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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of intranasal administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged rats.Methods:Forty healthy Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes, aged 21-23 months, weighing 480-600 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O), intranasal administration of low-dose GDNF group (group G1) and intranasal administration of high-dose GDNF group (group G2). Rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under anesthesia with chloral hydrate in O, G1 and G2 groups, while the rats in group S only received sham operation.The rats in group G1 and group G2 were intranasally treated with GDNF 25 and 50 μg (in 25 μl of PBS), respectively, and PBS 25 μl was nasally administered in group S and group O every day for 3 consecutive days after operation or sham operation.Morris water maze test was performed on days 3-7 after surgery, and then the rats were sacrificed, and hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of the expression of GDNF, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), activated caspase-3 and Bax (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 5-7 after operation, the number of crossing the platform was reduced, time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, expression of GDNF was down-regulated, and expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, HMGB1, activated caspase-3 and Bax in hippocampi was up-regulated in group O, and the number of crossing the platform was reduced, time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, and expression of IL-1β and TNF-α was up-regulated in G1 and G2 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened on days 5-7 after operation, the number of crossing the platform was increased, time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, expression of GDNF was up-regulated, expression of TNF-α, HMGB1, activated caspase-3 and Bax in hippocampi was down-regulated in G1 and G2 groups, and IL-1β in hippocampi was down-regulated in group G1 ( P<0.05). Compared with group G1, the expression of TNF-α in hippocampi was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the other parameters mentioned above in group G2 ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Intranasal administration of GDNF can improve postoperative cognitive dysfunction, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting neuroinflammatory responses and neuroapoptosis in aged rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882323

ABSTRACT

Electrical status epilepticus during sleep(ESES)is a special electroencephalography in children.It is involved in a variety of epileptic syndromes and can lead to different degrees of degradation of movement, cognition, behavior, language.At present, the cause of ESES is still unknown.According to literature reports, 8 pathogenic genes have been found to be related to ESES, namely GRIN2A, CNKSR2, SCN2A, KCNA2, KCNQ2, KCNB1, SLC6A1 and WAC genes.In this review, progress of ESES molecular genetics are discussed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879053

ABSTRACT

To study the effect and mechanism of extract of Quzhou Aurantii Fructus(QAF) on liver inflammation in CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis mice. Totally 60 C57 BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into control group(distilled water, oral), model group(distilled water, oral), colchicines group(Col, colchicines 2 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral), low-dose QAF group(QAF-L, QAF 100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) and high-dose QAF group(QAF-H, QAF 300 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) by random number table method. The model group and each administration group were injected with carbon tetrachloride(CCl_4) 1 mL·kg~(-1)(CCl_4-olive oil 1∶4), twice a week, totally 6 weeks. After the last administration, the mice were sacrificed, and serum and liver tissue were collected. Serum ALT and AST levels were measured in each group to observe the liver function of mice. The pathological changes and inflammatory cell infiltration in liver were observed by HE staining and F4/80 immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β were detected by RT-PCR. The protein expressions of IκBα, p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3, caspase-1 and cleaved caspase-1 were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that QAF significantly reduced serum ALT and AST levels, and alleviated the degree of liver damage.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that QAF significantly reduced liver inflammatory cell infiltration in liver fibrosis mice. The results of RT-PCR and Western blot showed that QAF significantly inhibited mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β in liver of fibrosis mice. QAF also suppressed the degradation of IκBα protein and reduced p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 protein expressions. In conclusion, QAF improves CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis in mice. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Inflammasomes/genetics , Inflammation , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B/genetics , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Plant Extracts
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 715-717, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873877

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the secretion levels of serum tumor markers neuron specific enolase(NSE), glycoprotein antigen CA153 and CA199 in patients with retinoblastoma(RB).<p>METHODS: Data of 42 RB patients who received chemotherapy at Shenzhen People's Hospital between October 2017 and October 2019 were collected. The RB group was regrouped according to early and mid-term/advanced stages, and single/double eye involvement, the levels of serum tumor markers were compared between these subgroups and different genders.<p>RESULTS: The levels of tumor markers NSE, CA153 and CA199 in the advanced group were higher than those in the early and mid-term groups(49.69±18.45ng/mL <i>vs</i> 36.18±14.92ng/mL, 22.38±12.03U/mL <i>vs</i> 15.10±8.32U/mL, 46.44±18.76U/mL <i>vs </i>30.21±24.03U/mL, <i>P</i><0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference in expression between the groups of different genders and single and binocular involvement(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Serum NSE, CA153 and CA199 are significantly increased in advanced group than early and mid-term group, and they are of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment of RB. The difference between NSE in single and double eyes is worthy of further study.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 104-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781863

ABSTRACT

Allogeneic heart transplantation (HTx) is the primary treatment for patients with end-stage heart failure. Nevertheless, the long-term complication of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) after HTx is the main factor affecting the long-term survival of the recipients. Up to now, there is no effective methods to prevent and treat CAV. This article reviews the pathological manifestations of CAV, immunological factors of CAV and other risk factors of CAV, aiming to provide novel ideas and understanding for CAV research.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872391

ABSTRACT

Medical information registration of rare disease cases serves as scientific basis for development of population intervention strategy, improvement of medical service system, better patient medical support level, and higher medicine accessibility. Based on their hospital work, the authors introduced the development practice of an all-dimensional management system for such information registration, in terms of formulating policies, establishing organizational structure, organizing and publicizing policies for the medical service of rare diseases, maintaining registration data and so on, so as to provide the reference for the management of registration work of rare diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor agonist DA-JC4 on postoperative neuroinflammatory responses in aged rats.Methods:Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 21-23 months, weighing 530-630 g, provided by the Animal Experiment Center of Medical School of Zhengzhou University, were assigned into 3 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O) and DA-JC4 group (group G). Rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under anesthesia with chloral hydrate in O and G groups.In group G, DA-JC4 10 nmol/kg (dissolved in 1 ml of sterile normal saline) was intraperitoneally injected immediately after the end of operation and at 24 and 48 h after operation.Western blot was used to determine the expression of hippocampal Bax, Bcl-2, activated caspase-3, Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3Ⅱ (LC3Ⅱ), high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on day 3 after surgery.The Morris water maze test was performed on days 14-18 after operation to assess the cognitive function. Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 15-18 after operation in group O and on day 18 after operation in group G, and the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, the expression of activated caspase-3, Bax, LC3Ⅱ, HMGB1, IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi was up-regulated, and the expression of Bcl-2, LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was down-regulated in O and G groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened, and the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, the expression of activated caspase-3, Bax, LC3Ⅱ, HMGB1, IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi was down-regulated, and the expression of Bcl-2, LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was up-regulated in group G ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which DA-JC4 reduces postoperative cognitive dysfunction may be related to inhibiting neuroinflammatory responses in aged rats.

8.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 395-400, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826568

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has raised concern around the world as an epidemic or pandemic. As data on COVID-19 has grown, it has become clear that older adults have a disproportionately high rate of death from COVID-19. This study describes the early clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in patients with more than 80 years of age.@*METHODS@#Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and treatment data from 17 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 between January 20 and February 20, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Treatment outcomes among subgroups of patients with non-severe and severe symptoms of COVID-19 were compared.@*RESULTS@#Of the 17 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, the median age was 88.0 years (interquartile range, 86.6-90.0 years; range, 80.0-100.0 years) and 12 (70.6%) were men. The age distribution of patients was not significantly different between non-severe group and severe group. All patients had chronic pre-existing conditions. Hypertension and cardiovascular diseases were the most common chronic conditions in both subgroups. The most common symptoms at the onset of COVID-19 were fever (n = 13; 76.5%), fatigue (n = 11; 64.7%), and cough (n = 5; 29.4%). Lymphopenia was observed in all patients, and lymphopenia was significantly more severe in the severe group than that in non-severe group (0.4 × 10/L vs 1.2 × 10/L, P = 0.014). The level of serum creatinine was higher in the severe group than in the non-severe group (99.0 μmol/L vs 62.5 μmol/L, P = 0.038). The most common features of chest computed tomography images were nodular foci in 10 (58.8%) patients and pleural thickening in 7 (41.2%) patients. All patients received antiviral therapy, while some patients also received intravenous antibiotics therapy (76.5%), Chinese medicinal preparation therapy (Lianhuaqingwen capsule, 64.7%), corticosteroids (35.3%) or immunoglobin (29.4%). Eight patients (47.1%) were transferred to the intensive care unit because of complications. Ten patients (58.8%) received intranasal oxygen, while 3 (17.6%) received non-invasive mechanical ventilation, and 4 (23.5%) received high-flow oxygen. As of June 20, 7 (41.2%) patients had been discharged and 10 (58.8% of this cohort, 77.8% of severe patients) had died.@*CONCLUSION@#The mortality of patients aged 80 years and older with severe COVID-19 symptoms was high. Lymphopenia was a characteristic laboratory result in these patients, and the severity of lymphopenia was indicative of the severity of COVID-19. However, the majority of patients with COVID-19 in this age cohort had atypical symptoms, and early diagnosis depends on prompt use of a viral nucleic acid test.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , China , Epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 395-400, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has raised concern around the world as an epidemic or pandemic. As data on COVID-19 has grown, it has become clear that older adults have a disproportionately high rate of death from COVID-19. This study describes the early clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in patients with more than 80 years of age.@*METHODS@#Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and treatment data from 17 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 between January 20 and February 20, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Treatment outcomes among subgroups of patients with non-severe and severe symptoms of COVID-19 were compared.@*RESULTS@#Of the 17 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, the median age was 88.0 years (interquartile range, 86.6-90.0 years; range, 80.0-100.0 years) and 12 (70.6%) were men. The age distribution of patients was not significantly different between non-severe group and severe group. All patients had chronic pre-existing conditions. Hypertension and cardiovascular diseases were the most common chronic conditions in both subgroups. The most common symptoms at the onset of COVID-19 were fever (n = 13; 76.5%), fatigue (n = 11; 64.7%), and cough (n = 5; 29.4%). Lymphopenia was observed in all patients, and lymphopenia was significantly more severe in the severe group than that in non-severe group (0.4 × 10/L vs 1.2 × 10/L, P = 0.014). The level of serum creatinine was higher in the severe group than in the non-severe group (99.0 μmol/L vs 62.5 μmol/L, P = 0.038). The most common features of chest computed tomography images were nodular foci in 10 (58.8%) patients and pleural thickening in 7 (41.2%) patients. All patients received antiviral therapy, while some patients also received intravenous antibiotics therapy (76.5%), Chinese medicinal preparation therapy (Lianhuaqingwen capsule, 64.7%), corticosteroids (35.3%) or immunoglobin (29.4%). Eight patients (47.1%) were transferred to the intensive care unit because of complications. Ten patients (58.8%) received intranasal oxygen, while 3 (17.6%) received non-invasive mechanical ventilation, and 4 (23.5%) received high-flow oxygen. As of June 20, 7 (41.2%) patients had been discharged and 10 (58.8% of this cohort, 77.8% of severe patients) had died.@*CONCLUSION@#The mortality of patients aged 80 years and older with severe COVID-19 symptoms was high. Lymphopenia was a characteristic laboratory result in these patients, and the severity of lymphopenia was indicative of the severity of COVID-19. However, the majority of patients with COVID-19 in this age cohort had atypical symptoms, and early diagnosis depends on prompt use of a viral nucleic acid test.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , China , Epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787595

ABSTRACT

@# BACKGROUND:The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) as a novel biomarker in sepsis patients. METHODS: One hundred fifty-one adult patients diagnosed with sepsis and 20 age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Patients with sepsis were further subdivided into a sepsis group and a septic shock group. nCD64 expression, serum procalcitonin (PCT) level, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and white blood cell (WBC) count were obtained for each patient, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores were calculated. RESULTS: nCD64 expression was higher in the sepsis group with confirmed infection than in the control group. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of nCD64 was higher than those of SOFA score, PCT, CRP and WBC for diagnosing infection. The area under the curve (AUC) of nCD64 combined with SOFA score was the highest for all parameters. The AUC of nCD64 for predicting 28-day mortality in sepsis was signifi cantly higher than those of PCT, CRP, and WBC, but slightly lower than that of SOFA score. The AUC of nCD64 or PCT combined with SOFA score was signifi cantly higher than that of any single parameter for predicting 28-day mortality. CONCLUSION: nCD64 expression and SOFA score are valuable parameters for early diagnosis of infection and prognostic evaluation of sepsis patients.

11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 98-106, may. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) gradually increased along with the rapid development of modern cities. A large amount of landfill leachate are generated with excessive chemical oxygen demand (COD), which create a great deal of pressure on the environment-friendly treatment process. Anaerobic digestion is an ideal technique to solve the above problem. RESULTS: A thermophilic granular sludge was successfully adapted for anaerobic digestion of MSW leachate (from an aging large-scale landfill) for methane production. The COD degradation efficiency improved by 81.8%, while the methane production rate reached 117.3 mL CH4/(g VS d), which was 2.34-fold more than the control condition. The bacterial and archaeal communities involved in the process were revealed by 16S rRNA gene high-throughput pyrosequencing. The richness of the bacterial community decreased in the process of thermophilic granular sludge, while the archaeal community structure presented a reverse phenomenon. The bacterial genus, Methanosaeta was the most abundant during the mesophilic process, while Methanobacterium, Methanoculleus, Methanosaeta and Methanosarcina were more evenly distributed. The more balanced community distribution between hydrogenotrophic and acetotrophic methanogens implied a closer interaction between the microbes, which further contributed to higher methane productivity. The detailed relationship between the key functional communities and anaerobic digestion performances were demonstrated via the multivariate canonical correspondence analysis. Conclusions: With the assistance of adaptive thermophilic granular sludge, microbial community structure was more evenly distributed, while both of COD degradation rate and methane production was improved during anaerobic digestion of MSW landfill leachate.


Subject(s)
Bacteria, Anaerobic/metabolism , Solid Waste , Anaerobic Digestion , Sludge Treatment , Methane/metabolism , Sewage/microbiology , Bacteria, Anaerobic/isolation & purification , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Urban Area , Biofuels , Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis , Hot Temperature , Anaerobiosis
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 846-853, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780205

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of acacetin on serum lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis in mice and explore its molecular mechanism. HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations of acacetin. The expression of LDL receptor (LDLR) and sterol-regulatory element binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) were detected by RT-qPCR and/or Western blot. C57BL/6J mice were given acacetin (50 mg·kg-1) for 5 weeks by gavage. Serum total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) were analyzed by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The expression of LDLR or SREBP-2 was detected by Western blot. After 12 weeks of intragastric administration of acacetin (30 mg·kg-1) in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice, the serum lipid levels were determined by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The lipid deposition in aortic plaque (en face) and aortic root plaque were stained with oil red O. The expression of LDLR and SREBP-2 were detected by RT-qPCR and/or Western blot. The intestinal content microflora was analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing (All animal studies were approved by the Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee of Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, CAMS & PUMC). In vitro results indicated that acacetin significantly up-regulated LDLR mRNA and protein levels, and stimulated LDLR transcription factor SREBP-2 protein expression. As indicated from in vivo studies, compared with control group, acacetin significantly decreased the serum levels of TC and LDL-C in C57BL/6J mice by 34% and 57% (P<0.01), respectively. Furthermore, mechanic study showed that acacetin significantly increased the protein expression of hepatic LDLR and SREBP-2. Although the results of serum lipid profiles, hepatic LDLR/SREBP-2 expression and area of atherosclerotic lesions in aorta and aortic root in ApoE KO mice showed differences between acacetin and high-fat diet group, the differences did not reach statistical significance. Nevertheless, acacetin exhibited a profound influence on the composition of the intestinal microbiota as indicated by 16s rDNA sequencing analysis. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that acacetin can decrease the serum lipid levels in C57BL/6J mice through up-regulation of hepatic LDLR and SREBP-2, and alter gut microflora in high-fat diet fed Apo KO mice. This study suggests the possibility that acacetin has a potential role in inhibiting the progression of atherosclerosis.

13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 497-504, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777162

ABSTRACT

Insulin resistance is a common pathophysiological mechanism of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Skeletal muscle is one of the major target organs of insulin-mediated glucose uptake, metabolism and utilization, and it is the earliest and most important site of insulin resistance. Studies have shown that the impairments of glucose uptake, insulin signaling pathway and mitochondrial biosynthesis are closely related to skeletal muscle insulin resistance. When insulin resistance develops in skeletal muscle, multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) are up-regulated (miR-106b, miR-23a, miR-761, miR-135a, Let-7 and miR-29a) or down-regulated (miR-133a, miR-149 and miR-1). They participate in the regulation of skeletal muscle glucose uptake, insulin signaling pathway and mitochondrial biogenesis, and thus play important roles in the occurrence and development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Therefore, these miRNAs may serve as potential targets for the treatment of skeletal muscle insulin resistance or diabetes.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 671-679, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777144

ABSTRACT

The skeletal muscle mass accounts for more than 40% of the body weight of healthy adults. The skeletal muscle not only plays an important role in physical activities but also affects the function of other organs as a secretory organ secreting multiple muscle factors. Therefore, it is important to maintain the normal quantity and function of skeletal muscle. Skeletal muscle mass is the basis of skeletal muscle function and is often affected by many factors such as exercise and disease. Resistance exercise training induces increased protein synthesis in skeletal muscle cells, while limb disuse, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, cachexia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy and many other pathological conditions lead to decreased protein synthesis or enhanced protein degradation of skeletal muscle cells. The process of skeletal muscle hypertrophy involves changes in multiple signaling pathways, such as IGF-1/PI3K/Akt, myostatin and G protein. On the other hand, activations of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, IGF-1/Akt/FoxO, autophagy-lysosomal pathway, NF-κB, and the glucocorticoid-mediated signaling pathways play important roles in regulating muscle atrophy. These signaling pathways regulate skeletal muscle mass and are modulated by some different conditions. This review briefly summarizes the signaling pathways of skeletal muscle mass control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology , Muscular Atrophy , Organ Size , Signal Transduction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of apple polyphenols on pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups:control (Con) group, monocrotaline (MCT) group, apple polyphenol (APP) group,monocrotaline + apple polyphenol (MCT+APP) group. In Con group, rats received a subcutaneous injection of physical saline. In APP group, rats received intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg APP, every other day. In MCT group, rats received a single subcutaneous injection of MCT(60 mg/kg). In MCT+APP group, rats received subcutaneous injection of 60 mg/kg MCT followed by an intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg APP every other day. All the disposal lasted 3 weeks. Then the PAH-relevant indicators, such as mean pulmonary artery pressure(mPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance(PVR), right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) ,wall thickness (WT%) and wall area (WA%) were tested. After that, the inflammatory pathway related indicators, such as interleukin1(IL-1),interleukin1(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), cyclooxygenase 2(COX-2) and myeloperoxidase(MPO) in pulmonary tissue and free intracellular Ca in pulmonary smooth muscle cell(PASMC), content of eNOS and NO in endothelial cells were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the levels of mPAP, PVR, RVHI, WA%, WT%, and IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, COX-2, MPO in tissue and the expression of Ca in PASMC of MCT group were increased significantly, while the contents of eNOS and NO in endothelial cells were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the MCT group, the apple polyphenol treatment could improve the above mentioned situation, and the COX-2 and Ca indicators of the apple polyphenol treatment group were decreased significantly (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MCT can increase COX-2 expression and intracellular Ca in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, decrease the contents of eNOS and NO in endothelial cells, while apple polyphenols can significantly inhibit these effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Metabolism , Cytokines , Metabolism , Malus , Chemistry , Monocrotaline , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Polyphenols , Pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats , Vascular Remodeling
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776238

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of acupoint catgut embedding for chloasma in premenopausal women with liver stagnation.@*METHODS@#A total of 92 patients of chloasma in premenopausal women with liver stagnation were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 46 cases in each one.In the observation group, acupoint catgut embedding was applied at Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), also the surrounding acupuncture was performed at facial part, once a week. In the control group, vitamin C (200 mg per time, 3 times a day) and vitamin E (100 mg per time, once a day) were prescribed for oral administration. Both of the two groups were given treatment for 12 weeks. The score of chloasma area and severity index (MASI), the serum levels of follicular stimulating hormone (FSH), leuteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E) before and after treatment were observed in the two groups, and the clinical effect of the two groups were compared after 3 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 44 cases in the observation group and 43 cases in the control group completed the study. The effective rate in the observation group was 88.6% (39/44), which was higher than 55.8% (24/43) in the control group (0.05). There was no significant difference between before treatment and in follow-up in the levels of FSH, LH and E in the control group (>0.05). In follow-up, the levels of FSH and LH in the observation group were lower than the control group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint catgut embedding can improve the clinical symptoms of chloasma in premenopausal women with liver stagnation, the mechanism may be related to regulate the serum level of sex hormone to reduce high sensitivity of melanocytes to estrogen.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Catgut , Female , Humans , Liver , Melanosis , Therapeutics , Qi
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Erbao grains on levels of immunoglobulin, T cells, secretory immunoglobulin A from feces, and intestinal microecology index of children with diarrhea due to spleen deficiency. Method:One hundred and eighty patients with diarrhea due to spleen deficiency were randomly divided into control group (90 cases) and observation group (90 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got Montmorillonite powder. In addition to the therapy in control group, patients in observation were additionally given Erbao grains. And the course of treatment was 10 days. Before and after treatment, levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, IgA, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, ratio CD4+and CD8+, secretory immunoglobulin A from feces (SIgA), activity of salivary amylase and urine D-xylose were detected, the main symptoms and signs were scored, and the safety was discussed. Result:After treatment, the clinical total effective rate in observation group was 95.56%, which was higher than 80%in control group (χ2=10.149, PPP+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+, activity of salivary amylase and urine D-xylose were higher than those in control group (PPConclusion:In addition to the therapy of Montmorillonite powder, Erbao grains can relieve the symptoms of children with diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, improve the efficacy, and ameliorate immunity of children.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755624

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of exercise training on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression during endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats.Methods Thirty-two SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 175-220 g,were divided into 4 groups (n=8 each) using a random number table method:control group (group C),group ALI,low-intensity exercise training group (group ET1) and high-intensity exercise training group (group ET2).The rats in ET1 and ET2 groups received 2-and 4-week treadmill exercise training before establishing the ALI model,while the rats in C and ALI groups received no training.ALI was induced by intravenously injecting 5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide via the tail vein in ALI,ET1 and ET2 groups,and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C.The animals were sacrificed,and the lungs were harvested for microscopic examination of the pathological changes of lung tissues which were also scored and for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio),concentrations of total protein,interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF),and expression of HSP70 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in lung tissues by Western blot.Results Compared with group C,the W/D ratio and pathological changes of lung tissues were significantly increased,the concentrations of total protein,IL-1 β and TNF-α in BALF were increased,the expression of NF-κB was up-regulated (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in HSP70 expression in group ALI(P>0.05).Compared with group ALI,the W/D ratio and pathological changes of lung tissues were significantly decreased,the concentrations of total protein,IL-1β and TNF-α in BALF were decreased,the expression of HSP70 was up-regulated,and the expression of NF-κB was down-regulated in ET1 and ET2 groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Exercise training can attenuate the endotoxin-induced ALI through relieving the inflammatory responses,which may be related to up-regulating HSP70 expression in the lung of rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-611, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798044

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical featuresand related factors of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis (AVV) with interstitial lung disease (ILD), and to explore the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest features between different anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) serotypes.@*Methods@#Clinical date of 125 patients diagnosed with AAV by Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 1, 2010 to April 30, 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical manifestations between AAV patients with ILD or those without ILD (NILD) were compared. Patients who were complicated with ILD were divided into myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA positive subset and proteimase (PR3)-ANCA positive subset, and the pulmonary computed tomographic mani-festation was compared among the two subsets. The count data was analyzed by t test, chi-square test/Fisher exact probality. Logistic regression model was applied to analyze the related factors.@*Results@#Of the 125 AAV patients, 86(68.8%) patients were complicated with inter-stitial lung disease, and the mean age of ILD subgroup was higher than that of the NILD subgroup [(66±11) years vs (56±15) years, t=-3.78, P=0.001]. Com-pared with NILD patients, ILD patients had more symptoms (χ2=4.676, P=0.031). The serum levels of carcinoe-mbryonic antigen (t=-1.908, P=0.012), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (t=-2.286, P=0.025) and carbohydrate antigen 153 (t=-2.857, P=0.007) were higher than the NILD pa-tients. In addition, MPO-ANCA positivesubgroup was more likely to present with pulmonary fibrosis (χ2=7.736, P=0.005), reticular shadow (χ2=9.762, P=0.002) and honeycombing (χ2=4.278, P=0.039) than PR3-ANCA positive subgroup on CT images of all ILD patients. Multivariate Logistic regressive analysis showed that patients who were older than 65 years [OR(95%CI): 3.305(1.280, 8.531), P=0.013], and Birmin-gham vasculitis activity(BVAS) score higher than or equal to 15 [OR(95%CI): 3.249(1.280, 8.247), P=0.013] were risk factors for AAV patients with ILD, while the probability of PR3-ANCA positive patients complicated with ILD was low [OR(95%CI): 0.063(0.005, 0.851), P=0.037].@*Conclusion@#ILD is a very common clinical feature in AAV, especially for elders. The increase of serum CEA, CA199 and CA153 levels may be an early warning sign of interstitial lung disease. Pulmonary HRCT may more likely to present with pulmonary fibrosis in patients with MPO-ANCA positive.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-611, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791351

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical featuresand related factors of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis (AVV) with interstitial lung disease (ILD),and to explore the highresolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest features between different anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) serotypes.Methods Clinical date of 125 patients diagnosed with AAV by Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 1,2010 to April 30,2017 were analyzed retrospectively.Clinical manifestations between AAV patients with ILD or those without ILD (NILD) were compared.Patients who were complicated with ILD were divided into myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA positive subset and proteimase (PR3)-ANCA positive subset,and the pulmonary computed tomographic mani-festation was compared among the two subsets.The count data was analyzed by t test,chi-square test/Fisher exact probality.Logistic regression model was applied to analyze the related factors.Results Of the 125 AAV patients,86 (68.8%) patients were complicated with inter-stitial lung disease,and the mean age of ILD subgroup was higher than that of the NILD subgroup [(66±11) years vs (56±15) years,t=-3.78,P=0.001].Com-pared with NILD patients,ILD patients had more symptoms (x2=4.676,P=0.031).The serum levels of carcinoe-mbryonic antigen (t=-1.908,P=0.012),carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (t=-2.286,P=0.025) and carbohydrate antigen 153 (t=-2.857,P=0.007) were higher than the NILD pa-tients.In addition,MPO-ANCA positivesubgroup was more likely to present with pulmonary fibrosis (x2=7.736,P=0.005),reticular shadow (x2=9.762,P=0.002) and honeycombing (x~=4.278,P=0.039)than PR3-ANCA positive subgroup on CT images of all ILD patients.Multivariate Logistic regressive analysis showed that patients who were older than 65 years [OR(95%CI):3.305(1.280,8.531),P=0.013],and Birmingham vasculitis activity(BVAS) score higher than or equal to 15 [OR(95%CI):3.249(1.280,8.247),P=0.013] were risk factors for AAV patients with ILD,while the probability of PR3-ANCA positive patients complicated with ILD was low [OR (95%CI):0.063 (0.005,0.851),P=0.037].Conclusion ILD is a very common clinical feature in AAV,especially for elders.The increase of serum CEA,CA199 and CA153 levels may be an early warning sign of interstitial lung disease.Pulmonary HRCT may more likely to present with pulmonary fibrosis in patients with MPO-ANCA positive.

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