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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927959

ABSTRACT

Previously, Carthami Flos and Lepidii Semen(CF-LS) drug pair has been proved effective in inhibiting myocardial fibrosis(MF) by blunting the activity of cardiac fibroblasts. The present study explored the underlying mechanism of CF-LS in inhibiting MF by improving the cardiac microenvironment based on network pharmacology combined with experimental verification. Active compounds and potential targets of CF-LS were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the potential targets of MF were obtained from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), and Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base(PharmGKB). The "active component-target-MF" network was constructed and analyzed by Cytoscape 3.8.1. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING. The Gene Ontology(GO) biological process enrichment analysis was performed by CluoGO plug-in. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analysis was performed by R 4.0.2 and Funrich. Subsequently, the inhibitory effect of CF-LS on MF was investigated based on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced MF rats. RT-PCR and ELISA were used to verify the effect of CF-LS on the targets of signaling pathways related to vascular endothelial cells predicted by the network pharmacology. Thirty-one active components and 204 potential targets of CF-LS, 4 671 MF-related targets, and 174 common targets were obtained. The network analysis showed that the key targets of CF-LS against MF included RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), transcription factor AP-1(JUN), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1), cellular tumor antigen p53(TP53), transcription factor p65(RELA), and mitogen-activated protein kinase 8(MAPK8). Biological processes mainly involved regulation of blood vessel diameter, regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration, cell death in response to oxidative stress, etc. Advanced glycation end products(AGE)-receptor for advanced glycation end products(RAGE) signaling pathway, phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3 K)-serine/threonine protein kinase(AKT) signaling pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor-1(HIF-1) signaling pathway, integrin signaling pathway, transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β) signaling pathway, etc. were involved in signaling pathway enrichment. Literature retrieval confirmed that some of these signaling pathways were closely related to vascular endothelial cells, including AGE-RAGE, PI3 K-AKT, HIF-1α, p53, the transcription factor activator protein-1(AP-1), integrin, p38 MAPK, and TGF-β. Animal experiments showed that CF-LS inhibited MF induced by Ang Ⅱ in rats by suppressing the expression of RAGE, HIF-1α, integrin β6, and TGF-β1. The inhibitory effect of CF-LS on MF has the characteristics of multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. CF-LS can inhibit MF by regulating the activity of vascular endothelial cells in the cardiac microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animal Experimentation , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Fibrosis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Rats , Semen
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927401

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor MA Hui-fang's experience in age-related macular degeneration treated with acupuncture at Jingming (BL 1). It is believed that the basic pathogenesis of this disease refers to liver and kidney insufficiency and weakness of spleen qi. Based on the academic ideas of yang qi and meridian-collateral system, the treatment principle is proposed as "invigorating yang qi, replenishing the liver and kidney and nourishing the spleen and stomach". Regarding acupoint selection, Jingming (BL 1) is specially used, combined with the 4 front-mu points (Zhongwan [CV 12], Guanyuan [CV 4] and bilateral Tianshu [ST 25]), as well as the empirical points for eye diseases (Jingming [BL 1], Baihui [GV 20] and Zulinqi [GB 41]). Concerning to needling technique, shuci (transport needling), fenci (intermuscular needling) and yuandaoci (distal needling) are dominated. Eventually, a set of unique therapeutic method has been accumulated through professor MA Hui-fang's clinical practice in treatment of age-related macular degeneration.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Macular Degeneration/therapy , Meridians
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1434-1438, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887083

ABSTRACT

Seven compounds were isolated from the alcohol extract of Edgeworthia gardneri by various technologies, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and high performance liquid chromatography, and were identified as edgeworthiaside A (1), 2,4,6-trichlorol-3-methyl-5-methoxy-phenol 1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-(2-propen-1-yl)phenyl 6-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), eugenol rutinoside (4), tiliroside (5), edgeworoside C (6), and salicylic acid (7). Compound 1 is a new chlorophenyl glycoside and 2-4 were isolated for the first time from Edgeworthia gardneri. The in vitro inhibition of α-glucosidase showed that the inhibition rate of compounds 1 and 2 were similar to acarbose.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) on intestinal flora and Toll-like receptors-4 (TLR4) in brain and intestinal tissue in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU), and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture for SGU.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the gastric mucosal damage index was significantly increased in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) could alleviate SGU in rats, and its mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora, promoting the disorder of intestinal flora to normal, and reducing the overexpression of TLR4 in brain and intestinal tissues.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer/therapy , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on overactive cardiac sympathetic nerves in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Method:Randomly divide the forty male 6-week-old salt-sensitive hypertensive rats into five groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group,and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 2∶1 group, each group has 8 animals, the normal control group was fed with low-salt feed, and the remaining four groups were fed with 8% high-salt feed. After 4 weeks of feeding, gastric feeding was started. Give both the normal control group and model group saline and the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group, the 1∶2 group,and the 2∶1 group, were given Guizhitang aqueous solution at 4.0, 5.5 and 5.5 g·kg-1, respectively. Continuous gavage intervention was held for 4 weeks. IITC multi-channel non-invasive sphygmomanometer was used to detect changes of systolic blood pressure before and after treatment in rats. Left ventricular anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) and interventricular septal diastolic thickness (IVSd) were detected by echocardiography. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial morphological changes of rats in each group, Western blot was used to detect the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein. Result:After 4 weeks of intervention with Guizhitang, compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure, LVAWd and IVSd of the model group were significantly increased, and the expressions of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). HE and Masson staining results showed that the model group had myocardial cell edema, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber hyperplasia and disordered arrangement, and a large amount of collagen deposition could be seen in the intercellular substance. Compared with model group, the systolic blood pressure of rats in each Guizhitang group increased slowly, and the expression of NGF, TH and GAP43 protein decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01),the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group has the best effect. The results of echocardiography shows that the 1∶1 Guishao group could reduce LVAWd and IVSd levels (P<0.05,P<0.01), the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶2 group could reduce IVSd level (P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in LVAWd, there was no statistical difference in LVAWd and IVSd in 2∶1 group. In terms of myocardial morphology, each group of Guizhitang can reduce cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce myocardial fiber hyperplasia and collagen deposition, and improve the disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement. Among them, the 1∶1 group has the best effect. Conclusion:Guizhitang can inhibit the overactive activation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system,reduce the extent of myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy, and protect salt-sensitive hypertension rats, whose mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of heart NGF.Among them, the Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix 1∶1 group is better than the 1∶2 and 2∶1 group in reducing myocardial fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and myocardial hypertrophy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3604-3621, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921451

ABSTRACT

The remediation of heavy-metal (HM) contaminated soil using hyperaccumulators is one of the important solutions to address the inorganic contamination widely occurred worldwide. Hyperaccumulators are able to hyperaccumulate HMs, but their planting, growth, and extraction capacities are greatly affected by HM stress. The application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) enhances the function of hyperaccumulators by combining the functional advantages of both, improving the efficiency of remediation, shortening the remediation cycle, and maintaining the stability and persistence of the remediation. Thus, the combined use of AMF with hyperaccumulators has broad prospects for application in the management of increasingly complex and severe HM pollution. This review starts by defining the concept of hyperaccumulators, followed by describing the typical hyperaccumulators that were firstly reported in China as well as those known to form symbioses with AMF. This review provides a systematic and in-depth discussion of the effects of AMF on the growth of hyperaccumulators, as well as the absorption and accumulation of HMs, the effects and mechanism on the hyperaccumulator plus AMF symbiosis to absorb and accumulate HMs. AMF enhances the function of hyperaccumulators on the absorption and accumulation of HMs by regulating the physicochemical and biological conditions in the plant rhizosphere, the situation of elements homeostasis, the physiological metabolism and gene expression. Moreover, the symbiotic systems established by hyperaccumulators plus AMF have the potential to combine their abilities to remediate HMs-contaminated habitat. Finally, challenges for the combined use of remediation technologies for hyperaccumulator plus AMF symbiosis and future directions were prospected.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Metals, Heavy , Mycorrhizae/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Soil Pollutants , Symbiosis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862692

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To observe the effect of Guizhitang with different proportions of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Paeoniae Alba Radix on the expressions of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>)/Smads signaling pathway and interleukin-10(IL-10), IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>)related inflammatory cytokines in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats, in order to explore the mechanism of Guizhitang in improving myocardial fibrosis in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. <b>Method::Totally 40 male 6-week-old salt-sensitive rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the normal control group, the model group, the 1∶1(RC/peony)Guishao group, the 1∶2 Guishao group, and the 2∶1 Guishao group, with 8 in each group. The normal control group was fed with normal salt diet, while the other four groups were fed with high-salt diet. After 4 weeks of feeding, the rats were given intragastric administration, the normal control group and the model group were given the same amount of normal saline, and the 1∶1 Guishao group, the 1∶2 Guishao group and the 2∶1 Guishao group were given 4.0, 5.5, 5.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> of Guizhitang by gavage for 4 weeks. Blood pressure was measured once a week, left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular short axis shortening fraction (LVFS) were detected by using echocardiogram. The pathological changes of myocardial morphology were observed by htoxylin eosin(HE)and Masson staining. The expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen in myocardial tissue of each group was detected by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR). The protein expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin(<italic>α</italic>-SMA), Smad2, Smad3 and Smad7 in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by Western blot. <b>Result::Compared with the normal control group, the blood pressure was increased in the model group at 8-15 weeks, LVESD, LVEDD were increased in the model group, while LVFS, LVEF were decreased in the model group. The collagen volume fraction was increased, immunohistochemistry showed the expression levels of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen were increased, mRNA expression levels of IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were increased, the protein expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3 and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were increased, whereas the protein expression of Smad7 was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the blood pressure rise of each group of Guizhitang was delayed in 12-15 weeks, LVESD and LVEDD were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), LVFS, LVEF were increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the collagen volume fraction was decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). At the same time, the mRNA expression of IL-10 was increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the mRNA expressions of IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expressions of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3 and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were decreased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expression of Smad7 was increased in Guizhitang group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the 2∶1 Guishao group, the effect of the 1∶1 Guishao group in improving the above indicators was more obvious (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). <b>Conclusion::Guizhitang with different proportions of Ramulus Cinnamomi and Poeny can alleviate the degree of myocardial fibrosis in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>/Smads signaling pathway and the reduction of inflammatory response. Besides, the 1∶1 Guishao group showed the optimal effect in reducing inflammation and improving myocardial fibrosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793318

ABSTRACT

Objective Analyze the correlation of depression between the childhood abuse behavior and adulthood cyberbullying behavior, so as to discuss and provide evidences for preventing the cyberbullying behavior of college students. Methods A total of 4 040 college students were surveyed after multistage stratified cluster random sampling from 6 universities in Shanxi Province of China by using childhood trauma questionnaire, self-rating depression scale and cyberbullying scale. Results In the three dimensions of cyberbullying, cyber-verbal bullying behavior, identity concealing behavior and cyber-forgery fraud behavior, male students and only child students scored higher than that of female students and non-only child students (all P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between childhood abuse, adult depression and cyberbullying (all P<0.001). The mediation effect results showed that depression symptoms of college students were mediating between childhood abuse experience and cyberbullying behavior (the mediation effect result was 0.090, P<0.001), the mediation effect contributed 12.16% to the total effect, the mediation model fitting index were 2/df=39.96,RMSEA=0.101,CFI=0.948,TLI=0.924,SRMR=0.043. Conclusions Childhood abuse experience and adulthood depression are closely related to the implementation of cyberbullying behavior in college, and depression plays part of mediating role in predicting the implementation of cyberbullying behavior in college students who has childhood abuse experience.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Zhongwan" (CV 12) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on intestinal flora in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU) , and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture promoting SGU recovery.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one SPF SD rats were randomly divided into a control group (7 rats), a model control group (8 rats), an acupuncture group (8 rats) and a medication group (8 rats). The rats in the model group, acupuncture group and medication group were selected to applied the improved restraint water-immersion stress method to establish the SGU model. After modeling, the rats in the control group and model group were fixed and restrained for 20 min every day for a total of 5 days; the rats in the acupuncture group were intervented with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Zhongwan" (CV 12) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), once a day, 20 min each time, and twisting needle for 30 s every 5 min for a total of 5 days; the rats in the medication group were gavaged by solution of omeprazole enteric-coated tablet (200 mg/mL), 2 mL for each rat, once a day. Guth method was used to calculate the gastric mucosal damage index (GMDI), HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of gastric mucosa, and 16SrDNA identification was used to detect the structural abundance of intestinal flora.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the GMDI of rats in the model group was increased (<0.01), the gastric mucosal pathological changes were significant, and the intestinal flora richness index Chao1, Observed species and diversity index Shannon were all decreased (<0.05), the diversity index Simpson was increased (<0.05). Compared with the model group, the GMDI of rats in the acupuncture group and medication group was reduced (<0.01, <0.05), the gastric mucosal damage degree was reduced, and the intestinal flora richness index Chao1, Observed species and diversity index Shannon were all increased (<0.05) and the diversity index Simpson decreased (<0.05). Compared with the medication group, the GMDI of rats in the acupuncture group was reduced (<0.01), the recovery of gastric mucosal injury was better than that of the medication group.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can effectively improve gastric mucosal injury of SGU, and the mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora and promoting the correction of the disordered intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer , Microbiology , Therapeutics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812980

ABSTRACT

Lung adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumor that is prone to distant metastasis. Common metastatic sites are brain, adrenal gland, liver, bone, and so on. Skin soft tissue metastasis is unusual, and breast metastasis is even rarer. This case is a middle-aged female patient who had experienced multi-line treatments for upper limbs, abdominal skin, and bilateral breast tissue metastases.The patient's multiple metastases were susceptible to radiation therapy.Reviewing the entire treatment process of this patient can find that the rational use of individualized comprehensive treatment methods and appropriate timing of genetic testing are very important for patients with lung adenocarcinoma to prolong their survival time and improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Middle Aged , Quality of Life
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the results of Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) for clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Methods:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were systematically retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang database and the guideline-related websites until January 11, 2020. Two researchers independently screened guidelines using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE), and extracted and analyzed the results. Results:A total of 83 clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were included, in which 46 (55.4%) applied grading systems. Only four (4.8%) guidelines applied GRADE, including 44 recommendations, in which 39 guidelines (88.6%) had quality of evidence. Among the evidences citied in the recommendations, low quality evidences were the most (34.1%); among the recommendations, weak recommendations were more (56.8%). The quality of strong recommendation supporting evidence was higher than that of weak recommendation (χ2 = 8.218,P < 0.05). Conclusion:The application of the GRADE grading system in clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation remains to be improved. It is proposed for guideline makers to further implement the methodology of guidelines and GRADE to improve the reliability and applicability of the clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation more effectively.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903924

ABSTRACT

Chronic joint pain due to loss of cartilage function, degradation of subchondral bone, and related conditions are common plights of an arthritis patient.Antioxidant compounds could solve the problems in arthritic condition. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-arthritic activity of D-carvone against complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in rats. D-carvone was orally administered for 25 days at the doses of 30 and 60 mg/kg against CFA-induced arthritic rats. Changes in body weight, paw swelling, organ index, hematological parameters, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory cytokines, and histopathology were recorded.Oral treatment of D-carvone significantly improved the body weight, reduced the paw swelling, edema formation, and organ index in arthritic rats. The levels of white blood cells were reduced, red blood cells and hemoglobin levels were improved in D-carvone treated arthritic rats. Lipid peroxidation levels were lowered whereas enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were significantly elevated by D-carvone administration against arthritic rats. D-carvone significantly modulated inflammatory cytokine levels and improved the ankle joint pathology against CFA-induced arthritic inflammation. In conclusion, D-carvone proved significant anti-arthritic activity against CFA-induced arthritis in rats.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896220

ABSTRACT

Chronic joint pain due to loss of cartilage function, degradation of subchondral bone, and related conditions are common plights of an arthritis patient.Antioxidant compounds could solve the problems in arthritic condition. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-arthritic activity of D-carvone against complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in rats. D-carvone was orally administered for 25 days at the doses of 30 and 60 mg/kg against CFA-induced arthritic rats. Changes in body weight, paw swelling, organ index, hematological parameters, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory cytokines, and histopathology were recorded.Oral treatment of D-carvone significantly improved the body weight, reduced the paw swelling, edema formation, and organ index in arthritic rats. The levels of white blood cells were reduced, red blood cells and hemoglobin levels were improved in D-carvone treated arthritic rats. Lipid peroxidation levels were lowered whereas enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were significantly elevated by D-carvone administration against arthritic rats. D-carvone significantly modulated inflammatory cytokine levels and improved the ankle joint pathology against CFA-induced arthritic inflammation. In conclusion, D-carvone proved significant anti-arthritic activity against CFA-induced arthritis in rats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the adults smoking status of Hui and Han in Ningxia. Methods Among 6 monitoring sites in Ningxia from 2013 to 2014, multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used, information about risk factors of chronic diseases by were collected questionnaire investigation, a total of 3 527 subjects were effective sample for smoking analysis among 3 540 adults aged 18 and over. After the complex weighting, the smoking status of different nationalities, sexes and age was analyzed. Results The current smoking rate was 29.42% (95% CI:27.91%-30.92%), the current smoking rate of male(56.73%, 95% CI:54.25%-59.20%) was higher than female (0.92%, 95% CI:0.50%-1.34%) (P<0.001); The current smoking rate of Han (32.04%, 95% CI:30.24%-33.85%) was higher than Hui (23.09%, 95% CI:20.41%-25.76%). The daily smoking rate of Han (27.98%, 95% CI: 26.25%-29.72%) was higher than that of Hui nationality (19.83%, 95% CI:17.30%-22.36%) (P=0.001), and that of male (49.41%, 95% CI: 46.92%-51.91%) was higher than that of female (0.73%, 95% CI: 0.36%-1.11%) (P<0.001). The average daily smoking of male (20) was higher than that of female (8) (Z=-4.448, P<0.001). Smokers quit smoking rate was 12.54% (95% CI:10.50%-14.57%). Adult secondhand smoke exposure rate was 54.44% (95% CI:52.53%-56.36%). Conclusions The smoking rate of adult residents is high in Ningxia province, but the quit smoking rate is low, male smoking rate is higher than female, Han smoking rates higher than the Hui. The sample population was highly exposed to secondhand smoke. Tobacco control interventions should be taken against high-risk groups.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744244

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effects of neuraminidase 3 (NEU3) on the viability, invasion and apoptosis of human prostate cancer DU145 cells and the molecular mechanism.METHODS:The human prostate cancer DU145 cells were divided into blank control group and treatment group.The cells in treatment group were treated with either neuraminidase inhibitor DANA, or NEU3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) to knock down the expression of NEU3.The cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay.The cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell assay.The effects of the treatments on the mRNA level of Bcl-2 were detected by q PCR.The effects of the treatments on the protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and apoptotic inhibitory protein Bcl-2 were determined by Western blot.Apoptosis of the cells was analyzed by flow cytometry.RESULTS:The protein level of NEU3 and the apoptotic rate in DANA group were not significantly different from those in blank control group.The viability of DANA-treated DU145 cells was increased, and the invasion ability, MMP2 protein level, and Bcl-2 mRNA and protein levels were all decreased in these cells, compared with blank control group.On the other hand, the levels of NEU3 protein and Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in NEU3 siRNA group were significantly decreased compared with blank control group, while the viability and apoptotic rate of the cells with NEU3 siRNA transfection were increased (P<0.05).However, the protein expression of MMP2 and the invasion ability of the cells were not significantly changed after NEU3 siRNA treatment.CONCLUSION:The inhibition of NEU3 in enzyme activity and expression decreases the viability, and enhances the apoptosis of human prostate cancer DU145 cells.However, it has no obvious effect on the invasion ability of DU145 cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746090

ABSTRACT

Embryo is regarded as a semi-allograft for carrying paternal genetic information. It can escape the attack from maternal immune system and successfully implant into the uterus, which mainly relies on the establishment of immune tolerance at the maternal-fetal interface. The maternal-fetal interface is the basis for the connection and material exchange between the mother and fetus. The mechanisms of immune re-sponses at this interface are the key to the maintenance of normal pregnancy. Immunomodulatory molecules expressed at the maternal-fetal interface are vital for immune tolerance. Studies have shown that sialicacid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (Siglecs) are abundantly expressed at the maternal-fetal interface and play an important role in immune regulation. Siglecs are important members of the typeⅠimmunoglobulin-like superfamily. By binding with the sialic acid residues on the side chains of glycoproteins or glycolipids, Siglecs involve in immune regulation, the activation and proliferation of immune cells and immune cell-medi-ated physiological and pathological processes. Present research on the expression of Siglecs in the maternal-fetal interface is mainly focused on Siglec-6 and Siglec-10, while other Siglecs are less studied. Siglecs, such as Siglec-6 and Siglec-10, might involve in the regulation of immune tolerance at the maternal-fetal in-terface through binding to different ligands. This article briefly reviewed the expression of Siglecs and their ligands at the maternal-fetal interface and their roles in immune tolerance.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700629

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the establishment of WeChat teaching platform and evaluate the effect of micro-lectures in obstetrics and gynecology teaching. Methods A total of 116 trainees (experi-mental group) of 2014 grade and 113 trainees of 2013 grade (control group) were enrolled in the study. The Students' ability of self-learning and collaborative innovation were measured with LASSI and CUCEI scales, and their academic performance was evaluated with using t test. Results The comparison of the four know-ledge modules showed that the differences in the results of the two knowledge modules, the ectopic pregnancy (P=0.00) and uterine fibroids (P=0.01) between the experimental group and the control group were signifi-cant. Besides, the comparison of students' literacy suggested that the differences in time management (P=0.01), selection of main points (P=0.04), innovation (P=0.00) and collaboration capability (P=0.03) between the experimental group and the control group were obviously significant. Conclusions Micro-lectures-assisted teaching can effectively improve students' academic performance, which has important practical value for improving students' self-learning ability, innovation and collaboration.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 894-898, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687012

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Memory complaint is common in the elderly. Recently, it was shown that self-report memory complaint was predictive of cognitive decline. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the source of memory complaints on the risk of cognitive impairment and cognitive decline in a community-based cohort.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Data on memory complaints and cognitive function were collected among 1840 Chinese participants (aged ≥55 years old) in an urban community at baseline interview and 5-year follow-up. Incident cognitive impairment was identified based on education-adjusted Mini-Mental State Examination score. Logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the source of memory complaints and risk of cognitive impairment conversion and cognitive decline, after adjusting for covariates.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 1840 participants were included into this study including 1713 normal participants and 127 cognitive impairment participants in 2009. Among 1713 normal participants in 2009, 130 participants were converted to cognitive impairment after 5 years of follow-up. In 2014, 606 participants were identified as cognitive decline. Both self- and informant-reported memory complaints were associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 1.60, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-2.48) and cognitive decline (OR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.01-1.68). Furthermore, this association was more significant in males (OR = 2.10, 95% CI: 1.04-4.24 for cognitive impairment and OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.20-2.99 for cognitive decline) and in higher education level (OR = 1.79, 95% CI: 1.02-3.15 for cognitive impairment and OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.02-1.91 for cognitive decline).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Both self- and informant-reported memory complaints were associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment conversion and cognitive decline, especially in persons with male gender and high educational background.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cognition , Physiology , Cognitive Dysfunction , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Memory , Physiology , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests , Odds Ratio
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711417

ABSTRACT

Tumor neoantigens generated from somatic mutations can be presented by major histo-compability complex (MHC) molecules and elicit specific immune response against cancer. Therapeutic vac-cines and specific T cells targeting tumor neoantigens will realize the potential of precision immunotherapy in cancer treatment. Along with the development of methods for predicting neoantigens, individualized cancer immunotherapy strategies will be widely adopted. In the present review, we discuss the current state of the prediction approaches and clinical applications of neoantigens, as well as the challenges that remain to be ad-dressed in order to improve immunotherapy targeting neoantigens.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710251

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish the quality standard for Pogonostemon auricularius (L.) Hassk..METHODS The original,characteristic and microscopic features of P.auricularius were identified,after which TLC was used for qualitative identification,HPLC was adopted in the content determination of verbascoside,and the contents of water,total ash,acid-insoluble ash,extract were determined by Chinese Pharmacopoeia methods.RESULTS The clear TLC plots displayed good reproducibility.Verbascoside showed a good linear relationship within the range of 0.102-2.04 μg (r =0.999 98),whose average recovery was 97.99% with the RSD of 2.02%.In four-teen batches of samples,the content ranges of water,total ash,acid-insoluble ash,extract were 6.47%-12.07%,7.59%-12.35%,0.23%-3.55%,13.28%-26.82%,respectively.CONCLUSION This stable and reliable method can be used for the quality control of P.auricularius

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