Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 232
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912995

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the impact of different surgical strategies for moderate functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) at the time of aortic valve replacement (AVR) on patients' prognosis. Methods    A total of 118 AVR patients, including 84 males and 34 females, aged 58.1±12.4 years, who were complicated with moderate FMR were retrospectively recruited. Patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment strategy of mitral valve: a group A (no intervention, n=11), a group B (mitral valve repair, n=51) and a group C (mitral valve replacement, n=56). The primary endpoint was the early and mid-term survival of the patients, and the secondary endpoint was the improvement of FMR. Results    The median follow-up time was 29.5 months. Five patients died perioperatively, all of whom were from the group C. Early postoperative FMR improvement rates in the group A and group B were 90.9% and 94.1% (P=0.694). The mid-term mortality in the three groups were 0.0%, 5.9% and 3.9%, respectively (P=0.264), while the incidences of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were 0.0%, 9.8% and 17.7%, respectively (P=0.230). Improvements of FMR in the group A and group B were 100.0% and 94.3% at the mid-term follow-up (P>0.05). Conclusion    For patients receiving AVR with moderate FMR, conservative treatment or concurrent repair of mitral valve may be more reasonable, while mitral valve replacement may increase the incidence of early and mid-term adverse events.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the significance of S1 posterior edge inlet view for placement of percutaneous sacroiliac screws.Methods:1. CT data of the pelvis were collected from 134 normal adults and introduced into Mimics Medical 21.0 system. Anatomical parameters of sacral vertebrae were measured and analyzed to observe the anatomical disparities between the anterior and posterior edges of S1 vertebral body. A mathematical model was established using the data acquired. 2. Manual placement of sacroiliac screws was performed using a conventional S1 posterior edge inlet view on the pelvic specimens from 5 adult cadavers in simulation of actual surgical situations. After placement, the inlet views from both the S1 anterior and posterior edges were taken to observe the imaging differences and to check if the screws had pierced the sacral canal. 3. A retrospective study was conducted of the 11 patients with posterior pelvic ring fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Tongji Hospital from January 2019 to October 2020. Their fractures were fixated by percutaneous sacroiliac screws under the guidance of a C-arm X-ray machine. The manual placement of the screws was guided intraoperatively by the inlet views from both the S1 anterior and posterior edges to secure a safe placement. Pelvic CT examinations were performed to check any screw dislocation.Results:1. CT measurements in the normal adults showed that the angle of S1 anterior edge inlet view (20.71°±11.89°) was smaller than that of S1 posterior edge inlet view (41.99°±11.67°) and the width of S1 upper end plate [(32.22±3.41) mm] greater than that of S1 lower end plate [(20.10±3.28) mm], showing significant disparities in anatomy between the anterior and posterior edges of S1 vertebral body ( P<0.05). 2. In 2 of the 5 cadaveric specimens, imaging differences were observed between the inlet views of the anterior and posterior edges of S1 and the screws pierced out of the sacral canal. 3. Satisfactory closed reduction was achieved in all the 11 patients. A total of 17 screws were placed, with 12 ones into S1 and 5 ones into S2. Operation time ranged from 84 to 141 min (average, 114.4 min), fluoroscopy frequency from 69 to 101 times (average, 89.6 times), and intraoperative blood loss from 110 to 463 mL(average, 296.6 mL). No screw dislocation was observed on postoperative CT. Conclusion:As there is a difference between the inlet views of the anterior and posterior edges of S1 vertebral body, the inlet view of the posterior edge of S1 can display the posterior edge of S1 more clearly so as to improve the safety of placement of percutaneous sacroiliac screws.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908942

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses from two aspects of case writing and PBL implementation experience. PBL cases should be based on professional requirements and reflect professional characteristics. Health inspection and quarantine cases targeted at application-oriented talent cultivation can be integrated into relevant experimental skills items. At the same time, the forms of case writing are expanded according to the differences of theme forms, which are designed as parallel cases and serial cases, so as to be applicable to the curriculum integration in different areas. In the implementation of PBL teaching, students' learning status is the key to the efficiency of classroom discussion, which determines whether the implementation of PBL is completely autonomous learning or embedded instruction. Teachers should establish cooperative learning atmosphere to improve the efficiency of classroom discussion

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906193

ABSTRACT

Fatigue refers to the manifestation of disorders in the process of carrying out or maintaining random activities, which can be regarded as an independent disease or as a symptom in a variety of chronic diseases. The high incidence of fatigue has seriously affected people's physical and mental health, and the prevention and treatment of fatigue has become an important problem to be solved urgently. The pathogenesis of fatigue mainly includes energy consumpation, accumulation of metabolites, abnormal secretion of neurotransmitters, decline of mitochondrial function, dysfunction of hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis, etc. At present, there is no unified understanding about the pathogenesis of fatigue at home and abroad. The gene research of fatigue is the current research frontier. Gene expression profiling provides a new method for the study of the mechanism of fatigue. The combination of gene chip technology and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory is expected to bring a breakthrough in the study of the pathogenesis of fatigue. In the study of fatigue gene chip, messenger RNA(mRNA) and microRNA(miRNA) are the common research objects, but few explorations are focused on the gene expression rule of fatigue by a specific signaling pathway and the effective regulation targets of TCM for treating fatigue. In recent years, the dysfunction of reward and inhibition mechanism in the central nervous system has become a research hotspot. In particular, gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) and dopamine (DA) have attracted much attention as the main substances of inhibition and reward mechanism, respectively. GABA and DA are used as inhibition and reward mechanisms to maintain the balance, and the body will not feel fatigue. Once the balance is broken, the fatigue will be formed. At the same time, DA and GABA receptors can also regulate cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling pathway(cAMP) to affect fatigue. The research on key genes in GABA/DA balance mechanism and related cAMP signaling pathway by gene chip technology is expected to reveal the pathogenesis of fatigue in depth. The gene chip method is used to detect the changes of key genes in GABA/DA pathway and the related cAMP signaling pathway in the fatigue population and the normal population, so as to further explore the pathogenesis of fatigue. In this paper, the key genes in GABA/DA balance mechanism and cAMP signaling pathway related to fatigue were summarized by using the review method, so as to provide the basis for further study on the pathogenesis of fatigue and effective prevention and treatment from the perspective of genetics.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of Xieheyin in alleviating obese polycystic ovary syndrome with insulin resistance(PCOS-IR)and reducing inflammatory response. Method:Ten of sixty SPF femlae C57BL/6J mice were randomly selected as the normal group,and the rest mice were given letrozole 0.002 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> combined with fecal suspension 2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 28 consecutive days to establish model of PCOS-IR.The mice that were successfully modeled were randomized into the model group,metformin group(0.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and low(10 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),medium(20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and high-dose(40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>)Xieheyin groups,and administered with the corresponding drugs by gavage,once a day,for four consecutive weeks. Except the normal control group, the mice in the other groups were continuously given fecal suspension combined with letrozole solution to maintain the model during the treatment. The mice were weighed once a week.Levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG) were detected by blood glucose test strips.And enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect serum testosterone(T),follicle stimulating hormone(FSH),luteinizing hormone(LH),fasting insulin(FINS)level,and LH/FSH and Homeostasis model assesment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were calculated.The uterus and ovaries were weighed and fixed.Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe ovarian tissue pathology morphology. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of tight junction key molecular zonula occludens 1(ZO-1),occludin in colon tissues,and the expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B/Nod-like receptor protein 3(TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3)signaling pathway and inflammation associated proteins cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1(Caspase-1) and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) in colon tissues. Result:Compared with normal control group,the body weight of mice in the model control group increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Serum FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR,T,LH/FSH were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01),while the ovarian organ ratio were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The number of atresia follicles and cystic dilatation follicles increased significantly,and the number of corpus luteum significantly decreased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells also decreased,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased. Tight junction related ZO-1,occludin proteins in colon tissues were all decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01).The relative expression levels of inflammation-related protein IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein signaling pathway were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05).Compared with model control group, the body weight of mice in the low,middle and high dose Xieheyin group decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The serum T,LH/FSH,FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the ovarian organ ratio were decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The number of cystic follicles decreased and corpus luteum increased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells increased and be arranged normally,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased slightly. The expressions of ZO-1,occludin proteins were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein in the high dose group were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Xieheyin could activate intestinal TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 signaling pathway,inhibit pro-inflammatory factor secretion,improve obesity and IR,which was correlated with rebuilding intestinal mucosal barrier and inhibiting intestinal inflammation.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898113

ABSTRACT

Background@#The influencing factors of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were explored to develop and validate a DKD diagnostic tool based on nomogram approach for patients with T2DM. @*Methods@#A total of 2,163 in-hospital patients with diabetes diagnosed from March 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled. Specified logistic regression models were used to screen the factors and establish four different diagnostic tools based on nomogram according to the final included variables. Discrimination and calibration were used to assess the performance of screening tools. @*Results@#Among the 2,163 participants with diabetes (1,227 men and 949 women), 313 patients (194 men and 120 women) were diagnosed with DKD. Four different screening equations (full model, laboratory-based model 1 [LBM1], laboratory-based model 2 [LBM2], and simplified model) showed good discriminations and calibrations. The C-indexes were 0.8450 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.8202 to 0.8690) for full model, 0.8149 (95% CI, 0.7892 to 0.8405) for LBM1, 0.8171 (95% CI, 0.7912 to 0.8430) for LBM2, and 0.8083 (95% CI, 0.7824 to 0.8342) for simplified model. According to Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, good agreement between the predicted and observed DKD events in patients with diabetes was observed for full model (χ2=3.2756, P=0.9159), LBM1 (χ2=7.749, P=0.4584), LBM2 (χ2=10.023, P=0.2634), and simplified model (χ2=12.294, P=0.1387). @*Conclusion@#LBM1, LBM2, and simplified model exhibited excellent predictive performance and availability and could be recommended for screening DKD cases among Chinese patients with diabetes.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890409

ABSTRACT

Background@#The influencing factors of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were explored to develop and validate a DKD diagnostic tool based on nomogram approach for patients with T2DM. @*Methods@#A total of 2,163 in-hospital patients with diabetes diagnosed from March 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled. Specified logistic regression models were used to screen the factors and establish four different diagnostic tools based on nomogram according to the final included variables. Discrimination and calibration were used to assess the performance of screening tools. @*Results@#Among the 2,163 participants with diabetes (1,227 men and 949 women), 313 patients (194 men and 120 women) were diagnosed with DKD. Four different screening equations (full model, laboratory-based model 1 [LBM1], laboratory-based model 2 [LBM2], and simplified model) showed good discriminations and calibrations. The C-indexes were 0.8450 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.8202 to 0.8690) for full model, 0.8149 (95% CI, 0.7892 to 0.8405) for LBM1, 0.8171 (95% CI, 0.7912 to 0.8430) for LBM2, and 0.8083 (95% CI, 0.7824 to 0.8342) for simplified model. According to Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, good agreement between the predicted and observed DKD events in patients with diabetes was observed for full model (χ2=3.2756, P=0.9159), LBM1 (χ2=7.749, P=0.4584), LBM2 (χ2=10.023, P=0.2634), and simplified model (χ2=12.294, P=0.1387). @*Conclusion@#LBM1, LBM2, and simplified model exhibited excellent predictive performance and availability and could be recommended for screening DKD cases among Chinese patients with diabetes.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 858-876, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922480

ABSTRACT

There remains a significant gap in our quantitative understanding of crosstalk between apoptosis and necroptosis pathways. By employing the SWATH-MS technique, we quantified absolute amounts of up to thousands of proteins in dynamic assembling/de-assembling of TNF signaling complexes. Combining SWATH-MS-based network modeling and experimental validation, we found that when RIP1 level is below ~1000 molecules/cell (mpc), the cell solely undergoes TRADD-dependent apoptosis. When RIP1 is above ~1000 mpc, pro-caspase-8 and RIP3 are recruited to necrosome respectively with linear and nonlinear dependence on RIP1 amount, which well explains the co-occurrence of apoptosis and necroptosis and the paradoxical observations that RIP1 is required for necroptosis but its increase down-regulates necroptosis. Higher amount of RIP1 (>~46,000 mpc) suppresses apoptosis, leading to necroptosis alone. The relation between RIP1 level and occurrence of necroptosis or total cell death is biphasic. Our study provides a resource for encoding the complexity of TNF signaling and a quantitative picture how distinct dynamic interplay among proteins function as basis sets in signaling complexes, enabling RIP1 to play diverse roles in governing cell fate decisions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 8/metabolism , GTPase-Activating Proteins/metabolism , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Necroptosis , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4415-4429, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921517

ABSTRACT

The zearalenone hydrolase (ZHD101) derived from Clonostachys rosea can effectively degrade the mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) present in grain by-products and feed. However, the low thermal stability of ZHD101 hampers its applications. High throughput screening of variants using spectrophotometer is challenging because the reaction of hydrolyzing ZEN does not change absorbance. In this study, we used ZHD101 as a model enzyme to perform computation-aided design followed by experimental verification. By comparing the molecular dynamics simulation trajectories of ZHD101 at different temperatures, 32 flexible sites were selected. 608 saturated mutations were introduced into the 32 flexible sites virtually, from which 12 virtual mutants were screened according to the position specific score and enzyme conformation free energy calculation. Three of the mutants N156F, S194T and T259F showed an increase in thermal melting temperature (ΔTm>4 °C), and their enzyme activities were similar to or even higher than that of the wild type (relative enzyme activity 95.8%, 131.6% and 169.0%, respectively). Molecular dynamics simulation analysis showed that the possible mechanisms leading to the improved thermal stability were NH-π force, salt bridge rearrangement, and hole filling on the molecular surface. The three mutants were combined iteratively, and the combination of N156F/S194T showed the highest thermal stability (ΔTm=6.7 °C). This work demonstrated the feasibility of engineering the flexible region to improve enzyme performance by combining virtual computational mutations with experimental verification.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Edible Grain , Enzyme Stability , Hydrolases/metabolism , Hypocreales/enzymology , Protein Engineering , Zearalenone
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3231-3241, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921420

ABSTRACT

The source of recombinant collagen is clean, and it has the advantages of flexible sequence design, high yield and high purity, so it has a wide application prospect as biomaterials in tissue engineering and other fields. However, how to promote the cross-linking of recombinant collagen molecules and make them form a more stable spatial structure is the difficulty to be overcome in the design of recombinant collagen nanomaterials. Unnatural amino acid O-(2-bromoethyl)-tyrosine was incorporated into collagen by two-plasmid expression system. The results showed that high-purity collagen incorporated with unnatural amino acid could be obtained by induction with final concentration of 0.5 mmol/L IPTG and 0.06% arabinose at 25 °C for 24 hours. The intermolecular cross-linking through thioether bond was formed between collagen molecule incorporated with unnatural amino acid and collagen molecule with cysteine mutation in pH 9.0 NH4HCO3 buffer, which formed aggregates with the largest molecular size up to 1 micrometre. The results pave the way for the design of recombinant collagen biomaterials.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Biocompatible Materials , Collagen/genetics , Sulfides
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1552-1560, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common public health problem worldwide. Recent studies have reported that socioeconomic status (SES) is related to the incidence of COPD. This study aimed to investigate the association between SES and COPD among adults in Jiangsu province, China, and to determine the possible direct and indirect effects of SES on the morbidity of COPD.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among adults aged 40 years and above between May and December of 2015 in Jiangsu province, China. Participants were selected using a multistage sampling approach. COPD, the outcome variable, was diagnosed by physicians based on spirometry, respiratory symptoms, and risk factors. Education, occupation, and monthly family average income (FAI) were used to separately indicate SES as the explanatory variable. Mixed-effects logistic regression models were introduced to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for examining the SES-COPD relationship. A pathway analysis was conducted to further explore the pulmonary function impairment of patients with different SES.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the 2421 participants was 56.63 ± 9.62 years. The prevalence of COPD was 11.8% (95% CI: 10.5%-13.1%) among the overall sample population. After adjustment for age, gender, residence, outdoor and indoor air pollution, body weight status, cigarette smoking, and potential study area-level clustering effects, educational attainment was negatively associated with COPD prevalence in men; white collars were at lower risk (OR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.43-0.83) of experiencing COPD than blue collars; compared with those within the lower FAI subgroup, participants in the upper (OR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.49-0.97) tertiles were less likely to experience COPD. Such negative associations between all these three SES indicators and COPD were significant among men only. Education, FAI, and occupation had direct or indirect effects on pulmonary function including post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), FEV1, FVC, and FEV1 percentage of predicted. Education, FAI, and occupation had indirect effects on pulmonary function indices of all participants mainly through smoking status, indoor air pollution, and outdoor air pollution. We also found that occupation could affect post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC through body mass index.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Education, occupation, and FAI had an adverse relationship with COPD prevalence in Jiangsu province, China. SES has both direct and indirect associations with pulmonary function impairment. SES is of great significance for COPD morbidity. It is important that population-based COPD prevention strategies should be tailored for people with different SES.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Social Class , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily observe the clinical efficacy of microwave hyperthermia combined with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods:Forty patients who could not been operated or refused operation were enrolled in this clinical trial, who were confirmed as locally advanced proximal or distal gastric cancer by gastroscopy pathology and imaging. Radiotherapy was delivered by IMRT technology for 5 times per week with a total dose of 46 to 56 Gy (median dose of 50 Gy) in 25 to 28 fractions. Synchronous hyperthermia was given at 42 to 44℃ twice a week, 45 min/time. S-1 or capecitabine-based synchronous chemotherapy was performed, d1-14/3 weeks. The symptom remission rate, adverse reactions, objective remission rate (complete and partial remission) and survival were observed.Results:A total of 40 patients, aged between 56 and 83 years (median age of 71 years), were enrolled in this study. The male-to-female ratio was 7: 1. Among them, 38 cases (95%) showed symptom remission. The most common adverse reactions were grade 1-2 gastrointestinal reactions and leukopenia. The objective remission rate was 87.5%, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 68.6% and 70.5%, respectively.Conclusion:Preliminary findings demonstrate that microwave hyperthermia combined with chemoradiotherapy achieve satisfactory outcomes and yield tolerable toxicity in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the dynamic molecular expression characteristics of single cell RNA binding proteins (RBPs) in the development of mouse embryonic hematopoitic stem cells (HSCs), and obtain the functional research target RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1, to clarify the function of Mbnl1 involved in regulating mouse embryonic HSC development.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics was used to analyze the single-cell transcriptome data of mouse embryos during HSC development, and the single-cell RBP dynamic molecular expression maps in HSC development was obtained. Mbnl1 was obtained by combining differential analysis and literature research screening. The Mbnl1-knockout mouse model was constructed by the CRISPER/Cas9 technology. Aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) and yolk sac (YS) tissue in two genotype embryos of Mbnl1@*RESULTS@#The in vitro CFU-C experiment of hematopoietic cells preliminarily indicated that there was no significant difference in the number of cell colonies in AGM region and YS transformed by the two genotypes of Mbnl1@*CONCLUSION@#Through functional experiments in vivo and in vitro, it has been confirmed that knockout of the RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1 does not affect the development of HSPC in AGM region of mouse embryo.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA-Binding Proteins , Gonads , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesonephros , Mice , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Yolk Sac
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873553

ABSTRACT

It is a major public health task to promote the construction of modern disease prevention and control system in the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic. In this study, we identified the current situation and challenges in the construction of disease prevention and control system in Shanghai, including the infrastructures, disciplines, human resources, information system, operational mechanism, and legalization. It is proposed that we should promote the construction of modern disease prevention and control system in Shanghai, which is aimed to improve the capacity in the disease prevention and control services, response to the major epidemics and public health emergencies, and scientific research in public health, in accordance with municipal functional orientation large-scale metropolitan public health security requirements in Shanghai. Moreover, we should promote policy-making, including upgrading infrastructures, facilitating discipline construction and scientific research innovation, optimizing development environment for human resources, accelerating comprehensive information construction, improving systems and mechanisms, and strengthening legal governance.

15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 486-494, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888741

ABSTRACT

Tocilizumab has been reported to attenuate the "cytokine storm" in COVID-19 patients. We attempted to verify the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab therapy in COVID-19 and identify patients most likely to benefit from this treatment. We conducted a randomized, controlled, open-label multicenter trial among COVID-19 patients. The patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either tocilizumab in addition to standard care or standard care alone. The cure rate, changes of oxygen saturation and interference, and inflammation biomarkers were observed. Thirty-three patients were randomized to the tocilizumab group, and 32 patients to the control group. The cure rate in the tocilizumab group was higher than that in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (94.12% vs. 87.10%, rate difference 95% CI-7.19%-21.23%, P = 0.4133). The improvement in hypoxia for the tocilizumab group was higher from day 4 onward and statistically significant from day 12 (P = 0.0359). In moderate disease patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions, the hypoxia ameliorated earlier after tocilizumab treatment, and less patients (1/12, 8.33%) needed an increase of inhaled oxygen concentration compared with the controls (4/6, 66.67%; rate difference 95% CI-99.17% to-17.50%, P = 0.0217). No severe adverse events occurred. More mild temporary adverse events were recorded in tocilizumab recipients (20/34, 58.82%) than the controls (4/31, 12.90%). Tocilizumab can improve hypoxia without unacceptable side effect profile and significant influences on the time virus load becomes negative. For patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions and elevated IL-6 levels, tocilizumab could be recommended to improve outcome.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888243

ABSTRACT

Ligaments are dense fibrous connective tissue that maintains joint stability through bone-to-bone connections. Ligament tears that due to sports injury or tissue aging usually require surgical intervention, and transplanting autologous, allogeneic, or artificial ligaments for reconstruction is the gold standard for treating such diseases in spite of many drawbacks. With the development of materialogy and manufacturing technology, engineered ligament tissue based on bioscaffold is expected to become a new substitute, which can lead to tissue regeneration by simulating the structure, composition, and biomechanical properties of natural tissue. This paper reviewed some recently published


Subject(s)
Animals , Bionics , Bone and Bones , Humans , Ligaments , Tissue Engineering , Wound Healing
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of pelvic floor neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and sling exercise training (SET) on diastasis recti abdominis after parturition. Methods:From September to December, 2019, 90 patients with rectus abdominis separation > 2 cm and pelvic floor muscle strength above grade III were randomly divided into three groups, accepting simple pelvic floor NMES (group A), pelvic floor NMES and SET (group B), and simple SET (group C), respectively, for four weeks. The separation distance of rectus abdominis was measured before treatment, two weeks and four weeks after treatment, and four weeks follow-up. Results:The separation distance of rectus abdominis decreased in each group after treatment (F > 8.327, P < 0.01); and it was the least in group B (F > 8.327, P < 0.01), while the multiple comparison results showed that there was no significant difference between group A and group C (P > 0.05). Conclusion:Both pelvic floor NMES and SET can similarly relieve the diastasis recti abdominis after parturition, and it is more effective in combination.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1556-1567, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826821

ABSTRACT

Improving the thermal stability of enzymes is a hot and difficult point in the field of biocatalysis. Compared with the traditional directed evolution, computational assisted rational design is more efficient, and is widely used in enzyme engineering. Using Bacillus subtilis LipA as the model protein, the structure cavity of the enzyme was analyzed by Rosetta-VIP design, the mutation which was beneficial to the filling of the structure cavity (ΔΔE<0) was selected, followed by the solvent accessible surface area and evolutionary conservation analysis. The thermal stabilities of six out of sixteen designed single-point mutants were improved, with a maximum ΔTm value of 3.18 °C. These six mutations were further used for iterative combination mutation, the maximum ΔTm of the two-point and three-point combination mutants were 4.04 °C and 5.13 °C, respectively. The Tm of the four-point combination mutant M11 (F17A/L114P/I135V/M137L) was increased by 7.30 °C. The Tm of the six-point combination mutant M10 (F17A/V74I/L114P/I135V/M137A/I157L) was increased by 7.43 °C. The thermal stability of mutation with lower energy value, reduced accessible surface area, while conformed to evolutionary conservatism, was more likely to be improved. Therefore, the multiple virtual screening strategy based on the enzyme structure cavity filling, solvent accessible surface area and amino acid sequence conservation analysis can effectively improve the thermal stability of enzyme.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773726

ABSTRACT

Inula japonica was used as the research object, "3414" fertilization experiment were conducted to study the effects of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium formula fertilizer on the growth and chemical composition content of I. japonica. The characteristics of fertilizer requirement were preliminarily revealed and the study provided fertilization guidance for artificial cultivation of I. japonica. The results showed that different nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium formula fertilizers had significant effects on plant morphology,physiological and biochemical indexes,dry matter accumulation and chemical composition content. The growth indexes and chemical components of I. japonica showed an upward trend with the increase of fertilization amount,especially the nitrogen fertilizer was the most significant. The indicators were analyzed by membership function. After comprehensive evaluation,the optimal nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium formula fertilization level was N3 P2 K2,namely high level nitrogen fertilizer,medium level phosphorus fertilizer and potassium fertilizer. I. japonica is a high fertilizer demand plant,and the rational fertilization scheme is " applying nitrogen fertilizer again and applying phosphorus and potassium fertilizer properly".


Subject(s)
Fertilizers , Inula , Chemistry , Nitrogen , Chemistry , Phosphorus , Chemistry , Potassium , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of different drying methods on the physical properties and drug delivery of chitosan microspheres.@*METHODS@#Three types of drying methods were utilized, including air drying and freeze drying after freezing at -20 ℃ (slow cooling) and at -80 ℃ (fast cooling). The physical properties of microspheres were characterized. Utilizing bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the model drug, the in-vitro release behaviors of drug-loaded beads were investigated.@*RESULTS@#By comparing the physical properties of the different drying methods, the microspheres' diameters, porosities, and surface area were observed to increase successively from air drying and slow cooling to fast cooling, whereas the pore size and the swelling and degradation rates varied. The drug-loading experiments revealed that the loading capacity of air-dried microspheres was the lowest and the release rate was the slowest. Although the loading capacity of fast cooling microspheres was high, an obvious burst release was observed. The loading capacity of slow cooling microspheres was similar to that of the fast cooling microspheres and the loaded BSA can be released continuously.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results indicate that different drying methods can affect the physical properties of chitosan microspheres, which further influence drug loading and release.


Subject(s)
Chitosan , Drug Carriers , Drug Compounding , Microspheres , Particle Size
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL