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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 38-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013604

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of quercetin on the aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells established under microgravity. Methods Using 3D gyroscope, a aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was constructed, and after receiving quercetin and microgravity treatment, the anti-aging effect of the quercetin was evaluated by detecting related proteins and oxidation indexes. Results Compared to the control group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the microgravity group significantly increased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly decreased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the microgravity group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly decreased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly increased (P <0.05), SOD content significantly decreased and MDA content significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared to the microgravity group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the quercetin group significantly decreased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the quercetin group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly increased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly decreased (P<0.05), SOD content significantly increased and MDA content significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions Quercetin can resist oxidation, protect mitochondrial function and normal cell cycle, thus delaying the aging of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induced by microgravity.

2.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 30-35, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012651

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the infection and genotypes of Wolbachia in Aedes albopictus. MethodsAdult and larval samples of Aedes albopictus were collected from different residential and wild areas from 2020 to 2021, Wolbachia surface protein (wsp) gene was amplified and genotyped for wAlbA and wAlbB by PCR, and sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. The difference of detection rate among different habitats, male and female adult mosquitoes, adult and larvae was compared by χ2 analysis. ResultsThe detection rate of Wolbachia in adult and larvae of Aedes albopictus were 43.5% (77/177) and 70.4% (190/270), respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=32.086,P<0.001), and wAlbA and wAlbB were mainly detected together. The detection rate of Wolbachia in female and male Aedes albopictus were 50.7% (76/150) and 3.7% (1/27), respectively, with a statistically significant difference(χ2=20.533,P<0.001). The detection rate of adult Aedes albopictus in Songjiang wild area, residential area and Hongkou residential area were 91.7% (55/60), 18.8% (22/117) and 41.7% (30/72), respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=54.322,P<0.001). Genotyping and phylogenetic analysis showed that adult and larvae of Aedes albopictus infected with Wolbachia were mainly wAlb A and wAlb B. In addition, some sequences formed clades independently, and the genetic distance from other sequences was relatively large. ConclusionInfection of Wolbachia in Aedes albopictus is relatively common in Songjiang District. The main genotypes are wAlb A and wAlb B and there may be other subtypes, which are worthy of further exploration and research.

3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 4-14, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011010

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharides, predominantly extracted from traditional Chinese medicinal herbs such as Lycium barbarum, Angelica sinensis, Astragalus membranaceus, Dendrobium officinale, Ganoderma lucidum, and Poria cocos, represent principal bioactive constituents extensively utilized in Chinese medicine. These compounds have demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory capabilities, especially anti-liver injury activities, while exhibiting minimal adverse effects. This review summarized recent studies to elucidate the hepatoprotective efficacy and underlying molecular mechanisms of these herbal polysaccharides. It underscored the role of these polysaccharides in regulating hepatic function, enhancing immunological responses, and improving antioxidant capacities, thus contributing to the attenuation of hepatocyte apoptosis and liver protection. Analyses of molecular pathways in these studies revealed the intricate and indispensable functions of traditional Chinese herbal polysaccharides in liver injury management. Therefore, this review provides a thorough examination of the hepatoprotective attributes and molecular mechanisms of these medicinal polysaccharides, thereby offering valuable insights for the advancement of polysaccharide-based therapeutic research and their potential clinical applications in liver disease treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Liver Diseases/drug therapy , Antioxidants , Polysaccharides/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 275-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997681

ABSTRACT

Hepatic fibrosis is a common complication of chronic liver disease, seriously affecting patients' quality of life and leading to severe consequences such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. Modern medicine has made progress in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis, while it still faces certain challenges and limitations. Therefore, seeking new therapeutic strategies is of great clinical significance. The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway plays a role in regulating inflammation and immune responses. Recent studies have shown that the NF-κB signaling pathway plays a key role in the occurrence and development of hepatic fibrosis. The abnormal activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway leads to the overexpression of genes related to liver inflammation and fibrosis, thereby promoting the development of hepatic fibrosis. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a traditional treatment method with unique advantages and potential. In recent years, increasing studies have proved that TCM can treat hepatic fibrosis by regulating the NF-κB signaling pathway. The active ingredients in Chinese herbal medicines can intervene in the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway to inhibit inflammatory responses, thereby reducing the severity of hepatic fibrosis. This article reviews the mechanisms of TCM in treating hepatic fibrosis via the NF-κB signaling pathway and evaluates the efficacy and discusses the clinical application prospects of relevant Chinese herbs and formulae, aiming to provide references for further research and clinical practice.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 530-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the ocular clinical features and pathogenic genes of Alstr?m syndrome (ALMS).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From October 2020 to July 2022, 3 patients and 5 normal family members from 2 families affected with ALMS who visited in the Ophthalmology Department of Henan Children's Hospital were enrolled in the study. These 2 families were without blood relationship. The medical history and family history were inquired. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus color photography, full-field electroretinogram (ERG), frequency domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and systemic examination were performed. 3 ml peripheral venous blood of patients and their family members were collected, and the whole genomic DNA was extracted. The second generation sequencing analysis was performed on these members. The suspected pathogenic mutation sites were verified by Sanger, and the pathogenicity of the gene mutation sites were determined by bioinformatics analysis.Results:Three patients from two families all developed nystagmus and photophobia in infancy. In the family 1, the BCVA of both eyes of the proband was no light perception. The fundus examination revealed vascular attenuation and retinal pigment abnormality. OCT showed retinal thinning, loss of photoreceptor layer and atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium layer. ERG examination showed extinguished. The BCVA of the proband’s younger brother was 0.04 in the right eye and 0.02 in the left eye. The fundus examination revealed vascular attenuation but the pigment distribution was roughly normal. OCT showed blurred photoreceptor layers in both eyes. ERG examination showed extinguished. Two patients developed sensorineural deafness, obesity, acanthosis nigricans, insulin resistance/diabetes, and abnormal liver function. In addition, the proband also had left heart enlargement, hyperlipidemia and abnormal kidney function. The results of genetic testing showed that the proband and his younger brother had compound heterozygous mutations in exon 8 (c.1894C>T/p.Gln632*, M1) and exon 10 (c.9148_9149delCT/p.Leu 3050 Leufs*9, M2) of ALMS1, which were both known mutations. The father of the proband was a carrier of M1 and the mother of the proband was a carrier of M2. The proband of the family 2 had a normal fundus at 23 months old. The amplitude of ERG b wave under the stimulation of the dark adaptation 0.01 and a, b wave under the stimulation of dark adaptation 0.3 were all mild reduced. The amplitude of ERG a, b wave under the stimulation of the light adaptation 0.3 was severity decreased. At 4 years old, the BCVA was 0.01 in the right eye and 0.05 in the left eye. The fundus examination revealed vascular attenuation and bilateral blunted foveal reflex. In addition to severely diminished of a, b wave under the stimulation of dark adaptation 0.3, the rest showed extinguished. There were no systemic abnormalities. The results of genetic testing showed that the proband had compound heterozygous mutations in exon 11 (c.9627delT/p.Pro3210Glnfs*22, M3) and exon 5 (c.1089delT/p.Asp364Ilefs*13, M4) of ALMS1, which were both novel mutations. The father of the proband was a carrier of M3 and the mother of the proband was a carrier of M4. Conclusions:Nystagmus and photophobia are often the first clinical manifestations of ALMS. In the early stage, the fundus can be basically normal. As the disease progresses, the fundus examination reveals vascular attenuation and retinal pigment abnormality, and the reflection of the fovea is unclear. OCT shows the photoreceptor cell layers are blurred or even lost. The final ERG is extinguished. M1, M2, and M3, M4 compound heterozygous mutations may be the pathogeny for family 1 and family 2, respectively.

6.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994672

ABSTRACT

The review focuses upon the mechanism of exosome derived from mesenchymal stem cells in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI)to provide references for clinical application of exosomes in alleviating hepatic IRI.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 434-438, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the skin thickness in patients with erysipelas by high-frequency ultrasonography (HF-USG), and to compare the clinical efficacy of systemic antibiotics alone versus their combination with glucocorticoids in the treatment of erysipelas.Methods:Hospitalized patients with erysipelas were enrolled from Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University from January to December in 2021, and randomly divided into the study group and control group according to the order of visits. The study group was treated with systemic cefathiamidine for 7 days followed by oral methylprednisolone at a dose of 0.4 mg·kg -1·d -1, while the control group was treated with cefathiamidine alone. Before and after the treatment for 10 days, the thicknesses of the epidermis-dermis layers and subcutaneous tissues were measured by HF-USG at the sites of the most severe skin lesions on the affected limbs and at the corresponding sites on the healthy limbs, and white blood cell (WBC) counts, neutrophil (NEU) counts, as well as C-reaction protein (CRP) levels were determined. The t test and non-parametric test were used to compare the efficacy between two groups. Results:A total of 23 patients with erysipelas were enrolled. Among the 12 patients in the study group, 8 were males and 4 were females, and their age was 71.4 ± 11.4 years. Among the 11 patients in the control group, 7 were males and 4 were females, and their age was 67.4 ± 11.1 years. Before treatment, the thicknesses of the epidermis-dermis layers (0.33 ± 0.12 cm) and subcutaneous tissues (1.08 ± 0.49 cm) in the study group were not significantly different from those in the control group (0.25 ± 0.09 cm, 0.98 ± 0.46 cm; t = -1.83, -0.49, P = 0.081, 0.626, respectively). After the 10-day treatment, the thicknesses of the epidermis-dermis layers and subcutaneous tissues of the skin lesions on the affected limbs significantly decreased in both groups compared with those before treatment (both P < 0.05), and the decrease in the thicknesses of subcutaneous tissues was significantly stronger in the study group (0.32 ± 0.33 cm) than in the control group (0.10 ± 0.07 cm; t = 2.20, P = 0.039). Before treatment, the WBC counts ([11.16 ± 4.42] × 10 9/L), NEU counts ([8.26 ± 4.16] × 10 9/L) and CRP levels (median [ Q1, Q3]: 72.20 [19.28, 140.50] mg/L) in the study group were not significantly different from those in the control group ([10.10 ± 4.53] × 10 9/L, [7.21 ± 3.00] × 10 9/L, 34.40 [8.00, 74.20] mg/L, respectively; t or Z = 0.60, 0.71, -0.85, P = 0.578, 0.496, 0.196, respectively). After the 10-day treatment, the WBC counts, NEU counts, and CRP levels significantly decreased in both groups compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.05) . Conclusion:The combined treatment with systemic antibiotics and glucocorticoids could effectively alleviate skin inflammation, and more rapidly reduce the thicknesses of inflamed subcutaneous tissues in patients with erysipelas compared with systemic antibiotics alone.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 781-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative serum albumin concentrations and postoperative delirium (POD) in the patients undergoing total knee/hip arthroplasty.Methods:Five hundred patients of both sexes, aged 50-90 yr, with body mass index of 50-80 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing elective total knee or hip replacement under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in our hospital from December 2021 to December 2022, were selected. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected after successful subarachnoid puncture for determination of amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42), total tau protein (T-tau) and phosphorylated tau protein (P-tau) concentrations using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Confusion Assessment Method and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale were used to evaluate the occurrence and severity of POD at 1-7 days after surgery (or before discharge), and the patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group (NPOD group). Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD. The accuracy of plasma albumin concentration and CSF biomarker concentration in predicting POD was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the mediating effect of CSF biomarker was analyzed.Results:A total of 343 patients were finally enrolled in the study, and the incidence of POD was 23.3%. There were statistically significant differences in age, preoperative plasma albumin concentration and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale score in POD group as compared with NPOD group ( P<0.05). Before and after adjusting for confounding factors, decreased plasma albumin and increased concentrations of P-tau and T-tau in CSF before operation were the risk factors for POD, and increased concentrations of Aβ42, Aβ42/P-tau and Aβ42/T-tau ratio in CSF were protective factors for POD. The area under the ROC curve of preoperative plasma albumin concentrations in predicting POD was 0.668, and the area under the ROC curve of preoperative plasma albumin concentrations combined with CSF biomarker concentrations in predicting POD was 0.810 ( P<0.05). The direct effect of plasma albumin on POD was -0.009 869 2, the total effect was 0.029 443 7, and the mediating effect of P-tau accounted for 33.53% of the total effect. Conclusions:Decreased preoperative plasma albumin concentration is a risk factor for POD, and P-Tau in CSF serves as a key mediator in the relationship between serum albumin concentrations and postoperative delirium in the patients undergoing total knee/hip arthroplasty.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 230-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993313

ABSTRACT

Liver ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is one of the main causes of liver dysfunction or functional failure after liver transplantation or liver resection. As the main organ of lipid metabolism, liver is closely related to lipid metabolic balance. Lipoxygenase is a non-heme iron-containing oxidases that oxidizes polyunsaturated fatty acids to produce hydroxy-eicosanotetraenoic acid. Lipoxygenase is excessively expressed during liver ischemia, causing lipid metabolic disorders. High expression of several proinflammatory cytokines induced by lipoxygenase during liver reperfusion. Lipid peroxidation induced by lipoxygenase leads to the production of lipid oxygen free radicals, which induces iron death mainly characterized by lipid peroxidation, thus affecting apoptosis and tissue damage. This review mainly introduces the latest progress of lipoxygenase in liver IRI.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 482-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Cognitive deficit is a com-mon comorbidity in temporal lobe epilepsy(TLE)and that is not well controlled by current therapeutics.Currently,how epileptic seizure affects cognitive performance remains largely unclear.The subiculum is the major out-put of the hippocampus,which projects to entorhinal cor-tex and other more distinct brain regions.Physiologically,the subiculum codes spatial working memory and naviga-tion information including place,speed,and trajectory.Importantly,prior studies have noted the importance of the subiculum in the beginning,spreading,and generaliz-ing process of hippocampal seizure.How seizure-activated neurons in subiculum participate in cognitive impairment remains largely elusive.METHODS In this study,we sought to label the subicular seizure-activated c-fos+ neu-rons with a special promoter with enhanced synaptic activity-responsive element E-SARE in the subiculum,combined with chemogenetics and designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs(DREADDs),Ca2+ fiber photometry approaches,and behavioral tasks,to reveal the role of these neurons in cognitive impairment in epilepsy.RESULTS We found that chemogenetic inhibi-tion of subicular seizure-tagged c-fos+ neurons(mainly CaMK Ⅱ α+ glutamatergic neurons)alleviates seizure generalization and improves cognitive performance in the hippocampal CA3 kindling TLE model.While inhibition of seizure-labeled c-fos+ GABAergic interneuron shows no effect on seizure and cognition.As a comparison,che-mogenetic inhibition of the whole subicular CaMK Ⅱ α+ neuron impairs cognitive function in na?ve mice in basal condition.Notably,inhibition of subicular seizure-tagged c-fos+ neurons enhances the recruitment of cognition-responsive c-fos+ neurons via increasing neural excitability during cognition tasks.CONCLUSION Our results dem-onstrate that subicular seizure-activated c-fos+ neurons contribute to cognitive impairment in TLE,suggesting sei-zure-tagged c-fos+ neurons as the potential therapeutic target to alleviate cognitive impairment in TLE.

11.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 415-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on the effect of "stomach ten acupuncture" combined with domperidone tablets on clinical symptoms and sleep quality of gastrointestinal neurosis patients with insomnia based on the theory of "stomach harmonious leading to restless".Methods:Randomized controlled trial. From March 2020 to March 2021, 98 patients with gastrointestinal neurosis and insomnia in our hospital who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into two groups, with 49 patients in each group. The control group took domperidone tablets orally, and the observation group was treated with "stomach ten acupuncture" on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, TCM syndromes were scored, the severity of gastrointestinal symptoms was assessed with Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), anxiety and depression were assessed with Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and sleep quality was assessed with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale (PSQI).Results:After treatment, the scores and total scores of epigastric pain, belching, abdominal distension, anorexia, noisy acid regurgitation, tiredness and asthenia, constipation and loose stools in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 19.61, 19.30, 23.10, 22.05, 20.43, 21.81, 20.51, 16.38, respectively, P<0.01); the scores and total scores of typical symptoms, abdominal pain symptoms, reflux symptoms, diarrhea symptoms, constipation symptoms were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 10.10, 11.14, 11.04, 9.31, 11.24, 5.30, respectively, P<0.01); HAMA and HAMD scores were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 6.96 and 6.85, respectively, P<0.01). The scores of time to fall asleep (1.15 ± 0.56 vs. 2.11 ± 0.75, t=7.18), time to sleep (0.92 ± 0.63 vs. 1.52 ± 1.12, t=3.27), sleep quality (1.02 ± 0.66 vs. 1.96 ± 0.80, t=6.35), sleep efficiency (0.86 ± 0.62 vs. 1.68 ± 0.85, t=5.46), sleep disorders (0.92 ± 0.36 vs. 1.48 ± 0.55, t=5.96), daytime dysfunction (0.96 ± 0.42 vs. 1.97 ± 0.87, t=7.32), hypnotics (0.98 ± 0.45 vs. 1.81 ± 0.62, t=7.58) and total scores (6.85 ± 1.47 vs. 12.73 ± 2.95, t=12.49) were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The "stomach ten acupuncture" combined with domperidone tablets can improve the clinical symptoms and sleep quality of gastrointestinal neurosis patients with insomnia.

12.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 168-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum albumin and hypoalbuminemia (HA) and the outcome after endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (EMT) in patients with stroke caused by acute anterior circulation large vessel occlusion.Methods:Stroke patients caused by acute anterior circulation large vessel occlusion received EMT treatment at the Department of Emergency Stroke, the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from June 2020 to August 2022 were retrospectively included. The demographic information, baseline clinical data, endovascular treatment parameters, and clinical outcomes of the patients were collected. HA was defined as serum albumin <35 g/L within 24 h of admission, and poor outcome was defined as the modified Rankin Scale score >2 at 90 d after onset. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent influencing factors for poor outcomes. Results:A total of 177 patients were included, with a median age of 66 years, and 126 (71.19%) were males. Thirty-nine patients (22.03%) had HA, and 119 (67.23%) had poor outcomes. The proportion of pulmonary infection in the HA group was significantly higher than that in the non-HA group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lower serum albumin (odds ratio [ OR] 4.102, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.316-16.451; P=0.028), postprocedural neurological deterioration ( OR 6.326, 95% CI 1.263-48.318; P=0.042) and pulmonary infection ( OR 5.873, 95% CI 1.028-24.452; P=0.018) were significantly independently associated with the poor outcomes. Conclusions:The HA group has a higher incidence of postprocedural pulmonary infection. Lower serum albumin, postprocedural neurological deterioration and pulmonary infection are the independent risk factors for the poor outcomes in patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke who had successful recanalization after EMT.

13.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 397-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989103

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to explore the impact of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19)on the hospitalization of children with bronchiolitis and to improve clinicians′ understanding of the characteristics of bronchiolitis during the COVID-19 epidemic.Methods:This was a multicenter clinical study, and the data have been collected from 23 children′s medical centers in China.All the clinical data were retrospectively collected from children with bronchiolitis who were hospitalized at each study center from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021.The results included gender, age at hospitalization, length of stay, respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) test results, severity rating, ICU treatment, and the total number of children hospitalized with respiratory tract infection during the same period.The clinical data of children with bronchiolitis in 2019 before COVID-19 epidemic and in 2020、2021 during COVID-19 epidemic were statistically analyzed and compared.Results:According to a summary of data provided by 23 children′s medical centers, there were 4 909 cases of bronchiolitis in 2019, 2 654 cases in 2020, and 3 500 cases in 2021.Compared with 2019, the number of bronchiolitis cases decreased by 45.94% in 2020 and 28.70% in 2021.In 2019, 2020 and 2021, there were no significant differences in gender ratio, age, and duration of hospitalization.Compared with 2019, the ratio of bronchiolitis to the total number of hospitalizations for respiratory tract infection decreased significantly in 2020 and 2021( χ2=12.762, P<0.05; χ2=84.845, P<0.05).The proportion of moderate to severe bronchiolitis cases in both 2020 and 2021 was lower than that in 2019, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.054, P<0.05; χ2=8.109, P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of bronchiolitis cases requiring ICU treatment between 2019, 2020, and 2021 ( χ2=1.914, P>0.05).In 2019, a total of 52.60%(2 582/4 909) of children with bronchiolitis underwent RSV pathogen testing, and among them, there were 708 cases with RSV positive, accounting for 28.00%.In 2020, 54.14%(1 437/2 654) of children with bronchiolitis underwent RSV pathogen testing, and there were 403 cases with RSV positive, accounting for 28.04%.In 2021, 66.80%(2 238/3 500) of children with bronchiolitis underwent RSV pathogen testing, and there were 935 cases with RSV positive, accounting for 41.78%.Compared with 2019 and 2020, the RSV positive rate in 2021 showed a significant increase( χ2=99.673, P<0.05; χ2=71.292, P<0.05). Conclusion:During the COVID-19 epidemic, the implementation of epidemic prevention and control measures reduced the hospitalization rate and severity of bronchiolitis, but did not reduce the positive rate of RSV detection.

14.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1203-1208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003801

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether sarcopenia before concurrent chemoradiotherapy is prone to grade≥3 acute adverse reactions (AAR) and shorten survival in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods Data of advanced patients with pathologically diagnosed ESCC and CCRT (FP regimen) from August 2018 to July 2022 were reviewed retrospectively.Skeletal muscle mass and body composition were measured using pre-treatment CT images, and patients were divided into sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia groups.Grade≥3 AAR was diagnosed based on CTCAE5.0 and acute radiation injury criteria of the US RTOG.Risk factors for developing grade≥3 AAR were analyzed, and survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Results Among 132 patients with ESCC (87 in the sarcopenia group and 45 in the non-sarcopenia group), 23(17.4%) experienced grade≥3 AAR.In multivariate regression analysis, independent risk factors for grade ≥3 AAR included the following: sarcopenia (OR: 6.034, 95%CI: 1.206-30.190, P=0.029), decreased SMD (OR: 0.693, 95%CI: 0.492-0.976, P=0.036), decreased SMI (OR: 0.841, 95%CI: 0.721-0.982, P=0.028), and increased FMI (OR: 2.433, 95%CI: 1.194-4.958;P=0.014).The OS rates were 16.01 months (95%CI: 14.89-17.13) in the sarcopenia group and 19.27 months (95%CI: 14.45-24.09) in the non-sarcopenia group (χ2=5.326, P=0.021) as well as 14.86 months (95%CI: 11.30-18.42) for patients with grade≥3 AAR and 16.67 months (95%CI: 14.91-18.43) for patients with grade 0-2 AAR (χ2=5.47, P=0.019).Among patients with grade≥3 AAR, the OS rates were 12.13 months (95%CI: 10.15-14.11) in the sarcopenia group and 18.69 months (95%CI: 12.85-21.88) in the non-sarcopenia group (χ2=4.466, P=0.035). Conclusion Sarcopenia, decreased skeletal muscle density, and increased fat mass are important predictors of grade≥3 AAR.The OS of patients with sarcopenia and grade≥3 AAR may be reduced.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 357-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015218

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To investigate the relationship between the Han, Zhuang and the World populations by comparing the frequency of dental non-metric traits. Methods From 2015 to 2019, ten dental non-metric traits were sampled from He’nan, Jiangsu and Guangxi Zhuang Autonmous Region, with sample size of 1785(674 He’ nan, 547 Jiangsu, 388 Guangxi Han, 176 Guangxi Zhuang). Principal component analysis, multidimensional scaling and neighbor network were carried out. Results East Asian populations could be clearly divided into two major groups, Northeast Asian and Southeast Asian. Han and Zhuang populations were close to the Northeast Asian populations, but were far from the Southeast Asian populations. There were also some north-south differences within Han populations. Conclusion Both Sundadonty and Sinodonty are existed in East Asian populations. Han and Zhuang populations dental non-metric traits are closer to the Sinodonty.

16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 567-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015186

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To explore the relationship between supratentorial area (STA), posterior fossa area (PFA) and intracranial area (ICA) of normal adult Tibetans with age and gender. Methods The subjects of this study were native Tibetan adults living in Lhasa. Totally 158 sample populations were between the ages of 20 and 59 years, with an average age (36. 60 ± 10. 75) years, including 64 males and 94 females. Siemens MAGNETOM ESSENZA 1. 5T magnetic resonance scanner was used to scan with 3D-fSPGR sequence, and the images obtained by scanning were stored in DICOM format and imported into 3D Medical medical image processing software, and region of interest was delineated by using the software’s own toolkit. STA, PFA and ICA were measured on T1WI mid-sagittal imaging, and the ratios of PFA / STA, STA / ICA and PFA / ICA were calculated. In order to eliminate the influence of individual differences in skull size on brain structure, this paper corrected the STA and PFA with the same level of ICA, and obtained the relativity of supratentorial area (RSTA) and relativity of posterior fossa area (RPFA). Results The STA was (127. 91 ± 9. 84) cm

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 620-627, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015163

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To elucidate the important role of Nogo-A in climacteric neurodegeneration such as memory impairment by observing memory function and the expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum of rats under low estrogen condition. Methods Fouthy-five female SD rats were divided into sham operation group, ovariectomized group and ovariectomized estrogen treatment group with 15 rats in each group. Medication was given 2 weeks after ovariectomized. Estrogen treatment group was subcutaneously injected in groin with estrogen [25 μg/ (kg.d)] dissolved in sterile sesame oil. The sham operation group and the ovariectomized group were given the same amount of aseptic sesame oil. Samples were collected after 6 weeks of drug treatment. The difference of memory function of rats in three groups was observed by conditioned fear training experiment, and the expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum was observed by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results Compared with the sham and estrogen treatment group, memory function in ovariectomized group decreased significantly and the number of Nogo-A positive neurons in hippocampus and striatum of ovariectomized rats was significantly higher than that of sham operation group (P 0. 05). The result of immunoblotting was consistent with the above-mentioned immunohistochemical result. Conclusion The increased expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum under low estrogen condition may be one of the key reasons for memory impairment in climacteric women.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1043-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014710

ABSTRACT

AIM: By analyzing the teicoplannin serum concentration in patients with severe infection and comparing the monitoring results in patients with hyperrenal function and non-hyperrenal function, to provide reference for clinical rational drug use. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 64 patients admitted to the department of critical care medicine of a tertiary level hospital from August 2019 to March 2021, and statistical analysis was performed on the monitoring results of teicoplannin, together with medication information and other biochemical indicators of these patients. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients had total 110 times of drug monitoring. 32.7% of ICU patients had renal hyperfunction, and the average serum concentration was 13.6 mg/L. Nearly half of blood concentrations of the monitored patients could not reach the therapeutic target of teicoplanin. For patients without argumented real clearance, increasing the maintenance dose of teicoplanin can significantly increase the blood concentration. While for those with argumented real clearance, the blood concentration of teicoplanin had no significant difference in different maintenance dose groups. Further correlation study found that the serum concentration of teicoplanin in patients with argumented real clearance was significantly positively correlated to cystatin C level, and significantly negatively correlated to albumin level. CONCLUSION: The incidence of renal hyperfunction in ICU patients is high, and the maintenance dose of teicoplanin 600 mg may not be effective for severe infection. To improve the effect of teicoplanin in severe patients, the drug concentration should be monitored to adjust the dose.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 642-648, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012206

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prognostic factors of extracellular NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL) treated with pegaspargase/L-asparaginase. Methods: The clinical data of 656 ENKTL patients diagnosed at 11 medical centers in the Huaihai Lymphoma Working Group from March 2014 to April 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: a training set (460 cases) and a validation set (196 cases) at 7∶3, and the prognostic factors of the patients were analyzed. A prognostic scoring system was established, and the predictive performance of different models was compared. Results: Patients' median age was 46 (34, 57) years, with 456 males (69.5% ) and 561 nasal involvement (85.5% ). 203 patients (30.9% ) received a chemotherapy regimen based on L-asparaginase combined with anthracyclines, and the 5-year overall survival rate of patients treated with P-GEMOX regimen (pegaspargase+gemcitabine+oxaliplatin) was better than those treated with SMILE regimen (methotrexate+dexamethasone+cyclophosphamide+L-asparaginase+etoposide) (85.9% vs 63.8% ; P=0.004). The results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, CA stage, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) score, HGB, and EB virus DNA were independent influencing factors for the prognosis of ENKTL patients (P<0.05). In this study, the predictive performance of the prognostic factors is superior to the international prognostic index, Korean prognostic index, and prognostic index of natural killer lymphoma. Conclusion: Gender, CA stage, ECOG PS score, HGB, and EB virus DNA are prognostic factors for ENKTL patients treated with pegaspargase/L-asparaginase.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Asparaginase/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Etoposide , Cyclophosphamide , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , DNA/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3862-3875, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011146

ABSTRACT

Enzyme-driven micro/nanomotors consuming in situ chemical fuels have attracted lots of attention for biomedical applications. However, motor systems composed by organism-derived organics that maximize the therapeutic efficacy of enzymatic products remain challenging. Herein, swimming proteomotors based on biocompatible urease and human serum albumin are constructed for enhanced antitumor therapy via active motion and ammonia amplification. By decomposing urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia, the designed proteomotors are endowed with self-propulsive capability, which leads to improved internalization and enhanced penetration in vitro. As a glutamine synthetase inhibitor, the loaded l-methionine sulfoximine further prevents the conversion of toxic ammonia into non-toxic glutamine in both tumor and stromal cells, resulting in local ammonia amplification. After intravesical instillation, the proteomotors achieve longer bladder retention and thus significantly inhibit the growth of orthotopic bladder tumor in vivo without adverse effects. We envision that the as-developed swimming proteomotors with amplification of the product toxicity may be a potential platform for active cancer treatment.

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