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1.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965577

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To investigate the adaptability and genetic stability of hepatitis A virus(HAV)SYX1 strain in human diploid cell MRC⁃5. Methods HAV SYX1 strain isolated from feces of patients with hepatitis A was continuously propagated in MRC⁃5 cells for 28 passages,of which the 1st ~ 26th passages were determined for antigen contents and virus titers,the 6th passage was observed for the morphology under microscope and detected for physicochemical properties,and the 13th ~ 15th passages were studied for virus proliferation dynamics to determine the peak yield of virus proliferation. Genomic RNA was extracted from the 8th,12th,18th,20th,22nd,25th,26th and 28th passages and sequenced to analyze the genetic stability. The main seed batch and working seed batch of HAV SYX1 strain were established and verified according to the requirements of Chinese Pharmacopoeia(VolumeⅢ,2020 edition). Results The antigen content of HAV SYX1 was stable at 160 ~ 320 EU/mL and the titer was maintained at 7. 3 ~ 8. 3 lgCCID50/mL after the 8th passages in MRC 5 cells;Virus particles showed two types:hollow and solid,with a diameter of 27 ~ 32 nm,spherical,without envelope and protrusions on the surface,which tolerated low pH value and ether. The peak period of virus proliferation was 10 d with an antigen content of more than 160 EU/mL and a virus titer of more than 7. 0 lgCCID50/mL. HAV SYX1 was a subtype of HAV IB,and no mutation in the coding region of all structural proteins during passage was observed. The verification results of main seed batch and working seed batch of HAV all met the relevant requirements. Conclusion HAV SYX1 strain showed good adapt⁃ ability and genetic stability in MRC⁃5,which might be used for the development and production of inactivated hepatitis A vaccine.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 363-368, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964230

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate retinal vascularization caused by the intravitreal injection of Conbercept in the treatment of a series of retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)cases in Type Ⅰ(threshold and pre-threshold period)and aggressive ROP(A-ROP).METHODS: The data of 34 ROP cases(67 eyes)treated by intravitreal injection of Conbercept(IVC)in the ophthalmology department of the Xiamen Children's Hospital from July 2017 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Reactivation, which refers to recurrence of acute phase features, occurred at any stage of the disease in the presence or absence of other diseases. RESULT: The average gestational age of the 34 children was 28.82±2.32wk. The average birth weight was 1155.18±398.22g. The lesion zone of 19 cases(37 eyes)was Zone Ⅰ. In 10 cases(20 eyes), the lesion was in Zone Ⅱ, and in 5 cases(10 eyes), the lesion was in the posterior Zone Ⅱ. The total effective rate of disease control in ROP children treated with once IVC was 73.1%(49/67), and the vascularization of Zone Ⅱ was completed. The patients showed variable changes in the vascularization in Zone Ⅲ. For the patients who received one treatment and did not reactivate, the average rate of Type Ⅰ vascularization of ROP was 9.11±2.49wk, and the A-ROP was 13.40±4.04wk. The rate of A-ROP vascularization in Zone Ⅱ was significantly longer compared to Type Ⅰ.CONCLUSION: IVC effectively completes vascularization in Zone Ⅱ.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 63-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961830

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether the whole intestinal microbiota transplantation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) model mice has more significant effects on ileum intestinal microenvironment in normal mice under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine that "interior-exterior relationship exists between the heart and small intestine". MethodsThe whole intestinal microbiota of fourteen 6-month-old specific pathogen free male APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD model mice was transplanted into the gut of six normal C57BL/6J mice of the same age and background treated with mixed antibiotics for 14 days. Then, after 14 days of normal rearing, the mice were sacrificed. Next, the pathological changes in the ileum and colon were observed, and the composition and diversity of the ileal and colonic microbiota was analyzed by sequencing. ResultsAfter the whole intestinal microbiota of AD mice was transplanted into normal mice, pathological analysis showed that only the ileum tissue had mucosal damage and crypt gland epithelial cell degeneration, necrosis, and shedding. Moreover, the microbiota analysis found that only the number of genera (P<0.01), Chao1 index (P<0.01) and Simpson index of ileal microbiota in normal mice decreased (P<0.01), and the composition of intestinal microbiota was quite similar to that of AD model mice. ConclusionUnder the effect of whole gut microbiota transplantation in AD mice, the diversity and composition of ileal microbiota change more than that of colonic microbiota in normal mice, and at the same time, it results in pathological damage to the ileal mucosa, indicating that the ileal microenvironment may be more closely related to the occurrence and development of AD, which is highly consistent with the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine".

4.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 340-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of peripheral blood cytokine models on organ functional impairment after chimeric antigen receptor T(CAR-T) cell therapy in children with B-lineage lymphocytic leukemia.Methods:The clinical data of 44 children with acute B-lineage lymphoblastic leukemia who received CAR-T cell therapy at Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from September 2018 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Peripheral blood cytokines, including interleukin(IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon(IFN)-γ and IL-17A, were measured daily for 14 days after receiving CAR-T cell therapy.The trend of peripheral blood cytokine levels was analyzed at the endpoint of organ function recovery or death within 14 days after CAR-T cell treatment.Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to establish a mathematical prediction model to predict the occurrence of organ damage in the children.Results:Of the 44 children, 31 cases were boys and 13 cases were girls, with a median age of 7.96 (5.19, 11.48)years.Cytokine release syndrome(CRS) response occurred in 95.5% (42/44) children, with 88.1% (37/42) had a grade 1-3 CRS response, and 16.7% (7/42) had a severe grade 4-5 CRS response.Using IL-6>3 892.95 pg/mL as cut-off value, the area under the curve(AUC) for predicting acute respiratory failure was 0.818, with a sensitivity of 0.8 and a specificity of 0.735, while combining IFN-γ>414.4 pg/mL, IL-6>3 892.95 pg/mL and IL-2>27.05 pg/mL were the three cut-off values, with an AUC of 0.741, sensitivity of 0.6 and specificity of 0.912 for predicting acute respiratory failure. Using IFN-γ>1 699.5 pg/mL as cut-off value, the AUC for predicting shock was 0.908, with a sensitivity of 0.722 and a specificity of 1.With IL-6>4 607.3 pg/mL as cut-off value, the AUC for predicting liver injury was 0.964, with a sensitivity of 1 and a specificity of 0.906, while combining both IL-6>4 607.3 pg/mL and IFN-γ>1 446.2 pg/mL as cut-off values, the AUC for predicting liver injury was 0.977, with a sensitivity of 1 and a specificity of 0.906.Combining both IL-6>6 972.2 pg/mL and IFN-γ>3 981.5 pg/mL predicted a positive predictive value of 62.5% and a negative predictive value of 94.4% for grade 4-5 CRS response, with an AUC of 0.846, a predictive sensitivity of 0.714 and a specificity of 0.838, and all children had a combination of two or more organ function injuries.Conclusion:The combination of IL-6 and IFN-γ can effectively predict the incidence of liver injury and cytokine release syndrome.The combination of peripheral blood cytokines IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-2 can be used to predict the incidence of acute respiratory failure after the treatment of CAR-T cells in children with acute B-lineage lymphoblastic leukaemia.IFN-γ single index can be used to predict the incidence of shock.The combination of IL-6 and IFN-γ can be used to predict the incidence of liver injury and the severity of CRS.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 164-169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of Internet-based hospital-institution linkage care management model in elderly care for the elderly of dementia.Methods:The research was a quasi-experiment study. A total of 80 elderly people of dementia from three combined medical and nursing institutions, Beijing Fangshan District Mental Health Care Hospital, Beijing Jinhai Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Beijing Yiciyuan Nursing Care Center, were selected as the research objects by convenient sampling. The elderly people of dementia enrolled from May to August 2021 served as the control group, and elderly people of dementia enrolled from September to December 2021 served as the experimental group, with 40 cases in each group. Conventional management methods were taken in the control group, while Internet-based hospital-institution linkage care management model was taken in the experimental group. Before the intervention, at 3 months of intervention, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Barthel index (BI) and Cohen Mansfield agitation behavior inventory (CMAI) were used to evaluate the cognitive function, activities of daily living and agitation behavior of two groups.Results:A total of 78 cases were included, including 39 cases in the experimental group and 39 cases in the control group, respectively. Before intervention, there was no significant difference in scores of MMSE, BI, and CMAI in the two groups of elderly people with dementia ( P>0.05). After 3 months of intervention, the score of MMSE in the experimental group was (17.36±5.67) points, which was higher than (15.05 ± 2.70) points of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.13, P<0.05). The score of CMAI in the experimental group was (34.18 ± 4.37) points, which was lower than (37.13 ± 5.06) points of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.76, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in BI scores ( t=0.13, P>0.05). Conclusions:The Internet-based hospital-institution linkage care management model improves the cognitive function and agitated behavior of the elderly with dementia in medical-nursing institutions.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 543-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and short-term prognosis of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated acute encephalopathy (AE). Methods: Retrospective cohort study. The clinical data, radiological features and short-term follow-up of 22 cases diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated AE in the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital from December 2022 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into cytokine storm group, excitotoxic brain damage group and unclassified encephalopathy group according to the the clinicopathological features and the imaging features. The clinical characteristics of each group were analyzed descriptively. Patients were divided into good prognosis group (≤2 scores) and poor prognosis group (>2 scores) based on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of the last follow-up. Fisher exact test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the two groups. Results: A total of 22 cases (12 females, 10 males) were included. The age of onset was 3.3 (1.7, 8.6) years. There were 11 cases (50%) with abnormal medical history, and 4 cases with abnormal family history. All the enrolled patients had fever as the initial clinical symptom, and 21 cases (95%) developed neurological symptoms within 24 hours after fever. The onset of neurological symptoms included convulsions (17 cases) and disturbance of consciousness (5 cases). There were 22 cases of encephalopathy, 20 cases of convulsions, 14 cases of speech disorders, 8 cases of involuntary movements and 3 cases of ataxia during the course of the disease. Clinical classification included 3 cases in the cytokine storm group, all with acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE); 9 cases in the excitotoxicity group, 8 cases with acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) and 1 case with hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia syndrome; and 10 cases of unclassified encephalopathy. Laboratory studies revealed elevated glutathione transaminase in 9 cases, elevated glutamic alanine transaminase in 4 cases, elevated blood glucose in 3 cases, and elevated D-dimer in 3 cases. Serum ferritin was elevated in 3 of 5 cases, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurofilament light chain protein was elevated in 5 of 9 cases, serum cytokines were elevated in 7 of 18 cases, and CSF cytokines were elevated in 7 of 8 cases. Cranial imaging abnormalities were noted in 18 cases, including bilateral symmetric lesions in 3 ANE cases and "bright tree appearance" in 8 AESD cases. All 22 cases received symptomatic treatment and immunotherapy (intravenous immunoglobulin or glucocorticosteroids), and 1 ANE patient received tocilizumab. The follow-up time was 50 (43, 53) d, and 10 patients had a good prognosis and 12 patients had a poor prognosis. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of epidemiology, clinical manifestations, biochemical indices, and duration of illness to initiate immunotherapy (all P>0.05). Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 infection is also a major cause of AE. AESD and ANE are the common AE syndromes. Therefore, it is crucial to identify AE patients with fever, convulsions, and impaired consciousness, and apply aggressive therapy as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cytokine Release Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Brain Diseases/etiology , Prognosis , Seizures , Cytokines
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 453-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of children with uridine responsive developmental epileptic encephalopathy 50 (DEE50) caused by CAD gene variants. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 6 patients diagnosed with uridine-responsive DEE50 caused by CAD gene variants at Beijing Children's Hospital and Peking University First Hospital from 2018 to 2022. The epileptic seizures, anemia, peripheral blood smear, cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), visual evoked potential (VEP), genotype features and the therapeutic effect of uridine were descriptively analyzed. Results: A total of 6 patients, including 3 boys and 3 girls, aged 3.5(3.2,5.8) years, were enrolled in this study. All patients presented with refractory epilepsy, anemia with anisopoikilocytosis and global developmental delay with regression. The age of epilepsy onset was 8.5 (7.5, 11.0) months, and focal seizures were the most common seizure type (6 cases). Anemia ranged from mild to severe. Four patients had peripheral blood smears prior to uridine administration, showing erythrocytes of variable size and abnormal morphology, and normalized at 6 (2, 8) months after uridine supplementation. Two patients suffered from strabismus, 3 patients had VEP examinations, indicating of suspicious optic nerve involvement, and normal fundus examinations. VEP was re-examined at 1 and 3 months after uridine supplementation, suggesting significant improvement or normalization. Cranial MRI were performed at 5 patients, demonstrating cerebral and cerebellar atrophy. They had cranial MRI re-examined after uridine treatment with a duration of 1.1 (1.0, 1.8) years, indicating significant improvement in brain atrophy. All patients received uridine orally at a dose of 100 mg/(kg·d), the age at initiation of uridine treatment was 1.0 (0.8, 2.5) years, and the duration of treatment was 2.4 (2.2, 3.0) years. Immediate cession of seizures was observed within days to a week after uridine supplementation. Four patients received uridine monotherapy and were seizure free for 7 months, 2.4 years, 2.4 years and 3.0 years respectively. One patient achieved seizure free for 3.0 years after uridine supplementation and had discontinued uridine for 1.5 years. Two patients were supplemented with uridine combined with 1 to 2 anti-seizure medications and had a reduced seizure frequency of 1 to 3 times per year, and they had achieved seizure free for 8 months and 1.4 years respectively. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of DEE50 caused by CAD gene variants present a triad of refractory epilepsy, anemia with anisopoikilocytosis, and psychomotor retardation with regression, accompanied by suspected optic nerve involvement, all of which respond to uridine treatment. Prompt diagnosis and immediate uridine supplementation could lead to significant clinical improvement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant , Epilepsy/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Uridine , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Anemia , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Neurodegenerative Diseases
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 322-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985870

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and the risk factors of severe human metapneumovirus (hMPV)-associated community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. Methods: A retrospective case summary was conducted. From December 2020 to March 2022, 721 children who were diagnosed with CAP and tested positive for hMPV nucleic acid by PCR-capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis of nasopharyngeal secretions at the Yuying Children's Hospital, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were selected as the research objects. The clinical characteristics, epidemiological characteristics and mixed pathogens of the two groups were analyzed. According to CAP diagnostic criteria, the children were divided into the severe group and the mild group. Chi-square test or Mann-Whitney rank and contrast analysis was used for comparison between groups, while multivariate Logistic regression was applied to analyze the risk factors of the severe hMPV-associated CAP. Results: A total of 721 children who were diagnosed with hMPV-associated CAP were included in this study, with 397 males and 324 females. There were 154 cases in the severe group. The age of onset was 1.0 (0.9, 3.0) years, <3 years old 104 cases (67.5%), and the length of hospital stay was 7 (6, 9) days. In the severe group, 67 children (43.5%) were complicated with underlying diseases. In the severe group, 154 cases (100.0%) had cough, 148 cases (96.1%) had shortness of breath and pulmonary moist rales, and 132 cases (85.7%) had fever, 23 cases (14.9%) were complicated with respiratory failure. C-reactive protein (CRP) was elevated in 86 children (55.8%), including CRP≥50 mg/L in 33 children (21.4%). Co-infection was detected in 77 cases (50.0%) and 102 strains of pathogen were detected, 25 strains of rhinovirus, 17 strains of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, 15 strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, 12 strains of Haemophilus influenzae and 10 strains of respiratory syncytial virus were detected. Six cases (3.9%) received heated and humidified high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy, 15 cases (9.7%) were admitted to intensive care unit, and 2 cases (1.3%) received mechanical ventilation. In the severe group, 108 children were cured, 42 children were improved, 4 chlidren were discharged automatically without recovery and no death occurred. There were 567 cases in the mild group. The age of onset was 2.7 (1.0, 4.0) years, and the length of hospital stay was 4 (4, 6) days.Compared with the mild group, the proportion of children who age of disease onset <6 months, CRP≥50 mg/L, the proportions of preterm birth, congenital heart disease, malnutrition, congenital airway malformation, neuromuscular disease, mixed respiratory syncytial viruses infection were higher (20 cases (13.0%) vs. 31 cases (5.5%), 32 cases (20.8%) vs. 64 cases (11.3%), 23 cases (14.9%) vs. 44 cases (7.8%), 11 cases (7.1%) vs. 18 cases (3.2%), 9 cases (5.8%) vs. 6 cases (1.1%), 11 cases (7.1%) vs. 12 cases (2.1%), 8 cases (5.2%) vs. 4 cases (0.7%), 10 cases (6.5%) vs. 13 cases (2.3%), χ2=0.42, 9.45, 7.40, 4.94, 11.40, 8.35, 3.52, 6.92, all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age<6 months (OR=2.51, 95%CI 1.29-4.89), CRP≥50 mg/L (OR=2.20, 95%CI 1.36-3.57), prematurity (OR=2.19, 95%CI 1.26-3.81), malnutrition (OR=6.05, 95%CI 1.89-19.39) were the independent risk factors for severe hMPV-associated CAP. Conclusions: Severe hMPV-associated CAP is most likely to occur in infants under 3 years old and has a higher proportion of underlying diseases and co-infection. The main clinical manifestations are cough, shortness of breath and pulmonary moist rales, fever. The overall prognosis is good. Age<6 months, CRP≥50 mg/L, preterm birth, malnutrition are the independent risk factors for severe hMPV-associated CAP.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant, Newborn , Child, Preschool , Retrospective Studies , Cough , Coinfection , Premature Birth , Respiratory Sounds , Metapneumovirus , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Community-Acquired Infections/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Dyspnea , Malnutrition
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 472-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970484

ABSTRACT

This study identified the anti-depression targets of Kaixin San(KXS) in the brain tissue with "target fishing" strategy, and explored the target-associated pharmacological signaling pathways to reveal the anti-depression molecular mechanism of KXS. The Balb/c mouse model of depression was established by chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) and the anti-depression effect of KXS was evaluated by forced swimming test and sucrose preference test. KXS active components were bonded to the benzophenone-modified magnetic nanoparticles by photocrosslinking reaction for capturing target proteins from cortex, thalamus and hippocampus of depressive mice. The target proteins were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS). The enrichment analysis on signaling pathways was performed by Cytoscape. The potential biological functions of targets were verified by immunohistochemistry and Western blot assay. The results showed that KXS significantly improved the behavioral indexes. There were 64, 91, and 44 potential targets of KXS identified in cortex, thalamus, and hippocampus, respectively, according to the target identification experiment. The functions of these targets were mainly associated with vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, salmonella infection, thyroid hormone synthesis, and other signaling pathways. Besides, the results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot showed that KXS up-regulated the expressions of argipressine(AVP) in the cortex, heat shock protein 60(HSP60), cytochrome C oxidase 4(COX4), and thyrotropin-releasing hormone(TRH) in the thalamus, and down-regulated the expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) p65 in the thalamus. Therefore, KXS may exert anti-depression effect through regulating vasopressin signaling pathway in the cortex and inflammation, energy metabolism, and thyroid hormone signaling pathways in the thalamus, and the effect of KXS on hippocampus is not significant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chromatography, Liquid , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Hippocampus , Stress, Psychological/drug therapy , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Depression/drug therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 379-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristic of a COVID-19 outbreak caused by 2019-nCoV Omicron variant BF.7 and other provinces imported in Shenzhen and analyze transmission chains and characteristics. Methods: Field epidemiological survey was conducted to identify the transmission chain, analyze the generation relationship among the cases. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid positive samples were used for gene sequencing. Results: From 8 to 23 October, 2022, a total of 196 cases of COVID-19 were reported in Shenzhen, all the cases had epidemiological links. In the cases, 100 were men and 96 were women, with a median of age, M (Q1, Q3) was 33(25, 46) years. The outbreak was caused by traverlers initial cases infected with 2019-nCoV who returned to Shenzhen after traveling outside of Guangdong Province.There were four transmission chains, including the transmission in place of residence and neighbourhood, affecting 8 persons, transmission in social activity in the evening on 7 October, affecting 65 persons, transmission in work place on 8 October, affecting 48 persons, and transmission in a building near the work place, affecting 74 persons. The median of the incubation period of the infection, M (Q1, Q3) was 1.44 (1.11, 2.17) days. The incubation period of indoor exposure less than that of the outdoor exposure, M (Q1, Q3) was 1.38 (1.06, 1.84) and 1.95 (1.22, 2.99) days, respcetively (Wald χ2=10.27, P=0.001). With the increase of case generation, the number and probability of gene mutation increased. In the same transmission chain, the proportion of having 1-3 mutation sites was high in the cases in the first generation. Conclusions: The transmission chains were clear in this epidemic. The incubation period of Omicron variant BF.7 infection was shorter, the transmission speed was faster, and the gene mutation rate was higher. It is necessary to conduct prompt response and strict disease control when epidemic occurs.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , China/epidemiology
11.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 485-494, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982218

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many studies have demonstrated the benefit of complete multivessel revascularization versus culprit-only intervention in patients of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease. However, only a few single-center retrospective studies were performed on small Chinese cohorts. Our study aims to demonstrate the advantage of multivessel percutaneous intervention (PCI) strategy on 30-day in-hospital outcomes to patients with STEMI and multivessel disease in larger Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Acute Coronary Syndrome (CCC-ACS) project, 5935 patients with STEMI and multivessel disease undergoing PCI and hospitalized for fewer than 30 days were analyzed. After 5: 1 propensity score matching, 3577 patients with culprit-only PCI and 877 with in-hospital multivessel PCI were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of myocardial infarction, all-cause death, stent thrombosis, heart failure, and stroke.@*RESULTS@#Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that in-hospital multivessel PCI was associated with lower risk of 30-day MACCE (adjusted OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.57-0.98, P = 0.032) than culprit-only PCI and conferred no increased risk of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, or bleeding. Subgroup analysis showed that MACCE reduction was observed more often from patients with trans-femoral access (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.15-0.74) than with trans-radial access (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.66-1.16, P for interaction = 0.017).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The in-hospital multivessel PCI strategy was associated with a lower risk of 30-day MACCE than culprit-only PCI in patients with STEMI and multivessel coronary artery disease.

12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 645-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the protective effect of melatonin (Mel) against oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) in neonatal mice and the role of the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis.@*METHODS@#Neonatal C57BL/6J mice, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a control group, a model group (OIR group), and a Mel treatment group (OIR+Mel group), with 9 mice in each group. The hyperoxia induction method was used to establish a model of OIR. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and retinal flat-mount preparation were used to observe retinal structure and neovascularization. Immunofluorescent staining was used to measure the expression of proteins and inflammatory factors associated with the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis and lymphocyte antigen 6G. Colorimetry was used to measure the activity of myeloperoxidase.@*RESULTS@#The OIR group had destruction of retinal structure with a large perfusion-free area and neovascularization, while the OIR+Mel group had improvement in destruction of retinal structure with reductions in neovascularization and perfusion-free area. Compared with the control group, the OIR group had significant increases in the expression of proteins and inflammatory factors associated with the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis, the expression of lymphocyte antigen 6G, and the activity of myeloperoxidase (P<0.05). Compared with the OIR group, the OIR+Mel group had significant reductions in the above indices (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the OIR group had significant reductions in the expression of melatonin receptors in the retina (P<0.05). Compared with the OIR group, the OIR+Mel group had significant increases in the expression of melatonin receptors (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mel can alleviate OIR-induced retinal damage in neonatal mice by inhibiting the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis and may exert an effect through the melatonin receptor pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , HMGB1 Protein , Melatonin/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Oxygen/adverse effects , Peroxidase , Receptors, Melatonin , Retinal Diseases/drug therapy
13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 50-56, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984180

ABSTRACT

Estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) is one of the important research contents in forensic pathology, and it has always been the focus and hot spot of research work. In recent years, scholars at home and abroad have made some research progress in estimating PMI by using ocular tissue. After death, the changes of cornea, aqueous humor, iris, lens, vitreous humor and retina all show time sequence change rule highly related to PMI. This paper reviews the research progress of PMI estimation based on the morphological, biochemical, molecular and genetic material changes of different ocular tissue structures after death, and discusses the existing problems and development trends.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postmortem Changes , Time Factors , Autopsy , Vitreous Body , Forensic Pathology
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 13-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the concentration and change characteristics of 1, 5-anhydroglucitol (1, 5-AG) in the vitreous humor of rabbit cadavers with hyperglycemic metabolism, and to explore the value of 1, 5-AG in forensic pathology identification of death caused by hyperglycemic metabolism disorders.@*METHODS@#A diabetic hyperglycemic rabbit model was established by using alloxan. Eighteen rabbits with fasting glucose concentration ≥13.80 mmol/L (experimental group) and 18 healthy rabbits with fasting glucose concentration ≤6.10 mmol/L (control group) were selected. After death from air embolism. The blood samples were collected immediately, and vitreous humor samples were collected at 0 h, 12 h, 24 h and 36 h after death. The concentration of 1, 5-AG in the blood and vitreous humor of rabbits was determined.@*RESULTS@#The blood glucose concentration in the experimental group was (25.10±3.14) mmol/L. At the time of death, there was no significant difference in the concentration of 1, 5-AG in the blood [(0.94±0.20) μg/mL] and in the vitreous humor (0.99±0.05 μg/mL, P>0.05). The concentration of 1, 5-AG in the vitreous humor of the experimental group was lower than that of the corresponding control group at all time points (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference betwwen 1, 5-AG concentration in vitreous humor between earch time point in the experimental group and the control group (P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the concentration of 1,5-AG in blood was negatively correlated with blood glucose in both control group and experimental group (control group: r=-0.79, P<0.05; experimental group: r=-0.97, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitreous humor can replace blood as an effective test sample for 1,5-AG detection. The concentration of 1, 5-AG in rabbit vitreous humor remains stable within 36 hours after death and is not affected by the change of postmortem interval. If the concentration of 1, 5-AG decreases significantly, it indicates the existence of hyperglycemia in rabbits before death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Postmortem Changes , Vitreous Body/metabolism , Cadaver , Autopsy
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 802-810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991521

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2(ACE2)deletion on vasoconstric-tion reactivity of aortic segments in ACE2 knockout(KO)mice with tourniquet shock(TS).METHODS:The 8-month-old male mice with C57BL/6 background were divided into wild-type(WT)control group,WT-TS group,KO group and KO-TS group,with 10 mice in each group,of which five were used for determination of vascular reactivity,and the other five for the other assays.The hindlimbs of the mice in WT-TS group and KO-TS group were ligated with tourniquet for 2 h and loosened for 4 h.The mice in WT group and KO group were subjected to the same treatment except for tourniquet liga-tion.The vasoconstriction reactivity of the aorta was measured on tensiometer.The morphological damage of the aorta was evaluated by vascular histopathology.Western blot was used to detect the expression of AT1,MAS,ACE and ACE2 pro-teins in aorta.The serum levels of angiotensin(Ang)Ⅱ and Ang-(1-7)were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS:Compared with WT group,the mice in WT-TS group had lower vascular reactivity to norepinephrine(NE)and obvious vascular lesions.The expression of ACE protein increased significantly(P<0.01),while the expres-sion of ACE2 decreased(P<0.05).The expression of AT1 protein in aorta decreased significantly,the expression of MAS protein increased significantly,and the AT1/MAS ratio decreased(P<0.01).Serum Ang II level increased,serum Ang-(1-7)level decreased,and Ang Ⅱ/Ang-(1-7)ratio increased(P<0.05).Compared with WT group,vascular reactivity in KO group increased at low concentration of NE(<10-7 mol/L),and decreased at high concentration(>10-7 mol/L)without vascular lesion.The expression levels of aortic AT1,MAS and ACE were all elevated(P<0.05).The serum level of Ang Ⅱ increased(P<0.05),but the level of Ang-(1-7)had no obvious change.Compared with KO and WT-TS groups,the aortic reactivity in KO-TS group subtracted apparently(P<0.05),representing its curve shifting to the right obviously.The morphological damage aggravated slightly,and the expression of AT1 and ACE increased slightly in KO-TS group com-pared with WT-TS group(P<0.05).However,the expression of MAS increased significantly in vascular tissue(P<0.01).The serum levels of Ang Ⅱ and Ang-(1-7)further increased and decreased,respectively,and the Ang Ⅱ/Ang-(1-7)ratio increased(P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Deficiency of ACE2 induces severe aortic hyporeactivity to NE during TS,which may be related to the increased imbalance of renin-angiotensin system in ACE2 gene knockout mice.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 537-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965773

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the mechanism of curcumin inhibiting the choroidal neovascularization(CNV)of brown Norway(BN)rats.METHODS: CNV model of 36 BN rats was established through laser photocoagulation induction, and they were divided into 6 groups with 6 rats in each group. Normal group was fed normally with no intervention, while 532nm laser photocoagulation was used to establish a experimental CNV model in BN rats. Rats after modeling were respectively intervened for 14d and divided into model group, ranibizumab group, curcumin low [100mg/(kg·d)], medium [200mg/(kg·d)], and high [400mg/(kg·d)] dose group. The model group was given intragastric administration of saline for 14d, ranibizumab(10mg/mL, 0.2mL/dose)was injected at 2d after photocoagulation with 5μL once for rats in ranibizumab group, and different concentrations of curcumin were intragastrically administrated to the rats in low, medium and high groups for 14d. Fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA)and indocyanine green angiography(ICGA)examination were performed at 14d after photocoagulation. Ocular histopathological specimens of rats with CNV were made, and the central thickness of CNV were observed by HE staining. Ocular histopathological specimens were made, and the expressions of AKT/p-AKT/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling pathway-related proteins were observed by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA relative expressions of AKT/HIF-1α/VEGF factor in CNV tissues were detected by RT-qPCR, and the protein expressions of AKT/p-AKT/HIF-1α/VEGF factor in CNV tissues were detected by Western-blot.RESULTS: CNV generation rates in the model group, the ranibizumab group, and the low, medium and high-dose curcumin groups were 78.18%, 73.21%, 77.19%, 75.86%, 74.55%, respectively, which were higher than 70%. The average absorbance were 182.12±6.59, 119.22±8.03, 166.45±8.33, 164.34±5.69, 149.22±6.45, respectively; the ranibizumab group was significantly lower than the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups were significantly higher than the ranibizumab group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), and the curcumin high-dose group was significantly lower than the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). HE staining showed that the retinal tissue structure of BN rats in normal group was clear and neatly arranged. The central thickness of CNV in the ranibizumab group was significantly reduced at 14d after photocoagulation compared with the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); While the curcumin high-dose group was significantly reduced compared with the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), but increased when compared with ranibizumab group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). Immunohistochemistry results showed that AKT, p-AKT, HIF-1α, and VEGF factors were negatively expressed in the retinal tissue structure of BN rats in the normal group, and no brown-yellow reactants were found. The expression of AKT, p-AKT, HIF-1α, and VEGF factors in the model group were higher than that in the normal group at 14d after photocoagulation(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); the ranibizumab group was lower than the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). While the expression of the curcumin high-dose group was significantly decreased compared with the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), but significantly increased when compared with ranibizumab group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The mRNA results showed that the relative expression levels of AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF mRNA in the model group at 14d after photocoagulation were higher than those of the normal group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); the ranibizumab group was lower than the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). While curcumin high-dose group was significantly decreased compared with the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), but significantly increased when compared with ranibizumab group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). Western-blot results showed that there was no significant difference in the relative expression of AKT protein among each experimental groups at 14d after photocoagulation. The relative expression of p-AKT protein in the model group was significantly higher than that in the normal group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); the ranibizumab group was significantly lower than the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); the curcumin high-dose group was significantly lower than the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The relative expression levels of HIF-1α protein were significantly higher in the model group than in the normal group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), and the ranibizumab group was lower than in the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The relative expression levels of HIF-1α protein was lower in the curcumin high-dose group than in the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05)but higher than ranibizumab group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The relative expression level of VEGF protein was significantly lower in the curcumin medium/high-dose group than in the model group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Curcumin at 400mg/(kg·d)has an inhibitory effect on CNV in BN rats. The mechanism may be closely related to inhibiting the activation of AKT/p-AKT/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling pathways.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 413-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965716

ABSTRACT

In this study, a series of 18 histone deacetylases inhibitors (HDACis), derived from our in-house anti-cancer trans-β-arylacryl 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-based scaffold, were designed, synthesized, and antitumor evaluated. HDAC1 inhibitory activity assay showed that compounds 13d-13f and 13m-13o demonstrated attractive enzymatic activity with IC50 at single-digit nanomolar or subnanomolar level.In addition, 13o exerted superior anti-proliferative activity (A549, IC50 = 0.89 μmol·L-1; HCT116, IC50 = 0.49 μmol·L-1) to that of vorinostat (SAHA).Besides,13e, with the most potent HDAC1 enzymatic activity (IC50 = 3.8 nmol·L-1), also displayed attractive cellular activity (A549, IC50 = 1.74 μmol·L-1; HCT116, IC50 = 2.43 μmol·L-1). The Western blot analysis illustrated that 13e treatment increased the acetylation of H3 and α-tubulin in a dose-dependent manner in A549 cells. In summary, 13e and 13o deserve further functional investigation.

18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 271-279, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the risk factors for death in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) using artificial intelligence (AI) technology and establish a risk prediction model.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of NPC patients obtained from SEER database (1973-2015). The patients were randomly divided into model building and verification group at a 7∶3 ratio. Based on the data in the model building group, R software was used to identify the risk factors for death in NPC patients using 4 AI algorithms, namely eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), Decision Tree (DT), Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and random forest (RF), and a risk prediction model was constructed based on the risk factor identified. The C-Index, decision curve analysis (DCA), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration curve (CC) were used for internal validation of the model; the data in the validation group and clinical data of 96 NPC patients (collected from First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College) were used for internal and external validation of the model.@*RESULTS@#The clinical data of a total of 2116 NPC patients were included (1484 in model building group and 632 in verification group). Risk factor screening showed that age, race, gender, stage M, stage T, and stage N were all risk factors of death in NPC patients. The risk prediction model for NPC-related death constructed based on these factors had a C-index of 0.76 for internal evaluation, an AUC of 0.74 and a net benefit rate of DCA of 9%-93%. The C-index of the model in internal verification was 0.740 with an AUC of 0.749 and a net benefit rate of DCA of 3%-89%, suggesting a high consistency of the two calibration curves. In external verification, the C-index of this model was 0.943 with a net benefit rate of DCA of 3%-97% and an AUC of 0.851, and the predicted value was consistent with the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Gender, age, race and TNM stage are risk factors of death of NPC patients, and the risk prediction model based on these factors can accurately predict the risks of death in NPC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Artificial Intelligence , Algorithms , Software
19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 233-239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971439

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of isolation and culture of human adenoid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSCs) in vitro, and to observe the differentiation of aMSCs into olfactory sensory neurons. Methods: Adenoid tissues surgically removed from children with adenoid hypertrophy in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from September to November of 2020 were collected. The adenoid tissues were digested and isolated by trypsin and then cultured with adhesion method. The expressions of cell surface antigens CD45, CD73 and CD90 on aMSCs of P5 generation were tested by flow cytometry, and the ability of osteogenic and adipogenic induction were used to identify cell differentiation ability. Then, aMSCs were induced into differentiation by retinoic acid (RA), sonic hedgehog (SHH), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), RA+SHH, RA+bFGF, SHH+bFGF and RA+SHH+bFGF, respectively. The morphology of differentiated cells was observed under inverted microscope. The expression of β-tubulin 3, which was the specific marker of sensory neuron, the expressions of growth associated protein-43 (GAP43) and olfactory maker protein (OMP), which were the specific markers of olfactory sensory neuron, were detected by immunofluorescence antibody assay. The expression intensities were compared by Chi-square test of four-grid table data. Results: aMSCs were successively isolated and cultured from human adenoid tissues. P0 cells generation had good adhesion and proliferation performance. P2 cells were basically purified. P5 cells expressed CD73 and CD90 with the purity of 99.3% and 99.75% respectively, without CD45 expression. P5 cells had a good ability of osteogenic differentiation and adipogenic differentiation. Neuron-like morphology and expression of β-tubulin 3 were found in differentiated cells after induced by RA, SHH, or bFGF, respectively. An induction of expression of GAP43 was found in differentiated cells of bFGF+SHH group and RA+SHH+bFGF group, without expression of OMP of each group. The intensity of GAP43 expression of RA+SHH+bFGF group was stronger than that of bFGF+SHH group (χ2=17.48, P<0.005). Conclusions: aMSCs can be cultured from human adenoid tissues, with the stably passaged and good differentiation ability. As a new population of mesenchymal stem cells, aMSCs have the neuroregenerative properties and could differentiate into immature olfactory sensory neurons under the induction of RA+SHH+bFGF in vitro.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hedgehog Proteins , Olfactory Receptor Neurons , Tubulin , Adenoids , Osteogenesis , Cell Differentiation
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3076-3081, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999058

ABSTRACT

Seven compounds were isolated from fermentation extract of cave-derived Metarhizium anisopliae NHC-M3-2 by silica gel, semi-preparative HPLC and other chromatographic methods. Their structures were elucidated by UV, IR, MS and NMR methods as 2,3-dehydroindigotide G (1), (-)-regiolone (2), naphtho-γ-pyrone (3), indigotide G (4), indigotide B (5) destruxin A (6) and destruxin B (7). Compound 1 is a new glycoside naphthopyranone compound. The anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity of these compounds was evaluated. The EC50 and CC50 of compound 3 against HBV were 4.5 μmol·L-1 and 92.3 μmol·L-1, respectively. This is the first report of the antiviral activity of compound 3.

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