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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 339-344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935698

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of epilepsy associated with chromosome 16p11.2 microdeletion. Methods: The patients (n=10) with 16p11.2 microdeletion found in children with epilepsy treated in Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to January 2021 were collected. The clinical manifestations, gene variations and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 10 children's data were collected, including 5 male and 5 female. The onset age of epilepsy was 4.5 (4.1,5.0) months. Regarding the seizure types, 7 cases had focal seizures with secondary generalization, 2 cases had generalized seizures, and 1 case had tonic seizures and spasms. Nine cases had cluster seizure attacks and 3 cases had status epilepticus. Seven cases had focal or multifocal epileptiform discharges in interictal electroencephalogram (EEG), 3 cases had borderline or normal EEG. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed polymicrogyria in 1 case, paraventricular leukomalacia in 1 case, delayed myelination of white matter in 3 cases, and no obvious abnormalities in the other 5 cases. The patients were followed up for 0.5-3.5 years, with 1-3 kinds of antiepileptic drugs taken orally. The case with polymicrogyria still had seizures, however the other 9 cases had seizures controlled. The age of the last seizure attack was 8 (6, 12) months. There were 6 cases with mental and motor developmental delay before epilepsy onset. During the follow-up, 7 cases were retarded to varying degrees, while 3 cases had normal development. Regarding the genetic detection methods, 7 cases underwent whole exome sequencing, 2 cases underwent whole genome copy number variation detection, and 1 case underwent whole genome sequencing. The length of the 16p11.2 deletion in 10 cases ranged from 525 to 951 kb, and all contained the PRRT2 gene intact. Six cases were de novo variants, 1 case was inherited from the mother who had a history of convulsions in early childhood, and the source of variant was not verified in 3 cases, none of whose parents had relevant phenotype. Conclusions: The epilepsy associated with 16p11.2 microdeletion is mainly induced by the heterozygous deletion of PRRT2 gene in this region, however the phenotype is usually severe, and often combined with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. Detection of copy number variation should be emphasized in children whose etiology is considered genetic but second-generation sequencing result is negative.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Chromosomes , DNA Copy Number Variations , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Polymicrogyria/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 232-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935676

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse the clinical and gene characteristics of GRIN2B gene related neurological developmental disorders in children. Methods: The data of 11 children with GRIN2B gene related neurological developmental disorders from November 2016 to February 2021 were collected from Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features, electroencephalogram (EEG), brain imaging and gene testing results were summarized. Results: Among 11 children 6 were boys and 5 were girls. Two of them were diagnosed with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. The ages of seizures onset were 3 months and 9 months, respectively. Seizure types included epileptic spasm, tonic seizures, tonic spasm and focal seizures, and 1 patient also had startle attacks. EEG showed interictal multifocal epileptiform discharges. Both of them were added with more than 2 anti-seizure drugs, which were partially effective but could not control. They had moderate to severe mental and motor retardation. The phenotype of 9 cases was developmental delay or intellectual disability without epilepsy, age of visit 1 year to 6 year and 4 months of whom 5 cases had severe developmental delay, 2 cases had moderate and 2 cases had mild delay. Multi-focal epileptiform discharges were observed in 3 cases, no abnormality was found in 3 cases, and the remaining 3 cases did not undergo EEG examination. Ten cases underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 6 cases had nonspecific abnormalities and 4 cases were normal. Nine GRIN2B gene heterozygous variants were detected by next-generation sequencing in these 11 patients, 8 cases had missense variants and 1 case had nonsense variant, all of which were de novo and 3 of which were novel. Missense variants were found in 10 patients, among them 6 cases had severe developmental delay, 3 cases had moderate and 1 case had mild developmental delay, but the patient with nonsense variant showed mild developmental delay without epilepsy. Conclusions: The phenotypes of GRIN2B gene related neurological developmental disorders in children are diverse, ranging from mild intellectual impairment without epilepsy to severe epileptic encephalopathy. Patients with epileptic phenotype usually have an onset age of infancy, and spasm and focal seizures are the most common seizure types. And the epiletice episodes are refractory. Most of the patients with missense variants had severe developmental delay.


Subject(s)
Child , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/genetics , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics , Spasms, Infantile/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 118-122, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935359

ABSTRACT

Due to the latent characteristics of HIV infection, exceptionality of HIV high-risk population, social discrimination and insufficient awareness of AIDS prevention, timely testing and diagnosis of HIV infection is still a challenge worldwide. Until recently, it is difficult to exactly understand the overall HIV epidemic only using routine surveillance data. Therefore, epidemiological and statistical modeling is widely used to address this issue. Almost at the same time when AIDS was firstly discovered firstly, scientists also began to study the methods for the estimation and prediction of HIV infection epidemic. This article summarizes the development of global and domestic HIV epidemic estimation for the further understanding of its current performance and methods applied to provide reference for the future work.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Epidemics , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Models, Statistical
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935346

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of HIV-infected adolescents outside school in China and provide reference to targeted prevention and control of HIV infection in this population. Methods: All the HIV-infected adolescents aged 15-17 years outside school reported during 2011-2019 were included this study. The information about their demographics, transmission routes and migration were collected from HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. The χ2 test was done for comparison among groups. The Joinpoint 4.9.0 software was applied to the annual percent change (APC) for time trends analysis using the Joinpoint regression model. The Excel 2019 and SPSS 22.0 software were used for data cleaning and statistical analysis. Results: A total of 4 919 HIV-infected adolescents aged 15-17 years outside school were reported accumulatively in China between 2011 and 2019, accounting for 63.4% (4 919/7 757) of total reported HIV-infected cases in this age group. Analysis on trend revealed that the new HIV infection diagnosis rate has become stable since 2016 (APC=2.5%, P=0.173) after the increase between 2011 and 2015 (APC=36.4%, P<0.001). The migration across provinces was discovered in 13.9% (684/4 919) of the HIV-infected adolescents outside school. Males, workers, and those diagnosed in detention centers or transmitted by injecting drugs or homosexual contacts accounted for a larger proportion in migrated cases compared with non-migrated cases. The adolescents outside school mainly got HIV infected by sexual contacts route, in which 66.5% (280/421) of the males were infected by homosexual contacts, while 97.8% (182/186) of the females were infected by heterosexual contacts in 2019. Conclusions: HIV-infected adolescents aged 15-17 years outside school were mainly infected by sexual contacts. However, adolescents outside school have low awareness of sexual health and high mobility, to whom close attention should be paid to improve their awareness of sexual health and to provide them with appropriate HIV infection prevention and treatment service.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Adolescent , China/epidemiology , Female , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Schools , Sexual Behavior
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the screening status of high-risk population of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in areas where “Happy Breathing” project was carried out.Method:There were 1 008 518 COPD screening questionnaires (COPD-SQ) filled out in 18 pilot areas of “Happy Breathing” program from November 2017 to October 2019. Within subjects who scored 16 points or more with COPD-SQ, 63 523 of them underwent pulmonary function tests before bronchodilator inhalation. Stratified analysis, chi-square test and other statistical methods were performed to analyze the distribution of COPD high-risk groups, the prevalence of COPD among high-risk groups and risk factors of COPD.Results:Results in this study suggested that the high-risk population of COPD accounted for 18.99% (191 498/1 008 518) of the population who received the questionnaire screening. Among the high-risk population who received lung function test, 31.59% (20 070/63 523) were screened and diagnosed as COPD patients. As for risk factors of COPD, the proportion of high-risk population was higher in people with a smoking index ≥600 compared with never-smokers (54.20% vs 12.60%), and the prevalence of COPD was also higher in people with a smoking index ≥600 (35.62% vs 25.22%); people who were exposed to second-hand smoke almost every day also showed an increased proportion of high-risk groups (27.39% vs 10.97%) and a high prevalence of COPD (31.36% vs 27.93%) than those without second-hand smoke exposure; the presence or absence of biofuel exposure also caused the difference in the proportion of high-risk groups (33.92% vs 13.11%); compared with people without a family history of respiratory diseases, the proportion of high-risk groups (56.38% vs 16.42%) and the prevalence of COPD in high-risk groups (32.40% vs 29.19%) were both higher in those with family history of respiratory diseases.Conclusion:The high-risk group of COPD accounts for a high proportion of the screened population, suggesting that the “Happy Breathing” project is feasible and necessary in COPD screening, which is helpful for the development of COPD diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of ultrasound-guided nerve block combined with dexmedetomidine (DEX) on postoperative oxidative stress in patients with hip fracture and diabetes.Methods:From March 2017 to December 2019, 78 patients with diabetes who underwent hip fracture surgery were enrolled and divided into two groups by random number table method, with 39 cases in each group. After the operation, the control group was treated with ultrasound-guided femoral nerve combined with lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block with 0.375% ropivacaine, and the study group was treated with ultrasound-guided femoral nerve combined with lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block with 0.375% ropivacaine and DEX 0.5 μg/kg. Patients in both groups were received patient controlling intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after the operation, and visual analogue scoring (VAS) was used to evaluate the resting pain score of the patients at 4 h (T 1), 8 h (T 2), 16 h (T 3), 24 h (T 4), 36 h (T 5) and 48 h after operation (T 6). The levels of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxydeoxyuridine (8-OHdG), at T 1 and T 6 were compared between the two groups. The management system of continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) was used to calculate the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions(MAGE), largest amplitude of glycemic excursions (LAGE), absolute means of daily differences (MODD) of the patients during 48 h after operation, and the correlation between the blood glucose fluctuation indicators and the oxidative stress of the study group were compared. Results:The scores of VAS in the study group at T 1-T 6 were lower than those in the control group , the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.05). At T 6, the level of serum SOD in the study group was higher than that in the control group: (79.58 ± 13.55) kU/L vs. (64.16 ± 11.95) kU/L; the level of serum MDA and 8-OhdG in the study group were higher than those in the control group: (4.36 ± 0.81) μmol/L vs. (5.64 ± 0.94) μmol/L, (1.06 ± 0.19) μg/L vs.(1.42 ± 0.22) μg/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of MAGE, LAGE, MODD in the study group were lower than those in the control group: (2.42 ± 0.47) mmol/L vs. (5.19 ± 0.96) mmol/L, (3.47 ± 0.64) mmol/L vs. (7.61 ± 1.32) mmol/L, (1.21 ± 0.27) mmol/L vs. (2.74 ± 0.46) mmol/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the blood glucose fluctuation indicators MAGE, LAGE and MODD of the study group were negatively correlated with SOD, and were positively correlated with MDA, 8-OHdG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The use of ultrasound-guided nerve block combined with dexmedetomidine (DEX) for patients with hip fracture and diabetes can improve the analgesic effect, reduce oxidative stress of the patients, and improve the blood glucose fluctuation indicators.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of obesity on in-hospital prognosis of patients with mechanical ventilation in PICU.Methods:We enrolled 301 patients who received mechanical ventilation treatment in PICU at Chongqing Medical University Affiliated Children′s Hospital, between June 2015 and June 2020, and stratified them into obese group(49 cases), overweight group(96 cases)and normal weight group(156 cases). Obesity was determined by reference to the growth and development standards published by the World Health Organization.Indicators included PICU hospital mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in the PICU, length of stay in hospital and the rates of duration of mechanical ventilation>21 days, re-intubation, tracheotomy, ventilator-associated pneumonia, central venous catheter infection, deep venous thrombosis and pressure ulcers were observed.The influence of obesity on hospitalized prognosis of children in PICU was analyzed.Results:In obesity group, overweight group and normal weight group, PICU hospital mortality(2.0%, 10.4%, 12.2%), the rate of tracheal reintubation(14.3%, 5.2%, 9.0%), the rate of tracheotomy (2.0%, 1.0%, 2.6%), the rate of deep venous thrombosis(8.2%, 3.1%, 5.8%), and the rate of pressure ulcers(4.1%, 7.3%, 1.9%) did not have significant difference(all P>0.05). No ventilator-associated pneumonia and central venous catheter infection occurred in three groups.There were no significant differences in the PICU hospital mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in the PICU, length of stay in hospital among the three groups(all P>0.05). Obesity was not an independent risk factor for in-hospital death in PICU patients on mechanical ventilation( B=1.975, SE=1.038, OR=7.206, 95% CI 0.942~55.127, P=0.057). Conclusion:Obesity does not prolong the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in PICU and total length of stay in hospital, as well as not increase the rate of duration of mechanical ventilation>21 days, re-intubation, tracheotomy, ventilator-associated pneumonia, central venous catheter infection, deep venous thrombosis and pressure ulcers.Obesity is not an independent influencing factor for in-hospital death in patients with mechanical ventilation in PICU.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930042

ABSTRACT

In recent years, there has been an increasing number of studies on long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in melanoma. Different lncRNAs show high or low expression in melanoma, and competitively combine with miRNAs through ceRNA mechanism, affecting the expression of downstream target mRNAs, thereby playing the role of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. Understanding the role of lncRNA as ceRNA in melanoma can provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of melanoma in the future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940213

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the inhibitory effect of aloe-emodin (AE) on aluminum ion (Al3+)-induced β-amyloid protein 42 (Aβ42) aggregation and its depolymerization on formed Aβ42-Al3+ aggregates in vitro, and to investigate the effect of AE on the cytotoxicity of Aβ42 aggregation in the presence of Al3+. MethodThe Aβ42 group, Aβ42+Al3+ group, Aβ42+AE group, Aβ42+Al3++AE group and the depolymerization test group were set up in the experiment. The aggregation fibrosis process, aggregation morphology, aggregation size and cytotoxicity of Aβ42 in each group were detected by thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence assay, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) experiment and thiazolyl blue (MTT) cytotoxicity assay. ResultCompared with the Aβ42 group, Al3+ could promote Aβ42 aggregation, increase the fluorescence intensity of ThT by 124.48%, induce the aggregation of Aβ42 to form fiber bundles with larger particle size, and significantly reduce the cell viability of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells (P<0.01), thus reducing the cell survival rate to 51.05%. AE not only inhibited Aβ42 aggregation, but also inhibited Al3+-induced Aβ42 aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. Compared with the Aβ42+Al3+ group, high concentration of AE could reduce the ThT fluorescence intensity to 41.66%, and change the polypeptide aggregation pathway to form amorphous aggregates with small particle size. Besides, it significantly inhibited the cytotoxicity of Aβ42 induced by Al3+ (P<0.01), and restored the cell survival rate to 84.87%. Further depolymerization was conducted, AE could depolymerize Aβ42-Al3+ aggregates to make the formed aggregates disappear and form some small-particle short fibers and amorphous structure aggregates with low toxicity. ConclusionAE can inhibit Aβ42 aggregation and cytotoxicity in the presence of Al3+, depolymerize the formed Aβ42-Al3+ aggregates and alleviate the cytotoxicity, thus laying the foundation for exploring the mechanism of AE in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940116

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the inhibitory effect of aloe-emodin (AE) on aluminum ion (Al3+)-induced β-amyloid protein 42 (Aβ42) aggregation and its depolymerization on formed Aβ42-Al3+ aggregates in vitro, and to investigate the effect of AE on the cytotoxicity of Aβ42 aggregation in the presence of Al3+. MethodThe Aβ42 group, Aβ42+Al3+ group, Aβ42+AE group, Aβ42+Al3++AE group and the depolymerization test group were set up in the experiment. The aggregation fibrosis process, aggregation morphology, aggregation size and cytotoxicity of Aβ42 in each group were detected by thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence assay, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) experiment and thiazolyl blue (MTT) cytotoxicity assay. ResultCompared with the Aβ42 group, Al3+ could promote Aβ42 aggregation, increase the fluorescence intensity of ThT by 124.48%, induce the aggregation of Aβ42 to form fiber bundles with larger particle size, and significantly reduce the cell viability of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells (P<0.01), thus reducing the cell survival rate to 51.05%. AE not only inhibited Aβ42 aggregation, but also inhibited Al3+-induced Aβ42 aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. Compared with the Aβ42+Al3+ group, high concentration of AE could reduce the ThT fluorescence intensity to 41.66%, and change the polypeptide aggregation pathway to form amorphous aggregates with small particle size. Besides, it significantly inhibited the cytotoxicity of Aβ42 induced by Al3+ (P<0.01), and restored the cell survival rate to 84.87%. Further depolymerization was conducted, AE could depolymerize Aβ42-Al3+ aggregates to make the formed aggregates disappear and form some small-particle short fibers and amorphous structure aggregates with low toxicity. ConclusionAE can inhibit Aβ42 aggregation and cytotoxicity in the presence of Al3+, depolymerize the formed Aβ42-Al3+ aggregates and alleviate the cytotoxicity, thus laying the foundation for exploring the mechanism of AE in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1543-1545, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940019

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effect of conbercept combined with laser photocoagulation on patients with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion.METHODS: According to the random number table method, 102 patients(102 eyes)with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion who treated in our hospital from January 2019 to June 2021 were divided into observation group and control group. There were 51 patients(51 eyes)in each group. The control group was treated with laser photocoagulation and the observation group was treated with conbercept combined with laser photocoagulation. The macular foveal retinal thickness, best corrected visual acuity and incidence of complications were compared among the patients of two groups.RESULTS: After treatment at 3mo, the retinal thickness of macular fovea in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05), the best corrected visual acuity in the observation group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The incidence of complications was not different between the two groups(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The effect of conbercept combined with laser photocoagulation for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion is remarkable to reduce the retinal thickness of macular fovea and improve the vision of patients and the complications did not increase compared with retinal laser photocoagulation therapy alone, which were safe and effective.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic variants of a child with X-linked mental retardation caused by IQSEC2 gene mutation, and provide reference for the diagnosis of the disease.@*METHODS@#The child was subjected to next generation sequencing (NGS), and the diagnosis was made by taking consideration of her clinical characteristics.@*RESULTS@#The child has presented with global developmental delay, particularly in fine motor skill and language development, in addition with intellectual disability. Genetic testing revealed that she has harbored a heterozygous c.1861dup variant of the IQSEC2 gene, which was not detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The de novo c.186ldup variant of the IQSEC2 gene probably underlay the X-linked mental retardation in this child. Above finding has, expanded the spectrum of IQSEC2 gene mutations and provide a basis for the diagnosis of similar cases.


Subject(s)
Female , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mental Retardation, X-Linked/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928176

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the quality markers(Q-markers) of Yuquan Capsules(YQC) based on serum pharmacochemistry of Chinese medicine and detected the components and metabolites of YQC absorbed into the blood by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and UNIFI systems. As a result, 32 components of YQC were detected, including 17 prototype components and 15 metabolized components. Among them, 12 prototype components(ginsenoside Rh_2, genistein, formononetin, puerarin, daidzein, schizandrin A, schizandrin B, schizandrin C, schizandrol A, schizandrol B, gomisin D, and ononin) and 12 metabolized components(ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Rg_2, ginsenoside Rg_3, ginsenoside Ro, 3'-methoxypuerarin, daidzin, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, glycyrrhizic acid, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritin, and verbascoside) showed inhibitory effects and pharmacological activities against diabetes, and these 24 blood-entering components against diabetes were identified as Q-markers of YQC.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Ginsenosides/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Serum/chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928158

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the main components of fenugreek(Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) leaf flavonoids(FLFs) and their antioxidant activity. FLFs were prepared and enriched by solvent extraction, and the flavonoids were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). The protective effect of FLFs against H_2O_2-induced stress damage to L02 hepatocytes was also investigated. Firstly, the cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The oxidative stress injury model was induced by H_2O_2 in L02 cells. The release of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), the content of reduced glutathione(GSH) and malondialdehyde(MDA), and the activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and catalase(CAT) were measured by assay kits. Hoechst fluorescence staining was performed to observe the cell apoptosis. The expression levels of c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2(ERK1/2), nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2(Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1(HO-1), and their phosphorylated proteins were detected by Western blot. Based on the MS fragment ion information and data in databases, FLFs contained eight flavonoids with quercetin and kaempferol as the main aglycons. The cell viabi-lity assay revealed that as compared with the conditions in the H_2O_2 treatment group, 3.125-25 μg·mL~(-1) FLFs could increase the viability of L02 cells, reduce LDH release and MDA content in a dose-dependent manner, potentiate the activities of SOD, CAT, and GSH, decrease the phosphorylation of JNK and ERK1/2 proteins, and up-regulate the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1. The results of fluorescence staining showed that the nucleus of the H_2O_2 treatment group showed concentrated and dense strong blue fluorescence, while the blue fluorescence intensity of the FLFs group decreased significantly. FLFs showed a protective effect against H_2O_2-induced oxidative damage in L02 cells, and the underlying mechanism is associated with the enhancement of cell capability in clearing oxygen free radicals and the inhibition of apoptosis by the activation of the MAPKs/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. The antioxidant effect of fenugreek leaf is related to its rich flavonoids.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Hepatocytes/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Trigonella/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928042

ABSTRACT

Cannabis sativa,with a long history of cultivation, is a traditional industrial crop widely used for food, textiles, and me-dicine. This study discussed industrial C. sativa and medicinal C. sativa. According to the characteristics of management policies of C. sativa in different periods, we divided the development stages of C. sativa into three stages and analyzed the changes in breeding and cultivation goals under the influence of policies. Meanwhile, a comprehensive analysis was carried out based on the breeding conditions of industrial C. sativa in China. Because of the vast territory of China, the differences in agricultural planting environment, economic development, and social development in the southern and northern areas result in different used parts of C. sativa. To be speci-fic, flowers and leaves are used in Yunnan, fiber in Heilongjiang, and seeds in Shanxi. The breeding of C. sativa varieties highlights fiber, seeds, or both of them. As the value of cannabidiol is explored, medicinal C. sativa has been approved in recent years. Based on the cultivation characteristics and value of industrial C. sativa, it is proposed that industrial C. sativa has a broad application prospect as an important industrial crop, and the existing products contain almost no tetrahydrocannabinol. The cultivation of C. sativa should be rationally guided to promote the development of the C. sativa industry. Moreover, it is recommended to actively apply advanced breeding techniques such as molecular breeding to overcome the problems of the uncertainty of the existing induced breeding and the excessively long hybrid breeding cycle, and develop high value-added applications such as medicinal products of C. sativa to enhance the exploitation of the economic value of C. sativa.


Subject(s)
Cannabidiol/analysis , Cannabis/genetics , China , Dronabinol , Plant Breeding
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927667

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate whether cytokine profiles and virological markers might add value in monitoring the effects of peginterferon (PEG-IFN) therapy for hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#HBeAg positive patients with CHB were treated with PEG-IFN for 48 weeks. Clinical biochemical, and HBV serological indexes, as well as cytokines, were detected at baseline and every 12 weeks.@*Results@#A total of 116 patients with CHB were enrolled in this study; 100 patients completed the 48-week treatment and follow-up, of whom 38 achieved serum HBeAg disappearance, 25 achieved HBeAg seroconversion, 37 showed HBsAg decreases ≥ 1 log 10 IU/mL, 9 showed HBsAg disappearance, and 8 became HBsAb positive. The cytokine levels at baseline and during treatment were similar between the HBeAg disappearance group and non-disappearance group. The disappearance of HBeAg was independently associated with HBeAg levels at weeks 12 and 24, and with the HBeAg decline at week 24 ( P < 0.05). The HBsAg response was independently associated with HBsAg, the HBsAg decline, HBeAg, the HBeAg decline at week 12, and HBsAg at week 24 ( P< 0.05).@*Conclusion@#There was no significant correlation between the response to interferon (IFN) and cytokines during PEG-IFN treatment. The changes in virological markers predicted the response to IFN after 48 weeks.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Cytokines , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes and clinical significance of serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in peripheral lung cancer.Methods:Sixty-eight patients with peripheral lung cancer who received treatment in Luqiao Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Center (Group) between January 2017 and January 2020 were included in the observation group. Sixty-five patients with benign lung diseases who concurrently received treatment in the same hospital were included in the observation group 1, and another 65 healthy participants who concurrently received physical examination were included in the control group. Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA were compared among the three groups. The sensitivity and specificity of using these indicators alone and in combination in the diagnosis of peripheral lung cancer were compared.Results:Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA in the observation group (14.98 ± 2.10) ng/mL, (17.13 ± 2.71) ng/mL, (1.98 ± 0.41) μg/mL, (24.13 ± 2.10) ng/mL and (17.10 ± 2.10) ng/mL, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the observation group 1 [(9.12 ± 1.41) ng/mL, (10.12 ± 1.58) ng/mL, (1.37 ± 0.31) μg/mL, (16.31 ± 1.78) ng/mL, (12.13 ± 1.79) ng/mL] and control group [(5.10 1 ± 0.68) ng/mL, (6.02 ± 0.94) ng/mL, (0.71 ± 0.11) μg/mL, (11.10 ± 1.02) ng/mL, (8.13 ± 1.02) ng/mL] ( F1 = 932.781, F2 = 737.100, F3 = 368.591, F4 = 989.851, F5 = 462.291, all P < 0.05). Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA in patients with stage I-II peripheral lung cancer were (11.12 ± 2.10) ng/mL, (9.12 ± 1.85) ng/mL, (1.52 ± 0.21) μg/mL, (18.12 ± 3.02) ng/mL, (7.52 ± 1.02) ng/mL, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in patients with stage III-IV peripheral lung cancer [(15. 89 ± 2.18) ng/mL, (21.56 ± 2.11) ng/mL, (2.04 ± 0.31) μg/mL, (28.15 ± 2.62) ng/mL, (15.12 ± 1.55) ng/mL, t1 = 9.013, t2 = 25.146, t3 = 7.714, t4 = 14.586, t5 = 22.705, all P < 0.05]. The sensitivity (83.33%) and specificity (86.67%) of combined detection of all indicators were significantly higher than those of single detection of MMP-9 (50.00%, 59.68%), CEA (50.00%, 61.29%), CYFRA21-1 (66.67%, 58.06%), SCC (50.00%, 54.84%) or NSE (66.67%, 58.06%) (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA in patients with peripheral lung cancer are significantly increased, which has an important value in the diagnosis of peripheral lung cancer. The combined detection of the above indicators can increase the diagnostic accuracy of peripheral lung cancer in the clinic.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of notoginsenoside R1 (NR1) on the proliferation of mice aortic smooth muscle cells (MOVAS cells) induced by angiotensinⅡ (AngⅡ) and the signal pathway of angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor (AT1R) / mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Methods:The proliferation of MOVAS cells was detected by BrdU method after AngⅡ induction. Western blot was used to detect the expression of the two main receptors of AngⅡ (AT1R and AT2R) and MAPKs pathway related proteins (ERK, p38, and JNK). Results:(1) AngⅡ (5 μmol/L) could promote the proliferation of MOVAS cells (P<0.01). NR1 (50 μmol/L) could inhibit the proliferation of MOVAS cells induced by AngⅡ (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between control group and NR1 group (P>0.05). (2) Compared with AngⅡ group, the expression of AT1R protein in AngⅡ+ NR1 group was significantly lower (P<0.05), but there was no difference in the expression of AT2R protein (P>0.05). (3) NR1 could significantly inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK, p38 and JNK protein after AngⅡ stimulation (P<0.01). Conclusion:NR1 can inhibit the proliferation of MOVAS cells induced by AngⅡ, which may be related to down regulating AT1R and inhibiting the activation of MAPKs.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1582-1588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922299

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#The clinical data of 53 COVID-19 patients were collected from a single center in Wuhan from February 8, 2020 to March 25, 2020. The patients were divided into severe type group (38 patients) and critical type group (15 patients). The clinical characteristics, indexes of liver function, coagulation function and inflammatory markers were analyzed retrospectively. According to the degree of abnormal liver function in the process of diagnosis and treatment, the patients were divided into three groups: combined liver injury, mild abnormal liver function and normal liver function group. Statistical analysis was performed by using Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#Among the 53 patients, 29 were male (54.7%) and 24 were female (45.3%), the median age was 57(27-80) years old. The time from onset to admission was (11.5±7.7) days. The levels of AST, TBIL, DBIL, ALP, GGT, LDH, D-dimer, PCT and hsCRP in critical patients were higher than those in severe patients (P<0.05). The levels of Alb in critical patients was lower than those in severe patients (P<0.05). Among the 53 patients, 34 (64%) patients showed abnormal elevation of ALT, AST or TBIL, while 4 (7.5%) patients showed the criteria of COVID-19 with liver injury. After the patients were grouping according to the degree of liver dysfunction, the levels of ALP, GGT and D-dimer of the patients in the liver injury group were significantly higher than those in the normal liver function group, D-dimer levels of the patients in the liver injury group was significantly higher than those in the mild abnormal liver function group, while the levels of ALP and GGT in the mild abnormal liver function group were significantly higher than those in the normal liver function group, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this group, the patients with COVID-19 severe/critical type have a certain proportion of liver injury accompanied by significantly increased D-dimer levels, critical type patients have more severe liver function and coagulation dysfunction, which may promote the progression of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Coagulation Disorders , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Liver , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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