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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2862-2874, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999037

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-Q-TOF/MSE technology coupled with UNIFI database was used to develop a rapid, high coverage, accurate and efficient chemical composition qualitative method for Xuezhikang Capsule. A UNIFI database was established utilizing compound name, formula, structure, following automatic matching with high-resolution mass numbers, isotope distributions, mass deviations, fragment ion matching, and chromatographic retention features in UNIFI database to achieve the qualitative results of natural products in Xuezhikang Capsules. Combined with manual confirmation, 82 chemical components were identified in Xuezhikang Capsules, and the MS2 fragmentation pathway of typical organic acids, flavonoids, monacrines, and monascus were analyzed to ensure accuracy of the LC-MS workflow. This study clarified the chemical substance basis of Xuezhikang Capsules by LC-MS technology, providing experimental data support for the identification of key quality attributes, quality control and consistency evaluation in the manufacturing process of Xuezhikang Capsules.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 880-888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inflammatory effects of Cinobufotalin on monocytes in resting state and macrophages in activated state and its molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#THP-1 cells were stimulated with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate to induce differentiation into macrophages. Lipopolysaccharides was added to activate macrophages in order to establish macrophage activation model. Cinobufotalin was added to the inflammatory cell model for 24 h as a treatment. CCK-8 was used to detect cell proliferation, Annexin V /PI double staining flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, flow cytometry was used to detect macrophage activation, and cytometric bead array was used to detect cytokines. Transcriptome sequencing was used to explore the gene expression profile regulated by Cinobufotalin. Changes in the significantly regulated molecules were verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#1∶25 concentration of Cinobufotalin significantly inhibited the proliferation of resting monocytes(P<0.01), and induced apoptosis(P<0.01), especially the activated macrophages(P<0.001, P<0.001). Cinobufotalin significantly inhibited the activation of macrophages, and significantly down-regulated the inflammatory cytokines(IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8) released by activated macrophages(P<0.001). Its mechanism was achieved by inhibiting TLR4/MYD88/P-IκBa signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#Cinobufotalin can inhibit the inflammatory factors produced by the over-activation of macrophages through TLR4/MYD88/P-IκBa pathway, which is expected to be applied to the treatment and research of diseases related to the over-release of inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Macrophages/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , NF-kappa B
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 311-318, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The leukemia cells from patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) were inoculated into NCG mice to establish a stable human T-ALL leukemia animal model.@*METHODS@#Leukemia cells from bone marrow of newly diagnosed T-ALL patients were isolated, and the leukemia cells were inoculated into NCG mice via tail vein. The proportion of hCD45 positive cells in peripheral blood of the mice was detected regularly by flow cytometry, and the infiltration of leukemia cells in bone marrow, liver, spleen and other organs of the mice was detected by pathology and immunohistochemistry. After the first generation mice model was successfully established, the spleen cells from the first generation mice were inoculated into the second generation mice, and after the second generation mice model was successfully established, the spleen cells from the second generation mice were further inoculated into the third generation mice, and the growth of leukemia cells in peripheral blood of the mice in each group was monitored by regular flow cytometry to evaluate the stability of this T-ALL leukemia animal model.@*RESULTS@#On the 10th day after inoculation, hCD45+ leukemia cells could be successfully detected in the peripheral blood of the first generation mice, and the proportion of these cells was gradually increased. On average, the mice appeared listless 6 or 7 weeks after inoculation, and a large number of T lymphocyte leukemia cells were found in the peripheral blood and bone marrow smear of the mice. The spleen of the mice was obviously enlarged, and immunohistochemical examination showed that hCD3+ leukemia cells infiltrated into bone marrow, liver and spleen extensively. The second and third generation mice could stably develop leukemia, and the average survival time was 4-5 weeks.@*CONCLUSION@#Inoculating leukemia cells from bone marrow of patients with T-ALL into NCG mice via tail vein can successfully construct a patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDTX) model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Heterografts , Bone Marrow , Disease Models, Animal , T-Lymphocytes , Mice, SCID
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 390-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980733

ABSTRACT

The traditional life concept of "body-mind holism" in Chinese medicine has drawn a special attention with the development of modern psychosomatic medicine. The "body-mind holism" is valuable in the guidance for clinical acupuncture practice, but, it is only remained on the theoretical significance by the medical masters in the past dynasties. In the paper, based on the understanding of Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic), the similarities and differences are compared between the body-mind theory and psychosomatic medicine. In association with clinical observation, from three aspects, i.e. body-mind pathogenesis, acupoint detection and observing the mind, and body-mind treatment, the guidance of "body-mind holism" is explored for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion; the referents of "body" and "mind" are clarified in views of disease, diagnosis and treatment; and the treatment strategies of acupuncture and moxibustion are discussed in the perspective of "body-mind holism".


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Psychosomatic Medicine , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6361-6370, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008834

ABSTRACT

Moutan Cortex(MC) residues produced after the extraction of MC can be re-extracted for active components and used to produce organic fertilizer and animal feed. However, they are currently disposed as domestic waste, which pollutes the environment. This study analyzed the chemical composition of the medicinal material, residues, and residue compost of MC by UPLC-UV-Q-TOF-MS. Furthermore, the nutrient composition of MC residues and the residue compost was analyzed. The results showed that:(1)MC residues had lower content of chemicals than the medicinal material, and content of paeonol, gallic acid, and galloylglucose in MC residues were about 1/3 of that in the medicinal material. The content of chemicals were further reduced after residue composting, and the quantitative compounds were all below the limits of detection.(2)Compared with MC residues, the residue compost showed the total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, and organic matter content increasing by 122.67%, 31.32%, 120.39%, and 32.06%, respectively. Therefore, we concluded that the MC residues can be used to re-extract active compounds such as paeonol, gallic acid, and galloylglucose. The MC residue compost is a high-quality organic fertilizer containing minimal content of chemicals and can be widely used in the cultivation of Chinese medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Composting , Fertilizers , Soil/chemistry , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Nutrients , Acetophenones , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia
6.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 673-680, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976513

ABSTRACT

Background Flurochloridone (FLC) is toxic to male reproduction and can induce apoptosis of testicular tissue and supporting cells under oxidative stress. Of particular concern is whether nuclear factor-erythrocyte 2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) signaling pathway participate this process. Objective To observe apoptosis of testicular tissue and sertoli TM4 cells and alterations of Nrf2/HO-1 and NFκB signaling pathways in mice treated with FLC in vivo/in vitro. Methods (1) Animal experiment. Testis samples were harvested from male C57BL/6 mice after 28-day FLC (0, 3, 15, 75, and 375 mg·kg−1 per day) exposure via oral route. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in homogenate of testicular tissue were measured by colorimetry. Apoptosis of testicular tissue was evaluated by TUNEL staining. Expression and distribution of Nrf2 and NFκB were detected by immunohistochemistry. Protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), NFκB, inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta (IKKβ), and phosphorylated recombinant inhibitory subunit of nuclear factor kappa-B alpha (P-IκBα) in testicular tissue homogenate were determined by Western blotting. (2) Cell experiment. TM4 cell lines were treated with 40, 80, 120, 160, and 200 μmol·L−1 FLC for 6 h, and cell viability was detected by CCK-8. After 6 h exposure to 40, 80, and 160 μmol·L−1 FLC, the apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, and the protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1, NFκB, IKKβ, and IκBα were detected by Western blotting. Results (1) Animal experiment. Apoptosis occurred in the interstitial and basal parts of spermatogenic tubules in male C57BL/6 mice after 28 days of oral FLC exposure. Compared with the control group, the MDA level in testicular tissue of the 375 mg·kg−1 FLC-treated group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the SOD activity was significantly decreased (P<0.05). After 375 mg·kg−1 FLC exposure, apoptosis occurred in the interstitial and basal parts of spermatogenic tubules. The results of immunohistochemistry showed the expression of Nrf2 and NFκB in the interstitium and basal part of spermatogenic tubules of the treated groups. Compared with the control group, the protein levels of Nrf2, NQO1, P-IκBα, NFκB, and IKKβ in the 15, 75, and 375 mg·kg-1 groups were significantly increased (P<0.001), and the HO-1 protein level was significantly increased in the 375 mg·kg−1 group (P<0.001). (2) Cell experiment. Compared with the control group, the TM4 cell viabilities in the 40, 80, 120, 160, and 200 μmol·L−1 FLC-treated groups significantly decreased (P<0.01). The apoptosis rates were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the apoptosis rates increased from 5.7% in the control group to 7.4%, 9.4%, and 11.7% in the 40, 80, and 160 μmol·L−1, respectively. The Nrf2 protein level in the 40 μmol·L−1 group was significantly increased (P<0.01), while the levels significantly decreased in the 80 and 160 μmol·L−1 groups (P<0.01). The HO-1 protein levels in the 40, 80, and 160 μmol·L−1 groups were significantly increased (P<0.01). The level of NQO1 protein in the 40 μmol·L−1 group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The NFκB protein levels were significantly increased in the 80 and 160 μmol·L−1 groups (P<0.001). The IκBα protein levels were significantly decreased in all treated groups (P<0.001). The IKKβ protein had no significant change. Conclusion FLC induces testicular tissue apoptosis, and the process affects Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and NFκB signaling pathway. The in vitro study confirms that FLC could induce apoptosis of TM4 cells and activate Nrf2/HO-1 and NFκB signaling pathways.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 277-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965843

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression of RNA binding motif single stranded interacting protein 3 (RBMS3) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tissues and its relationship with the clinicopathological features and prognosis of EOC. MethodsThe study enrolled the paraffin-embedded tissues from 110 EOC cases and 73 benign epithelial ovarian tumor cases pathologically diagnosed in the first affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January 2015 to December 2019. By using anti-RBMS3 polyclonal antibody, the immunohistochemical staining was employed to detect RBMS3 expression in the tissues and then its correlation with the clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of EOC was analyzed. ResultsRBMS3 was expressed in both EOC and benign epithelial ovarian tumor tissues. RBMS3 expression in EOC tissues, significantly related with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, histological grade, CEA levels and survival status, was significantly lower than that in benign epithelial ovarian tumor tissues (P<0.05). Kaplan–Meier survival curve showed that low RBMS3 expression in EOC patients was correlated with decreased progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that RBMS3 expression, FIGO stage, residual lesion size, intestinal metastasis and intraperitoneal implantation were associated with OS of EOC patients (P<0.05); multivariate analysis showed that low RBMS3 expression and intestinal metastasis were independent risk factors for poor prognosis in EOC patients (P<0.05). ConclusionsRBMS3 is expressed at low levels in EOC tissues, which is closely related to poor prognosis of EOC patients. RBMS3 may function as a tumor suppressor gene in EOC tissues and can be used as an EOC-independent prognostic marker for targeted therapy against EOC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1112-1122, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the physicochemical and biological properties of different magnesium modified calcium phosphate bone cements.Methods:The different magnesium modified calcium phosphate bone cements were divided into magnesium citrate, magnesium lactate, magnesium malate, magnesium phosphate and magnesium glycinate groups, each of which was added with different magnesium agents in the proportion of 0%, 1%, 3% and 5% of the total weight of calcium phosphate bone cements. The initial and final setting time, injectability, anti-collapse performance and compressive strength of different magnesium modified calcium phosphate bone cements were tested. Furthermore, the screened bone cement extracts were used to culture with third generation osteoblasts. Bioactivity assays were performed using the Cell Proliferation and Toxicity Assay Kit (CCK-8). Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and Alizarin Red S (ARS) staining were performed on osteoblasts to observe the osteogenic activity of magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements.Results:The addition of different proportions of different magnesium agents led to the shortening of the initial and final setting time of modified calcium phosphate bone cements. Moreover, the final setting time of 5% magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements was the shortest (<40 minutes), which was significantly shorter compared with other magnesium agents in the same proportion (all P<0.05). With the addition of different magnesium agents in different proportions, the injectability of bone cements was gradually increased, and the injectability of 5% magnesium malate calcium phosphate bone cements reached the highest for (87.3±1.9)%, which was significantly increased compared with other magnesium agents in the same proportion (all P<0.05). The anti-collapse performance of bone cements was decreased with the addition of different magnesium agents in different proportions. Magnesium citrate, magnesium phosphate and magnesium glycinate modified calcium phosphate bone cements could not resist the flushing of deionized water. In particular, magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements had the best anti-collapse performance, with the maximum weight loss rate for only (9.8±2.3)% after 30 minutes of deionized water flushing, which was better than the rest of the groups (all P<0.05). The compressive strength of magnesium lactate and magnesium phosphate modified calcium phosphate bone cements showed a decrease compared with original calcium phosphate bone cements, while the compressive strength of magnesium citrate and magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements was significantly increased compared with original calcium phosphate bone cements, of which 3% magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements had the greatest compressive strength of (6.2±0.2)MPa, significantly higher than the rest of the groups (all P<0.05). The sieve test yielded magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cement, which had a weight loss of (27.0±0.9)% at 35 days in vitro. The release of magnesium ions was increased with increasing magnesium malate dose in the in vitro environment of magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements in different ratios. A stable magnesium ion release was achieved within 35 days.Also, the pro-proliferative and osteogenic effects of modified calcium phosphate bone cements on osteoblasts were more obvious with increase of magnesium malate dose. For 5% magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements, the cell number, ALP staining area ratio and calcium nodule area ratio were significantly increased compared with the groups in the proportion of 0% and 1% magnesium malate (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Among magnesium citrate, magnesium lactate, magnesium malate, magnesium phosphate and magnesium glycinate modified calcium phosphate bone cements, magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements have relatively suitable setting time, excellent anti-collapse performance and mechanical strength. Meanwhile, 5% magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements have better biological activity among different ratios of magnesium malate modified calcium phosphate bone cements, suggesting a potential value for clinical application.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 135-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) combined with sirolimus on proliferation and apoptosis of the human cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cell line Colo-16, and to explore underlying mechanisms.Methods:Cultured Colo-16 cells were divided into 5 groups: normal cell group receiving conventional culture and treatment with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) , negative control group transfected with a shRNA-NC-expressing plasmid and treated with PBS, sirolimus group receiving conventional culture and sirolimus treatment, EGFR shRNA group transfected with an EGFR shRNA-expressing plasmid and treated with PBS, and combined group transfected with an EGFR shRNA-expressing plasmid and treated with sirolimus. Methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay was performed to evaluate cellular proliferative activity in the above groups from 24 to 96 hours, and flow cytometry to detect cell apoptosis after 48-hour treatment. Semiquantitative RT-PCR was conducted to determine the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and Bax, and Western blot analysis to determine the expression of apoptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, Bcl-2, Bax, cell proliferation-related proteins phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) , phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) , phosphorylated 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p-P70S6k) , and cyclin D1. Comparisons among groups were carried out by using one-way analysis of variance, and multiple comparisons between 2 groups by using Student-Newman-Keuls q test. Results:MTT assay showed that the proliferative activity of Colo-16 cells was significantly lower in the sirolimus group, EGFR shRNA group and combined group during 24 - 96 hours than in the normal cell group (all P < 0.05) , and higher in the combined group than in the sirolimus group and EGFR shRNA group at 24-96 hours (all P < 0.001) , and there was no significant difference in the cellular proliferative activity at any time points between the normal cell group and negative control group (all P > 0.05) . Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate was significantly higher in the sirolimus group, EGFR shRNA group and combined group (9.52% ± 0.25%, 12.65% ± 0.23%, 19.81% ± 0.31%, respectively) than in the normal cell group (3.33% ± 0.18%, q = 60.07, 78.08, 122.81, respectively, all P < 0.001) and negative control group (3.42% ± 0.19%, q = 59.90, 77.91, 122.64, respectively, all P < 0.001) , and was highest in the combined group. As RT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed, the sirolimus group, EGFR shRNA group and combined group showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and protein expression of cyclin D1, p-AKT, p-mTOR, p-P70S6K and Bcl-2, but significantly increased mRNA expression of Bax and protein expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9 and Bax compared with the normal cell group (all P < 0.05) . Compared with the sirolimus group and EGFR shRNA group, the combined group showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and protein expression of cyclin D1, p-AKT, p-mTOR, p-P70S6K and Bcl-2 (all P < 0.05) , but significantly increased mRNA expression of Bax and protein expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9 and Bax (all P < 0.01) . Conclusion:EGFR shRNA and sirolimus exerted a synergistic effect in inhibiting the proliferation and promoting the apoptosis of Colo-16 cells, which may be related to the inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) /AKT/mTOR pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 431-439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the postoperative visual quality after phacoemulsification combined with toric (ART) and non-toric (ReSTOR) multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.Methods:A cohort study was conducted.Thirty-nine cataract patients (50 eyes) who underwent phacoemulsification combined with ART IOL implantation were enrolled as ART group, and 32 patients (41 eyes) who received ReSTOR IOL implantation were enrolled as ReSTOR group in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital from January 2017 to January 2018.Three months after surgery, the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UIVA) and uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA), manifest refraction, defocus curve, contrast sensitivity (CS), modulation transfer function cutoff, Strehl2D ratio (SR), objective scattering index, OQAS values under 100%, 20%, 9% contrasts (OV 100%, OV 20%, OV 9%), total aberrations, total lower-order aberrations, total higher-order aberrations, spherical aberrations, coma and trefoil aberrations of the two groups were tested and compared.The study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital (No.2019KY[L]-04). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to entering the cohort.Results:UDVA at 3 months after surgery was (0.07±0.09)LogMAR and (0.09±0.12)LogMAR in ART group and ReSTOR group, and CDVA was (-0.01±0.07)LogMAR and (-0.01±0.07)LogMAR, and UIVA was (0.23±0.11)LogMAR and (0.22±0.13)LogMAR, and UNVA was (0.11±0.15)LogMAR and (0.06±0.11)LogMAR.UNVA was slightly better in ReSTOR group than ART group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.085, P=0.040). The mean depth of focus was (4.12±0.79)D in ART group and (4.24±0.95)D in ReSTOR group.The postoperative residual astigmatism (0.32±0.31)D was significantly lower than preoperative corneal astigmatism (1.27±0.40)D in ART group ( t=13.209, P<0.001). CS values at 6, 12, and 18 c/d under photopic without glare, 12 and 18 c/d under photopic with glare, 3, 6, and 12 c/d under scotopic without glare in ART group were slightly lower than those in ReSTOR group, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05) without clinical significance.SR and OV 20% values in ART group were 0.14±0.05 and 0.55±0.24, which were slightly lower than 0.17±0.06 and 0.66±0.29 in ReSTOR group, with statistically significant differences ( t=-2.012, P=0.048; t=-2.557, P=0.043). Total aberrations and coma aberration under 5 mm pupil diameter in ART group were 0.88(0.59, 1.13)μm and 0.21(0.13, 0.30)μm, which were higher than 0.58(0.47, 0.74)μm and 0.10(0.08, 0.21)μm in ReSTOR group, showing statistically significant differences ( Z=-2.073, P=0.038; Z=-2.101, P=0.036). Conclusions:Cataract phacoemulsification combined with ART IOL implantation can provide good vision and visual quality while correcting preoperative corneal astigmatism, and the resolution in dim light or low to medium spatial frequencies is slightly weaker than eyes implanted with ReSTOR IOL.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 713-719, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006666

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the clinical effects and screw placement accuracy for treating lumbar disc herniation between robot-assisted minimal invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (RA-MIS-TLIF) and minimal invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF). 【Methods】 We retrospectively recruited 69 patients with single segment lumbar disc herniation treated between January 2018 and August 2019 at Honghui Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University. There were cases of 33 RA-MIS-TLIF (RA group) and 36 MIS-TLIF (MIS-TLIF group). Subsequently, the patients’ baseline characteristics were collected, including age, gender, body mass index, complication with diabetes, duration of symptoms, operated segment, and follow-up time. We also collected perioperative parameters such as operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, screw placement accuracy, wound drainage, hospitalization duration, postoperative complicatins, and fusion rate. Lower back pain, lower extremity pain visual analogue score (VAS), and lumbar Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores (JOA) were obtained preoperatively, postoperative 3 days/6 months/12 months, and the last follow-up. 【Results】 All the procedures were successfully completed and the follow-up time was 14.82±1.83 (RA group) and 15.11±1.62 (MIS-TLIF group) months, without significant difference (P>0.05). Compared with MIS-TLIF group, RA group had less intraoperative blood loss [(116.67±18.48) min vs. (128.06±22.53) min], fluoroscopy frequency [(12.42±2.28) vs. (15.67±2.46)], screw placement accuracy (93.18% vs. 84.03%), postoperative drainage [(73.03±23.52) mL vs. (88.33±28.54) mL], and shorter hospitalization stay [(6.45±1.52)d vs. (7.69±1.85) d] (all P0.05). The VAS of lower back pain and lower extremity pain, and lumbar JOA were significantly improved after the operation (P0.05). Meanwhile, fusion rate and incidence of complications did not significantly differ between the two groups (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 Both robot-assisted MIS-TLIF and MIS-TLIF can achieve excellent clinical effects in treating single-segment lumbar disc herniation. However, the former can improve the accuracy of screw placement and reduce intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, postoperative drainage and hospitalization time, which indicates a promising application.

12.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1167-1169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004082

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the related viral markers of HBV DNA reactive samples among voluntary blood donors in Shiyan area, so as to provide some reference for donor re-entry. 【Methods】 From August 2019 to June 2021, 78 samples with HBV DNA reactivity from voluntary blood donors in our blood station were collected, and they were further detected for HBV viral markers(using chemiluminescence assays), nucleic acid testing(NAT) of virus quantification and sequencing analysis. 【Results】 Forty-seven (60.3%)out of 78 HBV DNA reactive samples were from repeated blood donors, and 56.4%(44/78)of them were over 45 years old. Among the five viral markers of hepatitis B, 37.2%(29/78) were positive for anti-HBs alone, 19.2%(15/78) were positive for anti-HBe+ anti-HBc and anti-HBs+ anti-HBe+ anti-HBc, and 11.5% (9/78) were all items negative.A total of 62.8%(49/78) of samples were detected by NAT quantification and seven samples had been successfully sequenced for HBV. 【Conclusion】 NAT can effectively minimize the missed detection of HBsAg methodology and reduce the risk of HBV transmission through blood. The re-entry of HBV DNA reactive blood donors should be treated with care.

13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 345-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927386

ABSTRACT

Based on the difference between disease and syndrome differentiation of acupuncture and moxibustion and each department of TCM, i.e. internal medicine, external medicine, gynecology and pediatrics, it is believed that "differentiation of disease location" is the key of disease and syndrome differentiation of acupuncture and moxibustion. According to the disease location, in the section "treatment" of Science of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, the disorders/illness are classified as zangfu disorder, disorders of limbs and meridians, dermatological disorder, ophthalmological and otorhinolaryngological disorder, gynecological disorder, as well as qi, blood and body fluid disorder. Besides, the rules of disease and syndrome differentiation, as well as treatment characteristics of each category are explained separately. It is considered that the clinical diagnosis and treatment system of acupuncture and moxibustion should be constructed by focusing on "differentiation of disease location".


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Moxibustion , Syndrome
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 171-175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014311

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is one of the main diseases with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is the common pathological results of several chronic irritant disease such as viral hepatitis ,alcohol abuse, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases and cholestatic liver diseases and will further develop into cirrhosis ,liver failure, portal hypertension and even death. The excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) that leads to disorder of liver structure is the main factor in the development of liver fibrosis. MicroRNAs are a class of 2225 nt endogenous noncoding small RNAs. Sufficient studies have shown that the abnormal expression of microRNAs is closely related to the progression of liver fibrosis. In this review, we summarize the regulatory effects of microRNAs discovered in recent years on the activation ,proliferation apoptosis and senescence of HSCs in liver fibrosisand the underlying mechanisms, putting forward the prospect.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 750-755, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of calcium phosphate cement(CPC)scaffold loaded with emodin(EMO)on osteogenic activity of osteoblasts.Methods:The bone cement scaffold was prepared by mixing EMO powder and CPC powder(ratio 1∶9),adding citric acid and then was poured into polytetrafluoroethylene mold(EMO-CPC group). A dose of 0.36 g CPC powder was mixed with citric acid and injected into the polytetrafluoroethylene mold(CPC group). General morphology,setting time(initial setting time and final setting time),injection rate and compressive strength of stents were compared between the two groups. Primary osteoblasts were extracted and co-cultured with two sets of scaffolds. After co-culture for 3 days,their characterization was observed by scanning electron microscopy. Live/dead cell staining and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT)colorimetric method were used to detect cell viability,toxicity and proliferation activity of scaffolds. Two sets of scaffolds were stained with immunofluorescence for osteopontin(OPN),and protein expression was observed under an inverted fluorescence microscope. After co-culture for 7 days,tetrazolium nitro blue/5-bromo-4-chloro- 3-indolyl-phosphate(NBT/BCIP)staining method was used for alkaline phosphatase(ALP)staining. After co-culture for 14 days,two sets of scaffolds were stained with Alizarin Red to detect their osteogenic activity.Results:Two sets of stents showed relatively smooth and flat topography under the scanning electron microscope. There were no significant differences in initial setting time,final setting time,injection rate and compressive strength of stents between two groups( P > 0.05). After co-culture for 3 days,the osteoblast clusters were adhered to the surface of the EMO-CPC scaffold,with good shape. Viable cell rate reached(98.2 ± 0.1)% in EMO-CPC group and(90.2% ± 0.1)% in CPC group( P <0.05). Cell proliferation activity in EMO-CPC group was stronger than that in CPC group( P < 0.05). OPN-specific staining showed that EMO-CPC group had stronger OPN protein fluorescence expression compared to CPC group. After co-culture for 7 days,expression of ALP in EMO-CPC group was higher than that in CPC group. After co-culture for 14 days,staining intensity of Alizarin Red in EMO-CPC group was more significant than that in CPC group. Conclusions:The EMO-CPC scaffold can provide a suitable environment for the growth of osteoblasts for it has better biocompatibility,cell proliferation and osteogenic activity than the CPC scaffold.

16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1289-1294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1)-proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 phosphorylation (pPyk2)-matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9) pathway in hyperoxia-induced lung injury in neonatal rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 neonatal rats were randomly placed in chambers containing room air (air group) or 95% medical oxygen (hyperoxia group) immediately after birth, with 8 rats in each group. All of the rats were sacrificed on day 8 of life. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue. ELISA was used to measure the levels of soluble LRP1 (sLRP1) and MMP9 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Western blot was used to measure the protein expression levels of LRP1, MMP9, Pyk2, and pPyk2 in lung tissue. RT-PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression levels of LRP1 and MMP9 in lung tissue.@*RESULTS@#The hyperoxia group had significantly higher levels of sLRP1 and MMP9 in serum and BALF than the air group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The activation of the LRP1-pPyk2-MMP9 pathway is enhanced in hyperoxia-induced lung injury in neonatal rats, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Hyperoxia/complications , Lung , Lung Injury/etiology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 593-598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 655-663, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008551

ABSTRACT

To investigate the antipyretic effect of active components of Mahuang Decoction in febrile rats, and explore its correlation with pharmacokinetics at different time points. The feverished rat models were induced by dry yeast, and intragastrically administered with the effective components of Mahuang Decoction with different orthogonal compatibility ratios. At different time points after administration, body temperature was measured; blood was taken from orbital vena plexus, and the contents of interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in rat serum were determined with the kits. Combined with the pharmacokinetic data of the seven effective components in Mahuang Decoction, PK-PD(pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics) data fitting was conducted by using the analysis method of non-atrioventricular model, and then the pharmacodynamic parameters were calculated to determine the optimal binding model. The results showed that the effective components of Mahuang Decoction inhibited the release of heat-causing factors IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α, and reduced the increase of body temperature. There was a significant lag between drug effect and blood drug concentration, which was consistent with Sigmoid-E_(max) model. The model fitting value showed a good correlation with mea-sured data, which could be used to evaluate and predict the correlation between PK and PD in Mahuang Decoction, and further applied to the multiple-indicator and multiple-effect study of PK-PD in other compound traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Ephedra sinica/chemistry , Fever/drug therapy , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Interleukin-6/blood , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 780-788, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833407

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This research was designed to investigate how miR-542-5p regulates the progression of hyperglycemia and hyperlipoidemia. @*Materials and Methods@#An in vivo model with diabetic db/db mice and an in vitro model with forskolin/dexamethasone (FSK/DEX)-induced primary hepatocytes and HepG2 cells were employed in the study. Bioinformatics analysis was conducted to identify the expression of candidate miRNAs in the liver tissues of diabetic and control mice. H&E staining revealed liver morphology in diabetic and control mice. Pyruvate tolerance tests, insulin tolerance tests, and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test were utilized to assess insulin resistance. ELISA was conducted to evaluate blood glucose and insulin levels. Red oil O staining showed lipid deposition in liver tissues. Luciferase reporter assay was used to depict binding between miR-542-5p and forkhead box O1 (FOXO1). @*Results@#MiR-542-5p expression was under-expressed in the livers of db/db mice. Further in vitro experiments revealed that FSK/DEX, which mimics the effects of glucagon and glucocorticoids, induced cellular glucose production in HepG2 cells and in primaryhepatocytes cells. Notably, these changes were reversed by miR-542-5p. We found that transcription factor FOXO1 is a target of miR-542-5p. Further in vivo study indicated that miR-542-5p overexpression decreases FOXO1 expression, thereby reversing increases in blood glucose, blood lipids, and glucose-related enzymes in diabetic db/db mice. In contrast, anti-miR-542-5p exerted an adverse influence on blood glucose and blood lipid metabolism, and its stimulatory effects were significantly inhibited by sh-FOXO1 in normal control mice. @*Conclusion@#Collectively, our results indicated that miR-542-5p inhibits hyperglycemia and hyperlipoidemia by targeting FOXO1.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1140-1142, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800830

ABSTRACT

Huashan Hospital became the first Academic Medical Center Hospital accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI) in 2013. The Department of Clinical Nutrition has constantly improved internship education through the introduction of JCI standards. Based on the flexible combination of teaching and practicing modules, clinical nutrition knowledge is closely integrated with professional dietitian skills, and in-depth practical training helps students to acquire much more experience of the occupation as a dietitian. Teachers think highly of students' initiative and knowledge conversion ability, and in the recent five years, undergraduate projects have been enhanced in both quantity and quality.

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