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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 130-134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of the expression levels of cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand-13 (CXCL-13) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for central nervous system infiltration of lymphoma.@*METHODS@#Forty patients diagnosed as lymphoma or acute lymphoblastic leukemia in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from July 2020 to July 2021 were collected and recorded their CSF indexes, including pressure, protein, Pandy test, nucleated cell count, glucose and chlorine content in CSF. The levels of cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and CXCL-13 were detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#The patients were divided into CNSI (central nervous system infiltration) group and non-CNSI group, the average levels of IL-6, IL-10, CXCL-13 and IL-10/IL-6 ratio in CNSI group were higher than those in non-CNS group, but the difference of IL-10/IL-6 ratio between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Then the patients were divided into protein elevated(n=14) group and protein normal group(n=26), the levels of IL-6 [ (5.78±2.69) pg/ ml] and CXCL-13 [(0.83±0.59) pg/ml] in protein elevated group were significantly higher than those in the protein normal group [IL-6: (2.41±1.16) pg/ml; CXCL-13: (0.38±0.18) pg/ml] (P<0.05). Further analysis of the expression levels of the cytokines in non-CNSI group (n=32), IL-6, IL-10, CXCL-13 level and IL-10/IL-6 ratio in the protein elevated group (n=12) were higher than those in the protein normal group (n=20), but the difference was not statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and CXCL-13 in CSF of lymphoma patients with CNS infiltration were higher than those in non-CNS infiltration group, and those in patients with protein elevated group are higher than those in the protein normal group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Lymphoma
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3655-3668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004656

ABSTRACT

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory dermatosis with a variety of clinical manifestations and difficult to cure. Currently, many AD drug candidates have entered the research and development pipeline. In order to provide technical specifications for the clinical development of AD drugs, the Center for Drug Evaluation of National Medical Products Administration released the "Technical Guidelines for Clinical Trials of Drugs for AD Treatment" (Draft for Comments) in November 2022. Non-clinical pharmacodynamics evaluation is an important research before the drug enters clinical trials. Oxazolone (OXA)- and 2,4-dinitro-fluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced models are the most popular classical hapten-induced AD murine models, but variations of modeling are existing in the methods from different studies, including sensitization sites, haptens' dosages, the period of challenges, and the skin lesions severity evaluation as well. In this study, the investigation of OXA- and DNFB-induced AD murine models with various conditions of modeling was performed to compare the characteristics of hapten-induced AD murine models in the pathological process and severity according to the appearance of AD patients, and the guidance of pharmacodynamics evaluation of AD-therapeutic drugs in clinical trials as well, which may provide a proposal for AD treatment drug candidates in the non-clinical pharmacodynamics evaluation. All animal experiments were approved by the Animal Care & Welfare Committee of Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College (approval No.: 00007782 and 00007784).

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 738-745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996610

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To provide experimental data and theoretical support for further studying the maturity of cardiac patches in other in vitro experiments and the safety in other in vivo animal experiments, through standard chemically defined and small molecule-based induction protocol (CDM3) for promoting the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into myocardium, and preliminarily preparing cardiac patches. Methods    After resuscitation, culture and identification of hiPSCs, they were inoculated on the matrigel-coated polycaprolactone (PCL). After 24 hours, the cell growth was observed by DAPI fluorescence under a fluorescence microscope, and the stemness of hiPSCs was identified by OCT4 fluorescence. After fixation, electron microscope scanning was performed to observe the cell morphology on the surface of the patch. On the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th days of culture, the cell viability was determined by CCK-8 method, and the growth curve was drawn to observe the cell growth and proliferation. After co-cultured with matrigel-coated PCL for 24 hours, hiPSCs were divided into a control group and a CDM3 group, and continued to culture for 6 days. On the 8th day, the cell growth was observed by DAPI fluorescence under a fluorescence microscope, and hiPSCs stemness was identified by OCT4 fluorescence, and cTnT and α-actin for cardiomyocyte marker identification. Results    Immunofluorescence of hiPSCs co-cultured with matrigel-coated PCL for 24 hours showed that OCT4 emitted green fluorescence, and hiPSCs remained stemness on matrigel-coated PCL scaffolds. DAPI emitted blue fluorescence: cells grew clonally with uniform cell morphology. Scanning electron microscope showed that hiPSCs adhered and grew on matrigel-coated PCL, the cell outline was clearly visible, and the morphology was normal. The cell viability assay by CCK-8 method showed that hiPSCs proliferated and grew on PCL scaffolds coated with matrigel. After 6 days of culture in the control group and the CDM3 group, immunofluorescence showed that the hiPSCs in the control group highly expressed the stem cell stemness marker OCT4, but did not express the cardiac markers cTnT and α-actin. The CDM3 group obviously expressed the cardiac markers cTnT and α-actin, but did not express the stem cell stemness marker OCT4. Conclusion    hiPSCs can proliferate and grow on matrigel-coated PCL. Under the influence of CDM3, hiPSCs can be differentiated into cardiomyocyte-like cells, and the preliminary preparation of cardiac patch can provide a better treatment method for further clinical treatment of cardiac infarction.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 142-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934088

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 26 patients with proton pump inhibitor dependent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) who underwent anti-reflux mucosectomy (ARMS) in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from July 2017 to December 2020 were reviewed, and the GERD questionnaire (GERD-Q) score, the short-form reflux-qual (RQS) score, esophageal motility and 24 h esophageal pH parameters before and after ARMS were compared. With a median follow-up period of 18.4 months (6-27 months), 23 (88.5%) patients reported symptomatic improvement and 15 (57.7%) patients discontinued the use of proton pump inhibitors. After ARMS, the mean scores of GERD-Q (6.23 VS 13.19, P=0.004) and RQS (26.67 VS 10.98, P<0.001) were significantly improved, the mean DeMeester score (10.69 VS 53.15, P<0.001), the mean acid exposure time percentage (3.56% VS 9.92%, P<0.001) and the mean number of acid reflux episodes (36.9 VS 139.9, P=0.001) were lower, and the mean rest pressure at lower esophageal sphincter (LES) (25.19 mmHg VS 13.63 mmHg, P<0.001) and the mean distal contractile integral (1 819.15 mmHg·s·cm VS 1 007.67 mmHg·s·cm, P<0.001) were significantly increased compared with those before surgery. ARMS has significant short-term efficacy in the treatment of proton pump inhibitor dependent GERD, which can effectively improve reflux symptoms and life quality of patients, and strengthen the rest pressure of LES and peristalsis of the esophageal body.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 354-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effects of overexpression of long-chain noncoding RNA FAM224B on lung tissue of rats with severe pneumonia and the underlying mechanism.Methods:From August 2020 to March 2021, we randomly allocated 20 rats into the pneumonia group (severe pneumonia modeling) and FAM224B group (severe pneumonia modeling + FAM224B plasmid), with 10 rats in each group. We performed a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect the level of FAM224B in lung tissue and performed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β in lung tissue. We used the software starBase v2.0 to predict the target gene of FAM224B. We performed a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect the expression of the target gene in lung tissue and performed a western blot assay to detect the protein expression of the nuclear factor-kappa B signal pathway in lung tissue.Results:FAM224B expression was (1.09 ± 0.23) and (10.12 ± 1.52) in the pneumonia and FAM224B groups, respectively. FAM224B expression was significantly lower in the pneumonia group compared with the FAM224B group ( t = 15.86, P < 0.01). The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β were (41.53 ± 2.46) μg/L, (34.01 ± 2.53) ng/L, (20.92 ± 1.95) μg/L in the pneumonia group and they were (21.71 ± 2.25) μg/L, (17.13 ± 3.01) ng/L, (11.97 ± 1.21) μg/L in the FAM224B group. There were significant differences in the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β between the two groups ( t = 15.94, 14.29, 13.89, all P < 0.01). FAM224B had complementary binding sites with miR-34b-5p. The expression level of miR-34b-5p in lung tissue was significantly lower in the FAM224B group compared with the pneumonia group ( t = 15.55, P < 0.01). The protein expression levels of phosphorylated nuclear factor-κB subunit (p-p65) and phosphorylated inhibitor of kappa B alpha in lung tissue were significantly lower in the FAM224B group compared with the pneumonia group. Conclusion:FAM224B overexpression reduces the inflammatory reaction in lung tissue of rats with severe pneumonia through inhibiting miR-34b-5p expression.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 1009-1013, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of transgastric combined with percutaneous endoscopic treatment for infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN).Methods:Clinical data of 19 IPN patients who received transgastric combined with percutaneous endoscopy at the Gastroenterology Intensive Care Unit of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from August 2015 to August 2020 were retrospectively studied. The clinical efficacy and the procedure-related complications were analyzed.Results:The mean procedure of endoscopic transmural drainage (ETD) was 1.1±0.3 times. During ETD procedure, lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMS) were placed in 9 patients, metal coated stents in 2 patients, double pigtail plastic stents in 7 patients, and only a nasal cyst drainage tube in 1 patient. All 19 patients received 12-14 F drainage catheters for drainage during the first percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) treatment with the mean number of catheters of 1.8±1.2. Double cannulas was subsequently replaced in 3 of them for continuous drainage, and a percutaneous metal coated stent was replaced in 1 patient. The culture results of drainage fluid were 11 cases of gram-negative bacilli and gram-positive cocci, 4 cases of gram-positive cocci, 1 case of gram-positive bacilli, 3 cases of gram-negative bacilli. Among 19 patients, 4 cases had concurrent fungal infections. The mean number of debridement was 3.1±1.8 times, 2 cases of which were treated with endoscopic transluminal necrosectomy combined with percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy. The mean procedure per patient was 6.1±2.4 times. Bleeding occurred in 1 case (5.3%) after the operation. But the bleeding was successfully stopped after endoscopic hemostasis. No serious complications such as gastrointestinal fistula, perforation or pancreatic fistula occurred. One patient died due to sepsis, and 18 other patients showed significant absorption of IPN after the treatment. None of the 19 patients were transferred to laparotomy.Conclusion:Transgastric combined with percutaneous endoscopic approach is safe and effective for IPN.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1287-1293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the lesion characteristics and predictors of invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-verified obstructive lesions with fractional flow reserve (FFR)>0.80, that is, anatomy-function mismatch.Methods:A total of 515 obstructive vessels in 419 coronary disease patients from 11 Chinese medical centers undergoing coronary CT angiography and ICA and FFR were retrospectively analyzed. All vessels had one target lesion with diameter stenosis ≥50 % by ICA. There were 229 vessels in the match group (FFR≤0.80) and 286 vessels in the mismatch group (FFR>0.80). The lesion characteristics including lesion territory, the distance of the coronary artery ostium to the proximal end of the lesion, minimum lumen area, reference lumen area, plaque length and burden, plaque volume and component volume, remodeling index and plaque morphological complexity were measured and compared between the two groups. Optimal thresholds of quantitative plaque characteristics were defined by Yoden index. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the predictors of anatomy-function mismatch. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the ability of different lesion features to predict mismatched lesions.Results:The coronary stenosis, plaque burden and length, plaque volume (including each component volume) in the mismatch group were smaller than those in the match group, and FFR, minimum lumen area were larger (all P<0.05). Left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesion and severe complex plaque were more common in the match group than the mismatch group with a statistically significant difference. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD lesion, minimum lumen area>4 mm 2, plaque burden and length, plaque calcification volume<27 mm 3, plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3, plaque fiber volume<150 mm 3 and plaque morphological complexity were predictiors of anatomic function mismatched lesions; Multivariate logistic regression showed that the minimum lumen area>4 mm 2 (OR=3.371, 95%CI 1.903-5.973, P<0.001), plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3 (OR=3.014, 95%CI 1.691-5.373, P<0.001), plaque morphological complexity (mild OR=17.772, 95%CI 8.072-39.128, P<0.001, moderate OR=6.383, 95%CI 3.739-10.896, P<0.001) were independent predictors of mismatched lesions. The AUC of the model based on the minimum lumen area, plaque lipid volume and morphological complexity was 0.824, which was superior to either of the plaque feature alone ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The minimum lumen area, lipid volume and plaque morphological complexity are independent predictors of the anatomical-functional mismatch lesions, and the combination can significantly improve the prediction value.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 497-503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of local brain neural activity in post stroke aphasia (PSA) patients in different frequency bands and the relationship between Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) scores and specific frequency bands. Methods:From March, 2015 to May, 2018, 15 PSA patients, and 15 healthy adults as controls matched for age, gender and education were recruited. They were assessed with WAB and scaned with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) on the frequency bands of 0.01-0.08 Hz, 0.027-0.073 Hz, and 0.01-0.027 Hz were calculated. The ALFF and fALFF in different frequency bands were extracted and the correlation with the WAB scores in the patients were analyzed. Results:On 0.01-0.08 Hz, ALFF increased in the right precentral gyrus in the patients. On 0.027-0.073 Hz, ALFF increased values in the right precentral gyrus, and fALFF decreased in the right cerebellar Crus2 region; fALFF in the right cerebellar Crus2 region negatively correlated with the scores of information content (r = -0.576, P = 0.025), auditory comprehension (r = -0.658, P = 0.008), repetition (r = -0.616, P = 0.014) and aphasia quotient (r = -0.611, P = 0.016) of WAB. On 0.01-0.027 Hz, the fALFF decreased in the left inferior parietal limbic gyrus, and positively correlated with the scores of information content (r = 0.538, P = 0.039) and aphasia quotient (r = 0.526, P = 0.044). Conclusion:Resting-state fALFF abnormalities in PSA patients are frequency-dependent, which associate with some frequency-specific neurofunctional alterations.

9.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 608-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888789

ABSTRACT

Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) has been used to treat tumor in China for more than 40 years. However, its components and effectiveness in the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and its mechanism of anti-cancer activity remain unknown. In the current study, high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) was used to analyze the components of BJOE. Then, the anti-leukemia effects of BJOE were examined both in vitro and in vivo using ALL Jurkat cells and the p388 mouse leukemia transplant model, respectively. The primary ALL leukemia cells were also used to confirm the anti-leukemia effects of BJOE. The apoptotic-related results indicated that BJOE induced apoptosis in Jurkat cells and were suggestive of intrinsic apoptotic induction. Moreover, BJOE inhibited Akt (protein kinase B) activation and upregulated its downstream targets p53 and FoxO1 (forkhead box gene, group O-1) to initiate apoptosis. The activation of GSK3β was also involved. Our findings demonstrate that BJOE has anti-leukemia effects on ALL cells and can induce apoptosis in Jurkat cells through the phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K) /Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Brucea/chemistry , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Jurkat Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Seeds/chemistry , Signal Transduction
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1103-1110, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of probiotics combined with applied behavior analysis (ABA) in the treatment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 41 children with ASD who attended the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from May 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled and randomly divided into an observation group with 21 children and a control group with 20 children. The children in the observation group were given oral probiotics combined with ABA intervention, while those in the control group were given ABA intervention alone. The treatment outcomes were compared between the two groups. Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) was used to evaluate the severity of behavioral symptoms in both groups before intervention and at 3 months after intervention. The fecal samples were collected to analyze the difference in intestinal flora between the two groups based on 16s rRNA high-throughput sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, there was no significant difference in the ATEC score between the observation and control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Probiotics may improve the effect of conventional ABA intervention in children with ASD by regulating intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Applied Behavior Analysis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Probiotics , Prospective Studies , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 488-491, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between DSG2, TTN and GATA4 genes and Brugada syndrome in Henan Province of China.@*METHODS@#From February 2017 to February 2019, 100 patients with Brugada syndrome and 100 healthy individuals were selected as the study and the control groups, respectively. Electrocardiogram and echocardiography were carried out, and peripheral blood samples was collected. Coding regions of DSG2, TTN and GATA4 genes were amplified by PCR and sequenced. The results were compared with standard sequences from GenBank.@*RESULTS@#Electrocardiogram showed that all patients from the study group had ventricular arrhythmia, 87 cases (87%) presented ventricular tachycardia (VT), 84 cases (84%) presented T wave inversion, and 51 cases (51%) presented Epsilon wave. Echocardiography showed that the right ventricle in the study group was enlarged with the inner diameter of the right ventricle being (40.0±13.3) mm, and the right ventricle showed various degree of abnormal systolic function. The enlargement of right atrium accounted for 64%, and the involvement of the left ventricle accounted for 27%. The right ventricular diameter and left ventricular diastolic diameter of the study group were significantly greater than those of the control group (P< 0.05). DNA sequencing showed that 60 patients carried DSG2 gene variants, among which 18 had missense variant of exon 8. Fifty patients carried TTN gene variants, including 8 in the A-band domain and 3 in the I-band domain. Twenty patients carried 3 variants of the GATA4 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#Variants of the DSG2, TTN and GATA4 genes in Henan region are correlated with the onset of Brugada syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia , Brugada Syndrome/genetics , China , Connectin , Desmoglein 2/genetics , GATA4 Transcription Factor , Pedigree , Sequence Analysis, DNA
12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 967-977, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833529

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of tube voltage on image quality in coronary CT angiography (CCTA), the estimated radiationdose, and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in peripheral blood lymphocytes to optimize the use of CCTA in the era of lowradiation doses. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 240 patients who were divided into 2 groups according to the DNA DSB analysismethods, i.e., immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Each group was subdivided into 4 subgroups: thosereceiving CCTA only with different tube voltages of 120, 100, 80, or 70 kVp. Objective and subjective image quality wasevaluated by analysis of variance. Radiation dosages were also recorded and compared. @*Results@#There was no significant difference in demographic characteristics between the 2 groups and 4 subgroups in eachgroup (all p > 0.05). As tube voltage decreased, both image quality and radiation dose decreased gradually and significantly.After CCTA, γ-H2AX foci and mean fluorescence intensity in the 120-, 100-, 80-, and 70-kVp groups increased by 0.14, 0.09,0.07, and 0.06 foci per cell and 21.26, 9.13, 8.10, and 7.13 (all p 0.05). @*Conclusion@#The 100-kVp tube voltage may be optimal for CCTA when weighing DNA DSBs against the estimated radiationdose and image quality, with further reductions in tube voltage being unnecessary for CCTA.

13.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 268-275, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743178

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with 125I seed implantation with those of pure TACE in treating primary liver cancer (PHC) complicated by portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) . Methods Computer and manual retrieval of PubMed, Cochrane Library, CBM, Wan Fang Database, China National Knowledge Internet and other databases was conducted to collect the retrospective cohort studies on the comparison of the clinical effect and safety of the combination use of TACE and 125I seed implantation with those of simple TACE in treating PHC complicated by PVTT, from which the relevant data were extracted. The quality of extracted documents was assessed according to the standard of Cochrane manual. Results A total of eight articles containing 822 patients were included in this study. Meta analysis indicated that both the effective rate and disease control rate for PHC complicated by PVTT in TACE plus 125I seed implantation group were significantly higher than those in pure TACE group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05) . The half-year, one-year and 2-year survival rates of TACE plus 125I seed implantation group were better than those of pure TACE group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05) . No statistically significant differences in the incidence of severe complications existed between the two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion In treating PHC complicated by PVTT, the curative effect of TACE plus 125I seed implantation is superior to pure TACE. No obvious difference in the incidence of severe complications exists between the two groups.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 274-280, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754920

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of non?invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in assessing the hemodynamic relevance of myocardial bridging (MB). Methods A total of 60 patients without obstructive coronary artery disease but with CCTA?confirmed MB of the left anterior descending coronary artery and 30 patients with negative CCTA findings as control group were retrospectively included in this study. The 60 patients with MB were divided into 2 groups (superficial and deep MB group) according to the depth of MB. Age and sex were matched among three groups. The location, length, depth, and degree of systolic compression of the MB were measured. The FFRCT values (including systolic and diastolic phases) were measured at three points (segments 1 to 2 cm proximal to a MB, mid?tunneled segment and segments 1 to 2 cm distal to the MB) by cFFR software. Patients with FFRCT<0.75 were deemed to have hemodynamic relevance (abnormal group). χ2 test, ANOVA test, Mann?Whitney U test, Kruskal?Wallis H test and logistic regression model were used for statistical analysis. Results The FFRCT values decreased from diastolic phase to systolic phase in deep MB group [0.90 (0.81-0.94) vs. 0.93 (0.91-0.97), Z=-2.172, P=0.03]. Compared to control group, the FFRCT values decreased in both diastolic phase and systolic phase in superficial MB group as well as deep MB group [systole 0.92 (0.90-0.94) control vs. 0.84 (0.77-0.88) superficial vs. 0.67 (0.50-0.88) deep, H=37.193, P<0.001; diastole 0.93 (0.89-0.94) control vs. 0.85 (0.73-0.92) superficial vs. 0.81 (0.65-0.87) deep, H=26.508, P<0.001]. Abnormal FFRCT values (<0.75) were found in 28 (47.7%) MB patients (9 superficial vs. 19 deep). The length (OR=1.067, 95% CI: 1.016-1.122, P=0.010) and depth (OR=2.028, 95%CI: 1.129-3.644, P=0.018) of MB were associated with the abnormal FFRCT values.Conclusions The FFRCT values of coronary artery distal to MB were lower than that without MB. Abnormal FFRCT values are more prevalent in deep MB. MB length and depth demonstrate moderate predictive value for an abnormal FFRCT value.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 110-114, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the prognostic value of R-ISS staging system in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM).@*METHODS@#The Chinical data of 412 patients with NDMM in our hospital from May 2010 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients received conventional chemotherapy or thalidomide or bortezomib-based chemotherapy. All the patients with NDMM were divided into R-ISS-Ⅰ, R-ISS-Ⅱ and R-ISS-Ⅲ groups according to R-ISS staging system on the basis of ISS staging system, cytogenetics and LDH level. The progression-free survival (PFS) time and overall survival(OS) of different groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Among all 412 patients, 76 were rated as R-ISS-Ⅰ, 259 as R-ISS-Ⅱ and 77 as R-ISS-Ⅲ. The median PFS time in 3 groups were 44, 25 and 14 months respectively (P<0.01). The median OS time of the 3 groups were not reached 54 and 25 months respectively (P<0.01). Further analysis also found that statistically different survival associated with different R-ISS groups in the conventional chemotherapy group (P<0.05), bortezomib-based chemotherapy group (P<0.01), thalidomide-based chemotherapy group (P<0.01), transplantation group (P<0.05), different-age stratified group (≤65y P<0.01, 66-75y P<0.01,≥76y P<0.01), damaged renal function group (P<0.01) and extramedullary infiltration group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#PFS and OS in the patients with multiple myeloma were different among three distrinct R-ISS stages. The R-ISS staging system has important clinical significance for the prognosis evaluation of multiple myeloma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Thalidomide , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 898-902, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796983

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the perception and evaluation of patients with somatic symptom disorder about their own diseases and treatment, and to provide theoretical basis for design of illness perception questionnaire for patients with somatic symptoms disorder.@*Methods@#A semi-structured interview was conducted among 15 initial and untreated patients with somatic symptom disorder using the descriptive qualitative study. The data were sorted, encoded, classified, summarized and refined using MAXQDA10 software.@*Results@#Three main themes and six sub-themes of illness perception in patients with somatic symptom disorder were analyzed and sorted out: (1) symptom recognition: including three sub-themes, low understanding of the disease and denial of somatic symptoms as mental illness; (2)drug taking concerns: including two sub-themes worrying about side effects of drugs, drug addiction and having difficulty to stick to the long-term regular medication; (3)emotional reaction: including the obvious negative emotions of depression and helplessness sub-theme.@*Conclusion@#Patients with somatic symptom disorder have a general bias in illness perception, which has a potential adverse effect on treatment compliance. Therefore, it is necessary for clinical medical staff to early estimate patients’illness perception, and carry out mental health education and rational emotional behavior therapy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 898-902, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791122

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the perception and evaluation of patients with somatic symptom disorder about their own diseases and treatment,and to provide theoretical basis for design of illness percep-tion questionnaire for patients with somatic symptoms disorder. Methods A semi-structured interview was conducted among 15 initial and untreated patients with somatic symptom disorder using the descriptive quali-tative study. The data were sorted,encoded,classified,summarized and refined using MAXQDA10 software. Results Three main themes and six sub-themes of illness perception in patients with somatic symptom dis-order were analyzed and sorted out:(1) symptom recognition:including three sub-themes,low understanding of the disease and denial of somatic symptoms as mental illness;(2)drug taking concerns:including two sub-themes worrying about side effects of drugs,drug addiction and having difficulty to stick to the long-term reg-ular medication;(3)emotional reaction:including the obvious negative emotions of depression and helpless-ness sub-theme. Conclusion Patients with somatic symptom disorder have a general bias in illness percep-tion,which has a potential adverse effect on treatment compliance. Therefore,it is necessary for clinical med-ical staff to early estimate patients’illness perception,and carry out mental health education and rational e-motional behavior therapy.

18.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 207-214,244, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712935

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the pathological damage caused by aquaporin-4 antibody extracted from patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders(NMOSD)and the influence of systemic immune status on the local disease focus.[Methods]The C57BL/6 mice were chose for establishing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).During the peak at onset,serum-derived immunoglobulin G(IgG)from aquaporin-4(AQP4)IgG positive patients and healthy human complement(hC)were injected in the brain parenchyma(EAE+AQP4-IgG+hC group,n=5).The EAE induced mice injected with normal saline(EAE+NS group,n=5)and mice without EAE injected with AQP4-IgG and hC from healthy volunteers(AQP4-IgG + hC group,n=5)were served as control groups. The dramatic loss of AQP4,astrocyte glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP),oligodendrocyte myelin basic protein(MBP)and the infiltration of inflammatory cells(T lymphocytes,neutrophils and macrophages)were compared with each group by using immunoflu-orescence,in order to find abnormal changes.[Results]Intracerebral injection of AQP4-IgG together with hC can cause NMO-like lesions,including astrocyte injury,demyelination and inflammatory cell infiltration.However,EAE mice model with intracerebral injection of AQP4-IgG and hC represented more significant loss of AQP4 and GFAP(P=0.008 and P=0.016,respectively)compared with mice without EAE induced.The area of MBP loss was also increased,while there′s no statistical difference.No statistical difference was also found in the number of vessels infiltrated with CD3+T cell,neu-trophils and the area infiltrated with macrophage. Astrocyte proliferation existed in all groups,but no loss of AQP4, GFAP and MBP was found in EAE mice injected with NS.[Conclusion]Intracerebral injection of AQP4-IgG and hC can cause distinct pathological damage and the pathology can be promoted by immune system activated by EAE.Intracerebral injection of AQP4-IgG and hC can mimic the pathogenesis of NMOSD better in EAE mice model.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1403-1406, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689923

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prognostic value of karyotypic abnormalities in evaluation of prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and laboratory data of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) were retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from May 2010 to May 2016. Patients who carried t(4; 14), t(14; 16) or 17P (at least one of them) were defined as the patients with high-risk karyotype, whereas patients characterized by the absence of the above-mentioned abnormalities were defined as patients with standard-risk karyotype. PFS (progression-free survival, PFS) and OS (over all survival, OS) time was compared between the 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 110 cases in the high-risk group, and 302 cases in the standard-risk group. The clinical characteristics, such as age, sex, ISS stage and treatment regimen etc were not statistically different between 2 groups. The median OS time of patients in the high-risk and standard-risk groups were 42 months (CI 95%: 34.375-49.625 months) and 53 months (CI 95%: 46.310-59.690 months) (P<0.05). The median PFS time of patients in the high-risk group and standard-risk groups was 21 months (CI95%: 17.198-24.802 months) and 27 months (CI95%: 23.406-30.594 months) (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among patients with newly diagnosed MM, the PFS and OS time in the patients with high-risk karyotype is shorter than that in patients with standard-risk karyotyp.</p>

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1122-1128, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689518

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations in patients with BCR/ABL1 negative chronic myeloproliferative diseases(BCR/ABL1-CMPD)and to evaluate their diagnostic value.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and eight cases of BCR/ABL1-CMPD comprising of 146 cases of essential thrombocythemia(ET), 37 cases of polycythemia vera(PV)and 25 cases of primary myelofibrosis(PMF)from March 2012 to December 2015 were enrolled in the BCR/ABL1-CMPD, while 124 cases of secondary thrombocythemia and 73 cases of secondary polycythemia were enrolled in the control group. The genomic DNA and total RNA Were isolated from bone marrow or peripheral blood, then the exons 12 to 20 of JAK2 gene, exon 10 of MPL gene and exons 3 to 9 of CALR gene were analyzed by using DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>among 146 ET patients, the JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were found in: 138 cases(94.5%)including 86 cases with JAK2V617F mutation(58.9%)and 2 cases(1.4%)with exon 12 of JAK2 mutations. CALR mutations were detected in 41 cases(28.1%), among them type 1(c.1092_1143del)in 22 cases, type 2(c.1154_1155insTTGTC)in 11 cases, and type 5(c. 1091_1142del), type 8(c.1104_1137del), type 41(c.1107_1137del), type 42(c.1125_1125del)in one case respectively. In addition, 4 cases were detected withother mutations of the CALR gene(c.1107_1115del, c.1111_1144 del, c.1101 A>C, c.1112_1117del). Moreover, 9 cases harbored MPL mutations(6.2%). Secondly, 31 patients were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(83.8%)in 37 cases of PV, and JAK2 exon 12 mutations were found in 2 cases(5.4%). Besides, CALR mutations were detected in 2 cases(5.4%), including 1 case of type I, the other of novel mutation of CALR. Thirdly, 19 in 25 cases of PMF were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(76%), 2 cases with CALR mutations(8%). 4 patients(16%), JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were not detected, but among them 3 cases were found harboring other genetic abnormalities. Fourthly, no mutations of JAK2, MPL and CALR genes were detected in 124 patients with secondary thrombocytosis and 73 cases with secondary polycythemia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined detection of JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations can cover the vast majority of patients with BCR/ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. For higher frequencies of the mutations of CALR in ET patients, CALR mutation can be used as a new diagnostic marker in ET patients with JAK2 and MPL wild type.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Calreticulin , Janus Kinase 2 , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Polycythemia Vera , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Thrombocythemia, Essential
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