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China Pharmacy ; (12): 1228-1232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973624


OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of icotinib and gefitinib in the treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS The data of 146 patients with EGFR- mutant advanced NSCLC of our Hospital from December 2015 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into the gefitinib group (73 cases) and the icotinib group (73 cases) according to the drug use. Patients in the gefitinib group were given 0.25 g of gefitinib tablets once a day orally by single drug or combined with conventional chemotherapy, while patients in the icotinib group were given 125 mg of icotinib hydrochloride tablets three times a day orally by single drug or combined with conventional chemotherapy. Short-term efficacy, progression-free survival (PFS) were observed; Cox regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of patients; the occurrence of ADR were observed in the two groups. RESULTS There was no statistically significant difference in the objective remission rate, disease control rate, and the incidence of grade 1-2 and grade 3-4 adverse drug reactions between the two groups (P>0.05); median PFS was significantly better in the icotinib group than in the gefitinib group (P=0.048). Results of subgroup analysis based on patients basic information showed that compared with the gefitinib group, PFS of female [HR=0.57,95%CI(0.34,0.96),P=0.031] and non-brain metastatic patients [HR=0.58,95%CI(0.36,0.91),P=0.017] in icotinib group were prolonged significantly. Results of regression model analysis showed that EGFR19 exon Del mutation [HR=0.50, 95%CI(0.25,1.00), P=0.049], EGFR21 exon L858R mutation [HR=0.44, 95%CI(0.21,0.89), P=0.022] and icotinib treatment [HR=0.65, 95%CI (0.44,0.96), P=0.030] were influential factors for prognosis. CONCLUSIONS The short-term efficacy and safety of icotinib and gefitinib in the treatment of EGFR- mutant advanced NSCLC are comparable, but icotinib can significantly prolong the patients’ PFS; EGFR19 exon Del, EGFR21 exon L858R mutations and icotinib treatment are factors affecting patients’ prognosis.

Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 284-288, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620661


D ue to the negative autopsy and w ithout cardiac structural abnorm alities, unexpected sudden cardiac death (U SC D ) is alw ays a tough issue for forensic pathological expertise. U SC D m ay be asso-ciated w ith parts of fatal arrhythm ic diseases. T hese arrhythm ic diseases m ay be caused by disorders of cardiac ion channels or channel-related proteins. C aveolin can com bine w ith m ultiple m yocardial ion channel proteins through its scaffolding regions and plays an im portant role in m aintaining the depolar-ization and repolarization of cardiac action potential. W hen the structure and function of caveolin are af-fected by gene m utations or abnorm al protein expression, the functions of the regulated ion channels are correspondingly im paired, w hich leads to the occurrence of m ultiple channelopathies, arrhythm ia or even sudden cardiac death. It is im portant to study the effects of caveolin on the functions of ion channels for exploring the m echanism s of m alignant arrhythm ia and sudden cardiac death.

Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 290-293, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620650


The mechanism of sudden cardiac death caused by variation in SCN5A is still unclear. Recently, the converging evidences suggest that the dysfunction of regulation mediated by transforming growth factor-β1 in cardiac fibration and reconstruction of cardiac iron channel could be main reason of SUNDS caused by variation of SCN5A. The resent progress of the mechanism of transforming growth factor-β1 in sudden cardiac death caused by variation of SCN5A gene is reviewed in this paper, hoping to provide reference for the research and practice of sudden cardiac death in forensic medicine.

Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 114-119,128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608162


Objective T o explore the genetic variation sites of caveolin (C A V ) and their correlation w ith sudden unexplained death (SU D ).Methods The blood sam ples w ere collected from SU D group (71 cases), coronary artery disease (C A D ) group (62 cases) and control group (60 cases), respectively. T he genom e D N A w ere extracted and sequencing w as perform ed directly by am plifying gene coding region and exon-intron splicing region of CAV1 and CAV3 using PC R . T he type of heritable variation of CVA w as con-firm ed and statistical analysis w as perform ed. Results A total of 4 variation sites that m aybe significa-tive w ere identified in SU D group, and tw o w ere new found w hich w ere CAV1: c.45C>T (T 15T ) and CAV1:c.512G>A (R 171H ), and tw o w ere SN P loci w hich w ere CAV1:c.246C>T (rs35242077) and CAV3:c.99C>T (rs1008642) and had significant difference (P<0.05) in allele and genotype frequencies betw een SU D and control groups. Forem entioned variation sites w ere not found in C A D group. Conclu-sion T he variants of CAV1 and CAV3 m ay be correlated w ith a part of SU D group.

Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 97-101,104, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605039


Objective To understand the correlation of enterovirus 71 (EV71), P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSG L-1), and scavenger receptor B2 (SCARB2) and to explore the possible pathway and mechanismof EV71 infection by observing the expression of EV71, PSG L-1 and SCARB2 in tissues of infants with brain stemencephalitis. Methods T he organs and tissues of infants with EV71-VP1 positivi-ty in their brain stems were chosen. Expression and distribution of EV71-VP1, PSG L-1, and SCARB2 were detected and compared by immunohistochemistry. Results Strong staining of EV71-VP1 was ob-served in the neuron, glial cells, the inflammatory cells of perivascular cuffing, parietal cells of the gas-tric fundus gland while alveolar macrophages, intestinal gland epitheliumcells, mucosa lymphoid nodule and lymphocyte of palatine tonsil showed moderate staining and weak staining were displayed in mesen-teric lymph nodes and lymphocyte of spleen. PSG L-1 expression was detected in parietal cells of the gastric fundus gland, tonsillar crypt squamous epithelium, alveolar macrophages and leukocytes in each tissue. SCARB2 expression was observed in all the above tissues except the intestines and spleen. Con-clusion T he distribution of EV71 correlates with SCARB2 expression. SCARB2 plays an important role in virus infection and replication. Stomach may be an important site for EV71 replication.