9.01, 10.05, 9.07, 5.89, 9.03, 19.53, all P<0.05). However, there were no statistically significant differences in age and bone metastasis between high and low NLR groups(χ 2=1.56, 1.51, all P>0.05). Conclusion:Sex, smoking history, pathological type, ECOG score, brain metastasis, pleura metastasis and CEA levels are correlated with NLR level in advanced NSCLC patients.There is certain reference value of the primary focal site in distinguishing EGFR mutation types.However, there is no correlation between NLR level and EGFR mutation type.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864889

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on a cross-sectional survey about the status of analgesia and sedation nursing behavior of PICU nurses in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia, to analyze the influencing factors and to provide reference for further constructing standardized training programs and developing standardized for analgesia and sedation nursing process.Methods:The self-designed questionnaire was made for investigation from 435 PICU nurses in 18 hospitals in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia.Results:The average questionnaire score of the analgesia and sedation nursing behavior of PICU nurses was(70.54±13.63)in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia.The behavioral scores were different in each group between different age, nursing age, PICU nursing age, educational background, professional title, and whether was the intensive care unit nurse, whether trained in analgesia and sedation, whether have experience in caring children with analgesia and sedation, and the differences were all statistically significant( P<0.05). The main factors influencing the analgesia and sedation behavior of PICU nurses were whether have received training in analgesia and sedation, whether have experience in caring children with analgesia and sedation treatment and their attitude score to analgesia and sedation. Conclusion:There is still much space for development in analgesia and sedation nursing behavior of PICU nurses in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia.The more analgesia and sedation training PICU nurses take participate in, the more experience and positive attitudes they have in nursing children with analgesia and sedation, their clinical nursing practice ability could become more stronger.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of decoction (DGNTD) on cell apoptosis and TNF receptor super family 6 (Fas)/caspase-8 pathway in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).@*METHODS@#FLS isolated from the synovial tissue of RA patients were cultured and identified using immunofluorescence staining. The cells were treated with 10% blank serum (blank control group), 10% sera containing low, moderate or high doses of DGNTD, or 20 μmol/mL KR-33493 (a Fas inhibitor) combined with 10% serum containing high-dose DGNTD. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of the cells after the treatments. Apoptosis of the cells was detected at 48 h in each group using Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of Fas, FADD, caspase-8 and caspase-3 in the cells at 48 h were detected using qPCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Immunofluorescence staining identified the cultured cells as FLS. Treatment with DGNTD-containing sera significantly inhibited the proliferation of FLS, and the inhibitory effects were enhanced as the dose and intervention time increased ( < 0.05). Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry showed that the sera containing different doses of DGNTD significantly promoted apoptosis of FLS ( < 0.05). The expression levels of Fas, FADD, caspase-8, and caspase-3 at both mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased in the cells after treatment with different doses of DGNTD-containing sera ( < 0.05). The application of KR-33493 obviously reversed the effects of DGNTD on the FLS ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DGNTD can induce apoptosis of the FLS by activating Fas/caspase-8 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Caspase 8 , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828422

ABSTRACT

In this article, the foreign and domestic literature on alien plant medicine Cynara scolymus was reviewed to explore its properties and functions in traditional Chinese medicine theory, and provide theoretical basis for clinical application and reasonable compatibility. Based on the literature databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP and Sinomed, the articles with high reliability related to C. scolymus were screened out and the obtained articles were systematically classified according to clinical application, chemical compositions, pharmacological action, toxic and side effects, etc. In the analysis with traditional Chinese medicine theory, it is concluded that: C. scolymus tastes bitter and slightly cold, attributing to spleen, stomach, liver and gall meridians. It has the functions of eliminating accumulation and guiding stagnation, regulating Qi-flowing for harmonizing stomach, clearing away dampness and heat, resolving turbidity and lowering blood lipids. It can be used for the treatment of dyspepsia, diet reduction, vomiting, nausea, abdominal distention, hypochondriac pain, jaundice, hyperlipidemia, etc. Through the analysis and research of the relevant literature on C. scolymus, the properties and functions of the drug were clarified, which could provide a theoretical basis for further animal experiments and clinical research. The research model of "traditional Chinese medicine theory" for alien plant medicines can provide reference for the introduction and research of botanical drugs around the world, which can greatly enrich Chinese medicine resources and is of great significance for promoting the sustainable development of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cynara scolymus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Reproducibility of Results
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862669

ABSTRACT

Objective::To prepare 15 batches of Banxia Xiexintang substance benchmark and lyophilized powder from different places, and the lyophilized powder was analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (UHPLC-DAD) and desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (DESI-MSI) in order to investigate the advantages of DESI-MSI in quality control of famous classical formulas. Method::Taking Banxia Xiexintang as the research model, fingerprints of the substance benchmark and lyophilized powder were established by UHPLC-DAD, and the content of index components and the yield of dry extract were also investigated. Meanwhile, as the research carrier, the lyophilized powder corresponding to Banxia Xiexintang was dissolved in methanol and dotted on qualitative filter paper with 5 μL quantitative capillary, and fixed it on the slide to make samples. The samples were analyzed on a DESI-MSI system in positive and negative ion mode with methanol-formic acid (1 000∶1, flow rate of 3 μL·min-1) as spray solvent, N2 as spray gas (pressure of 0.5 MPa). The scanning range was 100-1 200 Da, the spatial resolution was 300 μm, the spray voltage was 3 kV, the sampling cone voltage was ±40 V, incidence angle of sprayer was 60 degree, its collection angle was 10 degree, the ion source temperature was 120 ℃. Result::DESI-MSI could not only detect the index components of liquiritin, baicalin and wogonoside, as well as the common peaks of liquiritin apioside, berberine and glycyrrhizic acid, but also analyzed them semi-quantitatively, the analysis results were basically consistent with UHPLC-DAD. At the same time, DESI-MSI could detect 16 other components from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Coptidis Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Jujubae Fructus and Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, such as licoricesaponin G2, palmatine, coptisine, rutin and ginsenoside Rg1, and present their relative content visually. The qualitative analysis ability of DESI-MSI was much better than UHPLC-DAD. Conclusion::DESI-MSI can be used as the quality control method for substance benchmark and lyophilized powder and dispensing granules of famous classical formulas with advantages of high sensitivity, strong analytical ability, no complex sample processing, qualitative and relative content analysis of complex samples without reference substance.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 31-39, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with polylactic acid/polycaprolactone (PLA/PCL) on healing of mininature pig deep soft tissue defect caused by fragment injury.@*Methods@#Two male Bama miniature pigs with 11 to 12 months (the same below) were selected by lottery to prepare PRP. The other twenty-seven male Bama miniature pigs were used to reproduce deep soft tissue defect caused by high-explosive ammunition fragment injury on bilateral posterior femoral region. According to the random number table, 27 pigs were divided into control group, material group, and PRP+material group, with 9 pigs in each group. After debridement, wounds of pigs in material group and PRP+material group were filled with PLA/PCL and PLA/PCL+2 mL activated PRP, respectively. Pigs in each group received suture of full-thickness skin to close the wounds. The operative duration was recorded. The length and volume of wounds of pigs in the above groups were measured immediately after surgery. In 1, 2, and 4 weeks after surgery, 3 pigs in each group were sacrificed to collect femoral wounds tissue on two sides, and PLA/PCL were collected from wounds of pigs in material group and PRP+material group for general observation of wounds tissue and degradation of the material. In 2 and 4 weeks after surgery, wounds tissue was obtained to observe the histological changes by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and expressions of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and angiogenesis were determined by immunohistochemical method. In 1, 2, and 4 weeks after surgery, wounds tissue was collected to determine mRNA expressions of TGF-β and VEGF by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Data were processed with analysis of variance of factorial design, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference-t test.@*Results@#(1) There were no significantly statistical differences in length and volume of the wounds of pigs among the three groups (F=0.336, 0.282, P>0.05). The operative duration in control group [(30.9±2.1)min] was significantly shorter than that of material group [(39.7±2.2)min] and PRP+material group[(40.0±2.6)min], t=-11.45, -11.88, P<0.01. (2) There were respectively 10, 7, and 5 wounds tissue with infection in pigs of control group, material group, and PRP+material group. In 1, 2, 4 weeks after surgery, all of the wounds tissue of pigs was infected in control group, while none of wounds tissue of pigs was infected in material group and PRP+material group. In pigs of material group and PRP+material group, materials and tissue were easily separated in 1 week after surgery; some materials were integrated with tissue and showed a tendency of degradation in 2 weeks after surgery; materials were completely embedded with tissue in 4 weeks after surgery. (3) In pigs of control group, erythrocytes and inflammatory cells infiltration in wounds tissue were observed in 2 weeks after surgery, and necrotic tissue and inflammatory cells infiltration in wounds tissue were still observed in 4 weeks after surgery. In pigs of material group and PRP+material group, a large number of erythrocytes and inflammatory cells infiltration were observed in 2 weeks after surgery. Compared with that of material group, wounds tissue of pigs in PRP+material group had no inflammatory cells infiltration in 4 weeks after surgery. (4) Protein expressions of TGF-β in fibroblasts and multinuclear macrophagocytes, VEGF in fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells, and blood vessel formation in wounds tissue of pigs in PRP+material group were significantly more than those of pigs in control group and material group in 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. (5) The mRNA expression of TGF-β in wounds tissue of pigs in material group was significantly higher than that in control group in 4 weeks after surgery (t=-3.93, P<0.01). Compared with those of pigs in control group and material group, the mRNA expression of TGF-β in wounds tissue of pigs in PRP+material group was significantly increased at each time point (t=9.23, 13.81, 11.73, -7.51, -12.04, -7.80, P<0.01). The mRNA expression of VEGF in wounds tissue of pigs increased significantly in material group compared with that of pigs in control group in 4 weeks after surgery (t=-3.94, P<0.01). Compared with those of pigs in control group and material group, the mRNA expression of VEGF in wounds tissue increased significantly in wound tissue of pigs in PRP+material group at each time point (t=12.33, 3.95, 7.97, -11.36, -2.97, -4.04, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#PRP combined with PLA/PCL can accelerate wound healing of deep soft tissue defect of mininature pigs caused by fragment injury by providing physical scaffold for newborn tissue growth, promoting mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-β and VEGF.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 104-108, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746375

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of DDX46 protein in colorectal cancer and its correlation with expressions of C-erbB-2, Ki-67, p53 and nm23 proteins. Methods A total of 149 cases of colorectal cancer tissues and 45 adjacent mucosa tissues after operation in the Wuxi No.2 Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2010 to December 2012 were collected. The expressions of DDX46 protein and C-erbB-2, Ki-67, p53 and nm23 proteins in tissues of colorectal cancer were detected by using immunohistochemistry. The relations between the expression level of DDX46 protein and the clinicopathological features including the age, gender, tumor differentiation, tumor infiltration, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage were analyzed, and the relations between DDX46 protein expression and expressions of C-erbB-2, Ki-67, p53 and nm23 proteins were also analyzed. Results Of 149 colorectal cancer tissues, 50 (33.6%) showed low expressions of DDX46 protein and 99 (66.4%) showed high expressions. Of 45 adjacent mucosa tissues, 37 (82.2%) showed low expressions of DDX46 protein, and 8 (17.8%) showed high expressions. There were significant differences between the high expression rate of DDX46 protein in cancer tissues and adjacent mucosa tissues (χ2=33.09, P<0.01). There were statistical differences in the expression level of DDX46 protein and tumor differentiation, tumor infiltration, lymph node metastasis, TNM staging (all P<0.05). The ratio of high-expressed DDX46 protein was increased with the low differentiation, high invasion degree, lymph node metastasis and late TNM staging. DDX46 protein expression was correlated with expressions of Ki-67, p53 and nm23 proteins (all P< 0.05), and the expression of DDX46 protein had a positive correlation with expressions of Ki-67 and p53 proteins (r values were 0.161 and 0.347), and a negative correlation with expression of nm23 protein (r= -0.561). Conclusions The high expression of DDX46 protein in colorectal cancer tissues is related with malignant biological behavior of the tumors and the key oncogenes. DDX46 protein could be regarded as the potential marker for the diagnosis and molecular targeting therapy of colorectal cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family receptor α-1 (GFRα1) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) in the intestinal tissue of children with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), as well as the role of EZH2 in the regulation of GFRα1 gene expression and the pathogenesis of HSCR.@*METHODS@#The samples of colon tissue with spasm from 24 children with HSCR after radical treatment of HSCR were selected as the experimental group, and the samples of necrotized colon tissue from 18 children with neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis after surgical resection were selected as the control group. Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression levels of GFRα1 and EZH2 in colon tissue in both groups. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were divided into an EZH2 over-expression group and a negative control group. The cells in the EZH2 over-expression group were transfected with pCMV6-EZH2 plasmid, and those in the negative control group were transfected with pCMV6 plasmid. The expression levels of EZH2 and GFRα1 were measured after transfection.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression levels of GFRα1 and EZH2 in colon tissue (P<0.05), and the protein expression of EZH2 was positively correlated with that of GFRα1 (r=0.606, P=0.002). Compared with the negative control group, the EZH2 over-expression group had significant increases in the expression levels of EZH2 and GFRα1 after SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with EZH2 over-expression plasmid (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low expression of EZH2 in the colon tissue of children with HSCR may be one of the causes of inadequate expression of GFRα1 and onset of HSCR.


Subject(s)
Child , Colon , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Genetics , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Receptors , Genetics , Hirschsprung Disease , Genetics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , RNA, Messenger
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and safety of tacrolimus (TAC) combined with glucocorticoid (GC) versus mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) combined with GC in the treatment of primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children with primary IgAN confirmed by renal pathology between January 2012 and December 2017. These children were divided into TAC group and MMF group according to the treatment regimen. Their clinical data before treatment and at 1, 3, and 6 months of treatment were collected, and the remission status of IgAN and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 43 children who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled, with 15 children in the TAC group and 28 children in the MMF group. At 1 month of treatment, there was no significant difference in the remission status between the two groups (P>0.05). At 3 and 6 months of treatment, the TAC group had a significantly better remission status than the MMF group (P0.05), but fungal infection was observed in one child from the TAC group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAC combined with GC can effectively reduce urinary protein in children with primary IgAN, and it has a better short-term clinical effect than MMF combined with GC, with good safety.


Subject(s)
Child , Drug Therapy, Combination , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Drug Therapy , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Mycophenolic Acid , Retrospective Studies , Tacrolimus , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862138

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare tumor growth and drug targeting of zirconium dioxide nanoparticles loaded doxorubicin (DOX@ZrO2) and free doxorubicin (DOX-Free) administered through different routes of hepatic VX2 transplanted tumor in rabbit models. Methods: A total of 25 rabbit models of hepatic VX2 transplanted tumor were established and randomly divided into 5 groups, including group A (DOX@ZrO2 via hepatic artery), group B (DOX@ZrO2 via peripheral vein), group C (DOX-free via hepatic artery), group D (DOX-free via peripheral vein) and group E (untreated group). Tumor volumes were measured with CT scanning 1 day, 3 days and 6 days after drug administration, and the ratio of tumor volume were compared between 3 days and 1 day, 6 days and 3 days, as well as 6 days and 1 day. One-way ANOVO analysis was used for multi-group comparison and LSD or SNK method was used for pairwise comparison. Histological observations of isolated heart specimen were performed to evaluate the cardiotoxicity of the drug in each group. Results: There was no statistic difference of tumor volume ratio between 3 days and 1 day, nor between 6 days and 3 days (F=2.056, 1.906, P=0.125, 0.149), while statistic difference of tumor volume ratio was found between 6 days and 1 day after drug administration (F=4.230, P=0.012). The tumor volume ratio in group A was significantly lower than that in the other groups (P0.05) except between group B and E. Histological observation showed that the myocardium of group A and group B was just a little or no damage, while of group C and group D were severe damaged. Conclusion: Combining traditional super selective hepatic arterial chemotherapy targeting surgical treatment method with nano drug carrier, tumor growth of hepatic VX2 transplanted tumor in rabbit model can be delayed, and the drug targeting can be improved. Moreover, the cardiotoxicity caused by doxorubicin can be effectively reduced.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize proportion of couplet medicine of Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix in the treatment of anti-depression, and to explore the possible antidepressant mechanism of this couplet medicine. Method:The dosages of Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were taken.According to U7(72) uniform design table, Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix were carried out into 7 groups.The chronic unpredictable mild depression model mice were induced by intragastric administration of decoction of this couplet medicine and the antidepressant effect was observed by the behavior tests, which included sucrose preference test, tail suspension test, forced swimming test and open field test(crossing scores).The regression equations were established by selecting the effective indexes.The experiments of retest were taken to check the results and the possible antidepressant mechanism was primarily investigated by measuring the phosphorylation level of cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP)-response element binding protein(CREB) and expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF). Result:Compared with the blank group, sucrose preference rate of the model group was significantly decreased(PPPPPPPPPPPPPPConclusion:Compatibility of Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix can ameliorate depressive-like behavior of model mice, and the best antidepressant compatibility proportion of Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix is 1:1, the optimal amounts of them are about 5 g.The antidepressant effect may relate to promoting phosphorylation level of CREB and the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1656-1659, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of surgical treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) with different surgical ages.Methods From January 2014 to December 2017,105 neonates with NEC in our hospital were divided into early operation group (operation age < 7 days,n =47) and late operation group (7 < operation age < 28 days,n =58).The general data,surgical indications,intraoperative conditions,surgical methods,postoperative complications,and postoperative survival rates were compared between the two groups.Results Among the 105 neonates with NEC,74 were male and 31 were female.The average birth weight was (2 398 ± 927)g,and the average gestational age was (35 ± 4)weeks.Compared with the early operation group,the late operation group had lighter birth weight,smaller gestational age and higher rate of respiratory failure (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the two groups in the proportion of surgical indications (diffuse peritonitis,pneumoperitoneum,and medical treatment ineffective) (P > 0.05).The necrosis rate of small intestine in the late operation group was higher than that in the early operation group,but the necrosis rate of small intestine and colon was lower than that in the early operation group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the proportions of the two groups in the surgical methods (enterostomy,intestinal resection and anastomosis and enterostom,exploratory laparotomy,abdominal drainage,and intestinal resection and anastomosis) (P > 0.05).The incidence of intestinal stenosis in early operation group was higher than that in late operation group (P < 0.05).The survival rate of early operation group was 78.7%,while that of late operation group was 63.8%,with no significant difference (P > 0.05).Conclusions The patients with NEC who were operated within 1 week after birth are more common in term infants and with colon necrosis,and are more likely to occur intestinal stenosis after surgery.The patients with NEC who were operated after 1 week of birth are more common in prematures and low-birth-weight patients,and are often associated with respiratory failure.Pneumoperitoneum and diffuse peritonitis are common surgical indications for NEC.Enterostomy is the major surgical method.Choosing the right timing and surgical method can improve the prognosis of patients with NEC.

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