Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906133

ABSTRACT

In traditional Chinese medicine, it is believed that the spleen is the foundation of acquired nature and the source of Qi and blood. All life activities of a person since birth depend on the water and grain essence transported by spleen and stomach. The liver helps the spleen to strengthen the movement, the liver and spleen cooperate with each other. The liver and the spleen are invigorated, so that the Qi and blood are sufficient. The external energy can nourish the limbs, muscles and fur. The Qi and blood can be supplied to the internal organs, meridians and bones, and the body can be nourished both inside and outside to strengthen the acquired foundation. Emotional dissatisfaction can lead to stagnation of liver Qi, loss of spleen Qi, failure to dredge Qi, and deficiency of spleen Qi, forming the syndrome of liver depression and spleen deficiency. Its clinical manifestations include the symptoms of liver Qi stagnation such as depression, stamina, and chest fullness, as well as symptoms of spleen deficiency such as anorexia, abdominal distension, loose stools. Xiaoyaowan is an effective classic prescription for the treatment of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency syndrome, which is based on the dosage form of Xiaoyaosan in Prescriptions of the Bureau of Taiping People's Welfare Pharmacy. It has the effect of relieving depression, nourishing blood and invigorating spleen. In modern research, it has been found that Xiaoyaowan has good curative effect in the treatment of endocrine diseases, liver diseases, immune diseases, and neurological diseases, etc. It was praised by the famous medical scientist YE Tian-shi in the Qing Dynasty as "the holy medicine for women", with a wide range of significant curative effects gynecology. Progress has been also made in pharmacological research. In this article, we have searched and consulted the relevant literature reports of Xiaoyaowan in recent years, summarized the key directions of the pharmacological research literature, and proposed deficiencies to provide relevant basis for the in-depth study of Xiaoyao pill in the future.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691157

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare effects of resveratrol, puerarin and the compounds on peak bone mass in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty SPF Wistar rats weighed 109.45 g to 119.44 g with an average of 115.87 g were selected. After 3 days' adaption, rats were divided into control group (the same volume of distilled water per day), puerarin group(15.4 mg/kg puerarin daily), resveratrol group (8.4 mg/kg resveratrol daily), compound drug group (daily dose of 8.4 resveratrol added 15.4 mg/kg of puerarin) and 10 in each group. The body weight of the rats was monitored at every 7 days and body bone density was measured at every month. All rats were sacrificed after 3 months. The bone mineral density of femur and vertebrae was detected by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; bone biomechanics, VG staining was used to analyze bone histomorphometry;ELISA was used to detect serum bone metabolic index and microstructure of femur were scanned with Micro-CT scanner.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in body weight among groups during exoeriment. Bone mineral density results showed BMD of femur and vertebrae in the other three groups were significantly increased, and R+P group was significantly higher than PR group and RES group(<0.05) by compared with CON group;three-point bending and compression test results showed compared with CON group, other three groups of femoral and vertebral maximum load values were significantly increased, and P+R group was higher than PR group and RES group, but elastic modulus was not statistically significant. Bone histomorphometry showed that number of trabecular bone in other three groups were significantly increased compared with CON group, separation of trabecular bone were significantly reduced, continuity was improved, and R+P group was significantly better than RES and PR group. The results of Micro-CT scan showed that separation of trabecular bone were significantly reduced, continuity were improved in other three groups, and R+P group was significantly better than RES and PR group. The numbers of trabecular bone (Tb.N), trabecular bone thickness (Tb.Th), volume of trabecular bone (BV/TV) in PR group, RES group and R+P group were significantly higher than CON group, but trabecular bone separation (Tb.Sp) was significantly reduced. Serum levels results showed, level of OC in the other three groups were higher than control group(<0.05), content of TRACP 5b decreased, and level of OC in P+R group was significantly higher than PR group and RES group, content of TRACP 5b was no significant change.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compound of puerarin and resveratrol assigned in a 1:1 ratio could improve bone mineral density and bone mass in young rats, enhance biomechanical properties of bone, promote mineralization and maturation of osteoblasts, inhibit osteoblastic bone resorption, and is better than the role of their respective monomers. The paper showed that traditional Chinese medicine compound medicine will be used as a new way to prevent and treat osteoporosis.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690419

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Schistosoma japonicum cysteine protease inhibitor (rSjCystatin) for treatment of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After a week of adaptive feeding, 54 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal control group (group A), sepsis group (group B), and rSjCystatin intervention group (group C). The mice in group A received an intraperitoneal injection of PBS (100 µL), and those in groups B and C were injected with PBS (100 µL) containing LPS (10 mg/kg); the mice in group C were also intraperitoneally injected with 25 µg sjCystatin in 100 µL PBS 30 min after LPS injection. From each group, 10 mice were randomly selected 24 h after PBS or LPS injection for detecting serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 using ELISA and the levels of ALT, AST, BUN, and Cr using automatic biochemical analyzer; the pathological changes in the liver, lung and kidney were observed with HE staining. The remaining 8 mice in each group were used for observing the changes in the general condition and the 72-h survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 72-h survival rates of the mice was 100% in group A, 0 in group B, and 36% in group C, showing a significant difference among the 3 groups (P<0.05). Compared with those in group A, the mice in group B exhibited obvious liver, lung, and renal pathologies with increased levels of ALT, AST, BUN, Cr, IL-6, and TNF-α (P<0.05). Treatment with sjCystatin significantly lessened LPS-induced organ pathologies, lowered the levels of liver and renal functional indexes and the pro-inflammatory cytokines, and increased the serum level of IL-10 in the mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SjCystatin can produce a significant therapeutic effect on sepsis induced by LPS in mice.</p>

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690311

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of the compound medicine of tanshinone 2A and resveratrol on peak bone mass in growing rats and to explore its possible mechanism,so as to explore anti-osteoporosis mechanisms of new traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) drugs. Methods Totally 40 1-month-old female Wistar rats were randomly divided into tanshinone 2A group,resveratrol group,compound group (tanshinone 2A and resveratrol),and normal control group,with 10 rats in each group. Body weight was measured once every two weeks,and the whole body bone mineral density was measured with dual-energy X-ray monthly. When the whole-body bone mineral density became statistically significant between medication groups and control group,all animals were sacrificed to determine the bone mineral density of vertebrae and right femoral bone. The biomechanical properties of femur and vertebrae were measured by AGS-X series universal test,then the bone morphology was analyzed with Fuchsin picric acid staining. Finally,the levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b and osteocalcin were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results The body weights were not statistically significant among all groups (P>0.05). The whole-body bone mineral density showed no significant difference (P>0.05) after feeding for 1 month;however,two months later,it was significantly different between medication groups and control group;in particular,the whole-body (P=0.016),femoral (P=0.001),and vertebral bone mineral density (P=0.034),bone trabecular number (P=0.024),thickness (P=0.040),and area (P=0.038) were significantly increased in the compound group,along with the significantly decreased trabecular separation degree (P=0.032). Compared with the control group,the compound group had significantly increased osteocalcin (P=0.033) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (P=0.028) levels in serum.Conclusion The compound of tanshinone 2 A and resveratrol can improve the bone density and bone quality in rats,and such effect is higher than either tanshinone 2 A monomer or resveratrolmonomer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687389

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of Xianling Gubao capsule in preventing postmenopausal osteoporosis, forty-eight female Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham group (Sham), ovariectomized group (OVX), ethinylestradiol group (EE) and Xianling Gubao capsule group (XLGB). Rats in each group received ovariectomy, except for sham group. The XLGB group received Xianling Gubao capsule at the dose of 378 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹. The dosage of EE group was 200 μg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹, and OVX and Sham groups were only fed with equal volume of distilled water. All of the rats were put to death two months later. Bone mineral density, bone biomechanics, bone histomorphometry Micro-CT scanning and organ index of vital organs were calculated and pathologically observed. There was no significant difference in the body weight of rats and organ indexes of lung, kidney, heart and spleen in the experimental groups. There was also no significant change in their pathological observation, but the uterine index of OVX group and XLGB group was significantly lower than that of Sham group. According to the results of BMD test, compared with the OVX group, femurs and vertebrae BMD of the other three groups were increased, with statistically significant differences. On the basis of the results of bone biomechanical test, compared with OVX group, the maximum load values of femur and vertebrae of the other three groups were increased, with statistically significant differences, while the change of elastic modulus was not statistically significant. According to the bone histomorphometry results of VG staining, compared with Sham group, the number of trabecular bone was significantly lower than that in OVX group. Compared with OVX group, the number of trabecular bone in EE group and XLGB group was increased, but with no significant difference between EE and XLGB groups. The results of serum biochemical indexes showed that compared with Sham group, osteocalcin (OC) decreased, while tartrate resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) increased in OVX group, with statistically significant differences. Compared with OVX group, the OC content of XLGB group and EE group increased, while the content of TRACP 5b decreased, with statistically significant differences. On the basis of the results of Micro-CT scanning, the change trends of femur volume BMD, number of trabecular bone (Tb.N), trabecular bone thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular bone separation (Tb.Sp), bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) in the groups were consistent with those of bone histomorphometry. There was no significant change in femoral cortical bone between the two groups. Xianling Gubao capsule can prevent osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. The possible mechanism is the dual activity of inhibiting bone resorption and improving bone formation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707060

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction and enrichment process of total triterpenes from Sibiraea Angustata; To study its anti-hypoxia activity. Methods The extraction solvent of total triterpenoids of Sibiraea Angustata was screened by atmospheric pressure anti-hypoxia test. The content of total triterpenes and extraction rate were set as evaluation indexes. The effects of extraction time, extraction times and ratio of material to liquid on extraction were investigated by orthogonal test. The extraction process was optimized. Resin type, concentration of sample, eluent concentration and eluent volume were investigated to optimize the enrichment process of total triterpenes of Sibiraea Angustata. Finally, the anti-hypoxia activity was studied by atmospheric pressure test and acute decompression test. Results The optimum extraction process was as follows: 70% ethanol extraction, the ratio of material to liquid was 1:20, extrat 2 times with 1.5 h for each time, and the content of total triterpenes was 32.25%. The optimum enrichment process was: AB-8-type macroporous adsorption resin, the loading concentration of 2 mg/mL, 80% ethanol 5 BV elution, and total triterpenes content was up to 61.09%; Sibiraea Angustata total triterpenes anti-hypoxia activity test was strong, and had a certain dose dependency. Conclusion The extraction and enrichment process of total triterpenes from Sibiraea Angustata is stable, reproducible and has significant anti-hypoxia activity.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields (SEMFs) on bone mineral density (BMD) in SD rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty SD rats weighted(110±10) and aged 1 month were randomly divided into control group and electromagnetic field group, 15 in each group. Normal control group of 50 Hz 0 mT density and sinusoidal electromagnetic field group of 50 Hz 1.8 mT were performed respectively with 1.5 h/d and weighted weight once a week, and observed food-intake. Rats were anesthesia by intraperitoneal injection and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were used to detect bone density of whole body, and detected bone density of femur and vertebral body. Osteocalcin and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b were detected by ELSA; weighted liver, kidney and uterus to calculate purtenance index, then detected pathologic results by HE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, there was no significant change in weight every week, food-intake every day; no obvious change of bone density of whole body at 2 and 4 weeks, however bone density of whole body, bone density of excised femur and vertebra were increased at 6 weeks. Expression of OC was increased, and TRACP 5b expression was decreased. No change of HE has been observed in liver, kidney and uterus and organic index.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields could improve bone formation to decrease relevant factors of bone absorbs, to improve peak bone density of young rats, in further provide a basis for clinical research electromagnetic fields preventing osteoporosis foundation.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320825

ABSTRACT

In this study, the changes of bullatine A in plasma and skin of mice with time in microemulsion gel and ordinary gel of Aconitum brachypodum total alkaloids were compared through UPLC-MS/MS, and their pharmacokinetic parameters were also compared and analyzed, to investigate the feasibility of microemulsion agent in the transdermal drug delivery. UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of bullatine A in plasma and skin had high sensitivity and was in line with the pharmacokinetic study requirements for transdermal drug delivery. The main pharmacokinetic parameters for microemulsion gel in the plasma were as follows: Cmax=(37.62±14.31) μg•L⁻¹, Tmax=(3.40±1.34) h, AUC0-∞=(1 027.7±260) μg•L⁻¹•h⁻¹, MRT=(34.80±12.31) h, MRTlast=(10.68±0.57) h, t1/2=(23.11±9.20) h; main pharmacokinetic parameters for ordinary gel in the blood: Cmax=(52.23±15.90) μg•L⁻¹, Tmax=(4.00±0.00) h, AUC0-∞=(728.60±280.80) μg•L⁻¹•h⁻¹, MRT=(20.69±3.98) h, MRTlast=(9.34±0.42) h, t1/2=(14.69±3.15) h. The results showed that the microemulsion gel had more stable transdermal absorption, longer duration of action and higher bioavailability than ordinary gel, indicating that the microemulsion gel had a good and stable transdermal effect. There was no significant difference in bioavailability of bullatine A in skin between microemulsion gel and ordinary gel.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical efficacy of compound Zaofan pill combined with cyclosporine and androgen for treatment of patients with chronical aplastic anemia(CAA), and its effect on bone marrow microvessel density(MVD) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) of CAA patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 76 cases of CAA were randomly divided into group 1 and group 2, among them the group 1 (38 cases) was treated with cyclosporine and androgen alone, while the group 2(38 cases) was treated with compound Zaofan pill combined with cyclosporine and androgen. Samples of 20 cases with normal bone marrow were used as controls. The clinical effects of each groups were observed, and the mean bone marrow MVD and VEGF levels were detected before and after half a year's treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean bone marrow MVD and VEGF levels in CAA group before treatment were significantly lower than that in normal control group, but bone marrow MVD and VEGF levels in 2 groups significantly increased after treatment. Group 1 showed the cure and response rate of 15.8%, while group 2 showed the cure and response rate of 44.7%, there was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05)). There was no significant difference of bone marrow MVD and VEGF expression before treatment between group 1 and group 2. After treatment, bone marrow MVD and VEGF expression of group 2 were significantly higher than pre-treatment, moreover the bone marrow MVD and VEGF expression in group 2 were significantly higher than that in group 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The compound Zaofan pill combined with cyclosporine and androgen can obviously increase the levels of MVD and VEGF in bone marrow, and improve the efficacy of treatment in CAA patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Bone Marrow , Cyclosporine , Humans , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353892

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve the compliance with subcutaneous specific immunotherapy (SCIT) by analyzing the causes of stopping SCIT in asthmatic children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A telephone follow-up was conducted in the asthmatic children who received SCIT but did not finished the 3-year course of treatment from June 2005 to October 2010, so as to analyze the causes of stopping SCIT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 616 asthmatic children received SCIT, and 322 (52.2%) of them stopped SCIT.A total of 127 cases (39.4%) of the 322 children received telephone follow-up. In the 127 children, 53 (41.8%) stopped the SCIT for the reason of bad effecacy, 29 (22.8%) for remission of asthma,12 (9.4%) for expensive fees, 10 (7.9%) for complex process of treatment, 10 (7.9%) for adverse reaction, 9 (7.1%) for long distance from the hospital, and 4 (3.1%) for having no time for treatment. And 69 (54.3%) of them stopped SCIT in the first year, 28 (22.1%) in the second year, and 30 (23.6%) in the third year. Currently, 85 cases (66.9%) of the 127 asthmatic children were up to the control level, and the other 42 cases were not. There was significant difference in the control level of asthma berween the group receiving treatment with regular inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and the group receiving treatment with irregular ICS (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bad efficacy, remission of asthma, expensive fees, complex process of treatment, and adverse reaction are the main reasons contributing to the stop of SCIT in asthmatic children. To improve the compliance with SCIT, It is important to make the patients and their parents understand the long treatment course and slow effect of SCIT, encourage them to use objective indices for evaluating the state of asthma, and effectively prevent and treat the adverse reactions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Desensitization, Immunologic , Female , Humans , Injections, Subcutaneous , Male , Patient Compliance
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL