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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929258

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most lethal cancer and leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. A key driver of CRC development is colon inflammatory responses especially in patients with inflammatory bowl disease (IBD). It has been proved that Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) have anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor effects. The chemopreventive and immunomodulatory functions of PNS on colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) have not been evaluated.This present study was designed to study the potential protective effects of PNS on AOM/DSS-induced CAC mice to explore the possible mechanism of PNS against CAC. Our study showed that PNS significantly alleviated colitis severity and prevented the occurrence of CAC. Functional assays revealed that PNS relieved immunosuppression of Treg cells in the CAC microenvironment by inhibiting the expression of IDO1 mediated directly by signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) rather than phosphorylated STAT1. Ultimately, Rh1, one of the PNS metabolites, exhibited the best inhibitory effect on IDO1 enzyme activity. Our study showed that PNS exerted significant chemopreventive function and immunomodulatory properties on CAC. It could reduce macrophages accumulation and Treg cells differentiation to reshape the immune microenvironment of CAC. These findings provided a promising approach for CAC intervention.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis/drug therapy , Colitis-Associated Neoplasms/drug therapy , Humans , Macrophages , Mice , Panax notoginseng , Saponins/therapeutic use , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected with Delta variant, so as to provide further references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A real-world study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of 166 COVID-19 patients infected with Delta variant at Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University.Results:The study enrolled 5 asymptomatic cases, 123 non-severe cases (mild and moderate type), and 38 severe cases (severe and critical type). Among these patients, 69 (41.6%) were male and 97 (58.4%) were female, with a mean age of 47.0±23.5 years. Thirty-nine cases (23.5%) had received 1 or 2 doses of inactivated vaccine. The incidence of severe COVID-19 cases was 7.7% in 2-doses vaccinated patients, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients. The proportion of severe cases in 2 dose-vaccinated patients was 7.7%, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose vaccinated patients and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The most common clinical symptom was fever (134 cases, 83.2%), and 39.1% of cases presented with high-grade fever (≥39 °C); other symptoms were cough, sputum, fatigue, and xerostomia. The proportion of fever in severe cases was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (97.4% vs. 76.4%, P<0.01). Similarly, the proportion of severe cases with high peak temperature (≥39 ℃) () was also higher than that of non-severe cases (65.8% vs. 30.9%, P<0.01). The median minimal Cycle threshold (Ct) values of viral nucleic acid N gene and ORFlab gene were 20.3 and 21.5, respectively, and the minimum Ct values were 11.9 and 13.5, respectively. Within 48 h of admission, 9.0% of cases presented with decreased white blood cell counts, and 52.4% with decreased lymphocyte counts. The proportions of increased C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 were 32.5%, 57.4%, 65.3%, and 35.7%, respectively. The proportions of elevated C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A and interleukin-6 in severe cases were significantly higher than those in non-severe cases ( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age and higher peak temperature were associated with a higher likelihood of severe cases ( OR>3, 95% CI: 2-7, P<0.01). In terms of treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was used in 97.6% of non-severe cases and 100% in severe cases. Other treatments included respiratory and nutritional support, immunotherapy (such as neutralizing antibodies and plasma of recovered patients). The median times from admission to progression to severe cases, of fever clearance, and of nucleic acid conversion were 5 days, 6 days and 19 days, respectively. No deaths were reported within 28 days. Conclusions:The symptoms of Delta variant infection in Guangzhou are characterized by a high proportion of fever, high peak temperature, long duration of fever, high viral load, a long time to nucleic acid conversion, and a high incidence of severe cases. The severe cases exhibit a higher percentage of elderly patients, a longer duration of fever and have a higher fever rate and a higher hyperthermia rate than non-severe cases. Age and hyperthermia are independent risk factors for progression to severe disease. The combination of TCM and Western medicine can control the progression of the disease effectively.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907313

ABSTRACT

As a clinical syndrome involving multiple systems, plastic bronchitis(PB)raises a widely interest among researchers due to its complex etiology and unclear pathogenesis.It is currently believed that PB is related to bronchial asthma, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease and respiratory tract infection.The main characteristic of PB is the formation of dendritic casts in the bronchus, causing local or extensive obstruction, acute dyspnea, even respiratory failure, and death.Besides, the lack of effective management may result in recurrent respiratory infection, seriously affecting children′s quality of life.The disease is rare in pediatrics, and its clinical and imaging manifestations have no specificity, which can easily lead to misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.Hence, it is extremely important for early diagnosis and timely removal of plastic substances blocking the airway.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2850-2856, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921172

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Central nervous system (CNS) symptoms after efavirenz (EFV) treatment in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) could persist and impact their quality of life. We assessed the impact of EFV-based regimen replacement with elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF), which is considered an alternative option for subjects who do not tolerate EFV. Most specifically, we assessed the safety and the efficacy of E/C/F/TAF and its effects on the participants' neuropsychiatric toxicity symptoms in a real-life setting.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort study was conducted among virologic suppressed HIV-positive participants receiving EFV-based regimens with ongoing CNS toxicity ≥ grade 2. The participants were switched to single-pill combination regimens E/C/F/TAF and followed up for 48 weeks. The neuropsychiatric toxicity symptoms were measured using a CNS side effects questionnaire, as well as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of participants experiencing grade 2 or higher CNS toxicity after EFV switch off at weeks 12, 24, and 48. Secondary endpoints included virologic and immunological responses and the effect on fasting lipids at week 48 after switch.@*RESULTS@#One hundred ninety-six participants (96.9% men, median age: 37.5 years, median: 3.7 years on prior EFV-containing regimens) were included in the study. Significant improvements in anxiety and sleep disturbance symptoms were observed at 12, 24, and 48 weeks after switching to E/C/F/TAF (P < 0.05). No significant change in depression symptom scores was observed. At 48 weeks after switch, HIV viral load <50 copies/mL was maintained in all of the participants, median fasting lipid levels were moderately increased (total cholesterol [TC]: 8.2 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]: 8.5 mg/dL, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C]: 2.9 mg/dL, and triglyceride (TG): 1.6 mg/dL, and the TC:HDL-C ratio remained stable.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The single-pill combination regimens E/C/F/TAF is safe and well tolerated. This study reveals that switching from EFV to E/C/F/TAF significantly reduces neuropsychiatric toxicity symptoms in people living with HIV with grade 2 or higher CNS complaints.


Subject(s)
Adenine/therapeutic use , Adult , Alanine , Alkynes , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Benzoxazines , Central Nervous System , Cobicistat/therapeutic use , Cyclopropanes , Drug Combinations , Emtricitabine/therapeutic use , Female , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Quinolones , Sleep Quality , Tenofovir/analogs & derivatives
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1117-1120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fasudil on vasospasm caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage in elderly patients.Methods:A total of 100 elderly patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage admitted to our hospital from January 2015 to May 2018 were enrolled as research objects.They were randomly divided into the Fasudil group(n=50, receiving the Rho kinase inhibitor Fasudil therapy)and the Nimodipine group(n=50, receiving Nimodipine therapy). The cerebral vasospasm and cerebral infarction lesions, the ability of daily life, clinical prognostic score, the incidence of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm and adverse reactions during treatment were evaluated and compared between the two groups.Results:After treatment, the incidences of cerebral vasospasm and cerebral infarction in Fasudil group were 2.04%(1/49)and 6.12%(3/49), respectively, which were lower than those in the Nimodipine group[12.50%(6/48)and 20.83%(10/48), respectively]( χ2=6.134 and 6.794, P=0.047 and 0.033). The scores of daily living ability was better in the Fasudil group than in the Nimodipine group(16.09±1.06 vs.22.91±1.66, t=7.721, P=0.026). The incidence of adverse reactions was lower in the Fasudil group than in the Nimodipine group(4.08% or 2/49 vs.16.7% or 8/48, χ2=6.362, P=0.040). There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of patients with good prognosis between Fasudil group and Nimodipine group. Conclusions:Rho kinase inhibitor Fasudil can effectively prevent and improve cerebral vasospasm caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is beneficial for improving the clinical prognosis and quality of life of the elderly patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1512-1515, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904588

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe bullying victimization of middle school students in Dalian and associated factors, so as to provide scientific basis for campus bullying prevention.@*Methods@#The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 2 540 middle school students from urban and rural areas in Dalian, who were investigated with campus bullying victimization and related factors.@*Results@#The reported rate of campus bullying victimization among middle school students in Dalian was 25.11%. The rates of physical violence (5.99%, 3.66%) and verbal violence(24.93%, 15.87%) of male students were higher than that of female students( χ 2=6.56, 27.94, P <0.05). The rates of verbal violence (22.84%, 16.25%) and emotional neglect(16.84%, 13.18%) of junior high school students were higher than those of high school students( χ 2=14.21, 5.44, P < 0.05 ). The rates of physical violence(6.07%, 3.55%), verbal violence(24.58%, 16.05%) and emotional neglect(18.88%, 12.06 %) of rural students were higher than those of urban students( χ 2=7.72, 24.81, 19.64, P <0.05). Male students, junior high school students and rural students suffered more severe campus bullying than female students, high school students and urban students( Z =3.46, 3.75, 5.89, P <0.01). The structural equation model showed that academic performance (path coefficient -0.003) and father s education (path coefficient -0.004 ) have a direct negative effect on campus bullying behavior, while mother s education (indirect action coefficient -0.000 8), height(indirect action coefficient -0.000 3), father s education (indirect action coefficient -0.000 3) and weight (indirect action coefficient 0.000 2) indirect effects on campus bullying through academic performance.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of campus bullying victimization among middle school students in Dalian is relatively high, which worths further attention to. Rural students, junior high school students and boys are more likely to suffer campus bullying. Improving academic performance might be beneficial for campus bullying prevention.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1063-1069, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886991

ABSTRACT

Abnormal aggregation of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in brain plays a vital role in the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hence, inhibiting Aβ aggregation is one major tactic for therapy of AD. Previous studies have found that tolcapone can inhibit Aβ42 aggregation and reduce the cytotoxicity induced by Aβ42 aggregates, but clinical studies have found that tolcapone has strong liver toxicity. To reduce the liver toxicity of tolcapone, its side chain structure was modified to obtain its derivative phenethyl (E)-2-cyano-3-(3,4 dihydroxy-5-nitrobenzene)-acrylate (PCDNA). Thioflavin T (ThT) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) assays were used to explore the inhibitory effect of PCDNA on Aβ42 fibrillogenesis. The cytotoxicity assays were used to explore the inhibitory effect of PCDNA against the cytotoxicity induced by Aβ42 aggregates. In addition, the depolymerization effect of PCDNA on mature Aβ42 fibrils was also explored. Finally, molecular docking was used to explore the interaction between PCDNA and Aβ42 pentamer. These results lay the foundation for the study of the structural analogues of tolcapone as Aβ inhibitors.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881402

ABSTRACT

@#The transcription factor c-Myc regulates the proliferation, differentiation, metabolism and other key processes of normal cells extensively.The unleashed MYC oncogene frequently produces abundant c-Myc protein, which directly regulates the gene expression of key metabolic enzymes, or tumor-related metabolic pathways by inhibiting microRNA, leading to abnormal metabolism characterized by heightened nutrients uptake, enhanced glycolysis and glutaminolysis, and elevated fatty acid and nucleotide synthesis.This paper briefly summarizes how c-Myc regulated metabolism on glycolysis, glutamine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, lipid metabolism and nucleotide synthesis in cancer cell,which provides some theoretical reference for the development of antitumor targets and drugs involving c-Myc.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872805

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of different packaging methods and storage conditions on the quality of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces, in order to determine the optimal packaging method and suitable storage conditions for Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces. Method::Different packaged Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces were stored in different environments in a one-year long-term stability experiment. The appearance, water content, extract content and volatile oil content of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces were regularly observed. Result::During the 1-year storage period, the Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces under different packaging and storage conditions showed different degrees of quality changes. Among them, the samples packed in polyethylene plastic bags and polyethylene aluminum foil composite bags were better preserved. The fluctuations in water content of the sample packed in polyethylene plastic bags were relatively low, and the RSD value of water content during the month was less than 11.5%. The extracts and volatile oil contents of each sample were reduced to different degree, but the samples packed in plastic sealed bags and protected from light had the smallest annual loss of extracts (1.27%), with the lowest monthly loss rate of volatile oil (0.08%). Conclusion::The quality of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces can be well preserved in plastic sealed bags and storage in dark and cool conditions, which is suitable for the storage of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787706

ABSTRACT

To understand the awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in residents aged 35-75 years in eastern China, analyze the treatment mode for antihypertensive agents while identifying those factors affecting awareness, treatment and control. The data collected in eastern China from the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) Million Persons Project were used to obtain the information about the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in the residents and the antihypertensive medication treatment mode in this area. Multilevel mixed-effects model was used to explore the association of the demographic characteristics of hypertension patients with the rates of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. A total of 640 539 participants aged 35-75 years, mean age (56.9±9.6) years, were included in the analysis, women accounted for 59.7 and 318 741 (49.8) of the participants suffered from hypertension. Among those hypertensive patients, 46.5 were aware of their condition, 38.1 were taking prescribed antihypertensive medications, and 11.1 had achieved the control of hypertension, the differences were significant among provinces, between urban area and rural area and among different demographical groups. Calcium-channel blockers was the most commonly used medication (45.1), and 78 735 hypertension patients (86.2) took only one type of medication. Older age, higher household income, higher level of education, and histories of myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes were associated with higher awareness, treatment and control of hypertension (<0.05). The rates of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension were low in residents in eastern China. The differences in hypertension management were significant among provinces and between urban area and rural area. Further efforts are needed to enhance the system of hypertension prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of escin in relieving chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathic pain in rats and explore and the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Eighteen SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (@*RESULTS@#The rats in both the escin preconditioning group and escin postconditioning group showed obviously increased thresholds of mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia as compared with those in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Escin can alleviate chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathic pain in rats possibly by upregulating the expressions of autophagy-related proteins in the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Autophagy , Escin/therapeutic use , Hyperalgesia/drug therapy , Mice , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837616

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of the integrated echinococcosis control program in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from 2011 to 2018. MethodsA package of integrated interventions were employed for echinococcosis control in 22 counties (districts) of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from 2011 to 2018, including screening of human echinococcosis, treatment of echinococcosis patients, deworming of domestic dogs and monitoring of infections, surveillance of echinococcosis in bovines and sheep, health education. The detection of human echinococcosis, seroprevalence of anti-Echinococcus antibody in children at ages of 6 to 12 years, the Echinococcus coproantigen-positive rate in domestic dogs, prevalence of echinococcosis in bovines and sheep, and the awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge were investigated and compared during the period between 2011 and 2018. Results The detection of human echinococcosis appeared a decline tendency in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region over years during the period from 2011 to 2018 (χ2trend = 82.22, P < 0.05), and the prevalence of human echinococcosis decreased from 0.31% in 2011 to 0.15% in 2018. The seroprevalence of anti-Echinococcus antibody appeared a decline tendency in children at ages of 6 to 12 years over years (χ2trend = 439.64, P < 0.01), and the prevalence of anti-Echinococcus antibody decreased from 6.12% in 2011 to 0.67% in 2018. The Echinococcus coproantigen-positive rate appeared a decline tendency in domestic dogs over years (χ2trend = 260.33, P < 0.05), and the prevalence of anti-Echinococcus antibody decreased from 7.11% in 2011 to 0.75% in 2018. The prevalence of bovine and sheep echinococcosis reduced from 3.26% and 5.08% in 2011 to 1.35% and 0.76% in 2018, and Echinococcus predominantly parasitized in bovine (92.00%) and sheep (93.94%) livers. A total of 63 stool samples were collected from red fox, wolf and badger in Xiji and Haiyuan counties of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in 2013 and 2014, with no Echinococcus coproantigen-positives detected, and 107 domestic cats and 3 domestic dogs were dissected in these two counties, with no Echinococcus found. A total of 6 046 wild mice were dissected in Xiji County, Yuanzhou District and Haiyuan County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence of E. multilocularis was 0.31%. The awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge appeared an increasing tendency in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region over years from 2011 to 2018 (χ2trend = 3 367.97, P < 0.01), and the awareness increased from 21.83% in 2011 to 72.24% in 2018. Conclusions The integrated echinococcosis control program achieves a remarkable effect in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and the transmission of echinococcosis has been preliminarily controlled. However, the echinococcosis transmission risk remains in few regions, and the integrated echinococcosis control program remains to be reinforced.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804541

ABSTRACT

@#O-GlcNAcylation is the addition of a single N-acetylglucosamine(GlcNAc)moiety to the hydroxyl groups of serine or threonine residues of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. The transcription factors, kinases of the metabolic pathways and some cytoplasmic enzymes can be O-GlcNAcylated to affect cell transcription, signal transduction, cell metabolism and other biological functions. Abnormal glucose metabolism of tumors has been a hotspot in the research field of tumor pathogenesis and therapeutic targets recently. O-GlcNAclation regulates the glucose metabolism of tumor by affecting the activity of kinases in the metabolic pathway, which is closely associated with the abnormal glucose metabolism of tumor. The abnormal O-GlcNAcylation is one of the potential reasons of cancer. In this review, in order to provide a theoretical reference for developing anti-tumor targets and drugs targeting O-GlcNAc modification, we briefly summarized how O-GlcNAcylation regulated glucose metabolism on glucose metabolism, glucose uptake, glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle in cancer cell.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and safety of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) combined with double pulse therapy with methylprednisolone (MP) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with severe Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with severe HSPN who were admitted to the hospital from January 2014 to March 2018 were enrolled and were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group (n=30 each). In addition to routine treatment, the children in the control group were given MP+CTX pulse therapy. Those in the observation group were given DFPP treatment in addition to the treatment in the control group, with three courses of treatment in total. After three courses of treatment, the two groups were compared in terms of 24-hour urinary protein, urinary microproteins, renal function parameters, adverse reactions, and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#After three courses of treatment, the observation group had significantly greater reductions in 24-hour urinary protein, urinary albumin, urinary immunoglobulin G, urinary β2-microglobulin, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen than the control group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with MP+CTX pulse therapy alone in the treatment of severe HSPN in children, DFPP combined with MP+CTX pulse therapy can further alleviate renal injury and improve clinical outcome and does not increase the incidence rate of adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Nephritis , Plasmapheresis , IgA Vasculitis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774172

ABSTRACT

Methods for achieving diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) based on speech data mining have been proven effective in recent years. However, due to factors such as the degree of disease of the data collection subjects and the collection equipment and environment, there are different categories of sample aliasing in the sample space of the acquired data set. Samples in the aliased area are difficult to be identified effectively, which seriously affects the classification accuracy of the algorithm. In order to solve this problem, a partition bagging ensemble learning is proposed in this article, which measures the aliasing degree of the sample by designing the the ratio of sample centroid distance metrics and divides the training set into multiple subsets. And then the method of transfer training of misclassified samples is used to adjust the results of subset partitioning. Finally, the optimized weights of each sub-classifier are used to integrate the test results. The experimental results show that the classification accuracy of the proposed method is significantly improved on two public datasets and the increasement of mean accuracy is up to 25.44%. This method not only effectively improves the classification accuracy of PD speech dataset, but also increases the sample utilization rate, providing a new idea for the diagnosis of PD.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Data Mining , Humans , Machine Learning , Parkinson Disease , Diagnosis , Speech
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696182

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different pre-enrichment methods on flow cytometry cell sorting of monocyte.Methods Peripheral blood of 15 volunteers were pre-enriched by three methods:erythrocyte lysis,hydroxyethyl starch sedimentation,density gradient centrifugation using Ficoll.Cell viability was detected by Trypan blue staining.The amount and the proportion of monocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry.Results The cell viability of the samples prepared by the 3 methods was above 95 %.There was no significant difference between the absolute count and grouping of monocytes in erythrocytes lysis and without pre-enrichment samples.The cell subgroup was not obvious by hydroxyethyl starch sedimentation.The number of monocytes obtained by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation was significantly lower than that without pre-enrichment samples.Conclusion Erythrocyte lysis was a high efficient method for monocytes flow cytometry cell sor ting.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694527

ABSTRACT

Objective Through the screening of candidate pathogenic gene among family members of a family with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Yuxi, Yunnan Province, the study is designed to analyze the relationship between genotype and phenotype and to provide an important theoretical basis for the research of molecular genetic mechanism, early screening and early intervention of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods A detailed medical history was collected and physical examination and routine twelve lead electrocardiogram and cardiac ultrasonography examination were performed among the family members. The peripheral venous blood samples were collected for genetic testing. The genetic map was drawn and the genetic characteristics, genotype and clinical phenotype were analyzed. Results In this family, the dominant inheritance mode of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is X- linked dominant inheritance. Candidate genes screening showed that a missense mutation was found in the GLA, ZFPM2, SCN5A genes and the translated amino acids were changed. Conclusion X- linked dominant inheritance is the main genetic mode of HCM in this family. GLA c.167G>A (p. Cys56Tyr) heterozygous or hemizygous missense mutation may be the major pathogenic mutation in this family with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The clinical significance of ZFPM2 c.1332G> C (p.Lys444Asn) heterozygous missense mutation and SCN5A c.5216G>A (p.Arg1739Gln) heterozygous missense mutation in this family is undetermined.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694516

ABSTRACT

Gene silencing is a phenomenon in which the specific genes in organisms are not expressed or reduced for various reasons. It is an important mechanism to control gene expression by epigenetic control. At present, scientists intend to explore the treatment of difficult diseases through gene silencing technology,and the research has become a hot spot. With the rapid development of gene engineering, gene silencing technology has been replaced by new technologies. This paper aims to introduce the ribozyme technology, antisense oligonucleic acid technology, gene knockout,RNA interference technology and their applications in gene silencing technology.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688028

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed to explore the effects of concentrate growth factor extracts (CGFe) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Concentrate growth factor (CGF) were prepared from the peripheral blood of healthy donors, followed by CGFe. Four groups were designed based on cell culture medium, as follows: 2%CGFe, 5%CGFe, 10%CGFe, and control. The proliferation activity of HUVECs was detected by cell cycle and CCK-8 assays. The migration of HUVECs was detected by scratch assay. The mRNA expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) were examined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Results of CCK-8 and cell cycle assays showed that CGFe promoted the proliferation capability of HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner, and the data had statistical significance among four groups (P<
0.05). The cell migration assay indicated that CGF accelerated wound closure in a dose-dependent manner after 12 h of culture (P<0.05). The results of qRT-PCR showed that CGF upregulated the expression levels of VEGF, CXCR4, and PDGF in HUVECs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CGFe can promote the proliferation, migration, and angiogenic differentiation of HUVECs. Thus, CGF might be an appropriate cure for dental pulp revascularization.</p>

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 398-400, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709267

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness and safety of intravenous immunoglobulin combined with oral glucocorticoid in the treatment of myasthenia gravis in elderly patients.Methods A total of 235 elderly patients diagnosed as myasthenia gravis in our hospital were enrolled in our study from January 2012 to December 2016,and randomly divided into observation group (intravenous immunoglobulin combined with oral glucocorticoid n =118) and control group (oral glucocorticoid only,n =117).The clinical curative effect,immune function index,QMG scale,symptom remission time,length of hospitalization,and adverse reactions in both groups were recorded and analyzed after two-week treatment.Results The total effective rate was significantly higher in observation group (106/117,90.6%) than in control group (84/118,71.2%) (x2=5.621,P=0.000).The levels of serum IgG1,IgG3,and complement C3 were significantly higher in observation group than in control group (P <0.05).The QMG scale,symptom remission time,and length of hospitalization were lower in observation group [(9.2 ± 4.0) score,(6.2 ± 1.6) d,(14.4 ± 3.3) d]than in the control group [(13.4 ± 6.1) score,(11.6 ± 2.4) d,(25.1 ± 4.8) d] (t =6.158,19.797,and 20.078,P=0.000,0.002 and 0.009).No serious adverse reaction was observed in both groups.Conclusions The combined therapies of intravenous immunoglobulin and oral glucocorticoid for myasthenia gravis in the elderly have remarkable effectiveness.It is close to an ideal treatment because it effectively inhibits a disease progression in time,regulates an immune function,and shortens a hospitalization time.

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