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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921638

ABSTRACT

Based on the textual research on literature, the key information of Wenjing Decoction were tested and identified, and 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of Wenjing Decoction were prepared. The specific components, including paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides(Rg_1, Re and Rb_1), glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol, were used as indexes to establish the HPLC method for quantitative evaluation, and the content ranges and transfer rates of these components were determined. The results showed that the contents of paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol in the 15 batches of samples were 0.62%-0.86%, 0.25%-0.76%, 0.14%-0.30%, 0.07%-0.21%, 0.63%-1.16%, and 0.09%-0.25%, respectively, and their transfer rates from the decoction pieces to the reference materials were 14.99%-19.42%, 28.11%-40.93%, 25.92%-61.88%, 25.03%-64.06%, 23.43%-35.53%, and 5.34%-10.44%, respectively. The consistency of the transfer rates between batches indicated that the preparation process was stable. It is suggested that the contents of paeoniflorin, glycyrrhizin, ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and paeonol in Wenjing Decoction should not be less than 0.52%, 0.35%, 0.15%, 0.10%, 0.63%, and 0.12%, respectively. In this study, we determined the contents and analyzed the quantity transfer process of the index components in Wenjing Decoction, which can provide a basis for the follow-up development of Wenjing Decoction and the quality control of related preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Powders , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To control the quality of the reference sample of Wenjingtang by establishing the specific chromatograms. Method:On the basis of analyzing 15 batches of Wenjingtang freeze-dried powder samples, a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) specific chromatogram analysis method of Wenjingtang was established. The system adaptability was investigated and the retention time, relative retention value and deviation caused by different chromatographic columns and instruments were calculated by using the same brand of chromatographic columns, four different brands of chromatographic columns and instruments from three different manufacturers. The precision, repeatability and stability of this method was further completed. The possible chemical components of the freeze-dried powders were speculated and identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS<italic><sup>n</sup></italic>). Chromatographic separation was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-2.8 min, 10%A; 2.8-8.0 min, 10%-18%A; 8.0-12.2 min, 18%-25%A; 12.2-15.3 min, 25%-40%A; 15.3-17.4 min, 40%A; 17.4-20.5 min, 40%-90%A), and column temperature was set at 30 ℃ with flow rate of 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Mass spectrometry was performed on electrospray ionization, data were collected under positive and negative ion modes, and the detection range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 600. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were selected as the distinguishing features in this specific chromatograms, and eight of them were identified by comparing with the reference standards, including paeoniflorin (peak 1), liquiritin apioside (peak 2), liquiritin (peak 3), ferulic acid (peak 4), iquiritigenin (peak 6), cinnamaldehyde (peak 8), paeonol (peak 9)and glycyrrhizic acid (peak 10). By mass spectrometry analysis, 30 compounds were identified, and the source of medicinal materials were assigned. It mainly contained triterpenoid saponins and flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, ginsenosides from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, monoterpenoid glycosides and tannins from Paeoniae Radix Alba, steroids in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, phenolic acids in Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Conclusion:The established characteristic chromatographic analysis method of Wenjingtang is simple, stable and repeatable. The chemical composition of the freeze-dried powder of Wenjingtang is basically defined by mass spectrometry identification and source attribution, which can provide reference for the development and quality control of Wenjingtang in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888030

ABSTRACT

The present study determined the quantitative markers of total proanthocyanidins in the purification of the industrial waste Choerospondias axillaris pericarp based on the comparison results of high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and mass spectrometry(MS) and optimized the purification process with two stable procyanidins as markers. The adsorption and desorption of five different macroporous adsorption resins, the static adsorption kinetics curve of NKA-Ⅱ resin, the maximum sample load, and the gradient elution were investigated. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed for qualitative analysis of the newly-prepared total proanthocyanidins of C. axillaris pericarp. As revealed by the results, NKA-Ⅱ resin displayed strong adsorption and desorption toward total proanthocyanidins. The sample solution(50 mg·mL~(-1)) was prepared from 70% ethanol crude extract of C. axillaris pericarp dissolved in water and 7-fold BV of the sample solution was loaded, followed by static adsorption for 12 h. After 8-fold BV of distilled water and 6-fold BV of 10% ethanol were employed to remove impurities, the solution was eluted with 8-fold BV of 50% ethanol, concentrated, and dried under reduced pressure, and purified total proanthocyanidin powder was therefore obtained. Measured by vanillin-hydrochloric acid method, the purity and transfer rate of total proanthocyanidins were 47.67% and 59.92%, respectively, indicating the feasibi-lity of the optimized process. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS qualitative analysis identified 16 procyanidins in C. axillaris total proanthocyanidins. The optimized purification process is simple in operation and accurate in component identification, and it can be applied to the process investigation of a class of components that are difficult to be separated and purified. It can also provide technical support and research ideas for the comprehensive utilization of industrial waste.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Anacardiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Extracts , Proanthocyanidins/analysis , Resins, Synthetic , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837556

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    Through comparing the therapeutic efficacy of robot-assisted surgery (RS) and conventional surgery (CS) for mitral valve disease by meta-analysis to guide the choice of clinical operation. Methods    Databases including The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and Wanfang Database were searched by computer from inception to June 2020. The literature of efficacy comparison between RS and CS was collected. Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4 software. Results    We identified 11 studies of RS versus CS with 4 330 patients. Among them, 2 212 patients underwent RS and 2 118 underwent CS. Meta-analysis demonstrated that compared with the CS, RS had longer cross-clamp time (MD=25.00, 95%CI 15.04 to 34.95, P<0.000 01), cardiopulmonary bypass time (MD=44.11, 95%CI 29.26 to 58.96, P<0.000 01) and operation time (MD=46.40, 95%CI 31.55 to 61.26, P<0.000 01). However, ICU stay (MD=–22.13, 95%CI –31.88 to –12.38, P<0.000 01) and hospital stay (MD=–1.81, 95%CI –2.69 to –0.92, P<0.000 01) were significantly shorter in the RS group; and the incidences of blood transfusion (OR=0.38, 95%CI 0.16 to 0.89, P=0.03) and complications (OR=0.73, 95%CI 0.57 to 0.94, P=0.01) were significantly lower in the RS group. Conclusion    Although RS has a longer operation time than CS, it has less damage, less bleeding, faster recovery and better curative efficacy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866015

ABSTRACT

The US naval continuing medical education is in a leading position all over the world, and to study the US naval continuing medical education plays an important reference role in the development of naval continuing medical education in China. This article expounds the characteristics, organization setting, curriculum setting, medical training and independent escort training of the US naval continuing medical education, and analyzes its enlightenments to the naval continuing medical education of China. We need to learn from the experience of the US naval continuing medical education, combined with the actual characteristics of our navy, improve the training system of continuing medical education, adopt diversified educational technologies, create a scientific education management system, and optimize curriculum reform, thus constantly improving the quality and effectiveness of naval continuing medical education in China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of red blood cell count (RBC), fibrinogen (FBG) combined with platelet count (PLT)for risk stratification of acute pulmonary embolism (PE).Methods:Patients admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2013 to October 2019 and diagnosed with acute PE were retrospectively collected. According to the risk stratification criteria for PE, the patients were divided into the high/medium risk group and low risk group. The demographic characteristics, previous medical history, parameters of RBC and PLT, and FBG of the two groups were compared.Results:Totally 696 patients were selected in the study, of them, 193 patients were in the high/medium risk group and 503 in the low risk group. RBC and hematocrit (HCT) in the high/medium risk group were significantly higher than those in the low risk group, but FBG and PLT in the high/medium risk group were significantly lower than those in the low risk group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in age, gender, previous medical history, hemoglobin (HGB), HCT, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemogloin (MCHC), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet large cell rate (P-LCR) between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis showed that RBC, PLT and FBG were independent influencing factors for risk stratification of acute PE. RBC was positively correlated with risk stratification, while PLT and FBG were negatively correlated. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of RBC, PLT and FBG were 0.552 (95% CI: 0.514-0.589), 0.591 (95% CI: 0.554-0.628), and 0.565 (95% CI: 0.527-0.602), with the cut-off value of 4.57 ×10 12/L,182 ×10 9/L and 322.8 mg/dL, respectively. Conclusions:RBC, FBG combined with PLT have clinical predictive value for risk stratification of acute PE.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878859

ABSTRACT

In response to no national standard for Gynostemma pentaphyllum, a market survey was carried out, and 17 batches of gypenosides extract and 29 batches of Gypenosides Tablets on the market were collected. With gypenoside A as an index, the TLC qualitative identification and HPLC quantitative evaluation method of gypenosides extract and tablets was established. Based on the determination results of 17 batches of gypenosides extract and 29 batches of Gypenosides Tablets, the quality standards of gypenosides extract and tablets were formulated respectively, so as to give suggestions for improving the quality standards of gypenosides extract and tablets. Compared with the existing ministerial standards, the qualitative identification and quantitative detection of specific components were added, in order to provide scientific basis and suggestions for the revision of the quality standard of gypenosides extract and tablet preparation.


Subject(s)
Gynostemma , Plant Extracts , Reference Standards , Tablets
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and molecular mechanism of Zhizhuwan decoction and its ingredient-contained serums on the proliferation and apoptosis of rat colon interstitial cells of cajal (ICC), and make a molecule-level analysis of the possible mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) purgation-tonifying therapy in treating slow transit constipation (STC). Method:A total of 40 rats were divided into Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma(AMR) group, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) group, Zhizhuwan group and blank serum group on random basis, with 10 in each group. Baizhu group was given 17.7 g·kg-1·d-1 of AMR decoction by gavage, AFI group was given 8.9 g·kg-1·d-1 AFI decoction by gavage, Zhizhuwan group was given 26.4 g·kg-1·d-1 Zhizhuwan decoction by gavage, and blank serum group was given 3 mL sterile distilled water for 7 consecutive days, once a day. Drug-contained serums and blank serum were collected from blood of the above groups and diluted to 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% concentrations. Each concentration was intervened for 24 h and 48 h, and the amount and status of ICC were observed. The best intervening concentration and time for each group with cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) were determined. Rat colon ICC was divided into blank control group, blank serum group, AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group. ICC proliferation for each group was detected with EdU, ICC apoptosis for each group was detected by flow cytometry, and expressions of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the best intervention concentration for blank serum group, AMR group and AFI group was 10%, while that for Zhizhuwan group was 5%. The best intervention times for the above groups were all 24 h. No distinct difference between the effect of blank control group and blank serum group on the proliferation and apoptosis of ICC was observed. In comparison with blank control group and blank serum group, AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group showed significant changes in ICC proliferation rate (P<0.05,P<0.01). There was a greater increase in ICC proliferation rate of Zhizhuwan group than that of AMR group and Zhizhu group (P<0.05,P<0.01), with no distinct difference between the changes of ICC proliferation rates in AMR group and AFI group. There was no significant difference between the changes of ICC apoptosis rates in AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group than in blank control group and blank serum group. There were significant increases in the expressions of XIAP and PCNA in AMR group, AFI group and Zhizhuwan group than in blank control group and blank serum group (P<0.05,P<0.01), but with little difference among the three groups. Conclusion:At certain concentrations, Zhizhuwan, AFI and AMR all have the effect in improving ICC proliferation by increasing XIAP and PCNA expressions, with no evident effect on the apoptosis of ICC, based on TCM purgation-tonifying therapy, Zhizhuwan has the effect in improving ICC proliferation, with a better effect than single administration with AFI or AMR.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815613

ABSTRACT

@#T细胞免疫球蛋白黏蛋白3(T-cell immunoglobulin mucin 3,TIM-3)是免疫检查点分子之一,表达于多种免疫细胞 及肿瘤细胞。在肿瘤微环境(tumor microenvironment,TME)中,TIM-3 与含其主要配体 Gal-9 的 T 细胞等相互作用,介 导细胞凋亡而参与肿瘤的免疫抑制及其发生发展。抗 TIM-3 抗体抗肿瘤治疗目前处于临床前研究阶段,它可能成为肿 瘤治疗的明星分子。

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776723

ABSTRACT

Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a protein deacetylase, which regulates various physiological activities by deacetylating different protein substrates. An increasing number of studies have revealed critical roles of SIRT1 in different aspects of cancers including metabolism, proliferation, genomic instability, and chemotherapy resistance. Depending on the protein targets in a certain oncogenic context, SIRT1 may play a unique role in each individual blood cancer subtype. Our previous work showed that activation of SIRT1 in primitive leukemia cells of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) promotes disease maintenance. On the other hand, an SIRT1 agonist was shown to disrupt maintenance of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) stem cells and holds promise as a potential therapeutic approach. Herein, we present a concise summary of the different functions of SIRT1 in hematologic malignancies.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 880-891, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771322

ABSTRACT

A simple, robust and highly sensitive TB-ARMS method based on qPCR technique was developed to detect kras mutations. The technique was evaluated, and its clinical application was investigated. Mutation specific primers for eight common kras mutations and wild type gene targeted blockers were designed and optimized. Moreover, a mutant-enriched condition was used in to improve the sensitivity and specificity of mutation detection. Constructed plasmids carrying mutant kras genes, as well as confirmed wild type genomic DNA, were used as standard samples for evaluation of the methodology. The performance of our new method was validated by comparing the results of our method with that of a commercial kras kit in testing 40 clinical samples. Preoperative plasma samples, as well as paired tissue samples, were tested in parallel for evaluation of its clinical application. We have developed a new TB-ARMS method for kras mutation detection that can detect minor mutant alleles with a frequency as low as 0.01% in a heterogeneous sample. We have successfully demonstrated its 0.01% detection sensitivity with highly specific mutant amplification in conjunction with selective wild type suppression by blocker under a mutant-enriched reaction condition. We also showed that our TB-ARMS method was more accurate than the commercial kras kit, which is widely used presently. Furthermore, we have validated our method as an efficient liquid biopsy method, and the results of the plasma DNA detection with our TB-ARMS method were in consistent with the sequencing results of paired tissue samples. In conclusion, our TB-ARMS qPCR method could be effectively applied in kras mutation test for clinical tissue samples, as well as for liquid biopsy samples such as plasma.


Subject(s)
DNA Primers , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Humans , Mutation , Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791852

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safety of liver transplantation recipients with Rh blood group mismatchming .Methods From May 2005 to December 2018 ,1546 cases of liver transplantation in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed . Among these cases ,5 cases of Rh blood group mismatched were Rh(-) recipients receiving Rh(+ ) donor liver .For each Rh blood group mismatched liver transplantation ,5 patients received the same Rh blood group liver allograft were matched according to a certain principle and were defined as Rh-mismatch group and Rh-match group respectively .The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT ) ,aspartate aminotransferase (AST ) and creatinine(SCr)were compared between two groups at Days 7 & 14 post-operation .Serum total bilirubin(TB) ,gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase(GGT)were compared between two groups at Month 1 , 6 & 12 post-operation .Hemoglobin (Hb)were compared between two groups Month 1 ,3 & 6 post-operation . The rates of infection ,vascular complications and acute rejection was also compared . Indirect antiglobulin test (IAT)was used for detecting the production of anti-RhD antibody in patients in Rh-mismatch group at Month 1 ,6 & 12 post-operation .Results At the mentioned time ,no significant inter-group difference existed in serum ALT ,AST ,SCr ,TB ,GGT and blood Hb levels (all P>0 .05);Also ,no significant difference existed in the incidence of infection ,vascular complications or acute rejection(all P> 0 .05) .In Rhmismatch group ,4 recipients received Rh (+ )RBC transfusion during perioperative period and no hemolytic anemia occurred after operation .Rh(D) antibody was negative at all timepoints .Conclusions Taking into account the rarity of Rh-negative blood group in Chinese ,it is safe and feasible to carry out Rh blood group mismatched liver transplantation when donor or recipient with the same Rh blood group is not available .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Zhizhuwan on intestinal conduction and expressions of Phospholipase C-γ1 (PLC-γ1)/Phospholipase C-γ2 (PLC-γ2) signaling pathway of slow transit constipation (STC) with spleen deficiency syndrome. Method:Special pathogen free (SPF) healthy mice were randomly divided into normal group and model making group. Folium Sennae gavage was used to induce the spleen deficiency status, and then diet and drinking water were controlled to establish the mice model of spleen deficiency constipation. After the modeling, the mice in modelling group were randomly divided into model group, Zhizhuwan group and mosapride group. Zhizhuwan group was given drug at the dose of 9.0 g·kg-1·d-1, mosapride group was given 2.5 mg·kg-1·d-1, model group and normal group were given the equal dose of distilled water for 7 consecutive days. At the end of the treatment, the length of Indian ink in the colon was used to calculate the intestinal propulsion rate of the mice. The D-xylose kit was used to determine the content of D-xylose in serum of mice. The hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of colon tissues in mice. The immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of PLC-γ1 and PLC-γ2 proteins in colon tissues of mice. Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of PLC-γ1 and PLC-γ2. Result:Compared with normal group, the intestinal propulsive rate and the serum D-xylose value in model group were significantly decreased (Pγ1 and PLC-γ2 in colon tissues were significantly decreased (PD-xylose in Zhizhuwan group and mosapride group were significantly increased (Pγ1 and PLC-γ2 were significantly increased (PConclusion:Zhizhuwan can promote the intestinal movement in slow transit constipation model mouse with spleen deficiency syndrome, and alleviate the symptoms of constipation in mice. The related mechanism may be related to the increase of the expressions of PLC-γ1 and PLC-γ2 in colon tissues of mice with spleen deficiency and constipation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801477

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the prognostic influencing factors of acute hearing loss after posterior circulation ischemic stroke.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 50 patients with acute hearing loss caused by posterior circulation ischemic stroke in Dalian Central Hospital Affiliated to Dalian Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were followed up for 2 to 37 months, with an average of 30 months. At the last follow-up, hearing recovery was assessed. Patients with complete and partial improvement of hearing were classified as hearing improvement group, and patients with no improvement of hearing were classified as hearing without improvement group.@*Results@#There was 32 cases in hearing improvement group and 18 cases in hearing without improvement group. There were no statistical differences in gender composition, age, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, history of stroke/temporary ischemic attack (TIA), onset to treatment time, hearing loss degree, hearing and vertigo between 2 groups (P>0.05). The proportion of ≥ 2 risk factors in hearing without improvement group was significantly higher than that in hearing improvement group: 17/18 vs. 65.6% (21/32), and there was statistical difference (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Acute hearing loss caused by posterior circulation ischemic stroke has a good prognosis, but the patients with multiple risk factors for stroke have poor hearing recovery.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the safety of liver transplantation recipients with Rh blood group mismatchming.@*Methods@#From May 2005 to December 2018, 1 546 cases of liver transplantation in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Among these cases, 5 cases of Rh blood group mismatched were Rh(-) recipients receiving Rh(+ ) donor liver. For each Rh blood group mismatched liver transplantation, 5 patients received the same Rh blood group liver allograft were matched according to a certain principle and were defined as Rh-mismatch group and Rh-match group respectively. The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST)and creatinine(SCr)were compared between two groups at Days 7 & 14 post-operation. Serum total bilirubin(TB), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase(GGT)were compared between two groups at Month 1, 6 & 12 post-operation. Hemoglobin (Hb)were compared between two groups Month 1, 3 & 6 post-operation. The rates of infection, vascular complications and acute rejection was also compared. Indirect antiglobulin test (IAT)was used for detecting the production of anti-RhD antibody in patients in Rh-mismatch group at Month 1, 6 & 12 post-operation.@*Results@#At the mentioned time, no significant inter-group difference existed in serum ALT, AST, SCr, TB, GGT and blood Hb levels(all P>0.05); Also, no significant difference existed in the incidence of infection, vascular complications or acute rejection(all P>0.05). In Rhmismatch group, 4 recipients received Rh(+ )RBC transfusion during perioperative period and no hemolytic anemia occurred after operation. Rh(D) antibody was negative at all timepoints.@*Conclusions@#Taking into account the rarity of Rh-negative blood group in Chinese, it is safe and feasible to carry out Rh blood group mismatched liver transplantation when donor or recipient with the same Rh blood group is not available.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816230

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer,endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer are common gynecologic malignancies.Recently,with the younger onset age and delay of childbearing,the fertility-sparing treatment has been increasingly used.In the fertility-sparing treatment for gynecologic malignancies,we should protect the fertility of patients without increasing tumor recurrence,which requires the multidisciplinary cooperation to develop individualized treatment strategy,provide optimal reproductive guidance and finally improve the reproductive outcomes.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 613-619, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756045

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the acoustic features of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD),and to explore the correlation between the acoustic features and the severity and course of disease.Methods Fifty-two patients with PD from the Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical University and the Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to the Medical College of Shanghai Jiaotong University from August to December 2015 were enrolled into this study.Thirty-two age-matched healthy people served as control group.PD patients were tested with Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn-Yahr (H-Y) staging.And all the patients were tested with Mini-Mental State Examiantion (MMSE) and Voice Handicap Index (VHI).The voice samples of all subjects were collected and the frequency perturbation (jitter),amplitude perturbation (shimmer),and harmonic-to-noise ratio (NHR) were analyzed using a vocal assessment.Fundamental frequency (F0),standard deviation of fundamental frequency (SDF0) and formant ratio (F2i/F2u) were analyzed using a real-time speech measuring instrument.The acoustic parameters of the two groups were compared and the correlation between the parameters of the patients and the disease and course of disease was analyzed.Results Subjective assessment using VHI showed a total of 24 VHI abnormalities (46%) in the PD group,including 13 males (54%),11 females (46%).No VHI abnormalities were found in the control group.Among the parameters analyzed by objective acoustic method,compared with the control group (female/a/1.43(1.19,1.92),/i/3.39(1.49,9.85),/u/1.46(1.23,3.85);male/a/1.06(0.92,1.89),/u/1.30(1.07,1.64)),the SDF0 of the three vowels of the female patients in the PD group (/a/2.99(1.81,4.12),Z=5.429,P<0.01;/i/10.89(5.47,22.20),Z=8.487,P<0.01;/u/5.16(3.75,7.80),Z=7.138,P<0.01) and /a/ and /u/ of the male patients in the PD group (/a/2.16(1.73,2.94),Z=4.858,P=0.002;/u/3.70(2.41,5.43),Z=7.664,P<0.01) were significantly increased,and the F2i/F2u in the PD group (male 1.96±0.84,female 1.81± 1.14) was lower than that in the control group (male 3.48±0.70,female 4.14± 1.08),and the difference was statistically significant (t=-6.669,-6.844,P<0.01).There were no statistically significant differences in frequency perturbation,amplitude perturbation,harmonic noise ratio and fundamental frequency.Only the fundamental frequency standard deviation of the sound parameters used in the study was correlated with the disease course of PD patients.After the severity of the disease was assessed by H-Y staging,the frequency perturbation (jitter),amplitude perturbation (shimmer) in the middle and late stage patients were higher than those in the early stage patients,and the difference of frequency perturbation in the three vowels was statistically significant,and the difference of amplitude perturbation in the vowels/i/and/u/was statistically significant.No correlation was found between the acoustic parameters and UPDRS score.Conclusions Consonance disorders are common in PD patients,and the changes in acoustic parameters are mainly manifested as the increase in the SDF0 and the decrease in the F2i/F2u.Acoustic parameters can be used as an effective indicator to evaluate the condition and course of PD patients,and further language tasks need to be added to clarify.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755899

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of Qa-1 and PD-L1 loaded artificial liposomal treatment in allograft rejection and its outcomes .Methods The extracellular domains of Qa-1 and PD-L1 were loaded on liposome surface by streptavidin-biotin system . Mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was performed for measuring Qa-1/PD-L1 liposome biological function .Then liposome was co-transplanted with allo-islets via portal vein .The levels of blood glucose and C-peptide were detected daily after transplantation .Also hepatic lymphocytes after transplantation were isolated for determining the proportion of activated cells and signaling pathway changes .Results Artificial liposome could be easily loaded with biotinylated peptide and its diameter was between 50 to 500 nm . Qa-1/PD-L1 liposome could significantly suppress lymphocyte proliferation , activation and secretion of IFN-γ in MLR by an activation of SHP1/2 and an inhibition of Syk pathway .Qa-1/ PD-L1 liposomes could suppress the activation of hepatic lymphocytes in vivo by activating SHP1/2 ,protecting islet allografts and maintaining a normal level of blood glucose in recipients .Conclusions Qa-1/PD-L1 loaded liposome can effectively suppress allograft rejection and improve the outcomes of islet transplantation .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753289

ABSTRACT

[Abstact] Objective To investigate the characteristics of heart rate variability (HRV) of ambulatory electrocardiogram in patients with acute stroke, and evaluate the predictive value of HRV in stroke prognosis. Methods Eighty-three patients acute stroke (study group) and 83 cases of healthy subjects (control group) from October 2016 to October 2017 in Dalian Municipal Central Hospital Affiliated of Dalian Medical University were selected. The 24 h ambulatory electrocardiogram was performed to determine HRV in 2 groups, including standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN), standard deviation of the 5 min mean cycle lengths (SDANN), root-mean-square successive difference (RMSSD) and percentage value of NN50 count (PNN50). Results The SDNN, SDANN, RMSSD and PNN50 in study group were significantly lower than those in control group: (80.83 ± 10.52) ms vs. (148.11 ± 22.59) ms, (79.98 ± 8.89) ms vs. (129.35 ± 5.34) ms, (19.28 ± 4.25) ms vs. (39.57 ± 2.38) ms and (5.91 ± 2.12) % vs. (19.35 ± 12.15) %, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Among the 83 patients with acute stroke, there were no statistical differences in SDNN, SDANN, RMSSD and PNN50 between ischemic stroke (54 cases) and hemorrhagic stroke (29 cases) (P>0.05). The SDNN, SDANN, RMSSD and PNN50 in right stroke (43 cases) were significantly lower than those in left stroke (40 cases): (75.18 ± 2.32) ms vs. (88.12 ± 3.58) ms, (73.36 ± 2.18) ms vs. (85.69 ± 7.29) ms, (17.57 ± 1.67) ms vs. (20.58 ± 4.23) ms and (4.39 ± 1.57) % vs. (8.61 ± 1.12) %, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Patients were followed up for 1 year, 24 died and 59 survived. The SDNN, SDANN, RMSSD and PNN50 in dead patients were significantly lower than those in survived patients: (92.35 ± 4.58) ms vs. (154.37 ± 4.65) ms, (76.23 ± 4.03) ms vs. (143.95 ± 4.34) ms, (7.43 ± 2.12) ms vs. (31.65 ± 1.52) ms and (2.35 ± 0.46) % vs. (11.65 ± 0.48) % , and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Conclusions The autonomic nervous function of patients with acute stroke is seriously unbalanced, with increased sympathetic excitability and decreased vagus excitability. The decrease of HRV can easily induce cardiac events and seriously affect the prognosis.

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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847039

ABSTRACT

Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a protein deacetylase, which regulates various physiological activities by deacetylating different protein substrates. An increasing number of studies have revealed critical roles of SIRT1 in different aspects of cancers including metabolism, proliferation, genomic instability, and chemotherapy resistance. Depending on the protein targets in a certain oncogenic context, SIRT1 may play a unique role in each individual blood cancer subtype. Our previous work showed that activation of SIRT1 in primitive leukemia cells of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) promotes disease maintenance. On the other hand, an SIRT1 agonist was shown to disrupt maintenance of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) stem cells and holds promise as a potential therapeutic approach. Herein, we present a concise summary of the different functions of SIRT1 in hematologic malignancies.

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