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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1309-1314, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463089

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To investigate the preventive effects of Clostridium butyricum ( C.butyricum) on the type of pylorus ligated gastric ulcer ( GU) in mice and the underlying mechanisms.METHODS:ICR mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:sham operation group, model group, C.butyricum pretreatment group and omeprazole pretreatment group. Gastric pyloric ligation was adopted to establish GU model in mice.The gastric juice was collected to measure the content of gastric free mucus, the pH of gastric juice and the activity of pepsin.The gastric tissues were collected for routine HE stai-ning to observe the pathological changes.The content of glycogen was detected by PAS staining.The protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in the gastric mucosa was also assessed by immunohistochemical staining.RESULTS: The HE and PAS staining showed that the C.butyricum pretreatment obviously attenuated the mucosa lesion induced by ligation.Compared with model group, the pH of gastric juice was significantly raised.The activity of pepsin fell off in C.butyricum group, which was lower than that in omeprazole group.In comparison with model group, the content of gastric free mucus was dra-matically increased and PAS staining showed a significant rise in C.butyricum group, but not in omeprazole group.The protein expression of Bax was decreased and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was upgraded in C.butyricum group than those in model group.CONCLUSION:C.butyricum protects gastric mucosa against the challenge of pylorus ligation in mice and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting gastric acid secretion and the activation of pepsin, increasing the production of gastric free mucus, strengthening the expression of bcl-2 gene and inhibiting the expression of bax gene.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400458

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of injection carthamus tinctorius D. (1C) on the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1) during the ischemia-reperfusion injury of lung (LIRI) in rabbits and its potential mechanism. Method Single lung ischemia-reperfusion animal model was induced in rabbits. A total of 30 Japanese white rabbits were randomly divided into sham-operation group (S group, n =10), ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R group, re = 10) and ischemia-reperfusion plus 1C group (1C group, n = 10) .The rabbits of 1C group received 1C 2.0 ml/kg injected intravenously just at 20 min before ligation of artery involved and the same dose of 1C instantly at the initiation of reperfusion. Malondialdehyde (MDA) , superoxide dismutase (SOD) and xanthine oxidase(XO) in serum were measured. The lung tissue was sampled and assayed wet/dry weight ratio (W/D), contents of myeloperoxidase (MPO) at the end of the experiment, and ultrastructure changes were observed under electron microscope. The expression of ICAM-1 was measured by using immunohistochemistry(IHC) . snd one-way ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. Results In I/R group, serum XO and MDA increased and SOD decreased, whereas the same pattern of changes but less magnitude happened in 1C group ( P < 0.01). The values of W/D and MPO were much higher in I/R group, but lower in 1C group. Under electron microscope, the ultrastructure of lung tissue showed pathological changes in the rabbits of I/R group,and these changes were greatly attenuated in the rabbits of 1C group . The IHC showed that ICAM - 1 in lung tissue of I / R group was (2.94±0.48) which was significantly higher than that of 1C group(1.75 (P < 0.01). Conclusions Injection Carthamus tinctorius D. may meliorate the ischemia-reperfusion injury of lung by way of suppressing the expression of ICAM-1, inhibiting neutrophil aggregation, lowering oxygen free radical level and decreasing lipid peroxidation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624784

ABSTRACT

According to current situation of the undergraduates'scientific research,proposal of establishing the systematic research capacity training program was given,and this program's effects on undergraduates at our school were analyzed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530928

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate isometric force displacement in isolated rat main pulmonary artery rings and right main branch pulmonary artery(second pulmonary artery)rings during hypoxia hypercapnia and the role of mitogen activated protein kinase(MAPK).METHODS:The main pulmonary artery rings were dissected from the male Sprague-Dawley rats and were randomly divided into control group and hypoxia hypercapnia group.The second pulmonary artery rings were also randomly divided into control group,hypoxia hypercapnia group,DMSO incubation group,U0126 incubation group and SB203580 incubation group.The tension changes of pulmonary artery rings were monitored in vitro.RESULTS:Under normoxia conditions,there was no statistically significant change between main pulmonary artery rings and second pulmonary artery rings.A biphasic pulmonary artery contractile response to hypoxia hypercapnia in the second pulmonary artery rings was observed instead of a sharp and transient increase in the main pulmonary artery tension.Both p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 and ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 significantly attenuated the delayed,but not early,contractile phase of the biphasic pulmonary artery contraction.CONCLUSION:Acute hypoxia hypercapnia causes a biphasic pulmonary artery contractile response in the second pulmonary artery,and p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 may be two key mediators in the process.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528389

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of puerarin (Pur) on expression of Fas/FasL mRNA in lung tissue during pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion injury(PIRI) in rabbits.METHODS: Single lung ischemia and reperfusion animal model was used.The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups,sham operated group(sham,n=10),PIR group(I-R,n=30) and PIR+ Pur group(Pur,n=30).Changes of several parameters included apoptotic index(AI),wet to dry ratio of lung tissue weight(W/D) and index of quantitative assessment of histologic lung injury(IQA) were measured at 60,180 and 300 minutes after reperfusion in lung tissue.Meanwhile,the location and expression of Fas/FasL mRNA were observed.Lung tissue was prepared for light microscopic and electron microscopic observation at 60,180,300 minutes after reperfusion.RESULTS: As compared with group I-R,Fas/FasL mRNA slightly expressed in intima and extima of small pulmonary artery,alveoli,and bronchiole epithelia in group Pur.The values of AI,W/D and IQA showed significantly lower than that in group I-R at 60,180,300 minutes after reperfusion in lung tissue(P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528909

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of L-arginine(L-Arg) on expression of bcl-2,bax mRNA during pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion injury(PIRI) in rabbits.METHODS: Single lung ischemia and reperfusion animal model was used in vivo.The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: sham operated group(sham,n=12),ischemia-reperfusion group(I/R,n=12) and I/R+ L-arginine group(L-Arg,n=12).Changes of several parameters,which included apoptotic index(AI),wet to dry ratio of lung tissue weight(W/D) and index of quantitative assessment of histologic lung injury(IQA),were measured at 300 min after reperfusion in lung tissue.Meanwhile the location and expression of bcl-2,bax mRNA as well as the ratio of bcl-2 mRNA/bax mRNA were observed.The lung tissue was prepared for light microscopic and electron microscopic observation at 60,180 and 300 min after reperfusion.RESULTS: As compared with I/R group,in intima and extima of small pulmonary artery,alveoli,and bronchiole epithelia,the expression of bcl-2 mRNA and the ratio of bcl-2 mRNA/bax mRNA were increased,and the expression of bax mRNA was decreased in L-Arg treatment group.The values of AI,W/D and IQA showed significantly lower than that in I/R group at 180 minutes after reperfusion in lung tissue(P

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