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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969841

ABSTRACT

This study collected epidemic data of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou from January 1 to January 20 in 2022. The epidemiological characteristics of the local epidemic in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were analyzed through epidemiological survey and big data analysis, which could provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of the Delta variant. In detail, a total of 276 close contacts and 599 secondary close contacts were found in this study. The attack rate of close contacts and secondary close contacts was 5.43% (15/276) and 0.17% (1/599), respectively. There were 10 confirmed cases associated with the chain of transmission. Among them, the attack rates in close contacts of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation cases were 20.00% (5/25), 17.86% (5/28), 0.72% (1/139) and 14.81% (4/27), 0 (0/57), respectively. The attack rates in close contacts after sharing rooms/beds, having meals, having neighbor contacts, sharing vehicles with the patients, having same space contacts, and having work contacts were 26.67%, 9.10%, 8.33%, 4.55%, 1.43%, and 0 respectively. Collectively, the local epidemic situation in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone has an obvious family cluster. Prevention and control work should focus on decreasing family clusters of cases and community transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Epidemics , Incidence
2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 355-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 18F-FDG PET/CT combined with pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of stageⅠA small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Methods:From June 2017 to October 2021, 113 patients (75 males, 38 females; age 32-79 years) with stageⅠA lung cancer (70 with adenocarcinoma, 25 with squamous cell carcinoma, 18 with SCLC; patients with adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma were combined into non-SCLC (NSCLC) group) and 30 patients with benign pulmonary nodule (21 males, 9 females; age 37-77 years) from the Affiliated Qingdao Central Hospital of Qingdao University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were examined by 18F-FDG PET/CT and serum tumor markers associated with lung cancer. Differences of the clinical, imaging and tumor markers data among different groups were analyzed by χ2 test, Fisher exact test and Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test. Independent risk factors were analyzed by logistic regression analysis and ROC curve analysis was used to analyze the value of different predictive factors in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of SCLC. Results:There were significant differences in SUV max, lobulation sign, spiculation sign, calcification, pleural traction sign, ProGRP, NSE and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) among SCLC, NSCLC and benign nodules groups ( H values: 14.06-20.54, χ2 values: 8.16-14.95, all P<0.05), in which lobulation sign of SCLC was more than that of benign nodules (12/18 vs 26.7%(8/30); χ2=7.41, P=0.007), spiculation sign (2/18 vs 51.6%(49/95); χ2=10.01, P=0.002) and pleural traction sign (1/18 vs 35.8%(34/95); χ2=6.47, P=0.011) were less than those of NSCLC, SUV max was higher than that of benign nodules (7.4(5.8, 9.0) vs 2.3(1.4, 5.1); H=51.82, P<0.001), ProGRP was higher than that of NSCLC and benign nodules (64.0(40.1, 84.8) vs 38.7(26.9, 47.6), 36.7(29.1, 40.5) ng/L; H values: 36.13, 43.96, P values: 0.002, 0.001) and NSE was higher than that of benign nodules (12.4(10.9, 14.5) vs 7.4(5.4, 11.8) μg/L; H=40.53, P=0.001). When differentiated SCLC from NSCLC, spiculation sign (odds ratio ( OR)=0.043, 95% CI: 0.004-0.450, P=0.009) and ProGRP ( OR=1.083, 95% CI: 1.035-1.133, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for SCLC, and the AUC of the two factors combination was 0.875, with the sensitivity and specificity of 14/18 and 84.2%(80/95). When differentiated SCLC from benign nodules, SUV max( OR=2.706, 95% CI: 1.099-6.662, P=0.030), ProGRP ( OR=1.165, 95% CI: 1.009-1.344, P=0.038) and NSE ( OR=1.639, 95% CI: 1.016-2.645, P=0.043) were independent risk factors for SCLC, and the AUC of the three factors combination was 0.985, with the sensitivity and specificity of 17/18 and 96.7%(29/30). Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/CT combined with tumor markers ProGRP and NSE is helpful to improve the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of stage ⅠA SCLC.

3.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 194-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the outcomes and post-discharge follow-up of neonatal tracheotomy in neonatal intensive care unit(NICU).Methods:This study included patients who were admitted to NICU in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January, 2016 to August, 2021, and less than 28 days or 44 weeks(corrected age)on admission, and required tracheotomy.The patients were divided into tracheotomy group and the non-tracheotomy group (the parents signed to refuse the tracheotomy) according to whether perform tracheotomy.Demographic data, general hospitalization information, diagnosis, indications for tracheotomy, follow-up outcomes at 3/6/12 months of age after discharge of patients were collected and analyzed.Results:Totally 26 patients were included in this study, 14 cases in tracheotomy group and 12 cases in non-tracheotomy group.The average gestational age was(37.7±3.80)weeks and(38.99±1.83)weeks, and birth weight was(2 823.57±948.89)g and (3 320.83±378.76)g, respectively.There were no significant differences in sex, gestational age, birth weight, age on admission, weight on admission, age at diagnosis, ratio of endotracheal intubation for respiratory support on admission between two groups( P>0.05). The commonest indications of tracheotomy group were bilateral vocal cord paralysis(50.0%) and congenital anomaly/defect of throat/larynx(21.4%), and the commonest indications of non-tracheotomy group were bilateral vocal cord paralysis(50.0%) and vocal cord/subglottic mass(25.0%), and there was no significant difference between two groups( P>0.05). The rate of discharge-against-medical order of tracheotomy and non-tracheotomy group was 7.14% and 66.67%( P=0.003), respectively.The total follow-up rate of tracheotomy and non-tracheotomy group was 88.9% and 38.9%, while the follow-up rates at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months were 100.0% vs. 50.0%, 83.3% vs. 41.7%, and 81.8% vs. 25.0%, respectively, whose differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). In the 14 cases of tracheotomy group, 3 cases died, 4 cases successfully removed the tracheal cannula, 5 cases did not remove the tracheal cannula, and 2 cases were lost. Conclusion:Bilateral vocal cord paralysis is the commonest indication of neonatal tracheotomy.Parents′ compliance in the tracheotomy group is significantly higher than that in non-tracheotomy group.To give caring skill training for parents of neonates with tracheotomy before discharge is beneficial for improving the overall prognosis of children.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1839-1842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004904

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the differences in heart rate variability (HRV) indicators between depressive college students with and without suicidal ideation, so as to provide a reliable objective physiological basis for suicide screening and prevention among college students.@*Methods@#From March to April 2023, a total of 60 college students with depression aged 17-25 years old were recruited from three universities in Daqing City, Heilongjiang Province through online and campus recruitment. They were divided into the depression with suicidal ideation group (30 cases) and the depression without suicidal ideation group (30 cases) based on the presence of suicidal ideation. A screening survey was conducted on college students using a self designed general information questionnaire, Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI). In May 2023, 5 minute resting HRV data was collected from the two groups of participants, and statistical analysis was conducted using t-tests or MannWhitney U tests.@*Results@#The SSI and HAMD scores of college students in the depression group with suicidal ideation [7.00(4.25, 16.00), 40.73±12.88] were higher than those in the depression group without suicidal ideation [4.50(1.75, 6.00), 29.17±8.15 ] ( Z/t= -6.64 , 4.16, P <0.01). The standard deviation of the NN (SDNN), standard deviation of the average NN intervals (SDANN) and standard deviation of the NN interval every 5 minutes (SDNN Index) in the HRV time domain indicators of college students with depression and suicidal ideation [42.75(35.03, 60.75)ms, 32.75(26.65, 46.88)ms, (298.82±61.61)ms] were lower than those in the depression without suicidal ideation group [50.80(46.15, 59.68)ms, 38.80(34.50, 45.80)ms, (329.20±50.80)ms] ( Z/t= -2.43 , -2.20, -2.08, P <0.05). The very low frequency (VLF) in frequency domain indicators of college students with depression and suicidal ideation [0.02(0.02,0.02)Hz] was higher than that in the depression group without suicidal ideation [0.02(0.01, 0.02 )Hz] ( Z=-2.19, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#College students with suicidal ideation have higher levels of depression and imbalanced autonomic nervous system function, and HRV may become an objective physiological indicator for identifying suicidal ideation.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 386-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013867

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by regulating autophagy through PI3K/AKT pathway. Methods The rats were randomly divided into five groups(n=10): sham operation group(Sham), model group(Model), Buyang Huanwu Decoction group(BYHWD), PI3K inhibitor group(LY294002)and Vehicle group(Vehicle). Except Sham group, the other groups were treated with 2h ischemia and 72 h reperfusion for modeling. The Zea Longa score was used to assess the neurological defects, HE was used to observe brain injury in the ischemic penumbra(IP), immunofluorescence was employed to detect LC3, and Western blot was used to detect pathway and autophagy marker proteins. Results Compared BYHWD group with model group, the neurological score of rats decreased, cerebral infarction volume decreased, the pathological lesions of brain IP were relieved, PI3K and p-AKT/AKT expression increased, and LC3Ⅱ/ decreased and p62 increased(P<0.05). The regulatory effect of BYHWD was weakened by LY294002(P<0.05). Conclusion Buyang Huanwu Decoction alleviates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by activating PI3K/AKT pathway to inhibit autophagy.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1787-1793, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013723

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the inhibitory effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction on the inflammatory response in the hippocampus of brain tissues of CIRI rats by regulating SIRT1 and the underlying mechanism. Methods The middle cerebral artery embolization (MCAO) model was prepared in rats and divided into sham operation group (Sham), model group (MCAO/R), Buyang Huanwu Decoction group (BYHWT),and BYHWT + SIRT1 inhibitor group (BYHWT + EX527). Zea Longa was used to detect the neurological function score of rats in each group; TTC staining was used to determine the volume of cerebral infarction; HE staining was used to observe the pathological damage of the hippocampus; Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of SIRT1 and IL-6; immunohistochemistry was used to detect TNF-α, IL-1β expression level. Results Compared with the sham group,the neurological function score of the MCAO/R group increased (P < 0.05); the volume of cerebral infarction increased (P < 0.05); the nerve cells in hippocampus were severely damaged, arranged disorderly, and the nucleus was broken; Western blot showed that the expression of SIRT1 decreased, IL-6 expression increased (P <0.05); immunohistochemistry showed that TNF-α,IL-1β expression increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the MCAO/R group, the neurological function score of the BYHWT group decreased (P <0.05); the volume of cerebral infarction decreased (P < 0.05); the damage of nerve cells in hippocampus was reduced; Western blot showed that the expression of SIRT1 increased and IL-6 expression decreased (P < 0.05); immunohistochemistry showed that TNF-α, IL-1β expression decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with the BYHWT group, the neurological function score of the BYHWT + EX527 group increased (P < 0.05); the volume of cerebral infarction was raised (P <0.05); the damage of nerve cells in hippocampus was aggravated; Western blot showed that the expression of SIRT1 decreased and IL-6 expression increased (P < 0.05); immunohistochemistry showed that TNF-α, IL-1β expression increased (P < 0.05). Conclusions Preliminary discussion of Buyang Huanwu Decoction can activate SIRT1 in hippocampus of rat brain tissues to reduce the inflammatory response after CIRI and play a role in brain protection.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 537-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of "Zhibian" (BL 54)-to-"Shuidao" (ST 28) needle insertion on the ovarian function in the rats with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and the potential effect mechanism based on the Fas/FADD/Caspase-8 of death receptor pathway.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight female SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a medication group and an acupuncture group, with 12 rats in each group. Except in the blank group, the rats in the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with cyclophosphamide to establish the POI model. In the acupuncture group, after successful modeling, the intervention was given with "Zhibian" (BL 54)-to- "Shuidao" (ST 28) needle insertion, once daily, 30 min in each intervention; and the duration of intervention was 4 weeks. In the medication group, estradiol valerate tablets were administered intragastrically, 0.09 mg•kg-1•d-1, for 4 weeks. The general situation and the estrous cycle of the rats were compared among groups. Using ELISA, the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2) in the serum were detected. HE staining was adopted to observe the morphological changes of ovarian tissue of rats. The protein expression of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 in ovarian tissue was detected with immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#After modeling, except the rats of the blank group, the rats of the other groups had dry fur, lost hair, low spirits, reduced food intake, increased urination and loose stool. After intervention, the stool became regular gradually in the acupuncture group and the medication group. The percentage of estrous cycle disturbance was increased in the rats of the model group when compared with the blank group (P<0.01); in comparison with the model group, the percentages of estrous cycle disturbance were reduced in the acupuncture group and the medication group after intervention (P<0.01). When compared with the blank group, the body mass and E2 content in the serum were lower (P<0.01), the levels of FSH and LH in the serum and the protein expression levels of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the body mass and E2 contents in the serum were higher (P<0.01), the levels of FSH and LH in the serum and the protein expression levels of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 were reduced (P<0.01) in the acupuncture group and the medication group.@*CONCLUSION@#"Zhibian" (BL 54)-to-"Shuidao" (ST 28) needle insertion can effectively improve the ovarian function of POI rats, and its effect mechanism may be related to regulating the serum sex hormone levels, reducing the expression of Fas, FADD and Caspase-8 in ovarian tissue and retarding apoptosis of ovarian cells.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Rats , Needles , Signal Transduction , Receptors, Death Domain/metabolism
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 454-460, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture at "Zhibian" (BL 54) through "Shuidao" (ST 28) on premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) from the perspective of oxidative stress.@*METHODS@#Sixty female SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a sham acupuncture group, a medication group, and an acupuncture group, 12 rats in each group. Except the blank group, the rats in the remaining groups were intraperitoneally injected with cyclophosphamide to establish the POI model. After the model was successfully established, the rats in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at "Zhibian" (BL 54) through "Shuidao" (ST 28), with a depth of about 12 mm, and the needle was retained for 30 min; the acupuncture was given once a day, for a total of 4 weeks. The rats in the sham acupuncture group were treated with blunt-head needle to tap the skin surface of "Zhibian" (BL 54), without penetrating the skin, once a day for 4 weeks. The rats in the medication group were treated with estradiol valerate by gastric gavage for 4 weeks. After the intervention, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the ovarian tissue was detected by fluorescence probe; the expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), forkhead box O1 (FoxO1), tumor suppressor gene protein 53 (p53) and p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (Puma) mRNA and protein in ovarian tissue were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the level of ROS and the expression of JNK mRNA, p-JNK protein, FoxO1, p53, Puma mRNA and protein in the ovarian tissue in the model group were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the level of ROS and the expression of p-JNK protein, FoxO1, p53, Puma mRNA and protein in the ovarian tissue in the sham acupuncture group were slightly reduced, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The level of ROS and the expression of JNK mRNA, p-JNK protein, FoxO1, p53, Puma mRNA and protein in the ovarian tissue in the acupuncture group and the medication group were reduced (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Zhibian" (BL 54) through "Shuidao" (ST 28) could improve the level of oxidative stress, down-regulate the expression of apoptosis-related factors JNK, FoxO1, p53 and Puma induced by oxidative stress, and inhibit the premature failure of ovarian reserve function caused by apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells in POI rats.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Acupuncture Therapy , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/therapy , Apoptosis , RNA, Messenger , Oxidative Stress , Acupuncture Points
9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 495-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985669

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the ultrasonic manifestations, clinical features, high risk factors and key points of pregnancy management in prenatal diagnosis of umbilical artery thrombosis (UAT). Methods: The data of 31 pregnant women of UAT diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography and confirmed after birth from July 2017 to July 2022 at the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed, including the maternal characteristics, pregnancy outcomes and fetal complications. In addition, the baseline data and pregnancy outcomes were compared in 21 patients who continued pregnancy after diagnosis of UAT. Of the 21 UAT cases that continued pregnancy, 10 cases were treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH; LMWH treatment group), while the other 11 patients had expectant treatment(expectant treatment group). Results: The age of the 31 pregnant women was (30.2±4.7) years, of which 5 cases (16%,5/31) were advanced age pregnant women. The gestational age at diagnosis was (32.9±4.0) weeks, and the gestational age at termination of pregnancy was (35.6±2.9) weeks. In 31 fetuses with UAT, 15 cases (48%) had fetal distress, 11 cases (35%) had fetal growth restriction, and 3 cases (10%) had intrauterine stillbirth. There were 28 cases of live births, including 26 cases by cesarean section and 2 cases by vaginal delivery. There were also 3 stillbirths, all delivered vaginally. Four neonates had mild asphyxia and two newborns had severe asphyxia. Among the 31 cases, 10 cases were terminated immediately after diagnosis, the gestational age at diagnosis was (35.9±2.9) weeks. Another 21 pregnancies continued, and their gestational age at diagnosis was (31.4±3.7) weeks. The median prolonged gestational age in LMWH treatment group was 7.9 weeks (4.6-9.4 weeks), and all were live births. The median prolonged gestational age in the expectant treatment group was 0.6 weeks (0.0-1.0 weeks), and 2 cases were stillbirths. There was a statistically significant difference in prolonged gestational age (P=0.002). Conclusions: Ultrasound is the preferred method for prenatal detection of UAT. Clinicians need to be vigilant for UAT when a newly identified single umbilical artery is detected by ultrasound in the second or third trimesters. The decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy depends on the gestational age and the condition of fetus. Attention should be paid to fetal movements as the pregnancy continues. The treatment of LMWH as soon as possible after diagnosis of UAT may improve the pregnancy outcome.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Adult , Infant , Stillbirth , Cesarean Section , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Asphyxia , Retrospective Studies , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Pregnancy Outcome , Fetal Growth Retardation/therapy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Gestational Age
10.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 293-308, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982187

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Butylphthalide (NBP) and edaravone (EDV) injection are common acute ischemic stroke medications in China, but there is a lack of large real-world safety studies on them. This study aimed to determine the incidence of adverse events, detect relevant safety signals, and assess the risk factors associated with these medications in real-world populations.@*METHODS@#In this study, data of acute ischemic stroke patients were extracted from the electronic medical record database of six tertiary hospitals between January 2019 and August 2021. Baseline confounders were eliminated using propensity score matching. The drugs' safety was estimated by comparing the results of 24 laboratory tests standards on liver function, kidney function, lipid level, and coagulation function. The drugs' relative risk was estimated by logistic regression. A third group with patients who did not receive NBP or EDV was constructed as a reference. Prescription sequence symmetry analysis was used to evaluate the associations between adverse events and NBP and EDV, respectively.@*RESULTS@#81,292 patients were included in this study. After propensity score matching, the NBP, EDV, and third groups with 727 patients in each group. Among the 15 test items, the incidence of adverse events was lower in the NBP group than in the EDV group, and the differences were statistically significant. The multivariate logistic regression equation revealed that NBP injection was not a promoting factor for abnormal laboratory test results, whereas EDV had statistically significant effects on aspartate transaminase, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol. Prescription sequence symmetry analysis showed that NBP had a weak correlation with abnormal platelet count. EDV had a positive signal associated with abnormal results in gamma-glutamyl transferase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, prothrombin time, and platelet count.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In a large real-world population, NBP has a lower incidence of adverse events and a better safety profile than EDV or other usual medications.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 860-867, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in ozone-induced pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixteen wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice and 16 ACE2 knock-out (KO) mice were exposed to either filtered air or ozone (0.8 ppm) for 3 h per day for 5 consecutive days. Masson's staining and HE staining were used to observe lung pathologies. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and the total cell count was determined. The total proteins and cytokines in BALF were determined by BCA and ELISA method. The transcription levels of airway remodeling-related indicators in the lung tissues were detected using real-time quantitative PCR. The airway resistance of the mice was measured using a small animal ventilator with methacholine stimulation.@*RESULTS@#Following ozoneexposure ACE2 KO mice had significantly higher lung pathological scores than WT mice (P < 0.05). Masson staining results showed that compared with ozone-exposed WT mice, ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice presented with significantly larger area of collagen deposition in the bronchi [(19.62±3.16)% vs (6.49±1.34)%, P < 0.05] and alveoli [(21.63±3.78)% vs (4.44±0.99)%, P < 0.05]. The total cell count and total protein contents in the BALF were both higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice than in WT mice, but these differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The concentrations of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, CXCL1/KC and MCP-1 in the BALF were all higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice than in ozone-exposed WT mice, but only the difference in IL-1β was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The transcription levels of MMP-9, MMP-13, TIMP 4, COL1A1, and TGF-β in the lung tissues were all significantly higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice (P < 0.01). No significant difference was found in airway resistance between ozone-exposed ACE KO mice and WT mice after challenge with 0, 10, 25, or 100 mg/mL of methacholine.@*CONCLUSION@#ACE2 participates in ozone-induced lung inflammation and airway remodeling in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Airway Remodeling , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Methacholine Chloride , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Ozone/adverse effects , Pneumonia
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 88-93, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935649

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonates with upper airway obstruction (UAO) who were admitted via transportation, hence to provide more evidence-based information for the clinical management of UAO. Methods: This was a single center retrospective study. Patients were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 1, 2016 to May 31, 2021 with age <28 days or postmenstrual age (PMA) ≤44 weeks, and UAO as the first diagnosis. The general information of patients, obstructed sites in the upper airway, treatment, complications and prognosis were analyzed. The outcomes of surgical UAO vs. non-surgical UAO were analyzed by 2 by 2 χ2 test. Results: A total of 111 cases were analyzed (2.3% of the total NICU hospitalized 4 826 infants in the same period), in which 62 (55.9%) were boys and 101 (91.0%) were term infants, and their gestational age was (38.7±2.0) weeks, birth weight (3 207±585) g, PMA on admission (40.8±2.5) weeks and weight on admission was (3 221±478) g. There were 92 cases (82.9%) with symptoms of UAO presenting on postnatal day 1, and 35 cases (31.5%) had extra-uterine growth retardation on admission. The diagnosis of UAO and the obstructive site was confirmed in 25 cases (22.5%) before transportation. There were 24 cases (21.6%), 71 cases (64.0%), and 16 cases (14.4%) who had UAO due to nasal, throat, and neck problems, respectively. The top 5 diagnosis of UAO were vocal cord paralysis (28 cases), bilateral choanal atresia (20 cases), laryngomalacia (15 cases), pharynx and larynx cysts (7 cases), and subglottic hemangioma (6 cases). The diagnosis and treatment of all the patients followed a multidisciplinary approach consisted of neonatal intensive care unit, ear-nose-throat department and medical image departments. A total of 102 cases (91.9%) underwent both bronchofiberscope and fiber nasopharyngoscope investigation. Seventy cases (63.1%) required ventilation. Among the 58 cases (52.3%) who required surgical intervention, 16 had tracheotomy. For cases with vs. without surgical intervention, the rate of cure and (or) improvement were 94.8% (55/58) vs. 54.7% (29/53), and the rate of being discharged against medical arrangement were 1.7% (1/58) vs. 45.3% (24/53) (χ²=24.21 and 30.11, both P<0.01). Conclusions: Neonatal UAO may locate at various sites of the upper airway. The overall prognosis of neonatal UAO is favorable. A multidisciplinary approach is necessary for efficient evaluation and appropriate surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Airway Obstruction/therapy , Hospitalization , Pharynx , Retrospective Studies , Trachea
13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1896-1901, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014260

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Buyang Huanwu decoction on the expression of silencing regulation factor 1(SIRT1)protein in cortical area and the possible mechanism of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury(CIRI)via establishing middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)model. Methods SD rats were randomly divided into sham group(Sham), model group(MCAO/R), Buyang huanwu decoction group(BYHWT), and atorvastatin group(Atorvastatin), with 15 rats in each group. After 2 h ischemia/reperfusion for 72 h and drug intervention, the model was successfully constructed by using laser speckle blood flow monitoring video system. Zea Longa neurological function score was used to evaluate the neurological defects of rats after modeling. TTC staining was used to detect infarct volume. Nissl staining was used to observe the injury of nerve cells. Western blot was employed to detect the SIRT1 protein expression level. Immunofluorescence was applied to detect the fluorescence expression of SIRT1. Results Compared with sham group, the neurological deficits of MCAO/R group were serious(P<0.05). Cerebral infarction volume increased(P<0.05). The nerve cells were severely damaged, disordered, with the nucleus pyknosis(P<0.05). SIRT1 protein expression was reduced(P<0.05). The fluorescence intensity of SIRT1 decreased(P<0.05). Compared with MCAO/R group, the neurological impairment degree of rats in BYHWT and Atorvastatin groups was reduced(P<0.05). The proportion of cerebral infarction volume decreased(P<0.05). The injury of nerve cells was significantly reduced and the number of nerve cells increased(P<0.05). The expression of SIRT1 protein was up-regulated(P<0.05). Fluorescence intensity of SIRT1 increased(P<0.05). Conclusions Buyang huanwu decoction can effectively alleviate brain injury in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats, and its protective effect may be related to the increase of SIRT1 protein expression in the ischemic cortical region.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 147-152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014185

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of Buyang huanwu decoction attenuating cerebral ischemia-reper- fusion injury in rats by regulating autophagv through AMPK/mTOR/ULKl signaling pathway.Methods Left eerebral ischemia model in rats was established by modified thread ocelusion method, then the rats in each group were given medieine onee every 24 hours for 3 times.After 72 hours of reperfusion, the nerve injury and the changes of cerebral infarction volume were observed; the morphology, number and apoptosis of nerve cells were observed by Nissl staining and TUNEL staining; the expression of autophagy protein and AMPK/mTOR/LJLKl autophagy signaling pathway related proteins were detected by Western blot.Results Buyang huanwu decoction could improve the neurological deficit of rats, reduce the volume of cere bral infarction and neuronal apoptosis, reduce the pathological injury of brain tissues, inhibit the phosphorylation activation of AMPK, relieve the inhibition of AMPK on downstream mTOR and LJLK1 , promote the phosphorylation activation of both, and inhibit autophagy.AMPK agonist metformin increased the level of autophagy and reversed the protective effect of Buyang huanwu decoction on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.Conclusion Buyang huanwu decoction mediates AMPK/mTOR/ULKl autophagy signaling pathway to play a neuroprotective effect on cerebral is- chemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

15.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 626-630, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and prognosis of neonates with congenital fissure of larynx due to choking, and improve the diagnosis and treatment of congenital fissure of larynx by neonatal medical professionals.Methods:This study was a single-center retrospective case series report.With "choking" as the key word, combined with the information from the first page of the medical record, we searched in the electronic medical record system, and summarized the clinical characteristics and prognosis of neonates diagnosed as congenital fissure of larynx.The study period was from January 2017 to February 2021.Results:A total of seven cases were diagnosed as congenital fissure of larynx, accounting for 2.2% of the total number of hospitalized children due to choking during the same period.Among them, six cases were male, gestational age was 38 (36, 39) weeks, birth weight was 2 820 (2 255, 3 420) g, admission age was 18(5, 20) days and hospitalization duration was 26 (6, 45) days.The common clinical symptoms were choking (7/7) and cyanosis (5/7). Six of the seven children with fissure of larynx were clearly classified as type Ⅰ(two cases), type Ⅲ(three cases), and type Ⅳ(one case). All the seven cases were accompanied by other site/tracheal malformations or congenital abnormalities, among which four (4/7) cases had VACTERL syndrome.A total of three children (two cases of type Ⅲ and one case of type Ⅳ) underwent laryngeal cleft repair operation, and all died shortly after surgery.Four cases didn′t receive laryngeal cleft repair operation (two cases of type Ⅰ, one case of type Ⅲ, one case of parting was unknown), one case with type Ⅰ fissure of larynx accepted the tracheoesophageal fistula repair operation only, who was followed up until the age of two years and six months, and he could have normal diet, one case of typeⅠfissure of larynx with gastric tube discharge, who was followed up to one year and eight months old, could be normal diet too, the two cases of children with no difference between the growth with their peers; one case with type Ⅲ fissure of larynx was lost to follow-up; One case, whose classification was unknown, was followed up until he was 40 days old, and still could be fed orally.The physical development of the child was significantly behind that of the same age.Conclusion:Congenital fissure of larynx is rare, with choking as its main symptom and other malformations.Diagnosis and classification require fiberlaryngoscope and bolting laryngoscope under general anesthesia combined with bronchoscopy, which is difficult to treat.Type Ⅰ has a good prognosis, while type Ⅲ and Ⅳ have poor prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 735-738, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience in the application of muscle relaxants in the perioperative period in neonates with congenital esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 58 previously untreated neonates with EA-TEF who were treated in the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2017 to 2019. The incidence rate of anastomotic leak was compared between the neonates receiving muscle relaxants for different durations after surgery (≤ 5 days and > 5 days). The correlation between the duration of postoperative use of muscle relaxants and the duration of mechanical ventilation was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 58 neonates with EA-TEF, 44 underwent surgery, among whom 35 with type III EA-TEF underwent thoracoscopic surgery. Among these 35 neonates, 30 (86%) received muscle relaxants after surgery, with a median duration of 4.75 days, and 6 (18%) experienced anastomotic leak. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of anastomosis leak between the ≤ 5 days and > 5 days groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged use of muscle relaxants after surgery cannot significantly reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak, but can prolong the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in neonates with EA-TEF. Therefore, prolonged use of muscle relaxants is not recommended after surgery.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Muscles , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 536-542, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015441

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of calycosin on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and its mechanism. Methods Forty SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into sham group, model group, calycosin group (20 mg/kg), nimodipine group (0.7 mg/kg, positive control group). The occlusion model of middle cerebral artery in rats was established by modified thread occlusion method, and the environment of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury was simulated in vivo. Zea longa score was used to detect the neurological deficit of rats after ischemia-reperfusion injury, 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetranitrogen (TTC) was used to detect the volume of cerebral infarction, HE staining was used to detect the pathomorphological changes of nerve cells, Nissl staining was used to observe the changes of nissl bodies, TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptosis of nerve cells, Western blotting was used to detect the expression of cytochrome C (Cyt C), apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf-1), Caspase-9 and Caspase-3. Results Compared with the sham group, the neurological deficit symptoms in the model group were significant (P<0.05), the volume of cerebral infarction increased significantly (P<0.05). Under the microscope, it was found that the nerve cells showed contraction of cell body, hyperchromatic and pyknosis of nucleus and poor growth state, the expression of nissl body reduced significantly (P < 0.05), the apoptotic nerve increased significantly (P< 0.05), the expression of Cyt C, Apaf-1, Caspase-9 and Caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the neurological deficit symptoms of calycosin group and nimodipine group reduced significantly (P<0.05), the volume of cerebral infarction reduced significantly (P<0.05). Under the microscope, the damage of nerve cells reduced significantly, the expression of nissl body increased significantly (P<0.05), the apoptotic nerve reduced significantly (P<0.05), the expression of Cyt C, Apaf-1, Caspase-9 and Caspase-3 decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion Calycosin can significantly inhibit the apoptosis of nerve cells and reduce the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Its mechanism of action is related to the effective regulation of Cyt C/Apaf-1 apoptosis signaling pathway by calycosin.

18.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1060-1065, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical manifestations, genetic disorder, prognosis of 14 neonates with primary immunodeficiency disease(PID).Methods:A total of 14 newborns with PID admitted to Department of Neonatology at Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled for retrospective analysis, focusing on their clinical manifestation, peripheral blood cell examnations, gene mutation, and outcomes after hemotopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT).Results:The average gestational age of the newborn was (38.6±1.2) weeks, the birth weight was (3 265±325)g, and the median diagnosis time was 57.5 days.Fourteen newborns with PID were diagnosed by whole exome sequencing as chronic granuloma (6/14), DiGeogre syndrome (3/14), Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (2/14), severe combined immunodeficiency (2/14) and selective IgA deficiency (1/14). Regarding the clinical manifestations, fever, pneumounia and colitis accounted for 7/14, the decrease of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood accounted for 6/14, and the decrease of B lymphocytes accounted for 5/14.The absolute value of eosinophils increased (>500 cells/mm 3) accounted for 12/14, of which moderately increased (1 500 to 5 000 cells/mm 3) accounted for 5/12, and the absolute value of monocytes increased (median>1.5×10 9/L) accounted for 7/14.Follow-up children received HSCT accounted for 7/14, and the median time of receiving transplantation was 330 days after birth.By the time of follow-up, the primary disease resolved after HSCT accounted for 5/7, and the survival rate was 85.7%.Among them, two children with chronic granulomatosis were diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease before transplantation, and the primary disease improved after HSCT.Three-quarters of the deaths had inflammatory bowel disease-like manifestations and died of infectious shock. Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of children with PID during the neonatal period are not specific.The manifestations of colitis need more attention.Some of the newborns with PID will evolve into inflammatory bowel disease or have inflammatory bowel disease-like manifestations or even die of it.HSCT is a fundamental treatment for the primary disease.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 17-21, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and prognosis of infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma-arteriovenous fistula (IHHE-AVF) complicated with heart failure in neonates.Method:From May 2016 to June 2020, neonates with IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure admitted were retrospectively studied. The clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Result:A total of 11 cases of IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure were enrolled (male 5, female 6). The onset age of heart failure was 12.0 (0.0, 17.0) d. 6 cases showed IHHE on fetal ultrasound. All patients had significantly enlarged heart on chest X-ray. All patients had decreased left ventricular systolic function and pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography. All patients required respiratory support and 6 of them were intubated. 3 cases received conservative treatment (all dead). 1 case received surgery (dead). 7 cases received interventional therapy at the age of (25.6±18.5) d. 1 case was dead, and the other 6 cases were improved and discharged. All the 6 cases were followed up to 3~18 months. None of them had heart failure again. The IHHE were shrunk or completely disappeared. Coagulation function and platelet count were normal.Conclusion:The fatality rate of neonatal-onset IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure is extremely high. Interventional therapy may be more effective than conservative therapy and surgery.

20.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 684-687, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children with inborn error of immunity (IEI) onset in the neonatal period.Methods:The clinical data of 21 cases of IEI neonates admitted to the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital were collected, and their clinical manifestations, peripheral blood test characteristics, genetic diagnosis, and primary disease during hospitalization were collected.The prognosis follow-up results were summarized and analyzed.Results:Twenty-one children with IEI were finally diagnosed by whole exome sequencing, including 15 cases of primary immunodeficiency(including 6 cases of chronic granulomatous disease, 3 cases of DiGeogre syndrome, 2 cases of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, 2 cases of severe combined immunodeficiency disease, 1 case of selective IgA deficiency, and 1 case of ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency), 5 cases of infantile inflammatory bowel disease, and 1 case of familial haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.Clinical manifestations of sepsis and colitis were the most common(accounting for 12/21), and 16/21 of the children had an increase in the absolute value of eosinophils(>0.5×10 9/L). Children received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation accounted for 7/21, and the median time of receiving transplantation was 11 months after birth.By the time of follow-up, the primary disease remission after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation accounted for 5/7.Among them, 2 cases were diagnosed with CGD associated inflammatory bowel disease before transplantation, and the primary disease resolved after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.Of the 14 children who did not receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, 10 children died.Five of the 11 deaths were treated with systematic steroid before diagnosised. Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of IEI in the neonatal period are not specific.Sepsis and colitis are the most common manifestations.Most of the cases have elevated eosinophils in the peripheral blood.Systematic streoid therapy needs to be cautious, and timely evaluation for hematopoietic stem cells transplantation is an effective option to resolution.

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