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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878993

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-MS/MS method for rapid and simultaneous determination of psoralen, isopsoralen, apigenin, genistein, bavaisoflavone, neobavaisoflavone, bavachin, bavachinin, psoralenoside, and isopsoralenoside of Psoraleae Fructus in beagle dog plasma was established, and then the method was applied in the pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by the software of WinNonlin. A Waters HSS-T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm)was used for liquid chromatography separation with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.004% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution.The mass spectrometry was detected using electrospray ion source(ESI) under multi-reaction monitoring mode(MRM), as well as positive ion mode. Analysis time only takes 8.5 min. The methodological study in terms of specificity, accuracy, precision, linear range, recovery, matrix effect, and stability, was validated. The LC-MS analysis method established in this experiment was simple, specific, accurate, reliable, and meet the requirement of pharmacokinetic study in plasma after administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. Six beagle dogs received intragastric administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract, T_(max) of 10 chemical components is 1.92-5.67 h; among them, C_(max) of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside is 383-3 613 ng·mL~(-1), and AUC_(0-∞) is 3 556-18 949 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.45-4.83 h. C_(max) of the remaining six compounds is 0.81-19.9 ng·mL~(-1), AUC_(0-∞ )is 6.54-178 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.95-7.29 h. The UPLC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was proved to be accurate and sensitive that it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of beagle dogs after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Dogs , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plasma , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to use an air-liquid interface (ALI) exposure system to simulate the inhalation exposure of motorcycle exhaust particulates (MEPs) and then investigate the benchmark dose (BMD) of MEPs by evaluating cell relative viability (CRV) in lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells.@*Methods@#The MEPs dose was characterized by measuring the number concentration (NC), surface area concentration (SAC), and mass concentration (MC). BEAS-2B cells were exposed to MEPs at different concentrations @*Results@#Our results reveal that BMD of NC and SAC were estimated by the best-fitting Hill model, while MC was estimated by Polynomial model. The BMDL for CRV following ALI exposure to MEPs were as follows: 364.2#/cm @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that MEPs exposure


Subject(s)
Benchmarking/statistics & numerical data , Bronchi/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Humans , Motorcycles , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Vehicle Emissions/analysis
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1431-1440, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878193

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The impacts of previous cardio-cerebrovascular disease (pre-CCVD) on the outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are not well described. Patients with pre-CCVD may often be poor candidates for HCT. This study aimed to investigate the impact of pre-CCVD on transplant outcomes.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted between patients with and without pre-CCVD who consecutively received allogeneic or autologous HCT between November 2013 and January 2020 with a matching of age and disease status. The cardiovascular complications and HCT outcomes of the two groups were evaluated and compared. The primary endpoints were post-transplant cardio-cerebrovascular disease (post-CCVD) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). We used a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model and the Fine-Gray competing risk regressions for analyses to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs).@*RESULTS@#The outcomes of 23 HCT recipients with pre-CCVD were compared with those of 107 patients in the control group. No significant differences were noted in terms of engraftment, overall survival (OS) (67.00% vs. 67.90%, P = 0.983), or relapse (29.78% vs. 28.26%, P = 0.561) between the pre-CCVD group and the control group. The cumulative incidences of 2-year NRM were similar between patients with pre-CCVD and the controls (14.68% vs. 17.08%, P = 0.670). However, pre-CCVD was associated with an increased incidence of post-CCVD (HR: 12.50, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.88-40.30, P < 0.001), which was an independent risk factor for increased NRM (HR: 10.29, 95% CI: 3.84-27.62, P < 0.001) and inferior OS (HR: 10.29, 95% CI: 3.84-27.62, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#These findings suggest that the existence of pre-CCVD before transplantation might not result in increased mortality directly but superpose the toxicity of the transplantation procedure, leading to a risk of post-CCVD. Post-CCVD was a powerful predictor for high NRM and inferior OS. Further risk stratification of pre-CCVD is needed to reduce NRM in various transplantation settings.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Autologous
4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 969-972, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875915

ABSTRACT

The liver plays an important role in the metabolism, degradation, and excretion of thyroid hormones in the normal physiological state; however, when liver injuries occur, there is a significance increase in hypothyroidism, and most patients have no obvious clinical symptoms or signs. The article summarizes the chronic liver diseases caused by various etiologies and the change in thyroid function in different stages of disease and points out that the reduction in the level of thyroid hormone has an important value in predicting the risk, condition, and prognosis of chronic liver diseases. Studies have shown that some patients with chronic liver diseases can improve the condition and prognosis by adjusting thyroid function. In addition, a series of genetic disorders or dysfunctions caused by abnormal thyroid metabolism may become new therapeutic targets for certain chronic liver diseases, which needs to be confirmed by further studies.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the treatment efficiency using transnasal ileus catheter in elderly patients with mechanical small intestinal obstruction.Method:Ninety geriatric patients with mechanical small intestinal obstruction admitted to Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from Jan 2018 to Dec 2019 were divided into intestinal obstruction catheter group with transnasal ileus catheter insertion ( n=40) and nasogastric tube group ( n=50). Results:The transnasal ileus catheter retained for (91.0±33.5) h significantly shorter than that in nasogastric tube group ((149.3±82.3) h, t=3.323, P=0.002). Compared to nasogastric tube group, the exhaust time, defecation time, feeding time, time to gas-liquid level disappearance and time to contrast agent appearance in the colon in intestinal obstruction catheter group were significantly shorter [(55.9±40.9) h vs. (127.6±59.1) h, t=5.149; (69.8±42.3) h vs. (134.9±48.4) h, t=5.371; (104.3±35.1) h vs. (178.3±79.8) h, t=4.297; (106.2±36.6) h vs. (175.8±79.1) h, t=4.050 and (101.4±37.3) h vs.(172.4±72.9) h, t=4.407, all P<0.05]. In addition, the length of hospital stay was shorter and in hospital expenses were lower [(8.1±3.8) d vs. (11.6±6.7) d, t=2.248; (8 236±5 451)¥ vs. (15 320±9 582)¥, t=3.293, all P<0.05]. Conclusion:The use of transnasal ileus catheter was safe and effective to relieve the symptoms of mechanical small intestinal obstruction, hence improving the success rate of conservative treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of advanced glycosylation end product(AGEs)/sodium-glucose cotransporter-1(SGLT-1) in intestinal and renal tissues and intestinal flora of mice with diabetes kidney disease.Methods:Twenty KKay mice were divided into diabetic group(DM group, n=10) and diabetic kidney disease group(DKD group, n=10). The concentrations of serum AGEs, lipopolysaccharide(LPS), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and intereukin-6(IL-6) were measured. Western blot technique was used to detect the protein expression of AGEs and SGLT-1 in kidney and intestinal tissue, and high-throughput sequencing was used to analyze the difference of intestinal flora. Results:The levels of inflammatory markers TNF-α, IL-6, and serum endotoxin in DKD group were significantly higher than those in DM group( P<0.05). The contents of AGEs in serum and intestine and kidney were increased, and the contents of SGLT-1 in intestine and kidney were increased( P<0.05). Metastats test showed that the abundance of Verrucomicrobia decreased and the abundance of Proteobacteria increased in DKD group( P<0.05). G - bacteria such as Aeromonas, Enterobacter, Morgan, Klebsiella, Serratia, and Burkholderia were relatively dominant, and the abundance of Akkermansia was significantly lower than that in DM group( P<0.05). Conclusion:The increase of AGEs in intestinal tract of DKD mice may induce intestinal dysbacteriosis, especially the increase of Proteobacteria, the decrease of Verrucosa and Wilhelm Ackermann, and the leakage of G-bacteria into the blood to produce intestinal endotoxemia and cause inflammatory reaction, this may be an important factor in the development of DKD. SGLT-1 is elevated in intestinal tissue, which may be involved in the development of DKD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 614-617, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the correlation between the timed up and go(TUG)test and fall risks in elderly frail patients.Methods:From July to September 2019, elderly frail patients who were treated at the cardiovascular department of our hospital were enrolled.Basic clinical data and fall-related information of patients were collected.Patients were divided into the fall group and the non-fall group.Results on the body mass index(BMI), TUG, 4-meter maximum walking speed(4 m MWS)and Barthel index were compared between the two groups.The correlation between TUG and each indicator was examined.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the TUG and falls in elderly patients.Results:A total of 96 eligible patients were enrolled, including 35 in the fall group and 61 in the non-fall group.The average TUG time was longer in the fall group than in the non-fall group(16.45±6.44 s vs.10.17±2.91 s, t=-6.556, P<0.001). The correlation analysis results showed that the TUG was correlated with falls and 4 m MWS( r=0.582 and 0.875, both P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the TUG( OR=1.201, 95% CI: 1.111-1.470, P=0.004)and 4 m MWS( OR=1.146, 95% CI: 1.063-1.244, P=0.015)were risk factors for falls. Conclusions:The TUG is correlated with fall risks in elderly frail patients and should be recommended as a routine test in clinical practice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical application of laparoscopic combined with multi-video debridement in treatment of complicated infectious pancreatic necrosis (CIPN).Methods:The clinical data of 34 patients with CIPN who were treated at the Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively studied. Based on the different video methods used, these patients were divided into 3 groups: the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group and the laparoscopic group. The number of operations, operation time, blood loss, postoperative complication rates, mortality rates and total length of hospital stay were compared.Results:There were 13 patients in the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, with age of (56.4±13.4) years. There were 7 patients in the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group, with age of (48.0±8.4) years. There were 14 patients in the laparoscopic group with age of (51.4±15.6) years. The number of operations of the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group and the laparoscopic group were (2.2±1.1), (1.6±0.8), (2.9±1.4), respectively. The number of operations of the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group were significantly less than that of the laparoscopic group ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences among the other groups ( P>0.05). The operation time of the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group and the laparoscopic group were (70.5±22.9) min, (65.7±19.9) min, (51.5±15.4) min, respectively. The operation time of the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group was significantly longer than that of the laparoscopic group ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences among the other groups ( P>0.05). There were no differences in blood loss, postoperative complication rate, mortality rates and total lengths of hospital stay among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Laparoscopic combined with multi-video debridement after making full use of the advantages of each of the video methods, can be used to improve treatment outcomes of patients with CIPN.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884631

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas. Its pathogenesis is not only related to abnormal activation of trypsinogen, but also related to calcium overload, mitochondrial dysfunction, impaired autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress. However, the mechanism has not been fully elucidated and needs to be further studied. Currently, there is no effective treatment for AP. It is difficult to prevent the loss of pancreatic function. An in-depth understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of AP may help to identify the potential therapeutic targets. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review recent advances in the mechanism of AP in order to provide more research direction for treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 390-396, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficiency of MR psychoradiology examination in screening and classification of psychiatric disorders as well as its potential clinical application.Methods:Retrospective study was conducted for 144 patients with MR psychoradiology examination, who were diagnosed mental disorders based on International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems Tenth Revision (ICD-10) from September 2018 to July 2020 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University. As our previous studies, imaging diagnostic models were constructed based on gray matter volume (GMV) analysis for four kinds of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. For 120 patients with psychiatric disorders, the GMV change pattern of brain regions was detected and subtyped by MR psychoradiology examination with 50% similarity threshold of the above imaging diagnostic models. The diagnostic efficiency of MR psychoradiology examination was evaluated with references of clinical diagnose. For 24 patients with dementia, brain atrophy was additionally measured by conventional MR examination and MR psychoradiology examination respectively.Results:The sensitivity, specificity, Youden index and accuracy of MR psychoradiology in identifying the four psychiatric disorders were 86.6% (84/97), 69.6% (16/23), 0.56 and 83.3% (100/120), including depression [77.8% (28/36), 69.0% (58/84), 0.47, 71.7% (86/120)], schizophrenia [58.8% (10/17), 91.3% (94/103), 0.50, 86.7% (104/120)], bipolar disorder [42.1% (8/19), 96.0% (97/101), 0.38, 87.5% (105/120)] and anxiety disorder [24.0% (6/25), 100% (95/95), 0.24, 84.2% (101/120)]. As for 24 patients with dementia, 58.3% (14/24) were detected with brain atrophy by conventional MR examination, while 91.7% (22/24) were detected by MR psychoradiology examination.Conclusions:MR psychoradiology can detect the subtle brain structural abnormalities of patients with mental disorders. Although it can′t be used as an independent biomarker for disease diagnosis till now, it is of great help in improving the accuracy and objectivity of diagnosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883254

ABSTRACT

Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a serious complication which may cause organ failure and death in patients with acute pancreatitis. Surgical debridement is an important therapeutic approach for IPN. With the development of evidence-based medicine, more and more high-level evidences emerge for surgical debridement of pancreatic necrosis tissue, and the traditional treatment strategy has also changed. In the era of minimally invasive surgery, whether 'delayed surgery' should still be executed and how to achieve 'delayed surgery' are the research hotspots in the treatment of IPN. Research evidences reveal that the 'step-up' strategy is not the best strategy for all IPN patients, and alternatives should be explored. In addition, the indications, advantages and disadvantages of open surgery, surgical minimally invasive surgery and endoscopic surgical debridement of pancreatic necrosis tissue have been widely discussed in recent years, and no consensus has yet been reached. At present, the personalized, multidisciplinary, and minimally invasive treatment of IPN is still the mainstream development direction. The authors investigate the timing and strategy of surgical treatment for IPN in order to provide theoretical basis for clinical practice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and gene variation of asparagine synthase deficiency that is caused by ASNS gene variation. Methods:In Department of Neuroendocrine Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from October 2018 to February 2020, the clinical data of a family of asparagine synthase deficiency were analyzed retrospectively.The pathogenic mutation of the proband was screened by the full exon analysis technique.The pathogenic sites of candidate genes were determined by combining the phenotype of the proband.In the heterotopic spot of the proband, his parents and other family members were verified by Sanger sequencing.Meanwhile, the relevant literature database was consulted, and the reported ASNS mutation related cases were collected and reviewed. Results:The female with proband visited the hospital at the age of 4 months, and she had recurrent convulsions at the age of about 3 months.Physical examination showed that the child suffered from microcephaly, and mental and motor retardation.Meanwhile, video electroencephalogram examination displayed extensive moderate high amplitude spiny slow wave and sharp slow wave.Exon sequencing illustrated that the compound heterozygous variants of ASNS gene were c. 1211G>A (p.R404H) and c. 1643C>T (p.S548F), respectively.c.1211G>A was a known pathogenic variant, and c. 1643C>T was a new variant.The proband′s younger brother visited the hospital at the age of 2 months, developed convulsions at the age of 1 month, and developed mental and motor retardation.Electroencephalogram displayed that bilateral posterior head was dominant, multiple foci and extensive spike wave, and spike slow wave and fast wave were distributed.Sanger sequencing revealed the same ASNS compound heterozygous variants as the proband.Both of them died of status convulsion at the age of 7 months and 6 months, respectively. Conclusions:This study is helpful to further understand the clinical features of the disease and reveal a new pathogenic mutation of ASNS gene, so as to enrich the mutation spectrum of ASNS gene, thus providing important basis for clinical treatment and genetic counseling.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 264-268, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882481

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumors usually have no obvious clinical symptoms in the early stage. Most patients are already in the advanced stage when they are diagnosed. Some patients have lost the opportunity for operation, resulting in poor prognosis. Therefore, how to find the best therapeutic target for such patients and improve the prognosis of patients has gradually become the focus of scholar′s attention. Recently, Kruppel-like factor (KLF) is a transcriptional regulator that can bind to the target DNA, and its family plays an important role in the occurrence and development of malignant tumors. It has also been confirmed that the KLF family affects the proliferation, differentiation and migration of tumor cells, but the specific mechanism is still not fully elucidate. Consequently, in order to further explored the effect of the KLF family on tumors, this study intends to briefly review the roles and regulatory mechanisms of the KLF family in the cell proliferation, differentiation and migration of malignant tumors, hoping to provide new target for the biological treatment of tumors.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881078

ABSTRACT

Seven new triterpenoid saponins, including five ursane-type saponins, ilexchinenosides R-V (1-5), and two oleanane-type saponins, ilexchinenosides W-X (6-7), with four known triterpenoid saponins (8-11) were isolated from the leaves of Ilex chinensis. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic 1D and 2D NMR and HR-ESI-MS data. Their sugar moieties were determined by HPLC analysis compared with standards after hydrolysis and derivatization. Compounds 1, 2, 4, 9 and 10 exhibited potential hepatoprotective activity against N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP)-induced HepG2 cell injury in vitro.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the polymorphism of the HPA1-5,15 system of the donors in Zhangjiakou area.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from the blood samples of the donors, PCR- SSP method was used to divide HPA1-6, 15 genotype. The gene frequency and genotype frequency were calculated, compared with the difference and regiahal specificity of the populations in our country and foregiens was compared other populations.@*RESULTS@#The gene expression in the HPA-1, HPA-2 and HPA-4 systems were all homozygous aa, and the donors who expressed homozygous bb was not exessed. Among them, one heterozygous ab expression was found in both HPA-1 and HPA-4 systems (1%), and 14 cases of heterozygous ab expression were found in HPA-2 system (14%). The gene expression in the HPA-5 system was mainly homozygous aa (98%), and a very few expressed homozygous bb (2%) was found. The degree of heterozygosity of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems was relatively high. The proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-3 system was respectively 46%, 40% and 14%, the proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-15 system was respectively 21%, 64% and 15%.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene frequency of platelet-specific antigen HPA1-5,15 system in zhangjiakou region shows local characteristics. The heterozygosity degree of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems are both high, suggesting that they are more likely to result in alloimmunization and ineffective platelet transfusion, which should be pays attention to.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet/genetics , Blood Donors , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873752

ABSTRACT

The mixed teaching model combines the advantages of traditional teaching and network teaching in the “Internet +” era, which has become one of the important trends in the higher education teaching development. In order to follow this development trend, the human parasitology teaching team makes a reasonable use of modern information techniques, actively promotes the construction and application of online resources, and conducts mixed online and offline teaching based on MOOC resources and the experimental teaching digital platform. This mixed teaching model has shown a positive impact on both teaching and learning among teachers and students; however, students’ personalized independent and deep learning remains unsatisfactory. It is suggested that the online course resources construction, teaching design and digital literacy remain to be increased, so as to create a high-level, innovative and challenging online-offline mixed “golden course”

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of cannulated screw and bone plate for the treatment of humeral fracture of greater tuberosity.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to January 2020, clinical trial literatures on the treatment of humeral tuberosity fractures with cannulated screw and bone plate were searched by PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CNKI, CBM Database, VIP Database and other databases. Independent literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction were performed according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Revman5.2 software was used to perform Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#Totally 5 clinical randomized controlled trials and 12 cohort studies were selected, including 1 068 patientsin which 559 patients were treated by cannulated screw internal fixation and 509 patients treated by bone plate internal fixation. Meta analysis resluts showed that there were satistical differences in operation time[MD=-23.03, 95% CI(-29.69, -16.36), @*CONCLUSION@#Compared with bone plate, cannulated screw for the treatment of humeral fracture of greater tuberosity has advantages of shorter opertaion time, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, lower incidence rate of postopertaive infection, and more benefit for fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878827

ABSTRACT

Unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV) remote sensing and vegetation index have great potential in the field of Chinese herbal medicine planting. In this study, the visible light image of Polygonatum odoratum planting area in Changyi district of Jilin province were acquired by UAV, and the real-time monitoring of P. odoratum planting area was realized. The green leaf index(GLI) was established, and GLI values of P. odoratum were collected used the spatial sampling points. To compare the GLI values in different periods, it was found that the GLI values of P. odoratum have three stages changing rule of rising-gentle-falling related to the germination, vigorous growth and withered of P. odoratum growth. Meanwhile, the GLI values were compared with four biomass data of P. odoratum, including plant height, leaf area, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b content in leaves, and it was found that the GLI value was related to the growth potential of P. odoratum. The GLI value with a rapid increase in rising stage or at a high level in the gentle stage means the P. odoratum was in a better growth potential. GLI value has a same change trend with plant height, and has certain correlation with plant height and leaf area. However, there is no obvious relationship between chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b contents in leaves and GLI value. The study clarified the change rule of GLI value of P. odoratum, explained the reason for the change of GLI value, and expanded the application range of GLI. The research shows that UAV and vegetation index can be applied to monitoring the Chinese herbal medicines planting, and provides a new idea for exploring more effective information extraction methods of Chinese herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
Chlorophyll A , Plant Leaves , Polygonatum , Remote Sensing Technology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the gene mutational spectrum between elderly and young adults with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) based on next generation sequencing(NGS).@*METHODS@#The specimens of 250 AML patients in first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to November 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The mutation of 22 related genes were detected by using AML NGS chips. Then, the differences between elderly (≥60 years old) and young adults (<60 years old) were compared.@*RESULTS@#The most frequent mutations of 250 patients were as follows: NPM1(22.4%), FLT3-ITD(18.8%), NRAS(17.2%), DNMT3A(14.4%), TET2(11.6%), IDH2(9.6%), Biallelic CEBPA(8.8%), Moallelic CEBPA(8.4%), KIT(8.4%), RUNX1(7.6%), IDH1(7.6%), ASXL1(6.0%), U2AF1(5.2%), SRSF2 (3.2%), SF3B1(3.2%), TP53(2.4%), KRAS(2.0%). The NPM1, CEBPA, DNMT3A mutation significantly increased in intermediate prognosis group while KIT significantly increased in favourable prognosis group. The TET2 and IDH2 mutation rate in elderly patients were significantly higher than that in young patients (21.8% vs 8.7%) (χ=7.180, P=0.007) and (20.0% vs 6.7%) ( χ=8.788, P=0.003) respectively. Compared with young patients, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations (including DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1, IDH2) and RNA splicing enzyme mutations (inc-luding SRSF2, SF3B1, U2AF1, ZRSR2) in elderly patients significantly increased(67.3% vs 36.4%) (χ=16.653, P=0.000) and (23.6% vs 8.7%)(χ=9.041, P=0.003) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene mutational spectrum in elderly and young adult AML shows heterogeneity. Compared with young adults, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations and RNA splicing enzyme mutations in elderly patients significantly increase.

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