Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 80
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the gastroscopy treatment technology in a Children′s Medical Center based on the diagnosis-related groups(DRG) and put forward suggestions for resource optimization.Methods:The data of the front pages of medical records of 22 medical institutions in a Children′s Medical Center in 2018 were divided into DRG groups. The patients in gastroscope treatment operation group(GK3)were selected, and the disease diagnosis, operation and payment methods of the patients in this group were analyzed.Results:Of the 22 medical institutions, 16 had GK3 group cases, and the number of cases was significantly different, ranging from 2 to 917. Among them, the institution with code M was characterized by multiple endoscopic treatment of esophageal stricture, but most other institutions rarely carried out the treatment of esophageal stricture. In GK3 group, the main payment method of children in Institution M with the highest constituent ratio was at one′s own expense, followed by non-local medical insurance. The main payment type of O and P institutions with the second and third constituent ratio was local medical insurance.Conclusions:The gap of the technology of gastroscopy in the treatment of esophageal stricture is large in all institutions. The high-quality medical resources can be sunk through the construction of pediatric medical alliance, and the gap between the regional medical technology can be continuously leveled.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 141-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of wound pathogenic microorganisms in outpatients of wound healing center so as to provide a basis for the standardized construction of wound healing centers.Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyzed the data of 365 outpatients treated at Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2017 to October 2019. There were 220 males and 145 females, aged (58.8±18.9)years (range, 18-98 years). The patients included 92 first-visit patients and 273 re-visit patients. The culture results (positive rate of pathogenic microorganisms, bacterial species, bacterial distribution) and drug sensitivity results of the wound secretions were compared and analyzed.Results:(1) Among 365 samples of wound secretions, 198 patients were positive for pathogenic microorganisms with a positive rate of 54.3%. A total of 107 strains (51.0%) of Gram-positive bacteria were detected, mainly Staphylococcus aureus (70 strains, 33.3%); 95 strains (45.2%) of Gram-negative bacteria were detected, mainly Escherichia coli (20 strains, 9.5%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (17 strains, 8.1%); 8 strains (3.8%) of fungi were detected. (2) A total of 26 (28.3%) first-visit patients were positive for pathogenic microorganisms, and 172 (63.0%) re-visit patients were positive for pathogenic microorganisms. The rate of positive microorganism detection had significant differences between first-visit and re-visit patients ( P<0.05). (3) A total of 29 strains were detected in first-visit patients, including 16 strains (55.2%) of Gram-positive bacteria, 11 strains (37.9%) of Gram-negative bacteria and 2 strains (6.9%) of fungi. A total of 181 strains were detected in re-visit patients, including 91 strains (50.3%) of Gram-positive bacteria, 84 strains (46.4%) of Gram-negative bacteria and 6 strains (3.3%) of fungi. The microbial distribution was significantly different between first-visit and re-visit patients ( P<0.05). (4) Compared with first-visit patients, the resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the re-visit patients to spenicillin, oxacillin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, clindamycin, moxifloxacin, erythromycin, and levofloxacin were increased variably. No vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was detected, indicating that the staphylococcus aureus presented in the wound was highly sensitive to vancomycin. Conclusions:Staphylococcus aureus is the most common microorganism in wound secretions in outpatients of wound healing center. The rate of positive pathogenic microorganisms in wound secretions of re-visit patients is significantly higher than that of first-visit patients, and the distribution of pathogenic microorganisms of first-visited and revisited patients differs significantly. The Staphylococcus aureus detected in re-visit patients has a higher resistance to common antibiotics compared with first-visit patients. It is suggested that timely detection of pathogenic microorganisms in outpatients and effective control and supervision of outpatient infections are important contents that cannot be ignored in the construction of wound healing center.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of electroacupuncture assisted with facial expression muscle control rehabilitation training in the treatment of patients with severe idiopathic facial paralysis.Methods:A total of 130 patients with severe idiopathic facial paralysis who met inclusion criterion were chosen and randomly divided into 2 groups, 65 patients in each, from January 2017 to December 2019 in our hospital. The control group were treated with facial expression muscle control rehabilitation training and western medicine, and the experiment group with electroacupuncture on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks and followed up for 6 months. The facial nerve function was evaluated by H-B scale and facial nerve sunny brook scale the quality of daily life was evaluated by Facial Disability Index Physical Function (FDIP) scale and Facial Disability Index Social Function (FDIS) scale. The latency/M wave amplitude of motor evoked action on orbicularis oculi muscle and orbicularis ORIS muscle were measured by EMG evoked potential instrument. The occurrence of hemifacial spasm during follow-up was recorded. The clinical effective rates were evaluated.Results:The total effective rate of experiment group was 92.31% (60/65), which was significantly higher than that of the control group 76.9% (50/65) ( χ2=6.495, P=0.039). The H-B scale scores of experiment group after treatment were significantly less than that of the control group ( t=3.438, P<0.01). The facial nerve sunny brook scale scores of experiment group after treatment were significantly more than that of the control group ( t=2.674, P=0.032). The FDIP scores of experiment group after treatment were significantly less than that of the control group ( t=3.986, P<0.01). The FDIS scores of experiment group after treatment were significantly more than that of the control group ( t=4.621, P<0.01). The NCV latency of orbicularis oculi muscle [(2.51 ± 0.27) ms vs. (2.82 ± 0.46) ms, t=4.258] and orbicularis oris muscle [(2.97 ± 0.22) ms vs. (3.35 ± 0.40) ms, t=4.783] of observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). The M wave amplitudes of orbicularis oculi muscle [(1.83 ± 0.45) mV vs. (1.30 ± 0.39) mV, t=3.827] and orbicularis oris muscle [(2.58 ± 0.60) mV vs. (1.97 ± 0.36) mV, t=4.017] of observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01). The incidence of facial spasm with follow-up of experiment group for 4.62% (3/65) was significantly lower than that of the control group for 15.38% (10/65) ( χ2=9.271, P=0.033). Conclusion:Electroacupuncture assisted with facial expression muscle control rehabilitation training in the treatment of patients with severe idiopathic facial paralysis can relieve clinical symptoms, improve facial nerve function, improve the quality of daily life and be helpful to reduce the facial spasm risk.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore immune cell reconstitution after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT)by using mathematical function models.Methods:From June 2011 to May 2015, 65 patients with malignant hematological disorders were retrospectively analyzed. Immune cell frequencies and absolute counts were detected at day 14/28/42 and month 2/3/6/9/12/18/24 post-allo-HSCT. The immune cells included CD3 + T, CD4 + helper T, CD8 + effector T, regulatory T, CD19 + B, CD3 -CD56 + NK and CD3 + CD56 + NKT. Kinetic curve models and mathematical equations were established by utilizing curve model estimation. Results:Cubic curve models were observed for the changes of immune cell frequencies. Except for CD3 + T, CD8 + T and NK cells, the changes of absolute counts of immune cells conformed to cubic curve models. The reconstructed kinetic models of CD8 + T and NK cells after allo-HSCT were associated with relapse. Conclusions:Immune cell reconstitution after allo-HSCT conforms to certain mathematical function curve models. It may provide a new strategy for in-depth studies of immune reconstitution after allo-HSCT.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the incidence rates, clinical features, risk factors and its impacts on survival of central nervous system complications (CNSC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:From June 2011 to October 2018, 237 consecutive patients undergoing allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The incidence of CNSC was 10.5%(25/237) and the median time 82(-4 - 810) days post-transplantation. The most common instances of CNSC were drug-associated encephalopathy (n=6), CNS infection (n=5), unexplained convulsions (n=4), metabolic encephalopathy (n=3), immune-related encephalopathy (n=3), primary central relapse (n=3) and cerebrovasculopathy (n=1). The most common clinical symptom was epileptic seizure (n=11). CsA-related encephalopathy was manifested mainly as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome on brain MRI. Metabolic encephalopathy is mostly demyelination. Most hippocampal lesions were caused by immune-related encephalopathy or CNS infection. Analysis of risk factors indicated that umbilical cord blood transplantation, HLA incompatible transplantation and delayed platelet implantation were high risk factors for post-transplantation occurrence of CNSC. Survival analysis suggested that non-relapse mortality rate (42.9%, 9/21) in group with CNSC of malignant hemoblastosis was higher than that in group without CNSC (15.3%, 27/176) and inter-group difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.511, P=0.005). The 1/3-year OS rates in group with CNSC were lower than those in group without CNSC (56.6% vs 77.8%; 37.1% vs 65.7%). And the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.022). Conclusions:With a complex etiology, CNSC is one of serious complications after allo-HSCT and it significantly reduces the overall survival rate of patients. Umbilical cord blood transplantation, HLA incompatible transplantation and delayed platelet implantation are high-risk groups for CNSC.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the pharmacokinetics of the broad-spectrum antifungal drug butenafine nanomicelles (BTF-NM) after topical instillation.Methods:The self-assembly method was used to prepare BTF-NM.The particle size, Zeta potential, and polydispersity index (PDI) of BTF-NM were measured by a nano-particle size-Zeta potential analyzer, and the encapsulation efficiency was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Forty-two healthy New Zealand white rabbits without eye disease were randomly divided into the BTF-NM group and the BTF suspension (BTF-S) group.The corresponding drugs were instilled in the conjunctival sac with a single instillation of 50 μl.The 7.5 mm filter paper was placed in the conjunctival sac of rabbit eye for 1 minute at 5, 15, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240 minutes after the administration.Then the rabbits were sacrificed by intravenous injection of 4% sodium pentobarbital solution through the ears of the rabbits.The aqueous humor was extracted and the corneal tissue was dissected.The drug concentration of BTF in different tissues was measured by HPLC.The study was approved by the Life Science Ethics Review Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (No.HNEECA-2019-01).Results:The particle size and PDI of BTF-NM were (15.65±0.04)nm and 0.11±0.01, respectively, the Zeta potential was (-0.29±0.36)mV, the encapsulation rate was (98.38±0.29)%.The peak time of the drug both in tears and corneal tissues after BTF-NM application was 5 minutes.The peak concentrations of the drug in tears and corneas of the BTF-NM group were (485.21±66.29) μg/g and (12.53±2.32) μg/g, which were 5.6 and 78 times than that of the BTF-S group, respectively.Within the observation time, the mass fractions of the drug in tears and corneas of the BTF-NM group at each time point were significantly higher than those of BTF-S group at corresponding time points (all at P<0.01), respectively.The area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) 0-240 minutes in tears and corneas of the BTF-NM group was 7 488.90 (μg/g)·minute and 829.01 (μg/g)·minute, which was 7.2 and 52 times than that of the BTF-S group, respectively.No drugs were detected in the aqueous humor of the BTF-NM group and the BTF-S group. Conclusions:BTF-NM is an ideal agent with a simple preparing process, high drug encapsulation efficiency and small particle size.Compared with BTF suspension, BTF-NM can significantly improve the bioavailability of BTF in rabbit corneas.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of combination of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and mirror therapy (MT) on upper limb motor function after stroke. Methods:From April, 2018 to March, 2019, 78 stroke inpatients were randomly assigned into tDCS group (n = 26), MT group (n = 26) and combined group (n = 26). All the patients received their related therapy, respectively, based on routine medicine and rehabilitation. Their motor-evoked potential cortical latency (CL) and central motor conduction time (CMCT) in affected brain area were measured before and four weeks after treatment, while they were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) and modified Barthel Index (MBI). Results:All CL, CMCT, and the scores of FMA-UE and MBI improved significantly in all the groups after treatment (|t| > 2.609,P < 0.05), and improved more in the combined group than in both tDCS group and MT group (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Both tDCS and MT could improve excitability of cerebral cortex of the affected brain area and promote the recovery of upper limb motor function for patient after stroke, and it is more effective in combination mode.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803605

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current situation of risk assessment of neonatal pressure injury (PI) and using of the assessment scale from 8 hospitals in Zhejiang Province,providing reference for further improvement of the scale.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was used to investigate 184 nurses in the department of neonatal intensive care unit admitted to 8 hospitals in Zhejiang Province by using a self-made questionnaire.@*Results@#Three of the eight hospitals did not use scale for neonatal PI assessment routinely. Of the remaining five hospitals, three hospitals used Neonatal Skin Risk Assessment Scale (NSRAS), one hospital used Braden Q Pediatric Skin Risk Assessment Scale (Pediatric Braden Q Scale) and one hospital used Neonatal/Infant Braden Q scale (Neonatal/Infant Braden Q Scale). 129 nurses from 5 hospitals evaluated the scales routinely used by the department.Nearly 93.80% (121/129) of the nurses thought the scales were easy to understand, 76.74% (99/129) of the nurses thought the scales were easy to measure, 76.74% (99/129) of the nurses thought the scales were good at predicting, 75.19% (97/129) of the nurses thought the scales were suitable for newborns, 37.21% (48/129) of the nurses thought the scales did not adequately assess the severity of the condition, 34.11% (44/129) of the nurses thought the scales did not adequately assess the medical device factors, 24.81% (32/129) of the nurses thought the scales scores were not clearly defined.@*Conclusion@#The use of risk assessment scale for neonatal PI has not been unified yet, and the three scales need to be improved. The department should pay attention to the risk assessment of newborn PI and strengthen the awareness of PI prevention.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To intensively study the chemical constituents from the seed cake of Camellia oleifera and its pharmacological activities,in order to provide scientific basic for its further development and utilization. Method: All kinds of column chromatography and spectral methods were employed to isolate and identify the monomeric compounds from its ethyl acetate portion of ethanol extract. The in vitro anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated by LPS-induced inflammatory model in RAW264.7 macrophages. Result: Eight phenolic acids and two flavonoids were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble portion and identified as p-hydroxybenzoic acid(1),protocatechuic acid(2),gallic acid(3),methyl gallate(4),ethyl gallate(5),isovanillic acid(6),ethyl 3,4-dihydroxylbenzoate(7),2-(3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl)-1,3-benzodioxole-5-aldehyde(8),quercetin(9),rutoside(10). Among them, compounds 4-8 were first isolated from this plant. These compounds had good anti-inflammatory activities against NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages in an obvious dose-dependent manner. Among them, compound 8 showed a strongest activity. Conclusion: The above results show that the phenolic acids and flavonoids from seed cake of C. oleifera have good prospects for the development and application of anti-inflammatory drugs.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on the effect of Inula cappa extract on the activities of six cytochrome P450(CYP450) enzymes in rats by Cocktail probe method. Method:Rats in the I. cappa high and low dose groups were given oral administration of active fractions of I. cappa at a dose of 8.127,2.709 g·kg-1·d-1 of the material for 7,14 d,repectively.Probe drugs(caffeine,midazolam,tolbutamide,omeprazole,metoprolol,chlorzoxazone) were simultaneously injected to rats after administration.Plasma was collected at different time after the administration of probe drugs.The plasma concentrations of these six probes were measured by UPLC-MS and their corresponding pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated with DAS 2.0. Result:Compared with the control group,only the apparent volume of distribution(V) of midazolam was increased;area under the curve(AUC0-t and AUC0-∞)and half-life period(T1/2) of caffeine,midazolam,tolbutamide and omeprazole were increased and the clearance rate(CL) of them was decreased in rats of I. cappa groups.But there were no differences in pharmacokinetic parameters of chlorzoxazone and metoprolol. Conclusion:I. cappa can reduce the enzymatic activities of CYP3A,CYP1A2,CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 in rats at different degree,among which CYP3A is the strongest.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 645-654, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797816

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate whether adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) from allogeneic diabetic rats can promote wound healing in diabetic rats or not and the mechanism.@*Methods@#(1) Fifty-six male Wistar rats aged 12-16 weeks were divided into diabetic group and healthy group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 28 rats in each group. Rats in healthy group were not treated with any treatment. Rats in diabetic group were injected with 10 g/L streptozotocin 60 mg/kg intraperitoneally in one time to establish the diabetic model. Four rats in diabetic group and 4 rats in healthy group were selected according to the random number table, and the adipose tissue in the inguinal region was taken to culture and purify ASCs, so as to obtain healthy rat-derived ASCs (hereinafter referred to as nASCs) and diabetic rat-derived ASCs (hereinafter referred to as dASCs). The third passage of nASCs (n=3) and dASCs (n=3) were taken, and the positive expression rates of cell surface differentiation antigens CD105, CD31, CD34, and CD44 were detected with flow cytometer for defining ASCs purity. (2) The rest 24 rats in healthy group and 24 rats in diabetic group were used to make three round full-thickness skin defect wounds with a diameter of 12 mm on the back of each rat. Immediately after injury, phosphate buffer saline (PBS), nASCs of 2×107/mL, and dASCs of 2×107/mL each in the volume of 0.5 mL were subcutaneously injected into three wounds and their margins of each rat, respectively. On post injury day (PID) 1, 3, 7, and 12, 6 rats in each group were selected according to the random number table to calculate the wound area, and the wound tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin to observe the histological morphology of the wound. (3) Human ASCs (hASCs) were subcultured, and the 4th to 7th passage of cells were used for the subsequent experiments. The hASCs were divided into 7 groups, with 12 samples in each group. Cells in blank control group were cultured with mesenchymal stem cell culture medium, and cells in simple advanced glycation end products (AGEs) group, simple protein group, simple high glucose group, simple high osmotic pressure group, AGEs-high glucose combination group, and protein-high osmotic pressure combination group were cultured with mesenchymal stem cell culture medium containing a final mass concentration of 100 mg/L AGEs, 100 mg/L bovine serum albumin (BSA), 28 mmol/L D-glucose, 28 mmol/L mannitol, 100 mg/L AGEs+ 28 mmol/L D-glucose, 100 mg/L BSA+ 28 mmol/L mannitol, respectively. Cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit 8 at post culture hour (PCH) 2 and on post culture day (PCD) 2, 4 and 6. (4) The hASCs were divided into blank control group, simple AGE group, simple high glucose group, and AGE-high glucose combination group, with 12 samples in each group, which were treated the same as corresponding groups in experiment (3). On PCD 0, 2, 4, and 6, the positive expression rates of cell surface differentiation antigens CD105, CD44, and CD45 were detected by flow cytometer to estimate their homeostasis. (5) The hASCs were divided into AGE-high glucose combination group and protein-high osmotic pressure combination group, with 9 samples in each group, which were treated the same as corresponding groups in experiment (3). On PCD 2, 4, and 6, the expression of intracellular protein was detected by cyanine 3-streptavidin double-antibody sandwich technique. Data were processed with analysis of variance for factorial design, least significant difference test, and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#(1) The positive expression rates of CD44 in nASCs and dASCs were both higher than 96%, the positive expression rates of CD31 and CD34 were low, and the positive expression rates of CD105 were about 40%, which basically met the purity requirements. (2) The areas of wounds treated by three methods in rats of healthy group and diabetic group were similar on PID 1 (P>0.05). In healthy group, compared with (0.682 1±0.078 9), (0.314 3±0.113 7), and (0.064 3±0.002 1) cm2 of the PBS-treated wounds in rats, the area of nASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3, 7, and 12 [(0.464 1±0.092 6), (0.223 9±0.072 7), and (0.034 3±0.012 5) cm2, P<0.05], the area of dASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3 and 12 [(0.514 1±0.124 1) and (0.043 7±0.032 8) cm2, P<0.05] but was not obviously changed on PID 7 [(0.274 2±0.062 5) cm2, P>0.05]. Compared with those of the dASCs-treated wounds of rats within the same group, the area of the nASCs-treated wounds of rats in healthy group decreased significantly on PID 3 and 7 (P<0.05) but was not obviously changed on PID 12 (P>0.05). In diabetic group, compared with (0.853 5±0.204 8), (0.670 5±0.164 8), and (0.131 4±0.074 4) cm2 of the PBS-treated wounds in rats, the area of nASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3, 7, and 12 [(0.633 4±0.132 5), (0.331 8±0.023 5), and (0.074 2±0.003 8) cm2, P<0.05], the area of dASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3 [(0.773 6±0.182 2) cm2, P<0.05] but was not obviously changed on PID 7 and 12 [(0.510 6±0.192 2) and (0.114 4±0.003 1) cm2, P>0.05]. Compared with the dASCs-treated wounds of rats within the same group, the area of the nASCs-treated wounds of rats in diabetic group was not obviously changed on PID 3 and 7 (P>0.05) but decreased significantly on PID 12 (P<0.05). There was no obvious difference in histological morphology of the wounds treated with three methods in rats of each group on PID 1. On PID 3, a small amount of microvessels were formed in the wounds treated with nASCs and dASCs of rats in both groups, but microvessel formation was almost undetected in the PBS-treated wounds. On PID 7, more small blood vessels and fibroblasts (Fbs) were observed in the wounds treated with nASCs and dASCs of rats in both groups, but the small blood vessels and Fbs were slightly less in the PBS-treated wounds. On PID 12, the wounds treated with nASCs and dASCs of rats in the two groups were covered by epithelial tissue, the granulation tissue in the PBS-treated wounds of rats in healthy group was not obvious, and the PBS-treated wounds of rats in diabetic group were not completely epithelialized. (3) Compared with those of blank control group, the cell number of hASCs in simple AGEs group decreased significantly on PCD 2, 4, and 6 (P<0.05), which increased significantly on PCD 2 and 4 in simple high glucose group (P<0.05), and that in AGEs-high glucose combination group decreased significantly on PCD 4 and 6 (P<0.05). (4) Compared with that on PCD 4 within the same group, the positive expression rate of CD105 in hASCs decreased significantly in blank control group, simple AGEs group, and AGEs-high glucose combination group on PCD 6 (P<0.05). The positive expression rate of CD44 was higher than 95%, and that of CD45 was less than 2% in hASCs of each group at each time point. (5) Detection values of 7 proteins were located in the confidence interval. The expression levels of basic fibroblast growth factor and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group and protein-high osmotic pressure combination group showed increasing trend with the prolongation of culture time. The expression level of human monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group showed increasing trend with the prolongation of culture time, while the expression level of growth-regulated oncogene (GRO) on PCD 6 was significantly higher than that on PCD 4 within the same group (P<0.05); the expression levels of MCP-1 and GRO in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group showed decreasing trend with the prolongation of culture time. The expression level of follistatin in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group decreased obviously on PCD 4, while that in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group was significantly lower on PCD 6 than that on PCD 4 (P<0.05). The expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group decreased gradually with the prolongation of culture time, while that in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group on PCD 4 decreased significantly as compared with that on PCD 2 (P<0.05). The expression level of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group on PCD 6 was significantly higher than that on PCD 4 within the same group (P<0.05) and that of AGEs-high glucose combination group on PCD 6 (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Both nASCs and dASCs can promote wound healing in rats with simple defect injury, but dASCs have no significant effect on wound healing in rats with diabetes mellitus, which may be related to the inhibition of ASCs proliferation and the influence of high glucose and AGEs intervention on their homeostasis and secretory function.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823781

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current situation of risk assessment of neonatal pressure injury (PI) and using of the assessment scale from 8 hospitals in Zhejiang Province,providing reference for further improvement of the scale. Methods A cross-sectional study was used to investigate 184 nurses in the department of neonatal intensive care unit admitted to 8 hospitals in Zhejiang Province by using a self-made questionnaire. Results Three of the eight hospitals did not use scale for neonatal PI assessment routinely. Of the remaining five hospitals, three hospitals used Neonatal Skin Risk Assessment Scale (NSRAS), one hospital used Braden Q Pediatric Skin Risk Assessment Scale (Pediatric Braden Q Scale) and one hospital used Neonatal/Infant Braden Q scale (Neonatal/Infant Braden Q Scale). 129 nurses from 5 hospitals evaluated the scales routinely used by the department.Nearly 93.80% (121/129) of the nurses thought the scales were easy to understand, 76.74% (99/129) of the nurses thought the scales were easy to measure, 76.74% (99/129) of the nurses thought the scales were good at predicting, 75.19% (97/129) of the nurses thought the scales were suitable for newborns, 37.21%(48/129)of the nurses thought the scales did not adequately assess the severity of the condition, 34.11%(44/129)of the nurses thought the scales did not adequately assess the medical device factors, 24.81% (32/129) of the nurses thought the scales scores were not clearly defined. Conclusion The use of risk assessment scale for neonatal PI has not been unified yet, and the three scales need to be improved. The department should pay attention to the risk assessment of newborn PI and strengthen the awareness of PI prevention.

13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 96-101, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806081

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of denatured collagen type Ⅰ on differentiation of human fibroblasts into myofibroblasts.@*Methods@#A small amount of normal skin donated by burn patients undergoing scar surgery was collected. Human fibroblasts were obtained by method of explant culture and then sub-cultured. The fourth passage of cells were used in the following experiments. (1) Fibroblasts were divided into normal collagen group and denatured collagen group according to the random number table, with 10 wells in each group. Fibroblasts in normal collagen group were cultured on normal collagen type Ⅰ coated coverslips. Fibroblasts in denatured collagen group were cultured on denatured type Ⅰ collagen coated coverslips. Expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected by immunohistochemical method, and the percentage of PCNA positive cells was calculated. (2) Another batch of fibroblasts were grouped and treated as in (1), with 12 wells in each group. Proliferation activity of cells was determined with methyl-thiazolyl-tetrazolium colorimetry method. (3) Another batch of fibroblasts were grouped and treated as in (1), and the microfilament morphology of cells was observed by rhodamine-phalloidin staining. (4) Another batch of fibroblasts were grouped and treated as in (1). Expression of α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) of cells was detected by immunohistochemical method, and expression of OB-cadherin of cells was detected by immunofluorescence method. (5) Another batch of fibroblasts were divided into normal collagen, denatured collagen, and common coverslips groups according to the random number table, with 6 wells in each group. Fibroblasts in normal collagen and denatured collagen groups were treated as in (1), while fibroblasts in common coverslips group were cultured on coverslips without collagen coating. Expressions of α-SMA and OB-cadherin of cells were determined with Western blotting. (6) Another batch of fibroblasts were grouped and treated as in (5), and then the mRNA expressions of collagen type Ⅰ, collagen type Ⅲ, and α-SMA of cells were determined with real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Data were processed with t test, one way analysis of variance, and least-significant difference test.@*Results@#(1) The percentage of PCNA positive cells in denatured collagen group was (83±9)%, significantly higher than (29±9)% in normal collagen group (t=13.53, P<0.01). (2) The proliferation activity of fibroblasts in denatured collagen group was 0.32±0.06, significantly higher than 0.25±0.05 in normal collagen group (t=3.06, P<0.01). (3) The microfilament of fibroblasts in normal collagen group was arranged vertically and in parallel way, paralleling the long axis of cells. The microfilament of fibroblasts in denatured collagen group was denser and thicker. (4) Most fibroblasts in normal collagen group showed long shuttle-like shape typically. Morphology of fibroblasts in denatured collagen group changed, and cells were obviously spreading. Expressions of α-SMA and OB-cadherin of fibroblasts in denatured collagen group were stronger than those in normal collagen group. (5) Expressions of α-SMA of fibroblasts in denatured collagen, normal collagen, and common coverslips groups were respectively 1.69±0.41, 0.89±0.27, and 1.46±0.42. Expression of α-SMA of fibroblasts in denatured collagen group was significantly higher than that in normal collagen group (P<0.01). Expressions of OB-cadherin of fibroblasts in denatured collagen, normal collagen, and common coverslips groups were respectively 5.17±0.28, 2.21±0.10, and 4.01±0.56. Expression of OB-cadherin of fibroblasts in denatured group was significantly higher than that in normal collagen group (P<0.01). (6) There was no significant difference in mRNA expression of collagen type Ⅰ of fibroblasts in denatured collagen, normal collagen, and common coverslips groups (F=2.71, P>0.05). The mRNA expressions of collagen type Ⅲ and α-SMA of fibroblasts in normal collagen group were significantly lower than those in denatured collagen group (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Denatured collagen type Ⅰ may influence the activity of fibroblasts, thus inducing fibroblasts differentiating into myofibroblasts.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689883

ABSTRACT

The cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model was established to investigate the anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis mechanism of Xinshao formula on the cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. SD rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham operation group, model group, and low, middle and high-dose Xinshao formula groups (0.31, 0.62, 1.25 g·kg⁻¹). After administration with Xinshao formula for 7 days, the rats were used to establish the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model. The neurological behavior was evaluated. TTC staining was implemented to determine the volume of cerebral infarction. The levels of ROS, SOD, GSH-PX, NO and iNOS in serum were examined, and the mRNA and protein levels of Bcl-2, Bax and caspase 3 in hippocampal CA1 were detected by qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical assay and Western blot. It is found that Xinshao formula could significantly reduce the symptoms of nervous function and the volume of cerebral infarction in MACO rats. Compared with model group, the rats in Xinshao formula group showed increases in the activities of SOD and GSH-PX (<0.01), and decreases in the activities of iNOS and the contents of NO, ROS and MDA (<0.01). In addition, Xinshao formula could down-regulate the mRNA and protein levels of Bax and caspase 3 (<0.01), and up-regulated those of Bcl-2 (<0.01) in MACO rats. In conclusion, Xinshao formula showed aprotective effect on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injuryin rats, which may be associated with the promotion of anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis.

15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 340-344, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689753

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the clinical effect of low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) on Peyronie's disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From October 2016 to December 2017, we treated 32 cases of Peyronie's disease by LI-ESWT, with the therapeutic index of 0.09 mJ/mm2 and a pulse frequency of 120 beats/min. Each plaque was approached from two angles, each angle with a shockwave output of 900 times, and the larger ones from three points, each with an output of 600 times in addition to 300 times from the distal and proximal ends of the plaque, respectively. All the patients received 12 courses of treatment (2 courses a week) with a break of 3 weeks between the 1st and 2nd 6 courses. Then we observed the plague size and penile curvature of the patients, obtained their scores on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and International Index of Erectile Function 5 (IIEF-5), and recorded their adverse reactions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The plagues were softened or diminished in different degrees in 9 of the 32 cases and erectile pain was alleviated in 15 cases after treatment. Penile curvature at erection, however, showed no significant improvement. The IIEF-5 scores were increased in 18 of the patients complicated with varied degrees of erectile dysfunction after LI-ESWT. No obvious complications were observed in any of the patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy has a certain effect on Peyronie's disease by relieving plague-induced pain and improving the patient's penile erection and quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Erectile Dysfunction , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Methods , Humans , Lithotripsy , Male , Pain Management , Penile Erection , Penile Induration , Pathology , Therapeutics , Penis , Pathology , Quality of Life , Therapeutic Index , Treatment Outcome , Visual Analog Scale
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 529-532, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689696

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To make a preliminary investigation on the safety and efficacy of focused low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We treated 32 ED patients by focused LI-ESWT with the device of Medispec's ED1000. Before and at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment, we evaluated the erectile function of the patients using the International Index of Erectile Function-erectile function domain (IIEF-EF), Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Sexual Encounter Profile questions 2 and 3 (SEP2 and SEP3), and Global Assessment Questionnaire questions 1 and 2 (GAQ1 and GAQ2), and recorded the incidence rate of adverse events.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients averaged 30.69 years of age. Compared with the baseline, the mean IIEF-EF score of the patients was significantly increased at 4 and 12 weeks after LI-ESWT (14.94 vs 20.97 and 21.47, P <0.01), and so were the EHS (1.75 vs 2.66 and 2.56, P <0.01) and the "Yes" answers to SEP2 (21.88% vs 68.75% and 71.88%), SEP3 (0 vs 43.75% and 56.25%), GAQ1 (NA vs 81.25% and 71.88%) and GAQ2 (NA vs 65.63% and 68.75%). The total effectiveness rates at 4 weeks and 12 weeks were 75% and 71.88% respectively. One of the patients felt penile shaft pain with mild ecchymosis after LI-ESWT but was recovered without special treatment a week later.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LI-ESWT can significantly improve the erectile function of ED patients with no obvious adverse effects within 12 weeks after treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Double-Blind Method , Ecchymosis , Erectile Dysfunction , Therapeutics , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Methods , Humans , Male , Pain, Procedural , Penile Erection , Physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687955

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neuroprotective action of astragaloside Ⅳ (AS-Ⅳ) on spatial learning and memory impairment induced by amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ1-42) in rats and elucidate its underlying molecular mechanisms. Methods Adult-male Sprague-Dawley rats (230-250 g) were divided into six groups randomly: control, Aβ1-42, AS-Ⅳ, Aβ1-42 plus 5 mg/kg·d AS-Ⅳ, Aβ1-42 plus 25 mg/kg·d AS-Ⅳ, and Aβ1-42 plus 50 mg/kg·d AS-Ⅳ groups. Aβ1-42 were delivered by intracerebroventricular injection under the guidance of a brain stereotaxic apparatus. The Morris water maze test (hidden platform test, probe trials, visible platform test) was performed one week after Aβ1-42 injection to obtain the ability of rat spatial learning and memory. AS-Ⅳ (5, 25 and 50 mg/kg·d) was administrated intraperitoneally once per day from the 8th day after Aβ1-42 injection for 5 consecutive days. Average escape latencies, distances for searching for the platform under water and the percentage of total time elapsed and distance swam in the right quadrant after removing platform were determined by behavior software system. The vision and swim speeds of rats were also determined to exclude the effect of these factors on the parameters of learning and memory. After behavioral tests, the rats were sacrificed immediately by decapitation. Hippocampus were collected. The enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) and catalase (CAT) in the hippocampus obtained from different-treated rat brain were measured by following the manufacturer's instructions. The levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in tissue lysates were assayed with ELISA. Results The water maze test results indicated that chronic treatments with AS-Ⅳ effectively protected the rats from Aβ1-42-induced spatial learning and memory impairment. Furthermore, the activities of SOD, GSH-px and CAT decreased by Aβ1-42 were also restored by AS-Ⅳ treatment in the hippocampus of rats. In addition, AS-Ⅳ significantly decreased the levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in the hippocampus of Aβ1-42-induced amnesia's rats. Conclusion Our findings suggest that AS-Ⅳ might be a useful chemical in improving the spatial memory and relieving the oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in Alzheimer patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696590

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia among children and adolescents aged 6-18 years in Yinchuan.Methods A stratified,random cluster sampling was used to select a target samples (1 939 cases) of children from elementary schools,middle schools and high schools in different age groups,with medium economic status.The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),and triglycerides (TG) were measured.Results The prevalence of total dyslipidemia was 15.5 % (300/1 939 cases).The prevalence of high TG,high TC,high LDL-C,low HDL-C,high non-HDL-C and hyperlipemia were 5.8% (113/1 939 cases),0.8% (18/1 939 cases),1.1% (21/1 939 cases),10.6% (205/1 939 cases),0.9% (18/1 939 cases) and 6.4% (124/1 939 cases),respectively.Boys were more likely to have dyslipidemia than girls (17.7% vs.13.3%) and a low HDL-C level (13.1% vs.8.2%),and the differences between 2 groups were statistically significant (x2 =7.178,P =0.007;x2 =12.337,P < 0.001).Individuals aged 16-18 years had the highest prevalence of total dyslipidemia [19.1% (89/466 cases)] than other age groups,and the difference was statistically significant(x2 =11.393,P < 0.01).Prevalence of dyslipidemia among the obese,the overweight and the normal weight individuals were 39.7% (69/174 cases),20.8% (60/289 cases) and 11.6% (171/1 469 cases),respectively.Moreover,prevalence of dyslipidemia increased significantly with gravity of obesity,and the difference was statistically significant(x2 =100.180,P < 0.01).Individuals with abdominal obesity had higher prevalence rates of dyslipidemia than that of the non-abdominal obese individuals [31.5% (92/292 cases) vs.12.6% (207/1 064 cases)],and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =67.578,P < 0.01).Approximately 39.7% (69/174 cases) and 31.5 % (92/292 cases) obese individuals and abdominal obesity were candidates for taking intervention measures including nutritional counseling,school-based lifestyle as well as community fitness programs.Conclusions Screening and prevention should be regarded for dyslipidemia among children and adolescents,especially for boys and teenagers in Yinchuan.

19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 868-873, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810325

ABSTRACT

The correct thoughts and principles of diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds need to be formulated. Through the relevant domestic and international consensus and based on clinical experience, the Thoughts and principles of diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in China is proposed. It is considered that in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds, in the case of fully understanding the patient′s medical history, the following thoughts and principles should be complied in order. (1) Pay attention to the cleanliness of the wound after being cleaned. (2) Reasonably perform debridement to avoid being " excessive" or " not thorough". (3) Reasonably perform examination, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of pathogenic factors. (4) Treat according to etiology. (5) Find comorbidities and prevent adverse outcomes. (6) Select the correct wound treatment method reasonably and timely. When the conservative wound care treatment is considered, pay attention to embodying the concept of etiological treatment, treat the wound according to the principles of safety, phase, selectivity, and effectiveness, and make a reasonable choice of continuing conservative treatment or surgical treatment in time after completing the preparation of the wound bed. When surgical treatment is considered, pay attention to the selection of reasonable surgical method and donor site, pay attention to the healing rate of surgical wound site and the outcome of donor site, and give reasonable protection to the wound site after surgery. (7) Carry out rehabilitation treatment after wound healing and related health education.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 365-369, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806698

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application value of endoscope in probing the chronic wound with sinus tract in clinic.@*Methods@#Twenty-eight chronic wounds with sinus tracts from 27 patients conforming to the inclusion criteria admitted to Outpatient Department of Wound Healing Center of Ruijin Hospital from December 2017 to March 2018 were investigated in a prospective and self-controlled trial. After being cleaned, the diameter of the opening of sinus tract was measured with a rule. A probe was used to measure the depth of a sinus tract according to the touch from the probe extremity in operation, and to measure the depth of a sinus tract that could be observed with naked eyes with the help of a pair of hemostatic forceps. Five minutes later, a probe was inserted deeply into the sinus tract to measure the depth under the endoscopic view combined with touch from the probe extremity in operation. Afterwards, the sinus tract was observed with endoscope, and the depth of the tract which could be observed under the endoscopic view was measured using a probe inserted deeply into the sinus tract. After completion of the above exploration, the sinus tract was infused with contrast agent Omnipaque 350 and scanned by computed tomography (CT) later to obtain its depth. The following indicators were calculated: the ratio of the depth of the sinus tract measured by CT to the diameter of the opening of the sinus tract (hereinafter referred to as the depth/diameter ratio of the sinus tract), the deviation rate comparing the depth of the sinus tract measured by conventional method (measured by probe only) and by endoscope (measured by probe under the endoscope view) with the depth of the sinus tract measured by CT (hereinafter referred to as the deviation rate of the measured depth of the sinus tract), the deviation rate comparing the depth of the sinus tract that could be observed measured by conventional method and by endoscope with the depth of the sinus tract measured by CT (hereinafter referred to as the deviation rate of the depth of the sinus tract that could be observed). Data were processed with paired t test. Pearson correlation analysis was applied to analyze the correlation between the depth/diameter ratio of the sinus tract and the deviation rate of the measured depth of the sinus tract and the deviation rate of the depth of the sinus tract that could be observed by conventional method and by endoscope.@*Results@#The depth/diameter ratio of the sinus tract of this group of wounds was 1-32 (8±7). The deviation rate of the measured depth of the sinus tract and the deviation rate of the depth of the sinus tract that could be observed by conventional method were (19±14)% and (79±18)%, respectively, both obviously larger than (9±9)% and (25±25)% by endoscope (t=3.837, 13.626, P<0.01). Positive correlation existed between the depth/diameter ratio of the sinus tract and the deviation rate of the measured depth of the sinus tract by conventional method, and between the depth/diameter ratio of the sinus tract and the deviation rate of the depth of the sinus tract that could be observed by conventional method and by endoscope (r=0.514, 0.585, 0.651, P<0.01). However, there was no obvious correlation between the depth/diameter ratio of the sinus tract and the deviation rate of the measured depth of the sinus tract by endoscope (r=0.113, P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Compared with the conventional method, application of endoscope is able to get more accurate data of chronic wounds with sinus tracts and observe the wounds with wider range.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL