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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 237-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873646

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate eating behavior and associated family factors of preschool children during the prevalence of Corona Virus Disease(COVID-19), and to provide scientific basis for healthy eating behavior for preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 1 829 preschool children were investigated by electronic questionnaire from 5 kindergartens in Shenzhen from March 18-20, 2020. SPSS 19.0 was used to perform logistic regression analysis on the factors for eating behavior.@*Results@#The rate of unhealthy eating behavior during the prevalence of COVID-19 was 47.2%. The rate of unhealthy eating behaviors in boys and girls were 46.1% and 48.4%, respectively. And there was no significant difference between different genders(χ 2=1.02,P=0.31). The rate of unhealthy eating behaviors of preschool children aged 3-, 4-, 5- and 6- were 56.6%, 56.8%, 42.3% and 29.9%, respectively, and the differences between different ages were significant(χ 2=72.17,P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that fathers high education level, mothers education level(OR=0.78,0.77,0.21), and parents satisfaction with children s eating were associated with low nutritional problems of child, while parental permission to play while eating, criticize while eating, force child to eat more and force child to eat foods they do not like, and parental concerns about children s appetite, were associated with more unhealthy eating behavior(OR=6.29,1.80,2.20,1.70,2.16)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of unhealthy eating behaviors of preschool children during the prevalence of COVID-19 is lower than usual, but the health education of preschool children s families still needs to be strengthened.

2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 520-544, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888711

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is essential for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and its dysfunction has been linked to various diseases. Autophagy is a membrane driven process and tightly regulated by membrane-associated proteins. Here, we summarized membrane lipid composition, and membrane-associated proteins relevant to autophagy from a spatiotemporal perspective. In particular, we focused on three important membrane remodeling processes in autophagy, lipid transfer for phagophore elongation, membrane scission for phagophore closure, and autophagosome-lysosome membrane fusion. We discussed the significance of the discoveries in this field and possible avenues to follow for future studies. Finally, we summarized the membrane-associated biochemical techniques and assays used to study membrane properties, with a discussion of their applications in autophagy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907127

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemiological characteristics and incidence trend of influenza-like illness in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019, in order to understand the patterns of influenza epidemic of Xuhui District,and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of influenza in the future. MethodsSurveillance data of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the National Influenza Surveillance System for statistical description and trend analysis. ResultsFrom 2010 to 2019, the overall proportion of influenza-like illness was 0.54%. The annual proportions of ILI were between 0.35%~1.14%.The majority of cases were reported in age group of 25~59, accounted for 54.50% of the total ILI. A total of 9 053 throat swab specimens from ILI patients were collected and tested, from which 2 137 specimens were positive, with a positive rate of 23.61%. The most frequent subtype of influenza virus detected was influenza A virus (accounting for 67.62%). The proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acid detection reached the peak in summer and winter over time. There was a positive correlation between the proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza (r=0.666, P<0.01). From 2010 to 2019, both ILI% and nucleic acid positive rate of influenza virus showed a downward trend. ConclusionThe incidence of influenza shows a downward trend in Xuhui District, with two peaks in summer and winter. The most susceptible individuals are in 25~59 age group. The dominant strains of influenza virus alternate regularly, influenza A(H3N2) dominate the summer epidemic peak while the epidemic peak in winter is dominated by influenza A(H1N1) and influenza B.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907104

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemiological characteristics and incidence trend of influenza-like illness in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019, in order to understand the patterns of influenza epidemic of Xuhui District,and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of influenza in the future. MethodsSurveillance data of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Xuhui District from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the National Influenza Surveillance System for statistical description and trend analysis. ResultsFrom 2010 to 2019, the overall proportion of influenza-like illness was 0.54%. The annual proportions of ILI were between 0.35%~1.14%.The majority of cases were reported in age group of 25~59, accounted for 54.50% of the total ILI. A total of 9 053 throat swab specimens from ILI patients were collected and tested, from which 2 137 specimens were positive, with a positive rate of 23.61%. The most frequent subtype of influenza virus detected was influenza A virus (accounting for 67.62%). The proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acid detection reached the peak in summer and winter over time. There was a positive correlation between the proportion of ILI and the positive rate of influenza (r=0.666, P<0.01). From 2010 to 2019, both ILI% and nucleic acid positive rate of influenza virus showed a downward trend. ConclusionThe incidence of influenza shows a downward trend in Xuhui District, with two peaks in summer and winter. The most susceptible individuals are in 25~59 age group. The dominant strains of influenza virus alternate regularly, influenza A(H3N2) dominate the summer epidemic peak while the epidemic peak in winter is dominated by influenza A(H1N1) and influenza B.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the targeting evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations based on supramolecular Qi chromatography theory, and to study the liver targeting effect of Bupleuri Radix on Pien Tze Huang. Method:The molecular connectivity index (MCI) was used to analyze the characteristics of imprinted template and liver targeting tendency of TCM mainly attributed to liver meridian and components of Pien Tze Huang, and combined with target dynamics and total statistical moment principle, aimed at the independent action characteristics of multi-component imprinted template of TCM, a method for evaluating the targeting of TCM preparations was established. Hepatoma rats in Pien Tze Huang group, Bupleuri Radix<italic> </italic>group, Pien Tze Huang+Bupleuri Radix group and blank group were tested and verified. Result:After the average value of MCI of TCM mainly attributed to liver meridian was deducted, the MCI similarity between Pien Tze Huang group and Bupleuri Radix group was 0.376 8, Pien Tze Huang+Bupleuri Radix group and Bupleuri Radix group was 0.988 2, so it was predicted that Bupleuri Radix could enhance the liver targeting of Pien Tze Huang. A system for evaluating the targeting of TCM compounds was established, including relative total uptake efficiency (RUE<sub>T</sub>), relative total concentration (RC<sub>T</sub>), relative imprinted tendency (RIT<sub>T</sub>) and relative imprinted variance (RIV<sub>T</sub>). The RUE<sub>T</sub> and RC<sub>T</sub> of liver were the highest in all tissues (RUE<sub>T</sub>=1.88>1,RC<sub>T</sub><italic>=</italic>2.30>1), and the corresponding values of other tissues were all <1, indicating that Pien Tze Huang combined with Bupleuri Radix could increase its distribution in liver and enhance liver targeting. Except for plasma, the RIT<sub>T</sub> and RIV<sub>T</sub> of other tissues fluctuated around 1.0, indicating that targeted modification did not change imprinted tendency of Pien Tze Huang and had no significant effect on the types of components. Conclusion:Under the guidance of supramolecular Qi chromatography theory, a targeting evaluation parameter system can be established to characterize the multi-component imprinted effect of TCM preparations by MCI and total statistical moment parameters, so as to realize the evaluation of targeting of TCM preparations. The addition of Bupleuri Radix can increase the liver targeting of Pien Tze Huang.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905976

ABSTRACT

The application of modern scientific theories and technologies to explore the mechanism of Chinese medicine and its compounds is one of the key issues in realizing the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. Chinese medicine and its compounds produce comprehensive pharmacodynamics through multiple components acting on multiple targets, the core of clarifying the mechanism is to solve the key scientific problems of static correlation and dynamic integration verification between the components and the target network topology. At present, the effective method to clarify the mechanism of Chinese medicine and its compounds is to statically correlate the topological network of in vitro components and targets through network pharmacology. Although there are also component-target verification studies, they often learn from research idea of single component-single target, it is urgent to establish a quantitative integration and overall verification method that conforms to the characteristics of TCM. According to supramolecular Qi chromatography theory of TCM, the microscopic mechanism of interaction between Chinese medicine and human body is actually the two supramolecular host and object groups (the active ingredient group of Chinese medicine and the target group of human body) based on imprinted template, which shows the macroscopic properties and pharmacodynamics. Based on this, the author proposes to use supramolecular Qi chromatography theory as the guidance, combined with supramolecular chemistry, network dynamics, quantitative pharmacology and other methods to quantitatively integrate and verify the compositions and the target groups with imprinted template as the core predicted by network pharmacology, looking for the optimal quality markers, greatly reducing the difficulty of multi-component-multi-target experimental verification of Chinese medicine and its compounds.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905885

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer, a malignancy with high incidence rate and mortality rate, is a major threat to human life and health. At present, the common methods for the treatment of lung cancer include surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, but these methods generally have the problems of severe toxic/side effect and high treatment cost. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has a history of more than 2 000 years of application in China and has its unique advantages in the treatment of tumors. Modern pharmacological experiments have found that TCM can inhibit tumor growth, prolong patients' survival, and improve clinical symptoms and patients' quality of life by inducing tumor cell apoptosis, inhibiting tumor angiogenesis, and reducing tumor cell drug resistance. Apoptosis is a process of spontaneous programmed cell death, which is closely related to the occurrence and development of the tumor. Studies have shown that many Chinese medicines can inhibit the development of lung cancer by inducing apoptosis. This study searched, analyzed, and summarized the available papers on the mechanism of TCM in the treatment of lung cancer by inducing apoptosis. It is found that Chinese medicine induces lung cancer cell apoptosis mainly by regulating apoptosis-related factors and apoptosis-related signaling pathways [inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs), B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), p53 protein, the second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (SMAC)/direct IAP-binding protein with low isoelectric point (DIABLO), extrinsic apoptotic pathway, endogenous mitochondrial pathway, Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. In addition, the Wnt/β-catenin/survivin signaling pathway and the Notch signaling pathway also play an important role in inducing apoptosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of the substance benchmark of Xiao Chengqitang and evaluate its quality with chemical pattern recognition method. Method:Diamonsil C<sub>18</sub> column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) was used, mobile phase was consisted of methanol (A)-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-60 min, 20%-90%A; 60-70 min, 90%-100%A), the flow rate was 1 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 25 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. The similarity evaluation system of chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (2012 edition) was used to evaluate the similarity of HPLC fingerprint of 15 batches of substance benchmark of Xiao Chengqitang, and the chromatographic data were analyzed by cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis, in order to evaluate the quality difference between different batches of substance benchmarks of Xiao Chengqitang and find out the main chemical components that caused the quality difference. Result:The HPLC fingerprint of Xiao Chengqitang substance benchmarks was established, 31 common peaks were identified, and 18 components were identified by comparing with the reference substances. The similarities of 15 batches of HPLC fingerprint of Xiao Chengqitang substance benchmarks were >0.92. The samples could be divided into two categories by three chemical pattern recognition methods. Nine main components leading to the quality discrepancy of samples between batches were screened out, including rhein, chrysophanol-8-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aloe-emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, sennoside A, chrysophanol-1-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, rhein-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside and others. Conclusion:The established fingerprint analysis method is accurate, stable and reproducible, which basically reflects the overall chemical composition characteristics of Xiao Chengqitang, and can be used for the quality control of Xiao Chengqitang preparations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912871

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy of mild moxibustion combined with functional exercise in the treatment of upper-limb lymphedema after breast cancer surgery and its effect on serum vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C). Methods: Seventy-eight patients were divided into a control group and an observation group by the random number table method, with 39 cases in each group. The control group received functional exercise and the observation group received mild moxibustion plus functional exercise. The differences in circumference between the two upper limbs, the lymphatic flow of the affected upper limb, the disability of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, the functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast (FACT-B) score and serum VEGF-C level between the two groups were compared before and after treatment. Efficacy was evaluated after treatment. Results: The total effective rate was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The difference in circumference between the two upper limbs of the two groups decreased significantly after treatment (both P<0.05), but it was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The lymphatic flow of the affected upper limb of the two groups increased significantly after treatment (both P<0.05), but it was significantly greater in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The DASH scores of the two groups decreased significantly after treatment (both P<0.05), but it was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The FACT-B scores of the two groups increased significantly after treatment (both P<0.05), but it was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the serum VEGF-C level increased significantly in the observation group (P<0.05), whereas the control group did not show significant change (P>0.05). The post-treatment serum VEGF-C level was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy of mild moxibustion combined with functional exercise for upper-limb lymphedema after breast cancer surgery is certain, which can reduce the difference in circumference between the two upper limbs, increase the lymphatic flow of the affected upper limb, improve the limb function and the quality of life, and regulate the serum VEGF-C level.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912848

ABSTRACT

To strengthen the Party′s overall leadership over public hospitals is the cornerstone to ensure nonprofit and sustainable development of public hospitals.It is a vital guarantee to promote the Party construction work at public hospitals by establishing and improving the hospital′s internal management organization, management system, rules of procedure and handling system. This study aimed to establish the operation system of the rules of procedure of the Party committee meeting of public hospitals by building an office automation platform. This system could connect functions covering topics determination, meeting convening, resolution implementation, and supervision in an effort to achieve a closed-loop management and to realize the controllability, feedback and traceability of the decision-making process. The closed-loop management could not only ensures that the decision-making process be scientific and standardized, but also the decision-making efficiency, for reference in the Party committees of other public hospitals in improving their efficiency and quality of debate and decision making.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1631-1639, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910757

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this study, a gait acquisition and analysis system is developed to provide a cheap, easy-to-use solution for quantitative recording and analysis of patients' gaits.Methods:From April 2017 to October 2018, we collected the gait data of 19 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 19 healthy volunteers in the orthopaedic outpatient department. Among 19 patients, there were 9 males and 10 females, aged 50.1±9.4 years old. Among 19 healthy volunteers, there were 8 males and 11 females, aged 50.7±10.3 years old. Then, from the collected gait data, the static gait features such as gait speed, step length, stride, and dynamic gait features were automatically calculated, and the statistical difference analysis was finished to determine the correlation between these quantitative gait features and knee osteoarthritis.Results:Firstly, the gait data collected by the depth camera was compared with the data from the multi infrared camera-based motion analysis system (gold standard). The average angle error of the collected knee joint angle was 0.98 degrees, which proved the correctness of the gait data recorded by the depth camera. The statistical difference analysis of gait characteristics between the patient group and the healthy group showed that the gait characteristics with P<0.05 included: gait speed ( r=-0.922, P<0.001), step length ( r=-0.897, P=0.004), stride ( r=-0.914 , P<0.001), dynamic characteristics of angle of knee joint ( r=0.775, P=0.001). Conclusion:The gait acquisition and analysis system based on the depth camera can accurately record and store the gait data of the patients with knee osteoarthritis. Moreover, the extracted quantitative gait features have statistical differences between the patients and the healthy group, which is helpful for the gait analysis of bone joint.

12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 532-536, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888447

ABSTRACT

We aim to design a new glanuloplasty procedure combined with spongiosum to reduce the incidence of glans dehiscence and coronal fistula after proximal hypospadias repair. Patients who underwent urethroplasty by dorsal preputial island flap for proximal hypospadias between January 2014 and December 2016 were reviewed in this retrospective cohort study. Those who underwent spongiosum-combined glanuloplasty comprised the new-maneuver group, whereas those who underwent conventional glanuloplasty comprised the control group. The incidence of complications was then compared. In the new-maneuver group, dysplastic corpus spongiosum alongside lateral Buck's fascia (0.3-0.4 cm wide) on both sides of the urethral plate was separated from the proximal normal spongy tissue, joining into the glans wings to increase tissue volume and covering the neourethra in the glans penis. In the control group, the neourethra was covered with superficial fascia under the coronal sulcus. As a result, the new-maneuver and control groups comprised 47 and 28 patients, respectively. In the new-maneuver group, no glans dehiscence was detected; however, two (4.3%) patients had coronal fistula, two (4.3%) had urethral stricture, and four (8.5%) had diverticulum. In the control group, two (7.1%) patients had glans dehiscence, eight (28.6%) had coronal fistula, four (14.3%) had urethral stricture, one (3.6%) had diverticulum, and one (3.6%) had penile curvature recurrence. The new-maneuver group had less incidences of coronal fistula (P < 0.001), glans dehiscence (P = 0.033), and urethral stricture (P = 0.008) but had a higher incidence of diverticulum than the control group (P = 0.040). It clearly demonstrates that spongiosum-combined glanuloplasty can significantly reduce the incidences of coronal fistula and glans dehisce.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888069

ABSTRACT

Sanguinarine is the main active component of the Papaver plants, and protopine-6-hydroxylase(P6 H), involved in the sanguinarine biosynthetic pathway, can oxidize protopine to 6-hydroxyprotopine. The investigation on the diversity of P6 H genes in the medicinal Papaver plants contributes to the acquirement of P6 H with high activity to increase the biosynthesis of sanguinarine. Five P6 H genes in P. somniferum, P. orientale, and P. rhoeas were discovered based on the re-sequencing data of the Papaver species, followed by bioinformatics analysis. With the elongation factor 1α(EF-1α), which exhibits stable expression in the root and stem, as the internal reference gene, the transcription levels of P6H genes in roots and stems of the Papaver plants were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. As indicated by the re-sequencing results, there were two genotypes of P6H in P. somniferum and P. orientale, respectively, and only one in P. rhoeas. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the P6 H proteins of the three Papaver plants contained the conserved domain cl12078, which is the characteristic of p450 supergene family, and transmembrane regions. The existence of signal peptide remained verification. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR results revealed that the transcription level of P6 H in roots of P. somniferum was about 1.44 times of that in stems(α=0.05). The present study confirmed genetic diversity of P6 H in the three medicinal Papaver plants, which lays a basis for the research on the biosynthesis pathway and mechanism of sanguinarine in Papaver species.


Subject(s)
Benzophenanthridines , Berberine Alkaloids , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Genetic Variation , Papaver/genetics
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1855-1860, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887365

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect of miRNA-147 targeted regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)on the proliferation, apoptosis and migration of human retinal pigment epithelial cells, and to explore its molecular mechanism. <p>METHODS: Human retinal pigment epithelial(ARPE-19)cells were selected and divided into 7 groups: blank control group(untreated), nonsense miRNA group(transfected with mimic NC), miRNA-147 simulant group(transfected with miRNA-147 mimic), inhibitor negative control group(transfected with shRNA NC), VEGF inhibitor group(transfected with shRNA VEGF), miRNA-147 simulant+empty viral vector group(transfected with miRNA-147 mimic and pcDNA3.1)and miRNA-147 simulant+VEGF overexpression group(transfected with miRNA-147 mimic and pcDNA3.1 VEGF). RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of miRNA-147 and VEGF mRNA. Dual luciferase experiments were used to verify the targeting relationship between miRNA-147 and VEGF. Western blot was used to detect the expression of VEGF protein. MTT method was used to detect the proliferation. Flow cytometry to detect the apoptosis level and cell cycle changes. Cell scratch test to detect the level of cell migration. <p>RESULTS: Compared with the blank control group and the nonsense miRNA group, the expression level of miRNA-147 in miRNA-147 simulant group was significantly increased, while the expression levels of VEGF mRNA and protein were significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.05). Compared with the inhibitor negative control group, the expression levels of VEGF mRNA and protein in the VEGF inhibitor group were significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.05). Compared with the miRNA-147 simulant+empty viral vector group, the expression level of VEGF mRNA in the miRNA-147 simulant+VEGF overexpression group was significantly increased(<i>P</i><0.05). The dual luciferase report shows that VEGF is the target gene of miRNA-147. Transfection of miRNA-147 mimic and shRNA VEGF can reduce the proliferation and migration of ARPE-19 cells and promote apoptosis can reduce the proliferation and migration of ARPE-19 cells and promote apoptosis(<i>P</i><0.05). Transfection VEGF overexpression reverses the effect of miRNA-147 mimics on proliferation, migration and apoptosis of ARPE-19 cells(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: miRNA-147 can inhibit ARPE-19 cell proliferation, migration and promote cell apoptosis by targeting VEGF.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886860

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the effect of pulmonary ultrasound on pulmonary complications in ultra-fast-track anesthesia for congenital heart disease surgery. Methods    In 2019, 60 patients with congenital heart diseases underwent ultra-fast-track anesthesia in Shenzhen Children's Hospital, including 34 males and 26 females with the age ranging from 1 month to 6 years. They were randomly divided into a normal group (group N, n=30) and a lung ultrasound optimization group (group L, n=30). Both groups were used the same anesthesia method and anesthetic compatibility. The group N was anesthetized by ultra-fast-track, the tracheal tube was removed after operation and then the patients were sent to the cardiac intensive care unit (CCU). After operation in the group L, according to the contrast of pre- and post-operational lung ultrasonic examination results, for the patients with fusion of B line, atelectasis and pulmonary bronchus inflating sign which caused the increase of lung ultrasound score (LUS), targeted optimization treatment was performed, including sputum suction in the tracheal tube, bronchoscopy alveolar lavage, manual lung inflation suction, ultrasound-guided lung recruitment and other optimization treatments, and then the patients were extubated after lung ultrasound assessment and sent to CCU. The occurrence of pulmonary complications, LUS, oxygenation index (OI), extubation time, etc were compared between the two groups. Results    Compared with the induction of anesthesia and 1 hour after extubation of the two groups, the incidence of pulmonary complications in the group L (18 patients, 60.0%) was lower than that in the group N (26 patients, 86.7%, χ2= 4.17, P=0.040) and the rate of patients with LUS score reduction was higher in the group L (15 patients, 50.0%) than that in the group N (7 patients, 23.3%, χ2=4.59, P=0.032). The correlation analysis between the LUS and OI value of all patients at each time point showed a good negative correlation (P<0.05). Extubation time in the group L was longer than that in the group N (18.70±5.42 min vs. 13.47±4.73 min, P=0.001). Conclusion    Ultra-fast-track anesthesia for congenital heart disease can be optimized by pulmonary ultrasound examination before extubation, which can significantly reduce postoperative pulmonary complications, improve postoperative lung imaging performance, and help patients recover after surgery, and has clinical application value.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of nourishing feeding in patients with acute respiratory failure.Methods:One hundred patients with acute respiratory failure who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, China from December 2018 to March 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group ( n = 50/group). After admission, all patients were actively treated and given enteral nutritional support. The gastric tube was indwelled. The head of the bed was elevated by 30-40°. The control group was given enteral nutrition which could reach the target dose within 2 days. The observation group was given nourishing feeding. Before and after 7 days of treatment, serum levels of hemoglobin (Hb), albumin (ALB) and total plasma protein as well as white blood cell and lymphocyte counts were determined. Intestinal tolerance was monitored during the treatment period. Mechanical ventilation time, length of intensive care unit stay, total hospital stay, and infection were compared between the control and observation groups. The number of deaths within 60 days after admission was recorded. Results:After treatment, serum levels of ALB, Hb and total plasma protein in the observation group were (49.86 ± 2.41) g/L, (134.96 ± 9.23) g/L, (54.18 ± 3.96) g/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(42.34 ± 2.29) g/L, (127.49 ± 6.11) g/L, (42.86 ± 2.88) g/L, ( t = 15.99, 4.77, 16.35, all P < 0.01). After treatment, serum levels of ALB, Hb and total plasma protein in each group were significantly increased compared with before treatment (all P < 0.05). After treatment, white cell count in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(7.96 ± 1.06) × 10 9/L vs. (10.27 ± 2.35) × 10 9/L, t = 6.34, P < 0.01]. Lymphocyte count in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(1.19 ± 0.47) × 10 9/L vs. (1.02 ± 0.34) × 10 9/L, t = 2.07, P = 0.04]. After treatment, white cell count in each group was significantly decreased, and lymphocyte count in each group was significantly increased compared with before treatment (both P < 0.05). Intestinal intolerance rate in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (22.0% vs. 52.0%, χ2 = 9.65, P < 0.01). The duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay and total hospital stay in the observation group were (14.75 ± 5.36) d, (15.81 ± 6.28) d and (24.94 ± 7.18) d, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(18.69 ± 8.64) d, (27.96 ± 8.44) d and (29.84 ± 8.65) d, t = 2.74, 8.17 and 3.08, all P < 0.01]. The infection rate in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (24.0% vs. 44.0%, χ2 = 4.46, P = 0.03). Conclusion:Nourishing feeding for enteral nutrition in patients with acute respiratory failure can better improve the nutritional status, reduce the level of systemic inflammation, improve the immune function, can be tolerated by the intestine, avoid infection, and promote the rehabilitation of patients with acute respiratory failure.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 404-409, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the applicability of different thyroid volume correction methods for school-age children in Wuhan, and to explore the appropriate thyroid volume correction methods for school-age children in Wuhan.Methods:From May to August 2019, Hongshan, Hanyang, Hannan, Jiangxia and Dongxihu districts of Wuhan were divided into five sampling areas according to five directions: east, west, south, north and middle. One primary school was selected from each area, and 40 non-boarding students aged 8 - 10 years old (gender balanced) were selected from each primary school as survey subjects. Random urine sample and household edible salt sample were collected to detect urinary iodine and salt iodine contents, and the height, weight and thyroid volume of the children were measured. At the same time, the thyroid volume was corrected by height corrected volume index 1 (HVI1), weight and height corrected volume index (WHVI), body mass index corrected volume (BMIV), body surface area corrected volume (BSAV) and height corrected volume index 2 (HVI2).Results:A total of 1 000 children aged 8- 10 years old were investigated, including 499 boys and 501 girls; among them, there were 269, 321 and 410 children aged 8, 9 and 10 years old, respectively. The median urinary iodine was 247.50 μg/L; the median salt iodine was 23.20 mg/kg; the height, weight and thyroid volume were 140.00 (133.00, 146.00) cm, 31.00 (27.00, 37.00) kg and 2.56 (2.13, 3.21) ml, respectively. A total of 30 children with goiter were detected, and the goiter rate was 3% (30/1 000). The thyroid volumes of boys and girls were 2.57 (2.16, 3.28) and 2.56 (2.10, 3.16) ml, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( U = - 0.981, P > 0.05). The thyroid volumes of children aged 8, 9 and 10 years old were 2.31 (1.98, 2.81), 2.68 (2.13, 3.30) and 2.74 (2.28, 3.35) ml, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( H = 47.585, P < 0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the original thyroid volume was positively correlated with height and weight in children aged 8, 9 and 10 years old ( P < 0.01). After HVI1 correction, no correlation was found between thyroid volume and height in children aged 8 years old ( P > 0.05), but thyroid volume was positively correlated with weight ( P < 0.01); thyroid volume was positively correlated with height and weight in children aged 9 and 10 years old ( P < 0.01). After WHVI correction, the thyroid volumes of children aged 8, 9, and 10 years old were negatively correlated with height and weight ( P < 0.01). After BMIV correction, the thyroid volume was positively correlated with height in children aged 8, 9, and 10 years old ( P < 0.01); thyroid volume was negatively correlated with weight in children aged 10 years old ( P < 0.05). After BSAV correction, thyroid volume was positively correlated with weight in children aged 9 years old ( P < 0.05). After HVI2 correction, thyroid volume was positively correlated with weight in children aged 9 years old ( P < 0.01). The thyroid volume obtained by the 5 correction methods were all smaller than the original thyroid volume, and the thyroid volume after BSAV correction was the closest to the original thyroid volume, with a difference of 0.87% - 13.87%. Conclusions:The thyroid volume of school-age children in Wuhan is affected by age, height, and weight, judgment of goiter should be corrected for these factors. BSAV is relatively independent and stable, it can eliminate the effect of height and weight on thyroid volume. It is initially considered that BSAV is suitable for the correction of thyroid volume in school-age children in Wuhan.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and evaluate the safety of intravitreal injection of recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) with different concentrations in rabbit eyes.Methods:Thirty healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits were enrolled with the right eyes selected as experimental eyes, and were randomly divided into five groups by random distribution of computer numbers, with 6 eyes in each group.The rabbits in the normal control group were given no treatment, and the rabbits in the normal saline group, 0.125 mg rh-endostatin group, 0.250 mg rh-endostatin group and 0.500 mg rh-endostatin group were treated with 100 μl of normal saline, 0.125 mg/100 μl, 0.250 mg/100 μl and 0.500 mg/100 μl rh-endostatin according to grouping, respectively.The anterior segment and fundus of the experimental eyes were examined using slit lamp biomicroscope and indirect ophthalmoscope, and the intraocular pressure (IOP) of the experimental eyes were measured with iCARE handheld tonometer before injection and 1 day, 3, 7, 14, 30 and 60 days after injection.Optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination was performed before the intravitreal injection and 7, 30, and 60 days after injection, respectively.Flash electroretinogram was performed before intravitreal injection and 14 days and 60 days after injection.The rabbits were sacrificed by euthanasia at 60th day after injection.Three experimental eyes of each group were dissected and made into paraffin section, and histopathological staining was used to detect the retinal structural changes.The retinal tissue was separated from the other three study eyes in each group, and the transmission electron microscope was employed to observe the ultrastructural changes of the retina.All animal experiments were performed in adherence to the Regulations of the State and the Animal Center of Yangzhou University Medical College for the Use of Animals in Research.Results:After intravitreal injection, no obvious anterior or posterior chamber change was observed by slit lamp microscopy in all groups at any time point.Flocculent seepage was observed in one eye of the 0.125 mg and 0.500 mg rh-endostatin group, respectively, which was then absorbed completely on the 7th and 14th day.OCT examination showed no abnormal light reflection or morphological changes in fundus of day after injection in all the groups.There was no significant difference in IOP, a-wave and b-wave amplitude among all the groups at different time points ( Fgroup=0.134, 0.101, 0.476; Ftime=1.709, 2.479, 1.706; all at P>0.05). Neither light nor electron microscopy showed any retinal damage in any group. Conclusions:Intravitreal injection of rh-endostatin is safe at the dosage of 0.125-0.500 mg in rabbits.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878925

ABSTRACT

To study the time-toxicity relationship and mechanism of Gardeniae Fructus extract on the hepatoxicity in rats. Rats were randomly divided into C group(0 day), D5 group(5 days), D12 group(12 days), D19 group(19 days), and D26 group(7 days recovery after 19 days of administration). The rats in normal group received normal saline through intragastric administration, and the rats in other groups received 10 g·kg~(-1 )Gardeniae Fructus extract through intragastric administration. After the final administration, the livers were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the histopathological changes in the liver tissue. Total liver proteins were extracted for proteomic analysis, detected by the Nano-ESI liquid-mass spectrometry system and identified by Protein Disco-very software. SIEVE software was used for relative quantitative and qualitative analysis of proteins. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed based on STRING. Cytoscape software was used for cluster analysis of differential proteins. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) database was used to perform enrichment signal pathway analysis. Pearson correlation analysis was performed for the screened differential protein expression and liver pathology degree score. The results showed that the severity of liver injury in D5, D12 and D19 groups was significantly higher than that in group C. The degree of liver damage in D5 group was slightly higher than that in D12 and D19 groups, with no significant difference between group D26 and group C. Totally 147 key differential proteins have been screened out by proteomics and mainly formed 6 clusters, involving in drug metabolism pathways, retinol metabolism pathways, proteasomes, amino acid biosynthesis pathways, and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis pathways. The results of Pearson correlation analysis indicated that differential protein expressions had a certain temporal relationship with the change of liver pathological degree. The above results indicated that the severity of liver damage caused by Gardeniae Fructus extract did not increase with time and would recover after drug with drawal. The above pathways may be related to the mechanism of liver injury induced by Gardeniae Fructus extract.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Fruit , Gardenia , Liver , Proteomics , Rats , Signal Transduction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical manifestations, imaging features and prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) combined with lung injury, aiming to improve the understanding of the disease.Methods:Clinical data from 464 children with JIA who were hospitalized in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2016 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Their clinical manifestations, high resolution CT (HRCT) features, lung function and follow-up of children with lung injury were analyzed.Results:Among 464 children with JIA, 40 cases (8.62%) combined with lung injury.There were no significant differences in the age and sex between JIA children either combined with lung injury or not (all P>0.05). Among them, there were 125 cases of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA) and 28 cases (22.4%) of JIA combined with lung injury, accounting for the highest proportion (70%, 28/40 cases) in JIA children combined with lung injury.Among 40 JIA children combined with lung injury, 22 cases (55.0%) had respiratory symptoms and 7 cases (17.5%) had obvious hypoxia.HRCT examination was performed in them, and the imaging findings included high-density strip or strip flocculation (75.0%, 30/40 cases), pleural thickening (45.0%, 18/40 cases), ground glass shadow (22.5%, 9/40 cases), nodular lesion (20.0%, 8/40 cases), vesicles or cystic emphysema (15.0%, 6/40 cases). Lung function was detected in 12/20 children with varying degrees of pulmonary function abnormalities, most of which were mixed ventilation dysfunction, and 2 cases still had pulmonary function abnormalities after treatment.During the follow-up for 3 months to 3.5 years, 4 cases (10%) JIA combined with lung injury died.A total of 29 children were re-examined by pulmonary CT in the follow-up visit, including 14 (48.28%) improved, 8 cases (27.58%) with no significant improvement, and 7 cases (24.14%) with repeated disease. Conclusions:JIA is a common rheumatic immune disease in children and all subtypes can be combined with lung injury, manifesting as interstitial lung disease mainly.The age and sex of JIA children combined with lung injury are not specific factors.The proportion of lung injury in SoJIA is significantly higher than that in other subtypes.SoJIA combined with macrophage activation syndrome can lead to respiratory failure, respiratory distress syndrome, and even death, which is one of the main factors leading to poor prognosis of JIA.HRCT is more sensitive to the diagnosis of lung injury.Lung function detection is a simple and easy method to evaluate and monitor lung injury.The prognosis of JIA children combined with lung injury is poor, which should be well concerned.

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