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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 92-97,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with unresectable locally advanced (stage Ⅲb/c) or unresectable stage Ⅳ gastric cancer were collected from May 2017 to may 2019 in the Department of Surgical Oncology, Anqing Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Among them, there were 25 males and 8 females with an average age of 65.48±9.00 years. According to the data of patients with conversion therapy efficacy and postoperative pathology and other factors for statistics, using univariate and multivariate analysis method to evaluate its correlation with the prognosis of patients.Results:Of 33 patients, 2 patients were complete remission, 18 patients were partial remission, the objective response rate(ORR) was 60.6%. 20 patients recevied surgical treatment, 17 patients achieved R0 resection. The median overall survival(mOS) of all 33 patients was (18.6±4.5) months. The mOS of patients who underwent surgical treatment was (25.7±10.99) months, which in patients without surgical treatment was (11.2±2.5) months( P=0.004). The mOS of stage Ⅲb/c patients Was (18.9±10.99) months, and of stage Ⅳ patients was (11.3±0.35) months( P=0.568). Univariate analysis showed that preoperative chemotherapy cycle ≥4 weeks had a better prognosis than patients with less than 4 cycles ( P=0.003), TRG score 1/2 patients had a better prognosis ( P=0.001), and positive lymph nodes ≥7 was risk factor. Multivariate analysis showed that positive lymph nodes ≥7 was the only independent prognostic factor ( P=0.013). Conclusion:For patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer, surgical resection after conversion therapy can improve patient survival, adequate preoperative chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of patients with at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism and compatibility characteristics of Baimai ointment (BMO) in the treatment of white vein disease from the network perspective based on system theory, so as to provide biological basis for its clinical application. Method:The chemical components and the corresponding candidate target spectra of BMO were obtained from The Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP). According to the clinicopathological characteristics of white vein disease, focusing on four diseases/symptoms including neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, chronic pain and lumbar disc herniation root neuralgia, the gene sets related to white vein disease were collected in Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO), DisGeNET and other databases, then the interaction network of the targets of active components in BMO-gene sets related to white vein disease was constructed. On this basis, the hub network nodes were selected and enriched for exploring the mechanism of four functional groups of BMO in the treatment of white vein disease such as Huoxue Tongluo group (Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Moschus, Tronae), Xingqi Zhitong group (Myristicae Semen, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Acori Calami Rhizoma), Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group (Zingiberis Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Caraway) and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group (Actinolite, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). Result:The enriched pathways of the four functional groups in BMO were mainly distributed in three modules of nervous system function, inflammation-immune system regulation and body energy metabolism, and each module was connected by common target genes especially had its own focus. Among them, the regulation of nervous system function in Huoxue Tongluo group and Xingqi Zhitong group could be summarized as Huoxue Buqi and Xingshen Kaiqiao. Xingqi Zhitong group and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group were mainly used to promote the operation of Qi, promote blood metaplasia, enhance immunity and maintain the regulation of inflammation-immune system. Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group and Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group mainly regulated body energy metabolism by invigorating the spleen and supplementing Qi as well as warm-heat medicine. The whole formula focused on the multi-dimensional and multi-level mechanism of BMO in the intervention of white vein disease. Each functional group emphasized its respective characteristics in nervous system function, inflammation-immune regulation, and body energy metabolism. Two types of networks analysis models complemented and verified each other. Conclusion:BMO plays a role in the treatment of white vein disease mainly by regulating the function of nervous system, maintaining the balance of inflammation-immune system and interfering with energy metabolism. The relevant research results can provide reference for the in-depth exploration of the mechanism of BMO, and help to guide the clinical rational use of this preparation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical features and genetic cause for a Chinese pedigree affected with microphthalmia.@*METHODS@#The proband and his parents were subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES) to identify potential pathogenic variants. Sanger sequencing was carried out to confirm the result of WES in available members from the pedigree. Prenatal diagnosis was provided to the proband's mother by genetic testing of amnionic DNA.@*RESULTS@#A heterozygous nonsense mutation c.289C>T (p.R97*) was identified in the OTX2 gene among three patients from the pedigree by WES. The result was confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The proband's mother has carried the same mutation but did not have microphthalmia. The proband's father, aunt and the mother's fetus did not carry the mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.289C>T (p.R97*) mutation probably underlies the microphthalmia in this pedigree. Above result has facilitated genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Male , Microphthalmos/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912885

ABSTRACT

Objective: To collect, compare and analyze the changes in the strength and stability of the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation before and after the training in Shaolin Neigong (internal Qigong). Methods: Ninety first-year undergraduates were randomized into three groups using the random number table method, with 30 people in each group. The Gongfa (Qigong method) group received training in both Shaolin Neigong and forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation. The manipulation group only received training in forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation. The control group only received training in forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation for one week. The ZTC-1 intelligent Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation parameter detection system was used to collect the wave crest, wave trough, and crest-trough difference of the strength and frequency of the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation on the Z-axis (up and down), X-axis (left and right) and Y-axis (backward and forward) at weeks one, five and ten from the three groups. The collected data were then processed and analyzed. Results: The intra-group comparisons showed statistical significance in the Gongfa group and manipulation group (P<0.05). The strength and stability shown on the axes Z, X, and Y constantly grew with the increase of training time in the Gongfa group. The wave crest on the axes Z and Y steadily rose in the manipulation group, as well as the frequency on the axes Z, X and Y. The control group failed to show statistical significance in any of the three times of intra-group comparisons (P>0.05). The between-group comparisons showed statistical significance among the three groups at weeks five and ten (P<0.05). At week five, the wave crest on the axes Z, X, and Y, and the crest-trough difference on the axes X and Y were more prominent in the Gongfa group than in the manipulation group, showing statistical significance (P<0.05). At week ten, the wave crest, wave trough, and crest-trough differences on the axes Z, X, and Y were more prominent in the Gongfa group than in the manipulation group, presenting statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion: Practicing Shaolin Neigong can help the trainees reach the level of strength and frequency of Tuina clinicians in a shorter time in the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation training. It can advance the efficiency in studying the forearm Rou-Kneading manipulation and promote the quality of the manipulation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in female periurethral benign solid lesions (PBSL).Methods:Twenty-one female patients (21 lesions) with PBSL identified pathologically within the process of cystoscope or surgery from June 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. All of them underwent urethral examination (UE) and TLUS. The detection rates of the lesions of UE and TLUS were compared, and the ultrasonic diagnostic accuracy and ultrasonic manifestations were analyzed.Results:Sixteen of the 21 patients showed lower urinary tract symptoms (76.19%). Among the 21 lesions, the detection rates of UE and TLUS were 52.38% (11/21) and 85.71% (18/21), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.019). The length of 18 lesions detected by TLUS was (1.79±1.04)cm, and 13 lesions (72.22%) were shorter than 3 cm. Among 18 cases, urethral caruncle (13 cases) was the most common benign periurethral mass, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral caruncle showed hyperecho lesions in the middle and distal urethra, and the blood flow was mostly in a branch-like distribution. At the same time, there were 5 cases of urethral myoma and other solid lesions, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral myoma showed clear boundary, low echo and peripheral short strip blood flow. Using pathological results as the gold standard, the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis was 88.89% (16/18). Conclusions:TLUS is able to improve the detection rate of periurethral benign solid lesions, and the diagnostic concordant rate is acceptable.TLUS can provide more diagnostic and therapeutic information.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the composition characteristics of rhizosphere soil under <italic>Rehmannia glutinosa-Zea mays</italic> intercropping model,and screen out special signal substances in rhizosphere soil of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> under intercropping <italic>Z. mays</italic>, so as to provide the basis for the study of allelopathic substances in continuous cropping obstacle of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic>. Method:In this experiment,rhizosphere soils of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> under <italic>Z. mays </italic>intercropping and <italic>R. glutinosa </italic>single cropping models in July,August,September and October were taken as the research objects, and the volatile organic compounds in ethyl acetate fraction were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Principal component analysis (PCA), hierachical cluster analysis (HCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) analysis were performed on the data by SIMCA 14.1 to screen out potential differences in volatile organic compounds between the two models. Result:The types of volatile organic compounds in intercropping and single cropping models were mainly hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ketones, amides, acids and other substances. Specifically, the average relative contents of hydrocarbons,esters and amides in intercropping model were 58.46%,32.15% and 5.42% respectively,while the relative contents of hydrocarbons,esters and amides in single cropping model were 37.27%,36.11% and 21.13%. The results of PCA and HCA showed that the characteristics of volatile organic compounds in the ethyl acetate fraction of rhizosphere soil under intercropping and single cropping models could be clearly divided into two categories,the screening results of potential differential components based on OPLS-DA analysis indicated that various components, such as dibutyl phthalate,(<italic>Z</italic>)-9-oleamide,<italic>β</italic>-caryophyllene,dioctyl iso-phthalate, phthalate (2-propylamyl) diester, <italic>n</italic>-hexadecane,octodecane, <italic>n</italic>-heneicosane, were screened from rhizosphere soil under the two models. Conclusion:The <italic>R. glutinosa-Z. mays</italic> intercropping model has certain effects on the volatile organic compounds in the rhizosphere soil of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic>,and the effect of the selected components on the growth and quality characteristics of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> still need to be further studied.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The side effects of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and myelosuppression reduce the cancer patients' adherence to chemotherapy. Many Chinese patients choose Chinese medicine (CM) during chemotherapy to reduce side effects; however, the evidence is lacking. The efficacy of a CM herbal treatment protocol, Jianpi Bushen Sequential Formula (, JBSF) will be evaluated on chemotherapy completion rate among patients with colon cancer.@*METHODS@#A multi-center double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be conducted on 400 patients with colon cancer who will receive 8 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CAPEOX). Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive the JBSF or placebo formula. The primary outcome is the overall chemotherapy completion rate. The secondary outcomes include individual chemotherapy completion rate, 4-cycle completion rate of chemotherapy, time to treatment failure, relative dose intensity and treatment toxicity. Follow-up visits will be scheduled before every and after last chemotherapy.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will provide evidence on whether JBSF can improve the chemotherapy completion rate and reduce side effects among patients with colon cancer. (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT03716518).


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Nausea , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921694

ABSTRACT

Phenylpropanoids are one of the major chemical constituents in Zanthoxylum species. They include simple phenylpropanoids, coumarins, and lignans and possess anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, insecticidal, and antifeedant activities. This review summarizes the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities from the Zanthoxylum plants in hopes of providing reference for the research and application of phenylpropanoids from this genus.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Coumarins/pharmacology , Lignans , Plant Extracts , Zanthoxylum
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888135

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the effects of planting density on the development, quality, and gene transcription characte-ristics of Rehmannia glutinosa using 85-5 and J9 as materials with three planting densities of 5 000, 25 000, and 50 000 plants/Mu(1 Mu≈667 m~2). The agronomic characteristics of leaves and tuberous roots, the content of catalpol and acteoside, and the changes of gene expression were determined. The results showed that the leaf size, the diameter of tuberous root, leaf biomass, tuberous root number, and tuberous root biomass per plant at low density were significantly higher than those of medium and high densities. The content of catalpol and acteoside in leaves was higher at high density. The content of catalpol in tuberous roots was higher at low density, and the change trend was similar to that in leaves, while the content of acteoside in tuberous roots was higher at high density. Transcriptome analysis found that about 1/2 of the expansin genes could change regularly in response to density treatment, which was rela-ted to the development of tuberous roots. The change trend of the gene expression of multiple catalytic enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of catalpol and acteoside was consistent with that of their content, which was presumedly involved in the accumulation and regulation of density-responsive medicinal components. Based on the analysis of the development, medicinal components, and gene expression characteristics of R. glutinosa at different densities, this study is expected to provide an important basis for regulating the quality and yield of medicinal materials of R. glutinosa by managing the planting density.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Roots/genetics , Rehmannia/genetics , Transcription, Genetic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885593

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of ankle stretching on ankle biomechanics, balance, walking ability and ability in the activities of daily living among stroke survivors.Methods:Eighteen hemiplegic stroke survivors were randomly divided into an experimental group ( n=9) and a control group ( n=9). In addition to routine medication and rehabilitation training, the experimental group received 20 minutes of ankle joint stretching daily while the control group underwent an additional twenty minutes of routine rehabilitation training. Before and after the treatment, both groups′ ankle joint stiffness (K), muscle strength, active range of motion (AROM) and passive range of motion (PROM) were evaluated. They were also assessed using the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), the Fugl-Meyer lower extremity assessment (FMA-LE), the Berg balance scale (BBS), the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and the modified Barthel Index (MBI). Results:After two weeks of treatment significant improvement was observed in the AROM and muscle strength of both groups in dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. The average BBS and FMA-LE scores of both groups had also improved significantly. Significant improvement in the average PROM of plantarflexion and the K of dorsiflexion, as well as in average MBI score was observed only in the treatment group. After two weeks the treatment group′s average muscle strength in plantarflexion and dorsiflexion was significantly better than the control group′s.Conclusions:Stretching can reduce ankle stiffness, improve the range of motion, muscle strength, and ability of in the activities of daily living after a stroke.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between intraoperative concentration of C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13) in peripheral blood and postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients under general anesthesia.Methods:Ninety-three patients of both sexes, aged 65-85 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ, scheduled for elective hip replacement under general anesthesia, were selected.Peripheral venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of CXCL13 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) before anesthesia and during surgery (30 min after skin incision). The Confusion Assessment Method Scale in Chinese was used to detect the development of POD every day within 7 days after surgery in 2 groups.The patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group.Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD.Results:Seventeen patients developed POD (19%). There was significant difference in ages, preoperative mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores before surgery, hospital stay time and intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood between group non-POD and group POD ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative MMSE scores, intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood and advanced ages were independent risk factors for the development of POD ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative MMES scores, intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood and advanced ages are independent risk factors for the development of POD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879119

ABSTRACT

Classical Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) are a kind of modern preparation developed from the experience of compatibility and application about ancient prescriptions. Its rich history of human use and reliable clinical efficacy imply the unique theoretical essence and precious value of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). With the development of evidence-based medicine and the improvement of medical policy, it is particularly urgent to evaluate the clinical values of post-marketing classical CPMs. In this paper, some problems on the clinical value evaluation of CPMs would be described, and it is considered that the simplified evaluation procedures can lead to the lack of evidence for evaluating clinical value of CPMs, causing the difficulty in evaluating the quality of CPM, lack of R&D motivation of enterprises, low content of science and technology, and poor international development. Based on this background, it points out that the clinical value evaluation is the core of the post-marketing evaluation of the classical CPMs, and the eva-luation should be based on the direction of literature research and the latest practice. We should adhere to the research mode of combination disease with syndrome, and select the appropriate type of trials, with clinical efficacy, health economic benefits and safety eva-luation as the main content of the studies, in order to refine the indications and standardize the clinical positioning. Clinical value eva-luation is the basis and main content of post-marketing comprehensive researches on classic and famous CPMs to clarify their clinical value, obtain the conditions for continued marketingand standardize their clinical application, so as to optimize the evidence and quality service of classic and famous CPMs and inherit the core value concept of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the collected data of adverse events (AEFI) of pneumonia vaccine in Shanghai from 2010 to 2020,, so as to provide the appropriate immunization strategy and popularization of science for pneumonia vaccine . Methods:the data of suspected adverse events were collected from National AEFI Surveillance System during 2010 to 2020, and the vaccination information of pneumonia vaccine was obtained from Shanghai Vaccination Information System. Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analysis. Results:The total 18 446 AEFI cases were reported in Shanghai from 2010 to 2020, and the incidence rate was 425.0/100 000 doses. The general reactions were reported as 18 003 cases (97.6%), with 393 cases of abnormal reactions (2.0%), 57 cases of coincidences (0.3%), 2 cases of psychogenic reactions (<0.1%) and no vaccine quality accident or vaccination accident was reported. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate between male and female; The incidence rate of AEFI decreased with the age of the old. The incidence rate of 23 valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) AEFI was 476.5/100 000 doses, which was significantly lower than that of other kinds of pneumonia vaccine. The first dose was also significantly higher than that of non-first dose. Conclusion:The various types of pneumonia vaccines being used in Shanghai have high safety.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a pedigree affected with Norrie disease.@*METHODS@#Four individuals from the core family of the proband were subjected to whole exome sequencing in order to identify the pathological variant. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the finding among 7 additional members from the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#The proband and other 3 male patients have all carried a hemizygote c.361C>T (p.Arg121Trp) missense variant of the NDP gene, for which his mother, grandmother and two younger female cousins were heterozygous carriers. The same variant was not detected among unaffected males. Above results conformed to a X-linked recessive pattern of inheritance.@*CONCLUSION@#The missense variant c.361C>T of the NDP gene probably underlies the Norrie disease in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Blindness , Genetics , Eye Proteins , Genetics , Female , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Genetics , Humans , Male , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Nervous System Diseases , Genetics , Pedigree , Retinal Degeneration , Genetics , Spasms, Infantile , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted rehabilitation cycling on motor function, cardiopulmonary fitness and activities of daily living in patients with subacute stroke. Methods:From January, 2016 to April, 2019, 60 patients with first-onset stroke at subacute stage were divided into control group (n = 30) and experimental group (n = 30). The experimental group and the control group received cycling training with or without FES based on the routine treatment for four weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and modified Barthel Index (MBI), and measured peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) before and after treatment. Results:The scores of FMA and MBI, and VO2peak increased in both groups after treatment (|t| > 7.889, P < 0.001), and the scores of FMA and VO2peak increased more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 3.332, P < 0.01). Conclusion:FES-assisted rehabilitation cycling could promote the recovery of motor function, cardiopulmonary fitness and activities of daily living in subacute stroke patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905413

ABSTRACT

Neuromuscular training includes muscle strength training, balance training, sensitivity training, proximal control training and proprioceptive training, which is an important rehabilitation training method after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Neuromuscular training can improve the neuromuscular control and stability of knee after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and promote the recovery of motor ability. The effect of neuromuscular training is related with gender, age and training content, and needed more studies.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of curricular reforms of physical medicine and rehabilitation in medical engineering interdisciplinary on learning of eight-year medical students. Methods:The eight-year medical students studying Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Tsinghua University in 2018 and 2019 were enrolled into control group (n = 20) and observation group (n = 18), respectively. The control group used routine courses and studied with teachers of rehabilitation medicine; while the observation group added neuroscience theory and new advances, the development of functional magnetic resonance and application in rehabilitation medicine, new technology and progress in medical engineering in the course, and studied with teachers of electronic engineering, mechanical engineering and medicine. Their performances were compared. The observation group was surveyed with self-designed questionaire. Results:The performance of paper test, general test and total test were higher in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.694, P < 0.01). The questionnaire showed that the observation group could better understand the course of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the development of medical engineering interdisciplinary crossing and translational research within physical medicine and rehabilitation, and they thought it was more necessary to study the new course after the curriculum finished (|Z| > 2.304, P < 0.05). The proportion of students who were interested and very interested in medical engineering interdisciplinary crossing and translational research within physical medicine and rehabilitation increased from 77.78% to 94.44% (P = 0.222), and the the proportion of students who were probably and very probably engaged in physical medicine and rehabilitation increased from 61.11% to 83.33% (P =0.043). Conclusion:The curricular reforms in medical engineering interdisciplinary crossing could raise the interest and improve the test performance of eight-year students with physical medicine and rehabilitation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether ultrafine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma (UPG) can alleviate the learning and memory impairment of vascular dementia rats and delay the process of VD, and whether this effect is related to the release of acetylcholine (Ach) through the regulation with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and control of cholinergic system. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, UPG low dose group (0.45 g·kg-1), UPG high dose group (1.8 g·kg-1) and Huperzine A group (80 μg·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The drug administration groups were given orally drugs once a day for 8 weeks, and sham group and model group were given orally the same amount of distilled water. The learning and memory ability of the rats with VD were evaluated by the Morris water maze. Htoxylin eosin(HE) staining was used for pathomorphological observation of hippocampus CA1 area of the rats. The content of Ach was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), AChE and ChAT protein expressions were detected by Western blot, and expression of ChAT in hippocampus CA1 area was observed by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, the escape latency of the model group was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the frequency of crossings platform and the time of staying in the target quadrant were reduced significantly (P<0.01). HE staining of hippocampal tissues from VD rat showed neuron disorders, loss and degeneration and necrosis, pyknosis of the nucleus and light coloration of the cytoplasm. The level of acetylcholine in the hippocampus was significantly decreased by ELISA (P<0.05), the expression level of AChE protein was significantly up-regulated, and the expression level of ChAT protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01). Compared with model group, each administration group could significantly reduce the escape latency of the model rats, and significantly increase the frequency of crossing platform and the time of staying in the target quadrant (P<0.01), the content of Ach was significantly increased (P<0.05), the expression of AChE protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01), while the expression of ChAT protein was significantly up-regulated (P<0.01). Conclusion:UPG improves the learning and memory ability of vascular dementia rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of Ach, ChAT level and the decrease of AChE level.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe clinical effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Si Junzitang combined with Simotang to outlet obstructive constipation (OOC) after stapled trans-anal rectal resection (STARR). Method:One hundred and twenty-four patients were randomly divided into control group (62 cases) and observation group (62 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got Qirong Ruichang oral liquid, 20 mL/time, 3 times/day. After operation, patients in observation group got addition and subtraction therapy of Si Junzitang combined with Simotang, 1 dose/day. And courses of treatment in two groups were 4 weeks, and 8 weeks' follow-up was recorded. Before the operation and at the second and fourth week after treatment, and the eighth week of follow-up, scores of main symptoms of constipation and Longo ODS were graded. Before the operation and at the fourth week after treatment, levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), constipation patients quality of life self-assessment scale (PAC-QOL), anorectal pressure, anal resting pressure (ARP), maximum anal systolic pressure (MSP), rectal defecation pressure (RSP), FSV, CRS and MTV were recorded. And incidence, recurrence, normal defecation, satisfaction at the fourth week after the operation and safety were evaluated. Result:The clinical rate in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.096, P<0.05). At the second, fourth after treatment and eigh weeks' for follow-up, score of main symptoms of constipation and Longo ODS were both lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Levels of ARP, FSV, FSV, CRS and MDA were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), levels of MSP, RSP and SOD were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Incidence and recurrence rate in observation group were 20.97% (13/62) and 4.84% (3/62) were all lower than 39.71% (24/62) and 16.13% (10/62) in control group (P<0.05). Normal defecation rate in observation group was 91.94% (57/62) higher than 80.65% (50/62) in control group, but there was no statistical significance in two groups. And total score of PAC-QOL and scores of each factor were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Then there was no adverse reaction related to the traditional Chinese medicine. Conclusion:Addition and subtraction therapy of Si Junzitang combined with Simotang can reduce constipation symptoms and the degree of illness, improve the quality of life, reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and recurrence rate, and improve anorectal dynamic indicators and oxidative stress indicators, improve the clinical efficacy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the blood perfusion volume variation pattern in the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and the Xi-Cleft points during the menstrual cycle in female college students with moderate constitution under normal physiological state of the uterus; to explore the specific laws of the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and Xi-Cleft points in response to the uterine qi and blood changes under normal physiological conditions, and to provide the experimental basis for the specificity of acupoints reflecting the uterine function. Methods: Forty-three healthy and moderate constitution female college students with regular menstrual cycles, without dysmenorrhea and not yet giving birth were recruited. Bilateral Yuan-Primary points [Taichong (LR 3), Taibai (SP 3) and Taixi (KI 3)] and Xi-Cleft points [Zhongdu (LR 6), Diji (SP 8) and Shuiquan (KI 5)], belonging to the three yin meridians of foot and adjacent to the spinal cord segment of the uterus, were selected as the detection acupoints; the crossing point of the three yin meridians of foot [Sanyinjiao (SP 6)], the uterus-related meridian acupoint [Xuehai (SP 10)], the uterus-non-related meridian acupoint [Xuanzhong (GB 39)], and the non-meridian non-acupoint point were selected as the control points. The laser speckle blood flow imaging technique was used to monitor the blood perfusion volume in skin microcirculation at the above points at the menstrual, follicular, ovulatory, and luteal phases of the subjects. Results: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at the right Zhongdu (LR 6) at the ovulatory phase was higher than that at the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the microcirculation blood perfusion volume at the other points among different phases (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at Zhongdu (LR 6), the Xi-Cleft point of the Liver Meridian, shows a specific response to qi and blood changes in the uterus of women with moderate constitution.

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