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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 63-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961830

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether the whole intestinal microbiota transplantation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) model mice has more significant effects on ileum intestinal microenvironment in normal mice under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine that "interior-exterior relationship exists between the heart and small intestine". MethodsThe whole intestinal microbiota of fourteen 6-month-old specific pathogen free male APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD model mice was transplanted into the gut of six normal C57BL/6J mice of the same age and background treated with mixed antibiotics for 14 days. Then, after 14 days of normal rearing, the mice were sacrificed. Next, the pathological changes in the ileum and colon were observed, and the composition and diversity of the ileal and colonic microbiota was analyzed by sequencing. ResultsAfter the whole intestinal microbiota of AD mice was transplanted into normal mice, pathological analysis showed that only the ileum tissue had mucosal damage and crypt gland epithelial cell degeneration, necrosis, and shedding. Moreover, the microbiota analysis found that only the number of genera (P<0.01), Chao1 index (P<0.01) and Simpson index of ileal microbiota in normal mice decreased (P<0.01), and the composition of intestinal microbiota was quite similar to that of AD model mice. ConclusionUnder the effect of whole gut microbiota transplantation in AD mice, the diversity and composition of ileal microbiota change more than that of colonic microbiota in normal mice, and at the same time, it results in pathological damage to the ileal mucosa, indicating that the ileal microenvironment may be more closely related to the occurrence and development of AD, which is highly consistent with the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine".

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 751-760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876520

ABSTRACT

Multi-template molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction not only has the advantages of high selectivity, large adsorption capacity, easy preparation, reuse and low environmental pollution, but also can realize the enrichment and separation of many kinds of compounds. It has attracted wide attention in the extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicine components. This study summarizes the latest development of multi-template molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction. At the same time, based on the classification of active components of traditional Chinese medicine (flavonoids, alkaloids, phenylpropanol, terpenes, etc.), the latest application of multi-template molecular imprinting solid phase extraction in multi-component separation of traditional Chinese medicine was reviewed, with a view to better application of multi-template molecularly imprinted polymer in active multi-component extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicine and provide reference for the material basic research of the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 223-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905085

ABSTRACT

Mineral medicine is an indispensable part of traditional Chinese medicine and has a long history of application. Among them, mineral-based hemostatics have been widely applied for the treatment of various hemorrhagic diseases with extensive clinical experience and established efficacy. Gypsum Fibrosum (GF), a commonly used mineral medicine in clinical, can clear away heat, and relieve anxiety and thirst. Gypsum Ustum (GU) is the processed product of GF after calcining at high temperature. It is mainly composed of anhydrous calcium sulfate (CaSO4) with the functions of moisturizing, promoting muscle growth, astringent sores and hemostasis. GU is often used externally to treat ulcer, itching, eczema, water and fire scalds, trauma bleeding, etc. Studies on the mechanism of hemostasis have shown that Ca2+ (coagulation factor Ⅳ) is involved in many key processes of the internal and external coagulation cascades and can prevent bleeding by regulating platelet activation and aggregation, and promoting the production of insoluble fibrin and the ultimate formation of a blood clot. GF and GU both contain Ca2+ which provide an important material basis of hemostatic effect for both compounds, but GU has a significant hemostatic effect, while GF has no hemostatic effect. After processing, the taste and efficacy of the GF have been obviously changed which reflects the characteristics of processing, but the processing mechanism of GU has not been fully clarified. Therefore, based on studies of GF before and after calcining, this paper focused on these aspects including calcining process, crystal form comparison, element content, efficacy comparison, and summarized various aspects of Ca2+ involved in hemostasis. In addition, the hemostatic properties of other calcium-containing mineral medicines and new calcium-containing hemostatic materials such as calcium alginate, mesoporous calcium silicate and nanogel hemostatic materials were also discussed. The paper aimed to provide a reference for elucidating processing mechanism and clinical dialectical use of GU, also to promote development of new calcium-containing hemostatic materials.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 192-197, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of Radix Kansui (RK) stir-fried with vinegar (VRK) decreased hepatotoxicity in mice.@*METHODS@#According to a random number table, 40 mice were randomly divided into negative control group (0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium, 20 mL/kg), positive control group (0.1% mixture of carbon tetrachloride in soybean oil, 20 mL/kg), RK group (the ethyl acetate extracts of RK, 250 g crude drug/kg) and VRK group (the ethyl acetate extracts of VRK, 250 g crude drug/kg) with 10 mice per group. All mice were administered orally by gavage daily for 7 continuous days. The morphology of liver tissues was examined to assess the liver injury by a transmission electron microscope. Hepatocyte apoptosis in vivo was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nickend labeling (TUNEL) assay. Immunohistochemical technique was adopted to detect the expression of particular antiapoptotic and proapoptotic proteins in the mitochondrial pathways, including B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2) and caspase-3, as well as the expression of inflammatory mediators, including nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1).@*RESULTS@#Liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis were observed in RK mice, and the liver injury were significantly reduced in VRK-treated mice. In immunohistochemistry study, compared with the negative control group, RK inhibited dramatically the Bcl-2 protein expression and significantly increased the expression of caspase-3, NF- κ B and ICAM-1 (all P<0.01). Compared with the RK group, VRK group induced significant increase on Bcl-2 protein expression, and decreased the caspase-3, NF- κ B and ICAM-1 protein expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The mechanism of reduced hepatotoxicity of VRK may be associated with the reduced inflammation, regulation of antiapoptotic and proapoptotic mediators in the mitochondrial pathway.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1490-1496, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of multiple protein expressions and clinical features on the threapeutic effect and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 68 DLBCL patients were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical staging was performed according to Ann Arbor staging; the risk grading was performed by IPI index; the DLBCL typing (germinal center and non-germinal center) was performed according to B cell source; the expression of Ki67,BCL-2, BCL-6, C-MYC, MUM1 and CD10 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry method; the patients were divided into R-CHOP group(50 cases) and CHOP group(18 cases) according to chemotherapy regimen of using rituximab or not; finally, the related factors affecting the prognosis of patients(PFS and OS) were analysed statistically by using SPSS 22.0 software according to sex, age, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) and use of rituximab or no, as well as the above-mentioned clinical indicators.@*RESULTS@#IPI grade high-risk, elevated LDH, positive expression of BCL-2 protein and negative expression of BCL-6 protein were independent prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS); elevated LDH and negative expression of BCL-6 protein were independent prognostic factors for overall survival time (OS); multivariate analysis showed that elevated LDH and positive expression of BCL-2 protein were independent prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS). The overall survival time (OS) associated with ESR, IPI classification and BCL-6 protein expression.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of BCL-2 and BCL-6 protein and some clinical features can be used as predictors of clinical efficacy for DLBCL. Choosing the treatment regimen combined with ritu-ximab can further improve the survival and prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6 , Retrospective Studies
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4604-4610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338230

ABSTRACT

The protective effect of different polar fractions of Carbonized Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (cRRR) against ox-LDL-induced damage to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated by MTT assay, and the components were identified by using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. According to the study, ethyl acetate extract and n-butanol extract could increase cell viability (P<0.01), while petroleum ether extract had no influence, and water extract could even inhibit the cell viability to some degree. Moreover, 32 compounds in four polar fractions were analyzed, including 31 quinones and their glycosides, and one rubiprasins C. Petroleum ether extract, ethyl acetate extract, n-butanol extract and water extract contained 23, 32, 26, 15 compounds, respectively. According to cell experiments in vitro, active fractions were ethyl acetate extract and n-butanol extract. The results could provide scientific references for further studies on effective material basic of cRRR, and lay a foundation for studies on the relationship between efficacies and materials.

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