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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 338-349, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive type of breast cancer associated with poor prognosis and limited treatment options. The androgen receptor (AR) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for luminal androgen receptor (LAR) TNBC. However, multiple studies have claimed that anti-androgen therapy for AR-positive TNBC only has limited clinical benefits. This study aimed to investigate the role of AR in TNBC and its detailed mechanism.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry and TNBC tissue sections were applied to investigate AR and nectin cell adhesion molecule 4 (NECTIN4) expression in TNBC tissues. Then, in vitro and in vivo assays were used to explore the function of AR and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) in TNBC. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq), co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP), molecular docking method, and luciferase reporter assay were performed to identify key molecules that affect the function of AR.@*RESULTS@#Based on the TNBC tissue array analysis, we revealed that ERβ and AR were positive in 21.92% (32/146) and 24.66% (36/146) of 146 TNBC samples, respectively, and about 13.70% (20/146) of TNBC patients were ERβ positive and AR positive. We further demonstrated the pro-tumoral effects of AR on TNBC cells, however, the oncogenic biology was significantly suppressed when ERβ transfection in LAR TNBC cell lines but not in AR-negative TNBC. Mechanistically, we identified that NECTIN4 promoter -42 bp to -28 bp was an AR response element, and that ERβ interacted with AR thus impeding the AR-mediated NECTIN4 transcription which promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition in tumor progression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study suggests that ERβ functions as a suppressor mediating the effect of AR in TNBC prognosis and cell proliferation. Therefore, our current research facilitates a better understanding of the role and mechanisms of AR in TNBC carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Androgens/therapeutic use , Estrogen Receptor beta/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/therapeutic use , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Molecular Docking Simulation , Cell Line, Tumor
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 350-358, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016659

ABSTRACT

Due to the high similarity with the lipid layer between human skin keratinocytes, functional cosmetics with layered liquid crystal structure prepared by liquid crystal emulsification technology encapsulating natural active substances have become a hot research topic in recent years. This type of functional cosmetic often has a fresh and natural skin feel, excellent skin barrier repair function and efficient moisturizing effect, etc., showing great potential in cosmetic application. However, the present research on the application of liquid crystal emulsification technology to functional cosmetics is still in the initial stage, and there are fewer relevant reports with reference values. Based on the mentioned above, this review provides a comprehensive summary of functional cosmetics with layered liquid crystal structures prepared by liquid crystal emulsification technology from the following aspects: the structure of human skin, the composition of lamellar liquid crystal, the advantages of liquid crystal emulsification technology containing natural active substances used in the field of functional cosmetics, the preparation process, main components, influencing factors during the preparation and the market functional cosmetics with lamellar liquid crystal structure. Finally, the prospect of the application of liquid crystal emulsification technology in functional cosmetics is presented, to provide useful references for those engaged in the research of liquid crystal emulsification technology-related functional cosmetics.

3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1166-1170, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514353

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Sex determination of unknown persons plays an important role in forensic science. As most bones used for sex determination are recovered in incomplete state, it is often necessary to use bones that are recovered intact e.g., the sphenoid sinus. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of sphenoid sinuses dimensions for sex determination using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images in Chinese adults. MRI images of 79 sphenoid sinuses (from 44 men and 35 women) were retrospectively selected. The height, anterior-posterior diameter, area, and perimeter were measured in the midsagittal view of the sphenoid sinuses. All data were subjected to descriptive and discriminative functional analysis with unpaired t-test and canonical discriminant. Comparison between male and female groups showed significant statistical differences regarding the height, anterior-posterior diameter, area, and perimeter of sphenoid sinuses. The predictive accuracy rate of the sphenoid sinus to identify sex was 63.6 % in males and 62.9 % in females with an overall accuracy of 63.3 %. This study proposed the importance of sexual dimorphism of sphenoid sinus dimensions, especially if other methods are not available. It suggested using MRI in forensics science thus obviating the complete dependence on the usage of conventional computed tomography (CT) and facilitating the study of forensic anatomy at the level of soft tissue.


La determinación del sexo de personas desconocidas juega un papel importante en la ciencia forense. Como la mayoría de los huesos utilizados para la determinación del sexo se recuperan en un estado incompleto, a menudo es necesario utilizar huesos recuperados intactos, por ejemplo, el seno esfenoidal. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el valor diagnóstico de las dimensiones de los senos esfenoidales para la determinación del sexo utilizando imágenes de resonancia magnética en individuos adultos chinos. Se seleccionaron retrospectivamente imágenes de resonancia magnética de 79 senos esfenoidales (de 44 hombres y 35 mujeres). La altura, el diámetro anteroposterior, el área y el perímetro de los senos esfenoidales, se midieron en vista mediana sagital. Todos los datos se sometieron a análisis funcional descriptivo y discriminativo con prueba t no pareada y discriminante canónico. La comparación entre los grupos de hombres y mujeres mostró diferencias estadísticas significativas en cuanto a la altura, el diámetro anteroposterior, el área y el perímetro de los senos esfenoidales. La tasa de precisión predictiva del seno esfenoidal para identificar el sexo fue del 63,6 % en hombres y del 62,9 % en mujeres, con una precisión general del 63,3 %. Este estudio propuso la importancia del dimorfismo sexual de las dimensiones del seno esfenoidal, especialmente si no se dispone de otros métodos. Se sugiere utilizar la resonancia magnética en la ciencia forense, obviando así la dependencia total del uso de la tomografía computarizada convencional y facilitando con esto el estudio de la anatomía forense a nivel de los tejidos blandos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sphenoid Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sex Determination by Skeleton/methods , Sphenoid Sinus/anatomy & histology , Discriminant Analysis , Prospective Studies , Sex Characteristics , Forensic Sciences
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1532-1536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand campus bullying in colleges and middle schools in Tibet, and to analyze related influencing factors, so as to provide reliable basis and reference for formulating targeted intervention measures.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster sampling method was used to investigate the status and influencing factors of being bullied by questionnaire among 3 875 college and middle school students in Ngari, Qamdo, Lhasa, Nagqu and Xigaze of Tibet, from September to November 2019. Chi-square test and Logistic regression method were used for data analysis.@*Results@#The report rate of campus bullying among college and middle school students in Tibet was 5.50%; 4.35% for girls and 6.76% for boys;8.81% for college students, 1.64% for senior high school students and 5.94% for junior high school students. The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that smoking ( OR =1.71), Internet addiction ( OR =3.82), depression ( OR =3.84), obesity ( OR =2.02), single parent family ( OR = 1.67 ) and reorganized family ( OR =3.74) were positively correlated with campus bullying ( P <0.05). Girls ( OR =0.66) and senior high school ( OR =0.28) were negatively correlated with campus bullying ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Campus bullying is related to campus environment, family type, behaviors and life styles, etc. Efforts should be committed to build a caring campus culture and a good family moral education environment, in order to reduce the incidence of campus bullying and associated adverse effects.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 170-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996543

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanisms of work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE) between job demands and subjective well-being (SWB) among nurses. Methods: A total of 1 420 nurses were selected as the study subjects from five tertiary public hospitals in Shandong Province using two-stage sampling method. Job Demands-Resources Scale, Work-Family Relationship Scale and General Well-Being Scale were used for investigating the job demands, job resources, WFC, WFE, and SWB. Results: The average score of SWB in nurses was (75.5±15.1). Job demands had a negative effect on SWB in nurses (standardized regression coefficient=-0.17, P<0.01). WFC and WFE played parallel mediating roles in the relationship between job demands and SWB, with the mediating effect values of -0.29 and -0.07, respectively (both P<0.01). The interaction of job resources and job demands positively affected WFC (standardized regression coefficient<0.01, P<0.01). Conclusion: Job demands affect SWB through the mediating roles of WFC and WFE, and the impact of job demands on WFC is moderated by job resources. The effect of job demands on WFC is relatively strong in nurses with high levels of job resources, but the difference in the effect of high and low levels of job resources is small.

6.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 608-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993706

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and its influencing factors in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy in China.Methods:The databases such as CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science and Embase were searched with retrieval terms of breast cancer, breast tumor, chemotherapy, depressive symptom, mental health, melancholia, Chinese, etc for the literature related to the prevalence of depressive symptoms in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy in China. Relevant literature from the establishment of the databases to August 2022 were retrieved. Two researchers screened the literature independently, extracted data and evaluated the risk of bias in the included studies, and prevalence of depressive symptoms and its influencing factors in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy in China were systematically evaluated by using RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.1 software.Results:A total of 18 studies were included, including 2 678 subjects. Meta-analysis results showed that the prevalence of depressive symptom in breast cancer patients in China was 51.60% (95% CI: 44.10%-55.10%). The results of subgroup analysis showed that age ( OR=2.55, 95% CI: 1.26-5.14), educational level ( OR=2.01, 95% CI: 1.01-3.98), marital status ( OR=0.50, 95% CI: 0.29-0.86), occupational status ( OR=3.29, 95% CI: 1.04-10.46), clinical staging ( OR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.22-0.46) and frequency of chemotherapy ( OR=0.39, 95% CI: 0.17-0.86) were the influencing factors of depressive symptoms in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy in China (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The prevalence of depressive symptoms in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy in China is high. Breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who are under 50 years old, having a high school education or lower, are not married, currently employed, and in clinical stage 3-4 and receiving more than 4 chemotherapy cycles are more likely to experience depressive symptoms.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the association between different obesity-related indices and vitamin D deficiency in middle-aged and elderly population dwelled in Lanzhou city.Methods:From May, 2011 to September, 2012, middle-aged and elderly individuals with complete baseline data were included via randomly cluster sampling from 3 communities in Lanzhou. The subjects were divided into 4 subgroups by vitamin D levels and various obesity-related indices were compared across subgroups with the same gender. The relationship between the obesity-related indices and the severity of vitamin D deficiency was analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis, and the effects of different obesity-related indices on the severity of vitamin D deficiency was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:A total of 9 437 residents were included. The overall prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 97.7%. Compared with the group with lower vitamin D level, participants in the group with higher vitamin D level showed evidently lower body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), lipid accumulation product (LAP), visceral adiposity index (VAI) and triglyceride/ high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio in the total population and females, while only WC, LAP, VAI and TG/HDL-C in the males (all P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that BMI, WC, LAP, VAI and TG/HDL-C were positively correlated with the severity of vitamin D deficiency in the total population and the females, while only LAP, VAI and TG/HDL-C in the males (all P<0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher levels of these obesity related indices were correlated with more severe vitamin D deficiency in the total population and the females, while only higher LAP, VAI and TG/HDL-C in the males (all P<0.05). The effects of higher LAP was the most prominant in the total population ,the females and the males. Conclusion:Various obesity phenotypes are closely related to vitamin D deficiency in middle-aged and elderly women, while only visceral obesity and abnormal lipid metabolism are related to vitamin D deficiency in middle-aged and elderly men, with LAP being the most important influencing factor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 600-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of modified postauricular transverse incision and traditional vertical incision for microvascular decompression in the treatment of hemifacial spasm.Methods:Prospective study method was used. A total of 116 patients with hemifacial spasm in Handan Central Hospital from January 1, 2019 to January 1, 2020 were selected, and divided into two groups according to the admission order. Both groups underwent microvascular decompression; control group (57 cases) received traditional vertical incision, while treatment group (59 cases) received modified postauricular transverse incision. The brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP), pain degree, surgical indicators, facial aesthetic satisfaction and complications were compared between two groups.Results:After treatment, the BAEP of latency, wave interval and wave amplitude in the two groups increased compared with that before treatment, and the BAEP of latency, wave interval and wave amplitude in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group: (1.89 ± 0.15) ms vs. (1.62 ± 0.21) ms, (7.89 ± 0.15) ms vs. (6.25 ± 0.41) ms, (1.79 ± 0.19) ms vs. (1.54 ± 0.11) ms ( P<0.05). After treatment, the visual analogue score (VAS) of patients in the two groups decreased compared with that before treatment, and the VAS of patients in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group: (1.15 ± 0.27) points vs. (2.18 ± 0.24) points ( P<0.05). The operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume and postoperative scar length of patients in the treatment group were less than those in the control group: (60.41 ± 3.81) h vs. (76.87 ± 3.87) h, (30.18 ± 4.19) ml vs. (56.87 ± 4.15) ml and (4.18 ± 1.07) cm vs. (6.87 ± 1.05) cm ( P<0.05). The satisfaction rate of patients in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group: 91.53% (54/59) vs. 71.93% (41/57) ( P<0.05). The complication rate of patients in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group: 5.08% (3/59) vs. 21.05% (12/57) ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with traditional vertical incision, the modified transverse incision for microvascular decompression in the treatment of hemifacial spasm can reduce intraoperative blood loss and postoperative scar area, enhance brainstem auditory evoked potential, and improve facial aesthetics, which is worthy of recommendation.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3715-3721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004657

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to prepare silk fibroin nanoparticles (SF-NPs) and assess the physicochemical properties and biocompatibility of the formulation. An optimized and simplified solvent displacement method was employed to obtain SF-NPs. Single-factor prescription screening, such as silk fibroin (SF) solution concentration, the ratio of SF solution to organic solvent, ultrasonication power and time, and different types of organic phases, was used to optimize the formulation. The characterization of the optimal formulation included particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), zeta potential, morphology, and stability. The in vitro cell compatibility of the nanoparticles was evaluated using CCK-8 and Calcein-AM/PI cell viability staining. The results showed that when SF concentration was 20 mg·mL-1, volume ratio of aqueous phase to acetone was 1∶6, ultrasonic power was 80 W and ultrasonic time was 3 min, the best SF-NPs was obtained. The nanoparticles prepared in this study exhibit a near-spherical shape, with a uniform size distribution, having an average size of 144.8 nm, a PDI of 0.174, and a zeta potential of -27.35 mV. Results from in vitro cell experiments demonstrate excellent cell compatibility of SF-NPs, showing the ability to promote cell proliferation. The SF-NPs which were successfully prepared in this study exhibit uniform particle size and excellent biocompatibility.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1090-1096, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013786

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of Rubus irritans Focke extract on adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, and to further explore the potential mechanism of Rubus irritans Focke on adipocyte metabolism, so as to provide a new basis for the prevention and treatment of obesity. Methods Rubus irritans Focke extract was separated and prepared by MCI medium pressure chromatographic column. MTT method was used to detect cell proliferation, and oil red 0 staining and kit test was used to to detect the level of lipid accumulation. Western blot was employed to detect the expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ¦y (PPAR7), CCAAT enhancer binding protein a (C/ EBPa), adenosine 5'-monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK) protein. Results When the concentration of Rubus irritans Focke extract was less than 100 mg •L

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1654-1661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013706

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the protective effect of proanthocyanidin B2 (PC-B2) on oxidative damage of PC 12 cells induced by hydrogen peroxide (H

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 465-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984645

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in patients with hematological malignancies who had relapsed after the first allo-HSCT. Methods: Between April 2018 and June 2021, 44 patients with hematological malignancies (B-ALL 23, T-ALL/T-LBL 4, AML15, and MDS 2) were enrolled and retrospectively examined. Unrelated donors (n=12) or haploidentical donors (n=32) were used. Donors were replaced in all patients for the second allo-HSCT. Hematological and immunological germline predisposition genes and hematopoietic and immune function tests were used to select the best-related donor. Total body irradiation (TBI) /fludarabine (FLU) -based (n=38), busulfan (BU) /FLU-based (n=4), total marrow irradiation (TMI) /FLU-based (n=1), and BU/cladribine-based (n=1) were the RIC regimens used. For graft versus host disease (GVHD) prevention, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, short-term methotrexate, and ATG were used. Eighteen (40.9%) of 44 patients with gene variations for which targeted medications are available underwent post-transplant maintenance therapy. Results: The median age was 25 years old (range: 7-55). The median interval between the first and second HSCT was 19.5 months (range: 6-77). Before the second allo-HSCT, 33 (75%) of the patients were in complete remission (CR), whereas 11 (25%) were not. All patients had long-term engraftment. The grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ GVHD and severe acute GVHD rates were 20.5% and 9.1%, respectively. Chronic GVHD was found in 20.5% of limited patterns and 22.7% of severe patterns. CMV and EBV reactivation rates were 29.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Hemorrhage cystitis occurred in 15.9% of cases, grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ. The 1-yr disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and cumulative recurrence incidence (RI) rates of all patients were 72.5% (95% CI, 54.5%-84.3%), 80.6% (95% CI, 63.4%-90.3%), and 25.1% (95% CI, 13.7%-43.2%), respectively, with a median follow-up of 14 (2-39) months. There were eight deaths (seven relapses and one infection). The rate of non-relapse mortality (NRM) was only 2.3%. The CR patients' 1-yr RI rate was significantly lower than the NR patients (16.8% vs 48.1%, P=0.026). The DFS rate in CR patients was greater than in NR patients, although there was no statistical difference (79.9% vs 51.9%, P=0.072). Univariate analysis revealed that CR before the second allo-HSCT was an important prognostic factor. Conclusion: With our RIC regimens, donor change, and post-transplant maintenance therapy, the second allo-HSCT in relapsed hematological malignancies after the first allo-HSCT is a safe and effective treatment with high OS and DFS and low NRM and relapse rate. The most important factor influencing the prognosis of the second allo-HSCT is the patient's illness condition before the transplant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Busulfan/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Chronic Disease , Unrelated Donors , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous , Transplantation Conditioning
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 168-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962638

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo perform a predictive analysis of the quality marker(Q-Marker) for the anticoagulant activity of Kunning granules. MethodThe chemical components of Kunning granules were analyzed by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-25 mmol∙L-1 ammonium acetate aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 5%-22%A; 5-10 min, 22%-30%A; 10-15 min, 30%-95%A; 15-20 min, 95%-5%A; 20-30 min, 5%A), flow rate of 0.2 mL∙min-1, column temperature at 30 ℃, injection volume of 1 μL, electrospray ionization(ESI), positive and negative ion detection modes. Interaction analysis between the targets of chemical components and the targets of abnormal uterine bleeding(AUB) was performed by network pharmacology, and the key components were screened through network topology analysis. The fingerprints of 10 batches of Kunning granules were established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), the anticoagulant activity of the granules was determined by blood coagulation method and fibrinogen plate method, and the spectrum-effective relationship was established. The components co-occurring in the topological analysis and spectrum-effective relationship were selected as Q-Markers, and their anticoagulant activities were verified and confirmed. ResultA total of 475 chemical components were identified from Kunning Granule, of which 22 key components such as salvianolic acid B, paeoniflorin, naringin and neohesperidin, were the potential material basis for the treatment of AUB. The spectrum-effective analysis showed that peaks 7(paeoniflorin), 9(naringin), 10(neohesperidin) and 11(salvianolic acid B) were the optimal principal components, and in vitro activity test showed that these four components could better characterize their anticoagulant activity. ConclusionSalvianolic acid B, paeoniflorin, neohesperidin and naringin may be Q-Markers for the anticoagulant activity of Kunning granules.

14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 149-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970730

ABSTRACT

N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) is an endogenous short peptide produced through the continuous hydrolysis of Thymosin β4 by meprin-α and prolyl oligopeptidase. It has the functions of immune regulation, promoting angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and anti-fibrosis in organs. In this paper, according to some our research results and related literatures in recent years, a review of Ac-SDKP research progress was written.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oligopeptides , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 377-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965697

ABSTRACT

To investigate the mechanism by which Schisandra Chinensis mediates the phenotypic transformation of microglia via microRNA-124 (miR-124)-based regulation of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) pathway, a model was established using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation of BV2 cells. Cells were treated with different doses of Schisandra Chinensis extract (SCE). MiR-124 inhibitors and negative control sequences (NC inhibitor) were transfected into LPS-induced BV2 cells and treated with SCE. The MTT assay was used for cell activity detection; an NO kit was used to measure NO release; ELISA kits were used to measure the levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Microglia markers, including ionized calcium binding adapter molecule-1 (IBA-1) and arginase-1 (Arg-1), and the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) were evaluated by immunofluorescent staining. NF-κB p65, IBA-1, Arg-1, TLR4, myeloid differentiation primary factor 88 (MyD88), inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappa B kinases-α (IKK-α), IL-10, TNF-α were detected by immunoblot. SCE at concentrations ranging from 31.25 to 250 μg·mL-1 had no significant effect on cell activity. SCE treatment significantly inhibited NO release induced by LPS (P < 0.001, P < 0.01), increased the level of IL-10 (P < 0.05), and decreased the level of TNF-α (P < 0.001). In addition, SCE significantly reduced the expression of TNF-α, IBA-1, TLR4, and MyD88 (P < 0.01, P < 0.001) and elevated the expression of IL-10, Arg-1, NF-κB P65 and IKK-α (P < 0.001, P < 0.01, P < 0.05). SCE treatment could also promote the expression of miR-124 (P < 0.01). However, transfection with the miR-124 inhibitor increased TNF-α (P < 0.001), decreased the level of IL-10 (P < 0.05), increased the mRNA level and the protein expression of TNF-α and IBA-1 (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.001), and decreased the mRNA level and protein expression of IL-10 and Arg-1 (P < 0.001, P < 0.01). In addition, the inhibition of TLR4 and MyD88 was attenuated. In conclusion, SCE appears to inhibit the activation of TLR4 signaling pathway by upregulating miR-124 so as to inhibit microglia M1 polarization and promote microglia M2 polarization.

16.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 643-669, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999992

ABSTRACT

Liver organoids are three-dimensional cellular tissue models in which cells interact to form unique structures in culture. During the past 10 years, liver organoids with various cellular compositions, structural features, and functional properties have been described. Methods to create these advanced human cell models range from simple tissue culture techniques to complex bioengineering approaches. Liver organoid culture platforms have been used in various research fields, from modeling liver diseases to regenerative therapy. This review discusses how liver organoids are used to model disease, including hereditary liver diseases, primary liver cancer, viral hepatitis, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Specifically, we focus on studies that used either of two widely adopted approaches: differentiation from pluripotent stem cells or epithelial organoids cultured from patient tissues. These approaches have enabled the generation of advanced human liver models and, more importantly, the establishment of patient-tailored models for evaluating disease phenotypes and therapeutic responses at the individual level.

17.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 208-217, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to analyze the bacteria in dental caries and establish an optimized dental-ca-ries diagnosis model based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) data of oral flora.@*METHODS@#We searched the public databa-ses of microbiomes including NCBI, MG-RAST, EMBL-EBI, and QIITA and collected data involved in the relevant research on human oral microbiomes worldwide. The samples in the caries dataset (1 703) were compared with healthy ones (20 540) by using the microbial search engine (MSE) to obtain the microbiome novelty score (MNS) and construct a caries diagnosis model based on this index. Nonparametric multivariate ANOVA was used to analyze and compare the impact of different host factors on the oral flora MNS, and the model was optimized by controlling related factors. Finally, the effect of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#1) The oral microbiota distribution obviously differed among people with various oral-health statuses, and the species richness and species diversity index decreased. 2) ROC curve was used to evaluate the caries data set, and the area under ROC curve was AUC=0.67. 3) Among the five hosts' factors including caries status, country, age, decayed missing filled tooth (DMFT) indices, and sampling site displayed the strongest effect on MNS of samples (P=0.001). 4) The AUC of the model was 0.87, 0.74, 0.74, and 0.75 in high caries, medium caries, low caries samples in Chinese children, and mixed dental plaque samples after controlling host factors, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The model based on the analysis of 16S rRNA data of oral flora had good diagnostic efficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bacteria/genetics , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Microbiota/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6191-6199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008818

ABSTRACT

Simiao Yong'an Decoction is a classic prescription for treating gangrene. Modern medical evidence has proven that Si-miao Yong'an Decoction has therapeutic effects on atherosclerosis(AS), vascular occlusion angeitides, and hypertension, while its pharmacodynamic mechanism remains unclear. The evidence of network pharmacology, molecular docking, literature review, and our previous study suggests that luteolin and kaempferol are two major flavonoids in Simiao Yong'an Decoction and can inhibit macrophage inflammation and exert anti-AS effects. However, due to lack of the metabolism studies in vivo, little is known about the metabolic characteristics of luteolin and kaempferol. This study employed ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS/MS) and relevant software to identify the metabolites and metabolic pathways of luteolin and kaempferol in rat plasma, urine, and feces, after oral administration of luteolin and kaempferol, respectively. After the administration of luteolin, 10, 11, and 3 metabolites of luteolin were detected in the plasma, urine, and feces, respectively. After the administration of kaempferol, 9, 3, and 1 metabolites of kaempferol were detected in the plasma, urine, and feces, respectively. The metabolic pathways mainly involved methylation, glucuronidation, and sulfation. This study enriches the knowledge about the pharmacological mechanism of luteolin and kaempferol and supplies a reference for revealing the metabolic process of other flavonoids in Simiao Yong'an Decoction, which is of great significance for elucidating the pharmacological effects and effective substances of this decoction in vivo.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Luteolin/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Kaempferols/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Molecular Docking Simulation
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1732-1735, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991232

ABSTRACT

During the mandate duty in primary military hospital, we conducted continuing neurological education combining with the hospitals trait and department needs. By using the concept of competency-based education, we have explored a pattern of continuing medical education suitable for primary physicians. Thematic approach was implemented for acquiring professional knowledge, formative evaluation was applied for training effect assessment, and scientific clinical thinking was emphasized for promoting the demand of lifelong learning. Under the communication and efforts of teachers and learners, we have obtained good clinical effect and positive social affection by the competency-based neurological education.

20.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 823-826, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013065

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of doctor-patient relationship, this paper put forward the external and internal paths led by the social atmosphere value of respecting medicine and health. The external path is that lead the mass media and publicize positive public opinion; popularize medical knowledge and narrow the distance between doctors and patients; strengthen humanistic care and relieve psychological stress; establish positive models and carry forward advanced deeds; increase salary packages and embody labor value; improve the practice environment and implement safety initiatives. The internal path is that strengthen professional ability and improve professional quality; improve communication skills and enhance mutual understanding; pay attention to psychological counseling and psychological protection; establish prevention awareness and protect personal safety; strengthen professional belief and create an atmosphere of respecting doctors, so as to make respect for medicine and health become common practice.

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