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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1264-1268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978616

ABSTRACT

AIM: To examine the effects of salidroside on choroidal thickness, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α), dopamine(DA)and its D1 receptor expression in guinea pigs with lens-induced myopia(LIM).METHODS: A total of 18 two-week-old guinea pigs were randomly divided into the normal control(NC)group, the LIM group, and the LIM + salidroside(LIM+SA)group, with 6 guinea pigs in each group. The guinea pigs in the NC group were fed normally and intragastrically administered with 2 mL/d saline; those in the LIM group wore a -5D lens in front of their right eyes to establish a myopia model, then they were intragastrically administered with 2 mL/d saline. Finally, those in the LIM+SA group wore glasses along with intragastric administration of 2 mL/d salidroside at a dose of 100 mg/kg. The refraction, axial length, and choroidal thickness of guinea pigs in each group were measured 4wk following the establishment of the model. In addition, the relative mRNA expression and protein content of HIF-1α in the choroid and retina of guinea pigs in each group were detected by real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR)and immunohistochemistry(IHC). Finally, the DA concentration and its D1 receptor expression were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)and Western blot.RESULTS: At 4wk after model establishment, guinea pigs of LIM group and LIM+SA group exhibited increased negative refraction of the right eye, prolonged axial length, and decreased choroidal thickness compared to the NC group. The relative mRNA expression and protein content of HIF-1α in the choroid and retina of the guinea pigs increased. The concentration of DA and the expression of its D1 receptor both decreased. Moreover, compared to the LIM group, the diopter of the right eye of guinea pigs in LIM+SA group significantly reduced, the axial length was shorter, the thickness of choroid increased, the relative mRNA expression and protein content of HIF-1α in the choroid and retina decreased and the concentration of DA and the expression of its D1 receptor both increased.CONCLUSION: Salidroside can delay myopia progression in myopic guinea pigs by affecting choroidal thickness and the expression of HIF-1α, DA and its D1 receptor.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 132-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970993

ABSTRACT

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the age-stratified normal levels and age-related changes in the risk predictors of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) progression. A total of 4706 male participants aged 40 years or older in Zhengzhou (China) were enrolled. The values of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume (PV), and postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) significantly increased with age. Nonlinear relationships between age and IPSS scores ≥8 (P for nonlinearity = 0.046), PSA level ≥1.6 ng ml-1, PV ≥31 ml, or PVR ≥39 ml (all P for nonlinearity <0.001) were observed. After the age of 61 years, the risk indicators related to BPH progression were positively correlated with age (odds ratio [OR] >1), regardless of the predictors of the IPSS score, PSA level, PV, or PVR; and the OR values increased gradually. Therefore, after the age of 61 years, the risk predictors related to BPH progression were positively correlated with age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , Risk Factors
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 865-870, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a child with profound intellectual disabilities and obvious behavioral abnormalities.@*METHODS@#A male child who had presented at the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University on December 2, 2020 was selected as the study subject. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. Short tandem repeat (STR) analysis was carried out to determine its parental origin. The splicing variant was also validated in vitro with a minigene assay.@*RESULTS@#WES results revealed that the child had harbored a novel splicing variant of c.176-2A>G in the PAK3 gene, which was inherited from his mother. The results of minigene assay have confirmed aberrant splicing of exon 2. According to the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, it was classified as a pathogenic variant (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The novel splicing variant c.176-2A>G of the PAK3 gene probably underlay the disorder in this child. Above finding has expanded the variation spectrum of the PAK3 gene and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for this family.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Exons , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mothers , Mutation , p21-Activated Kinases/genetics , Parents , RNA Splicing
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 578-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986823

ABSTRACT

Objective: To document the anatomical structure of the area anterior to the anorectum passing through the levator hiatus between the levator ani slings bilaterally. Methods: Three male hemipelvises were examined at the Laboratory of Clinical Applied Anatomy, Fujian Medical University. (1) The anatomical assessment was performed in three ways; namely, by abdominal followed by perineal dissection, by examining serial cross-sections, and by examining median sagittal sections. (2) The series was stained with hematoxylin and eosin to enable identification of nerves, vessels, and smooth and striated muscles. Results: (1) It was found that the rectourethralis muscle is closest to the deep transverse perineal muscle where the longitudinal muscle of the rectum extends into the posteroinferior area of the membranous urethra. The communicating branches of the neurovascular bundle (NVB) were identified at the posterior edge of the rectourethralis muscle on both sides. The rectum was found to be fixed to the membranous urethra through the rectourethral muscle, contributing to the anorectal angle of the anterior rectal wall. (2) Serial cross-sections from the anal to the oral side were examined. At the level of the external anal sphincter, the longitudinal muscle of the rectum was found to extend caudally and divide into two muscle bundles on the oral side of the external anal sphincter. One of these muscle bundles angled dorsally and caudally, forming the conjoined longitudinal muscle, which was found to insert into the intersphincteric space (between the internal and external anal sphincters). The other muscle bundle angled ventrally and caudally, filling the gap between the external anal sphincter and the bulbocavernosus muscle, forming the perineal body. At the level of the superficial transverse perineal muscle, this small muscle bundle headed laterally and intertwined with the longitudinal muscle in the region of the perineal body. At the level of the rectourethralis and deep transverse perineal muscle, the external urethral sphincter was found to occupy an almost completely circular space along the membranous part of the urethra. The dorsal part of the external urethral sphincter was found to be thin at the point of attachment of the rectourethralis muscle, the ventral part of the longitudinal muscle of the rectum. We identified a venous plexus from the NVB located close to the oral and ventral side of the deep transverse perineal muscle. Many vascular branches from the NVB were found to be penetrating the longitudinal muscle and the ventral part of rectourethralis muscle at the level of the apex of the prostate. The rectourethral muscle was wrapped ventrally around the membranous urethra and apex of the prostate. The boundary between the longitudinal muscle and prostate gradually became more distinct, being located at the anterior end of the transabdominal dissection plane. (3) Histological examination showed that the dorsal part of the external urethral sphincter (striated muscle) is thin adjacent to the striated muscle fibers from the deep transverse perineal muscle and the NVB dorsally and close by. The rectourethral muscle was found to fill the space created by the internal anal sphincter, deep transverse perineal muscle, and both levator ani muscles. Many tortuous vessels and tiny nerve fibers from the NVB were identified penetrating the muscle fibers of the deep transverse perineal and rectourethral muscles. The structure of the superficial transverse perineal muscle was typical of striated muscle. These findings were reconstructed three-dimensionally. Conclusions: In intersphincteric resection or abdominoperineal resection for very low rectal cancer, the anterior dissection plane behind Denonvilliers' fascia disappears at the level of the apex of the prostate. The prostate and both NVBs should be used as landmarks during transanal dissection of the non-surgical plane. The rectourethralis muscle should be divided near the rectum side unless tumor involvement is suspected. The superficial and deep transverse perineal muscles, as well as their supplied vessels and nerve fibers from the NVB. In addition, the cutting direction should be adjusted according to the anorectal angle to minimize urethral injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Rectum/surgery , Anal Canal/anatomy & histology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy , Urethra/surgery
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2777-2784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999019

ABSTRACT

An ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q Exactive-Orbitrap MS) method for the simultaneous determination of 15 compounds (taurocholic acid, 7-keto-3α,12-α-dihydroxycholanic acid, glycocholic acid, 3-oxo-7α,12α-hydroxy-5β-cholanoic acid, taurochenodeoxycholic acid, 3α-hydroxy-7-oxo-5β-cholanic acid, hyocholic acid, sodium taurodeoxycholate, hyodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid, glycochenodeoxycholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid, taurolithocholic acid sodium salt, chenodeoxycholic acid, deoxycholic acid) in Niuhuang Jiangya Pills was established. The separation was performed on a Thermo Fisher Scientfic Bremen HYPERSIL GOLD C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.9 μm). Methanol and water (containing 0.1% formic acid)were adopted as the mobile phase by gradient elution.MS detection was performed with multiple reaction monitoring mode.The results showed that fifteen compounds had a good linearity within their respective concentration ranges (r > 0.999 0). The average recovery rates were 93.7%- 105.2% (n = 9). The established method was used to determine the content of 15 batches of samples, and the results showed that the content of cholic acid was quite different. The present study provides an important reference for the overall quality control of Niuhuang Jiangya Pills.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2685-2693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999012

ABSTRACT

Total flavonoids of Dracocephalum moldavica L. (TFDM) is an effective component extracted and isolated from the traditional Uighur medicinal herb Cymbidium fragrans. Cymbidium fragrans has the effects of tonifying the heart and brain, promoting blood circulation and resolving blood stasis, and has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases for a long time. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of total flavonoids from Cymbidium fragrans on hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R) injury in H9c2 (rat cardiomyocytes) cells and its mechanism. A model (H/R) of hypoxia/re-oxygenation injury in H9c2 cells was established using hypoxia and glucose deprivation for 9 h combined with re-oxygenation and rehydration for 2 h to simulate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The effects of total flavonoids from Cymbidium fragrans on cell viability, markers of myocardial cell damage, oxidative stress levels, and reactive oxygen radical (ROS) content were investigated, Western blot was used to detect the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) and adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway related proteins. The results showed that the total flavonoids of Cymbidium fragrans significantly increased the viability of myocardial cells after H/R injury, and decreased the content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase isozyme (CK-MB) in the cell supernatant. It significantly reduced malondialdehyde (MDA), increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities, and decreased intracellular ROS and nitric oxide (NO) content. Western blot analysis showed that the total flavonoids of Cymbidium fragrans decreased Bax levels in H9c2 cells damaged by H/R and increased Bcl-2 expression. Total flavones of Cymbidium fragrans upregulate VEGF-B/AMPK pathway related proteins VEGF-B, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1), neuropilin 1 (NRP-1), peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein (p-AMPK) and phospho mechanistic target of rapamycin (p-MTOR) levels. The above research results indicate that the total flavonoids of Cymbidium can significantly reduce the H/R injury of myocardial cells, which may be related to the upregulation of VEGF-B/AMPK pathway and inhibition of oxidative stress response.

7.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 754-760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995789

ABSTRACT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a kind of cardiovascular diseases originated from atherosclerosis (AS), and chronic inflammation is one of the pathological characteristics. The peripheral blood leukocytes, especially mononuclear cells, play an important role in the AS processes. Recently, in a series of Epigenome-Wide Association Studies (EWAS), multiple DNA differential methylation sites in peripheral blood cells were found to be statistically associated with CHD, which suggested that these DNA differential methylation sites might serve as new risk factors for CHD. The recognition of the variant of DNA methylation as a common epigenetic nucleic acid modification in the occurrence and development of CHD, is ongoing. DNA methylation has the potential to become warning biomarkers, which might provide new ideas and evidences for mechanistic studies of CHD.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 726-732, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014211

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of TFDM on doxorubicin-induced endothelial cell injury and its mechanism.Methods Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay.Cell morphology was observed by microscope.The changes of LDH, SOD and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by kit method.Cell migration was detected by Transwell assay; Endothelial dysfunction and VEGF-B/AMPKa pathway related protein expression were detected by Western blot.Results Compared with model group, TFDM significantly increased cell viability, improved the morphologic changes of HUVEC induced by DOX, decreased LDH leakage, increased SOD activity, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, promoted endothelial cell migration, and inhibited endothelial cell injury.The results of Western blot showed that com pared with control group TFDM increased the expression levels of non-receptor tyrosine kinase ( Src) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) .increased the phosphorylation level of eNOS, and decreased the expression level of ET-1 protein, thereby inhibiting endothelial dysfunction.The protein expression levels of VEGF-B, NRP1 , VEGFR1 and the ratio of p-AMPKa/AMPKa significantly increased in the administration group.Conclusion TFDM may inhibit doxorubicin-induced endothelial cell injury by activating VEGF-B/AMPKa pathway.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 632-640, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011529

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) most often develops in patients with liver disease characterized by chronic non-resolving inflammation. The inflammatory response is mainly derived from innate immune cells, and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in the development of tumors.It is usually chemotactic from mononuclear progenitor cells in the blood to tumor tissue, then is induced by the tumor microenvironment and further develops into TAMs. They play an important role in promoting tumor growth,angiogenesis and tumor invasion and inducing tumor tissues to form an environment without inhibition mechanisms. As the relationship between TAMs and malignant tumors becomes clearer, TAMs are beginning to be seen as therapeutic targets. The heterogeneity of TAM subtypes and their origin and dynamic phenotype during the initiation and progression of HCC has been partially unraveled. It further forms the base for developing therapeutic agents by decreasing the population of TAMs via blocking recruitment of bone marrow-derived monocytes and functionally reprograms TAMs to anti-tumoral behavior. This review focuses on the preclinical evolution and hitherto clinical trials for TAM-targeted therapy in HCC.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 752-756, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006672

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To prepare positron emission computed tomography (PET) molecular probes targeting macrophages using Nb119 and BCⅡ10 labeled with 68Ga nuclide. 【Methods】 To explore the labeling conditions of nanobodies with 68Ga nuclides, first, the anti-Vsig4 nanobody Nb119 and isotype control antibody BCⅡ10 were incubated with NOTA and then purified to obtain the chelating agent-modified NOTA-Nb119 and NOTA-BCⅡ10. The NOTA-Nb119 and NOTA-BCⅡ10 were further incubated with 68Ga. Finally, NOTA-Nb119 was identified by SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF methods, and the radiochemical purity was detected by radio-HPLC. 【Results】 The results of SDS-PAGE showed that the lanes of the successfully labeled NOTA-Nb119 had apparent hysteresis than the unlabeled nanobody band, which proved that the molecular weight of the labeled product was increased and NOTA successfully modified the nanobody. Subsequently, 68Ga nuclides could successfully label Nb119 and BCⅡ10. According to radio-HPLC detection, the radiochemical purity of NOTA-Nb119 and NOTA-BCⅡ10 labeled with 68Ga was greater than 90% and remained stable. 【Conclusion】 68Ga-labeled nanobodies have high radiochemical purity and high stability, indicating that this study can be applied to other nanobodies for modification and labeling and provides a practical and feasible method for the preparation of PET using nanobodies.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 704-710, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct cytarabine-resistant acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines, and explore the correlation between Sirt1, PGC-1α expression levels and drug resistance.@*METHODS@#Human acute promyelocytic leukemia Kasumi-1 cells were induced by the method of gradually increasing the concentration of Ara-C drug. The IC50 value of Kasumi-1 cells before and after drug addition was detected by CCK-8 method, so as to construct Ara-C resistant cell lines. The expression levels of Sirt1 and PGC-1α mRNA in Kasumi-1 drug-resistant cell lines and their parental cell lines were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the expression levels of Sirt1 and PGC-1α protein in kasumi-1 drug-resistant cell lines and their parental cell lines were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The constructed Kasumi-1 cell line had common morphological characteristics of drug-resistant cell lines under microscope, and the drug resistance index was greater than 5, indicating that Kasumi-1 drug-resistant cells had good drug resistance after the construction. The RT-qPCR and Western blot assays showed that the expression levels of Sirt1 and PGC-1α mRNA and protein in the drug-resistant cell lines were higher than those of the parental cell lines (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#AML cell lines resistant to Ara-C can be successfully induced by the method of gradually increasing the concentration, and the co-high expression of Sirt1 and PGC-1α may mediate the drug resistance of AML cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Cytarabine/pharmacology , Drug Resistance , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sirtuin 1
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 505-512, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943027

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the anatomical architecture of the prostatic part of the neurovascular bundle (NVB) in total mesorectal excision (TME). Methods: A descriptive cohort study and an anatomical observation study were carried out. A total of 38 male patients with rectal cancer who underwent TME in the Department of Colorectal Surgery at the affiliated Union hospital of Fujian Medical University between November 2013 and March 2015 were included. A total of 4 hemipelvis were examined at the Laboratory of Clinical Applied Anatomy, Fujian Medical University. The following outcomes were observed: 1) the clinical significance of bleeding of the prostatic part of NVB: surgical videos were reviewed and the incidence of bleeding was recorded. The urogenital function was assessed using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score. The correlation between prostatic part bleeding and postoperative urogenital function was evaluated. 2) anatomical observation: the vessels, nerve fibers, as well as their surrounding fatty tissue from the prostatic part were treated as a whole, namely, the fat pad of the prostatic part. The anatomical architecture of the prostatic part in the surgical videos was reviewed and interpreted with the cadaveric findings. Categorical variables were compared between groups using a Fisher exact probability. while continuous variables with skewed distribution were compared between groups using the Mann-Whiteny U test. Results: The median age of the included 38 patients was 57 years (range, 31-75), and the median tumor distance to the anal verge was 6 cm (range, 1-8). Of them, a total number of 21 (55.3%) patients had bleeding of the prostatic part of NVB (bleeding group), while the rest had not (17 cases, 44.7%, non-bleeding group). 1) the clinical significance of bleeding of the prostatic part of NVB. The urinary function significantly decreased in patients in the bleeding group according to IPSS score after the 3rd month and the 6rd month of the surgery [7 (0-16) vs. 2 (0-3), Z=-1.787, P=0.088; 2 (0-15) vs. 0 (0-2), Z=-2.270, P=0.028]. There was no difference regarding the IPSS score between the two groups after 1 year of the surgery (P>0.05). With a total of 23 patients with normal preoperative sexual activity included, 87.5% (7/8) of patients in the non-bleeding group can expect to return to their preoperative baseline, this incidence was significantly higher than that of only 40% (6/15) in the bleeding group (P=0.029). 2) anatomical observation: for cadaveric observation, the prostatic part of NVB was located in the narrow triangular space composed of anterolateral walls of the rectum, the posterolateral surface of the prostate and the medial surface of the levator ani musculature. The tiny vascular branches and nerve fibers from the prostatic part were hard to identify. The cavernosal nerves cannot reliably be distinguished from the neural supply to the prostate, rectum and levator ani. In the cross-section of levels of prostatic base and mid-prostate in cadaveric hemipelvis specimens, the boundary of the prostatic part fat pad was partly overlapped and merged with the boundary of the mesorectum. Intraoperative observation showed that the areas of overlap referred to the rectal branches from the prostatic part piercing the proper fascia to supply the mesorectum, which carried the largest tension and high risk of bleeding during circumferential dissection toward the perirectal plane. The ultrasonic scalpel was required to pre-coagulate the rectal branches at the point close to the proper fascia of the rectum to prevent bleeding. In the cross-section of the prostatic apex level, the prostatic part approached ventrally and its boundary was away from the boundary of the mesorectum. Conclusions: NVB prostatic part injury is one of the causes of urogenital dysfunction after TME. The nerve fibers from the prostatic part were tiny, and its functional zones cannot be distinguished during operation. Therein, the fat pad of the prostatic part should be protected as a whole. Understanding the morphology of the fat pad of the prostatic part provides invaluable surgical guidance to dissect this critical area. When dissecting around the anterolateral rectal wall, appropriate anti-traction tension should be maintained and the rectal branches from the prostatic part should be coagulated with an ultrasonic scalpel to prevent bleeding.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cadaver , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy , Prostate , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/anatomy & histology
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 685-690, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of the Varian real-time position management (RPM) respiratory gating system on radiotherapy planning dosimetry.Methods:The radiotherapy plans of 40 cases with thoracic or abdominal tumors were retrospectively selected in this study. The motion phantom for quality control was adopted to generate respiratory gating signals, and the 30%-60% stable phase at the end of expiratory was selected as the respiratory gating window. The dose verification for the abovementioned radiotherapy plans was performed using the Portal Dosimetry (PD) system under RPM respiratory gating mode with the Edge accelerator. Afterwards, dose analysis was performed with different γ passing rate criteria and the distribution characteristics of γ values were analyzed. Finally, the verification results between the non-gating mode and the gating mode were compared.Results:Under the respiratory gating mode, the passing rates of all intensity-modulated radiation therapy/volumetric-modulated arc therapy (IMRT/VMAT) plans with or without flattening filters were over 95.5% by γ criteria of (3%, 3 mm) or (3%, 2 mm) and were over 90% by stricter γ criteria of (2%, 2 mm). All plans met the clinical requirements recommended by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). The passing rates of dose verification under non-gating mode were slightly better than those under respiratory gating mode, and the differences between the two modes were statistically significant (3%/3 mm, Z =-1.45; 3%/2 mm, Z =-2.86; 2%/2 mm, Z =-3.70; 1%/1 mm, Z =-4.52; P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the minimum and maximum values of γ and the share of γ > 1.5 of plan verification result under the two modes. However, the average value and standard deviation of the γ were generally smaller under the non-gating mode. Conclusions:The impact of the introduction of RPM respiratory gating technology on dose is clinically acceptable, and the execution of these plans in this gating mode is safe and reliable.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 622-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a universal screwdriver for sealing the end of the central hole of the femoral interlocking intramedullary nail, so as to shorten the operation time of the tail cap implantation of the intramedullary nail and improve the accuracy of implantation.@*METHODS@#Total 77 patients with intertrochanteric fractures underwent femoral interlocking intramedullary nail (FIIN) surgery from June 2018 to June 2019. There were 28 males and 49 females, aged 55 to 80 (76.22± 7.32) years old, and course of disease was 20 to 40 h. All patients were divided into universal screwdriver group (39 cases) and ordinary screwdriver group (38 cases) according to whether the self-developed universal screw was applicable during the operation. The blood loss during tail cap implantation, the time of tail cap implantation, the success rate of one-time implantation, and the postoperative curative effect were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of(20.00±6.38) months. The bleeding volume and the time of tail cap implantation in the universal screwdriver group were significantly lower thanthose in the ordinary screwdriver group (@*CONCLUSION@#The universal screwdriver is easy to operate during the operation when using the cap of the femoral intramedullary nail, the operation time is shortened, the amount of bleeding is reduced, and the treatment effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 715-717, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873877

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the secretion levels of serum tumor markers neuron specific enolase(NSE), glycoprotein antigen CA153 and CA199 in patients with retinoblastoma(RB).<p>METHODS: Data of 42 RB patients who received chemotherapy at Shenzhen People's Hospital between October 2017 and October 2019 were collected. The RB group was regrouped according to early and mid-term/advanced stages, and single/double eye involvement, the levels of serum tumor markers were compared between these subgroups and different genders.<p>RESULTS: The levels of tumor markers NSE, CA153 and CA199 in the advanced group were higher than those in the early and mid-term groups(49.69±18.45ng/mL <i>vs</i> 36.18±14.92ng/mL, 22.38±12.03U/mL <i>vs</i> 15.10±8.32U/mL, 46.44±18.76U/mL <i>vs </i>30.21±24.03U/mL, <i>P</i><0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference in expression between the groups of different genders and single and binocular involvement(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Serum NSE, CA153 and CA199 are significantly increased in advanced group than early and mid-term group, and they are of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment of RB. The difference between NSE in single and double eyes is worthy of further study.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1474-1479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879053

ABSTRACT

To study the effect and mechanism of extract of Quzhou Aurantii Fructus(QAF) on liver inflammation in CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis mice. Totally 60 C57 BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into control group(distilled water, oral), model group(distilled water, oral), colchicines group(Col, colchicines 2 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral), low-dose QAF group(QAF-L, QAF 100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) and high-dose QAF group(QAF-H, QAF 300 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) by random number table method. The model group and each administration group were injected with carbon tetrachloride(CCl_4) 1 mL·kg~(-1)(CCl_4-olive oil 1∶4), twice a week, totally 6 weeks. After the last administration, the mice were sacrificed, and serum and liver tissue were collected. Serum ALT and AST levels were measured in each group to observe the liver function of mice. The pathological changes and inflammatory cell infiltration in liver were observed by HE staining and F4/80 immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β were detected by RT-PCR. The protein expressions of IκBα, p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3, caspase-1 and cleaved caspase-1 were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that QAF significantly reduced serum ALT and AST levels, and alleviated the degree of liver damage.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that QAF significantly reduced liver inflammatory cell infiltration in liver fibrosis mice. The results of RT-PCR and Western blot showed that QAF significantly inhibited mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β in liver of fibrosis mice. QAF also suppressed the degradation of IκBα protein and reduced p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 protein expressions. In conclusion, QAF improves CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis in mice. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Inflammasomes/genetics , Inflammation , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , NF-kappa B/genetics , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Plant Extracts
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1757-1768, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887028

ABSTRACT

The gut microbiota takes part in many in vivo important physiological activities of host, such as the substance metabolism and energy exchange, etc. The interaction between the host and the intestinal microorganisms has attracted scholars' attention. Flavonoids are a group of polyphenol compounds widely found in natural plants, with the bioactive effect of regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, anti-inflammation. However, their low bioavailability cause difficulty to clarify the effective substances and the mechanism of flavonoids. Apart from the metabolic effects of liver on flavonoids, recent studies have shown that the gut microbiota can interact with flavonoids. On the one hand, flavonoids can be metabolized by gut microbiota and subsequent metabolites can produce pharmacological activities different from the parent components. On the other hand, flavonoids and their metabolites can in turn regulate the composition and physiological activities of the intestinal flora, which seems to provide a new insight for the research on the effective substances of flavonoids. In this review, we introduced the metabolic characteristics of flavonoids under the actions of intestinal bacteria, and the regulation effects of flavonoids on gut microbiota was also summarized. Meanwhile, the therapeutic effect of flavonoids under the action of intestinal bacteria was discussed.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1070-1078, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886981

ABSTRACT

Z-VAD-FMK was combined with hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to establish a necroptosis model of H9c2 cells to mimic the pathological changes of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) in vitro and to study the effect and mechanism of tilianin against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. A cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell viability, and commercial kits were used to detect lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the cell culture supernatant. Hoechst 33342/PI immunofluorescence staining was used to detect cell death. DCFH-DA, BBcellProbeTMM61, and JC-1 probes were used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The results show that the cell viability, SOD activity, and MMP of the model group induced by H/R injury decreased, as compared with control group, but the necroptosis rate, LDH level, and ROS release increased significantly. Furthermore, mPTP of the model group cells opened, and TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly higher. Molecular docking modeling showed that tilianin can bind to calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), and Western blot results showed that compared with control group, the expression levels of p-CaMKII and phospho-mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein increased in the model group, and tilianin could decrease the expression level of these proteins. The above results indicate that tilianin can protect H9c2 cells by inhibiting the phosphorylation of CaMKⅡ at threonine 287, protecting mitochondrial function, and inhibiting the opening of mPTP to prevent necroptosis. This study has value for research on new methods to treat H/R injury.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1751-1756, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886718

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To systematically compare and evaluate the clinical efficacy of intraocular lens(IOL)incarceration and non-incarceration in pediatric cataract.<p>METHODS: Literatures were searched from domestic and foreign databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, and CNKI, and the paper editions of relevant journals were consulted as well. The retrieval period of literature was from January 2000 to January 2021. The screened literatures were evaluated and extracted by two experienced researchers. After performing the evaluation guidelines of Cochrane collaboration and the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale(NOS), the Rev Man 5.4 software was applicated to complete the Meta-analysis.<p>RESULTS:Seven references(328 eyes)were involved in this analysis. The results of the Meta-analysis showed that the two groups had statistically significant differences in best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)>0.5 eyes(<i>RR</i>=2.00, 95%<i>CI</i>: 1.18-3.37, <i>P</i>=0.01), IOL shift(<i>RR</i>=0.28, 95%<i>CI</i>: 0.17-0.46, <i>P</i><0.00001)and mild or above opacification of the visual axis(<i>RR</i>=0.35, 95%<i>CI</i>: 0.19-0.65, <i>P</i>=0.0007)after surgery. However, there was no significant difference in the occurrence of posterior synechia(<i>RR</i>=0.67, 95%<i>CI</i>: 0.10-4.33, <i>P</i>=0.67)and very mild opacification of the visual axis(<i>RR</i>=1.05, 95%<i>CI</i>: 0.64-1.73, <i>P</i>=0.84).<p>CONCLUSION:IOL incarceration in the treatment of pediatric cataract can significantly improve postoperative BCVA, reduce occurrence of IOL shift and prevent mild or above opacification of the visual axis, which has more advantages in overall clinical efficacy. But more high quality prospective studies should be still required for further analysis.

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