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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862702

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy for detecting the coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets. <b>Method::Nine batches of Tianshu tablets were taken during the coating process. Then, their near-infrared diffuse reflection spectra were collected. The sample set was divided into calibration set and validation set by Kennard-Stone algorithm. The preprocessing method was selected. The synergy interval partial least squares (siPLS) and moving window partial least squares (mwPLS) were employed to screen the optimal spectral interval. And the corresponding quantitative calibration model of partial least squares (PLS) were established. Some evaluation parameters were adopted to assess the performance of the model. <b>Result::The method of first derivative and Norris Derivative smoothing combined with standard normal variate transformation was suitable for processing the spectra. The optimal PLS model was established in the preferred band interval of siPLS. The correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of calibration set was 0.966, and the correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of validation set was 0.991.Both root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) values were small, which showed the fitness and predictive performance of the model were favorable. <b>Conclusion::The near-infrared spectroscopy technique can be used to determine coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets with high accuracy, which provides technical supports for the in-line determination of coating thickness in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine tablets.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801980

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quantitative method for the simultaneous determination of arecaine,arecoline,norisoboldine and boldine in Xiangbin decoction by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS), and compare the variation of their contents between single and mixed decoctions. Method: The separation was carried on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH Shield RP18(2.1 mm×150 mm,1.7 μm)column, with 0.1%formic acid solution-acetonitrile as mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.2 mL·min-1, and the column temperature was 30℃. The quantitative MRM transitions of the four components were m/z 142.10/44.11 for arecaine,m/z 156.20/44.07 for arecoline,m/z 314.29/265.12 for norisoboldine and m/z 328.13/265.10 for boldine. The determination was performed in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode by mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization (ESI) source under positive mode. Result: The linear ranges of arecaine,arecoline,norisoboldine and boldine were 0.479 0-57.48,0.976 0-78.08,0.812 0-64.96, 0.091 2-18.24 μg·L-1,respectively. The average recoveries of the above compounds ranged from 93.73%to 104.34%, with RSD (n=6) of less than 5%. The contents of arecoline,arecoline,norbibeldine and boltinine in Xiangbin decoction were (90.07±1.26),(445.27±12.39),(742.35±38.39),(38.50±3.33) μg·g-1,which were significantly lower than the contents in Linderae Radix and Arecae Semen. Conclusion: The method is rapid,sensitive,accurate and reproducible,and suitable for the simultaneous determination of multiple components in Xiangbin decoction,so as to provide a basis for the quality control of Xiangbin decoction. The compatibility of Xiangbin decoction has a significant effect on the dissolution contents of arecaine,arecoline,norisoboldine and boldine.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812393

ABSTRACT

Analysis errors can occur in the desorbing process of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDMI) by a conventional analysis method, due to several factors, such as easily crystallized samples, solvent volatility, time-consuming sample pre-processing, fixed method, and offline analysis. Based on risk management, near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy techniques were introduced to solve the above problems with the advantage of timely analysis and non-destructive nature towards samples. The objective of the present study was to identify the feasibility of using NIR or MIR spectroscopy techniques to increase the analysis accuracy of samples from the desorbing process of GDMI. Quantitative models of NIR and MIR were established based on partial least square method and the performances were calculated. Compared to NIR model, MIR model showed greater accuracy and applicability for the analysis of the GDMI desorbing solutions. The relative errors of the concentrations of Ginkgolide A (GA) and Ginkgolide B (GB) were 2.40% and 2.89%, respectively, which were less than 5.00%. The research demonstrated the potential of the MIR spectroscopy technique for the rapid and non-destructive quantitative analysis of the concentrations of GA and GB.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Reference Standards , Drug Compounding , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Ginkgolides , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Injections , Lactones , Least-Squares Analysis , Meglumine , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Management , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Reference Standards
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773604

ABSTRACT

Analysis errors can occur in the desorbing process of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDMI) by a conventional analysis method, due to several factors, such as easily crystallized samples, solvent volatility, time-consuming sample pre-processing, fixed method, and offline analysis. Based on risk management, near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy techniques were introduced to solve the above problems with the advantage of timely analysis and non-destructive nature towards samples. The objective of the present study was to identify the feasibility of using NIR or MIR spectroscopy techniques to increase the analysis accuracy of samples from the desorbing process of GDMI. Quantitative models of NIR and MIR were established based on partial least square method and the performances were calculated. Compared to NIR model, MIR model showed greater accuracy and applicability for the analysis of the GDMI desorbing solutions. The relative errors of the concentrations of Ginkgolide A (GA) and Ginkgolide B (GB) were 2.40% and 2.89%, respectively, which were less than 5.00%. The research demonstrated the potential of the MIR spectroscopy technique for the rapid and non-destructive quantitative analysis of the concentrations of GA and GB.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Reference Standards , Drug Compounding , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Ginkgolides , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Injections , Lactones , Least-Squares Analysis , Meglumine , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Management , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Reference Standards
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853517

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this study, an in-line near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) rapid detection model of single-effect concentration process of ArtemisiaeAnnuae Herba(AAH) was established and the impact of absorbance to model was discussed. Methods: Nine batches of concentration process samples were collected inline and partial least square (PLS) method was applied to build its quantitative model which was used to predict an unknown batch of samples. Results: The parameters of PLS model of total acid and soluble solid content were as follows: coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.9623 and 0.9679, root mean square errors of calibration (RMSEC) of 0.7835 and 0.9488, and root mean square errors of cross-validation (RMSECV) of 0.8258 and 0.9780, respectively. Conclusion: Absorbance of concentration process samples of AAH was between 0 and 2.0 and RSEP values of total acid and soluble solid content was less than 10%. It can meet the quality requirements of production process of AAH and indicate that the effect of high absorbance (namely low tansmittance) on NIRS model of AAH can be eliminated by adding samples and using chemometrics when the absorbance is between 0.0 and 2.0.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853414

ABSTRACT

Based on "Quality by Design" concept, this study summarized that quality control of Chinese materia medica (CMM) injection should introduce the process analytical technology during the processes of herbs cultivation, processing, casting herbs, extraction, concentration, macroporous resin purification, column chromatography, extraction, alcohol precipitation, crystallization, and final examination of product. The control proposal of how to control the production of CMM injection by process analytical technology was also suggested, aimed at a thorough understanding and control of the production process of injection, thereby ensuring uniformity of inter-batch quality and stability of process of CMM injections.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 255-264, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331658

ABSTRACT

The effective connectivity of default mode network (DMN) and its change after taking methylphenidate (MPH) were investigated in this study based on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Dynamic causal modeling (DCM) was applied to compare the effective connectivity between the conditions of taking MPH and placebo for 18 healthy male volunteers. Started with the network structural basis provided by a recent literature, endogenous low frequency fluctuation signals (0.01-0.08 Hz) of each node of DMN were taken as the driving input, and thirty-two possible models were designed according to the modulation effect of MPH on different connections between nodes. Model fitting and Bayesian model selection were performed to find the winning model and corresponding parameters. Our results indicated that the effective connectivity from medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) to posterior cingulated cortex (PCC), from left/right inferior parietal lobule (L/RIPL) to MPFC, and from RIPL to PCC were excitatory, whereas the connectivity from LIPL to PCC was inhibitory. Further t-test statistics on connectivity parameters found that MPH significantly reduced the link from RIPL to MPFC in DMN (t = 2.724, P = 0.016) and changed the weak excitatory state to inhibitory state. However, it had no significant effect on other connections. In all, our results demonstrated that MPH modulates the effective connectivity within DMN in resting state.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Female , Gyrus Cinguli , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Methylphenidate , Parietal Lobe , Prefrontal Cortex
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305345

ABSTRACT

In this study, hydrophilic matrix sustained release tablets of total lactones from Andrographis paniculata were prepared and the in vitro release behavior were also evaluated. The optimal prescription was achieved by studying the main factor of the type and amount of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) using single factor test and evaluating through cumulative release of three lactones. No burst drug release from the obtained matrix tablets was observed. Drug release sustained to 14 h. The release mechanism of three lactones from A. paniculata was accessed by zero-order, first-order, Higuchi and Peppas equation. The release behavior of total lactones from A. paniculata was better agreed with Higuchi model and the drug release from the tablets was controlled by degradation of the matrix. The preparation of hydrophilic matrix sustained release tablets of total lactones from A. paniculata with good performance of drug release was simple.


Subject(s)
Andrographis , Chemistry , Delayed-Action Preparations , Chemistry , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Kinetics , Lactones , Chemistry , Tablets , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272661

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of health promotion on occupational health based on the changes in knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) before and after intervention of people with occupational disease risk in private enterprises.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>202 people with occupational disease risk in private leather enterprises of Wenzhou were surveyed, who were rechecked with the same questionnaire after three months intervention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The knowledge, attitude and practice scores (9.34 ± 2.57, 7.79 ± 2.58 and 7.24 ± 2.50, respectively) of post-intervention group were significantly increased more than those of pre-intervention (8.06 ± 2.71, 7.63 ± 2.67, 7.11 ± 2.60, respectively) (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The net increases of knowledge, attitude and practice scores were significantly different with different length of service, educational level, registered residence and training experience (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Health promotion could increase knowledge, attitude and practice levels; The effect of intervention on people with short length of service, low educational level, coming from country and had not attended training is significant.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Promotion , Humans , Male , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Health Services , Private Sector , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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