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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 623-626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876417

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to investigate the epidemiological distribution of HFMD and quantify the association of temperature with the incidence of children’s HFMD in Nanjing, China.@*Methods@#Daily counts of HFMD in children under 5 years and daily meteorological variables during 2011-2016 were obtained. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the epidemiological characteristics and distributed lag non linear model (DLNM) was used to assess the associations of temperature on HFMD cases.@*Results@#A total of 104 977 HFMD cases aged 0-5 years were reported in Nanjing during the study period and the male to female sex ratio was 1.49∶1. The average annual incidence was 213.5 per 100 000. A bimodal seasonal pattern was observed and the south and west were found to be the high incidence areas in the city. Of these laboratory confirmed enteroviruses positive cases, 32.5% cases were positive for EV-A71 infections, 29.1% cases were positive for CV-A16 infections and 38.4% cases were positive of other enteroviruses infections. The temperature HFMD relationships were non linear and showed obvious lag effects. The cumulative relative risk presented as an approximately inverted U shape over 14 days and peaked at 25.7 ℃ with value of 2.71(95%CI=1.93-3.81). Subgroup analyses revealed that males and children aged <1 year were more vulnerable to temperature variations.@*Conclusion@#Epidemiological characteristics of HFMD among children aged 0-5 years old in Nanjing presented temporal and regional distribution. The temperature has significant impact on children’s HFMD occurrence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of B10 cell involved in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy following myocarditis, and to develop potential therapeutic strategies.Methods:BALB/c mice infected with Coxsackie virus B3 induced viral myocarditis model. The expression of angiotensin (ANG)Ⅱ and its receptor in myocarditis mice was detected. The changes of B10 cells in the hearts of control mice and myocarditis mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. After losartan was administered to myocarditis mice, the degree of myocardial inflammation was detected by HE staining, the expression of inflammatory factors was detected by ELISA, the myocardial hypertrophy was detected by wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) staining, and the changes of B10 cells in the heart were analyzed by flow cytometry. The levels of cardiac troponin T (C-TNT) and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein in neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes treated with ANGⅡ and ANGⅡ+ IL-10 were detected. Cardiomyocytes were treated with ANGⅡ, ANGⅡ+ B10 cells, ANGⅡ+ B10 cells + IL-10 receptor antibody and ANGⅡ+ B cells to detect C-TNT protein levels, and Annexin-V/PI was used to detect the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes were treated with oxidized HMGB1, reduced HMGB1 and disulfide HMGB1, and C-TNT expression was detected.Results:Coxsackievirus B3 infection caused cardiac hypertrophy, high expression of ANGⅡ and its receptor, and transient increase of B10 cells in mice. Losartan treatment blocked the angiotensin receptor, reduced expansion of B10 cells. B10 cells alleviated apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and inhibited the production of HMGB1 induced by ANGⅡ patch by producing IL-10, thus alleviating viral myocarditis and cardiac hypertrophy.Conclusions:B10 cells may play an important role in myocardial protection in myocarditis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of static 70° head-up tilted standing and of repeated body repositioning on hemodynamics in healthy young and middle-aged persons.Methods:The hemodynamics of 24 middle-aged and 23 younger persons were studied. Both groups were requested to perform static 70° head-up tilted standing and to repeatedly change their body position from 0° to 70° of tilt at a velocity of 1°/second for ten minutes in a random order. Before, between and after each test the subjects rested supine for ten minutes. Hemodynamic variables and blood pressure were recorded non-invasively.Results:The average heart rate (HR) increased significantly in both groups when rising from supine to the testing positions. In 70° tilted standing the average HR of the youth group, 84.0±9.5bpm, was significantly higher than that in the other position and that of the middle-aged group in the same position. The average HR of the middle-aged group in 70° tilted standing was also significantly higher than in the other position. Among the middle-aged group, the average stroke volume (SV) in the testing positions was significantly lower than when resting. Significant differences were observed in the average diastolic blood pressure (DBP) between the testing and rest positions for both groups, with the average DBP of the middle-aged group significantly higher than that of the youth group in all three positions. Among the youth group, the average SV, CO and systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the males were significantly higher than among the females in all of the different body positions.Conclusions:Young persons mainly rely on an increased heart rate to maintain cardiac output while middle-aged participants appear to achieve this through increased peripheral resistance. Repeated position changes have less impact on hemodynamics than 70° inclined standing, making it a safer and more stable training method. However, the long-term effects of such intervention need to be confirmed in further studies.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of flail arm syndrome (FAS).Methods:Clinical and electrophysiological data were collected on 13 FAS patients and 31 persons with upper limb onset amyotropic lateral sclerosis (UL-ALS), including the amplitude of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) related to median nerve, ulnar nerve, and axillary nerve motor conduction. A split-hand index (SI) was calculated by dividing the CMAP amplitude of abductor pollicis brevis by that of the abductor digiti minimi. Clinical features, the CMAP amplitudes and SIs were compared between the FAS and UL-ALS patients.Results:Compared with UL-ALS patients, the age at onset among the FAS patients was older (averaging 60.9 years). The development to the second stage was longer (24±6 months). The upper limb reflexes of 15% of the FAS patients had disappeared and those of 77% were weakened, while the lower limb reflexes of 54% of the FAS patients were active and 38% were weakened, significantly different from the UL-ALS patients. However, there were no significant differences in the CMAP amplitudes of the median and ulnar nerves, nor in SI between the FAS and UL-ALS patients. The SIs of the FAS patients with upper motor neuron signs were significantly lower than those of FAS patients without such signs. Among the FAS patients, the average CMAP amplitude of the ulnar nerve was the highest, followed by those of the median and axillary nerves. Among the UL-ALS patients, however, the average CMAP amplitude of the ulnar nerve was not significantly different from that of the axillary nerve.Conclusions:FAS patients with upper motor neuron signs are more likely to have slip hand. The CMAP amplitude of their axillary nerve tends to be lower than that of their median and ulnar nerves. FAS seems to be a special type of ALS.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis of severe hyperbilirubinemia in full-term infants who met the exchange transfusion criteria and were treated by blood exchange transfusion and phototherapy.Methods:A total of 168 full-term infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia who met the criteria for exchange transfusion and were hospitalized in the Neonatology Department of seven tertiary hospitals in Hebei Province from June 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively included. According to the treatment protocol, they were divided into two groups: exchange transfusion group (38 cases) and phototherapy group (130 cases). Two independent sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to compare the clinical manifestations and follow-up results between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis. Results:Neonatal severe hyperbilirubinemia in the exchange transfusion and phototherapy group were both mainly caused by hemolytic disease [42.1%(16/38) and 29.2%(38/130)], sepsis [28.9%(11/38) and 11.5%(15/130)] and early-onset breastfeeding jaundice [15.8%(6/38) and 11.5%(15/130)]. Total serum bilirubin level on admission in the exchange transfusion group was significantly higher than that in the phototherapy group [(531.7±141.3) vs (440.0±67.4) μmol/L, t=3.870, P<0.001]. Moreover, the percentage of patients with mild, moderate and severe acute bilirubin encephalopathy in the exchange transfusion group were higher than those in the phototherapy group [15.8%(6/38) vs 3.8%(5/130), 7.9%(3/38) vs 0.8%(1/130), 13.2%(5/38) vs 0.0%(0/130); χ2=29.119, P<0.001]. Among the 168 patients, 135 were followed up to 18-36 months of age and 12 showed poor prognosis (developmental retardation or hearing impairment) with four in the exchange transfusion group (12.9%, 4/31) and eight in the phototherapy group (7.7%, 8/104). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that for full-term infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia who met the exchange transfusion criteria, phototherapy alone without blood exchange transfusion as well as severe ABE were risk factors for poor prognosis ( OR=14.407, 95% CI: 1.101-88.528, P=0.042; OR=16.561, 95% CI: 4.042-67.850, P<0.001). Conclusions:Full-term infants who have severe hyperbilirubinemia and meet the exchange transfusion criteria should be actively treated with blood exchange transfusion, especially for those with severe ABE, so as to improve the prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 376-383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation, and to quantitatively analyze the changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC).Methods:The MRI images of 14 cases of diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation were retrospectively analyzed in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April 2017 to November 2019. The location, edge, signal, peritumoral edema and enhancement characteristics of the lesions were observed, and the changes of ADC values were analyzed.Results:The tumors were located in thalamus in four cases, pons in six cases, medulla oblongata in two cases and spinal cord in two cases. In seven cases, the tumor was confined to the midline region, of which six cases had clear boundary, seven cases were located in the midline area, but infiltrated into the non midline area at the same time, and six cases had unclear boundary. Basilar artery entrapment was found in all six patients located in pons. Multiple large cystic changes were found in five cases, multiple small cysts in four cases and no cystic changes in five cases. Cystic changes were found in all seven cases of tumors involving the non midline region, of which six cases were located only in the non midline region, and only two of the seven tumors localized in the midline region had small cysts. Hemorrhage was found in four cases. Five cases showed mild heterogeneous enhancement, six cases showed moderate heterogeneous enhancement, two cases showed obvious enhancement, and one case showed no enhancement. There was no edema around the tumor in nine cases and mild edema in five cases. The average edema index was 1.13. The average ADC value of tumor parenchyma in 12 patients was (7.83±0.88)×10 -4 mm 2/s, which was 15.6% lower than that of the contralateral side [(9.28±0.69)×10 -4 mm 2/s, t=-6.336, P<0.05]. Conclusions:Diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation have a younger onset age and are more likely to occur in thalamus, brainstem and spinal cord. Most of the tumors have no peritumoral edema or mild peritumoral edema. The tumors confined to the midline region are regular in shape and clear in boundary. The masses involving the non midline area are prone to cystic necrosis. Diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation in pons are prone to basilar artery entrapment. ADC value can provide a quantitative basis for preoperative tumor grading.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical and histopathological characteristics of infantile congenital melanocytic nevi (ICMN) .Methods:Clinical and pathological data were collected from 126 infants with confirmedly diagnosed congenital melanocytic nevi in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from January 2015 to January 2020, and were retrospectively analyzed. Chi-square test was used for comparisons of enumeration data.Results:Among the 126 patients with ICMN, 68 were males and 58 were females; 109 (86.5%) presented with skin lesions at birth; 73 (57.9%) were 2 - 3 years old at the first clinic visit. The skin lesions occurred on the head and face (76 cases, 60.3%) , trunk (24 cases, 19.1%) or extremities (26 cases, 20.6%) . There were 36 (28.6%) patients with small congenital nevi, 68 (54.0%) with M1-type medium-sized nevi, 13 (10.3%) with M2-type medium-sized nevi and 9 (7.1%) with giant nevi. Of 126 cases of ICMN, 121 (96.0%) had solitary lesions, 5 (4.0%) had multiple lesions, 44 (34.9%) had nevi with coarse hairs, 15 (11.9%) had nevi complicated by papules or hyperplastic nodules, and 6 (4.8%) had satellite lesions. Pathological subtypes included compound nevus (120 cases, 95.2%) , intradermal nevus (4 cases, 3.2%) , and junctional nevus (2 cases, 1.6%) . Under the microscope, the depth of the skin lesions was < 1 mm in 38 (30.1%) cases, 1 - 2 mm in 61 (48.4%) and > 2 mm in 25 (19.8%) , and 45 (35.7%) cases showed nevus cells infiltrating the subcutaneous fat layer or deeper tissues. Among the 126 ICMN lesions, common pathological features included nevus tissue maturation (100%, 2 cases of junctional nevi were excluded) , pigment granules in the stratum corneum (53 cases, 42.1%) , disordered/asymmetric distribution of nevus cells (80 cases, 63.5%) , scattered epidermal nevus cells (91 cases, 72.2%) , pagetoid spread of epidermal nevus cells (67 cases, 53.2%) , melanophages in the dermis (71 cases, 56.4%) , and nevus cells distributed along hair follicles/sebaceous glands (82 cases, 65.1%) . Special pathological features included nevus cells embedded in the vascular/lymphatic vessels (42 cases, 33.3%) , nevus cell lysis (45 cases, 35.7%) , fibromatous changes (25 cases, 19.8%) , involvement of the arrector pilli muscles (31 cases, 24.6%) , and mast cell infiltration (30 cases, 23.8%) . Pathological patterns of ICMN with different clinical features: the incidences of infiltration depth > 2 mm, pigment granules and columnar pigment granules in the stratum corneum were significantly higher in the giant nevi than in the small and medium-sized nevi ( χ2 = 7.93, 10.76, 5.89 respectively, all P < 0.05) ; the incidences of infiltration depth > 2 mm, epidermal spongiosis with scattered nevus cells, nevus cell nests distributed along the hair follicles/sebaceous glands, fibromatous changes and mast cell infiltration were significantly higher in the skin lesions with coarse hairs than in those without ( χ2 = 28.29, 8.11, 6.22, 7.92, 8.19 respectively, all P < 0.01) ; the incidences of pagetoid spread of epidermal nevus cells and atypical nevus cells were significantly higher in the skin lesions with papules/hyperplastic nodules than in those without papules/hyperplastic nodules ( χ2 = 4.92, 6.30 respectively, both P < 0.05) . Conclusions:The clinical and histopathological characteristics of ICMN are unique, and atypical nevus cells are common in ICMN. The diagnosis and treatment of ICMN need to be based on the combination of clinical and pathological characteristics.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical and pathological features of 320 cases of Spitzoid tumors.Methods:Clinical and pathological data were collected from 320 patients with Spitzoid tumors in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from January 2005 to January 2020, and retrospectively analyzed.Results:The 320 patients included 141 males and 179 females, aged 0 - 65 (12.5 ± 11.7) years, and their course of disease ranged from 1 month to 30 years. Among them, there were 307 patients with Spitz nevi, 8 with atypical Spitz tumors and 5 with Spitzoid melanoma. Most skin lesions were solitary, and occurred on the head, face, trunk and limbs, with clear boundaries. Among the 307 patients with Spitz nevi, the skin lesions were mainly black (132 cases, 43.0%) and red (108 cases, 35.1%) in color, most of which were uniformly pigmented (262 cases, 85.3%) with smooth surfaces (272 cases, 88.6%) . There were several special clinical subtypes of Spitz nevi, including Spitz nevus arising in a nevus spilus (11 cases, 3.6%) , agminated Spitz nevus (11 cases, 3.6%) , disseminated Spitz nevus (6 cases, 2.0%) , nodular Spitz nevus (7 cases, 2.3%) and keloid-like Spitz nevus (1 case, 0.3%) . Characteristic histopathological manifestations of Spitz nevi included pagetoid spread of epidermal nevus cells (123 cases, 40.1%) , Kamino bodies at the dermo-epidermal junction (74 cases, 24.1%) , horizontal band-like distribution of nevus cells (177 cases, 57.8) , wedge-shaped distribution of nevus cells (118 cases, 38.4%) , fissures around nevus cell nests (177 cases, 57.8%) , physiological mitotic figures (117 cases, 38.1%) , and fine nuclear chromatin (307 cases, 100%) . According to the special histopathological manifestations, Spitz nevi were divided into pigmented epithelioid Spitz nevus (9 cases, 2.9%) , desmoplastic Spitz nevus (13 cases, 4.2%) , hemangiomatous Spitz nevus (8 cases, 2.6%) , verrucous Spitz nevus (12 cases, 3.9%) , mucoid Spitz nevus (10 cases, 3.3%) , halo-like Spitz nevus (4 cases, 1.3%) , etc. Among the 8 cases of atypical Spitz tumors, 4 skin lesions were black, 7 were uniformly pigmented, and 3 had rough surfaces; the characteristic pathological manifestations included mild to moderate atypia of cells, mitotic figures (2 - 6 cells/mm 2 in 7 cases) , and coarse nuclear chromatin (5 cases) . Among the 5 cases of Spitzoid melanoma, 3 had red skin lesions, 4 were non-uniformly pigmented, and 3 had rough surfaces; the characteristic pathological manifestations included pagetoid spread of melanocytes (3 cases) , non-polar infiltrating growth of immature tumor cells, pathological mitotic figures (3 cases, > 6 cells/mm 2) , coarse nuclear chromatin and obviously stained nuclear membrane. Conclusions:Spitzoid tumors are characterized by unique clinical and histopathological features. There are various clinical and pathological subtypes of Spitz nevi, and atypical Spitz tumors have clinical and pathological characteristics of both Spitz nevi and melanoma.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of 3.5% lidocaine hydrochloride ophthalmic gel for eye surface anesthesia.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was conducted in 10 hospitals in China from August 2018 to April 2019 under the approval of an Ethics Committee of Beijing Hospital (No.2018BJYYEC-014-02). A total of 220 fellow eyes of 220 subjects who received ocular surgery in one eye were actually enrolled according to a same included criteria in different institutes.The 220 eyes were randomly divided into control group and trail group.Two drops of lidocaine hydrochloride gel were dropped at about 5 mm away from corneal limbus at 6 o'clock direction of experimental eye of the trail group, and the blank gel was used in the eyes of the control group in the same way.The pain sensation was assessed with a 0.3 mm toothless micro forceps on conjunctiva within a specified time, and ''pain'' or ''no pain'' was answered by the subjects.The primary effective indexes, namely the number of eyes and percentage of ''no pain'' within 5 minutes following dropping, as well as the secondary indexes including the onset time point of the drug and the duration of anesthesia were recorded and evaluated.Safety evaluation took ocular and system adverse events into account.Results:Within 5 minutes after dropping, ''no pain'' occurred in 104 eyes (94.55%) and 29 eyes (26.36%) in the trail group and control group, respectively, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=106.948, P<0.001). And there was a significant difference in anesthesia onset time between the trail group and control group (40.0 seconds vs. 300.0 seconds) ( Z=-15.17, P<0.001). The duration of anesthesia was 860.5 (577.5, 1 180.0) seconds in the trail group and 676.0 (280.0, 1 401.0) seconds in the control group, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups ( Z=0.898, P>0.05). The incidence of adverse events in the trail group and control group were 5.45% (6/110) and 4.55% (5/110), respectively, without statistical significance between them ( P=1.000). Conclusions:The 3.5% lidocaine hydrochloride is a safe, effective, easy to use and high-quality surface anesthesia drug for eye surgery.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of optimizing the anti-epileptic drug (AED) administration nursing procedure for patients with severe epilepsy at the first time after ICU admission.Methods:A quasi-experiment study was conducted by convenience sampling. The 44 patients with severe status epilepticus admitted in our department from January 2016 to December 2017 were selected as the control group .The 44 patients with status epilepticus admitted in our department from January 2018 to December 2019 were selected as the experimental group .The experimental group was implemented the optimized administration procedure after ICU admission. The control group was implemented the routine administration procedure after ICU admission. Some data of the two groups were compared, including baseline data, first administration time after admission, administration step time, AED dose reserve, and seizures at different time periods and so on.Results:Comparative analysis of the time of the first drug administration after admission into the two groups .The administration time of the control group was 31.0 (10.0-69.0) min, which was significantly longer than that of the experimental group, 25.0 (16.0-31.8) min ( χ2 value was -2.760, P<0.05). Comparison and analysis of the time taken for each step of drug administration: The time taken for step 1(Patient admission—medical order confirmation) in the control group was significantly greater than that in the experimental group ( χ2 value was -2.811, P<0.05); step 2 (medical order confirmation—Prepare medicines)in the control group was significantly greater than that in the experimental group ( χ2 value was -4.327, P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the time taken for step 3(Prepare medicines—Drug delivery to complete)between the two groups ( χ2 value was -1.137, P>0.05). Control group AED reserve ratio 63.6% (28/44), experimental group AED reserve was 100.0% (44/44), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 19.556, P<0.05). Epilepsy control in two groups of patients: the total control rate after the first administration of the experimental group was 93.2% (41/44), which was significantly higher than 61.4% (27/44) of the control group ( Z value was -3.445, P<0.001). Conclusion:It can shorten the time to first give AED and improve the patient's clinical symptoms that optimizing the first drug administration procedure for patients with status epilepticus after admission.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 115-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the serological positive results of brucellosis and its clinical manifestations in the key occupational population in Baotou City. METHODS: A total of 9 937 individuals from eight districts who were engaged in livestock breeding, grazing, slaughtering, processing, and selling from 2018 to 2019 in Baotou City were selected as the study subjects by a cluster sampling method. Blood samples were collected and serological tests of brucellosis were performed. The demographic characteristics and clinical manifestations of these subjects were investigated by a questionnaire. RESULTS: The seropositive rate of brucellosis in the study subjects was 2.7%(273/9 937). The average age of the individuals with serological positive reaction of brucellosis was(44±13) years. The seropositive rate of brucellosis was higher in males than females(4.8% vs 1.2%, P<0.05). In the brucellosis seropositive population, the regional distribution was the highest in Damao Qi district and the lowest in Qingshan district; the mainly occupation distribution was farmers, herdsmen and workers in beef and mutton processing plants. The exposure ways were mainly slaughtering animals and delivering lambs. The main clinical manifestations were fatigue(54.2%), followed by fever(48.7%). CONCLUSION: The characteristics of brucellosis serological positive reaction are young age, males, and farmers and herdsmen in key occupational group in Baotou City. The prevention and control of brucellosis should be focused on young male farmers and herdsmen engaged in slaughtering animals and delivering lambs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in 71 normal healthy donors for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#From March 2018 to July 2019, 71 patients received allo-HSCT in The General Hospital of Western Theater Command were enrolled in the study, a single dose of PEG-rhG-CSF was injected subcutaneously at 12 mg to all the stem cell donors. After injection for 4 days, CD34@*RESULTS@#Seventy-one healthy stem cell donors included 39 males and 32 females with a median age of 38 (16-58) years old. The median number of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#For allo-HSCT donor mobilization, PEG-rh-G-CSF is effective, safe, and convenient, providing more options for HSC mobilization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recombinant Proteins , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of CD44@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detected the proportion of CD44@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD44@*CONCLUSION@#HCD44


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Hyaluronan Receptors , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Spleen
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879312

ABSTRACT

A 90-year-old man was diagnosed with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGDLBL) by PET/CT examination, gastroscopy, biopsy and histopathological analysis at a regular physical check in April, 2016. The patient received R-CO chemotherapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, and vincristine) and radiotherapy subsequently, with enteral nutritional treatment through 3-cavity nasogastric tube due to development of pyloric obstruction. To satisfy patient's strong desire of eating by himself, we performed surgery of exploratory laparotomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB) to relieve pylorus obstruction. Postoperatively, the patient resumed oral feeding, supplemented by nasogastric tube feeding at 1350 - 1550 Kcal daily. He is now 94 years old with fairly well nutrition and normal communication. The outcome of 4 year follow-up suggests that nutritional treatment and palliative medicine are important for improving prognosis and life-quality of very elderly patients with end-stage tumors apart from the effective chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879097

ABSTRACT

Based on the target occupancy mathematical model, the binding kinetic process of potential active ingredients of lowering uric acid in Chrysanthemum morifolium with xanthine oxidase(XOD) was evaluated. The potential active ingredients of lowering uric acid in Ch. morifolium were screened by UPLC-Q-Exactivems MS technology, reference substance identification and in vitro enzymatic kinetics experiments. The binding kinetic parameters of xanthine oxidase and potential inhibitor in Ch. morifolium were determined by surface plasma resonance(SPR). The verified mathematical model of the XOD target occupancy evaluated the kinetic binding process of inhibitors and xanthine oxidase in vivo. According to UPLC-Q-Exactive MS and reference substance identification, 39 potential uric acid-lowering active ingredients in Ch. morifolium extracts were identified and the inhibitory activities of 23 compounds were determined. Three potential xanthine oxidase inhibitors were screened, namely genistein, luteolin, and apigenin. whose IC_(50 )were 1.23, 1.47 and 1.59 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. And the binding rate constants(K_(on)) were 1.26×10~6, 5.23×10~5 and 6.36×10~5 mol·L~(-1)·s~(-1), respectively. The dissociation rate constants(K_(off)) were 10.93×10~(-2), 1.59×10~(-2), and 5.3×10~(-2 )s~(-1), respectively. After evaluation by different administration methods, the three selected compounds can perform rapid and sustained inhibition of xanthine oxidase in vivo under combined administration. This study comprehensively evaluated the target occupancy process of three effective components in different ways of administration in vivo by UPLC-MS, concentration-response method, SPR technology and xanthine oxidase target occupancy model, which would provide a new research idea and method for screening active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Flavonoids , Kinetics , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Xanthine Oxidase/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879094

ABSTRACT

This article aims to investigate the ameliorative effect of Linderae Radix ethanol extract on hyperlipidemia rats induced by high-fat diet and to explore its possible mechanism from the perspective of reverse cholesterol transport(RCT). SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, atorvastatin group, Linderae Radix ethanol extract(LREE) of high, medium, low dose groups. Except for the normal group, the other groups were fed with a high-fat diet to establish hyperlipidemia rat models; the normal group and the model group were given pure water, while each administration group was given corresponding drugs by gavage once a day for five weeks. Serum total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-c), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-c), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) levels were measured by automatic blood biochemistry analyzer; the contents of TC, TG, total bile acid(TBA) in liver and TC and TBA in feces of rats were detected by enzyme colorimetry. HE staining was used to observe the liver tissue lesions; immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ATP-binding cassette G8(ABCG8) in small intestine; Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/aerfa(PPARγ/α), liver X receptor-α(LXRα), ATP-binding cassette A1(ABCA1) pathway protein and scavenger receptor class B type Ⅰ(SR-BⅠ) in liver. The results showed that LREE could effectively reduce serum and liver TC, TG levels, serum LDL-c levels and AST activity, and increase HDL-c levels, but did not significant improve ALT activity and liver index; HE staining results showed that LREE could reduce liver lipid deposition and inflammatory cell infiltration. In addition, LREE also increased the contents of fecal TC and TBA, and up-regulated the protein expressions of ABCG8 in small intestine and PPARγ/α, SR-BⅠ, LXRα, and ABCA1 in liver. LREE served as a positive role on hyperlipidemia model rats induced by high-fat diet, which might be related to the regulation of RCT, the promotion of the conversion of cholesterol to the liver and bile acids, and the intestinal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids. RCT regulation might be a potential mechanism of LREE against hyperlipidemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Transport , Cholesterol/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878725

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of dual-layer detector energy spectral CT in resting myocardial perfusion imaging for patients with normal coronary artery. Methods One hundred and fifty-six patients with suspected coronary heart disease underwent dual-layer detector energy spectral CT coronary angiography,and resting myocardial perfusion imaging was performed for 28 patients with normal coronary artery.According to American Heart Association's 17-segmentmodel,the iodine density and effective atomic number(Z


Subject(s)
Computed Tomography Angiography , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1326-1330, 2021.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877322

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for rebleeding within 5 years and the influencing factors for 5-year survival in patients with liver cirrhosis and severe esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for 129 patients with liver cirrhosis who attended Tianjin Third Central Hospital from May 2012 to May 2014 due to severe EVB for the first time, with a follow-up time of 5 years. Related clinical data were analyzed, including age, sex, cause of liver cirrhosis, presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding, liver stiffness measurement (LSM), splenic stiffness measurement (SSM), portal vein diameter, biochemical parameters, rebleeding time, and prognosis. Esophagogastric variceal rebleeding was defined as the primary endpoint and death was defined as the secondary endpoint. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for rebleeding, and a Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the predictive indicators for 5-year survival in EVB patients; the Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the cumulative non-rebleeding rate. ResultsAmong the 129 patients, 87(67.4%) experienced rebleeding during follow-up. There were significant differences between the rebleeding group and the non-rebleeding group in the proportion of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (χ2=4.896, P=0.027), portal vein diameter (t=2.203, P=0.030), LSM(Z=-2.771, P=0.006), and SSM(t=2.678, P=0.010). The patients with alcoholic cirrhosis had a significantly higher mean number of times of bleeding than those with non-alcoholic cirrhosis (all P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that alcoholic cirrhosis (odds ratio [OR]=5.687, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.230-26.129, P=0.025), LSM(OR=1.039, 95% CI: 1.010-1.070, P=0007), and SSM(OR=1.078, 95% CI: 1.028-1.129, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for rebleeding within 5 years after treatment in EVB patients. Among the 129 patients, 45 (34.9%) died. The univariate Cox regression analysis showed that there were significant differences between the death group and the survival group in age, times of bleeding, mean arterial pressure, portal vein diameter, aspartate aminotransferase, lymphocyte percentage, and presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding (all P<005). Further multivariate analysis showed that 5-year survival rate was associated with portal vein diameter (OR=1.459, 95% CI: 1056-2.014, P=0.022), age (OR=1.053, 95% CI: 1.006-1.103, P=0.026), times of bleeding (OR=1.286, 95% CI: 1.040-1.591, P=0.020), and presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding (OR=5.239, 95% CI: 1.750-15.641, P=0.003). ConclusionAlcoholic cirrhosis, LSM, and SSM are independent risk factors for rebleeding within 5 years in EVB patients, and age, times of bleeding, portal vein diameter, and presence or absence of infection at the first time of bleeding are associated with 5-year survival.

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