Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 724
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936259

ABSTRACT

Objective: The characteristics of 3D-FLAIR MRI images of the inner ear of patients with vestibular neuritis were preliminarily studied to explore the possible pathogenesis of vestibular neuritis, and the correlation analysis was conducted in combination with vestibular function to provide a basis for accurate diagnosis of vestibular neuritis. Methods: A total of 36 patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) from December 2019 to October 2020 were collected from the Vertigo Department of Shandong Provincial ENT Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University. There were 36 cases (18 females, 18 males) with unilateral acute vestibular neuritis, 17 cases of left ear and 19 cases of right ear. According to the results of 3D-FLAIR MRI in the inner ears, the patients were divided into the enhanced group and the non-enhanced group (the health side served as the normal control group). The results of vestibular function examination in the two groups were compared. SPSS19.0 software was used for statistical processing to analyze the relationship between the vestibular function and the characteristics of 3D-FLAIR imaging in the inner ears. Results: Abnormal enhancement of 3D-FLAIR was found in 31 cases (86.1%) of the 36 cases, including 14 cases of both vestibular nerve and vestibular terminal organ enhancement, eight cases of superior vestibular nerve enhancement alone, seven cases of vestibular terminal organ enhancement alone, and two cases of cochlear enhancement alone. Observation of abnormal reinforcement of vestibular nerve showed: twenty-one cases of superior vestibular nerve reinforcement, one case of superior and inferior vestibular nerve reinforcement. No abnormalities were found in 3D-FLAIR of inner ear in 5 cases. According to the analysis of vestibular function results, there were 19 cases (52.8%) with total vestibular involvement, sixteen cases (44.4%) with superior vestibular involvement alone, and one case (2.8%) with inferior vestibular involvement alone. Comparison of vestibular function between the five cases (non-enhancement group) and the 31 cases (enhanced group) in the 3D-FLAIR group of the inner ears showed that the CP values of caloric tests in the enhanced group were higher (60.81±3.49 vs 34.12±7.37), with statistically significant difference (t=-2.898, P<0.01). Conclusion: In patients with vestibular neuritis, 3D-FLAIR MRI scan of the inner ear provides visual imaging evidence for clinical practice, considering that the lesion site of vestibular neuritis is not only in the vestibular nerve, but also in the vestibular end organ. Patients with 3D-FLAIR enhanced in the inner ear may have more significant vestibular function damage.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Vestibular Neuronitis/diagnosis , Vestibule, Labyrinth
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 698-704, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the efficacy and safety of emergency transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods: Data of patients who underwent emergency TAVR in eight centers, namely Fuwai Hospital, Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital, Xijing Hospital, Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, between May 2017 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The use of mechanical circulatory support system (MCS) and the results of laboratory tests (N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)) and echocardiography (mean aortic valve cross valve pressure difference and left ventricular ejection fraction) before and after operation were collected. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoints were stroke, major bleeding, major vascular complications, myocardial infarction, permanent pacemaker implantation, and acute renal injury. Device success was caculated, which refered to absence of procedural mortality and correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location and intended performance of the prosthetic heart valve (mean aortic valve gradient<20 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or peak velocity<3 m/s, with no moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation). Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to estimate the survival rate of patients during follow-up. Results: This study included 48 patients. The age was (72.5±8.1) years, and 34 patients were males (70.8%). Device success rate was 91.7% (44/48). The mean aortic valve transvalvular pressure was significantly decreased after operation ((12.3±6.4)mmHg vs. (60.2±23.8)mmHg, P<0.000 1). Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly increased ((41.5±11.7)% vs. (31.0±11.3)%, P<0.000 1). NT-proBNP significantly decreased (3 492.0 (1 638.8, 7 165.5) ng/L vs. 12 418.5 (6 693.8, 35 000.0) ng/L, P<0.000 1). In-hospital all-cause mortality was 8.3% (4/48). During hospitalization, the rate of stroke was 2.1% (1/48), major bleeding was 6.3% (3/48), major vascular complications was 10.4% (5/48), myocardial infarction was 4.2% (2/48), permanent pacemaker implantation was 6.3% (3/48), and the rate of acute renal injury was 12.5% (6/48). MCS was used in 20 patients (41.7%). The median follow-up time was 196 days. During the follow-up, one patient died (due to systemic metastasis of pancreatic cancer), two cases suffered new myocardial infarction and one case received permanent pacemaker implantation. The survival rate of 30 days, 1 year and 2 years after the operation were 91.7% (44/48), 89.6% (43/48), 89.6% (43/48), respectively. Conclusion: Emergency TAVR may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with severe decompensated aortic valve stenosis.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Female , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940439

ABSTRACT

Cimicifugae Rhizoma originated from Shennong′s Classic of Materia Medica(《神农本草经》). Before the Jin-Yuan period (1115-1368 AD), the efficacy of Cimicifugae Rhizoma was clearing heat and removing toxin whether it was recorded in herbal works or medical formularies. Since ZHANG Yuan-su in the Jin-Yuan period, its efficacy has changed, and that of raising Yang Qi has begun to appear. LI Dong-yuan and WANG Hao-gu followed ZHANG Yuan-su's point of view, and did not realize the efficacy of clearing heat and removing toxin and regarded Cimicifugae Rhizoma as a representative medicine for raising Yang Qi. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the efficacy of Cimicifugae Rhizoma was mainly divided into two categories: both clearing heat and removing toxin and raising Yang Qi, and raising Yang Qi only. In modern times, the efficacy realized by previous generations is criticized, and two views emerge. One is inheriting the two-way theory of both clearing heat and removing toxin and raising Yang Qi. The other is that Cimicifugae Rhizoma is purely the medicine for clearing heat and removing toxin and its efficacy of raising Yang Qi is firmly refuted, which conforms to that of Cimicifugae Rhizoma before the Jin-Yuan period, and is also supported by Japanese scholars. Chinese Pharmacopoeia (1985) concludes that Cimicifugae Rhizoma has three major functions: releasing exterior and promoting eruption, clearing heat and removing toxin, and raising Yang Qi, which represents the current mainstream understanding of Cimicifugae Rhizoma in the academic world. Some contemporary scholars, including clinical physicians, medical historians, and pharmacists, still object to the raising Yang Qi of Cimicifugae Rhizoma. This article systematically sorted out the origin and changes of the efficacy of Cimicifugae Rhizoma, and analyzed the reasons for the changes. Combining philosophical thinking and modern pharmacology research, the authors also believe that Cimicifugae Rhizoma can not raise Yang Qi .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940321

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the name, origin, medicinal properties, specifications, clinical efficacy, producing area, quality evaluation and processing methods of Forsythiae Fructus in the famous classical formulas are researched by consulting related herbal literature, medical books and prescription books. The results showed that Forsythiae Fructus was sourced from Hypericum ascyron and its genus plants before Song dynasty, and it is used as medicine in many parts. After Song dynasty, Forsythiae Fructus is sourced from the fruit of Forsythia suspensa. Since the Ming dynasty, Forsythiae Fructus is divided into Qingqiao and Laoqiao according to different harvesting time. According to the research results, it is suggested to refer to the following suggestions for the application of Forsythiae Fructus in the development of famous classical formulas:①F. suspensa should be chosen as the origin since the Ming and Qing dynasties. ②If there is no special requirement for the source of prescriptions, it is recommended that Laoqiao be used in famous classical formulas since the Ming and Qing dynasties. ③The harvest time of Qingqiao should be from July 15th to August 15th, and Laoqiao should be in September, and it should be the husk after the seeds have been removed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940302

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel in reducing cardiomyocyte toxicity of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix processed with Chebulae Fructus. MethodH9c2 cardiomyocytes cultured in vitro were used as a model to assess cell viability by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, the expression of TRPV1 mRNA was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the leakage rate of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the changes of nucleus, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential and Ca2+ contents were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultCompared with the blank group, when the concentration was ≥0.5 g·L-1, the cell viability was significantly decreased (P<0.01), the leakage rate of LDH, the release of ROS and Ca2+ were increased, the mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased, and the nucleus was pyknosis or even broken in raw Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix and Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix processed with Chebulae Fructus groups. When the concentration was ≥0.5 g·L-1, compared with the same mass concentration of raw Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix group, the cell viability increased significantly (P<0.01), the leakage rate of LDH, the release of ROS and Ca2+ decreased, the mitochondrial membrane potential increased, and the nuclear morphology improved in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix processed with Chebulae Fructus group. Application of the same mass concentration of raw Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix to H9c2 cardiomyocytes pretreated with the TRPV1 inhibitor BCTC significantly increased cell viability, decreased leakage rate of LDH, ROS and Ca2+ release, increased mitochondrial membrane potential and improved nuclear pyknosis compared with untreated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Application of the same mass concentration of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix processed with Chebulae Fructus to H9c2 cardiomyocytes pretreated with BCTC decreased cell viability, increased LDH leakage rate, ROS and Ca2+ release, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential compared with untreated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Real-time PCR results showed that both raw Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix and Chebulae Fructus decoction could increase the expression of TRPV1 mRNA in cardiomyocytes in a concentration dependent manner. ConclusionRaw Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix can induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiotoxicity by activating TRPV1 channel, while Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix processed with Chebulae Fructus can attenuate the toxicity through TRPV1 channel, which may be related to the synergistic effect of acid components in Chebulae Fructus and alkaloids in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix on TRPV1 channel.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939716

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease caused by uncontrolled proliferation of activated macrophage, and secreting high amounts of inflammatory cytokines which lead to multi-organ dysfunction syndrome. HLH patients often show different clinical characteristics during the disease was progressed, in which coagulopathy were the most common, including thrombocytopenia and hypofibrinogenemia, those are the major cause of death in patients, and the clinicians should increase awareness of the mechanisms, clinical characteristics, prognosis and treatment. In this review, the above problems are briefly summarized, to deepen understanding of the HLH related coagulation dysfunctions, and early identification and treatment to reduce mortality, so as to provide more opportunities for HLH patients to recieve subsequent treatment.


Subject(s)
Afibrinogenemia , Blood Coagulation Disorders/therapy , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/therapy , Prognosis , Thrombocytopenia
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 432-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935617

ABSTRACT

Mini-invasive surgical or endoscopic step-up approach is the first choice of pancreatic necrosectomy for infected wall-off necrosis. Surgical debridement has the advantage of high efficiency,low cost and good accessibility,while the complication rate of pancreatic fistula and incision hernia after endoscopic necrosectomy is low.Laparoscopic transgastric necrosectomy(LTGN) can combine the advantages of surgical and endoscopic debridement,and may become one of the important methods for the surgical treatment of necrotizing pancreatitis in the future. This paper focuses on the technical advantages,surgical points,indications and application status of LTGN,so as to provide reference for the technical promotion.


Subject(s)
Debridement/methods , Drainage/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Necrosis/complications , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 296-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of cyclin D1-negative mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Methods: The clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of CyclinD1-negative MCL diagnosed between January 2016 and July 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Clinical information was collected and analyzed. Results: A total of five Cyclin D1-negative MCL cases from all 212 MCL patients (5/212, 2.4%)were included. There were three male and two female patients,age ranged from 59 to 70 years (median 64 years). All patients presented with nodal lesions. None of the patients had B symptoms but four had bone marrow involvement. Histopathologically, four cases were classic MCL and one case was pleomorphic variant type. All five cases were negative for Cyclin D1 but SOX-11 were positive in all cases. CD5 was positive in four cases and one case was weakly positive for CD23. CD10 and bcl-6 were negative in all cases. CCND1 translocation was identified in three cases and CCND2 translocation in one case by FISH analysis. However,CCND3 translocations were not found in the five cases. Conclusions: Cyclin D1-negative MCL are uncommon, its accurate diagnosis needs combined analysis with morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics and genetic changes. It may be particularly difficult to distinguish from other small cell type B cell lymphomas. FISH analyses for CCND1/CCND2/CCND3 translocations and immunohistochemistry for SOX-11 are helpful to resolve such a difficult distinction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cyclin D1/genetics , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Biology
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935485

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinicopathological and genetic features of natural killer (NK)-cell enteropathy for better understanding of this rare disease and prevention of its misdiagnosis. Methods: Two cases of NK-cell enteropathy were diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China from October 2017 to February 2021. The clinical characteristics, morphology, immunohistochemistry, Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization and T cell receptor gene rearrangement were analyzed. The patients were followed up by a telephone interview. Results: The patients were both male, aged 40 and 28 years, respectively. Both patients were admitted to the hospital for an annual checkup without obvious gastrointestinal symptoms. The endoscopy showed that the gastric body of case 1 had a mucosal bulge, small area of congestion and erosion, while the rectum of case 2 had congestion and erosion. Microscopically, the lesions of the 2 cases were relatively limited. Many lymphoid cells infiltrated within the lamina propria of the mucosa and into the muscularis mucosa in case 2. In case 1, the glands were reduced in the lesion, and the glandular cavity was slightly compressed and deformed. There was no infiltration or destruction of the glands in either case. Lymphoid cells were atypical, with medium-to-large cell sizes. Their cytoplasm was medium-to-slightly abundant and appeared eosinophilic or translucent. In case 2, characteristic eosinophilic granules were seen in the cytoplasm of a few cells. The nuclei in both cases were round, oval and irregular, with fine chromatin, inconspicuous nucleoli, and no mitotic figures were noted. Necrosis was seen in case 1 while both cases had no central growth or destruction of blood vessels. Immunophenotyping showed that CD56, granzyme B and TIA-1 were positive in both cases, part of the cells was CD3-positive, and some cells were weakly CD4-positive in case 2. The CD5, CD8, CD30, ALK and B-lineage markers (CD20, CD79α) were all negative. The Ki-67 proliferation index was about 60% and 30%, respectively. Both cases were EBER negative. TCR gene rearrangement was polyclonal. Follow-up showed that none of the 2 patients had any special treatments and stayed well. Conclusions: NK-cell enteropathy is rare, with biological behaviors similar to benign tumors, and occasional recurrence. Its histology and immunophenotype are easily confused with NK/T cell-derived lymphomas. Combination of its unique endoscopic features, EBER negativity, polyclonal TCR gene rearrangement and good prognosis can confirm the diagnosis and avoid misdiagnosis and overtreatment.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Male
10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 463-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934766

ABSTRACT

In recent years, significant progress has been achieved in heart transplantation, perioperative management and application of immunosuppressants. Nevertheless, complications after heart transplantation are still main risk factors affecting the survival of recipients. Among them, acute kidney injury is a common complication during the early stage following heart transplantation. It may lead to secondary chronic kidney diseases after heart transplantation and progress into end-stage renal diseases, severely affecting the quality of life and long-term survival of recipients. Therefore, it is of significance to identify the risk factors of kidney injury after heart transplantation and deliver prompt interventions to improve clinical prognosis of heart transplant recipients. In this article, research progress on the incidence, risk factors, prevention and treatment strategies of kidney injury-related complications after heart transplantation was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of kidney injury-related complications after heart transplantation and enhance clinical prognosis of recipients undergoing heart transplantation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the medication rules and mechanisms of traditional Chinese medical doctor Jia Yuejin for treating depressive disorder based on data mining and network pharmacology. Methods:The medication rules and core prescription were analyzed with the statistics of frequency, properties and analysis of correlation, clustering, and complex network of prescriptions for the treatment of depressive disorder from the outpatient service of Professor Jia in the past five years, from 1st Jan. 2016 to 1st Jul. 2020, with the help of the Ancient and Modern Medical Records Cloud Platform (V 2.2.3). Then we obtained the targets of effective ingredients of each drug of the core prescription and disease targets and took the intersection by virtue of TCMSP, GEO and other databases. We used Cytoscape V 3.8.0 to construct disease-drug-ingredient-target and protein-protein interaction networks, and performed GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and finally selected the key effective ingredients and key targets to apply software of Vina to molecularly dock. Results:A total of 120 medical records, 148 prescriptions and 138 drugs were obtained. The most common drug properties were gentle, warm, cold. The main tastes were sweet, pungent and bitter, and the meridians were concentrated in two spleen and liver meridians. The core prescription of 8 drugs was obtained through analysis of drug correlation, clustering and complex network. A total of 80 effective ingredients, 772 related targets, 542 intersectional genes of the core prescription were obtained, the key ingredients included dehydroeburicoic acid, α-Amyrin, and the key targets included AKT1, ESR1. The GO enrichment analysis showed metabolic process, immune system process, signaling process, and the KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, NF-κB signaling pathway. The results of molecular docking of key ingredients and key targets showed them stable binding.Conclusion:The rules of Chinese Medicines of Professor Jia for depressive disorders show the related multi-ingredient, multi-target, multi-pathway mechanisms, which can provide references for clinical use and further research.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 289-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930011

ABSTRACT

There are high burden of disease including a high incidence, relatively high proportion of late stage when diagnosed and poor overall prognosis in China regarding to the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer. Surgery remains as the major treatment for gastric cancer. Based on the latest guidelines, endoscopic surgery or gastrectomy is performed for early gastric cancer, and the standard surgery for locally advanced gastric cancer is D2 lymphadenectomy. Besides, this article will discuss about other research hotspots, such as expansion of lymph node dissection in selected patients, construction methods of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, especially Siewert type Ⅱ, minimally invasive techniques (laparoscopic gastrectomy and robotic gastrectomy), the surgical treatment for elderly patients with gastric cancer will be discussed also.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolysis based on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) mismatch in patients with wake-up stroke (WUS).Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke received alteplase intravenous thrombolysis in the Stroke Center, the Second People's Hospital of Hefei from July 2019 to June 2021 were enrolled retrospectively. According to the time of finding the symptoms, they were divided into WUS group and non-WUS group. The demographic and baseline clinical data were documented and compared between the two groups. The efficacy endpoint was the clinical outcome assessed by the modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score at 90 d after onset. 0-2 was defined as a good outcome, and >2 were defined as a poor outcome. The primary safety endpoint was symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH); the secondary safety endpoint was death within 90 d after onset. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for poor outcome. Results:A total of 256 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 155 males (60.5%), aged 63.0±8.53 years. The median time from symptom onset to intravenous thrombolysis was 130.5 min, and the median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 7. Forty-eight patients (18.7%) were WUS and 208 (81.3%) were non-WUS; 186 (72.7%) had a good outcome and 70 (27.3%) had a poor outcome. There were no significant differences in 90 d good outcome rate (79.2% vs. 71.2%; χ2=1.260, P=0.262), sICH incidence (4.2% vs. 5.3%; χ2=0.102, P=0.750) and 90 d mortality (2.1% vs. 3.4%; χ2=0.000, P=1.000) between the WUS group and the non-WUS group. The baseline NIHSS score, the time from symptom onset to intravenous thrombolysis and the proportion of patients with cardiogenic embolism in the poor outcome group were significantly higher than those in the good outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the baseline NIHSS score (odds ratio 1.670, 95% confidence interval 1.453-1.919; P<0.001) and the time from symptom onset to intravenous thrombolysis (odds ratio 1.007, 95% confidence interval 1.000-1.015; P=0.043) were the independent risk factors for the poor outcome. Conclusion:The efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolysis in DWI-FLAIR-mismatched wake-up stroke patients are comparable to those of acute ischemic stroke within the time window.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1832-1839, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929456

ABSTRACT

Five new megastigmanes (1-5) were isolated from a decoction of Uncaria rhynchophylla by separation techniques of column chromatography using a combination of multiple stationary phases, including macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and Toyopearl HW-40F, and reversed phase HPLC. Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESI-MS, NMR, and CD, in combination with Mosher's mothed as well as ECD and NMR calculations. The new compounds were named uncarphyllonone A (1), uncarphyllonols A (2) and B (3), and uncarphabscisic acids A (4) and B (5). Although the structures of 3 and 4 were previously reported, the reported NMR spectroscopic data were incorrect or do not support the assigned structures in literatures. This is also the first report of discovery of new megastigmane natural products from the Uncaria genus.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of gene sequencing and proteomics of apheresis platelet (AP) exosomes in different storage periods and predict the function of AP exosomes in different storage periods.@*METHODS@#Platelets at different storage periods of 0 day (D0), 3 day (D3) and 5 day (D5) were collected, exosomes were extracted with Gradient centrifugation; gene sequencing and proteomic analysis were used to analyze the exosomes, and biological functions of platelet exosomes were analyzed and predicted by bioinformatics. Liquid mass spectrometry (LMS) was used to detect the changes and function prediction of exosomes proteins. The small RNA sequencing library was prepared, and the constructed library was sequenced and bioinformatics technology was used for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#AP exosome iTRAQ protein analysis showed that AP exosomes stored in D3 with 55 up-regulated proteins and 94 down-regulated proteins (P<0.05, FC<0.83 or FC>1.2), while AP exosomes stored in D5 with 292 up-regulated proteins and 53 down-regulated proteins (P<0.05, FC<0.83 or FC>1.2) as compared with D0. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the proteins were mainly involved in transport and metabolism, immune system, cancer, membrane transport and other processes. There were statistically significant differences between AP exosome miRNAs in different storage days (P<0.01). The number of miRNA up-regulated and down-regulated was 374 and 255 as compared with the number of platelet exosomes miRNA stored in D3 and D0, while that was 297 and 242 in D5 and D0, and 252 and 327 in D5 and D3, respectively. The target genes of differential platelet exosome miRNAs were analyzed by GO enrichment. Target genes of differential miRNA were mainly involved in membrane composition, mainly played molecular functions binding to proteins, and participated in biological processes of transcriptional regulation.@*CONCLUSION@#The exosome differential proteins and miRNAs in D5 are significantly different from those in the D0 of APs, and they are involved in various biological processes.


Subject(s)
Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proteomics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and summarize ABO and Rh(D) blood group distribution and related indicators of COVID-19 patients, and understand the relationship between blood group and disease course of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang.@*METHODS@#A total of 831 patients with confirmed or asymptomatic COVID-19 infection treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from July 2020 to August 2020 were enrolled as study group, and 2 778 healthy people in a third Grade A hospital in the region during the same period were selected as control group. ABO and Rh(D) blood group antigens were identified, and relevant medical data were collected for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of O-type population and Rh(D) positive population in the study group was 24.79% and 96.27%, which were lower than those in the normal control group (29.73% and 97.73%) (P<0.05). The proportion of AB type and Rh(D) negative population was 14.20% and 3.73%, which was higher than that in control group (10.62% and 2.27%) (P<0.05). The proportion of female patients in Type O group was lower than that in control group. The proportion of female patients in AB group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01), while the proportion of type O patients in the age group less than or equal to 45 years old and greater than 60 years old was lower. Different blood groups of Uygur population showed their own characteristics in different sex, but there was no statistical significance due to the limited sample (P>0.05). Moreover, the course of disease and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 patients were different among different blood groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that the blood type distribution of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang has its own characteristics, and the blood type is related to the course and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19. In the future, the data can be widely included in people from different ethnic groups and different regions to improve relevant studies.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , COVID-19 , Ethnicity , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of gene mutation and overexpression in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow cells from 208 NDMM patients were collected and analyzed. The gene mutation of 28 genes and overexpression of 6 genes was detected by DNA sequencing. Chromosome structure abnormalities were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#Gene mutations were detected in 61 (29.33%) NDMM patients. Some mutations occurred in 5 or more cases, such as NRAS, PRDM1, FAM46C, MYC, CCND1, LTB, DIS3, KRAS, and CRBN. Overexpression of six genes (CCND1, CCND3, BCL-2, CCND2, FGFR3, and MYC) were detected in 83 (39.9%) patients, and cell cycle regulation gene was the most common. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) changes were detected in 169 (81.25%) patients, the TP53 P72R gene SNP (70.17%) was the most common. Abnormality in chromosome structure was correlated to gene overexpression. Compared to the patients with normal chromosome structure, patients with 14q32 deletion showed higher proportion of CCND1 overexpression. Similarly, patients with 13q14 deletion showed higher proportion of FGFR3 overexpression, whereas patients with 1q21 amplification showed higher proportion of CCND2, BCL-2 and FGFR3 overexpression.@*CONCLUSION@#There are multiple gene mutations and overexpression in NDMM. However, there is no dominated single mutation or overexpression of genes. The most common gene mutations are those in the RAS/MAPK pathway and the genes of cyclin family CCND are overexpression.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Mutation
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical phenotype and genetic features of 16p11.2 microdeletion-related epilepsy in children.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 200 children with epilepsy who underwent a genetic analysis of epilepsy by the whole exon sequencing technology were collected retrospectively, of whom 9 children with epilepsy had 16p11.2 microdeletion. The clinical phenotype and genetic features of the 9 children with 16p11.2 microdeletion were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of 16p11.2 microdeletion was 4.5% (9/200). The 9 children with 16p11.2 microdeletion were 3-10 months old. They experienced focal motor seizures with consciousness disturbance, and some of the seizures developed into generalized tonic-clonic seizures. The interictal electroencephalogram showed focal or multifocal epileptiform discharge, and all 9 children responded well to antiepileptic drugs. The 9 children had a 16p11.2 deletion fragment size of 398-906 kb, and the number of deleted genes was 23-33 which were all pathogenic mutations. The mutation was of maternal origin in 2 children, of paternal origin in 1 child, and de novo in the other children.@*CONCLUSIONS@#16p11.2 microdeletion can be detected in some children with epilepsy. Most of the 16p11.2 microdeletion is de novo mutation and large gene fragment deletion. The onset of 16p11.2 microdeletion-related epilepsy in children is mostly within 1 year of life, and the epilepsy is drug-responsive.


Subject(s)
Anticonvulsants , Epilepsy/genetics , Humans , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of RUNX2 gene overexpression vector modified exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) combined with calcium carbonate scaffold system in bone defect.@*METHODS@#Rabbit BMSCs were used as the research object, and BMSCs were identified by flow cytometry. Construct RUNX2 gene overexpression vector, transfect BMSCs with lentivirus, and collect exosomes by ultracentrifugation. The morphology of exosomes was observed by transmission electron microscope, the expression of exosome marker CD63 was detected by Western blot, and the calcium carbonate scaffold was constructed by three chamber parallel automatic temperature control reaction system. According to whether the RUNX2 gene overexpression vector was transfected or not, the complex of BMSCs and calcium carbonate scaffold was divided into three groups, namely BMSCs group, RUNX2 overexpression group and exosome group. The osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was detected by oil red O staining and RT-PCR. There were 9 clean adult healthy male New Zealand white rabbits, aged (12.97±1.21) months, with a body weight of (19.3±3.6) kg, with 3 rabbits in each group. The animal model of skull defect was constructed by surgical method, and the repair of bone defect was evaluated by imaging, he staining and Masson staining.@*RESULTS@#The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression of CD29 protein, CD44 protein, CD11b protein and CD45 protein on the surface of BMSCs were 99.5%, 100%, 0.1% and 0.1%, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the exosomes were bilayer vesicles with a diameter of 50 to 150 nm. Western blot showed that the molecular marker CD63 of exosomes was positive. Oil red O staining showed that the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group. The results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and ALP mRNA in BMSCs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group (P<0.05). The imaging results showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group. HE staining and Masson staining showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group (P<0.05). MSCs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group. The results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and ALP mRNA in BMSCs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group(P<0.05). The imaging results showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group. HE staining and Masson staining showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with RUNX2 gene overexpression vector transfection, extraction of exosomes directly can promote the differentiation of BMSCs into osteoblasts more efficiently, and the combination with calcium carbonate scaffold can better promote the healing of bone defects. So as to provide new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Carbonate/metabolism , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Humans , Male , Osteogenesis/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rabbits
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 506-517, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927724

ABSTRACT

Microbial induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) refers to the natural biological process of calcium carbonate precipitation induced by microbial metabolism in its surrounding environment. Based on the principles of MICP, microbial cement has been developed and has received widespread attention in the field of biology, civil engineering, and environment owing to the merits of environmental friendliness and economic competence. Urease and carbonic anhydrase are the key enzymes closely related to microbial cement. This review summarizes the genes, protein structures, regulatory mechanisms, engineering strains and mutual synergistic relationship of these two enzymes. The application of bioinformatics and synthetic biology is expected to develop biocement with a wide range of environmental adaptability and high performance, and will bring the MICP research to a new height.


Subject(s)
Calcium Carbonate/metabolism , Chemical Precipitation , Urease/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL