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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920914

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high incidence in China and the whole world, and early diagnosis and treatment are the key to improving the prognosis of patients. To facilitate the communication and cooperation between doctors of different centers and specialties, American College of Radiology issued the first edition of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) in 2016 to standardize the technical terms, techniques, interpretation, reporting, and data collection for liver imaging and perform HCC risk stratification for different focal liver lesions. This article reviews the development and clinical application of CEUS LI-RADS and believes that the application of CEUS LI-RADS has a great potential value in the clinical management of focal liver lesions in the population at a high risk of HCC, and the applicable population and indications for CEUS LI-RADS will continue to expand in the near future, so as to provide better service to clinical practice.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E131-E136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of internal and external sphincter loss synergy on stress distributions and urine flow rates of lower urinary tract organs and tissues. Methods Based on collodion slice, the geometric model of the lower urinary tract was reconstructed, and finite element model of the lower urinary tract with muscle active force was established. Through fluid structure coupling simulation, the changes of tissue stress and urine flow rate were simulated under four conditions: normal contraction of internal and external sphincter, total loss of muscle active force and single loss of muscle active force for internal and external sphincters at the end of urination. Results The urethral stress changes in normal contraction of internal and external sphincter muscles were the same as the clinically measured urethral pressure changes. Compared with normal contraction, when the internal sphincter lost its muscle active force alone, stress of the internal sphincter and the urethra of the prostate was reduced by 33.6% and 13.8%, and flow rate of urine in this position was also reduced. When the external sphincter lost its muscle active force alone, the urethral stress of the external sphincter and external urethra was reduced by 59.5% and 24.03%, respectively. When the internal and external sphincter lost muscle active force, stress of the internal sphincter, the prostate, the external sphincter and the external urethra were reduced by 38.77%, 18.6%, 63.58%, 29.74%, respectively, and flow velocity in the corresponding position was also reduced. Conclusions Internal and external sphincter loss synergy resulted in the difference of tissue stress and urine flow rate. The results can provide the theoretical basis for surgical treatment of urinary incontinence caused by sphincter.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of overexpression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 on the proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma U251 cells by suppressing the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1@*METHODS@#The expression of lncRNA MEG3 and HIF1@*RESULTS@#The expression of MEG3 was significantly lower and HIF1@*CONCLUSIONS@#MEG3 overexpression inhibits the proliferation and invasion of U251 cells through suppressing the expression of HIF1


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880181

ABSTRACT

TIGIT is an inhibitory receptor containing T cell immunoglobulin and immune receptor protein tyrosine inhibitory motif domain. It shows high expression level on the surface of immune cells in tumor patients and plays an inhibitory role by binding to corresponding ligands, CD155 and CD112. Studying the mechanism of inhibitory effect of TIGIT and the way to block it shows a great significance in the immunotherapy of tumor. In this review, the structure of TIGIT molecule and its inhibitory effect on immune cells(including NK cells and T cells) were introduced, the expression level and the newest research advance of TIGIT molecule in lymphoma,multiple myeloma,leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome were reviewed and summarized briefly, so as to provide reference for the further study of TIGIT and the application of TIGIT inhibitors in hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Proteins , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Receptors, Immunologic
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of CD44@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detected the proportion of CD44@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD44@*CONCLUSION@#HCD44


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Hyaluronan Receptors , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Spleen
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors affecting hemorrhagic cystitis(HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 153 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2018 were selected and retrospectively analyzed. The incidence, median time and treatment outcome of HC should be observed. Multivariate analysis was used to observe the risk factors of HC in patients, including sex, age, diagnosis, disease status before transplantation, transplantation type, ATG and CTX in the pretreatment scheme, stem cell source, neutrophil and platelet implantation time; CMV, EBV and BKV infection, and acute graft-versus-host disease(aGVHD).@*RESULTS@#Among 153 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, 25 (16.34%) patients had HC, the median occurance time was 31 days, all patients achieved complete remission after treatment, no bladder irritation and bladder contracture were left. The results of univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the type of transplantation, ATG, CMV viremia before treatment, aGVHD (r=1.036, 3.234, 3.298 and 2.817, respectively) were the independent risk factors of HC.@*CONCLUSION@#The urinary BKV detections in the patients with HC are positive, mainly occured during the period from day +13 to days +56. HLA haplotype, pretreatment including ATG, and CMV viremia, and aGVHD are the independent risk factors for HC after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Cystitis/etiology , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship of the expression of transcription factor MYB targeted regulation by miR-96 to cell invasion and apoptosis in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#A total of 65 children with AML in The 928 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Forces from January 2017 to November 2019 were selected, including 35 cases diagnosed as primary AML and 30 cases as complete remission AML. Thirty children with immune thrombocytopenia were selected as control group. The clinical characteristics were analyzed and compared between the two groups. The levels of miR-96 and MYB in peripheral blood samples were detected by qRT-PCR and compared between the two groups. The miR-96 mimics and its negative control (NC), inhibitor-miR-96 and its NC transfected HL60 cells induced by liposome (Lipofectamine 2000), respectively, Then the expression levels of MYB were detected with Western blot and compared among four HL60 cell groups. The invasion ability of four HL60 cell groups were detected with Transwell assay. The cell proliferation ability of four HL60 cell groups were detected with MTT at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, respectively. The apoptosis rates of four HL60 cell groups were detected with flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the level of miR-96 in AML children were higher, but MYB lower (P0.05). The promotion of over-expression level of miR-96 on the invasion ability of HL 60 cells was confirmed by Transwell assay. MTT assay showed that miR-96 could promote the proliferation of HL60 cells, inhibit the apoptosis of HL60 cells, and the effect was time-dependent manner (r=0.804). The inhibition of miR-96 on HL60 cells apoptosis was also confirmed with flow cytometry.@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-96 has significant negative effect on invasion and apoptosis of AML cells by targeting regulation MYB, and it might be a potential novel strategy for pediatric AML treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Child , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myb
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term clinical efficacy of single-stage cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) between the minimally invasive Key-hole technique and anterior cervical Zero profile intervertebral fusion system (Zero-P).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 45 patients who underwent surgical treatment for CSR from January 2017 to January 2020, including 21 in Key hole group (12 males and 9 females), followed up for 10-22(13.2±2.3) months;24 cases in Zero-P group (14 males and 10 females), and the follow up period was 10 to 23(12.7±1.9) months. Perioperative conditions (incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, length of hospital stay, and complications) were compared between two groups, and X-rays of cervical spine before and after surgery and at the final follow-up were taken to analyzed curvature of the cervical spine, visual analogue scale(VAS) of pain before and after surgery, Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score of cervical spine were recorded to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#In Key-hole group and Zero-P group, the surgical incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, final follow-up Cobb angle and immediate postoperative VAS score respectively were (1.2±0.2) cm, (5.3±0.3) cm;(35.3±9.7) ml, (120.2±13.5) ml;(56.4±11.3) min, (90.6±12.6) min;(3.2±3.9)°, (7.3±3.8)°;(2.8±1.2)points, (3.8±1.1) points;the Zero-P group was larger than the Key hole group, with statistical significance(@*CONCLUSION@#The cervical spine Key-hole technology is similar to the anterior cervical Zero-P system in the treatment of CSR. The Key-hole technique has certain advantages in incision length, intraoperative blood loss, and operation time. It is a safe, effective and can be widely used cervical spine surgery method.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Radiculopathy/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879279

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) within left ventricle in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) by using the relative pressure imaging (RPI) of vector flow mapping (VFM). Twenty patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and thirty control subjects were enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic IVPD derived from VFM within left ventricle and conventional echocardiographic parameters were analyzed. It was found that the B-A IVPD of left ventricle in PAF patients showed the same pattern as controls-single peak and single valley during systole and double peaks and double valleys during diastole. Basal IVPD was the main component of base to apex IVPD (B-A IVPD). The isovolumetric systolic IVPD was associated with early systolic IVPD, early systolic IVPD was associated with late systolic IVPD, and late systolic IVPD was associated with isovolumic diastolic IVPD (all


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Diastole , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Pressure
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879198

ABSTRACT

Drug combination is a common clinical phenomenon. However, the scientific implementation of drug combination is li-mited by the weak rational evaluation that reflects its clinical characteristics. In order to break through the limitations of existing evaluation tools, examining drug-to-drug and drug-to-target action characteristics is proposed from the physical, chemical and biological perspectives, combining clinical multicenter case resources, domestic and international drug interaction public facilities with the aim of discovering the common rules of drug combination. Machine learning technology is employed to build a system for evaluating and predicting the rationality of clinical drug combinations based on "drug characteristics-repository information-artificial intelligence" strategy, which will be debugged and validated in multi-center clinical practice, with a view to providing new ideas and technical references for the safety and efficacy of clinical drug use.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Drug Combinations , Machine Learning , Technology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the plantar pressure features of diabetic patients, and design the offloading structure of insole to reduce the plantar pressure and internal stress of the soft tissue. Methods:A three-dimensional finite element model of foot was established based on CT images. Hole structure was designed in the high plantar pressure area of diabetic patients. The effects of diameter, depth and interval of holes on plantar pressure was analyzed through orthogonal test and finite element analysis, to obtain the optimal scheme; and the offloading effect was analyzed with finite element analysis and experiment. Results:The peak plantar pressure was higher in diabetic patients than in healthy individuals. The holes with 5 mm diameter, 6 mm depth and 2 mm interval in metatarsal and calcaneus regions might effectively reduce the plantar pressure and internal stress of soft tissue, which was 15.6%, 45.6%, 53.5% and 10.1% less of the peak plantar pressure on toes, metatarsal, midfoot and calcaneus area, respectively, compared to walking without insoles. Conclusion:Finite element analysis is helpful to explore the internal stress of soft tissue in diabetic patients, and insole with hole structure can reduce the plantar pressure and internal stress of soft tissue.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between small-worldness of brain network and cognitive impairment in patients with white matter lesions (WMLs) based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods:From January, 2016 to December, 2017, 46 WMLs patients and 36 controls matched genders, ages and education levels from Beijing Tiantan Hospital were screened with DTI. The patients were divided into vascular cognitive impairment non-dementia (VCIND) and vascular dementia (VaD) groups according to the results of cognitive assessments. The brain structure network was created based on DTI data, and the topological properties of the whole-brain small-world network were calculated, and the correlation between the small-worldness and the severity of cognitive impairment was analyzed. Results:The global efficiency, local efficiency, shortest path length and clustering coefficient were different between the patients and the controls (F > 3.252, P < 0.05), as well as the properties of the small-world network, λ, γ and σ (F > 7.378, P < 0.01). The λ, γ and σ were correlated with the total score of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (|r| > 0.402, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The brain structure network is small-world network for patients with WMLs, and the decrease of small-world properties may relate to the cognitive impairment.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2587-2592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the mechanism of improvement effects of Fupi rougan granule (FRG)on hepatic fibrosis model rats. METHODS :The rats were randomly divided into blank group ,model group ,Colchicine tablet group (chemical positive control ,0.2 mg/kg),Fuzheng huayu capsule group (TCM positive control ,0.415 g/kg),FRG low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (20,40,80 g/kg),with 10 rats in each group ,except for 11 rats in blank group and model group (one rat was used to judge whether the modeling was successful ). Except for blank group ,other groups were given intraperitoneal injection of 50% CCl4 olive oil solution and intragastric administration of 30% ethanol to induce hepatic fibrosis model. After modeling , administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ;blank group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 4 weeks. After last administration ,morphology changes of liver tissue in rats were observed. The serum levels of HA ,LN,PCⅢ and Col Ⅳ in rats were detected ,and protein expression of Beclin- 1 and LC3-Ⅱin liver tissue were also determined. mRNA and protein expression of Akt ,AMPK,mTOR,p70S6K were detected in liver tissues of rats. RESULTS :Compared with blank group ,the structure of hepatic lobules in the model group was disordered ,the proliferation of fibrous tissue was obvious ,and some pseudolobules were formed ;the serum levels of HA ,LN,PCⅢ and Col Ⅳ, the protein expression of Beclin- 1 and LC 3-Ⅱ in liver tissue as well as mRNA and protein expression of Akt ,AMPK,mTOR and p70S6K were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group ,the liver injury of rats in FRG groups was significantly relieved ,and the levels of the above indexes in serum and liver tissue (except for LN and PC Ⅲ in FRG low-dose group) were significantly reduced (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :FRG can improve hepatic fibrosis in rats ,the mechanism of which may be associated with down-regulating the expression of autophagy associated protein and Akt/AMPK/mTOR/ p70S6K signaling pathway related protein.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882017

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the mutations of common deafness-related genes and explore the clinical significance of universal screening in neonates in Changning District of Shanghai. Methods Microarray gene screening was used to detect the following common mutation sites, including GJB2(c.35delG, c.176 del16, c.235delC, c.299 delAT); SLC26A4(c.IVS7-2A > G, c.2168A > G, c.1174A > T, c.1226G > A, c.1229C > T, c.IVS15+5G > A, c.1975G > C, c.2027T > A); mitochondrial DNA 12S rRNA(m.1555A > G; m.1494C > T)and GJB3(c.538C > T). In addition, hearing screening was conducted. Results In a total of 2 006 neonates, 90 cases(4.49%)had the mutations, including 40(1.99%)carrying a GJB2 single heterozygous mutation, 38(1.89%)carrying a SLC26A4 single heterozygous mutation, 4(0.20%)carrying a mitochondrial 12S rRNA homogeneous mutation, and 6(0.30%)carrying a GJB3 single heterozygous mutation. There were two double heterozygous mutations. In addition, 11 cases failed in the hearing screening. Conclusion There are mutations of deafness-related genes in neonates in Changning District of Shanghai, in which GJB2 and SLC26A4 are common. It remains crucial to combine screening of common deafness-related genes and hearing test in neonates for improving the health quality. Moreover, it is significant in preventing and controlling the hearing disability in three levels.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1098-1116, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881187

ABSTRACT

Heart failure (HF) is a global public health problem with high morbidity and mortality. A large number of studies have shown that HF is caused by severe energy metabolism disorders, which result in an insufficient heart energy supply. This deficiency causes cardiac pump dysfunction and systemic energy metabolism failure, which determine the development of HF and recovery of heart. Current HF therapy acts by reducing heart rate and cardiac preload and afterload, treating the HF symptomatically or delaying development of the disease. Drugs aimed at cardiac energy metabolism have not yet been developed. In this review, we outline the main characteristics of cardiac energy metabolism in healthy hearts, changes in metabolism during HF, and related pathways and targets of energy metabolism. Finally, we discuss drugs that improve cardiac function

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 599-608, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881158

ABSTRACT

Redox-altered plasticity refers to redox-dependent reversible changes in synaptic plasticity

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881087

ABSTRACT

Xiexin decoctions (XXDs) display beneficial anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects, which raises interests on this group of formulae for broad clinical applications. However, there was no report about systematic analysis of XXDs to elucidate the constitution of chemical components, which hampers further investigations on the therapeutic values of XXDs. In this work, crude herbs were extracted and prepared to obtain the XXDs for systemic analysis on their chemical compositions, according to the information described in the ancient Zhang Zhongjing's herbal formulae. LC-MS analysis of five XXDs was carried out to facilitate recognition of the source herbs for compounds in the mixture. A total number of 93 compounds were identified through our methods and their chemical classes encompassed five major groups, including protoberberine alkaloids, flavonoids, stilbenes, anthraquinones and saponins. Our current work provided important information about material basis for pharmacological studies on XXDs and would help shed light on relationships between chemical compositions and therapeutic effects.

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