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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912991

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the effectiveness and safety of preoperative lung localization by microcoil and anchor with scaled suture. Methods    A total of 286 patients underwent CT-guided puncture localization consecutively between October 2019 and December 2020 in our hospital. According to the different methods of localization, they were divided into a microcoil group (n=139, including 49 males and 90 females, aged 57.92±10.51 years) and an anchor group (n=147, including 53 males and 94 females, aged 56.68±11.31 years). The clinical data of the patients were compared. Results    A total of 173 nodules were localized in the microcoil group, and 169 nodules in the anchor group. The localization success rate was similar in the two groups. However, the anchor group was significantly better than the microcoil group in the localization time (8.15±2.55 min vs. 9.53±3.08 min, P=0.001), the pathological receiving time (30.46±14.41 min vs. 34.96±19.75 min, P=0.029), and the hemoptysis rate (10.7% vs. 30.1%, P=0.001), but the pneumothorax rate was higher in the anchor group (21.3% vs. 11.0%, P=0.006). Conclusion    Preoperative localization of small pulmonary nodules using anchor with suture is practical and safe. Due to its simplicity and convenience, it is worth of promotion in the clinic.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 841-856, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939846

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a common and severe brain disease affecting >65 million people worldwide. Recent studies have shown that kinesin superfamily motor protein 17 (KIF17) is expressed in neurons and is involved in regulating the dendrite-targeted transport of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NR2B). However, the effect of KIF17 on epileptic seizures remains to be explored. We found that KIF17 was mainly expressed in neurons and that its expression was increased in epileptic brain tissue. In the kainic acid (KA)-induced epilepsy mouse model, KIF17 overexpression increased the severity of epileptic activity, whereas KIF17 knockdown had the opposite effect. In electrophysiological tests, KIF17 regulated excitatory synaptic transmission, potentially due to KIF17-mediated NR2B membrane expression. In addition, this report provides the first demonstration that KIF17 is modified by SUMOylation (SUMO, small ubiquitin-like modifier), which plays a vital role in the stabilization and maintenance of KIF17 in epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epilepsy/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Seizures/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay for the detection of NPM1 type A mutation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to evaluate its specificity, sensitivity and its value in clinical application.@*METHODS@#NPM1 mutant and wildtype plasmids were used to verify the performance of ddPCR. Both ddPCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the bone marrow samples of 87 AML patients, which were confirmed by next generation sequencing (NGS). Moreover, NPM1 mutation burden was dynamically monitored in five patients by ddPCR.@*RESULTS@#The limit of blank (LOB) of ddPCR established for NPM1 mutation detection was 1.1 copies/μl, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 2.43 copies/μl, which had good linearity. Among the 87 newly diagnosed AML patients, ddPCR identified seventeen cases positive for NPM1 mutation (19.5%), which was consistent with Sanger sequencing. NGS confirmed 12 positive cases, including 8 of type A mutations, 2 of type D mutations, and 2 of rare type mutations. The results of dynamic monitoring of NPM1 mutation burden in 5 patients showed that the NPM1 mutation burden decreased obviously even close to 0, when patients achieve complete remission after chemotherapy. However, the mutation burden was increased again at the time of relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we established a ddPCR method for detection of NPM1 mutation with good sensitivity and repeatability, which can be used for screening NPM1 mutation in newly diagnosed AML patients and for minimal residual disease monitoring after remission in positive AML patients to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932322

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term therapeutic effects of Gamma 3 U-Blade system and Gamma 3 nails in the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:The data of 70 elderly patients with osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture were retrospectively analyzed who had been admitted to the Department of Orthopedics, Wuhan Fourth Hospital from June 2018 to December 2020. They were divided into 2 groups according to their treatments. In the U-Blade group of 35 cases subjected to fixation with Gamma 3 U-Blade system, there were 14 males and 21 females with an age of (77.7 ± 4.8) years; in the Gamma 3 nail group of 35 cases subjected to fixation with Gamma 3 nails, there were 14 males and 21 females with an age of (79.3 ± 5.2) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, apex distance, fracture union time, postoperative complications, timed up and go (TUG) at postoperative 2 weeks, 3 months and 6 months, and hip function at postoperative 9 months.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference either in operation time, intraoperative blood loss or apex distance between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The fracture union time [(12.0 ± 0.2) weeks] and Harris hip score at postoperative 9 months [90 (90, 91)] in the U-Blade group were insignificantly different from those in the Gamma 3 nail group [(12.0 ± 0.3) weeks and 91 (89, 91)] ( P>0.05). The rate of implant-related complications in the U-Blade group [0% (0/35)] was significantly lower than that in the Gamma 3 nail group [17.1% (6/35)] and the TUGs at postoperative 2 weeks and 3 months [(80.2 ± 3.6) s and 45 (43, 49) s] in the former were significantly shorter than those in the latter [(89.3 ± 4.2) s and 56 (54, 59) s] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture, compared with traditional Gamma 3 nails, Gamma 3 U-Blade system can reduce implant-related complications and facilitate early recovery of walking ability.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 327-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the efficacy of arthroscopic medullary decompression combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of bone marrow edema of the talus.Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 17 patients with bone marrow edema of the talus admitted to Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2018 to July 2020. There were 11 males and 6 females, with the age range of 15-56 years [(45.7±4.3)years]. All patients were subjected to arthroscopic medullary decompression combined with the administration of PRP. Operation time and wound healing were recorded. Maximum area of bone marrow edema was measured by MRI preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Ankle range of motion (ROM), visual analog score (VAS) and American Association of Foot and Ankle Surgery (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score were measured preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Complications were also detected.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-41 months [(16.7±2.1)months]. Operation time was 45.2-68.5 minutes [(53.4±12.4)minutes]. All wounds were healed at stage I. The maximum area of bone marrow edema decreased from (28.2±6.9)mm 2 preoperatively to (16.3±5.7)mm 2 at 6 months postoperatively and to (7.1±1.7)mm 2 at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). Ankle ROM increased from (52.2±8.9)° preoperatively to (72.3±3.1)° at 6 months postoperatively and to (83.1±2.8)° at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). VAS decreased from (8.2±0.6)points preoperatively to (6.5±0.4)points at 6 months postoperatively and to (3.1±0.8)points at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score increased from (32.4±4.8)points preoperatively to (54.4±6.5)points at 6 months postoperatively and to (88.7±4.3)points at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). There were significant differences in maximum area of bone marrow edema of the talus, ankle ROM, VAS and AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score at 12 months postoperatively when compared with those at 6 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). One patient showed the symptom of localized skin numbness postoperatively, and improved with nerve nutrition therapy. Conclusion:Arthroscopic medullary decompression combined with PRP therapy for bone marrow edema of the talus presents good short-term clinical benefits in terms of reduced extent of bone marrow edema, improved ankle ROM, attenuated pain, improved ankle joint function and few postoperative complications.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the law of distant metastasis in patients with small lung adenocarcinoma with different CT findings, and to explore the feasibility of different preoperative examination methods for small lung adenocarcinoma with different imaging characteristics.Methods:Clinicopathological data of cT1a-cN0 lung adenocarcinoma patients admitted to the respiratory center of China-Japan Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively collected. A total number of 785 patients were included, including 289 males and 496 females. SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total number of 785 patients were included in this study, including 287 pure ground-glass nodule (GGN) patients, 111 GGN predominant patients, 221 solid predominant patients and 166 solid nodule patients. Among the included patients, 8 had distant metastasis, including 6 with bone metastasis, 1 with brain metastasis and 1 with brain and adrenal metastasis. No distant metastasis was observed in the patients with pure GGN and GGN predominant nodule, while 1 solid predominant patients had distant metastasis, and 7 patients with solid nodules had distant metastasis. The probability of distant metastasis was 0.5% for the solid predominant patients and 4.2% for the solid nodule patients. Univariate analysis results showed that CEA level ( P=0.030), the largest diameter of the lung window tumor ( P=0.003), the largest diameter of the solid component of the lung window tumor ( P<0.001), the largest area of the lung window tumor ( P=0.002), mediastinal window tumor maximum area ( P<0.001), CTR ( P<0.001), TDR ( P<0.001), and pleural indentation sign ( P=0.037) were risk factors for distant metastases. Multivariate analysis showed that CEA ( OR=1.019, 95% CI: 1.002-1.037, P=0.028) and TDR ( OR=0.000, 95% CI: 0.000-0.310, P=0.001) were independent risk factors of distant metastasis. Conclusion:For patients with pure GGN and GGN predominant nodule, preoperative examination could not be required, but for pure solid nodules, it is necessary to perform relevant preoperative examination including skull MRI before surgery to exclude distant metastasis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2)/cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB)/brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling pathway in dexmedetomidine-induced inhibition of propofol-caused apoptosis in isolated hippocampal neurons of fetal rats.Methods:Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats at 16 days of gestation were sacrificed, and the fetal rats were taken out, and hippocampal neurons of fetal rats were obtained and primarily cultured in vitro for 7 days.The neurons were divided into 9 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), fat emulsion group (group I), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group, dexmedetomidine group (group D), propofol group (group P), propofol plus dexmedetomidine group (group PD), PD98059 plus propofol plus dexmedetomidine group (group PDP), MH89 plus propofol plus dexmedetomidine group (group HDP), and KG501 plus propofol plus dexmedetomidine group (group KDP). Group C received no treatment.In group I, 20% fat emulsion was added, and the neurons were incubated for 30 min, and 0.25% DMSO was added in group DMSO, and the neurons were incubated for 30 min.Dexmedetomidine at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added, and the neurons were incubated for 30 min in group D. Propofol at a final concentration of 100 μmol/L was added, and the neurons were incubated for 3 h in group P. In group PD, dexmedetomidine at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added, the neurons were incubated for 30 min, propofol at a final concentration of 100 μmol/L was added, and the neurons were incubated for 3 h. In PDP, HDP and KDP groups, 25 μmol PD98059 (p-ERK1/2 inhibitor), 10 μmol H89 (p-CREB inhibitor) and 25 μmol KG501 (CREB inhibitor) were added, respectively, the neurons were incubated for 30 min, dexmedetomidine at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added, the neurons were incubated for 30 min, and propofol at a final concentration of 100 μmol/L was added, and the neurons were incubated for 3 h. The cell ultrastructure was observed with the transmission electron microscope, the apoptosis in neurons was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of ERK1/2, CREB and BDNF mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and the expression of p-ERK1/2, CREB, p-CREB, BDNF and cleaved caspase-3 was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased, the expression of p-ERK1/2 and p-CREB was down-regulated, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was up-regulated in P, PD, PDP, HDP and KDP groups, and the expression of BDNF was significantly down-regulated in P, PDP, HDP and KDP groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group P, the apoptosis rate was significantly decreased, the expression of p-ERK1/2, p-CREB and BDNF was up-regulated, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was down-regulated in group PD ( P<0.05). Compared with group PD, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased, the expression of p-ERK1/2, p-CREB and BDNF was down-regulated, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was up-regulated in PDP, HDP and KDP groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The ERK1/2/CREB/BDNF signaling pathway is involved in dexmedetomidine-induced inhibition of propofol-caused apoptosis in isolated hippocampal neurons of fetal rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906508

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a common, lethal interstitial lung disease characterized by airway remodeling, inflammation, alveolar destruction, and fibrosis. The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1/4E binding protein 1 (mTORC1/4E-BP1) axis is closely related to the expression of collagen by fibroblasts, and its role in pulmonary fibrosis remains to be further elucidated. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has shown promising efficacy in improving the lung function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with IPF. The theory of "same treatment for different diseases" provides a TCM theoretical basis for the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis with Bupleuri Radix, while the research in western medicine has preliminarily shown that both the formulation and single herb as well as the active ingredients of Bupleuri Radix have good therapeutic effects on pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, this review will elaborate on the role of the mTORC1/4E-BP1 axis in the pathomechanism of IPF, as well as the research results of the active components of Bupleuri Radix on the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin protein(PI3K/AKT/mTOR) pathway, so as to provide a reference for the treatment and drug development of IPF.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903977

ABSTRACT

Although the contributions of sitagliptin to endothelial dysfunction in diabetes mellitus were previously reported, the mechanisms still undefined. Autophagy plays an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus, but its role in diabetic macrovascular complications is unclear. This study aims to observe the effect of sitagliptin on macrovascular endothelium in diabetes and explore the role of autophagy in this process. Diabetic rats were induced through administration of high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Then diabetic rats were treated with or without sitagliptin for 12 weeks. Endothelial damage and autophagy were measured. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured either in normal glucose or in high glucose medium and intervened with different concentrations of sitagliptin. Rapamycin was used to induce autophagy. Cell viability, apoptosis and autophagy were detected. The expressions of proteins in c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-Bcl-2-Beclin-1 pathway were measured. Sitagliptin attenuated injuries of endothelium in vivo and in vitro. The expression of microtubuleassociated protein 1 light chain 3 II (LC3II) and beclin-1 were increased in aortas of diabetic rats and cells cultured with high-glucose, while sitagliptin inhibited the over-expression of LC3II and beclin-1. In vitro pre-treatment with sitagliptin decreased rapamycin-induced autophagy. However, after pretreatment with rapamycin, the protective effect of sitagliptin on endothelial cells was abolished. Further studies revealed sitagliptin increased the expression of Bcl-2, while inhibited the expression of JNK in vivo . Sitagliptin attenuates injuries of vascular endothelial cells caused by high glucose through inhibiting over-activated autophagy. JNK-Bcl-2-Beclin-1 pathway may be involved in this process.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896273

ABSTRACT

Although the contributions of sitagliptin to endothelial dysfunction in diabetes mellitus were previously reported, the mechanisms still undefined. Autophagy plays an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus, but its role in diabetic macrovascular complications is unclear. This study aims to observe the effect of sitagliptin on macrovascular endothelium in diabetes and explore the role of autophagy in this process. Diabetic rats were induced through administration of high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Then diabetic rats were treated with or without sitagliptin for 12 weeks. Endothelial damage and autophagy were measured. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured either in normal glucose or in high glucose medium and intervened with different concentrations of sitagliptin. Rapamycin was used to induce autophagy. Cell viability, apoptosis and autophagy were detected. The expressions of proteins in c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-Bcl-2-Beclin-1 pathway were measured. Sitagliptin attenuated injuries of endothelium in vivo and in vitro. The expression of microtubuleassociated protein 1 light chain 3 II (LC3II) and beclin-1 were increased in aortas of diabetic rats and cells cultured with high-glucose, while sitagliptin inhibited the over-expression of LC3II and beclin-1. In vitro pre-treatment with sitagliptin decreased rapamycin-induced autophagy. However, after pretreatment with rapamycin, the protective effect of sitagliptin on endothelial cells was abolished. Further studies revealed sitagliptin increased the expression of Bcl-2, while inhibited the expression of JNK in vivo . Sitagliptin attenuates injuries of vascular endothelial cells caused by high glucose through inhibiting over-activated autophagy. JNK-Bcl-2-Beclin-1 pathway may be involved in this process.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the predictive value of stair climbing test combined with arterial blood gas analysis on postoperative complications in lung cancer patients with limited pulmonary function.Methods:A total of 1 231 hospitalized lung cancer patients with limited pulmonary function dating from August 2012 to August 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Included in the cohort were 766 of patients who underwent stair climbing test(SCT) preoperatively and completed data collection. Patients were grouped according to their general condition, past medical history, surgical approach, pulmonary function test(PFT) and SCT results. Comparison of the postoperative cardiopulmonary complication rates were made between different groups, and independent risk factors were identified.Results:A total of 182 cardiopulmonary-related complications occurred in 144 cases, accounting for 18.8% of the entire cohort. Perioperative mortality rate was 0.9%(7/766). The rate of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications was significantly different between the groups stratified by gender, age, smoking index, PFT index(FEV1%, DLCO%), SCT results(height achieved, speed, changes in heart rate and oxygen saturation of the arteries before and after the test), ASA score, surgical approach(VATS/Open), resection range(Lobectomy/Sublobectomy), anesthetic duration, blood loss volume, etc. Logistic regression analysis showed that only height achieved( P<0.001), changes in heart rate( P<0.001), changes in oxygen saturation of the arteries( P=0.001), resection range( P=0.006) and anesthetic duration( P=0.025) were independent risk factors for cardiopulmonary-related complications in lung cancer patients with limited pulmonary function. Conclusion:The stair climbing test combined with arterial blood gas analysis could be used as a preoperative screening method for lung cancer patients with limited lung function and may have a predictive value for postoperative cardiopulmonary-related complications.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922717

ABSTRACT

To investigate whether the laboratory specimens preserved in Beijing Hospital Biobank during a specific period had been contaminated by SARS-Cov-2 through a cross-sectional study, and to establish a retrospective biobank safety screening system. Laboratory specimens were collected from the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine and the Fever Clinic of Beijing Hospital from November 1, 2019 to January 22, 2020, nucleic acid and serological antibody testing were performed for SARS-CoV-2 in these specimens (including 79 serum, 20 urine, 42 feces and 21 bronchoalveolar lavage fluid specimens). The safety of the stored samples during this period was defined by negative and positive results. Both the nucleic acid test and serological antibody test showed negative for SARS-CoV-2, indicating that these specimens were safely stored in the biobank. High-risk specimens collected in our hospital during the early stage of the COVID-19 outbreak are free of SARS-CoV-2, and a safety screening strategy for the clinical biobank is established to ensure the biosafety of these samples.


Subject(s)
Biological Specimen Banks , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals , Humans , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of glucose metabolism disorders on the short-term prognosis in neonates with asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of the neonates with asphyxia who were admitted to 52 hospitals in Hubei Province of China from January to December, 2018 and had blood glucose data within 12 hours after birth. Their blood glucose data at 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after birth (with an allowable time error of 0.5 hour) were recorded. According to the presence or absence of brain injury and/or death during hospitalization, the neonates were divided into a poor prognosis group with 693 neonates and a good prognosis group with 779 neonates. The two groups were compared in the incidence of glucose metabolism disorders within 12 hours after birth and short-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good prognosis group, the poor prognosis group had a significantly higher proportion of neonates from secondary hospitals (48.5% vs 42.6%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrent hyperglycemia in neonates with asphyxia may suggest poor short-term prognosis, and it is necessary to strengthen the early monitoring and management of the nervous system in such neonates.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Asphyxia Neonatorum/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Infant, Newborn , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the suspected cases of pertussis, to explore the pathogen, and to analyze the clinical features of pertussis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of suspected pertussis cases who visited the Department of Infectious Diseases in the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2015 to May 2019.Results:(1) The PCR test for respiratory secretions of Bacillus pertussis was completed in 400 cases, with 198 cases positive (49.5%). (2) Among the 198 cases, 158 cases with pertussis were less than 1 year old (79.8%), 113 cases had a clear history of close contact with cough patients (57.1%), and 162 cases were not vaccinated or did not complete full diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis(DTP) vaccination (81.8%). The incidence of spasmodic cough was 73.7%(146/198 cases); the duration from onset to diagnosis was (17.2±12.3) d; the incidence of cyanosis after cough was 31.3%(62/198 cases), cough with vomiting 17.7% (35/198 cases), inspiratory croup 12.1%(24/198 cases); other concomitant symptoms included wheezing, runny nose, fever, diarrhea, etc.(3) All the patients were divided into the pertussis group (198 cases), other pathogen group (104 cases), and unknown pathogen group (98 cases). Comparison of the clinical symptoms of the three groups showed the highest incidence of cyanosis after cough in pertussis group ( χ2=15.334, P<0.001), and the highest incidence of wheezing, dyspnea, fever, pulmonary rales and stridor in other pathogen group ( χ2=79.208, 38.214, 16.709, 44.794, 42.480, all P<0.001). The percentages of white blood cells, lymphocytes and platelets in the pertussis group were higher than those in the other two groups ( F=15.812, 18.198, 10.819, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Suspected cases of pertussis are infected with various pathogens.Improving the pertussis nucleic acid detection and respiratory virus detection can help to make a clear diagnosis.Pertussis is more common in infants under 1 year of age and in those who have not completed vaccination.The most prominent clinical symptom is spasmodic cough, and the incidence of cyanosis after cough is higher than that of patients infected with other pathogens.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 255-261, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827061

ABSTRACT

Preclinical studies suggest that the GABA receptor is a potential target for treatment of substance use disorders. Baclofen (BLF), a prototypical GABA receptor agonist, is the only specific GABA receptor agonist available for application in clinical addiction treatment. The nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) is a key node in the circuit that controls reward-directed behavior. However, the relationship between GABA receptors in the AcbSh and memory reconsolidation was unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intra-AcbSh injection of BLF on the reconsolidation of morphine reward memory. Male C57BL/6J mice were used to establish morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) model and carry out morphine reward memory retrieval and activation experiment. The effects of intra-AcbSh injection of BLF on morphine-induced CPP, reinstatement of CPP and locomotor activity were observed after environmental cues activating morphine reward memory. The results showed that intra-AcbSh injection of BLF (0.06 nmol/0.2 μL/side or 0.12 nmol/0.2 μL/side), rather than vehicle or BLF (0.01 nmol/0.2 μL/side), following morphine reward memory retrieval abolished morphine-induced CPP by disrupting its reconsolidation in mice. Moreover, this effect persisted for more than 14 days, which was not reversed by a morphine priming injection. Furthermore, intra-AcbSh injection of BLF without morphine reward memory retrieval had no effect on morphine-associated reward memory. Interestingly, administration of BLF into the AcbSh had no effect on the locomotor activity of mice during testing phase. Based on these results, we concluded that intra-AcbSh injection of BLF following morphine reward memory could erase morphine-induced CPP by disrupting its reconsolidation. Activating GABA receptor in AcbSh during drug memory reconsolidation may be a potential approach to prevent drug relapse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baclofen , Conditioning, Classical , GABA-B Receptor Agonists , Locomotion , Male , Memory , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Morphine , Nucleus Accumbens , Opioid-Related Disorders , Reward
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn the influencing factors for acceptance and approval of Internet plus medicine by patients in Wuhan, and to provide relevant references.Methods:A questionnaire was developed to analyze the acceptance and approval of Internet plus medicine for 543 pationts in Wuhan, while Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of acceptance and approval of Internet plus medicine in Wuhan.Results:The acceptance of Internet plus medicine was significantly related to age( χ2=51.340, P<0.01), education level( χ2=55.745, P<0.01)and daily online hours( χ2=50.210, P<0.01). The approval of Internet plus medicine was significantly related to age( χ2=42.278, P<0.01), education level( χ2=26.531, P<0.01)and average traffic hours spent on visiting doctors( χ2=29.373, P<0.01). Conclusions:The younger patients had a higher acceptance and approval of Internet plus medicine of all age groups. The patients with a higher degree of education had higher acceptance and approval of Internet plus medicine. The patients with longer daily online hours had a higher acceptance of Internet plus medicine. The patients with longer average traffic hours to see doctors had a higher approval of Internet plus medicine.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of supra-arch branches bypass on cerebral oxygen saturation and hemodynamics in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection.Methods:From January to December 2018, consecutive 27 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection were enrolled in the study. All patients received hybrid treatment, including supra-arch branches bypass(right axillary artery-left common carotid artery-left subclavian artery) and thoracic endovascular aortic repaire(TEVAR). All the operations were performed by the same surgical team. The left and right cerebral oxygen saturation were measured after anesthesia(T1), left carotid artery occlusion(T2) and after operation(T3); peak systolic velocity(PSV) and resistance index(RI) of left and right carotid arteries were measured before(t1) and after operation(t2).Results:The left cerebral oxygen saturation was 0.62 ±0.01, 0.54±0.01 and 0.62±0.01 at T1, T2 and T3, respectively. There was significant difference between T2 and T1 and T3( P=0.002, P=0.001), but there was no significant difference between T1 and T3. The PSV of left carotid artery at t1 and t2 were(0.91±0.11)m/s and(0.76±0.09)m/s respectively, with no significant difference( P= 0.191). The RI of left carotid artery at t1 and t2 were 0.83±0.06 and 0.93±0.13 respectively, with no significant difference( P= 0.575). Conclusion:If one side of carotid artery was blocked for a short time during supra-arch branches bypass, the cerebral oxygen saturation would be decreased temporarily, but the changes of cerebral oxygen metabolism could be completely restored after operation. However, the hemodynamics of carotid artery would not change significantly. In the hybrid treatment strategy for the patients with aortic dissection Stanford type B, blocking bilateral carotid arteries can be avoided. Making the right axillary artery-left common carotid artery-left subclavian artery shunt is a safe and effective choice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866741

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between calf circumference and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) index, handgrip strength and gait speed in the elderly in Shanghai, and to explore the optimal cut-off point of calf circumference as a simple proxy marker of skeletal muscle mass, strength and function.Methods:A total of 2 294 participants were recruited from physical examination centers in Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University and 4 communities (954 males and 1 340 females) with an average age of (71.6±8.7) years. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), Upper (UMM) and lower (LMM) limbs skeletal muscle mass were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). The ASM index (ASM/height 2) were calculated.Gait speed was measured.Muscle strength was measured by handgrip strength using an electronic hand dynamometer.Height, weight, right calf circumference and waist circumference were measured. Results:The age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and gait speed were not statistically different (all P>0.05) between both genders. Height, weight, ASM, ASM/height 2, UMM, LMM, handgrip strength, calf circumference were significantly higher in men than in women (all P<0.05). The calf circumference of the elderly with age ≥ 80 was significantly lower than that of the 70-79 age group and 60-69 age group ( P<0.05). The calf circumference of older women (age≥80) was significantly lower than that of the elderly women in the 70-79 age group and 60-69 age group ( P<0.05). Calf circumference was correlated negatively with age( P<0.01) and positively with ASM/height 2, height, weight, BMI, handgrip strength, UMM and LMM( P<0.01). There was no correlation between calf circumference and gait speed ( P>0.05). In the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), the cut-off value of calf circumference for low muscle mass was 35.1 cm for male(specificity, 0.721; sensitivity, 0.803, ROC, 0.809) and 33.6 cm for female(specificity, 0.774; sensitivity, 0.778; ROC, 0.827). Conclusions:Calf circumference decreases with ageing in the elderly. The optimal cut-off value of calf circumference for low muscle mass is 35.1 cm for males and 33.6 cm for females. We should pay attention to the importance of calf circumference in evaluation and diagnosis of sarcopenia.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865947

ABSTRACT

The training goal of neurology professional postgraduates is to cultivate high-level clinical neurology medical doctors. We attach great importance to the cultivation of clinical ability of professional postgraduates, and hold postgraduate teaching conferences every semester. Through the establishment of systematic clinical professional lectures and intensive neurological diseases lectures, the establishment of clinical case database, the implementation of monthly fixed postgraduate reading report system and other measures, the students' clinical ability can be improved. Combining theory with practice, strengthening the training of the ability of location diagnosis and qualitative diagnosis, the students' concept of evidence-based medicine is trained by learning and making comment on domestic and foreign guidelines. In the future, we should improve the incentive mechanism of professional postgraduate teaching.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1688-1695, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827923

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Zinc finger and BTB domain-containing protein 46 (Zbtb46) is a transcription factor identified in classical dendritic cells, and maintains dendritic cell quiescence in a steady state. Zbtb46 has been reported to be a negative indicator of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We found that Zbtb46 was expressed at a relatively higher level in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) compared to mature cells, and higher in AML cells compared to normal bone marrow (BM) cells. However, the role of Zbtb46 in HSPCs and AML cells remains unclear. Therefore, we sought to elucidate the effect of Zbtb46 in normal hematopoiesis and AML cells.@*METHODS@#We generated Zbtb46 and Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice. The deletion of Zbtb46 in Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection of double-stranded poly (I). poly (C) (poly(I:C)), and referred as Zbtb46 cKO. After confirming the deletion of Zbtb46, the frequency and numbers of HSPCs and mature blood cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Serial intraperitoneal injection of 5-fluorouracil was administrated to determine the repopulation ability of HSCs from Zbtb46 and Zbtb46 cKO mice. The correlation between Zbtb46 expression and prognosis was analyzed using the data from the Cancer Genome Atlas. To investigate the role of Zbtb46 in AML cells, we knocked down the expression of Zbtb46 in THP-1 cells using lentiviral vectors expressing small hairpin RNAs targeting Zbtb46. Cell proliferation rate was determined by cell count assay. Cell apoptosis and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation were determined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The percentages and absolute numbers of HSPCs and mature blood cells were comparable in Zbtb46 cKO mice and its Zbtb46 littermates (Zbtb46vs. Zbtb46 cKO, HPC: 801,310 ± 84,282 vs. 907,202 ± 97,403, t = 0.82, P = 0.46; LSK: 86,895 ± 7802 vs. 102,210 ± 5025, t = 1.65, P = 0.17; HSC: 19,753 ± 3116 vs. 17,608 ± 3508, t = 0.46, P = 0.67). The repopulation ability of HSCs from Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice was similar to those from Zbtb46 control (P = 0.26). Zbtb46 had elevated expression in AML cells compared to total BM cells from normal control. Knockdown of Zbtb46 in THP-1 cells led to a significant increase in cell apoptosis and reduced cell growth and proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#Collectively, our data indicate that Zbtb46 is essential for survival and proliferation of AML cells, but dispensable for normal hematopoiesis.

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