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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 43-60, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005438

ABSTRACT

Influenza virus causes serious threat to human life and health. Due to the inherent high variability of influenza virus, clinically resistant mutant strains of currently approved anti-influenza virus drugs have emerged. Therefore, it is urgent to develop antiviral drugs with new targets or mechanisms of action. RNA-dependent RNA polymerase is directly responsible for viral RNA transcription and replication, and plays key roles in the viral life cycle, which is considered an important target of anti-influenza drug design. From the point of view of medicinal chemistry, this review summarizes current advances in diverse small-molecule inhibitors targeting influenza virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, hoping to provide valuable reference for development of novel antiviral drugs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985532

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in (Hebei, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Hunan) 4 provinces of China and the influence of demographic and economic characteristics on them. Methods: A total of 1 747 children and adolescents aged 7-17 from a Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease in 2018 were selected. High waist circumference, central obesity, elevated TG, elevated TC, elevated LDL-C, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, and clustering of risk factors was analyzed. χ2 test was used for univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between demographic and economic factors and risk factors, and the Cochran-Armitage trend test was used for trend analysis. Results: The detection rates of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated TG, elevated blood glucose, central obesity, elevated TC, and elevated LDL-C were 29.08%, 15.28%, 13.17%, 13.05%, 11.79%, 7.33%, 6.53%, and 5.15%, respectively. The rate of clustering of risk factors was 18.37%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of high waist circumference in girls was higher than that in boys (OR=1.67, 95%CI: 1.26-2.22), and the risk of elevated blood glucose and clustering of risk factors was lower than that in boys (OR=0.69, 95%CI: 0.49-0.99; OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.53-0.99). The risk of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, and clustering of risk factors in 13-17 years old group was higher than that in the 7-year-olds group (OR=2.24, 95%CI: 1.65-3.04; OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.20-2.11; OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.26-2.44), but the risk of central obesity was lower (OR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.37-0.78). The risk of elevated TC, elevated TG, and decreased HDL-C in children and adolescents in southern was higher than that in northern parts of China (OR=1.88, 95%CI: 1.25-2.83; OR=1.61, 95%CI: 1.17-2.22; OR=1.55, 95%CI: 1.19-2.04), but the risk of high waist circumference and central obesity was lower than that in northern China (OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.43-0.75; OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.42-0.90). The risk of decreased HDL-C in rural children and adolescents was higher than in urban children and adolescents (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.02-1.83). The risk of multiple risk factors increased with the increase in average monthly household income per capita and BMI level. Conclusions: High waist circumference, decreased HDL-C and elevated blood pressure were prominent cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in 4 provinces of China in 2018. The region, average monthly household income per capita, and BMI were the main influencing factors of cardio-metabolic risk factors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood Glucose , Cohort Studies , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Obesity , Hypertension , China/epidemiology , Waist Circumference
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 408-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969921

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between nutrient-related dietary pattern and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in middle-aged and elderly people. Methods: A total of 6 444 middle-aged and elderly people aged ≥55 years were selected in 2018 China Health and Nutrition Survey. MCI was evaluated by Mini-Mental State Examination, and the intakes of various foods were obtained by consecutive 3-day 24-hour dietary survey and weighing method. The intakes of various nutrients and total dietary energy were calculated based on the food composition table. Demographic and social information, lifestyle and health status of the respondents were obtained through questionnaire survey and physical measurements. In this study, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, iron, copper and selenium were selected as dependent variables. Nutrient-related dietary patterns were extracted by reduced rank regression method, and the relationship between dietary patterns and MCI was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model. Results: Six dietary patterns were extracted in this study, and dietary pattern 1 with the highest explanatory degree was selected for subsequent analysis. Dietary pattern 1 was characterized by higher intakes of legume products, vegetables, fruits, nuts, pork, aquatic products and plant oil. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of MCI was lower in Q4 dietary score group than in Q1 dietary score group (OR=0.69, 95%CI: 0.49-0.98) in the 55-64 age group. In people with sleep duration of 8 hours per day, the risk of MCI was reduced in Q2, Q3 and Q4 dietary score groups compared with the Q1 dietary score group, with OR values of 0.68 (95%CI: 0.51-0.92), 0.67 (95%CI: 0.49-0.92) and 0.65 (95%CI: 0.45-0.92), respectively. Interaction analysis showed that the risk for MCI increased in those aged 65-74 years and ≥75 years compared with those aged 55-64 years in Q1 dietary score group. However, the risk for MCI decreased in both age groups as dietary pattern scores increased. Compared with those with sleep duration less or more than 8 hours per day in Q1 dietary score group, those with sleep duration of 8 hours per day in Q2 and Q3 dietary score groups had a reduced risk for MCI. Conclusion: Dietary patterns with higher intakes of legume products, vegetables, fruits, nuts, pork, aquatic products, and plant oil are negatively associated with MCI in people aged 55-64 years and those who slept 8 hours per day, and may reduce the risk of MCI with aging.


Subject(s)
Aged , Middle Aged , Humans , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Diet , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Nutrients , Vegetables , China/epidemiology
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3254-3269, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999070

ABSTRACT

Hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, two important glycoproteins on the surface of influenza virus, play a considerable role in the entry and release stage of the viral life cycle, respectively. With in-depth investigation of influenza virus glycoproteins and the continuous innovation of drug discovery strategies, a new generation of glycoproteins inhibitors have been continuously discovered. From the point of view of medicinal chemistry, this review summarizes the current advances in seeking small-molecule inhibitors targeting influenza virus glycoproteins, hoping to provide valuable guidance for future development of novel antiviral drugs.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 403-410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014140

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of arbutin on apoptosis of NRK-52e cells induced by LPS and the potential mechanism.Methods The model of NRK- 52e cells injury was constructed by LPS, and NRK-52e cells were divided into control, LPS ( 1 mg • L 1 ) , low dose arbutin (LPS, 1 mg • L 1 + arbutin, 5 (xmol • L_l ) , high dose arbutin ( LPS, 1 mg • L 1 + arbutin , 10 (xmol • L 1 ) and its corresponding inhibitor THC group ( 1 (xmol • L 1).The cell viability was detected ; the levels of ROS, apoptosis, Ca~' concentration and mitochondrial membrane potential ( MMP ) were detected by flow cytometry; the levels of key apoptosis proteins were detected by in cell western; the binding activity of arbutin with ER(3 was imitated by molecular docking technology, and verified by in cell western.Results Arbutin could effectively regulate the levels of ROS, Ca"+ , apoptosis proteins and ER(3 in NRK-52e cells induced by LPS and inhibit the de- cline of MMP, which is blocked by estrogen receptor inhibitor THC.In addition, arbutin has good binding activity with ERf}.Conclusion This study confirms that arbutin could inhibit LPS-induced apoptosis of NRK-52e cells through ER£.

6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 295-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936211

ABSTRACT

Objective: To propose total posterior nasal neurectomy with transection of sphenopalatine neurovascular bundle from anatomy for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, and to explore its clinical application. Methods: Two fresh cadaveric heads (4 sides) were dissected through endoscopic transnasal middle meatus approach at Otorhinolaryngology Anatomy Laboratory of China-Japan Friendship Hospital. The structures of the craniofacial bone related to the surgical approach were observed. Twelve patients with allergic rhinitis who treated in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital from Feb. 1 2019 to Jun. 10 2021 were selected. All the patients were treated by posterior nasal neurotomy with the technique of complete transection of sphenopalatine neurovascular bundle and followed up for 1 year after sugery. During the follow-up, 2 patients were lost. The other 10 patients included 4 males and 6 females, aging from 29 to 69 years. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) were used to evaluate the effect of the surgery. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Important anatomic landmarks of transnasal middle meatus approach were obtained during anatomy, such as ethmoid crest, sphenopalatine foramen/notch, palatine orbital process and sphenopalatine process. The postoperative VAS scores of nose, eye, pharynx, ear and whole body and total VAS scores were significantly lower than those before operation, with statistically significant difference (nose 2.50±1.70 vs 6.47±2.17, eyes 1.15±0.89 vs 3.60±2.57, pharynx 1.30±1.36 vs 4.25±3.64, ear 1.10±1.03 vs 2.67±2.00, whole body 1.08±1.24 vs 3.60±1.17, total 7.13±4.31 vs 20.58±9.05, all P<0.05). The postoperative RQLQ scores of sleep, nose, eyes, practical problems, emotion, activity and the total RQLQ scores of patients were significantly lower than those before operation, with statistically significant difference (sleep 0.80±0.69 vs 2.93±1.33, nose 1.38±1.18 vs 3.93±1.50, eyes 0.58±0.66 vs 1.80±1.25, practical problems 1.10±1.22 vs 3.03±1.84, emotion 1.00±1.81 vs 2.58±2.00, activity 2.77±2.93 vs 6.00±1.85, total 8.99±8.92 vs 22.42±8.69, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative scores of non-nasal/ocular symptoms (1.37±1.60 vs 2.16±1.12, P=0.166). There was no other complication except 2 cases with short-term postoperative numbness. Conclusions: Total posterior nasal neurectomy with transection of sphenopalatine neurovascular bundle is a safe, effective and feasible method for the treatment of intractable allergic rhinitis, and its long-term efficacy needs further observation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Denervation/methods , Nose/surgery , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2364-2377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937032

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the intervention mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction on asthma from the perspective of immune inflammation and intestinal flora, providing a theoretical basis for guiding clinical medication. The ovalbumin (OVA) asthmatic rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of OVA sensitization solution and aerosol challenge, and divided into control (CON), model (M), dexamethasone group (DEX, 0.075 mg·kg-1) and Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction (TLDZ, 3.5 g·kg-1). Firstly, the effects of Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction on asthma symptoms of rats, lung and trachea pathological changes of asthmatic rats were observed by inducing cough and asthma experiment, phenol red excretion, hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E), Masson and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) staining; the levels of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-10 in rat serum and the levels of interferon γ (IFN-γ), immunoglobulin E (IgE), IL-4, IL-17A and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA; the mRNA levels of IL-5, IL-13 and IL-33 in the lung were determined by qRT-PCR; the levels of macrophages and neutrophils in the spleen and the levels of natural killer cell (NK), helper T cell (Thc), dendritic cell (DC), regulatory T cell (Treg) and T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry combined with immunohistochemistry; the intestinal flora of asthmatic rats were analyzed by 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. Pathology and inflammatory results showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could effectively alleviate the asthma symptoms in rats, improve the pathological changes of lung tissue, reduce the production of goblet cells and collagen fibers, and reduce the inflammatory response in asthmatic rats; the results of immune cells showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could effectively increase the levels of NK, Thc, DC and Treg cells and reduce the levels of macrophages, neutrophils and Th17 cells in asthmatic rats; the results of intestinal flora showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could increase the levels of Lactobacillus, Ruminococcus, Christensenellaceae, Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium]_xylanophilum-group, and decrease the levels of Firmicutes, Desulfovibrio, Mucispirillum and Romboutsia in asthmatic rats. Therefore, it is speculated that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction can improve the symptom of asthmatic rats by regulating the immune inflammation and intestinal flora in the asthmatic rats. All animal experiments in this article were approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan University of Chinese Medicine.

8.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 390-398, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism by which total alkaloids of Sophora alopecuroides (TASA) and matrine (MT) impair biofilm to increase the susceptibility of Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) to ciprofloxacin. Methods: The minimum biofilm inhibitory concentration (mBIC) was determined using a 2-fold dilution method. Structure of biofilm of S. epidermidis was examined by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM). The cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined using a DCFH-DA assay. The key factors related to the regulation of ROS were accessed using respective kits. Results: TASA and MT were more beneficial to impair biofilm of S. epidermidis than ciprofloxacin (CIP) (P < 0.05). TASA and MT were not easily developed resistance to biofilm-producing S. epidermidis. The mBIC of CIP decreased by 2–6-fold following the treatment of sub-biofilm inhibitory concentration (sub-BIC) TASA and MT, whereas the mBIC of CIP increased by 2-fold following a treatment of sub-BIC CIP from the first to sixth generations. TASA and MT can improve the production of ROS in biofilm-producing S. epidermidis. The ROS content was decreased 23%−33% following the treatment of sub-mBIC CIP, whereas ROS content increased 7%−24% following treatment with TASA + CIP and MT + CIP combination from the first to sixth generations. Nitric oxide (NO) as a ROS, which was consistent with the previously confirmed relationship between ROS and drug resistance. Related regulatory factors-superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH) could synergistically maintain the redox balance in vivo. Conclusion: TASA and MT enhanced reactive oxygen species to restore the susceptibility of S. epidermidis to ciprofloxacin.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 627-639, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820860

ABSTRACT

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a kind of mosquito-borne flavivirus. ZIKV infection initially shows mild symptoms on patients, but will lead to severe neurological complications (such as Guillain-Barré syndrome) in the end. Meanwhile, pregnant women are sensitive to ZIKV, since the viruses may cause microcephaly. In 2015, after the epidemic in Brazil, ZIKV draws the public attention around the world because of its increased virulence and rapid dissemination. However, there is no approved specific anti-ZIKV drugs at present. This review summarizes progress on anti-zika virus drug research and provides prospects in this field.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 611-626, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820859

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the influenza viruses (IFV) caused significant harm to our health and life. Human infections caused by pathogenic avian influenza virus (AIV) have continually brought great panic and death threats to people all over the world. With the in-depth study of the biological characteristics of influenza viruses and the rapid development of drug discovery screening technology, a new generation of anti-influenza drug targets and their inhibitors have been continuously discovered, providing more options for the treatment of influenza. From the point of view of medicinal chemistry, this review summarizes and discusses current endeavours towards the discovery and development of novel inhibitors and also provides examples illustrating new methodologies that contribute to the identification of novel anti-influenza drugs.

11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 19-29, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781417

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The present study aimed to investigate the association of red meat usual intake with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and explore the contribution of red meat usual intake to serum ferritin.@*Methods@#Based on the data from the longitudinal China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), 2,797 healthy adults aged 18-75 years without hypertension, diabetes, and MetS were selected in 2009 as subjects and follow-up studies were carried out till 2015. We used the National Cancer Institute (NCI) method to estimate the usual intake of foods. Multivariable logistic regressions were performed to evaluate the association between red meat usual intake and the risk of MetS. Quantile regression analysis was used to study the relationship between red meat consumption and serum ferritin levels.@*Results@#After adjusting for potential confounders, red meat, and fresh red meat were positively associated with the risk of MetS ( = 1.41, 95% : 1.05-1.90 and = 1.37, 95% : 1.02-1.85, respectively). These relationships showed increasing trend ( < 0.05). The level of serum ferritin increased significantly with the number of MetS components ( < 0.05). The quantile regression analysis showed that red meat and fresh red meat usual intake had a significant positive association with serum ferritin levels across the entire conditional serum ferritin distribution ( < 0.05). Processed red meat did not exhibit a similar association.@*Conclusion@#Higher red meat usual intake was associated with an increased risk of MetS and elevated serum ferritin levels.

12.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 336-340, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777971

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To analyze the drug resistance profile and risk factors for extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients. Methods XDR-TB cases were identified by sixteen anti-TB drug susceptibility kits among inpatients with a diagnosis of laboratory-confirmed mycobacterium tuberculosis. Single-factor and Logistic analysis were used to analyze the risk factors for drug resistant of the first and second-line anti-TB drugs in XDR-TB patients. Results Resistant rate of rifampin, isoniazid and rifampicin were 100%, Resistant rate of streptomycin, rifampicin and dean, b sulfur isoniazid, levofloxacin and capreomycin were from 90% to 100%, resistant rate of kanamycin and amino salicylic acid were from 70% to 80%, resistant rate of amikacin from 60% to 70%, resistant rate of sulfur isoniazid was from 50% to 60%, resistant rate of ethambutol and moxifloxacin were from 40% to 50%, resistant rate of clarithromycin was from 10% to 20%, resistant rate of clofazimine 5.2%. 92.1% of XDR-TB patients were resistant to more than 10 anti-TB drugs, and the least of the patients were resistant to 6 anti-TB drugs.Logistic regression analysis showed the risk factors for XDR-TB first-and second-line anti-tb drugs included age [20-40 year (OR=6.318, 95% CI:1.204-33.15, P=0.029;40-60 year (OR=4.772, 95% CI:0.973-23.392, P=0.054); 60 year (OR=41.366, 95% CI:2.909-588.265, P=0.006)]and anti-TB treatment history was retreatment(OR=28.013, 95% CI:3.357-233.766, P=0.002). Conclusions XDR-TB patients have serious drug resistance, but there were some drug treatable drug resistance types, and the risk factors mainly come from age and anti-TB treatment history.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1089-1091, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709422

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive value of ambulatory electrocardiography (AECG) and carotid ultrasound (CUS) for coronary heart disease (CHD) in elderly patients.Methods A total of 240 elderly patients receiving coronary angiography at our hospital from December 2015 to December 2017 were recruited to this study and were divided into a CHD group (n =147) and a non-CHD group (n=93).Data of ambulatory electrocardiography and carotid ultrasound for each patient were collected and evaluated for their sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value.Results Six patients (6.5%) in the non-CHD group and 111 Patients (75.5%) in the CHD group had AECG-detected ST-segment deviation and thick CIM,and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (x2 =108.732,P <0.01).The sensitivity,specificity,positive and negative predictive values of AECG combined with CUS were 75.5 %,93.6 %,94.5 %,and 70.4%,respectively.Conclusions AECG combined with CUS has a good specificity for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease.

14.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1428-1434, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697792

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impacts of LASP-1 on the behavior and cell proliferation ability of tumor derived osteoblast-like cells and non tumor derived osteoblasts. Methods QRT-PCR and Western blot were performed to detect LASP-1 expressions in mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMMSC),human osteoblasts (hOB) and human osteosarcoma cell (MG-63). With the construction of recombinant vector and the transfection of shLASP-1,the expression changes in both LASP-1 and osteocalcin(OCN),and the cell number of cell-cycle phase distribution were analyzed. Results With up-or down-regulation of LASP-1,osteocalcin(OCN) expression,cell proliferation ability and the cell number of G2/M phase in non tumor cells(BMMSC,hOB)had no obvious changes. However,as for the tumor cells(MG-63),with an increased expression of LASP-1,the expression of OCN,cell proliferation number and the cell number at G2/M phase changed. There was no significant effect on the moving ability of each cell. Conclusions LASP-1 has no significant effect on the osteogenic proper-ties,cell proliferation ability and cell cycle distribution of non tumor derived cells,but has a regulatory effect on tumor derived cells(MG-63).

15.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 115-118, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823327

ABSTRACT

@#Root canal therapy of mandibular first premolar is challenging for there are some variations in mandibular first premolar root canal. And it is easy to fail when there are some tiny missing root canals. This article reported a mandibular first premolar with apical furcation which was found by the combined application of X-ray and CBCT. This article also focuses on root canal exploration and instrumentation, in order to provide evidence for treatment of mandibular first premolar.

16.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 101-105, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668085

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical, endoscopic and pathological data of patients with chronic diarrhea, and explore the possible risk factors of microscopic colitis (MC). Methods A prospective analysis of the clinical data of patients with complaints of watery diarrhea from June 2016 to April 2017 was conducted. All patients received colonoscopy examination with multi-point intestinal mucosal biopsy, histopathological and HE Masson staining. The history and pathology were analyzed. Results In 102 cases of watery diarrhea, MC was diagnosed in 3 cases (3/102, 2.94%), of which there were 3 cases of collagenous colitis (CC) in all these cases, all of them were female, aged 24~36 years old, and no lymphocytic colitis (LC) in all these cases. Mucous membrane of normal or mild hyperemia and edema showed only; histopathology showed epithelial cell injury, intraepithelial lymphocytosis, inflammatory cell infiltration in lamina propria, subepithelial collagen thickening. Recent hypoglycemic agents, PPIs, gluten and other factors may be closely related to the incidence of MC. Conclusion MC is an important cause of chronic diarrhea, the clinical symptoms and endoscopic manifestations are nonspecific, chronic diarrhea patients should undergo colonoscopy under multi-point biopsy, the incidence may be related to the use of certain drugs (such as hypoglycemic agents, PPIs) and some foods (gluten).

17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 59-63, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351401

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the characteristics of DUOXA2 gene mutation and the genotype-phenotype relationship in children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Guangzhou, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 20 CH patients with suspected thyroid dyshormonogenesis who had no DUOX2 gene mutation were enrolled. These patients who were born between 2011 and 2012 were screened and diagnosed with CH in the Guangzhou Newborn Screening Center. PCR and direct sequencing were used to analyze DUOXA2 gene mutation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 20 patients, 2 had p.Y246X/p.Y246X homozygous mutation; 4 had monoallelic heterozygous mutation, among whom 2 carried the known pathogenic mutation c.413-414insA, 1 carried p.Y246X, and 1 carried a novel mutation, p.G79R. Reevaluation was performed at the age of 2-3 years, and the results showed that the two patients with p.Y246X/p.Y246X homozygous mutation were manifested as transient and mild permanent CH, respectively. Among the four patients with monoallelic heterozygous mutation, the one who carried p.Y246X mutation was manifested as typical permanent CH, and the other three were manifested as transient CH.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DUOXA2 gene mutation is a common molecular pathogenic basis for CH children with suspected thyroid dyshormonogenesis in Guangzhou, and most of them are manifested as transient CH. There is no association between DUOXA2 genotypes and phenotypes. The novel mutation p.G79R is probably a pathogenic mutation.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genetics , Genotype , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mutation , Phenotype
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1077-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779279

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of recombinant human kallistatin (Kal) on ulcerative colitis (UC) in the mouse model. Acute colitis was induced by administration of 4% dextran sodium suffate (DSS) to KM mice for 7 days. The mice were then randomized into 5 groups:model control, Kal 0.2 mg·kg-1·d-1, 1.0 mg·kg-1·d-1 and 2.0 mg·kg-1·d-1 group, salazosulfapyridine (SASP) group. Ten age-matched normal KM mouse were administered with saline in the normal control. The weight, colon length, inflammation factor (MPO/SOD/MDA) and TNF-α/IL-10 levels among the five groups of mice were determined. The results showed that histological index score and MPO/MDA/TNF-α levels of high-dose Kal treatment group and SASP group were significantly lower compared with the model group (PPα/IL-10 levels and has some antioxidant activity.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1032-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779273

ABSTRACT

The potential of cancer immunotherapy has been demonstrated recently using the chimeric antigen receptors-engineered (CAR) T cells, in which B cell haematological malignancies was successfully treated in clinical trials. However, challenges remain in the translation of the potential benefits into therapy of other types of cancer with similar efficacy and safety. Excessive activation of genetically-modified T cells may cause severe toxicities, such as cytokine storm, on-target toxicities, and tumor lysis syndrome. Genomic integration of viral vectors may cause genetic toxicities due to insertional mutagenesis of important genes. Strategies to overcome these toxicities are proposed and discussed, including the use of suicide genes, combinatorial antigen recognition, on-switch, non-viral vector and other innovative gene therapy strategies, to enhance safety of this promising immunotherapy.

20.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2020-2022, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494476

ABSTRACT

Objective The study examined the influence on marginal bone levers at implants which implants were assigned to open healing and implant-abutment connection restored according to a platform-switching concept. Methods One implant were placed in the first molar of mandible of 48 patients , randomly assigned to open (OH) or submerge (SH) healing. Standardized radiographs were obtained after implant surgery, when implant transfer and crown mounting, and 6 ,12 and 24 months after implants restoration, then evaluated for implant-bone-lever alterations(ΔIBL). Results After 6 months after implants restoration,ΔIBL were (-0.25 ± 0.08)mm mm(OH)and (-0.26 ± 0.12)mm(SH). After 12 months follow-up, ΔIBL were (-0.29 ± 0.13)mm (OH)and (-0.31 ± 0.14) mm(SH), and after 24 months later, ΔIBLwere (-0.34 ± 0.15)mm(OH)and (-0.33 ± 0.11)mm (SH). Conclusions Platform-switched implants showed very limited peri-implant bone-lever alterations. The healing-mode neither affected the total amount nor the temporal patterns of ΔIBL.

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