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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of oral mifepristone (10 mg/day) versus placebo in the preoperative treatment of uterine fibroids.Methods:This study was a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo, parallel controlled trial. A total of 132 patients with uterine fibroids were randomly divided into study group and control group, with 66 cases in each group. The patients in the study group orally took 1 tablet/day of mifepristone (dose of 10 mg/tablet), the patients in the control group orally took 1 tablet/day of placebo, and both groups were treated for 3 months. The primary efficacy evaluation indicators were the change rate of maximum fibroid volume; the secondary efficacy evaluation indicators included amenorrhea rate, improvement of subjective symptoms and anemia; the safety evaluation indicators included the analysis of adverse events and changes in laboratory biochemical indicators.Results:At the end of treatment, the maximum leiomyoma volume was reduced by 25.97% (95% CI: -34.79%--15.95%) in the study group and reduced by 1.51% (95% CI: -13.03%-11.54%) in the control group. The change rate of the maximum leiomyoma volume before and after treatment in the study group was significantly greater than that in the control group, and the difference in the change rate of the maximum leiomyoma volume between the two groups was -24.84% (95% CI: -36.56%--10.94%), which was much higher than the 10% superiority threshold goal set by this study within the 95% CI interval. At the end of treatment, the complete amenorrhea rate [84% (52/62)], dysmenorrhea elimination rate [98% (61/62)], and menstrual blood loss disappearance rate [87% (54/62)] in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). At the end of treatment, the mean hemoglobin [(131±13) g/L], red blood cell count [(4.5±0.4)×10 12/L] and hematocrit (0.39±0.03) in the study group were significantly increased compared with the baseline, and the differences had statistical significance (all P<0.05); after treatment, the differences in the above three indicators between the two groups had statistical significance (all P<0.01). The serum estradiol level in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group at the end of treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in follicle-stimulating hormone and cortisol levels before and after treatment between the two groups ( P>0.05). The overall incidences of any adverse event were not significantly different between the two groups (all P>0.05). Abdominal pain was the most common adverse event in the study group [9% (6/65)], but the incidence was not significantly increased compared with the control group [3% (2/64); P>0.05]. Conclusion:Compared with placebo, oral mifepristone 10 mg/day is significantly superior to placebo in reducing the size of uterine fibroids and improving anemia, without significant adverse reactions, and could be used as a drug treatment for patients with of uterine fibroids before surgery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883147

ABSTRACT

This review summarizes the research related to early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery, Including the methods, programs, evaluation and effects of rehabilitation.It is proposed that individualized early rehabilitation after cardiac surgery should be provided; the effect of early rehabilitation needs to be further explored; future research should focus on the medium and long-term effects of rehabilitation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and genetic features of tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency(THD) caused by TH gene variants for the improvement of the understanding of the disease. Methods:The clinical and genetic data of 33 children with THD caused by TH gene variants were diagnosed in the Department of Neurology of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2011 to January 2020 and their data were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results:There were 19 females and 14 males.The age at onset was ranged from 0 to 6.3 years.13 patients developed diseases, accompanied with fever after infection, and 1 patient suffered from hypoxia, 19 patients suffered from no predisposing factors.There were 7 mild TH-deficient dopa-responsive dystonia cases, 16 severe TH-deficient infantile parkinsonism with motor delay cases and 10 very severe TH-deficient progressive infantile encephalopathy cases.Clinical symptoms were fluctuating, including 26 cases of diurnal fluctuation, 22 cases of infection aggravation, and 30 cases of fatigue aggravation.The initial symptoms included tiptoeing and numbness in the limbs(7 cases), motor development retardation or degression (26 cases), fremitus (8 cases), ptosis (2 cases), and status dystonicus (3 cases). Other clinical features had hypermyotonia (23 cases), hypomyotonia (27 cases), decreased movement (27 cases), decreased facial expression (24 cases), fremitus (18 cases), tiptoeing (20 cases), talipes equinovarus (7 cases), ptosis (8 cases), oculogyric crisis (10 cases), salivation (21 cases), dysphagia (12 cases), dysarthria (16 cases), dyspnea (3 cases), increased sleep (10 cases), decreased sleep (5 cases), irritable mood (15 cases), apathetic mood (2 cases), profuse sweating (8 cases), and status dystonicus (6 cases). A total of 6 patients′ right limbs were more severe, and 14 patients′ lower limbs were more severe.Eight patients had family history, and Levodopa treatment was effective for all patients.Ten patients suffered side effects, including dyskinesia and irritability.Four patients were lost follow-up, and 29 patients were followed up between 0.8 and 13.2 years old until Ja-nuary 2020.Totally, 22 patients almost had no such symptoms.Twenty-five TH gene pathogenic variants were discovered in 33 patients.There were 13 novel variants (c.1160T>C, c.1303T>C, c.887G>A, c.1084G>A, c.1097A>T, c.734G>T, c.907C>G, c.588G>T, c.992T>G, c.755G>A, c.184-6C>T, c.1510C>T, c.910G>A) and 2 patients had c. 910G>A variant.Meanwhile, there were 5 hot variants [c.698G>A(13 cases), c.457C>T(9 cases), c.739G>A(6 cases), c.1481C>T(4 cases), c.694C>T(3 cases)]. c.910G>A(2 cases) may be the foun-der variant of Chinese population. Conclusions:THD caused by TH gene variant mostly onsets from infant, with complex clinical features.Most of these patients were severe, and only a few were very severe and mild.Very severe and mild symptoms were easily misdiagnosed.Levodopa treatment was obviously effective.A possible founder variant of Chinese population (c.910G>A) was found.c.698G>A and c. 457C>T mutations mainly appeared in patients with severe and extremely severe THD, while c. 739G>A mainly appeared in patients with mild THD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of notoginsenoside R1 (NR1) on the proliferation of mice aortic smooth muscle cells (MOVAS cells) induced by angiotensinⅡ (AngⅡ) and the signal pathway of angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor (AT1R) / mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Methods:The proliferation of MOVAS cells was detected by BrdU method after AngⅡ induction. Western blot was used to detect the expression of the two main receptors of AngⅡ (AT1R and AT2R) and MAPKs pathway related proteins (ERK, p38, and JNK). Results:(1) AngⅡ (5 μmol/L) could promote the proliferation of MOVAS cells (P<0.01). NR1 (50 μmol/L) could inhibit the proliferation of MOVAS cells induced by AngⅡ (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between control group and NR1 group (P>0.05). (2) Compared with AngⅡ group, the expression of AT1R protein in AngⅡ+ NR1 group was significantly lower (P<0.05), but there was no difference in the expression of AT2R protein (P>0.05). (3) NR1 could significantly inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK, p38 and JNK protein after AngⅡ stimulation (P<0.01). Conclusion:NR1 can inhibit the proliferation of MOVAS cells induced by AngⅡ, which may be related to down regulating AT1R and inhibiting the activation of MAPKs.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of Radix Kansui (RK) stir-fried with vinegar (VRK) decreased hepatotoxicity in mice.@*METHODS@#According to a random number table, 40 mice were randomly divided into negative control group (0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium, 20 mL/kg), positive control group (0.1% mixture of carbon tetrachloride in soybean oil, 20 mL/kg), RK group (the ethyl acetate extracts of RK, 250 g crude drug/kg) and VRK group (the ethyl acetate extracts of VRK, 250 g crude drug/kg) with 10 mice per group. All mice were administered orally by gavage daily for 7 continuous days. The morphology of liver tissues was examined to assess the liver injury by a transmission electron microscope. Hepatocyte apoptosis in vivo was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nickend labeling (TUNEL) assay. Immunohistochemical technique was adopted to detect the expression of particular antiapoptotic and proapoptotic proteins in the mitochondrial pathways, including B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2) and caspase-3, as well as the expression of inflammatory mediators, including nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1).@*RESULTS@#Liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis were observed in RK mice, and the liver injury were significantly reduced in VRK-treated mice. In immunohistochemistry study, compared with the negative control group, RK inhibited dramatically the Bcl-2 protein expression and significantly increased the expression of caspase-3, NF- κ B and ICAM-1 (all P<0.01). Compared with the RK group, VRK group induced significant increase on Bcl-2 protein expression, and decreased the caspase-3, NF- κ B and ICAM-1 protein expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The mechanism of reduced hepatotoxicity of VRK may be associated with the reduced inflammation, regulation of antiapoptotic and proapoptotic mediators in the mitochondrial pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of CD44@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detected the proportion of CD44@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD44@*CONCLUSION@#HCD44


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Hyaluronan Receptors , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Spleen
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a mouse mixed chimerism (MC) model of nonmyeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplantation(allo-BMT) and explore its affecting factors.@*METHODS@#The MC model was established by nonmyeloablative allo-BMT followed by high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). 123 mice in the experiments was retrospectively analyzed, and the factors related with the chimerism were explored with the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A multivariate linear regression was performed by R project to obtain a mathematical model for predicting the chimeric level with relevant affecting factors.@*RESULTS@#The model presented mixed chimerism on day 14 after transplantation, and was characterized by a donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) which significantly promoted donor engraftment on day 15, but transfplantation of PBS in control group was failed. Among 123 mice, 47 (38.21%) mice were MC, while 76 (61.79%) mice were non-MC in 123 mice, respectively; univariate analysis showed that the baseline body weight of mice (P=0.001, 17.84±1.19 g vs 18.50±0.94 g), total body irradiation(TBI,P=0.048) and the using of cyclophosphamide (P=0.16) were affected the chimeric state of mice, while the number of infusing cells and the time of detection showed no significant effects. Multivariate regression analysis showed that under certain conditions, the body weight of mice on day 0 was an independent factor affecting chimeric levels (OR=0.493, 95% CI 0.307-0.791, P=0.003). Through R project multiple linear regression, the math model was achieved, which was chimerism=6.09-12×weight(g)+80.03×TBI(Gy)-4.4×cell-counts (× 10@*CONCLUSION@#The experiment presents a method for establishing a mixed chimeric mice model after non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation and constructs a mathematical model with relevant factors affected chimerism status.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Chimera , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 149-162, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878550

ABSTRACT

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthesis by activated sludge using volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in fermentation liquid of excess sludge as carbon source is a hotspot in the field of environmental biotechnology. However, there is no unified conclusion on the effects of non-VFAs, mainly dissolved organic matter (DOM), on PHA production. Thus, this critical review mainly introduces the main characteristics and common analysis methods of DOM in anaerobic fermentation liquid. The effects of DOM on PHA production are analyzed from the aspects of microbiology, metabolic regulation and sludge properties. The results of different studies showed that high concentration of DOM is bad for PHA production, but an appropriate amount of DOM is conducive to the stability of sludge properties, reducing the final PHA purification cost. Finally, suitable strategies were proposed to regulate the PHA synthesis by activated sludge with DOM for PHA production by anaerobic fermentation liquid.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Bioreactors , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Fermentation , Polyhydroxyalkanoates , Sewage
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 751-760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876520

ABSTRACT

Multi-template molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction not only has the advantages of high selectivity, large adsorption capacity, easy preparation, reuse and low environmental pollution, but also can realize the enrichment and separation of many kinds of compounds. It has attracted wide attention in the extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicine components. This study summarizes the latest development of multi-template molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction. At the same time, based on the classification of active components of traditional Chinese medicine (flavonoids, alkaloids, phenylpropanol, terpenes, etc.), the latest application of multi-template molecular imprinting solid phase extraction in multi-component separation of traditional Chinese medicine was reviewed, with a view to better application of multi-template molecularly imprinted polymer in active multi-component extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicine and provide reference for the material basic research of the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association between global epidemic of COVID-19 and local situation of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai, and then to predict the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic from December 2020 through March 2021. Methods A retrospective analysis on the imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai was conducted. The correlation between global and country-specific confirmed COVID-19 cases(weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population)and imported cases(weekly reported)in Shanghai was determined. Compared to the risk in November 2020, country-specific risk of imported cases to Shanghai was assessed to calculate the possible number of imported case in the near future using SEIR model. Results The number of imported case of COVID-19 from abroad to Shanghai increased along with the global epidemic, with several peaks accordingly. However, the imported cases did not accumulate, as potential epidemic has been always effectively contained through timely implementation of prevention and control measures. The number of weekly imported cases in Shanghai was significantly correlated with the number of global weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population(rSpearman = 0.349, P = 0.029), and also correlated with weekly reported cases in certain countries(P < 0.05), such as the UK and France. Using the number of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai in November as baseline, the estimated monthly number of imported cases in Shanghai might increase in the following four months. Conclusion The risk of imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai may increase in the near future. Prediction of imported case would provide scientific evidence for optimizing prevention and control measures and reserving medical resources for the imported epidemic.

13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10152, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153522

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to identify potential transcriptomic markers in pediatric septic shock prognosis by an integrative analysis of multiple public microarray datasets. Using the R software and bioconductor packages, we performed a statistical analysis to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes in pediatric septic shock non-survivors, and further performed functional interpretation (enrichment analysis and co-expression network construction) and classification quality evaluation of the DE genes identified. Four microarray datasets (3 training datasets and 1 testing dataset, 252 pediatric patients with septic shock in total) were collected for the integrative analysis. A total of 32 DE genes (18 upregulated genes; 14 downregulated genes) were identified in pediatric septic shock non-survivors. Enrichment analysis revealed that those DE genes were strongly associated with acute inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus, response to yeast, and defense response to bacterium. A support vector machine classifier (non-survivors vs survivors) was also trained based on DE genes. In conclusion, the DE genes identified in this study are suggested as candidate transcriptomic markers for pediatric septic shock prognosis and provide novel insights into the progression of pediatric septic shock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Shock, Septic/diagnosis , Shock, Septic/genetics , Transcriptome , Biomarkers , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Microarray Analysis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879171

ABSTRACT

Metallomics is a frontier interdisciplinary subject at its vigorous development stage. Its goal is to systematically study the content, distribution, chemical species, structural characteristics and functions of metal elements in biological system. It is also a comprehensive discipline to study the existing state and function of free or complex metal elements in life. Metallomics is an ideal tool to study the biological behavior of inorganic elements, which can be used to solve many problems in the research of mineral Chinese medicine(MCM). It provides a strong theoretical basis and technical support for the research of MCM. Its theory and methods provide re-ference and enlightenment for the in-depth study of MCM, and also provide new ideas and open up new ways for the research of MCM. The application of metallomics theory and methods in the research of MCM is of great significance to reveal the material basis and mec-hanism of MCM, promote the process of basic research on MCM, fully exploit and utilize medicinal mineral resources and carry forward the traditional MCM treasure in China. In this paper, we introduced the concept, academic development, research content and research methods of metallomics, and discussed the application prospects of metallomics in the analysis of inorganic element composition characteristics and quality control, material basis and mechanism of MCM, so as to provide reference for further researches on MCM.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Minerals , Quality Control
15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 188-191, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818400

ABSTRACT

Chronic myeloid leukemia(CML)is a common hematological malignancy. Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors(TKIs)have greatly improved the prognosis of CML patients,there are still several defects with TKI treatment including TKI resistance, toxic effects causing intolerance, etc. MicroRNA(miRNA) is a class of non-coding, single-stranded and small RNAs which encoded by endogenous genes and are about 19 to 24 nucleotides in length. miRNAs are closely related to the occurrence,development and prognosis of various tumors. In recent years,many studies have focused on the relationship betweenmiRNA and CML. In this paper,we review therelationship between miR-139-5p,miR-320a,miR-362-5p,miR-126, miR-199a/b-5p,miR-451 and CML .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817688

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate whether oral administration of probiotics could improve the aluminum-induced hippocampal inflammation in mice.【Methods】Twenty-four 8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups,6 in each. The mice in control(CON)group,AlCl3-treated(Al)group,probiotics-treated(PO)group and treatment-combined(Al+PO)group were treated with sterile water,oral AlCl3,probiotics in sterile water and a combination of oral AlCl3 and probiotics in sterile water ,respectively. After six weeks of treatment,immunofluorescence staining was used to test the numbers of activated microglia(Iba-1+/CD68+ cells) and the expression level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF)in hippocampus;enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was employed to determine the levels of interleukin- 1 β(IL- 1 β) and tumor necrosis factor- α(TNF- α)in serum and hippocampus.【Results】 The morphology revealed that compared with those in CON group,in Al group,the numbers of Iba-1+/CD68+ cells increased significantly(P < 0.01)and the BDNF level decreased significantly(P < 0.01). Compared those in Al group , in Al+PO group ,the numbers of Iba-1+/CD68+ cells were significantly lower(P < 0.01)and the BDNF level significantly higher(P < 0.01). ELISA results showed that compared with those in CON group,in Al group,the levels of IL-1β and TNF- α in serum and hippocampus had a significant rise(P < 0.01). Compared those in Al group,in Al+PO group,the levels of IL- 1 β in serum and hippocampus and TNF-α in hippocampus had a significant reduction (P < 0.01).【Conclusions】Oral probiotics improves the aluminum-induced hippocampal inflammation in mice.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 198-204, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781622

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previously, dihydroceramide (d18:0/24:0) (dhCer (d18:0/24:0)) was reported to be a potential biomarker for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) prognosis. In this study, we further explored the role of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in the progression of ACLF to validate the biomarker using ACLF rat model.@*METHODS@#ACLF rats were sacrificed at 4 and 8 h post-D-galactosamine (D-gal)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to investigate the liver biochemical markers, prothrombin time and liver histopathology. Change in dhCer and other sphingolipids levels were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Rats were treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) to examine the mortality rate and its role in improving ACLF.@*RESULTS@#LPS/D-gal administration resulted in significant elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. Prothrombin time was prolonged and histopathological examination showed abnormality. HPLC-MS/MS results showed total dhCer levels in ACLF group (64.10 ± 8.90 pmol/100 μL, 64.22 ± 6.78 pmol/100 μL for 4 and 8 h, respectively) were decreased significantly compared with control group (121.61 ± 23.09 pmol/100 μL) (P < 0.05). In particular, dhCer (d18:0/24:0), dhCer (d18:0/20:0), and dhCer (d18:0/22:0) levels were decreased. Treatment with 4-HPR significantly increased the levels of dhCers, including dhCer (d18:0/24:0) compared with ACLF group, for the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in 4-HPR group was 20.10 ± 8.60 pmol/100 μL and the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in ACLF group was 9.74 ± 2.99 pmol/100 μL (P < 0.05). This was associated with reduced mortality rate and prolonged survival time. The ALT and AST in 4-HPR group were significantly decreased compared with ACLF group. The prothrombin time of 4-HPR group (41.49 s) was significantly lower than the prothrombin time of ACLF group (57.96 s) (P < 0.05). 4-HPR also decreased plasma ammonia levels slightly, as the plasma ammonia levels in 4-HPR group and ACLF group were 207.37 ± 60.43, 209.15 ± 60.43 μmol/L, respectively. Further, 4-HPR treatment improved histopathological parameters.@*CONCLUSIONS@#DhCer, especially dhCer (d18:0/24:0), is involved in the progression of ACLF. Increasing the levels of dhCer can reduce the mortality rate of ACLF rats and alleviate liver injury.

18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e9949, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132509

ABSTRACT

Acne is a kind of common, chronic skin condition caused by the inflammation of the sebaceous glands in hair follicles. Recent studies have demonstrated that baicalin (BA) possesses potential anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of BA in vitro and in vivo. Heat-killed Propionibacterium acnes-induced THP-1 cells and live P. acnes-injected male Sprague Dawley rats were used for establishing the acne model. The rate of ear swelling was calculated, and the severity was determined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The production of cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α)] in the cell supernatant and ear tissue homogenates was measured by ELISA. Protein levels of JNK, ERK, P38, IκBα, P65, Nod-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), pro-caspase-1, and IL-1β in THP-1 cells and ear tissues were detected by western blotting. NLRP3 and IL-1β were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the NLRP3, IL-1β and pro-caspase-1 mRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The results showed that BA decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, BA down-regulated the phosphorylation of JNK, ERK1/2, and κBα and inhibited the nuclear translocation of p65. Furthermore, BA inhibited the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, at both the gene and protein levels. Taken together, the results demonstrated that BA might exert its anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways and consequently suppressing the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome both in vivo and in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dermatitis/drug therapy , Inflammasomes , Propionibacterium acnes/metabolism , Flavonoids , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Inflammation/chemically induced , Inflammation/drug therapy
19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 159-163, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence, clinical characteristics and risk factors for hip fractures in patients within two years after stroke onset.Methods:A total of 332 persons with first-onset stroke from the neurology department of our hospital between 1 June 2013 and 31 December 2014 were recruited and were divided into the hip fracture group and the non-hip fracture group.Clinical characteristics were recorded.Vision was tested as normal or impaired.Patients were accessed by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS), Behavioral Inattention Test, Baking Tray Task, Mini-Mental State Examination(MMSE), Birgitta Lindmark(BL)motor assessment scale, Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go(TUG)Scale, and Stops Walking When Talking(SWWT)Scale.The clinic characteristics and risk factors for hip fractures were compared between the two groups after a 2-year follow-up.The accuracy of risk factors for fracture prediction was assessed by the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values.Results:Of 332 patients with stroke, 16 cases fractured their hips within two years after stroke onset, which corresponded to an incidence of 33‰/year(95% CI: 15‰/year-50‰/year). The 2-year mortality rate was 44%(95% CI: 25%-60%)and 48%(95% CI: 42%-54%)in patients with and without hip fractures respectively( χ2=0.036, P=0.724). The mean survival time for patients with and without hip fracture was 2.72 years(95% CI: 1.45-2.79)and 2.21 years(95% CI: 1.48-2.34)respectively.The proportions of patients with previous fractures history( χ2=16.780, P=0.041)and impaired vision( χ2=11.210, P=0.027), MMSE scale score( U=14.220, P=0.031), TUG ≥ 15 s( χ2=18.560, P=0.000)were higher, and SWWT( χ2=20.340, P=0.000)was lower in the hip fracture group than in the non-hip fracture group.The negative predictive values of previous fractures history, impaired vision, TUG and SWWT were higher than their positive predictive value.The specificities of previous fractures history, impaired vision, and SWWT were higher than their sensitivities.And the sensitivity of TUG was higher than its specificity. Conclusions:Hip fractures after stroke are common in elderly patients.Fractures often occur during daytime at home in daily activities.The previous fractures history, visual and cognitive dysfunction and impaired functional mobility are risk factors for hip fractures.We should take measures to prevent falls according to the relevant factors.Among the test scales, the timed up & go(TUG)scale could much more accurately identify patients at high risk for hip fractures.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish evidence-based perioperative nursing quality indicators of TAAD which assess and monitor the quality of nursing care in Chinese hospitals.Methods:Based on the "structure-process-result" three dimensional quality evaluation model, the perioperative nursing quality sensitivity index of TAAD and its calculation formula as well as data collection method were extracted from domestic and foreign literature. The results were demonstrated and revised by using Delphi method.Results:Sixteen sensitive indicators of perioperative quality of care for TAAD such as pain relief rate, preoperative dissection rupture mortality,emergency surgery and incidence of transfusion reactions were constructed.After two rounds of expert consultation, the expert positive coefficients were 91.6% and 100%, the expert authority coefficients were 0.96 and 0.93, and the coefficients of variation were 0.000-0.278.Conclusion:The perioperative nursing quality sensitivity indicators of TAAD were scientific and reliable,which can be applied to clinical utilization,and to inspire the nursing team to formulate an efficient specialist nursing strategy.

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