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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904323

ABSTRACT

@#In order to sustain prodigious anabolic needs, tumor cells need metabolic reprogramming that differs from untransformed somatic cells.Besides glucose metabolism in tumor, amino acid metabolism also plays an important role in tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion.It is an emerging trend in tumor energy metabolism research.The metabolic pathway of cysteine, a glucose-producing amino acid, involves a variety of enzymes and products, regulating physiological and pathological processes such as oxidative stress, energy metabolism, and autophagy.This article focuses on the exogenous transport and endogenous conversion pathways of cysteine in tumor cells, the various regulatory mechanisms of cysteine metabolism pathways on the occurrence and development of tumors, and the potential therapeutic targets based on cysteine metabolism pathways, which can provide a theoretical basis for clinical use of drugs against tumors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921559

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an artificial intelligence model based on B-mode thyroid ultrasound images to predict central compartment lymph node metastasis(CLNM)in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods We retrieved the clinical manifestations and ultrasound images of the tumors in 309 patients with surgical histologically confirmed PTC and treated in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January to December in 2018.The datasets were split into the training set and the test set.We established a deep learning-based computer-aided model for the diagnosis of CLNM in patients with PTC and then evaluated the diagnosis performance of this model with the test set. Result The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,and area under receiver operating characteristic curve of our model for predicting CLNM were 80%,76%,83%,and 0.794,respectively. Conclusion Deep learning-based radiomics can be applied in predicting CLNM in patients with PTC and provide a basis for therapeutic regimen selection in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 657-661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) BDNF-AS in kidney cancer tissues, and its effect on the proliferation and migration ability of kidney cancer cells and the molecular mechanism.Methods:Real-time reverse quantitative polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of BDNF-AS gene in renal cancer tissues, tumor-adjacent tissues of 67 renal cancer patients and normal renal tubular epithelial cells HK-2 and renal cancer cell lines A498, ACHN, OS-RC-2, Caki-1, 786-O in Huangshi Central Hospital of Edong Medical Group from May 2017 to July 2018. The kidney cancer cell line with the lowest expression of BDNF-AS was taken as the research object. Transient transfection with BDNF-AS overexpression plasmid was treated as the experiment group or a plasmid carrying meaningless sequences was treated as the control group. rRT-PCR was used to detect transfection efficiency. After the transfection with Caki-1 for 24 h, methythiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect the proliferation of cells in both groups, Transwell migration assay was applied to detect the cell migration ability, rRT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type G (PTPRG) mRNA and Western blot was used to detect the expression level of PI3K-AKT pathway related-proteins.Results:The relative expression level of BDNF-AS in kidney cancer tissues was lower than that in tumor-adjacent tissues (0.96±0.24 vs. 4.62±0.84, t = 41.76, P < 0.01). The relative expression of BDNF-AS in kidney cancer cell lines was lower than that in normal renal tubular epithelial cells HK-2 (all P < 0.05), and the relative expression in Caki-1 cells was the lowest (0.10±0.01). The relative expression of BDNF-AS in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group ( P < 0.01). From the second day of transfection, the proliferation ability of Caki-1 cells in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (all P < 0.05). The number of Caki-1 migrated cells in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group after migration for 15 h of Caki-1 cells transfected for 24 h [(51±8) vs. (192±25), t = 5.31, P < 0.01]. After 48 h transfection, the relative expression of PTPRG mRNA in Caki-1 cells ( P < 0.01) and protein expression of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group, the expression levels of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway related-proteins p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-Tpl2 in Caki-1 cells of the experimental group were lower than those of the control group. Conclusions:The expression of BDNF-AS is down-regulated in kidney cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of BDNF-AS can inhibit the proliferation and migration ability of kidney cancer Caki-1 cells. The molecular mechanism may be related to the transduction that BDNF-AS promotes PTPRG gene expression and interferes with PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the results of surgical treatment on post-pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage (PPH).Methods:The clinical data of 47 patients who developed PPH after pancreaticduodenectomy treated with surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2012 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The operative indications, bleeding site, intraoperative treatment and prognosis were analyzed.Results:There were 33 males and 14 females, aged 42 to 81 (mean 60) years. Early hemorrhage occurred in 17 patients and delayed hemorrhage in 30 patients. A total of 35 patients developed intraperitoneal hemorrhage, 7 gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 5 intraperitoneal combined with gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The indications for surgery were hemodynamic instability ( n=31) and other treatment failure ( n=10). In 17 patients (36.2%), hemorrhage was associated with blood vessels. In 14 patients (29.8%), hemorrhage was associated with anastomotic stoma, while in 6 patients (12.8%) with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, the bleeding was non-anastomotic related. Early hemorrhage was mainly vascular related, and the surgical treatment mainly consisted of suture hemostasis at the bleeding site combined with abdominal irrigation and drainage. Delayed hemorrhage was most commonly anastomotic associated, and its management should consider avoiding anastomotic fistula formation after treatment. The operation time of early hemorrhage was significantly shorter than that of delayed hemorrhage [(136.0±37.5) min vs. (191.1±73.8)min, t=-3.289, P<0.05]. The incidence of re-hemorrhage was 23.4% (11 patients) and 9 patients died with a mortality rate of 19.1%. The re-hemorrhage and mortality rates of early-stage bleeding were significantly lower than those of delayed bleeding [5.9%(1/17) vs. 33.3%(10/30), 0 vs. 30.0%(9/30), P<0.05]. Conclusions:Surgical treatment of early hemorrhage had better results than that of delayed bleeding. Patients with anastomotic related hemorrhage were at high-risks of postoperative death after surgery. Recurrent bleeding was the main cause of death.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886889

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of budesonide suspension for inhalation in the treatment of childhood asthma and its influence on growth and development in 1-2 years. Methods The 68 children with asthma admitted to our hospital from October 2016 to January 2017 were selected. Every patient had acute attacks and received continued medication. 34 patients treated with salbutamol sulfate inhaled aerosol were used as the control group. 34 patients treated with budesonide suspension combined with salbutamol sulfate aerosol were classified as the observation group. The interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), high-sensitivity-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), maximum respiratory flow, IS maximum expiratory volume, regulatory B cell ratio, wheezing disappearance time, shortness of breath relief time, wet rales disappearing time, cough disappearing time, and the two year follow-up indicators of growth and development were compared. Results After medication, IL-6, TNF-α, hs-CRP, regulatory B cell ratio, wheezing disappearance time, shortness of breath relief time, moist rales disappearance time, and cough disappearance time were lower in the observation group(P<0.05). The maximum respiratory flow and IS maximum expiratory volume in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The GH level, height, and weight obtained from two year follow up in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Budesonide suspension combined with salbutamol sulfate aerosol inhalation therapy can alleviate the inflammatory reaction, improve the lung function and immune function of children, and accelerate the disappearance of clinical symptoms, but it will affect the growth and development of children to a certain extent.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 254-258, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of long non-coding RNA LINC00630 in bladder cancer cell lines, and to explore the effect of interference with its expression in vitro on the proliferation and migration of bladder cancer cells.Methods:Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of LINC00630 in bladder cancer cell lines 5637, BIU-87, T24, J82 and normal bladder epithelial cell line SV-HUC-1. The bladder cancer cell line with the highest LINC00630 expression was selected for follow-up experiments, then the cell line infected with the control lentivirus was used as the control group, and the cell line infected with the lentivirus that could interfere with the expression of LINC00630 was used as the experimental group. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of LINC00630 in the two groups of cells. MTS method and cell scratch test were used to detect the proliferation and migration abilities of cells in the two groups. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of neuregulin 1 (NRG1) mRNA in the two groups of cells, and Western blot was used to detect the expressions of NRG1 protein, cell proliferation-related proteins (cyclin D3 and CDK2) and cell migration-related proteins (Vimentin and N-cadherin) in the two groups of cells.Results:Compared with SV-HUC-1 cells (1.05±0.17), the expression of LINC00630 was significantly increased in all bladder cancer cell lines (all P < 0.01), and the expression was highest in J82 cells (relative expression 5.83±0.42). Compared with J82 cells of the control group, the expression of LINC00630 in J82 cells of the experimental group decreased (0.18±0.02 vs. 1.00±0.05, t=14.36, P < 0.01); from day 2 of transfection, the cell proliferation activity of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group (all P < 0.05). The cell scratch closure rate of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group [(27.4±7.1)% vs. (66.0±5.4)%, t = 4.31, P < 0.01]. Therelative expression of NRG1 mRNA in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (0.34±0.03 vs. 1.07±0.24, t = 2.99, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions of NRG1 protein, cell proliferation-related proteins and cell migration-related proteins in the experimental group were reduced. Conclusions:LINC00630 is up-regulated in bladder cancer cell lines, and interference with LINC00630 may inhibit the proliferation and migration of J82 cells by down-regulating the expression of NRG1 gene. LINC00630 may be a new molecular target for the treatment of bladder cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feature, diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis(AIP).Methods:Clinical data of 20 AIP patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Nineteen patients were diagnosed with type 1 AIP and 1 patient was with type 2 AIP. Fifteen patients were diagnosed by imaging, serology and other organ involvement, and 5 patients were confirmed by postoperative histopathology. Thirteen patients received glucocorticoid therapy. Five patients have not received glucocorticoid therapy after surgery.One patient refused treatment, and 1 patient is currently under clinical observation. Seventeen of the 20 patients were followed up, 11 patients were on glucocorticoid therapy with related clinical symptoms being gradually improved, serum IgG4 decreased and imaging findings improved. Five patients did not relapse after drug withdrawal. Three patients had recurrence of jaundice after drug withdrawal. One patient had recurrence of pancreatic lesions after drug withdrawal. Two patients had recurrence of high serum IgG4 after tapering the doses, these 6 patients were treated with steroid maintenance therapy. One patient died of repeated gastrointestinal bleeding 2 months later, and another 4 surgical patients and 1 patient under clinical observation are in good condition.Conclusions:AIP should be diagnosed in combination with clinical manifestations, serological examination, imaging examination and histopathology, especially focal lesions should be differentiated from pancreatic cancer, so as to avoid missed diagnosis and unnecessary surgical intervention.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the use of three-dimensional computer reconstruction in diagnosis and treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis of clinical data was conducted on patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma admitted to the Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China from January 1, 2017 to July 31, 2019. The classification of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, vascular invasion and surgical resectability were determined by preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction. These data were then compared with the findings obtained during operations, by comparing with the three-dimensional reconstruction technology findings in classification of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, vascular invasion, and hilar extent of biliary and vasculature involvement.Results:Of 65 patients included in this study, there were 35 males and 30 females, with an age of (60.35±10.70) years. After operation, these 65 patients were classified into type I ( n=7), type II ( n=4), type III ( n=14), and type IV ( n=40) using the Bismuth classification. The accuracy rates of preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction for hilar cholangiocarcinoma classification, portal vein invasion, hepatic artery invasion, and diagnosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma vasculature involvement were 90.7% (59/65), 90.7% (59/65), 86.1% (56/65) and 80.0% (52/65) respectively. Conclusions:The three-dimensional computer reconstruction technology could visually and accurately display the shape and spatial extent of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. It has an important clinical use in accurately diagnosing hilar cholangiocarcinoma preoperatively.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 668-673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of microRNA (miRNA, miR) -7850 in renal cancer tissues, and to explore the effect of miR-7850 on the proliferation and migration of renal cancer cells and on the regulation of serine proteinase inhibitor B3 (SERPINB3) gene expression.Methods:Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-7850 in renal cancer tissues and renal cancer cell lines. The renal cell carcinoma cell line with the lowest expression of miR-7850 was selected, and the negative control sequence (miR-NC) and miR-7850 mimics were transfected into renal cell carcinoma cells by Lipofectamine 2000 transfection reagent, respectively, which were defined as miR-NC group and miR-7850 group. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-7850 in transfected renal cancer cells. The cell proliferation and migration ability after transfection were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method and transwell experiment. Bioinformatics prediction and dual luciferase reporter gene experiments were used to verify the target gene of miR-7850. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of target genes in renal cancer cells after transfection.Results:Compared with adjacent tissues (5.95±0.44), the expression of miR-7850 in kidney cancer tissues (1.19±0.33) was lower ( P<0.01). Compared with immortalized proximal renal tubular epithelial cells (1.01±0.07), the expression of miR-7850 was lower in renal cancer cell lines ( P<0.05), and the lowest in A498 cells (0.13±0.01) ( P<0.01). The expression of miR-7850 in the miR-7850 group (7.46±0.93) was significantly higher than that in the miR-NC group (1.01±0.08) ( P<0.01), indicating successful transfection. Compared with the miR-NC group, the cell proliferation ability of the miR-7850 group was significantly reduced ( P<0.05). The number of migrating cells in miR-NC group and miR-7850 group were (139.50±12.31) and (75.09±16.05) cells, respectively, and the cell migration ability in miR-7850 group decreased significantly ( P<0.01). Bioinformatics technology shows that the target gene of miR-7850 was SERPINB3. The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment confirmed that miR-7850 can target the SERPINB3 gene ( P<0.05). Compared with the miR-NC group, the expression of SERPINB3 in cells of miR-7850 group was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), as well as the CDK4, CyclinD, Snail and Vimentin. Conclusions:miR-7850 is lowly expressed in renal cancer tissues and cell lines. miR-7850 can inhibit the proliferation and migration of renal cancer A498 cells, which may be related to its inhibition of SERPINB3 gene expression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882631

ABSTRACT

Non-drug therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) mainly includes exercise therapy, such as Baduanjin and Taichi. Some TCM techniques adjunct toanti-hyperhension drugs show effectiveness with safety, such as moxibustion, acupuncture, acupoint application, auricular point application, massage, cupping, scraping, herbal tea, emotional therapy, and music therapy. In future, long-term follow-up of trials and standardization of research are needed. In the other way, in-depth research on patients with grade 3 hypertension and secondary hypertension is still needed.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 149-154,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function of single-port insufflation endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy (SIE-NSM) in the treatment of early breast cancer.Methods:From January 2014 to August 2019, a total of 80 patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ breast cancer underwent SIE-NSM, at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. Estimated the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function.Results:SIE-NSM was performed successfully on all 80 patients.There was no serious complication after surgery.The follow-up time was 16-82 months and the median follow-up time was 42 months. Local recurrence occurred in two patients, and there was no distant metastases. Four (5%) patients developed grade 1-3 nipple-areola complex ischemia. There were no cases of subcutaneous effusion.The satisfaction with breasts, chest well-being, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being scores were confirmed to be highly rated by Breast-Q scale. Upper extremity function score confirmed that good upper limb function was preserved after surgery. The mean length of incision was (3.6±0.8) cm, and the blood loss was (24.7±19.3) mL.Conclusions:SIE-NSM can achieve a higher cosmetic score and a better recovery of upper limb function on the premise of ensuring the safety of the tumor.This novel method is an appropriate surgical option for patients with early breast cancer.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1326-1330,1335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of microRNA (miRNA, miR)-1914-3p regulating the expression of ARL4C and affecting the invasion and proliferation of renal cancer cells.Methods:Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of miR-1914-3p in tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of 53 renal cancer patients, 4 types of renal cancer cell lines (ACHN, OS-RC-2, 786-O, A498) and normal proximal renal tubular epithelial cell line (HK-2). The nonsense sequence (NC) and miR-1914-3p mimic were transiently transfected into renal cancer cells with the lowest miR-1914-3p expression by liposome method, namely the NC group and miR-1914-3p group. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of miR-1914-3p in transfected cells. Transwell invasion test and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) were used to detect the invasion and proliferation ability of each group of cells. Bioinformatics software and dual luciferase gene report experiment were used to predict and test the targeted regulation mechanism of miR-1914-3p on target genes. qRT-PCR and Western blot was conducted to analyze the target gene expression level in cells of each group.Results:The expression level of miR-1914-3p in renal cancer tissue was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues ( P<0.01). The expression level of miR-1914-3p in renal cancer cell lines was significantly lower than that in HK-2 cell lines ( P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1914-3p in OS-RC-2 cells was the lowest ( P<0.01). The expression of miR-1914-3p in the NC group and the miR-1914-3p group were (1.04±0.17) and (11.40±0.91), respectively. The expression level of miR-1914-3p in the miR-1914-3p group was significantly increased ( P<0.01), indicating that the transfection was successful. Overexpression of miR-1914-3p can significantly inhibit the invasion ( P<0.01) and proliferation ( P<0.05) of renal cancer OS-RC-2 cells. Dual luciferase gene report experiment indicated that the target gene of miR-1914-3p may be ADP-ribosylation factor-like 4C (ARL4C); miR-1914-3p can significantly inhibit the luciferase activity of wild-type ARL4C-3′UTR ( P<0.01). Overexpression of miR-1914-3p decreased the expression of ARL4C mRNA and protein in OS-RC-2 cells ( P<0.01), and decreased the expression of cell invasion phenotype proteins (Snail, Slug) and cell proliferation phenotype proteins (Mcm2, Mcm7) ( P<0.01). Conclusions:miR-1914-3p is low-expressed in renal cell carcinoma. It inhibits the invasion and proliferation of renal cell carcinoma OS-RC-2 cells through targeted interference with the expression of the oncogene ARL4C, and participates in the occurrence and development of renal cell carcinoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the efficacy of modified Qingzao Jiufei Tang combined with adjuvant chemotherapy on quality of life and survival period of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the moderation effect on immune function and cytokines. Method:One hundred and twenty patients were randomly divided into control group (60 cases) and observation group (60 cases) by random number table. Patients in two group got paclitaxel and cisplatin chemotherapy.The control group took Yifei Qinghua granules orally,2 bags/time,3 times/day. In addition to the therapy of control group, patients in observation group were added with modified Qingzao Jiufei Tang from the first day after chemotherapy to the 12th week after chemotherapy, 1 dose/day. Six-month and one-year survival rates and survival period were recorded. Before and after treatment, lung cancer quality of life scale (FACT-L 4.0) and M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI-C) were scored. And levels of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ , natural killer cells (NK), cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 (CYFRA21-1), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 were all detected. Result:The 6-month survival rate of in observation group was 78.33%(47/60), which was higher than 60.00%(36/60) in control group (χ2=4.728, P<0.05). The one-year survival rate in observation group was 48.33%(29/60), which was higher than 30.00%(18/60) in control group (χ2=4.232, P<0.05). And the survival period in observation group was 15 months, which was longer than 11 months in control group (P<0.01). And scores of FACT-L and various factors were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Scores of disease symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, fatigue symptoms and emotional symptoms were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01), and scores of effect of symptoms on daily life in six aspects, such as enjoyment of life, were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). And levels of NK, CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ were higher than those in control group (P<0.05), while levels of CD8+, TGF-β1, NF-κB, ICAM-1, VEGF, CYFRA21-1, SCC-Ag and NSE were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Modified Qingzao Jiufei Tang combined with adjuvant chemotherapy can prolong the survival time, improve the survival rate, alleviate the effect of symptoms on daily life, improve the quality of life, inhibit the expression of tumor markers and cytokines, and stabilize the immune function of the body, with a positive clinical significance in improving the prognosis of NSCLC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870062

ABSTRACT

The cause and treatment of refractory hyperglycemia in a critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patient during treatment were analyzed retrospectively, indicating that novel coronavirus infection may cause damage to glucose metabolism, so the monitoring and control of blood glucose should be strengthened in clinical treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations between cerebral β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition assessed by 18F-florbetapir (AV45) PET imaging and clinical cognitive symptoms in patients with subtle cognitive decline (SCD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods:Data of twenty-four patients (11 males, 13 females, age: (63.2±7.6) years) diagnosed as SCD ( n=15) or MCI ( n=9) from December 2018 to March 2019 in Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People′s Hospital were collected prospectively. All patients underwent 18F-AV45 PET imaging, brain MRI T 1 scan and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) within two weeks. 18F-AV45 PET images were analyzed visually (positive, mild positive, negative). After being pretreated according to the MRI, 18F-AV45 PET images were analyzed semi-quantitatively by calculating the standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) of Aβ deposition in 8 regions of interest (ROIs; frontal lobe, lateral parietal lobe, lateral temporal lobe, medial temporal lobe, occipital lobe, basal ganglia, posterior cingulate and precuneus), with cerebellar gray matter as the reference. Partial correlation coefficients between regional SUVRs and MMSE score were calculated. Results:18F-AV45 PET imaging showed that 16 patients with positive results and 8 patients with mild positive results. MMSE score of 24 patients was 28.2±2.0, and the SUVR was 0.93-1.87. Correlation analysis revealed that Aβ deposition in frontal cortex ( r=-0.432), posterior cingulate lobe ( r=-0.434) and precuneus ( r=-0.418) was negatively correlated with MMSE score (all P<0.05); and no significant correlations between SUVR and MMSE in other brain regions were found ( r values: from -0.412 to -0.110, all P>0.05). Conclusion:18F-AV45 PET imaging can noninvasively detect brain Aβ deposition in patients, and can effectively reflect the clinical cognitive status of patients with SCD and MCI to a certain extent.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869119

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the alteration of brain glucose metabolic network in patients with somatoform disorders (SFD).Methods 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET images of 18 SFD patients (10 males 8 females;age:(39.5±12.0) years;illness duration:(3.67±3.20) years) and 21 matched healthy controls (13 males,8 females;age:(43.9±8.4) years) in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University from October 2011 to December 2012 were enrolled to construct the brain glucose metabolic networks for 2 groups (SFD group,control group) respectively.Then the global network properties (normalized clustering coefficient,normalized shortest path length,small-worldness and global efficiency) and local parameters (clustering coefficient and betweenness centrality of the node) were calculated using the graph theory.Differences between 2 groups were compared by permutation test with 1000 permutations.The top 20% (18/90) were classified as Hub nodes based on the results of clustering coefficient and betweenness centrality of the node.Results Small-worldness of SFD patients was similar to that of healthy controls (σ> 1).There were decreased tendency in normalized clustering coefficient and global efficiency,and increased tendency in normalized shortest path length in SFD patients,but without significant differences (P>0.05).Compared to healthy controls,the betweenness centrality of left pallidum,left amygdala,left precuneus and right angular gyrus increased (permutation test,P<0.05);the betweenness centrality of left middle temporal gyrus,right superior occipital gyrus decreased (permutation test,P<0.05);the clustering coefficients of bilateral pallidum,bilateral thalamus,and left amygdala decreased (permutation test,P < 0.05).Most changed Hub nodes (16/24) belonged to limbic system.Conclusion The changes of topological properties of brain glucose metabolic network in SFD patients including the decreased tendency of small-worldness and global efficiency,as well as the altered Hub nodes,may provide valid imaging evidences for brain dysfunction of somatization symptoms.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865925

ABSTRACT

To construct an intelligent appointment register platform for clinical examination in large-scale hospitals can improve the utilization efficiency of medical resources and shorten the waiting period of patients for examination. In this study, a knowledge base of medical examination information was built through the investigation of general hospital, and all examination systems and items were integrated into the appointment register platform, so that all examinations were appointed based on the principle of completing all tests in the shortest time, thus building a unified intelligent appointment register platform for the hospital. From that, the average appointment register procedure of examinations has been shorten after launching the intelligent platform, labor costs of appointment register center and inpatient legwork have been saved, all examinations of inpatients can be finished in 48 hours, and patient satisfaction has been improved obviously.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the trends of loss of muscle fiber thickness of the arm and calf.Methods:From April 2019 to July 2019, 58 patients admitted to ICU of Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital were enrolled. During ICU stay, the muscle fiber thickness in bilateral upper arm (biceps brachii) and bilateral calf (gastrocephus muscle) were measured by bedside color ultrasound every day.Results:The muscle fiber thickness of biceps and gastrocnemius on the left and right were (1.52 ± 0.37), (1.50 ± 0.34), (1.53±0.39), (1.51 ± 0.37) mm, respectively. The thickness of muscle fibers were (1.45 ± 0.35), (1.46 ± 0.37), (1.44±0.33), (1.41 ± 0.32) mm, which were significantly decreased in 48 h admitted to ICU ( t values were 2.106-4.711, P<0.05 or 0.01); and (1.43 ± 0.36), (1.44 ± 0.36), (1.44±0.32), (1.39 ± 0.32) mm in 72 h, which were significantly decreased than 24 h admitted to ICU ( t values were2.029-4.504, P<0.05 or 0.01). During 1 week admission to ICU , the muscle fiber thickness showed a continuous trend of decline, and the muscle fiber thickness of the left biceps, right biceps, left gastrocnemius and right gastrocnemius decreased by 8.38% (0.13/1.55), 10.19% (0.16/1.57), 9.87% (0.15/1.52), 11.11% (0.17/1.53), respectively compared with the ICU admission. The muscle fiber thickness of the left biceps, right biceps, left gastrocnemius and right gastrocnemius decreased by 9.87% (0.15/1.52), 9.33% (0.14/1.50), 9.15% (0.14/1.53), 11.26% (0.17/1.51), respectively. Conclusion:Muscle attenuation can be observed within 48h after ICU entry, and it tends to decrease with the extension of the length of hospital stay.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798835

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the alteration of brain glucose metabolic network in patients with somatoform disorders (SFD).@*Methods@#18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET images of 18 SFD patients (10 males, 8 females; age: (39.5±12.0) years; illness duration: (3.67±3.20) years) and 21 matched healthy controls (13 males, 8 females; age: (43.9±8.4) years) in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University from October 2011 to December 2012 were enrolled to construct the brain glucose metabolic networks for 2 groups (SFD group, control group) respectively. Then the global network properties (normalized clustering coefficient, normalized shortest path length, small-worldness and global efficiency) and local parameters (clustering coefficient and betweenness centrality of the node) were calculated using the graph theory. Differences between 2 groups were compared by permutation test with 1 000 permutations. The top 20% (18/90) were classified as Hub nodes based on the results of clustering coefficient and betweenness centrality of the node.@*Results@#Small-worldness of SFD patients was similar to that of healthy controls (σ>1). There were decreased tendency in normalized clustering coefficient and global efficiency, and increased tendency in normalized shortest path length in SFD patients, but without significant differences (P>0.05). Compared to healthy controls, the betweenness centrality of left pallidum, left amygdala, left precuneus and right angular gyrus increased (permutation test, P<0.05); the betweenness centrality of left middle temporal gyrus, right superior occipital gyrus decreased (permutation test, P<0.05); the clustering coefficients of bilateral pallidum, bilateral thalamus, and left amygdala decreased (permutation test, P<0.05). Most changed Hub nodes (16/24) belonged to limbic system.@*Conclusion@#The changes of topological properties of brain glucose metabolic network in SFD patients including the decreased tendency of small-worldness and global efficiency, as well as the altered Hub nodes, may provide valid imaging evidences for brain dysfunction of somatization symptoms.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878834

ABSTRACT

This paper was to investigate the effect of total flavonoids of Lichi Semen(TFL) on carbon tetrachloride(CCl_4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats, analyze and predict its mechanism of action and potential quality markers(Q-marker). Firstly, male SD rats were taken and injected subcutaneously with a 40% CCl_4-vegetable oil solution twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks to establish a rat model of liver fibrosis. The rats with liver fibrosis were randomly divided into model group, silybin group(43.19 mg·kg~(-1)), Fuzheng Huayu Capsules group(462.75 mg·kg~(-1)), and TFL groups(100 mg·kg~(-1) and 25 mg·kg~(-1)), with normal rats as a blank group, 10 rats in each group. Except for the blank group, the rats in the other groups were subcutaneously injected with 40% CCl_4-vegetable oil solution of a maintenance dose, once a week. The rats in various treatment groups received corresponding doses of drugs, while the rats in the blank group and model group received the same volume of normal saline once a day for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood was collected from the abdominal aorta and the liver tissues were collected. The levels of total bilirubin(TBiL), direct bilirubin(DBiL), indirect bilirubin(IBiL), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in serum were detected by using an automatic biochemical detector. Masson staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of rat liver. Then, the chemical compositions of TFL were collected, and the action targets of these chemical compositions were predicted through SWISS database and reverse molecular docking server(DRAR-CPI). After screening of disease targets of liver fibrosis by Gene Cards database, the protein-protein interaction was analyzed with use of STRING database, and GO(gene ontology) analysis and KEGG(Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) enrich analysis were also carried out. Moreover, an iTRAQ proteomics technology was used to determine protein expression in liver tissues of rats in TFL, model and blank groups to verify the targets. Furthermore, Cytoscape software was used to establish and visualize the network of chemical components, targets and pathways, and predict the potential Q-marker of TFL. The results showed that the levels of TBiL, DBiL, IBiL, ALT, and AST in the model group were significantly higher than those in the blank normal group(P<0.05), and the above levels in the treatment groups were lower than those in the model group, but with no significant differences. Masson staining showed that the liver damage and the degree of fibrosis were severe in the model group, and were relieved to different degrees in the treatment groups. Then, 74 chemical components were screened, which could act on 865 targets such as EGFR and SRC, participating in the regulation of cancer pathways, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway and other signaling pathways closely related to liver fibrosis. Pinocembrin, quercetin, epicatechin, procyanidin A2, naringenin, nobiletin, phlorizin and rutin showed the highest correlation with liver fibrosis-related targets and pathways. Proteomics results showed that a total of 18 proteins among the 45 proteins predicted by internet pharmacology were identified, among which 6 proteins were significantly expressed, including 5 up-regulated proteins and 1 down-regulated protein. The protein expression of ALB, PLG, HSP90 AA1, EGFR and MAP2 K1 was significantly returned to a normal state in the TFL treatment groups. In conclusion, TFL may demonstrate the anti-hepatic fibrosis and potential hepatoprotective effects by regulating the expression of ALB, PLG, HSP90 AA1, EGFR and MAP2 K1, which may be associated with the regulation of multiple signaling pathways related to liver fibrosis such as PI3 K-Akt pathway. Pinocembrin, quercetin, epicatechin, procyanidin A2, naringenin, nobiletin, phlorizin and rutin could be regarded as potential Q-markers of TFL for quality control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Tetrachloride , Flavonoids , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Male , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semen
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