Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 153
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 65-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of the impaired cognition and the deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) in normal cognitive (NC) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI).Methods:From December 2018 to January 2021, 305 subjects (113 males, 192 females; age (64.0±7.7) years) who completed neuropsychological tests and MRI in Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and 18F-florbetapir (AV45) PET imaging in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects were divided into MCI group and NC group based on neuropsychological tests, and each group was further divided into Aβ-positive and Aβ-negative based on PET imaging results. Independent-sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to analyze the data. Results:There were 118 subjects in MCI group and 187 subjects in NC group. The Aβ-positive rate in MCI group (37.3%, 44/118) was higher than that in NC group (26.2%, 49/187; χ2=4.19, P=0.041). The assessment performances of MCI group in general cognitive function, memory function, language function and executive function were inferior to those of NC group ( t values: from -10.63 to -6.31, z values: from -11.01 to -6.03, all P<0.001). The Auditory Verbal Learning Test-Long Delay Recall (AVLT-LDR) score of Aβ-positive subjects was lower than that of Aβ-negative subjects in MCI group (1.00(0.00, 3.00) and 3.00(1.00, 4.00); z=-2.49, P=0.013). The Montreal Cognitive Assessment Basic (MoCA-B) score of Aβ-positive subjects was lower than that of Aβ-negative subjects in NC group (25.29±2.67 and 26.36±2.42; t=-2.61, P=0.010). Conclusion:Compared to Aβ-negative subjects, MCI patients with Aβ-positive perform worse on memory tests, and NC subjects with Aβ-positive perform worse on general cognitive function.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 20-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition pattern of subjects with the preclinical Alzheimer′s disease (AD), community-derived amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and normal cognition (NC) from communities of Shanghai.Methods:According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 273 subjects (104 males, 169 females; age (64.2±7.6) years) were recruited from Shanghai community and memory clinics from December 2018 to July 2020. All subjects underwent MRI, 18F-AV45 PET imaging and neuropsychological scale tests and were grouped into AD, aMCI and NC groups based on clinical diagnosis. Differences in demographic information, the neuropsychological scale tests′ scores and positive rate of Aβ deposition among each group were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance or χ2 test. Aβ deposition patterns of AD and MCI groups were analyzed at voxel level, and the differences of Aβ deposition among different groups were compared. Results:Among 273 patients, the positive rates of Aβ deposition in AD, aMCI and NC groups were 84.4%(38/45), 36.4%(20/55) and 23.1%(40/173), respectively ( χ2=58.37, P<0.001). Among AD, aMCI, NC and NC (Aβ-) groups ( n=132), the education years of AD group was the lowest ((9.7±4.6) years; F=8.86, P<0.001). In addition, there were significant differences in the scores of several neuropsychological scale tests among AD, aMCI, NC groups and NC (Aβ-) group ( F values: 27.68-235.50, all P<0.001). Compared with subjects in NC(Aβ-) group, the Aβ depositions in the aMCI and AD groups were widely distributed in the whole cerebral cortex; and AD group had higher Aβ deposition in bilateral frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital lobe, cingulate gyrus and precuneus than aMCI group. Conclusions:The positive rate of Aβ deposition in the preclinical AD population from the Shanghai community is obtained. There are significant different Aβ deposition patterns in subjects at different stages of AD.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 415-418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965891

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the immunity and influencing factors of diphtheria among preschool children in Shenzhen,to provide reference for effective monitoring of diphtheria IgG antibody level in preschool children.@*Methods@#Serum samples were collected from 296 preschool children aged 4-6 who were recruited in Shenzhen. The diphtheria antibody titer in serum was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, and the effect of different immumuzation schedule including types of vaccine and vaccination timing, on the geometric mean concentration (GMC) of diphtheria IgG antibody and antibody positive rate were analyzed.@*Results@#The GMC of diphtheria IgG antibody was 0.71 IU/mL, and the positive conversion rate was 33.1%. There were significant differences in antibody GMC and antibody positive conversion rate of diphtheria in different age groups( F/χ 2=11.77, 27.45, P < 0.01 ). The GMC and antibody positive conversion rate showed significant differences by diphtheria antibodies, vaccine types and end dose vaccination intervals( F=49.53, 12.95,11.61, P <0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the positive conversion rate of diphtheria antibodies in children with different types of diphtheria antibodies, vaccine types of diphtheria antibodies, and diphtheria antibodies at the time interval of final vaccination (Fisher exact probability method, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The overall positive conversion rate of diphtheria antibody in preschool children in Shenzhen is high. Timely completion of full diphtheria vaccination can improve the antibody level and plays a better role in protecting preschool children.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 377-384, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982268

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common refractory disease. Chinese medicine (CM) has remarkable efficacy and advantages on the treatment of IBS. This review summarized the articles focusing on the treatment of IBS with CM to sum up the latest treatment methods for IBS and the underlying mechanisms. Literature analysis showed that prescriptions, acupuncture, and moxibustion are the primary methods of CM treatment for IBS. The potential mechanism centers on the regulation of the enteric nervous system, the alleviation of visceral hypersensitivity, the stability of intestinal flora, and the regulation of the immune system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion
5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1146-1152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953913

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the current situation of human resource allocation in district and county centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) in Kashgar , identify existing problems and influencing factors, and to provide scientific evidence for optimizing the human resource allocation. MethodsA survey was conducted among all CDCs in Kashgar in February 2022. The questionnaire included the institutional and individual questions. ResultsThe overall staff size approved for the CDCs in Kashgar was 604, with a staffing rate of 76.17%, among which the staffing rates in 5 county CDCs were less than 60%. Currently, there were a total of 524 approved staff members in all CDCs, resulting in a vacancy rate of 13.25%. In the district CDC, 85 staff members were on duty, while the median of staff on duty was 34 in each county CDC. The staff in the district CDC was ageing, of which those aged over 45 accounted for 67.06%. The staff in the county CDCs was generally young, of which those aged less than 35 accounted for 54.22%. Moreover, the proportion of staff with bachelor’s degree or above in the district and county CDCs was 31.76% and 24.95%, respectively. The proportion of staff without professional title was 32.94% and 48.03%, respectively. In contrast, the proportion of those with middle and senior professional title was 57.89% and 22.02%, respectively. In addition, in recent 3 years, 24 staff members resigned in the CDCs, all of whom had professional titles. ConclusionHuman resources are insufficient in CDCs in Kashgar. Furthermore, staff structure is unreasonable, with a serious loss of human resources. In particular, the district CDC needs to optimize the allocation of human resources.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 693-701, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergic mechanism of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) and aconitine (AC) by acting on normal neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) and pentobarbital sodium (PS)-induced damaged NRCMs.@*METHODS@#The toxic, non-toxic, and effective doses of AC and the most suitable compatibility concentration of Rg1 for both normal and damaged NRCMs exposed for 1 h were filtered out by 3- (4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-diphenytetrazoliumromide, respectively. Then, normal NRCMs or impaired NRCMs were treated with chosen concentrations of AC alone or in combination with Rg1 for 1 h, and the cellular activity, cellular ultrastructure, apoptosis, leakage of acid phosphatase (ACP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), intracellular sodium ions [Na+], potassium ions [K+] and calcium ions [Ca2+] levels, and Nav1.5, Kv4.2, and RyR2 genes expressions in each group were examined.@*RESULTS@#For normal NRCMs, 3000 µ mol/L AC significantly inhibited cell viability (P<0.01), promoted cell apoptosis, and damaged cell structures (P<0.05), while other doses of AC lower than 3000 µ mol/L and the combinations of AC and Rg1 had little toxicity on NRCMs. Compared with AC acting on NRCMs alone, the co-treatment of 3000 and 10 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly decreased the level of intracellular Ca2+ (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the co-treatment of 3000 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly decreased the level of intracellular Ca2+ via regulating Nav1.5, RyR2 expression (P<0.01). For damaged NRCMs, 1500 µ mol/L AC aggravated cell damage (P<0.01), and 0.1 and 0.001 µ mol/L AC showed moderate protective effect. Compared with AC used alone, the co-treatment of Rg1 with AC reduced the cell damage, 0.1 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly inhibited the level of intracellular Na+ (P<0.05), 1500 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly inhibited the level of intracellular K+ (P<0.01) via regulating Nav1.5, Kv4.2, RyR2 expressions in impaired NRCMs.@*CONCLUSION@#Rg1 inhibited the cardiotoxicity and enhanced the cardiotonic effect of AC via regulating the ion channels pathway of [Na+], [K+], and [Ca2+].


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aconitine/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Cardiotoxicity/drug therapy , Cell Survival , Ginsenosides/pharmacology
7.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 661-665, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the abnormal brain metabolic pattern and connectivity in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients.Methods:18F-FDG PET images of 75 patients diagnosed as drug resistant unilateral TLE from January 2014 to December 2016 in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University were collected retrospectively, including 41 (22 males, 19 females, age (28.4±8.7) years) left TLE (LTLE) and 34 (13 males, 21 females, age (28.5±8.8) years) right TLE (RTLE). Forty-four healthy controls (24 males, 20 females, age (31.2±6.2) years) were also enrolled. The cerebral glucose metabolism in TLE patients and the controls were analyzed with statistical parametric mapping (SPM) 12. The brain connectivity based on glucose metabolism were analyzed with bilateral hippocampus and amygdala as seeds. Permutation test with 1 000 permutations was used to analyze data. Results:Compared to control group, in both LTLE and RTLE groups, hypometabolism was found in affected hippocampus, amygdala, insula and temporal gyrus and hypermetabolism was observed in health hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, amygdala, lenticular nucleus and thalamus. In addition, hypometabolism was also found in affected superior/middle frontal gyrus and hypermetabolism was also found in bilateral frontal-orbital gyrus, bilateral cerebellum, affected lenticular nucleus and thalamus in LTLE group. In both TLE groups, affected seeds exhibited increased connectivity with affected superior frontal gyrus, lingual gyrus, fusiform gyrus, superior/middle temporal gyrus and temporal pole (all P<0.05); affected seeds exhibited increased connectivity with health superior frontal gyrus ( P=0.005), lingual gyrus ( P=0.018) and transverse temporal gyrus ( P=0.016) in RTLE group in addition. Besides, affected seeds exhibited decreased connectivity with bilateral default mode network (DMN) (all P<0.05), affected caudate nucleus ( P=0.015) and health thalamus ( P=0.008), in a uniform distribution pattern in LTLE group, and with bilateral cerebral cortex in an irregular distribution pattern in RTLE group (all P<0.05). In LTLE group, health seeds exhibited more increased connections with superior ( P=0.005)/middle frontal gyrus ( P=0.042), health hippocampus ( P=0.038), parahippocampal gyrus ( P=0.019), amygdala ( P=0.038), posterior cingulate gyrus ( P=0.004), and bilateral fusiform gyrusand ( P=0.048) compared with RTLE group; while, in RTLE group, health seeds exhibited more decreased connections with health superior ( P=0.047), inferior frontal gyrus ( P<0.001), orbital frontal gyrus ( P<0.001) and rectus gyrus ( P=0.016) compared with LTLE group. Conclusion:Altered brain glucose metabolism and connectivity pattern are found and will elucidate the underlying metabolic pattern of TLE.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 113-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931834

ABSTRACT

Acute gastrointestinal dysfunction is a common and important complication of sepsis. As no exiting formal definition and classification of gastrointestinal dysfunction, most of the treatment strategies for gastrointestinal dysfunction are not based on clinical evidence, but on their own clinical experience. Experts of traditional Chinese medicine, integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine and Western medicine from various disciplines in Shanghai are organized by the Shanghai Society of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine and the Emergency Department Branch of Shanghai Physicians Association. After repeated discussion, literature search and formulation of the outline, we developed consensus on gastrointestinal dysfunction secondary to sepsis with integrating Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western medicine by consulting extensively on clinical experts in the fields of emergency medicine, gastroenterology, general surgery, infectious medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, and holding several expert forums and consultation meetings. This clinical expert consensus focused on acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) classification and inducer of sepsis. In this consensus, the common symptoms, diagnosis, classifications, treatment strategies and suggestions of acute gastrointestinal injury or dysfunction secondary to sepsis were explored from the aspect of both Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western medicine.

9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 911-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921559

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an artificial intelligence model based on B-mode thyroid ultrasound images to predict central compartment lymph node metastasis(CLNM)in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods We retrieved the clinical manifestations and ultrasound images of the tumors in 309 patients with surgical histologically confirmed PTC and treated in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January to December in 2018.The datasets were split into the training set and the test set.We established a deep learning-based computer-aided model for the diagnosis of CLNM in patients with PTC and then evaluated the diagnosis performance of this model with the test set. Result The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,and area under receiver operating characteristic curve of our model for predicting CLNM were 80%,76%,83%,and 0.794,respectively. Conclusion Deep learning-based radiomics can be applied in predicting CLNM in patients with PTC and provide a basis for therapeutic regimen selection in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 149-154,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function of single-port insufflation endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy (SIE-NSM) in the treatment of early breast cancer.Methods:From January 2014 to August 2019, a total of 80 patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ breast cancer underwent SIE-NSM, at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed and followed up. Estimated the oncologic safety, aesthetic outcome, and upper extremity function.Results:SIE-NSM was performed successfully on all 80 patients.There was no serious complication after surgery.The follow-up time was 16-82 months and the median follow-up time was 42 months. Local recurrence occurred in two patients, and there was no distant metastases. Four (5%) patients developed grade 1-3 nipple-areola complex ischemia. There were no cases of subcutaneous effusion.The satisfaction with breasts, chest well-being, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being scores were confirmed to be highly rated by Breast-Q scale. Upper extremity function score confirmed that good upper limb function was preserved after surgery. The mean length of incision was (3.6±0.8) cm, and the blood loss was (24.7±19.3) mL.Conclusions:SIE-NSM can achieve a higher cosmetic score and a better recovery of upper limb function on the premise of ensuring the safety of the tumor.This novel method is an appropriate surgical option for patients with early breast cancer.

11.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 522-528, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904323

ABSTRACT

@#In order to sustain prodigious anabolic needs, tumor cells need metabolic reprogramming that differs from untransformed somatic cells.Besides glucose metabolism in tumor, amino acid metabolism also plays an important role in tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion.It is an emerging trend in tumor energy metabolism research.The metabolic pathway of cysteine, a glucose-producing amino acid, involves a variety of enzymes and products, regulating physiological and pathological processes such as oxidative stress, energy metabolism, and autophagy.This article focuses on the exogenous transport and endogenous conversion pathways of cysteine in tumor cells, the various regulatory mechanisms of cysteine metabolism pathways on the occurrence and development of tumors, and the potential therapeutic targets based on cysteine metabolism pathways, which can provide a theoretical basis for clinical use of drugs against tumors.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 479-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886889

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of budesonide suspension for inhalation in the treatment of childhood asthma and its influence on growth and development in 1-2 years. Methods The 68 children with asthma admitted to our hospital from October 2016 to January 2017 were selected. Every patient had acute attacks and received continued medication. 34 patients treated with salbutamol sulfate inhaled aerosol were used as the control group. 34 patients treated with budesonide suspension combined with salbutamol sulfate aerosol were classified as the observation group. The interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), high-sensitivity-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), maximum respiratory flow, IS maximum expiratory volume, regulatory B cell ratio, wheezing disappearance time, shortness of breath relief time, wet rales disappearing time, cough disappearing time, and the two year follow-up indicators of growth and development were compared. Results After medication, IL-6, TNF-α, hs-CRP, regulatory B cell ratio, wheezing disappearance time, shortness of breath relief time, moist rales disappearance time, and cough disappearance time were lower in the observation group(P<0.05). The maximum respiratory flow and IS maximum expiratory volume in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The GH level, height, and weight obtained from two year follow up in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Budesonide suspension combined with salbutamol sulfate aerosol inhalation therapy can alleviate the inflammatory reaction, improve the lung function and immune function of children, and accelerate the disappearance of clinical symptoms, but it will affect the growth and development of children to a certain extent.

13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 254-258, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of long non-coding RNA LINC00630 in bladder cancer cell lines, and to explore the effect of interference with its expression in vitro on the proliferation and migration of bladder cancer cells.Methods:Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of LINC00630 in bladder cancer cell lines 5637, BIU-87, T24, J82 and normal bladder epithelial cell line SV-HUC-1. The bladder cancer cell line with the highest LINC00630 expression was selected for follow-up experiments, then the cell line infected with the control lentivirus was used as the control group, and the cell line infected with the lentivirus that could interfere with the expression of LINC00630 was used as the experimental group. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of LINC00630 in the two groups of cells. MTS method and cell scratch test were used to detect the proliferation and migration abilities of cells in the two groups. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of neuregulin 1 (NRG1) mRNA in the two groups of cells, and Western blot was used to detect the expressions of NRG1 protein, cell proliferation-related proteins (cyclin D3 and CDK2) and cell migration-related proteins (Vimentin and N-cadherin) in the two groups of cells.Results:Compared with SV-HUC-1 cells (1.05±0.17), the expression of LINC00630 was significantly increased in all bladder cancer cell lines (all P < 0.01), and the expression was highest in J82 cells (relative expression 5.83±0.42). Compared with J82 cells of the control group, the expression of LINC00630 in J82 cells of the experimental group decreased (0.18±0.02 vs. 1.00±0.05, t=14.36, P < 0.01); from day 2 of transfection, the cell proliferation activity of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group (all P < 0.05). The cell scratch closure rate of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group [(27.4±7.1)% vs. (66.0±5.4)%, t = 4.31, P < 0.01]. Therelative expression of NRG1 mRNA in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (0.34±0.03 vs. 1.07±0.24, t = 2.99, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions of NRG1 protein, cell proliferation-related proteins and cell migration-related proteins in the experimental group were reduced. Conclusions:LINC00630 is up-regulated in bladder cancer cell lines, and interference with LINC00630 may inhibit the proliferation and migration of J82 cells by down-regulating the expression of NRG1 gene. LINC00630 may be a new molecular target for the treatment of bladder cancer.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 93-97, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feature, diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis(AIP).Methods:Clinical data of 20 AIP patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Nineteen patients were diagnosed with type 1 AIP and 1 patient was with type 2 AIP. Fifteen patients were diagnosed by imaging, serology and other organ involvement, and 5 patients were confirmed by postoperative histopathology. Thirteen patients received glucocorticoid therapy. Five patients have not received glucocorticoid therapy after surgery.One patient refused treatment, and 1 patient is currently under clinical observation. Seventeen of the 20 patients were followed up, 11 patients were on glucocorticoid therapy with related clinical symptoms being gradually improved, serum IgG4 decreased and imaging findings improved. Five patients did not relapse after drug withdrawal. Three patients had recurrence of jaundice after drug withdrawal. One patient had recurrence of pancreatic lesions after drug withdrawal. Two patients had recurrence of high serum IgG4 after tapering the doses, these 6 patients were treated with steroid maintenance therapy. One patient died of repeated gastrointestinal bleeding 2 months later, and another 4 surgical patients and 1 patient under clinical observation are in good condition.Conclusions:AIP should be diagnosed in combination with clinical manifestations, serological examination, imaging examination and histopathology, especially focal lesions should be differentiated from pancreatic cancer, so as to avoid missed diagnosis and unnecessary surgical intervention.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 114-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the use of three-dimensional computer reconstruction in diagnosis and treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis of clinical data was conducted on patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma admitted to the Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China from January 1, 2017 to July 31, 2019. The classification of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, vascular invasion and surgical resectability were determined by preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction. These data were then compared with the findings obtained during operations, by comparing with the three-dimensional reconstruction technology findings in classification of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, vascular invasion, and hilar extent of biliary and vasculature involvement.Results:Of 65 patients included in this study, there were 35 males and 30 females, with an age of (60.35±10.70) years. After operation, these 65 patients were classified into type I ( n=7), type II ( n=4), type III ( n=14), and type IV ( n=40) using the Bismuth classification. The accuracy rates of preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction for hilar cholangiocarcinoma classification, portal vein invasion, hepatic artery invasion, and diagnosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma vasculature involvement were 90.7% (59/65), 90.7% (59/65), 86.1% (56/65) and 80.0% (52/65) respectively. Conclusions:The three-dimensional computer reconstruction technology could visually and accurately display the shape and spatial extent of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. It has an important clinical use in accurately diagnosing hilar cholangiocarcinoma preoperatively.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 668-673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of microRNA (miRNA, miR) -7850 in renal cancer tissues, and to explore the effect of miR-7850 on the proliferation and migration of renal cancer cells and on the regulation of serine proteinase inhibitor B3 (SERPINB3) gene expression.Methods:Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-7850 in renal cancer tissues and renal cancer cell lines. The renal cell carcinoma cell line with the lowest expression of miR-7850 was selected, and the negative control sequence (miR-NC) and miR-7850 mimics were transfected into renal cell carcinoma cells by Lipofectamine 2000 transfection reagent, respectively, which were defined as miR-NC group and miR-7850 group. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-7850 in transfected renal cancer cells. The cell proliferation and migration ability after transfection were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method and transwell experiment. Bioinformatics prediction and dual luciferase reporter gene experiments were used to verify the target gene of miR-7850. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of target genes in renal cancer cells after transfection.Results:Compared with adjacent tissues (5.95±0.44), the expression of miR-7850 in kidney cancer tissues (1.19±0.33) was lower ( P<0.01). Compared with immortalized proximal renal tubular epithelial cells (1.01±0.07), the expression of miR-7850 was lower in renal cancer cell lines ( P<0.05), and the lowest in A498 cells (0.13±0.01) ( P<0.01). The expression of miR-7850 in the miR-7850 group (7.46±0.93) was significantly higher than that in the miR-NC group (1.01±0.08) ( P<0.01), indicating successful transfection. Compared with the miR-NC group, the cell proliferation ability of the miR-7850 group was significantly reduced ( P<0.05). The number of migrating cells in miR-NC group and miR-7850 group were (139.50±12.31) and (75.09±16.05) cells, respectively, and the cell migration ability in miR-7850 group decreased significantly ( P<0.01). Bioinformatics technology shows that the target gene of miR-7850 was SERPINB3. The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment confirmed that miR-7850 can target the SERPINB3 gene ( P<0.05). Compared with the miR-NC group, the expression of SERPINB3 in cells of miR-7850 group was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), as well as the CDK4, CyclinD, Snail and Vimentin. Conclusions:miR-7850 is lowly expressed in renal cancer tissues and cell lines. miR-7850 can inhibit the proliferation and migration of renal cancer A498 cells, which may be related to its inhibition of SERPINB3 gene expression.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 622-625, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882631

ABSTRACT

Non-drug therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) mainly includes exercise therapy, such as Baduanjin and Taichi. Some TCM techniques adjunct toanti-hyperhension drugs show effectiveness with safety, such as moxibustion, acupuncture, acupoint application, auricular point application, massage, cupping, scraping, herbal tea, emotional therapy, and music therapy. In future, long-term follow-up of trials and standardization of research are needed. In the other way, in-depth research on patients with grade 3 hypertension and secondary hypertension is still needed.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 657-661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) BDNF-AS in kidney cancer tissues, and its effect on the proliferation and migration ability of kidney cancer cells and the molecular mechanism.Methods:Real-time reverse quantitative polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of BDNF-AS gene in renal cancer tissues, tumor-adjacent tissues of 67 renal cancer patients and normal renal tubular epithelial cells HK-2 and renal cancer cell lines A498, ACHN, OS-RC-2, Caki-1, 786-O in Huangshi Central Hospital of Edong Medical Group from May 2017 to July 2018. The kidney cancer cell line with the lowest expression of BDNF-AS was taken as the research object. Transient transfection with BDNF-AS overexpression plasmid was treated as the experiment group or a plasmid carrying meaningless sequences was treated as the control group. rRT-PCR was used to detect transfection efficiency. After the transfection with Caki-1 for 24 h, methythiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect the proliferation of cells in both groups, Transwell migration assay was applied to detect the cell migration ability, rRT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type G (PTPRG) mRNA and Western blot was used to detect the expression level of PI3K-AKT pathway related-proteins.Results:The relative expression level of BDNF-AS in kidney cancer tissues was lower than that in tumor-adjacent tissues (0.96±0.24 vs. 4.62±0.84, t = 41.76, P < 0.01). The relative expression of BDNF-AS in kidney cancer cell lines was lower than that in normal renal tubular epithelial cells HK-2 (all P < 0.05), and the relative expression in Caki-1 cells was the lowest (0.10±0.01). The relative expression of BDNF-AS in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group ( P < 0.01). From the second day of transfection, the proliferation ability of Caki-1 cells in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (all P < 0.05). The number of Caki-1 migrated cells in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group after migration for 15 h of Caki-1 cells transfected for 24 h [(51±8) vs. (192±25), t = 5.31, P < 0.01]. After 48 h transfection, the relative expression of PTPRG mRNA in Caki-1 cells ( P < 0.01) and protein expression of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group, the expression levels of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway related-proteins p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-Tpl2 in Caki-1 cells of the experimental group were lower than those of the control group. Conclusions:The expression of BDNF-AS is down-regulated in kidney cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of BDNF-AS can inhibit the proliferation and migration ability of kidney cancer Caki-1 cells. The molecular mechanism may be related to the transduction that BDNF-AS promotes PTPRG gene expression and interferes with PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 833-837, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the results of surgical treatment on post-pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage (PPH).Methods:The clinical data of 47 patients who developed PPH after pancreaticduodenectomy treated with surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2012 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The operative indications, bleeding site, intraoperative treatment and prognosis were analyzed.Results:There were 33 males and 14 females, aged 42 to 81 (mean 60) years. Early hemorrhage occurred in 17 patients and delayed hemorrhage in 30 patients. A total of 35 patients developed intraperitoneal hemorrhage, 7 gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 5 intraperitoneal combined with gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The indications for surgery were hemodynamic instability ( n=31) and other treatment failure ( n=10). In 17 patients (36.2%), hemorrhage was associated with blood vessels. In 14 patients (29.8%), hemorrhage was associated with anastomotic stoma, while in 6 patients (12.8%) with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, the bleeding was non-anastomotic related. Early hemorrhage was mainly vascular related, and the surgical treatment mainly consisted of suture hemostasis at the bleeding site combined with abdominal irrigation and drainage. Delayed hemorrhage was most commonly anastomotic associated, and its management should consider avoiding anastomotic fistula formation after treatment. The operation time of early hemorrhage was significantly shorter than that of delayed hemorrhage [(136.0±37.5) min vs. (191.1±73.8)min, t=-3.289, P<0.05]. The incidence of re-hemorrhage was 23.4% (11 patients) and 9 patients died with a mortality rate of 19.1%. The re-hemorrhage and mortality rates of early-stage bleeding were significantly lower than those of delayed bleeding [5.9%(1/17) vs. 33.3%(10/30), 0 vs. 30.0%(9/30), P<0.05]. Conclusions:Surgical treatment of early hemorrhage had better results than that of delayed bleeding. Patients with anastomotic related hemorrhage were at high-risks of postoperative death after surgery. Recurrent bleeding was the main cause of death.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1326-1330,1335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of microRNA (miRNA, miR)-1914-3p regulating the expression of ARL4C and affecting the invasion and proliferation of renal cancer cells.Methods:Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of miR-1914-3p in tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of 53 renal cancer patients, 4 types of renal cancer cell lines (ACHN, OS-RC-2, 786-O, A498) and normal proximal renal tubular epithelial cell line (HK-2). The nonsense sequence (NC) and miR-1914-3p mimic were transiently transfected into renal cancer cells with the lowest miR-1914-3p expression by liposome method, namely the NC group and miR-1914-3p group. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of miR-1914-3p in transfected cells. Transwell invasion test and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) were used to detect the invasion and proliferation ability of each group of cells. Bioinformatics software and dual luciferase gene report experiment were used to predict and test the targeted regulation mechanism of miR-1914-3p on target genes. qRT-PCR and Western blot was conducted to analyze the target gene expression level in cells of each group.Results:The expression level of miR-1914-3p in renal cancer tissue was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues ( P<0.01). The expression level of miR-1914-3p in renal cancer cell lines was significantly lower than that in HK-2 cell lines ( P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1914-3p in OS-RC-2 cells was the lowest ( P<0.01). The expression of miR-1914-3p in the NC group and the miR-1914-3p group were (1.04±0.17) and (11.40±0.91), respectively. The expression level of miR-1914-3p in the miR-1914-3p group was significantly increased ( P<0.01), indicating that the transfection was successful. Overexpression of miR-1914-3p can significantly inhibit the invasion ( P<0.01) and proliferation ( P<0.05) of renal cancer OS-RC-2 cells. Dual luciferase gene report experiment indicated that the target gene of miR-1914-3p may be ADP-ribosylation factor-like 4C (ARL4C); miR-1914-3p can significantly inhibit the luciferase activity of wild-type ARL4C-3′UTR ( P<0.01). Overexpression of miR-1914-3p decreased the expression of ARL4C mRNA and protein in OS-RC-2 cells ( P<0.01), and decreased the expression of cell invasion phenotype proteins (Snail, Slug) and cell proliferation phenotype proteins (Mcm2, Mcm7) ( P<0.01). Conclusions:miR-1914-3p is low-expressed in renal cell carcinoma. It inhibits the invasion and proliferation of renal cell carcinoma OS-RC-2 cells through targeted interference with the expression of the oncogene ARL4C, and participates in the occurrence and development of renal cell carcinoma.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL