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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 292-298, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013620

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the regulatory role and mechanism of resveratrol in inhibiting autophagy and promoting apoptosis in choroidal melanoma cells. Methods Choroidal melanoma cells (MUM2B) were divided into control and experimental groups, and treated with different concentrations of resveratrol (0, 10, 20,40,60,80 μmol ·L

2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 1152-1161, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of the pre-shock state on the mortality of patients with sepsis.@*METHODS@#We enrolled patients with sepsis admitted to the medical intensive care unit of a tertiary care university hospital. These patients were then classified into three groups: sepsis, pre-shock state, and septic shock. The primary outcome was the 28-day mortality rate. The secondary outcomes were the 90-day, 180-day, and 1-year mortality rates.@*RESULTS@#A total of 303 patients (groups: sepsis 135 [44.6%]), pre-shock state (93 [30.7%]), and septic shock (75 [24.8%]) completed the 1-year follow-up. The mortality rates at 28 days, 90 days, and 180 days and 1 year were significantly higher in the pre-shock state group than those of the sepsis group, but significantly lower than those in the septic shock group, especially among older patients. When compared with the pre-shock state group, the sepsis group had significantly lower mortality risks at 28 days, 90 days, and 180 days and 1 year, whereas the sepsis shock group had higher mortality risks at these time points.@*CONCLUSION@#The mortality rates of patients in the pre-shock state were notably different from those of patients with sepsis or septic shock. The introduction of a modified sepsis severity classification, which includes sepsis, pre-shock state, and septic shock, could offer valuable additional prognostic information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Septic , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Hospitalization , Universities
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 360-366, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009367

ABSTRACT

The qualitative, quantitative, and localization analysis of hearing loss is one of the important contents of forensic clinical research and identification. Pure-tone audiometry is the "gold standard" for hearing loss assessment, but it is affected by the subjective cooperation of the assessed person. Due to the complexity of the auditory pathway and the diversity of hearing loss, the assessment of hearing loss requires the combination of various subjective and objective audiometric techniques, along with comprehensive evaluation based on the case situation, clinical symptoms, and other examinations to ensure the scientificity, accuracy and reliability of forensic hearing impairment assessment. Objective audiometry includes acoustic impedance, otoacoustic emission, and various auditory evoked potentials. The frequency-specific auditory brainstem response (ABR), 40 Hz auditory event related potential, and auditory steady-state response are commonly used for objective hearing threshold assessment. The combined application of acoustic impedance, otoacoustic emission and ABR can be used to locate hearing loss and determine whether it is located in the middle ear, cochlea, or posterior cochlea. This article reviews the application value of objective audiometry techniques in hearing threshold assessment and hearing loss localization, aiming to provide reference for forensic identification of hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Audiometry, Pure-Tone/methods , Clinical Medicine
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 908-920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970562

ABSTRACT

To clarify the content characteristics of the main active components and mineral elements of Cynomorium songaricum under different habitat conditions, and further explore the relationship between the quality of C. songaricum and habitats, this study took C. songaricum from 25 different habitats in China as the research object, and measured the contents of 8 main active components and 12 mineral elements separately. Diversity analysis, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were carried out. The results showed that the genetic diversity of total flavonoids, ursolic acid, ether extract, potassium(K), phosphorus(P) and zinc(Zn) in C. songaricum was high. The coefficient of variation of crude polysaccharide, ether extract, gallic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, catechin, epicatechin, calcium(Ca), sodium(Na), magnesium(Mg), sulfur(S), iron(Fe), manganese(Mn), selenium(Se) and nickel(Ni) were all over 36%, indicating that the quality of C. songaricum was significantly affected by habitats. There were strong synergistic and weak antagonistic effects among the contents of the 8 active components, and complex antagonistic and synergistic effects among the contents of the 12 mineral elements. Principal component analysis revealed that crude polysaccharide, ursolic acid, catechin, epicatechin and total flavonoids could be used as the characteristic components to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum, and Na, copper(Cu), Mn and Ni were the characteristic elements to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum. In cluster ana-lysis, the second group with the main active components as cluster center had better quality in terms of the content of active substances, and the second group with the mineral elements as cluster center had higher utilization potential in the exploitation of mineral elements. This study could provide a basis for resource evaluation and breeding of excellent varieties of C. songaricum in different habitats, and provide a reference for cultivation and identification of C. songaricum.


Subject(s)
Cynomorium , Catechin , Plant Breeding , Selenium , Ethers , Ethyl Ethers , Flavonoids , Plant Extracts
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 135-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the application of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in the rapid clinical diagnosis of critically ill neonates.@*METHODS@#The critically ill neonates who admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Children's Hospital of Fudan University and underwent WGS from August to September, 2019 were enrolled in this prospective study. The genetic testing results and clinical outcome were analyzed with reference to the sequencing data and clinical features of the neonates.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 neonates were tested, among whom there were 9 boys and 6 girls. The main reason for hospitalization included abnormal breathing in 7 neonates, poor response in 2 neonates, feeding difficulty in 2 neonates, fever in 1 neonate, hypothermia in 1 neonate, preterm birth in 1 neonate, and convulsion in 1 neonate. The mean turn-around time was 4.5 days for WGS. Finally a genetic diagnosis was obtained for 3 neonates, with a positive diagnostic rate of 20% (3/15). Among the 3 neonates, 2 neonates were withdrawn from the treatment due to severe conditions and 1 neonate died on the day when the sample was sent for genetic testing, whose etiology could be explained by the results of genetic testing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#WGS technique can provide a timely and effective diagnosis for critically ill neonates suspected of genetic diseases and provide genetic evidence for clinical treatment of critically ill cases.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Male , Child , Female , Humans , Critical Illness , Prospective Studies , Premature Birth , Dyspnea , Fever
6.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 397-405, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the clinical benefits of a vancomycin dosage strategy based on a serum trough concentration model in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#This prospective single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial categorized 66 elderly patients with severe pneumonia into study and control groups. The control group received vancomycin using a regimen decided by the attending physician. Meanwhile, the study group received individualized vancomycin therapy with a dosing strategy based on a serum trough concentration model. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with serum trough concentrations reaching the target values. The secondary endpoints were clinical response, vancomycin treatment duration, and vancomycin-associated acute kidney injury (VA-AKI) occurrence.@*RESULTS@#All patients were at least 60 years old (median age = 81 years). The proportion of patients with target trough concentration achievement (≥ 15 mg/L) with the initial vancomycin regimen was significantly higher in the study group compared to the control group (75.8% vs. 42.4%, P = 0.006). Forty-five patients (68.2%) achieved clinical success, the median duration of vancomycin therapy was 10.0 days, and VA-AKI occurred in eight patients (12.1%). However, there were no significant differences in these parameters between the two groups. The model for predicting vancomycin trough concentrations was upgraded to: serum trough concentration (mg/L) = 17.194 - 0.104 × creatinine clearance rate (mL/min) + 0.313 × vancomycin daily dose [(mg/(kg∙d)].@*CONCLUSION@#A vancomycin dosage strategy based on a serum trough concentration model can improve the proportion of patients achieving target trough concentrations in elderly patients with severe pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Middle Aged , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Pneumonia/drug therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 822-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC-MS/MS) method for the determination of L-tryptophan and its metabolites in serum.Methods:The methodology was established and evaluated using serum samples collected from 166 healthy subjects undergoing physical examinations at West China Hospital from November 2022 to January 2023 were collected. Isotope-labeled markers of L-tryptophan (Trp), L-kynurenine (Kyn), and kynurenic acid (KA) were used as internal standards. After protein precipitation treatment of serum samples, LC-MS/MS was used to determine Trp, Kyn, and KA simultaneously. The selectivity, specificity, linearity, detection limit (LOD), quantification limit (LOQ), carry-over, precision, recovery rate, matrix effect, and dilution integrity of the method were evaluated.Results:The linearity of Trp, Kyn, and KA was demonstrated to be 0.999. The LODs were 0.10 μmol/L, 0.01 μmol/L and 1.00 nmol/L, respectively. The LOQs were 0.20 μmol/L, 0.04 μmol/L and 2.00 nmol/L, respectively. The intra-batch precision and inter-batch precision were below<10%. The average recovery rate and the relative matrix effect were all about 100%. The samples over the upper limit of quantitation can be diluted up to 16 times. The Trp concentration, Kyn concentration, KA concentration, Kyn/Trp ratio, and KA/Kyn ratio in serum of healthy subjects were 59.55±10.92 μmol/L, 1.85±0.43 μmol/L, 39.89±17.93 nmol/L, (31.64±8.19)×10 -3 and 21.51±6.72, respectively. Conclusion:An ID-LC-MS/MS method was successfully established for the quantitative determination of Trp, Kyn, and KA in serum. The method proved to be simple, rapid, sensitive, accurate, and reliable, providing robust support for clinical research related to these analytes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 117-128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death protein-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in liver cancer stem-like cells (LCSLC) and its effect on the characteristics of tumor stem cells and tumor biological function, to explore the upstream signaling pathway regulating PD-L1 expression in LCSLC and the downstream molecular mechanism of PD-L1 regulating stem cell characteristics, also tumor biological functions. Methods: HepG2 was cultured by sphere-formating method to obtain LCSLC. The expressions of CD133 and other stemness markers were detected by flow cytometry, western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were used to detect the expressions of stemness markers and PD-L1. The biological functions of the LCSLC were tested by cell function assays, to confirm that the LCSLC has the characteristics of tumor stem cells. LCSLC was treated with cell signaling pathway inhibitors to identify relevant upstream signaling pathways mediating PD-L1 expression changes. The expression of PD-L1 in LCSLC was down regulated by small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of stem cell markers, tumor biological functions of LCSLC, and the changes of cell signaling pathways were detected. Results: Compared with HepG2 cells, the expression rate of CD133 in LCSLC was upregulated [(92.78±6.91)% and (1.40±1.77)%, P<0.001], the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were also higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05), the number of sphere-formating cells increased on day 7 [(395.30±54.05) and (124.70±19.30), P=0.001], cell migration rate increased [(35.41±6.78)% and (10.89±4.34)%, P=0.006], the number of transmembrane cells increased [(75.77±10.85) and (20.00±7.94), P=0.002], the number of cloned cells increased [(120.00±29.51) and (62.67±16.77), P=0.043]. Cell cycle experiments showed that LCSLC had significantly more cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase than those in HepG2 [(54.89±3.27) and (32.36±1.50), P<0.001]. The tumor formation experiment of mice showed that the weight of transplanted tumor in LCSLC group was (1.32±0.17)g, the volume is (1 779.0±200.2) mm(3), were higher than those of HepG2 cell [(0.31±0.06)g and (645.6±154.9)mm(3), P<0.001]. The expression level of PD-L1 protein in LCSLC was 1.88±0.52 and mRNA expression level was 2.53±0.62, both of which were higher than those of HepG2 cells (P<0.05). The expression levels of phosphorylation signal transduction and transcription activation factor 3 (p-STAT3) and p-Akt in LCSLC were higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05). After the expression of p-STAT3 and p-Akt was down-regulated by inhibitor treatment, the expression of PD-L1 was also down-regulated (P<0.05). In contrast, the expression level of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in LCSLC was lower than that in HepG2 cells (P<0.01), there was no significant change in PD-L1 expression after down-regulated by inhibitor treatment (P>0.05). After the expression of PD-L1 was knockdown by siRNA, the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were decreased compared with those of siRNA-negative control (NC) group (P<0.05). The number of sphere-formating cells decreased [(45.33±12.01) and (282.00±29.21), P<0.001], the cell migration rate was lower than that in siRNA-NC group [(20.86±2.74)% and (46.73±15.43)%, P=0.046], the number of transmembrane cells decreased [(39.67±1.53) and (102.70±11.59), P=0.001], the number of cloned cells decreased [(57.67±14.57) and (120.70±15.04), P=0.007], the number of cells in G(0)/G(1) phase decreased [(37.68±2.51) and (57.27±0.92), P<0.001], the number of cells in S phase was more than that in siRNA-NC group [(30.78±0.52) and (15.52±0.83), P<0.001]. Tumor formation in mice showed that the tumor weight of shRNA-PD-L1 group was (0.47±0.12)g, the volume is (761.3±221.4)mm(3), were lower than those of shRNA-NC group [(1.57±0.45)g and (1 829.0±218.3)mm(3), P<0.001]. Meanwhile, the expression levels of p-STAT3 and p-Akt in siRNA-PD-L1 group were decreased (P<0.05), while the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and β-catenin did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusion: Elevated PD-L1 expression in CD133(+) LCSLC is crucial to maintain stemness and promotes the tumor biological function of LCSLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Ligands , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
9.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 614-620, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015707

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common geriatric motor system diseases in the clinical practice. Aging, whose hallmark is cellular senescence, is an important factor leading to the occurrence and development of OA, but its exact role in the pathological development of OA is not completely clear. Studies have proved that targeting senescence can effectively treat aging-related diseases. In this study, the heterozygous mouse model of Cdkn2a-e (Luc-2A-tdTomato-2a-CreerT2-Wpre-PA)1 was established by the CRISPR/ Cas9 technique. The expression of Cdkn2a (p16, p16INK4a), a classical marker of senescence, can be traced in vivo in mice. We then utilized anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) to induce OA in Cdkn2a mice, and we hope to verify the relationship between aging and the occurrence and development of OA and visualize aging changes during OA development through the mice model. In this study, 10-12 weeks old Cdkn2a mice were randomly divided into no surgery control group, sham operation group and ACLT group. OA model was constructed in mice by ACLT operation. After surgery for 4 weeks, animals were collected for fluorescence imaging detection in vivo, which showed that local fluorescence expression of Cdkn2a increased in knee joints of mice in the ACLT group four weeks after surgery (P < 0. 05) . The Safranin O-Fast Green Staining of mouse knee tissue sections showed degeneration of the knee cartilage in the ACLT group at 4 weeks after surgery (P < 0. 05) . Immunohistochemical staining of Cdkn2a was performed on the knee tissue of mice. Compared with the other two groups, Cdkn2a staining on the cartilage surface of the knee tissue of mice in the ACLT group was deeper. The results showed that the OA model induced by surgery showed local aging, which further verified the relationship between aging and OA. At the same time, the Cdkn2a tracer mouse model can reflect the aging progress of mice in vivo, with combination of imaging examinations, so that the occurrence and progress of the relationship between aging and OA can be observed in real time. This heterozygous mouse model of Cdkn2a-e(Luc-2A-tdTomato-2a-CreerT2-Wpre-PA) 1 is not only useful for mechanism research of aging and OA diseases, but also beneficial for finding more potential therapy targets to OA and aging.

10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 179-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923780

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the morphological characteristics of Dermatophagoides farinae at different developmental stages. Methods The cultured D. farinae was isolated, and the external morphological features of mites at various developmental stages were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), including egg, larva, nymph and adult stages. Results The D. farinae egg appeared a long oval shape, and the larval mites had three pairs of legs. The nymph had four pairs of legs and underdeveloped genital pores containing genital setae and anal setae, and adult mites appeared long and oval in shape, with decorative patterns on epidermis, and had four pairs of legs. In male adult mites, remarkable thickening of the leg I and thicker and longer leg III than the leg IV were seen, and ventral genital regions were found between the basal segments of legs III and IV; the anus was surrounded by a circular peri-anal ring, with a pair of anal suckers and anal setae within the ring. In the female adult mites, slender legs III and IV with an equal length were seen, and a “λ-shape” genital hole was observed on the ventral surface, with a crescent-like genital plate in the anterior part, and the anus appeared a longitudinal slit. Conclusions An SEM observation of the external morphology of D. farinae provides understandings of the morphological characteristics of D. farinae, which is of great significance for the classification and identification.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 721-727, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous curved kyphoplasty (PCKP) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 70 patients with OVCF admitted to Third People′s Hospital of Datong from May 2020 to December 2021, including 32 males and 38 females, aged 60-89 years [(73.0±8.7)years]. The patients were treated with PCKP (PCKP group, n=20) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) (PVP group, n=50). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay, excellent rate of bone cement distribution at postoperative 1 day, and leakage rate of bone cement were compared between the two groups. In addition, anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae, upper and lower Cobb angle, visual analogue scale (VAS), and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were measured preoperatively and at postoperative 24 hours and 3 months. Results:All patients were followed up for 3-4 months [(3.0±0.6)months]. There were no significant differences in the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and length of hospital stay between the two groups (all P>0.05). At postoperative 1 day, the excellent rate of bone cement distribution was 100% in PCKP group (excellent in 13 patients, good in seven, poor in zero), significantly higher than 82% in PVP group (excellent 21 patients, good in 20, and poor in nine). The leakage rate of bone cement was 0%(0/20) in PCKP group, lower than 20% (10/50) in PVP group ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae, upper Cobb angle, lower Cobb angle, VAS and ODI between the two groups before operation (all P>0.05). At postoperative 1 day, PCKP group showed significantly higher anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and significantly lower upper Cobb angle, lower Cobb angle, VAS, and ODI than those in PVP group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). At postoperative 3 months, PCKP group still showed significantly higher anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and significantly lower upper Cobb angle and lower Cobb angle than those in PVP group ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI between the two groups (all P>0.05). In PCKP group, the anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae was significantly increased and the upper Cobb angle, lower Cobb angle, VAS, and ODI index were significantly decreased at postoperative 1 day and 3 months when compared with those before operation (all P<0.05). In PVP group, there were no significant changes in the anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae, upper Cobb angle, and lower Cobb angle at postoperative 1 day and 3 months when compared with those before operation (all P>0.05), but the VAS and ODI were significantly lowered at postoperative 1 day and 3 months when compared with those before operation (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with PVP, PCKP has better diffusion effect of bone cement in the injured vertebrae and lower incidence of bone cement leakage in the treatment of OVCF, which can effectively promote height recovery of the injured vertebrae, relieve the pain early, and improve spinal function.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 925-929, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934840

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To grasp the research dynamics and development trend of the thermal environment of campus buildings in China, so as to lay the foundation for in depth research and provide a reference basis.@*Methods@#Based on 479 documents in CNKI from 2000 to 2020, the documents were visualized and analyzed by keywords, including co occurrence, clustering, outbreak and author cooperation network in CiteSpace.@*Results@#In the past 20 years, the research on thermal environment of campus buildings in China had gone through a period of formation development growth, and was at a high growth stage now. The word frequency of "thermal comfort, thermal environment, indoor thermal environment, natural ventilation" was greater than 50, which was a high frequency keyword. The highest outbreak rate of "green campus" was 3.75, and "university library, university building, microclimate and green building" was in the outbreak period. And LIU Jiaping, LIU Zehua, WANG Hongguang and others were highly productive authors and have formed cooperative network groups with their own cores, but the cooperation among the network groups was less to be strengthened.@*Conclusion@#The research dynamics of the thermal environment of campus buildings is closely related to the policy development in China, and the research on "green campus, campus energy saving optimization, and university buildings" based on human thermal comfort theory is a hot topic of continuous attention.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1005-1009, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015885

ABSTRACT

Cancer-associated fibroblasts(CAFs) are important cellular components of the tumor microenvironment. They have a variety of cellular sources, including resident fibroblasts, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and epithelial cells, which contribute to the development of tumors. CAFs play important roles in cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis,which can promote tumor proliferation and migration, promote tumor angiogenesis, regulate tumor immunity, and improve tumor drug resistance. Therefore, it is a promising development direction in tumor-targeted therapy. CAFs regulate the biological characteristics of tumor cells and other stromal cells through cell-to-cell contact, releases many regulatory factors and synthesizes and reshapes the extracellular matrix, and influences the occurrence and development of cancer in these ways. However, there are still many unresolved issues on the way in targeting CAFs for tumor therapy. For example, the origin and functional heterogeneity of CAFs still need to be further explored. This review mainly focuses on the summary of origin of CAFs, their roles in tumor development and the potential application in cancer targeted therapy, which will help to deepen the understanding of the roles of CAFs in cancer development and future cancer treatment.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3429-3445, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887994

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the curative efficacy of Chinese herbal injection on unstable angina pectoris( UAP) by network Meta-analysis. The databases,including Pub Med,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trial( RCT) of Chinese herbal injection in the treatment of UAP. All researchers independently screened the articles,extracted the data and evaluated the quality. Open BUGS and Stata were employed for the analysis of the trials that met the quality standards. Fifty-eight studies were finally included in this study,involving 20 intervention measures. In terms of the effective rate,16 injections such as Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection and Danshen Injection combined with western medicine exhibited significant efficacy. In terms of ECG,Puerarin Injection,Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection( GDI),Breviscapine Injection combined with western medicine were superior to western medicine. In terms of the reduction of the angina attack times,Sodium Tanshinone ⅡASulfonate Injection,GDI and Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection combined with western medicine showed better effects than western medicine. In terms of shortening the angina duration,Shenmai Injection combined with western medicine was superior to western medicine. As revealed by the results,Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection,Danshen Injection,Breviscapine Injection,Danshen Ligustrazine Injection combined with western medicine displayed prominent curative efficacy,which were recommended for clinical application. Meanwhile,appropriate intervention measures should be selected according to individual conditions. Limited by the quality of the included trials,the conclusions still need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina Pectoris , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Network Meta-Analysis , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 440-445, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using network pharmacology to explore the mechanism of the 'invigorating qi and promoting blood circulation' drug pair Ginseng-Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) on treatment of ischemic heart disease (IHD).@*METHODS@#The chemical constituents of ginseng and Danshen drug pair were identified by searching the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the potential targets of the pair were identified. The pharmacodynamics of the pair was analyzed using network pharmacology. The targets of IHD were identified by database screening. Using protein-protein interaction network, the interaction targets of Ginseng-Danshen on IHD were constructed. A "constituent-target-disease" interaction network was constructed using Cytoscape software, Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and biological pathway enrichment analysis were carried out, and the mechanism of improving myocardial ischemia by the Ginseng-Danshen drug pair was investigated.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen active constituents and 53 targets were identified from ginseng, 53 active constituents and 61 targets were identified from Danshen, and 32 protein targets were shared by ginseng and Danshen. Twenty GO terms were analyzed, including cytokine receptor binding, cytokine activity, heme binding, and antioxidant activity. Sixty Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways were analyzed, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-serine-threonine kinase (PI3K-AKT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, interleukin 17 signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, and the advanced glycation end product (AGE)-the receptor for AGE (RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The specific mechanism of Ginseng-Danshen drug pair in treating IHD may be associated with improving the changes of metabolites inbody, inhibiting the production of peroxides, removing the endogenous oxygen free radicals, regulating the expression of inflammatory factors, reducing myocardial cell apoptosis and promoting vascular regeneration.

16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 914-918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942548

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse the clinical application of thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps (TDAPF) in the repair of head and neck defects. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 38 patients with oral and maxillofacial head and neck malignant tumors who underwent radical resection of oral and oropharyngeal carcinoma and TDAPF repair in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Oncology of the Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from June 2017 to November 2018. Among them, 32 were males and 6 were females, aged 30-74 years. Flap size, vessel pedicle length, diameter and number of perforators, and flap fat thickness were recorded and counted. Elasti Meter and Skin Fibro Meter were applied to measure the skin elasticity and hardness in the donor areas of 4 kinds of skin flaps before the flap preparation. SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis of the data. Results: All the flaps survived (100%). The mean elasticity of TDAPF [(41.2±12.9) N/m] was significantly lower than that of anterolateral thigh [(77.6±23.3) N/m, χ²=88.89, P<0.05], anterolateral thigh [(62.6±17.7) N/m, χ²=59.99, P<0.05] and or forearm flap [(51.7±8.6) N/m, χ²=37.82, P<0.05]. The hardness of TDAPF [(0.037±0.016) N] was also significantly lower than that of anterolateral femoral [(0.088±0.019) N, F=93.27, P<0.05], anteromedial femoral [(0.059±0.020) N, F=25.71, P<0.05] or forearm flap [(0.062±0.016) N, F=29.11, P<0.05]. Follow-up period ranged from 2 to 14 months. The 38 patients treated with TDAPF had a good recovery of the functions in the recipient areas, and the scars of the donor areas were not obvious after surgery, without serious complications. Conclusion: TDAPF is suitable for reconstruction of head and neck defect, with ductile texture and good recovery of the morphology and function of head and neck.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , Femoral Artery/surgery , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Thigh/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 369-373, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942443

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of superficial temporal artery and vein as recipient vessels for the free anterolateral thigh flap on the appearance and functions after maxillectomy. Methods: Clinical data of 21 patients with malignant maxillary tumors in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to November 2019, who were treated by free anterolateral thigh flap with temporal superficial vessels as the recipient vessels were analyzed retrospectively. There were 18 males and 3 females, with the age ranging from 29 to 73 years old, including 19 cases of squamous carcinoma, 1 case of adenoid cystic carcinoma and 1 case of osteosarcoma. Of those 7 patients underwent primary surgery, 14 patients received resurgery, and 6 patients had a history of postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Among 14 patients with resurgery, 13 had recurrent ipsilateral second site tumor and 1 had recurrent tumor, and all of them received the maxillectomy and reconstructive surgery with the free anterolateral thigh flap. Patients were evaluated with water swallow test and speech intelligibility score in 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. The data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 22.0 statistical software. Water swallow test results before and after operation were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. The mean speech intelligibility scores before and after operation were compared by the paired t test. Results: Patients were followed up for 10-60 months. All free flaps survived after operation. No diplopia occurred. Breathing, swallowing and speaking functions were normal. No movement disorders caused by the donor of thigh flap. Water swallow test showed no phenomenon of water flowing into the nasal cavity or oral and nasal leakage with level Ⅰ for 4 cases, level Ⅱ for 13 cases, level Ⅲ for 3 cases and level Ⅳ for 1 case. The mean speech intelligibility scores before surgery and 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery were 4.31±0.13, 1.46±0.21, 2.15±0.45 and 2.87±0.76 respectively. There was statistically significant difference in the mean speech intelligibility scores between 1 and 6 months after surgery (F=78.456, P<0.05). Conclusion: It is safe and reliable to use the superficial temporal vessels as recipient vessels for free anterolateral thigh flap in the reconstruction of defect after maxillectomy in malignant tumors, with good outcomes of functions and a satisfactory restoration of outward appearance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Free Tissue Flaps , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Thigh/surgery
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 81-86, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985198

ABSTRACT

Frontal sinus imaging is an important research object in forensic individual identification due to the highly specific irregular air cavity shape of frontal sinus, the stability of its shape after maturity, and the wide clinical application of radiology technology. The use of frontal sinus imaging for individual identification has significance in the court. When the application of traditional individual identification methods such as fingerprint identification and DNA analysis are limited or cannot be effectively carried out, or when the corresponding dental records are lacking and in other special cases, individual identification with frontal sinus imaging comparison is an effective alternative. Various types of image data can be used for individual identification with frontal sinus, mainly based on artificial visual comparing. With limitations such as, high professional requirements, low efficiency and small application range, the methods cannot be used in mass disasters. In recent years, some computer image recognition techniques have been used in identification of frontal sinus imagings and can significantly improve the efficiency of recognition. Difficulties such as low manual recognition efficiency may be overcomed. This study summarizes the reports on forensic individual identification using frontal sinus imaging, to review the research progress on individual identification with frontal sinus imaging, to provide a reference for further research on frontal sinus imaging, and to provide ideas for exploration and establishment of a faster, more efficient and more accurate individual identification system.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Forensic Anthropology , Forensic Medicine , Frontal Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Torso
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 15-20, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985187

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of the CT image reconstruction of laryngeal cartilage and hyoid bone in adult age estimation using data mining methods. Methods The neck thin slice CT scans of 413 individuals aged 18 to <80 years were collected and divided into test set and train set, randomly. According to grading methods such as TURK et al., all samples were graded comprehensively. The process of thyroid cartilage ossification was divided into 6 stages, the process of cricoid cartilage ossification was divided into 5 stages, and the synosteosis between the greater horn of hyoid and hyoid body was divided into 3 stages. Multiple linear regression model, support vector regression model, and Bayesian ridge regression model were developed for adult age estimation by scikit-learn 0.17 machine learning kit (Python language). Leave-one-out cross-validation and the test set were used to further evaluate performance of the models. Results All indicators were moderately or poorly associated with age. The model with the highest accuracy in male age estimation was the support vector regression model, with a mean absolute error of 8.67 years, much higher than the other two models. The model with the highest accuracy in female adult age estimation was the support vector regression model, with a mean absolute error of 12.69 years, but its accuracy differences with the other two models had no statistical significance. Conclusion Data mining technology can improve the accuracy of adult age estimation, but the accuracy of adult age estimation based on laryngeal cartilage and hyoid bone is still not satisfactory, so it should be combined with other indicators in practice.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Bayes Theorem , Data Mining , Hyoid Bone/diagnostic imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Laryngeal Cartilages/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 723-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921275

ABSTRACT

Amino acids are essential nutrients for humans and have a wide range of biological functions. They are the constituent units of protein and energy metabolites. In addition, they are also widely involved in the maintenance and regulation of various physiological functions, and play a role in transcription, translation, post-translational modification and other levels. The liver is a key metabolic organ, and it acts as a hub that connects the metabolism of various tissues. Amino acid sensing plays a very important role in the regulation of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism. Therefore, accurately sensing the levels of intracellular and extracellular amino acids is the key to maintaining cell homeostasis. There are several well-known amino acid sensors in eukaryotic cells, such as general control non-derepressible-2 (GCN2), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and taste receptors, which play an important role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis. This article gives a detailed introduction to the role and mechanism of amino acids in regulating hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism, laying a foundation for further exploration of amino acid sensing mechanism and treatment of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amino Acids , Glucose/metabolism , Homeostasis , Lipid Metabolism , Liver
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