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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 311-317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the predictive value of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods:All studies about the predictive effect of NLR on AKI were searched in the National Medical Library of the United States PubMed Database, the Embase database in the Netherlands, the Chinese Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and the Chinese Evidence Based Medicine Cochrane Centre Database (CEBM/CCD). The data updated by October 2020, and regardless of language, region or whether blind method was used. Two authors independently extracted data and evaluated the quality of the studies. Data extracted from the studies were analyzed with RevMan 5.3 to assess the predictive value of NLR on AKI. A subgroup Meta-analysis was conducted to assess the predictive value of NLR on AKI according to different countries, different disease types (cardiovascular surgery, infectious diseases, other diseases including burns, cirrhosis, and emergency), and different sample sizes (≤ 300 cases and > 300 cases). The publication bias of included studies about the predictive effect of NLR on AKI were assessed by funnel plots.Results:A total of 11 studies were included in this Meta-analysis, including 4 997 patients, 1 308 patients in AKI group, and 3 689 patients in non-AKI group. The Meta-analysis results showed that: increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI [mean difference ( MD) = 2.73, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.78-3.68, P < 0.000 01]. Subgroup analysis showed that increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in patients from Southeast Asia ( MD = 4.04, 95% CI was 1.09-6.99, P = 0.007) and Eurasia ( MD = 2.51, 95% CI was 1.12-3.90, P = 0.000 4). Increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery ( MD = 0.77, 95% CI was 0.34-1.20, P = 0.000 4), infectious diseases ( MD = 4.74, 95% CI was 1.51-7.96, P = 0.004) and other diseases ( MD = 8.53, 95% CI was 6.26-10.80, P<0.000 01). Increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in studies with a sample size of ≤ 300 cases ( MD = 6.02, 95% CI was 4.90-7.14, P <0.000 01) and > 300 cases ( MD = 1.32, 95% CI was 0.61-2.03, P = 0.000 3). There was no significant publication bias in the included studies assessed by funnel plots. Conclusion:NLR is an important predictive tool for AKI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between coagulation indexes and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in Gansu Provincial Hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled. Plasma thromboplastin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), platelet (PLT), and other laboratory indexes were detected. The relationship between coagulation indexes and clinical characteristics of MM patients was analyzed. The differences in survival rates among MM patients with different levels of coagulation indexes were compared, and the effect of each clinical index on the prognosis of MM patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate.@*RESULTS@#Each coagulation index was correlated to sex, disease classification and stage, and β@*CONCLUSION@#Coagulation function is correlated with multiple clinical indicators of patients with MM and plays an important role in their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Tests , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Prothrombin Time
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels to the prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and to explore related factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical pathological data of 180 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from March 2013 to February 2015 were collected, and the patients were divided into high and low Hcy groups based on the median Hcy. The survival curves of the patients in the two groups were drawn to compare the differences of the survival; univariate and multivariate survival analysis was used to observe the influence of serum cysteine to the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients; the clinicopathological data of the patients with high and low Hcy in the two groups was compared, Pearson test was used to further analyzes the relationship between Hcy and different factors, and explores the related factors of Hcy affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*RESULTS@#The median survival times of patients in the high and low Hcy groups were 32 (5-59) and 41 (7-71) months, respectively. The 3-year survival rate of the patients in high Hcy group was significantly lower than those in low Hcy group, and the difference shows statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of univariate survival analysis showed that the OS of newly diagnosed MM patients whom with advanced age, high bone disease grade, high-level bone marrow plasma cell count, LDH, C-reactive protein, Cr, β@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Hcy level has a correlation trend with the survival of newly diagnosed MM, which is affected by factors such as Hb.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Homocysteine , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Risk Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors, distribution of pathogenic strains and tolerance of pulmonary infection in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) during bortezomib chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with multiple myeloma treated by bortezomib in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 was analyzed. The patients were divided into infection group and control group according to whether they were infected. The tolerance, pathogen distribution, and related risk factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pulmonary infection rate was 55.29% in 85 MM patients. The proportions of the patients with anemia, neutropenia, and ECOG score ≥2 points in the infection group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In this study, 30 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected, with gram-negative bacteria accounting for 60%, gram-positive bacteria for 33.33%, fungi for 3.3% and tuberculosis bacteria for 3.3%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, klebsiella pneumoniae, streptococcus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus accounted showed the highest proportion. Most of MM patients with pulmonary infection showed a heterprognosis after two weeks antibiotic treatment, while 3 patients died. About 30 percent of early deaths were due to pulmonary infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Anemia, neutropenia, ECOG score ≥2 points are the major clinical characteristics of the multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary infections. Pulmonary infection is an important cause of early death in patients with multiple myeloma. Pathogenic bacteria are mainly composed of gram-negative bacteria. Beta-lacta/ beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations or Carbapenems are effective empiric treatment for controlling the progression of pulmonary infection.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) in the valuation prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients with initially diagnosed MM admitted to Gansu Provincial People's Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. NLR and MLR were calculated based on blood routine results respectively. The optimal cut-off point of NLR and MLR was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group. The general data, biochemical indicators and prognosis of the patients in each groups were compared respectively. The prognostic significance of the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group in patients between different treatment regimens and different clinical characteristics were analyzed. Risk stratification was designed based on NLR and high MLR as two risk factors, and the effect of risk factors, on the prognosis of MM patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve analysis determined that the optimal cut-off point of NLR was 3.1 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 70.7%) and the optimal cut-off point of MLR was 0.34 (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 53.4%). The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were correlated to NLR and MLR (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in age, sex, serum calcium (Ca), β @*CONCLUSION@#Elevated NLR and MLR are associated with poor prognosis in MM patients and may serve as the cost-effective and readily available prognostic biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879157

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 38 active components in Abelmoschi Corolla, including flavonoids, organic acids, nucleosides and amino acids, so as to investigate the effects of different harvesting and processing methods on multi-active components in Abelmoschi Corolla. The chromatographic separation was performed on a XBridg®C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) with(0.1% formic acid water) methanol-acetonitrile(1∶1) as the mobile phase for gradient elution at 30 ℃. The flow rate was 0.5 mL·min~(-1). The components were detected in a multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The gray relational analysis(GRA) was used to comprehensively evaluate the multiple active components of Abelmoschi Corolla at different harvesting times and drying temperatures. The results showed that 38 components had a good linearity with correlation coefficients all above 0.999 0. The method featured a good precision, repeatability and stability with the relative stan-dard deviations(RSDs) of less than 5.0%. Recoveries ranged from 98.06% to 104.4% with RSD between 0.22% and 4.9%. The results of GRA indicated that a better quality in the samples collected on September 9 th. Samples dried at 90 ℃ had a better quality. The established method is accurate and reliable, and can be used to assess the internal quality of Abelmoschi Corolla. This study can provide basic materials for determining appropriate harvesting time and processing method of Abelmoschi Corolla.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Nucleosides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907593

ABSTRACT

An effective, reliable and practical staging is of great help to the diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors. Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor using clinical stage in gynecological tumors, but staging lacks objectivity in judging the tumor size, para-uterine invasion, vaginal margin, vascular invasion and so on. By October 2018, the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) had revised the 2009 FIGO cervical cancer staging that had been used before.However, the changed points of the 2018 FIGO cervical cancer staging are controversial.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904630

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in Yunnan province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the soil-borne nematodiasis control strategy in the province. Methods In 2015, a total of 20 survey sites were sampled in 10 counties (cities) of Yunnan Province using the stratified cluster random sampling method. Stool samples were collected from all local permanent residents at ages of one year and older in each survey site, and the soil-borne nematode eggs were identified using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the egg number was counted. In addition, the hookworm species was identified using the filter-paperculture method, and Enterobius vermicularis eggs were detected using the cellophane tape method in children at ages of 3 to 6 years. Results A total of 5 067 residents received stool examinations, and 950 residents were detected with soil-borne nematode infections, with an overall prevalence rate of 18.75%. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichura and hookworm was 7.52%, 8.47% and 9.02%, respectively. Among 446 children detected using the cellophane tape method, 5 children were detected with E. vermicularis infections. Among the 160 residents with hookworm infections, there were 139 residents with Necator americanus infections (86.88%), 16 with A. duodenale infections (10.00%) and 5 with mixed infections (3.12%). Mild A. lumbricoides (67.98%, 259/381), T. trichura (88.58%, 380/429) and hookworm infections (94.53%, 432/457) were predominant. Among the four ecological zones, the highest prevalence of human soilborne nematode infections was found in the East Tibet-South Sichuan Ecological Zone (31.79%), and among the 10 survey counties (cities), the greatest prevalence was seen in Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County (50.13%), while the lowest prevalence was found in Ninglang Yi Autonomous County (0.40%). The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections was 5.67% (43/759), 26.67% (610/2 287) and 14.70% (297/2 021) in high-, moderate- and low-economic-level regions, respectively. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in terms of ecological regions, survey counties (cities) or economic development levels (χ2 = 342.20, 814.60 and 201.34, all P < 0.05). There was no significantdifference in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections between male (18.21%, 441/2 422) and female residents (19.24%, 509/2 645) (χ2 = 0.89, P > 0.05), and soil-borne nematode infections were detected in residents at all age groups, with the greatest prevalence found in residents at ages of 1 to 9 years (25.88%). In addition, the highest prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections was seen in residents with the Dulong Ethnic Minority (82.09%), in preschool children (25.06%) and in illiterate residents (24.80%), and there was no age-, ethnicity-, occupation- or education level-specific prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections detected (χ2 = 46.50, 1 016.96, 36.33 and 52.43, all P < 0.05). Conclusions The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections remains high in Yunnan Province. The management of soil-borne nematodiasis requires to be reinforced among low-age children, farmers, old people and residents with low educations levels or ethnic groups.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1517-1521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922288

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 patients with primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were collected, the clinical data and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 15 patients was 59 (19-89) years old; among the patients, 7 were males and 8 were females, ostealgia was the initial symptom. The pathological types of the 15 patients were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 5 cases of Has type GCB subtype (5/15), and 10 cases of Non-GCB subtype (10/15). After 15 patients were diagnosed, 11 patients (11/15) received chemotherapy, 3 patients (3/15) received surgery, and 1 patient was untreated (1/15), median chemotherapy courses was 5 (1-9). 8 patients have achieved complete remission (8/15), 3 patients achieved partial remission (3/15), and 1 patient achieved stable disease (1/15), 1 patient was lost to follow-up (1/15), 1 patient was untreated (1/15), and 1 patient was progression of disease (1/15). Age, pathological subtype, sex, stage, β2-MG level, LDH level, and the using of rituximab were not correlated with the complete remission rate of the patients(P>0.05), while the IPI score was correlated with the recent complete remission rate (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 19 (1-38) months, 10 patients survived, in which 6 cases were still in complete remission, and the median time to progression-free survival was 15 (1-38) months.@*CONCLUSION@#The first symptom of primary bone diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is bone pain, the main pathological subtype is Non-GCB, the optimal treatment is combined chemotherapy, and the IPI score is related to the prognosis of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab
10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 601-608, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) progression on outcomes in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.Methods:Patients who were on MHD between Jun. 2014 and Oct. 2014 in the dialysis center of the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University and finished the AAC examination at baseline and two years later were included prospectively. The progression of AAC by AAC score (AACs) at baseline and two years later was evaluated. According to the change of AACs, the patients were divided into rapid AAC progression group and non-rapid AAC progression group. The effect of AAC progression on outcomes in MHD patients in the follow-up period was investigated. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare their survival rates. Multivariable Cox regression model was used to determine the risk factors of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events.Results:A total of 111 MHD patients were included, including 51 males and 60 females, aged (52.24±12.69) years. Baseline AAC prevalence was 45.9% (51/111), and median AACs was 0 (0, 5); After 2 years, the prevalence of AAC was 78.4% (87/111), and the median AACs was 6 (2, 11). There were 54 cases in the AAC rapid progression group (AACs change value>2) and 57 cases in the non-rapid AAC progression group (AACs change value≤2). The median follow-up duration was 27.9(27.1, 28.0) months. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients in rapid AAC progression group had a higher risk of mortality as compared to patients in non-rapid AAC progression group (Log-rank χ2=5.695, P=0.017). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that high baseline AACs ( HR=1.135, 95% CI 1.001-1.286, P=0.048), hypoalbuminemia ( HR=0.789, 95% CI 0.640-0.972, P=0.026) were independent risk factors for all-cause mortality in MHD patients. High baseline AACs ( HR=1.187, 95% CI 1.038-1.356, P=0.012), low spKt/V ( HR=0.103, 95% CI 0.013-0.801, P=0.030) were independent risk factors for cardiovascular mortality in MHD patients. Low spKt/V ( HR=0.018, 95% CI 0.003-0.115, P<0.001), hypoalbuminemia ( HR=0.736, 95% CI 0.608-0.890, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for cardiovascular events in MHD patients. Conclusions:Abdominal aortic calcification progression may increase the risk of cardiovascular events and death in MHD patients. Severity of AAC, adequacy of dialysis, and nutritional status are predictors of outcomes in MHD patients.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1669-1675, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827559

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Certain hemophilia patients are unable to cooperate with or afford magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. The purpose of our study was to explore the value of multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) in evaluating hemophilic arthropathy (HA).@*METHODS@#Thirty-eight patients with 73 joints of HA were consecutively selected from January 2016 to May 2018 for this prospective study. All 73 joints were examined by X-ray, CT, and MRI within 2 days. The MRI scores of the joints were determined by the International Prophylaxis Study Group (IPSG) standard. The CT findings were quantified according to the IPSG standard, except for cartilage injury, which was quantified by joint space narrowing using the X-ray Pettersson score. The CT and MRI scores were compared by the paired Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The correlations between the CT score of joint space narrowing and MRI score of cartilage injury and the total CT and MRI scores were analyzed by Spearman rank correlation. The kappa test was used to compare the consistency of CT and MRI scores.@*RESULTS@#MRI was superior to CT based on the scores for small amount of effusion (P  0.05), and there was a high degree of consistency between the two scores (kappa > 0.81). The consistency between the Pettersson scores of joint space narrowing on CT and the IPSG scores of cartilage injury on MRI was high (kappa = 0. 774, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The image scores of MSCT are generally consistent with MRI except for mild synovitis, which can be used as an alternative for the evaluation of HA.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1261-1266, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of body mass index (BMI), ABO blood group with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#70 MM patients (MM group) and 10 healthy people (control group) were selected in the same period, the BMI of patients was calculated according to the height and weight, and the differences of BMI in 2 groups was compared. The distribution of age, sex, albumin (Alb), serum creatinine (Cr), hemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell (RBC) in the two groups were analyzed. Differences in red blood cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), disease stage and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, survival rate of MM patients with different BMI values and blood group were compared between two groups, and the differences in follow-up outcomes of MM patients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#BMI level of MM patients was higher than that of control group (t=2.706, P<0.01), but the difference of blood group was not significant (P>0.05); The NLR value in obese patients was higher than that in non-obese patients, the staging was later and the Alb level was lower in obese patients than those in non-obese patients. the differences were statistically significant between obese patients and non-obese patients (P<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that BMI, Alb and LDH level could influence the follow-up outcome of MM patients, the patients with elevated BMI and LDH level had worse prognosis, while patients with elevated Alb had better prognosis. which means that all the three factors are independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patrents.@*CONCLUSION@#Increased BMI in MM patients can affect the outcome of follow-up, which is an independent influencing factor.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Body Mass Index , Humans , Lymphocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1972-1976, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore and analyze the risk factors of herpes zoster in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) during the chemotherapy with bortezomib.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 85 MM patients treated with bontizomib from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected and divided into case group and control group accroding to the occurred of herpes zoster. The clinical characteristic, treatment outcome and related factor of herpes zoster were retrospective analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty of the 85 patients with MM treated with bortezomib developed herpes zoster occurred (23.5%). Single-factor analysis showed that age≥65 years, lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, neutropenia occurred before treatment, ECOG score≥2, application of cyclophosphamide, absence of preventive antiviral therapy were associated with the genesis of herpes zoster (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide and the absence of preventive antiviral therapy were the independent risk factors for herpes zoster (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of herpes zoster is high in the multiple myeloma patients treated with bortezomib. Lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide, and the absence of prophylactic antiviral therapy are the important risk factors for herpes zoster, for which the clinicians should attach great importance.


Subject(s)
Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Patients , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanism of sorafenib resistance in hepatoma cells and identify for new targets to reverse drug resistance.@*METHODS@#THP-1 cells were induced into M2 tumor-associated macrophages (M2-TAMs) in vitro and identified by immunofluorescence. SMMC-7721 cells were co-cultured with M2-TAMs with or without sorafenib treatment. CCK-8 assay was used to observe the inhibitory effect of sorafenib on the cell proliferation. Annexin V/PI double staining and protein immunoblotting were used to assess the effect of sorafenib on the proliferation, apoptosis and the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins and autophagy-related protein in SMMC-7721 cells co-cultured with M2-TAMs in the presence or absence of the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ).@*RESULTS@#The IC of sorafenib at 48 h was 2.25 μmol/L in SMMC-7721 cells cultured alone, and increased to 4.72 μmol/L in the cells co-cultured with M2-TAMs. Compared with the cells cultured alone, the co-cultured SMMC-7721 cells showed significantly reduced apoptosis rate in response to sorafenib ( < 0.01) and significantly increased expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio ( < 0.05) with also increased LC3-II/LC3-I ratio ( < 0.001) and lowered expression of p62 ( < 0.05), suggesting a significantly enhanced level of autophagy. CQ treatment significantly inhibited the proliferation of the co-cultured SMMC-7721 cells ( < 0.05), increased the cell apoptosis ( < 0.05) and reduced the Bcl-2/Bax ratio ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#M2-TAMs can attenuate the inhibitory effect of sorafenib on the proliferation of hepatoma cells by increasing the level of autophagy, suggesting a new strategy for reversing sorafenib resistance induced by the tumor microenvironment by inhibiting autophagy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Macrophages , Sorafenib
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the evaluation of prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#NLR was calculated on the basis of the blood routine examination results of 65 patients with primary MM (MM group) and 83 persons receiving physical examination as control group, and the difference in 2 group was compared; moreover according to the median as threshold, the patients were divided into low NLR group (NLR<2.34) and high NLR group (NLR≥2.34); the differences of age, sex, serum calcium β (Ca), microglobulin (β-MG), albumin (Alb), serum creatinine (Cr), hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in 2 group were analyzed, and the survival rate was compared between the high and low-NLR group.@*RESULTS@#the NLR of MM patients was statistically significantly higher than that of the control group (z=-2.415, P<0.05). Compared with the low NLR group, the β-MG and Cr levels of patients in the high NLR group seemed higher, but the difference was not statistically significant. The single-factor analysis showed that NLR, β-MG and Alb levels were risk factors for the prognosis of MM patients, and the multi-factor analysis showed that NLR and Alb level were independent risk factors influencing the prognosis of MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#NLR elevation in patients with primary diagnosis of MM indicates a poor prognosis, which is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751712

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is approved by the the U.S.Food and Drug Administration in 2006 for female cancer prevention.There are currently three types of prophylactic HPV vaccines,and its application in developed countries can significantly reduce HPV infection rates and cervical lesion rates.In developing countries,HPV vaccination rates are low due to lack of knowledge of cervical cancer and funds.At the same time,concerns about vaccine safety have led to a reduction in vaccination rates in developed countries.Countries are facing the challenge of increasing vaccination rates.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802176

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on the differences of profile spectra among chemical components in Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex from different varieties and habitats,and to screen and identify the characteristic components affecting the quality difference of this herb. Method:The chromatogram data sets of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex from different varieties and habitats were obtained by liquid chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry(LC-TOF-MS).Principal component analysis,partial least squares-discriminant analysis and cluster analysis were used to compare the differences in chemical profiles among Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex from different varieties and habitats,and adopted to screen out the characteristic chemical constituents that resulted in these differences and to perform mass spectrometry analysis and comparison. Result:Eleven characteristic peaks were identified by LC-TOF-MS chromatographic data and reported in the literature.The use of chemical profile could distinguish different habitats of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex,but could not completely distinguish different varieties of this herb. Conclusion:LC-TOF-MS can easily and quickly study on the profile differences of chemical substances in Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex from different varieties and different habitats,the results of this study can provide a theoretical basis for the quality evaluation and pharmacodynamic material basis of this herb.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743333

ABSTRACT

Purpose To clarify the effect of adenosine on brain metastasis of lung cancer and the possible mechanism of adenosine promoting brain metastasis of lung cancer. Methods Western blot was used to dynamically detect the expression level of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) in lung cancer cells and tight junction protein ZO-1 in brain microvascular endothelial cells on blood-brain barrier. The content of adenosine in lung cancer cell culture was determined by ELISA. Fluorescence analysis was used to detect the changes of permeability of the blood-brain barrier model in vitro. Hemocytometer counts the number of A549 lung cancer cells in Transwell's lower chamber. Results The expression level of HIF-1 in lung cancer cells and the content of adenosine in lung cancer cell culture reached the highest level when lung cancer cells were deprived of oxygen for 12 hours. At the same time, the expression level of ZO-1 protein in the blood-brain barrier was the lowest, the blood-brain barrier permeability was the highest (7.11), and the number of lung cancer cells passing through the blood-brain barrier model was the highest (84.6). The permeability of the blood-brain barrier model increased after the action of adenosine, and its change trend was consistent with the effect of hypoxic lung cancer cell culture solution. Conclusion Hypoxia can induce the lung cancer cell to release adenosine, the increased adenosine can reduce the expression of tight junction protein ZO-1 in blood brain barrier, which leads to the increase of permeability of blood-brain barrier and eventually lead to brain metastasis of lung cancer.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742930

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the dynamic changes of serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) and its clinical significance.Methods A total of 103patients with AP admitted to our hospital from June 2016to December 2017were selected, which were divided into mild AP (MAP group, n=62) and severe AP (SAP group, n=41) according to the condition of disease.The levels of serum MCP-1and IL-6at 1st, 3rd, 7th day after admission were determined by the radioimmunoassay.At the same time, a total of 40healthy volunteers as control group were randomly selected.The predictive value of serum MCP-1and IL-6on for AP was analyzed.Results The serum MCP-1, IL-6level and APACHEⅡscore of MAP group and SAP group at 1st day were higher than those of control group (P<0.05) .The serum MCP-1, IL-6level and APACHEⅡscore of MAP group and SAP group at 3rd, 7th day were higher than those at 1st, and which at 7th were lower than those at 3rd (P<0.05) .The serum MCP-1, IL-6level and APACHEⅡscore of SAP group at 1st, 3rd, 7th were higher than those of MAP group (P<0.05) .Among patients with AP, serum MCP-1and IL-6were positively associated with APACHEⅡscore (P<0.05) .The best cutoff value of serum MCP-1for AP was 31.6pg/mL, and the area under ROC curve was 0.852, and the sensitivity and specificity was 0.87and 0.82respectively, and the accuracy was 0.85.The best cutoff value of serum IL-6for AP was 35.9ng/L, and the area under ROC curve was 0.876, and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.91and 0.85respectively, and the accuracy was 0.87.Conclusion The serum MCP-1and IL-6of patients with AP abnormal changes, which were closely related to the severity and prognosis.Early detection of MCP-1and IL-6can help to judge condition and evaluate prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 1002-1005, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733781

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection status of soil-borne nematode in rural areas of Jianhe County of Guizhou Province and to provide scientific basis for formulating prevention and control measures.Methods In 2016,according to "the Implementation Plan of Soil-Borne Nematode Surveillance in Jianhe County",five surveillance sites were set up in Jianhe rural areas,and 200 permanent residents over 3 years old at each monitoring site were selected to collect fecal samples.The eggs of intestinal nematodes (Ascaris,Hookworm,Trichuris,etc.) in samples were detected with the Kato thick smear method,and the enterobius vermicularis was looked for using the transparent adhesive paper anal swab method.Results A total of 1 000 human fecal samples were tested,and 169 persons were identified to be positive for Ascaris,Hookworm,and Trichuris,and the infection rate was 16.90% (169/1 000),in which the infection rates of Ascaris,Hookworm and Trichuris were 13.80% (138/1 000),2.00% (20/1 000) and 1.10% (11/1 000),respectively,and Tapeworm and Liver fluke were not detected.The infection rates of soil-borne nematode in male and female were 14.09% (72/511) and 19.84% (97/489),respectively,and the difference between genders was statistically significant (x2 =5.88,P < 0.05).The infection rates of soilborne nematode in the ages group of 0-,18-,41-and ≥66 were 18.94% (50/264),13.18% (29/220),15.12% (52/344) and 22.09% (38/172),respectively,but the differences were not statistically significant (x2=7.03,P > 0.05).Hookworm infection was not found in the group of 0 to 17 years old.The prevalence rates of soil-borne nematodes in primary school and below,junior high school,high school and secondary school education were 18.52% (138/745),14.83% (31/209),and 0 (0/46),respectively,and the differences in educational levels were statistically significant (x2 =11.39,P < 0.05).A total of 174 children aged 3 to 9 years old were tested for enterobius vermicularis,18 were infected,and the infection rate was 10.34% (18/174).Conclusions The situation of soilborne nematode infection is still severe in rural areas of Jianhe County.It should be strengthen health education and improve the knowledge of nematode diseases control among the population.

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