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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of elastic intramedullary nail in minimally invasive treatment of floating knee injury in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2009 to September 2017, 11 children with floating knee injury were treated with one-off open reduction and elastic intramedullary nail or external fixator fixation, including 7 males and 4 females, aged 5.0 to 11.0 years, with an average age of 8.3 years. The treatment results were evaluated according to karlstrom's standard.@*RESULTS@#Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 48 months, with an average of 28 months. All the fractures healed at one time, and there were no complications such as nonunion, malunion and serious dysfunction of knee joint. The length of the affected limb in 2 cases was 1.2 to 1.5 cm longer than that in the opposite side without shortening. According to Karlstrom scoring standard, 8 cases were excellent, 1 case was good and 2 cases were middle.@*CONCLUSION@#Elastic intramedullary nail minimally invasive treatment of floating knee injury in children is a safe and effective treatment, which can effectively reduce the fracture and promote bone healing, which is conducive to early functional recovery.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Child , Child, Preschool , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Humans , Internal Fixators , Knee Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691114

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effect of absorbable screw fixation by anterolateral approach (McFarland and Osborne approach) for the treatment of Pipkin type I and type II fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2008 to February 2016, 8 cases of femoral head fractures were treated by absorbable screw fixation through anterolateral approach (McFarland and Osborne approach) including 5 males and 3 females with an average age of 36 years old ranging 23 to 58 years old. The course of the disease was 3 to 12 days (means 5 days). The symptoms at admission included hip pain, deformity and dysfunction. The X-ray and CT image showed femoral head fracture and posterior femoral dislocation. There were 2 cases of Pipkin type I and 6 cases of Pipkin type II. All patients received emergency reduction (Allis) of the posterior dislocation of the hip under the combined intravenous anesthesia. Bone traction was performed after successful reduction. The operation through McFarland and Osborne approach, the Thompson-Epstein system used to evaluate the curative effect postoperative.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients had primary healing after operation without other complications occurred. The 8 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months with an average of 30 months. All of the patients review of X-ray and CT 6 months postoperative showed fractures consolidated, and the healing time was 3 to 6 months with an average of 4 months. According to Thompson-Epstein scoring system, hip function was excellent in 5 cases, good in 2 cases and fair in 1 case.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The anterolateral approach of hip joint can not only retain the residual blood supply of femoral head, but also fully expose the acetabulum and femoral head. It is a relatively ideal surgical approach for the treatment of Pipkin type I and type II fractures.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240972

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of mini-open repair for the treatment of acute closed achilles tendon ruptures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2012 and October 2013,14 patients (14 feet) with acute closed achilles tendon ruptures were treated in our department. They were 9 males and 5 females, with an average age of 30.5 years old (ranged, 25 to 49 years old). The interval between injury and operation ranged from 1 to 13 days (8 days on average). A longitudinal incision approximately 1.5 to 2.0 cm in length was made around the ruptured achilles tendon for mini-open repair after insertion of oval clamp. Postoperative rehabilitation was carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The wounds healed at the first stage except 2 cases with slow recovery. All the patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months, with an average of 11 months. According to the ankle-hindfoot scoring system of American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS),the score was 92.71 ± 6.58 (82 to 100).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surgical treatment of acute achilles tendon rupture with mini-open repair has advantages of little invasion, a low rate of incision problems, quick function recovery, and simple operation, and it is suitable for primary hospital.</p>


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Tendon Injuries , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344714

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of sternoclavicular hook plate for the treatment of sternoclavicular joint dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2010 to June 2012, 7 patients with sternoclavicular joint dislocation were treated with sternoclavicular hook plate fixation. Among the 7 patients, 5 patients were male and 2 patients were female, and the average age was 42.3 years, ranging from 38 to 54 years. The course of the disease ranged from 1 to 4 weeks. All the patients had trauma history. The clinical manifestations included: obvious swelling and pain of sternoclavicular joint, restricted shoulder joint activity. The sternoclavicular joint dislocation was proved by preoperative X-ray and CT. The postoperative curative effect was evaluated according to Rockwood scoring method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to Rockwood scoring method, the excellent results obtained in 6 cases, good in 1. There were no complications such as internal fixation loosening or broken, second dislocation, pain in the sternoclavicular joint, and deformity. The function of shoulder joint was good, and the limb activity was free and no pain appeared.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The sternoclavicular hook plate for the treatment of sternoclavicular joint dislocation has follow advantages: simple procedure, stable fixation, definite therapeutic effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Sternoclavicular Joint , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
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