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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 104-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015244

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the body characteristics of adults from the Tibeto-Burman language group. Methods Totally 14 837 adults (6578 males and 8259 females) from 17 minorities were selected for investigation during 2015 to 2019 and these surveys were carried out in regions including Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan and Tibet Autonomous Region. Eight physical parameters (stature, sitting height, etc.) along with 4 corresponding indexes (stature-sitting index and the like) were carefully analyzed. The body characteristics of the Tibeto-Burman language group were then compared to those of certain minorities as well as Han in both northern and southern part of China based on our collected data. Results Among 17 minorities of the Tibeto-Burman language group, people from Pumi and Tibet were relatively tall and have longer trunk and limbs. The presence of wider trunk and thicker limbs appeared to be common in Tibetan individuals. Subjects from Lahu, Jino and Derung were in possession of shorter stature and limbs while the trunk of Naxi, Lisu and Achang people seemed wider. Compared with other ethnic groups in China, individuals from the Tibeto-Burman language group tended to own shorter stature accompanied by medium trunk width, probably sharing similar physical characteristics with those minorities in southern China, especially She and Li. Conclusion Among ethnic groups dotting in southern China, individuals from the Tibeto-Burman language group generally have medium stature, medium trunk height, and wide trunk whereas those from 3 Mon-Khmer groups, Va, Khmus and Blang, are shorter and smaller in width and height of the trunk.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 730-737, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015168

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the nutritional level, obesity status and the prevalence of frypertension in Blang, Deang and Va ethnic groups in Yunnan, to explore the relationship among nutritional physical index, obesity indicators and blood pressure, and use the cutoff value of related indicators to warn frypertension. Methods This paper was based on a statistical analysis of the 7 nutritional pfrysical indexes, 5 types of obesity status and frypertension status of 766 Blang, 570 Deang and 565 Va. Results We found that the nutritional pfrysique index of man)' items (4 items for men and 4 items for women) of Blang was significantly higher than that of Deang and Va (P Blang > Deang and the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). Conclusion Pelidisi' s index, WHR, and PBF all have good early warning effects on frypertension in all three ethnic groups.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 8-14, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969287

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveWe analyzed the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adult residents of Nanjing and explored its influencing factors in order to provide technical references for the prevention of metabolic syndrome. MethodsBased on the data of the Nanjing adult chronic disease thematic survey from January 2017 to June 2018, the influencing factors of metabolic syndrome were analyzed using multifactorial logistic regression model and decision tree model. ResultsThe weighted prevalence of metabolic syndrome among people aged 18 years and over in Nanjing was 16.14%(95%CI:16.12%‒16.16%). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was statistically different(P<0.05)among respondents with different demographic characteristics. Logistic regression model analysis showed that age, gender, education, physical activity level, marriage status, smoking status, drinking status, weight status, diabetes and hypertension family history were the influencing factors for the prevalence of metabolic syndrome(P<0.05). The results of the decision tree model showed that weight status was the most influential factor for metabolic syndrome, followed by age, gender, diabetes family history and smoking status. ConclusionThe prevalence of metabolic syndrome is high among the adult population in Nanjing, and special attention should be paid to middle-aged and elderly men who are overweight and obese, have a family history of diabetes and smoking.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2442-2447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999110

ABSTRACT

The trace chemical components in functional Monascus rice were studied to explore the potential bioactive substances. MCI column, Sephadex LH-20 gel, and preparative liquid chromatography were used to purified the ethyl acetate extract from functional Monascus rice. Two novel pyridine Monascus pigments were isolated and identified, named monascopyridine G (1) and monascopyridine H (2), respectively based on extensive mass spectrometry (MS), infrared radiation (IR), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. The molecular docking experiments between compounds 1 and 2 and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) showed that they exhibited obvious binding force with the receptor protein. Besides, the biosynthetic pathways of the two compounds were proposed, which provide a valuable reference for the selective production of these potential bioactive substances.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1304-1307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978783

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate liver inflammation and fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV infection with a low viral load. Methods Among the HBsAg-positive patients who attended Ganzhou Fifth People's Hospital from April 2019 to June 2022, 41 patients with 20 IU/mL 200-2 000 IU/mL and 4 (26.67%) had an HBV DNA level of 20-200 IU/mL; the patients with G2 liver inflammation accounted for 73.33% (11/15), and those with S2 liver fibrosis accounted for 46.67% (7/15); the patients with ALT ≤30 U/L accounted for 46.67% (7/15); the patients aged ≥30 years accounted for 86.66% (13/15); the patients with LSM > 17 kPa accounted for 6.67% (1/15), those with an LSM value of 12.4-17 kPa accounted for 46.67% (7/15), and those with an LSM value of 9.4-12.4 kPa accounted for 33.33% (5/15). Conclusion Patients with chronic HBV infection and low-level viremia have a relatively high risk of progression of inflammation and fibrosis. ALT level cannot be used as a basis for antiviral therapy in HBV-infected people with a low viral load. LSM based on transient elastography can be used as a noninvasive test to screen for CHB patients with a low viral load, and antiviral therapy should be considered when HBV-infected patients with a low viral load have an age of > 30 years and an LSM value of > 9.4 kPa persistently.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 884-886, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972422

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the differences in squint angle measured by right angle prism and isosceles angle prism.METHODS: Case control study. A total of 176 cases of concomitant strabismus admitted to our hospital from June 2021 to April 2022 were selected, among which 79 cases were concomitant esotropia and 97 cases were concomitant exotropia. The squint angle of all patients was measured respectively by alternating cover right angle prism and isosceles angle prism.RESULT: For patients with concomitant esotropia, the right angle prism degree was 49.167△±13.573△ and the isosceles angle prism degree was 38.250△±10.756△ (P&#x003C;0.01), with a difference of 10.917△±3.752△; the measurement of right angle prism converted to circular degree was 19.096°±2.456°, and the isosceles angle prism value was 20.847°±5.364°(P&#x003C;0.05), with a difference of 2.443°±2.702°. For patients with concomitant exotropia, the right angle prism degree was 51.875△±13.567△, and the isosceles angle prism degree was 40.492△±11.753△ (P&#x003C;0.01), with a difference of 11.383△±4.783△; the measurement of right angle prism converted to circular degree was 19.589°±2.521°, and the isosceles angle prism value was 21.947°±5.864°(P&#x003C;0.01), with a difference of 3.200°±3.077°. There was no significant statistical difference in the differences of the two prism degree and the circular degree for concomitant esotropia and concomitant exotropia(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The squint angle measured by different shaped prisms is different. The degree measured by right angle prism is larger than that by isosceles angle prism.

7.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 127-135, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971667

ABSTRACT

Stigmasterol is a plant sterol with anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect through multiple mechanisms. In this study, we further assessed whether it exerts protective effect on human brain microvessel endothelial cells (HBMECs) against ischemia-reperfusion injury and explored the underlying mechanisms. HBMECs were used to establish an in vitro oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) model, while a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of rats were constructed. The interaction between stigmasterol and EPHA2 was detected by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA). The results showed that 10 μmol·L-1 stigmasterol significantly protected cell viability, alleviated the loss of tight junction proteins and attenuated the blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage induced by OGD/R in thein vitro model. Subsequent molecular docking showed that stigmasterol might interact with EPHA2 at multiple sites, including T692, a critical gatekeep residue of this receptor. Exogenous ephrin-A1 (an EPHA2 ligand) exacerbated OGD/R-induced EPHA2 phosphorylation at S897, facilitated ZO-1/claudin-5 loss, and promoted BBB leakage in vitro, which were significantly attenuated after stigmasterol treatment. The rat MCAO model confirmed these protective effects in vivo. In summary, these findings suggest that stigmasterol protects HBMECs against ischemia-reperfusion injury by maintaining cell viability, reducing the loss of tight junction proteins, and attenuating the BBB damage. These protective effects are at least meditated by its interaction with EPHA2 and inhibitory effect on EPHA2 phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Stigmasterol , Phosphorylation , Endothelial Cells , Molecular Docking Simulation , Reperfusion Injury , Blood-Brain Barrier , Glucose , Microvessels , Oxygen
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3336-3350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007961

ABSTRACT

Zearalenone is one of the most widely polluted Fusarium toxins in the world, seriously endangering livestock and human health. Zearalenone hydrolase (ZHD) derived from Clonostachys rosea can effectively degrade zearalenone. However, the high temperature environment in feed processing hampers the application of this enzyme. Structure-based rational design may provide guidance for engineering the thermal stability of enzymes. In this paper, we used the multiple structure alignment (MSTA) to screen the structural flexibility regions of ZHD. Subsequently, a candidate mutation library was constructed by sequence conservation scoring and conformational free energy calculation, from which 9 single point mutations based on residues 136 and 220 were obtained. The experiments showed that the thermal melting temperature (Tm) of the 9 mutants increased by 0.4-5.6 ℃. The S220R and S220W mutants showed the best thermal stability, the Tm of which increased by 5.6 ℃ and 4.0 ℃ compared to that of the wild type. Moreover, the thermal half-inactivation time at 45 ℃ were 15.4 times and 3.1 times longer, and the relative activities were 70.6% and 57.3% of the wild type. Molecular dynamics simulation analysis showed that the interaction force at and around the mutation site was enhanced, contributing to the improved thermal stability of ZHD. The probability of 220-K130 hydrogen bond of the mutants S220R and S220W increased by 37.1% and 19.3%, and the probability of K130-D223 salt bridge increased by 30.1% and 12.5%, respectively. This work demonstrated the feasibility of thermal stability engineering strategy where the structural and sequence alignment as well as free energy calculation of natural enzymes were integrated, and obtained ZHD variants with enhanced thermal stability, which may facilitate the industrial application of ZHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydrolases , Zearalenone , Trichothecenes , Gene Library , Hydrogen Bonding
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 8-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970938

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the etiological diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. Methods: The study was a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of patients with PD-related peritonitis who were treated and underwent microbial cultivation and mNGS test at the same time from June 2020 to July 2021 in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were analyzed. The positive rate, detection time and consistency between mNGS test and traditional microbial culture were compared. Results: A total of 18 patients with age of (50.4±15.4) years old and median dialysis time of 34.0 (12.4, 62.0) months were enrolled in the study, including 11 males and 7 females. Pathogenic microorganisms were isolated in 17 patients by mNGS test, with a positive rate of 17/18, which was higher than 13/18 of microbial culture, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.219). Both mNGS test and microbial culture isolated positive pathogenic bacteria in 12 patients, and mNGS test isolated the same types of pathogenic bacteria as microbial cultivation did in 11 patients. In five patients with negative microbial culture, mNGS test also isolated pathogenic microorganisms, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 1 case of Ureaplasma urealyticum. In 1 patient, microbial culture isolated pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli) whereas mNGS test did not. The detection time of mNGS was 25.0 (24.0, 27.0) h, which was significantly shorter than 89.0 (72.8, 122.0) h of microbial culture (Z=3.726, P<0.001). Conclusions: mNGS test can improve the detection rate of pathogenic microorganisms in PD-related peritonitis and greatly shorten the detection time, and has good consistency with microbial culture. mNGS may provide a new approach for pathogen identification of PD-related peritonitis, especially refractory peritonitis.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Peritonitis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 95-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927915

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, Panax notoginseng saponins chitosan nanoparticles(PNS-NPs) were prepared by self-assembly and their appearance, particle size, encapsulation efficiency, drug loading, polydispersity index(PDI), Zeta potential, and microstructure were characterized. The prepared PNS-NPs were intact in structure, with an average particle size of(209±0.258) nm, encapsulation efficiency of 42.34%±0.28%, a drug loading of 37.63%±0.85%, and a Zeta potential of(39.8±3.122) mV. The intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs in rats was further studied. The established HPLC method of PNS was employed to investigate the effects of pH, perfusion rate, and different drugs(PNS raw materials, Xuesaitong Capsules, and PNS-NPs). The absorption rate constant(K_a) and apparent permeability coefficient(P_(app)) in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon were calculated and analyzed. As illustrated by the results, the intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs was increased in the perfusion solution at pH 6.8(P<0.05), and perfusion rate had no significant effect on the K_a and P_(app) of PNS-NPs. The intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs was significantly different from that of PNS raw materials and Xuesaitong Capsules(P<0.05), and the intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs was significantly improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chitosan/pharmacology , Intestinal Absorption , Nanoparticles , Panax notoginseng/chemistry , Saponins/pharmacology
11.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 381-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015333

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship hetween obesity indexes and body fat rate in Naxi a d u l t s. Methods A total of 687 Naxi adults aged between 18 and 90 were selected from Yulong County, Lijiang City, Yunnan Province. Body weight, height, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, biceps skinfold, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, suprailiac skinfold, anterior superior spine skinfold, body mass index (BMI), visceral fat index and body fat percentage were measured by anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis. And the indexes and body fat percentage were statistically analyzed. Results The average body fat percentage of Naxi men was normal, while the women was obese. According to the criteria of visceral fat index, the average visceral fat index of Naxi men and women was within the normal range. According to the waist circumference, the waist circumference of Naxi men was within the normal range, while the waist circumference of women belonged to abdominal obesity. Correlation analysis showed that body weight, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, biceps skinfold, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, suprailiac skinfold, anterior superior iliac spine skinfold, BMI, visceral fat index were positively correlated with body fat percentage among Naxi adults. There was the strongest correlation between visceral fat index and body fat percentage in Naxi men, followed by BMI; Naxi women' s chest circumference and body fat percentage, followed by waist circumference. Conclusion All the obesity indexes of Naxi adults are positively correlated with body fat percentage, and there are gender, regional and ethnic differences in the degree of correlation.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 374-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015330

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the predicted value of three different obesity indicators of on center obesity of Naxi and Pumi adult in Lijiang City, Yunnan Province; To calculate the best cut-off point of waist-to-height ratio(WHtR), body mass index(BMI) and abdominal volume index(AVT); And to compare the differences of BMI and WHtR between the Naxi, Pumi and North-South ethnic groups, so as to provide scientific reference for central obesity and related diseases. Methods By random sampling, 658 cases of Naxi adults (278 cases for men and 380 cases for women) and 496 cases of Pumi adults (2 1 6 cases for men and 280 cases for women) were selected as the subjects of the study, taking the internationally recognized visceral fat level (V F L) as the diagnostic criterion of central obesity, the relationship between WHtR, BMI, AVI and VFL was discussed by regression analysis, and the value of three obesity indicators was predicted by comparing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the subjects. Using Excel 2019 to draw diagrams and SPSS 23. 0 to process data. Results The six indicators of age, weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference and AVI of Naxi and Pumi men were statistically significant among different ethnic groups (P < 0 . 05); Naxi and Pumi women' s age, height, waist circumference, WHtR, BMI and abdominal volume index, the six indicators were statistically significant among different ethnic groups (P < 0 . 0 1) . Correlation analysis showed that the three indicators of WHtR, BMI and AVI were positively related to VFL (P< 0 . 0 1) . The ROC showed that the WHtR had the highest value for predicting central obesity in Naxi and Pumi men (P<0. 01), BMI had the highest value of predicting central obesity in Naxi and Pumi women (P<0. 0 1) . Cluster analysis showed that Naxi and Pumi males were similar to southern ethnic groups such as Lisu and Sui, Naxi females were similar to Zang and Jingpo, and Pumi females were similar to southern ethnic groups such as Lisu and Sui. Conclusion WHtR, BMI, AVI to determine central obesity are statistically significant, can be combined with BMI and AVI to determine Naxi, Pumi central obesity.

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 447-452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015314

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the the effect of exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the polarization of liver Kupffer cells. Methods After BMSCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, their surface molecular expression was identified by flow cytometry, and their differentiation potential was induced and identified by osteogenic and lipogenic induction media. Exosomes were extracted from the supernatant of BMSCs culture by exosomes extraction kit, and their morphology was observed by electron microscopy, and surface molecular expression was identified by flow cytometry. In vitro cultured Kupffer cells were randomly divided into normal culture, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation and LPS co-culture groups, and morphological changes in Kupffer cells were observed under light microscope. Sixty mice were injected intraperitoneally with CC1

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 506-511, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014110

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension ( PH) is occult, with no distinctive clinical manifestations and poor prognosis.Pulmonary vascular remodelling is an important pathological feature in which pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell ( PASMCs) pheno- typic switching plays a crucial role.MicroRNA (miRNA) is a class of evolutionary highly conserved single-stranded small non-coding RNA.Recently, an increasing number of scholars have found that miRNA can play an important role in the occurrence and development of PH by regulating the phenotypic switching of PASMCs, which is expected to be a potential target for the prevention and treatment of PH.It has been found that miR NA such as miR-221 , miR-24, miR-15b, miR-96, miR-23a.miR-9, miR-214, miR-20a can promote the phenotypic switching of PASMCs, while miRNA such as miR-21, miR-132, miR-182, miR-449, miR-206 .miR-124, miR-30c, miR-140.miR-17-92 cluster can inhibit it.This article aims to review the research progress on miRNA that mediates PASMCs phenotypic switching in PH from both growth factor-related miRNA and hy- poxia-related miRNA.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1209-1218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014036

ABSTRACT

Aim To evaluate the protective effect of α-asarone on microglials with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by measuring the expression of polar transformation and related inflammatory proteins in BV2 cells in vitro and its mechanisms.Methods The cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury BV2 cells were pretreated by α-asarone in vitro and simulated by OGD/R model.The effect of α-asarone on the viability of damaged cells in OGD/R model was determined by CCK-8; the morphological changes of cells were observed to analyze the general morphology of cells; the levels of proinflammatory factor IL-1β, IL-18 and anti-inflammatory factor IL-10, IL-4, and ROS activity secreted by BV2 cells were detected by ELISA; the protein expressions of TGF-β, TNF-α and inflammatory related protein NLRP3, caspase 1, p-NF-κB were detected by Western blot.Results The results of in vitro experiments were as follows: the activity of damaged cells in OGD/R model was significantly increased by α-asarone, with the increase of administration dose, the cells in the low, medium and high dose groups of α-asarone decreased, and the "amoeba-like" cells and the cell body were gradually became stereoscopic and full.From the results of cell morphology, it could be seen that α-asarone had a certain proliferative effect on normal cells; the release was significantly reduced of proinflammatory factor IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α in OGD/R injured BV2 cells pretreated with α-asarone, also increased the release of IL-10, IL-4 and TGF-β, with a dose-effect relationship, and the high dose(16 μmol·L-1)was the best; the expressions of inflammatory related protein NLRP3, caspase 1, NF-κB and ROS activity in injured cells of OGD/R model were significantly reduced after pretreatment with α-asarone.Conclusions α-asarone has a significant protective effect on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury, mainly by regulating ROS activity and inhibiting phosphorylation of NF-κB, in order to reduce the excessive activation of NLRP3 inflammatory corpuscles reducing the secretion of proinflammatory factor IL-1β and IL-18, promoting the secretion of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 and IL-4, so as to protect cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by anti-inflammatory reaction.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1601-1606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013977

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota is a bridge between the metabolism and health state of the host,which plays a very important role in maintaining homeostasis. Natural polysaccharides,widely existed in nature,are a kind of biological macromolecules with prebiotics effects,which can improve a degree of physiological status by selectively changing the gut microbiota structure and function,enhancing the content of short chain fatty acids(SCFAs)and decreasing the level of inflammatory cytokines. In addition,the majority of polysaccharides can be degraded by gut microbiota to enhance their bioavailability and to promote the health state of the host. In this paper we discuss the interaction among polysaccharides and gut microbiotanatural,degradation mechanism and review gut microbiota as a target in the treatment of metabolic diseases,so as to provide future prospects of natural polysaccharides as " prebiotics " functional factors in the field of biological medicine and health products.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 543-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk factors of residual tumor after thermal ablation in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:This was a retrospective study recruiting 107 patients diagnosed as single hepatocellular carcinoma with maximum diameter ≤3 cm from December 2009 to August 2015 in National Cancer Center. The cohort enrolled 81 males and 26 females, including 83 patients younger than 70 years old. All patients were treated with radiofrequency ablation or microwave ablation, and evaluated by CT or MRI after 4-6 weeks compared with baseline data. Potentially related factors were analyzed such as patients′ characteristics, tumor location and adjacent, ablation pattern, hepatitis B/C infection. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted for the independence of risk factors.Results:Six patients (5.6%) with residual tumor was detected in the whole population of 101 cases. Univariate analysis suggested that tumor adjacent to vascular structure, poor differentiation, AFP≥200 μg/L were the risk factors of residue disease (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression suggested that pathological type of poorly differentiated tumor was the only independent risk factor ( HR=2.26,95% CI 0.25-20.50, P=0.030). Conclusions:Poorly differentiated pathology is an independent predictive factor for residual disease in small hepatocellular carcinoma after thermal ablation. Such patients should be routinely followed up after operation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 27-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences of the clinical characteristics and laboratory indexes in children with positive dense fine spot (DFS) type anti-nuclear antibody, and thereby to explore the value of positive DFS in the diagnosis of immunological diseases.Methods:Among 9 613 cases who were routinely tested for antinuclear antibody (ANA) from August 2017 to February 2020, there were 197 cases with DFS positive, who were subjected to a retrospective analysis.These patients were divided into the autoimmune diseases (AID) group (39 cases) and the non-AID group (158 cases) according to clinical diagnosis.Healthy children in the same physical examination were used as healthy control group (40 cases). T test was applied to analyze the differences of humoral immunity markers between AID and non-AID groups.What′s more, DFS positive patients in different clinical departments, initial symptom and the part of body were further compared. Results:Among 9 613 children tested for autoantibodies, 2 654 (27.61%) were ANA positive, with the highest detection rate of the spotted type and 197 DFS positive cases, accoun-ting for 7.42% of ANA positive children; 97 DFS positive male patients accounted for 8.20% (97/1 183 case) of ANA positive male patients, 100 DFS positive female patients accounted for 6.80% (100/1 471 cases) of ANA positive female patients, and there was no significant difference in the positive rate.The departments with high positive ANA detection included the nephrology department (27.88%) and the rheumatology department (24.83%). The departments with a higher ANA positive rate in DFS positive children included the gastroenterology department (13.25%) and the infectious department (11.76%). Among the children with DFS antibody positive, 39 cases had AID, among which 38 cases had organ-specific AID, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) had the highest detection rate in 13 cases.The diseases with a high DFS positive rate in 158 non-AID cases included allergic purpura (46 cases). Serum immunoglobulin (IgG) level in the AID group was significantly lower than this in the non-AID group, serum IgM and C 4 levels in AID children were significantly lower than those in the non-AID group and healthy control group, and the serum IgA level of DFS positive group was significantly higher than that of children in the healthy control group.All children with DFS antibody positive had no specific autoantibodies. Conclusions:DFS antibody positive is important for the diagnosis of systemic AID in children.The combined detection with the DFS, other autoimmunity antibody index, humoral immune function index contributes to the early differential diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in children.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1437-1440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955857

ABSTRACT

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has a long treatment course and a low sputum-negative conversion rate, which have always been the treatment challenges. New drugs for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis have been constantly explored by scholars worldwide. Multiple antibacterial drugs have been found to have the therapeutic effects on multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Treatment options that can shorten the duration of tuberculosis are also being explored. Addition of certain antibacterial drugs has been found to shorten the duration of tuberculosis. This paper reviews the effects of antibacterial drugs against tuberculosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 74-79, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912995

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the impact of different surgical strategies for moderate functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) at the time of aortic valve replacement (AVR) on patients' prognosis. Methods    A total of 118 AVR patients, including 84 males and 34 females, aged 58.1±12.4 years, who were complicated with moderate FMR were retrospectively recruited. Patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment strategy of mitral valve: a group A (no intervention, n=11), a group B (mitral valve repair, n=51) and a group C (mitral valve replacement, n=56). The primary endpoint was the early and mid-term survival of the patients, and the secondary endpoint was the improvement of FMR. Results    The median follow-up time was 29.5 months. Five patients died perioperatively, all of whom were from the group C. Early postoperative FMR improvement rates in the group A and group B were 90.9% and 94.1% (P=0.694). The mid-term mortality in the three groups were 0.0%, 5.9% and 3.9%, respectively (P=0.264), while the incidences of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were 0.0%, 9.8% and 17.7%, respectively (P=0.230). Improvements of FMR in the group A and group B were 100.0% and 94.3% at the mid-term follow-up (P>0.05). Conclusion    For patients receiving AVR with moderate FMR, conservative treatment or concurrent repair of mitral valve may be more reasonable, while mitral valve replacement may increase the incidence of early and mid-term adverse events.

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