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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 145-150, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005245

ABSTRACT

Solid organ transplantation has significantly prolonged the survival of patients with end-stage diseases. However, long-term use of immunosuppressants will increase the risk of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in the recipients, thereby elevating the risk of infection, cardiovascular disease and death. In recent years, with persistent improvement of diagnostic criteria of PTDM, clinicians have deepened the understanding of this disease. Compared with type 2 diabetes mellitus, PTDM significantly differs in pathophysiological characteristics and clinical progression. Hence, different treatment strategies should be adopted. Early identification of risk factors of organ transplant recipients, early diagnosis and intervention are of significance for improving the quality of life of recipients, prolonging the survival of grafts and reducing the fatality of recipients. Therefore, the diagnosis, incidence and risk factors of PTDM were reviewed in this article, aiming to provide reference for clinicians to deliver prompt diagnosis and intervention for PTDM.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2506-2512, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998322

ABSTRACT

Since the 1970s, patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have benefited from total pancreatectomy with autologous islet cell transplantation (TPAIT). With the continuous development of surgical techniques and perioperative management over the past few decades, there have been improvements in islet cell function, insulin independence rate, and the survival rate of patients. This article summarizes the preoperative indications for TPAIT, the development of surgical operations, postoperative management and monitoring, and prognosis, so as to help clinicians learn more about TPAIT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 468-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995002

ABSTRACT

Primary biliary cirrhosis/cholangitis is an autoimmune disease. Renal tubular acidosis is a common form in PBC cases, but Fanconi syndrome is rarely reported. The paper reported a 66-year-old female patient with fatigue, renal insufficiency and elevated bile duct enzymes. The patient presented with type 2 proximal renal tubular acidosis and complete Fanconi syndrome. Laboratory examinations showed high-titer-positive anti-mitochondrial antibodies, elevated serum IgM, and type 3 cryoglobulinemia. Renal biopsy revealed interstitial nephritis, and electron micrographs showed abnormal mitochondria in proximal tubular epithelial cells. The patient's renal function ameliorated, and acid-base imbalance and electrolyte disturbances were corrected after high-dose glucocorticoid treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 88-93, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994804

ABSTRACT

As the major part of mesencephalic locomotion region, pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPN) participates in motor initiation, rhythmic and speed regulation. In addition, PPN is regarded as a novel deep brain stimulation target for patients with Parkinson′s disease due to its dramatic effect on the gait disturbance and postural instability. However, PPN also has an important role in muscle tone control and dystonia. This review is aimed at summarizing the involvement of PPN in dystonia, providing fundamental for targeting PPN for treatment of dystonia in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 599-605, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985739

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and molecular features of primary cardiac angiosarcoma (PCAS), and to analyze the correlation between KDR mutation and the clinicopathological features of PCAS. Methods: Thirteen cases of PCAS were collected at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2007 to December 2021. The clinicopathological features, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and outcome were retrospectively analyzed. KDR mutation was detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS) and then the expression of KDR (VEGFR2) was determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC), with review of relevant literatures. Results: There were eight males and five females with a mean age of 45 years. The primary tumor was in the right atrium in 10 cases, left atrium in two cases and right ventricle in one case. The histomorphology was mainly poorly differentiated angiosarcoma (11 cases), with highly pleomorphic spindle or round cells in solid sheets, brisk mitotic activity and extensive necrosis. Vascular lumen formation was observed in two cases of high to moderate differentiation, and biphenotypic differentiation was seen in five cases. IHC staining showed CD34, CD31, Fli1, ERG and vimentin were diffusely positive, pan-cytokeratin was positive, Ki-67 index ranged from 3% to 90%, which was positively correlated with the differentiation degree and grade of the PCASs (P<0.05). At the end of follow-up period, one patient was alive, two patients were lost to follow-up, and the remaining 10 patients had an average survival time of 4.6 months. Finally, NGS sequencing was performed on seven samples after screening, and the results showed that KDR and NF1 mutations were both present in three cases. VEGFR2 expression had no significant correlation with the differentiation degree and grade of PCAS (P>0.05), and it was not related to KDR mutation. Conclusions: PCASs mainly occur in the right atrium, and are mainly poorly differentiated. Ki-67 index is helpful to assess the degree and grade of tumor differentiation. The occurrence and development of PCAS may be related to the pathway involved in KDR mutation, but KDR mutation has no clear correlation with clinicopathological characteristics of PCAS, and immunohistochemical staining can not replace gene detection to determine whether the tumor had KDR mutation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Hemangiosarcoma/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Ki-67 Antigen , Immunohistochemistry , Molecular Biology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 165-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980186

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze and summarize the medication rules of different Pinelliae Rhizoma processed products in the syndrome differentiation and treatment of insomnia using data mining. MethodThe literature on the treatment of insomnia with Pinelliae Rhizoma was retrieved from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP, and PubMed databases over the past 10 years. An Excel database was constructed to record the prescriptions of different Pinelliae Rhizoma processed products in the treatment of insomnia. SPSS 26.0 software was used for frequency analysis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes related to insomnia, compatibility of drugs, drug effects, and properties. SPSS 26.0 was also used for cluster analysis, factor analysis, and IBM Modeler 18.0 plugin for association rule analysis of the core compatibility of different Pinelliae Rhizoma processed products and combinations. ResultAfter applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 125 relevant articles were finally included. The commonly used processed products of Pinelliae Rhizoma in the treatment of insomnia were Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum, Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum cum Zingibere et Alumine, and Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum cum Alumine. Among them, Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum was the most frequently used. All three processed products of Pinelliae Rhizoma were often used for insomnia with such TCM syndromes as phlegm-heat disturbing the heart, phlegm-dampness obstructing the interior, and liver Qi stagnation. The compatible drugs were sweet, bitter, and pungent in flavor, cold in nature, and acted on the lung, spleen, heart, and liver meridians, with functions of nourishing deficiency, clearing heat, and calming the mind. The common prescriptions used were Wendantang, Chaihu Longgu Mulitang, Banxia Xiexintang, and Xiaochaihutang, with doses ranging from 6 to 30 g. The core drug combinations were Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum-Poria-Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum Cum Zingibere et Alumine-Jujubae Fructus-Codonopsis Radix, and Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum Cum Alumine-Scutellariae Radix-Bupleuri Radix. ConclusionThis study, for the first time, analyzed and summarized the compatibility and prescription application rules of commonly used processed products of Pinelliae Rhizoma in the treatment of insomnia from the perspective of TCM syndrome differentiation, which provides a theoretical basis for the rational, safe, and effective use of Pinelliae Rhizoma in the treatment of insomnia in TCM.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 619-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978507

ABSTRACT

Led by Zheng Shusen, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) from Zhejiang University, the first multi-center cooperation project of liver transplantation for metastatic liver cancer in China, gathering 28 liver transplantation centers nationwide, was launched in Shanghai. All participating experts conducted in-depth exchanges and discussions regarding four topics including inclusion criteria of liver transplantation for metastatic liver cancer, the risk assessment and prognostic evaluation of liver transplantation for metastatic liver cancer, perioperative medication of liver transplantation for metastatic liver cancer, and the implementation details of multi-center cooperation project. Questionnaires were distributed to reach consensus and pinpoint the directions, aiming to carry out high-quality and standardized clinical researches on liver transplantation for metastatic liver cancer in China.

8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 367-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991150

ABSTRACT

Claudin18.2(CLDN18.2)is a tight junction protein that is overexpressed in a variety of solid tumors such as gastrointestinal cancer and oesophageal cancer.It has been identified as a promising target and a potential biomarker to diagnose tumor,evaluate efficacy,and determine patient prognosis.TST001 is a recombinant humanized CLDN18.2 antibody that selectively binds to the extracellular loop of human Claudin18.2.In this study,we constructed a solid target radionuclide zirconium-89(89Zr)labled-TST001 to detect the expression of in the human stomach cancer BGC823CLDN18.2 cell lines.The[89Zr]Zr-des-ferrioxamine(DFO)-TST001 showed high radiochemical purity(RCP,>99%)and specific activity(24.15±1.34 GBq/μmol),and was stable in 5%human serum albumin,and phosphate buffer saline(>85%RCP at 96 h).The EC50 values of TST001 and DFO-TST001 were as high as 0.413±0.055 and 0.361±0.058 nM(P>0.05),respectively.The radiotracer had a significantly higher average standard uptake values in CLDN18.2-positive tumors than in CLDN18.2-negative tumors(1.11±0.02 vs.0.49±0.03,P=0.0016)2 days post injection(p.i.).BGC823CLDN18.2 mice models showed high tumor/muscle ratios 96 h p.i.with[89Zr]Zr-DFO-TST001 was much higher than those of the other imaging groups.Immunohistochemistry results showed that BGC823CLDN18.2 tumors were highly positive(+++)for CLDN18.2,while those in the BGC823 group did not express CLDN18.2(-).The results of ex vivo biodistribution studies showed that there was a higher distribution in the BGC823CLDN18.2 tumor bearing mice(2.05±0.16%ID/g)than BGC823 mice(0.69±0.02%ID/g)and blocking group(0.72±0.02%ID/g).A dosimetry estimation study showed that the effective dose of[89Zr]Zr-DFO-TST001 was 0.0705 mSv/MBq,which is within the range of acceptable doses for nuclear medicine research.Taken together,these re-sults suggest that Good Manufacturing Practices produced by this immuno-positron emission tomog-raphy probe can detect CLDN18.2-overexpressing tumors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 275-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961709

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor originating from mesenchymal stem cells, which features high degree of malignancy, strong invasiveness, easy early metastasis, and high recurrence rate. The clinical manifestations of OS are pain, local mass, limited movement, and pathological fracture. OS mainly occurs in children, adolescents, and the elderly, seriously threatening physical and mental health of patients, as well as their quality of life. The currently available therapies for OS are surgery, chemoradiotherapy, and the combination of the two. Although the therapeutic effect has been improved, tumor recurrence and metastasis and multidrug resistance still occur. Thus, the therapeutic effect is not satisfactory, especially in improving the overall survival rate of patients with metastatic OS. As a result, clinicians and researchers have been making efforts to find an effective therapy. In recent years, the mechanism of curcumin (CUR) against OS has attracted wide attention. CUR, a pigment extracted from the rhizomes or tubers of many plants, such as Curcuma longa, C. rcenyujin, and C. phaeocaulis, has a variety of pharmacological effects. Scholars have found that CUR has the effects of inhibiting proliferation, inducing apoptosis, and reversing multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells, but also it has poor water solubility and low bioavailability, which limit the clinical application. This paper mainly discusses the mechanism of CUR against OS, the existing problems, new treatment methods, and future research directions, which is expected to provide new ideas for scientific researchers and provide a reference for the development and utilization of CUR in the future.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 1018-1022, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between urinary glucose excretion, body mass index, and serum uric acid in type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to evaluate the association of interaction between uric glucose and body mass index on the risk of hyperuricemia.Methods:A total of 867 hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in this study. The height, weight, blood pressure and other general conditions were measured. 24-hour urine glucose quantification, glycolipid metabolism, and serum uric acid were collected. Multivariate linear regression analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the association of body mass index and urinary glucose with hyperuricemia.Results:After adjusting for age, sex, course of disease, blood pressure, HbA 1C, insulin, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, fasting plasma glucose, 2 h postprandial blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, creatinine, and glomerular filtration rate, body mass index was positively associated with serum uric acid( β=4.281, 95% CI 2.645-5.917, P<0.001), and 24-hour urine glucose was negatively associated with serum uric acid( β=-0.435, 95% CI -0.708--0.162, P=0.002). Body mass index is an independent risk factor of hyperuricemia( P<0.01). There was a significant interaction between urine glucose and body mass index(interaction P<0.05). In the low urine glucose group, obese patients displayed odds ratio of 2.203 for hyperuricemia compared with non-obese patients, whereas the odds ratio was not significant in the high urine glucose group.The associations between body mass index and hyperuricemia were stronger in participants with low urine glucose than in those with high urine glucose. Conclusion:Urinary glucose excretion can weaken the positive correlation between body mass index and serum uric acid, suggesting that promoting urinary glucose excretion may be an effective strategy to control serum uric acid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus, especially in obese patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1056-1060, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) combined with Wells score in predicting acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods:Patients with suspected acute PE admitted to Emergency Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 1, 2016 to August 31, 2021 were screened. Patients with positive computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) results were classified as the PE group, and those with negative CTPA results were classified as the non-PE group. Demographic characteristics, symptoms, vital signs, underlying diseases, risk factors for venous thrombosis, arterial blood gas analysis and Wells scores were statistically analyzed and compared between the two groups, and the clinical efficacy of PaCO 2 combined with Wells score in predicting acute PE was evaluated. Results:A total of 1 869 patients with suspected acute PE were screened, and 1 492 patients were finally selected. There were 537 cases in the PE group and 955 cases in the non-PE group. The frequency of chest pain, dyspnea, unilateral lower limb edema, history of PE or deep venous thrombosis, history of surgery or immobilization within 3 months, history of fracture within 3 months, active malignant tumor, elevated Wells score and reduced PaCO 2 in the PE group was significantly higher than that in the non-PE group (all P< 0.05). The area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of Wells score was 0.784 (95% CI: 0.758-0.810), and the sensitivity and specificity of predicting acute pulmonary embolism were 61.64% and 88.48%, respectively. The AUC of reduced PaCO 2 was 0.679 (95% CI: 0.651-0.707), and the sensitivity and specificity of predicting acute pulmonary embolism were 79.89% and 55.92%, respectively. The AUC of reduced PaCO 2 combined with Wells score was 0.837 (95% CI: 0.816-0.858), and the sensitivity and specificity of predicting acute pulmonary embolism were 74.12% and 77.07%, respectively. The AUC of reduced PaCO 2 combined with Wells score was significantly greater than the AUC of Wells score ( P<0.001) and the AUC of reduced PaCO 2 ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The efficacy of PaCO 2 reduction combined with Wells score in predicting acute PE was superior to that of either of them alone. This was a beneficial supplement to the screening of patients with acute PE, and would also help reduce the abuse of CTPA in the emergency department.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1286-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928054

ABSTRACT

This study discovered that the resolution of 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid(isochlorogenic acid A) in the content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(ChP)(2020 edition) was poor, which affected accurate quantification. We tested the method in ChP with chromatographic columns of seven brands to clarify the problems in the existing method, optimized the chromatographic conditions by adjusting the mobile phase composition and elution ratio and replacing the chromatographic column packing, and carried out the reproducibility assay for the new method. The two methods were compared for the content determination results of Chrysanthemi Flos prepared from six different varieties. As evaluated by the resolution based on different chromatographic columns of seven brands, the existing method failed to separate isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D well. The peaks of the two components were not completely separated on three chromatographic columns, and isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D generated a co-effluent peak in the other four columns. Isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D could be completely separated under the optimized chromatographic conditions. The difference in the peak areas of isochlorogenic acid A+isochlorogenic acid D obtained by the optimized method and the method in ChP was not significant, with deviation less than 3.0%, which further proved that the result measured by the method in ChP was the co-effluent of isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D. The optimized method can ensure the accurate quantification of isochlorogenic acid A. The existing content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos has the problem of poor resolution. It is recommended to revise the chromatographic conditions for the content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos to improve the resolution of isochlorogenic acid A and ensure its accurate quantification.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 980-987, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928017

ABSTRACT

The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) technology was employed to compare the chemical components between the aerial and underground parts of Coptis chinensis samples from different batches. According to the retention time, molecular ion peak, and LC-MS~E fragment information of the reference substances and available literature, we identified a total of 40 components. Thirty-three and 31 compounds were respectively identified in the underground part(taproots) and the aerial part(stems and leaves) of C. chinensis. Among them, 24 compounds, including alkaloids(e.g., berberine and jatrorrhizine) and phenolic acids(e.g., chlorogenic acid, quinic acid, and tanshinol), were common in the two parts. In addition, differential components were also identified, such as magnoline glucoside in the underground part and(±) lariciresionol-4-β-D-glucopyranoside in the aerial part. The analysis of fragmentation pathways based on spectra of reference substances indicated the differences among samples of different batches. Furthermore, we performed the principal component analysis(PCA) for the peak areas of C. chinensis in different batches. The results showed that the underground part and the aerial part were clearly clustered into two groups, indicating that the chemical components contained in the two parts were different. Furthermore, the results of partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) identified 31 differential compounds(VIP value>1) between the underground part and the aerial part, mainly including alkaloids, phenolic acids, lignans, and flavonoids. This study proves that C. chinensis possesses great development potential with multiple available compounds in stems and leaves. Moreover, it sheds light on for the development and utilization of non-medicinal organs of C. chinensis and other Chinese medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Coptis chinensis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Technology
14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 145-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935764

ABSTRACT

Quetiapine is a psychotropic drug. Excessive use of quetiapine may lead to drowsiness, blurred vision, respiratory depression, hypotension and extrapyramidal reactions. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is rare due to overdose of quetiapine. On 14 February 2020, a patients with coma, respiratory arrest and hypotension due to overdose of quetiapine were admitted to our hospital. After receiving mechanical ventilation、plasma adsorption and anti-inflammatory treatment, the patient's consciousness turned clear, the machine was successfully removed and extubated, and the patient's condition was improved and discharged from hospital. We analyzed the clinical data of the patient with quetiapine poisoning, and discussed the clinical symptoms and chest CT characteristics of ARDS caused by quetiapine poisoning, in order to improve the understanding of quetiapine poisoning and improve the success rate of rescue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Dibenzothiazepines , Drug Overdose/therapy , Quetiapine Fumarate/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5005-5014, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921638

ABSTRACT

Based on the textual research on literature, the key information of Wenjing Decoction were tested and identified, and 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of Wenjing Decoction were prepared. The specific components, including paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides(Rg_1, Re and Rb_1), glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol, were used as indexes to establish the HPLC method for quantitative evaluation, and the content ranges and transfer rates of these components were determined. The results showed that the contents of paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol in the 15 batches of samples were 0.62%-0.86%, 0.25%-0.76%, 0.14%-0.30%, 0.07%-0.21%, 0.63%-1.16%, and 0.09%-0.25%, respectively, and their transfer rates from the decoction pieces to the reference materials were 14.99%-19.42%, 28.11%-40.93%, 25.92%-61.88%, 25.03%-64.06%, 23.43%-35.53%, and 5.34%-10.44%, respectively. The consistency of the transfer rates between batches indicated that the preparation process was stable. It is suggested that the contents of paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol in Wenjing Decoction should not be less than 0.52%, 0.35%, 0.15%, 0.10%, 0.63%, and 0.12%, respectively. In this study, we determined the contents and analyzed the quantity transfer process of the index components in Wenjing Decoction, which can provide a basis for the follow-up development of Wenjing Decoction and the quality control of related preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Powders , Quality Control
16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 7-14, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To control the quality of the reference sample of Wenjingtang by establishing the specific chromatograms. Method:On the basis of analyzing 15 batches of Wenjingtang freeze-dried powder samples, a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) specific chromatogram analysis method of Wenjingtang was established. The system adaptability was investigated and the retention time, relative retention value and deviation caused by different chromatographic columns and instruments were calculated by using the same brand of chromatographic columns, four different brands of chromatographic columns and instruments from three different manufacturers. The precision, repeatability and stability of this method was further completed. The possible chemical components of the freeze-dried powders were speculated and identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS<italic><sup>n</sup></italic>). Chromatographic separation was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-2.8 min, 10%A; 2.8-8.0 min, 10%-18%A; 8.0-12.2 min, 18%-25%A; 12.2-15.3 min, 25%-40%A; 15.3-17.4 min, 40%A; 17.4-20.5 min, 40%-90%A), and column temperature was set at 30 ℃ with flow rate of 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Mass spectrometry was performed on electrospray ionization, data were collected under positive and negative ion modes, and the detection range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 600. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were selected as the distinguishing features in this specific chromatograms, and eight of them were identified by comparing with the reference standards, including paeoniflorin (peak 1), liquiritin apioside (peak 2), liquiritin (peak 3), ferulic acid (peak 4), iquiritigenin (peak 6), cinnamaldehyde (peak 8), paeonol (peak 9)and glycyrrhizic acid (peak 10). By mass spectrometry analysis, 30 compounds were identified, and the source of medicinal materials were assigned. It mainly contained triterpenoid saponins and flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, ginsenosides from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, monoterpenoid glycosides and tannins from Paeoniae Radix Alba, steroids in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, phenolic acids in Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Conclusion:The established characteristic chromatographic analysis method of Wenjingtang is simple, stable and repeatable. The chemical composition of the freeze-dried powder of Wenjingtang is basically defined by mass spectrometry identification and source attribution, which can provide reference for the development and quality control of Wenjingtang in the future.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2923-2930, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888030

ABSTRACT

The present study determined the quantitative markers of total proanthocyanidins in the purification of the industrial waste Choerospondias axillaris pericarp based on the comparison results of high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and mass spectrometry(MS) and optimized the purification process with two stable procyanidins as markers. The adsorption and desorption of five different macroporous adsorption resins, the static adsorption kinetics curve of NKA-Ⅱ resin, the maximum sample load, and the gradient elution were investigated. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed for qualitative analysis of the newly-prepared total proanthocyanidins of C. axillaris pericarp. As revealed by the results, NKA-Ⅱ resin displayed strong adsorption and desorption toward total proanthocyanidins. The sample solution(50 mg·mL~(-1)) was prepared from 70% ethanol crude extract of C. axillaris pericarp dissolved in water and 7-fold BV of the sample solution was loaded, followed by static adsorption for 12 h. After 8-fold BV of distilled water and 6-fold BV of 10% ethanol were employed to remove impurities, the solution was eluted with 8-fold BV of 50% ethanol, concentrated, and dried under reduced pressure, and purified total proanthocyanidin powder was therefore obtained. Measured by vanillin-hydrochloric acid method, the purity and transfer rate of total proanthocyanidins were 47.67% and 59.92%, respectively, indicating the feasibi-lity of the optimized process. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS qualitative analysis identified 16 procyanidins in C. axillaris total proanthocyanidins. The optimized purification process is simple in operation and accurate in component identification, and it can be applied to the process investigation of a class of components that are difficult to be separated and purified. It can also provide technical support and research ideas for the comprehensive utilization of industrial waste.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Anacardiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins/analysis , Resins, Synthetic , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 120-126, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and molecular mechanism of Zhizhuwan decoction and its ingredient-contained serums on the proliferation and apoptosis of rat colon interstitial cells of cajal (ICC), and make a molecule-level analysis of the possible mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) purgation-tonifying therapy in treating slow transit constipation (STC). Method:A total of 40 rats were divided into Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma(AMR) group, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) group, Zhizhuwan group and blank serum group on random basis, with 10 in each group. Baizhu group was given 17.7 g·kg-1·d-1 of AMR decoction by gavage, AFI group was given 8.9 g·kg-1·d-1 AFI decoction by gavage, Zhizhuwan group was given 26.4 g·kg-1·d-1 Zhizhuwan decoction by gavage, and blank serum group was given 3 mL sterile distilled water for 7 consecutive days, once a day. Drug-contained serums and blank serum were collected from blood of the above groups and diluted to 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% concentrations. Each concentration was intervened for 24 h and 48 h, and the amount and status of ICC were observed. The best intervening concentration and time for each group with cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) were determined. Rat colon ICC was divided into blank control group, blank serum group, AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group. ICC proliferation for each group was detected with EdU, ICC apoptosis for each group was detected by flow cytometry, and expressions of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the best intervention concentration for blank serum group, AMR group and AFI group was 10%, while that for Zhizhuwan group was 5%. The best intervention times for the above groups were all 24 h. No distinct difference between the effect of blank control group and blank serum group on the proliferation and apoptosis of ICC was observed. In comparison with blank control group and blank serum group, AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group showed significant changes in ICC proliferation rate (P<0.05,P<0.01). There was a greater increase in ICC proliferation rate of Zhizhuwan group than that of AMR group and Zhizhu group (P<0.05,P<0.01), with no distinct difference between the changes of ICC proliferation rates in AMR group and AFI group. There was no significant difference between the changes of ICC apoptosis rates in AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group than in blank control group and blank serum group. There were significant increases in the expressions of XIAP and PCNA in AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group than in blank control group and blank serum group (P<0.05,P<0.01), but with little difference among the three groups. Conclusion:At certain concentrations, Zhizhuwan, AFI and AMR all have the effect in improving ICC proliferation by increasing XIAP and PCNA expressions, with no evident effect on the apoptosis of ICC, based on TCM purgation-tonifying therapy, Zhizhuwan has the effect in improving ICC proliferation, with a better effect than single administration with AFI or AMR.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1326-1331, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837556

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    Through comparing the therapeutic efficacy of robot-assisted surgery (RS) and conventional surgery (CS) for mitral valve disease by meta-analysis to guide the choice of clinical operation. Methods    Databases including The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and Wanfang Database were searched by computer from inception to June 2020. The literature of efficacy comparison between RS and CS was collected. Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4 software. Results    We identified 11 studies of RS versus CS with 4 330 patients. Among them, 2 212 patients underwent RS and 2 118 underwent CS. Meta-analysis demonstrated that compared with the CS, RS had longer cross-clamp time (MD=25.00, 95%CI 15.04 to 34.95, P<0.000 01), cardiopulmonary bypass time (MD=44.11, 95%CI 29.26 to 58.96, P<0.000 01) and operation time (MD=46.40, 95%CI 31.55 to 61.26, P<0.000 01). However, ICU stay (MD=–22.13, 95%CI –31.88 to –12.38, P<0.000 01) and hospital stay (MD=–1.81, 95%CI –2.69 to –0.92, P<0.000 01) were significantly shorter in the RS group; and the incidences of blood transfusion (OR=0.38, 95%CI 0.16 to 0.89, P=0.03) and complications (OR=0.73, 95%CI 0.57 to 0.94, P=0.01) were significantly lower in the RS group. Conclusion    Although RS has a longer operation time than CS, it has less damage, less bleeding, faster recovery and better curative efficacy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1258-1262, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866015

ABSTRACT

The US naval continuing medical education is in a leading position all over the world, and to study the US naval continuing medical education plays an important reference role in the development of naval continuing medical education in China. This article expounds the characteristics, organization setting, curriculum setting, medical training and independent escort training of the US naval continuing medical education, and analyzes its enlightenments to the naval continuing medical education of China. We need to learn from the experience of the US naval continuing medical education, combined with the actual characteristics of our navy, improve the training system of continuing medical education, adopt diversified educational technologies, create a scientific education management system, and optimize curriculum reform, thus constantly improving the quality and effectiveness of naval continuing medical education in China.

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