Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 105
Filter
1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 155-161, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms of Buyang Huanwu Decoction (BYHWD) modulating the gut microbiome and trimethylamine oxide (TAMO) to exert cardioprotective effects.@*METHODS@#Ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery was performed in rats to induce heart failure (HF). Except for the sham-operation group (n=10), 36 operation-induced models were randomized into 3 groups using a random number table (n=12 in each group): the model group, the BYHWD group (15.02 g/kg BYHWD), and the positive group (4.99 g/kg metoprolol succinate). After 4-week treatment (once daily by gavage), echocardiography was applied to evaluate the cardiac function and the Tei index (the ratio of ventricular isovolumic contraction time (IVCT) and isovolumic diastolic time (IVRT) to ejection time (ET)) was calculated; hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was observed to characterize the pathology of the myocardium and small intestinal villi. D-lactic acid was detected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Expressions of occludin, claudin-1, and zonula occludens (ZO-1) were detected by Western blot. 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (16S rRNA) sequencing was used to explore the changes in the intestinal flora. TMAO was detected via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).@*RESULTS@#In the echocardiography, the Tei index was considerably lower in the positive and BYHWD groups compared with the model group (P<0.05). Besides, BYHWD improved the pathology of myocardium and small intestine of HF rats and lowered the D-lactic acid content in the serum, when compared with the model group (P<0.05). BYHWD also improved the expression of occludin and claudin-1 (P<0.05); in the gut microbiota analysis, BYHWD slowed down modifications in the structure distribution of gut microbiota and regulated the diversity of intestinal flora in HF rats. The content of TMAO in the serum was significantly lowered by BYWHT compared with the model group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BYHWD may delay progression of HF by enhancing the intestinal barrier structure, and regulating intestinal flora and TAMO.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Chromatography, Liquid , Claudin-1 , Occludin , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Heart Failure
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 504-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991350

ABSTRACT

Under the background of "Medical Education Synergy", the clinical practice ability of postgraduates has been significantly improved, and the post competency has been enhanced. However, the "cultivation goal orientation" focuses on clinical practice, the education management department has weakened the cultivation of scientific research literacy, and the postgraduate tutors have not paid enough attention. As a result, the cultivation of scientific research literacy of professional degree postgraduates is seriously affected, and their scientific research ability is obviously weak. Taking gastroenterology as an example, by optimizing the course setting and rotation plan arrangement, attaching importance to the management of the graduate management department and the tutor responsibility system, and strengthening the application of interdisciplinary in the innovation and development of disciplines, we have explored an educational plan for cultivating professional degree postgraduates. The clinical practice and clinical research capabilities of postgraduates majoring in gastroenterology have been synergistically developed with remarkable results.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 256-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970188

ABSTRACT

Endovascular treatment of Stanford type B aortic dissection (type B dissection) has been widely used. There will be complications such as aortic dilatation, which will lead to poor prognosis of some patients. With more in-depth researches, it was found that there was a possible correlation between the prognosis of type B dissection and tears, such as the increasing of aortic diameter would be faster with longer tears, and the location of the tear will affect the thrombosis of the false lumen. Studies on hemodynamics have also found that different characteristics of tears of aortic dissection can cause changes in the pressure, blood flow rate and blood capacity in the true and false lumens recently. The hemodynamic changes can be used to predict the prognosis of type B dissection. The main characteristics of tears included the size, position, number of tears, residual tears and stent graft induced new entry. Describing the effect of tear characteristics on the development of type B dissection, can provide the basis for the clinical treatment and further research of type B dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Hemodynamics , Prognosis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Thrombosis/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 319-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of kaempferol on proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) KG1a cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Human AML KG1a cells in logarithmic growth stage were taken and set at 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml kaempferol group, another normal control group (complete medium without drug) and solvent control group (add dimethyl sulfoxide) were also set. After 24 and 48 hours of intervention, the cell proliferation rate was detected by CCK-8 assay. In addition, interleukin-6 (IL-6) combined with kaempferol group (Plus 20 μg/l IL-6 and 75 μg/ml kaempferol) was set up, 48 hours after culture, the cell cycle and apoptosis of KG1a cells were detected by flow cytometry, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of KG1a cells was detected by MMP detection kit (JC-1 method), and the expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway related proteins in KG1a cells were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The cell proliferation rate of 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml kaempferol group decreased significantly (P<0.05), and with the increase of kaempferol dose (r24 h=-0.990, r48 h= -0.999), the cell proliferation rate decreased gradually (P<0.05). The inhibitory effect of 75 μg/ml kaempferol on cell proliferation reached half of effective dose after 48 hours of intervention. Compared with normal control group, the G0/G1 phase cell proportion and apoptosis rate of cells in 25, 50 and 75 μg/ml kaempferol group increased, while the S phase cell proportion, MMP, phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2)/JAK2 and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3)/STAT3 protein expression decreased in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.998, 0.994, -0.996, -0.981, -0.997, -0.930). Compared with 75 μg/ml kaempferol group, the G0/G1 phase cell proportion and apoptosis rate of cells in IL-6 combined with kaempferol group decreased, while the S phase cell proportion, MMP, p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein expression increased significantly (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Kaempferol can inhibit KG1a cell proliferation and induce KG1a cell apoptosis, its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Kaempferols/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Apoptosis , Janus Kinase 2 , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 648-655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984698

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the feasibility of using temporary permanent pacemaker (TPPM) in patients with high-degree atrioventricular block (AVB) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as bridging strategy to reduce avoidable permanent pacemaker implantation. Methods: This is a prospective observational study. Consecutive patients undergoing TAVR at Beijing Anzhen Hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2021 to February 2022 were screened. Patients with high-degree AVB and TPPM were included. Patients were followed up for 4 weeks with pacemaker interrogation at every week. The endpoint was the success rate of TPPM removal and free from permanent pacemaker at 1 month after TPPM. The criteria of removing TPPM was no indication of permanent pacing and no pacing signal in 12 lead electrocardiogram (EGG) and 24 hours dynamic EGG, meanwhile the last pacemaker interrogation indicated that ventricular pacing rate was 0. Routinely follow-up ECG was extended to 6 months after removal of TPPM. Results: Ten patients met the inclusion criteria for TPPM, aged (77.0±11.1) years, wirh 7 females. There were 7 patients with third-degree AVB, 1 patient with second-degree AVB, 2 patients with first degree AVB with PR interval>240 ms and LBBB with QRS duration>150 ms. TPPM were applied on the 10 patients for (35±7) days. Among 8 patients with high-degree AVB, 3 recovered to sinus rhythm, and 3 recovered to sinus rhythm with bundle branch block. The other 2 patients with persistent third-degree AVB received permanent pacemaker implantation. For the 2 patients with first-degree AVB and LBBB, PR interval shortened to within 200 ms. TPPM was successfully removed in 8 patients (8/10) at 1 month without permanent pacemaker implantation, of which 2 patients recovered within 24 hours after TAVR and 6 patients recovered 24 hours later after TAVR. No aggravation of conduction block or permanent pacemaker indication were observed in 8 patients during follow-up at 6 months. No procedure-related adverse events occurred in all patients. Conclusion: TPPM is reliable and safe to provide certain buffer time to distinguish whether a permanent pacemaker is necessary in patients with high-degree conduction block after TAVR.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Atrioventricular Block/therapy , Feasibility Studies , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Pacemaker, Artificial , Bundle-Branch Block
6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1567-1573, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953694

ABSTRACT

@#Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common primary valve lesion requiring surgery or transcatheter intervention in modern era. Its prevalence is rising rapidly as a consequence of the aging population. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as a therapy option for older high-risk symptomatic severe AS patients has emerged and is currently extending its indications towards surgery intermediate- and low-risk subjects. Considering the common characteristics of frailty and high comorbidity among AS patients, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been proven to improve not only survival but also quality of life in previous reports. CR as a classⅠ recommendation in guidelines for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease has been widely used in clinical practice. The purpose of this article is to sort out the current CR programs for TAVR patients in global medical management, and explore the CR optimization program fit for China medical model in post COVID-19 pandemic era.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 40-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of early essential newborn care (EENC) on breastfeeding and health outcomes of infants within 3 months of age.Methods:From September 2017 to September 2018, a prospective non-randomized controlled experimental study were carried out in 8 Women & Children's Hospital in Sichuan Province, including 1 municipal hospital and 3 county (district) hospitals as the intervention group and the other 1 municipal hospital and 3 county (district) hospitals as the control group. The intervention group received EENC and the control group received routine newborn care. Clinical data were collected after delivery and at the age of 1- and 3-month, including breastfeeding method, umbilical cord separation time, pneumonia, sepsis and diarrhea. Health outcome of the two groups were compared. The data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0.Results:There are 91.1% (278/305) of the newborns in the intervention group completed their first breastfeeding before their first mother-baby skin contact, compared with 33.3% (36/108) in the control group ( P<0.001). Exclusive breastfeeding rate before discharge in the intervention group was higher than the control group [(74.5% (228/306) vs. 55.0% (177/322), P<0.001]. The incidences of re-hospitalization and referred to other hospitals due to illness was lower in intervention group than the control group within 1 month of age [7.0% (19/272) vs. 13.3% (37/278), P=0.014]; Umbilical cord separation time in the intervention group was earlier than the control group [(8.3±2.9) d vs. (10.5±3.3) d, P<0.001]; No significant differences existed in the incidences of umbilical cord infection, pneumonia and diarrhea between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of diarrhea in intervention group was higher than that the control group at 3 months of age ( P<0.05); No significant differences existed in the incidences of pneumonia and re-hospitalization and referred to other hospitals due to illness between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no sepsis case in the two groups. Conclusions:EENC may improve exclusive breastfeeding rate before discharge, reduce the incidences of referral/hospitalization within 1 month and shorten the umbilical cord separation time without causing more infections.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 305-309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression level of serum homocysteine (Hcy) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism in patients with hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease, and analyze the relationship between serum Hcy level, MTHFR gene polymorphism and coronary heart disease.@*METHODS@#The medical records of 80 patients with coronary heart disease who completed treatment of hematological diseases during the period from March 2018 to March 2020 were selected as observation group. In addition, the medical records of 92 patients with hematological diseases who completed treatment in our hospital during the same period were selected as control group. Venous blood samples of the two groups were collected to detect serum Hcy level and MTHFR gene polymorphism. The serum Hcy levels of the two groups with different MTHFR genotypes were compared, and the effects of the above indicators on hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates of MTHFR gene TT and TC in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, while the distribution frequency of MTHFR genotype CC was lower (P<0.05). The serum Hcy levels of the patients with MTHFR genotype TT and TC in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that MTHFR gene TC/CC genotype serum Hcy overexpression may be influencing factor which induced coronary heart disease in patients with hematological diseases (OR=2.107/OR=1.634, P<0.05). ROC curves showed that the AUC of serum Hcy level of MTHFR gene TC/CC genotype and hematological disease complicated with coronary heart disease were both > 0.8. When MTHFR gene TC reaching the optimal threshold of 22.165 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 0.950 and the specificity was 0.837, While MTHFR gene CC reached the optimal threshold of 19.630 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 0.938 and the specificity was 0.826, the best predictive value could be obtained.@*CONCLUSION@#The changes of serum Hcy and MTHFR gene polymorphisms may be involved in the pathological process in patients with hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease. In the future, early detection of serum Hcy levels and MTHFR gene polymorphisms in patients with hematological diseases can be used to predict the risk of coronary heart disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Disease/genetics , Genotype , Hematologic Diseases/complications , Homocysteine , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 735-745, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951994

ABSTRACT

Stem cell transplantation holds a promising future for central nervous system repair. Current challenges, however, include spatially and temporally defined cell differentiation and maturation, plus the integration of transplanted neural cells into host circuits. Here we discuss the potential advantages of neuromodulation-based stem cell therapy, which can improve the viability and proliferation of stem cells, guide migration to the repair site, orchestrate the differentiation process, and promote the integration of neural circuitry for functional rehabilitation. All these advantages of neuromodulation make it one potentially valuable tool for further improving the efficiency of stem cell transplantation.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2081-2090, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High-frequency irreversible electroporation (H-FIRE) is a novel, next-generation nanoknife technology with the advantage of relieving irreversible electroporation (IRE)-induced muscle contractions. However, the difference between IRE and H-FIRE with distinct ablation parameters was not clearly defined. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of the two treatments in vivo.@*METHODS@#Ten Bama miniature swine were divided into two group: five in the 1-day group and five in the 7-day group. The efficacy of IRE and H-FIRE ablation was compared by volume transfer constant (Krans), rate constant (Kep) and extravascular extracellular volume fraction (Ve) value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), size of the ablation zone, and histologic analysis. Each animal underwent the IRE and H-FIRE. Temperatures of the electrodes were measured during ablation. DCE-MRI images were obtained 1, 4, and 7 days after ablation in the 7-day group. All animals in the two groups were euthanized 1 day or 7 days after ablation, and subsequently, IRE and H-FIRE treated liver tissues were collected for histological examination. Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test was applied for comparing any two groups. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and Welch's ANOVA test followed by Holm-Sidak's multiple comparisons test, one-way ANOVA with repeated measures followed by Bonferroni test, or Kruskal-Wallis H test followed by Dunn's multiple comparison test was used for multiple group comparisons and post hoc analyses. Pearson correlation coefficient test was conducted to analyze the relationship between two variables.@*RESULTS@#Higher Ve was seen in IRE zone than in H-FIRE zone (0.14 ± 0.02 vs. 0.08 ± 0.05, t = 2.408, P = 0.043) on day 4, but no significant difference was seen in Ktrans or Kep between IRE and H-FIRE zones at all time points (all P > 0.05). For IRE zone, the greatest Ktrans was seen on day 7, which was significantly higher than that on day 1 (P = 0.033). The ablation zone size of H-FIRE was significantly larger than IRE 1 day (4.74 ± 0.88 cm2vs. 3.20 ± 0.77 cm2, t = 3.241, P = 0.009) and 4 days (2.22 ± 0.83 cm2vs. 1.30 ± 0.50 cm2, t = 2.343, P = 0.041) after treatment. Apoptotic index (0.05 ± 0.02 vs. 0.73 ± 0.06 vs. 0.68 ± 0.07, F = 241.300, P  0.05). Electrode temperature variations were not significantly different between the two zones (18.00 ± 3.77°C vs. 16.20 ± 7.45°C, t = 0.682, P = 0.504). The Ktrans value (r = 0.940, P = 0.017) and the Kep value (r = 0.895, P = 0.040) of the H-FIRE zone were positively correlated with the number of hepatocytes in the ablation zone.@*CONCLUSIONS@#H-FIRE showed a comparable ablation effect to IRE. DCE-MRI has the potential to monitor the changes of H-FIRE ablation zone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Contrast Media , Electroporation , Follow-Up Studies , Liver/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Swine
11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1747-1750, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789936

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the chest CT features of IgG4-related lung disease(IgG4-RLD).Methods The clinical data and chest CT findings of 10 patients with IgG4-RLD diagnosed by the pathological findings of lungs or bronchus were analyzed retrospectively,including masses,nodules,ground glass opacities,pulmonary interlobular septal thickening,bronchovascular bundle thickening,mediastinal lymph nodes enlargement and pleural involvement.Results There were two types of chest CT findings in 10 patients:(1 )Isolated mass/nodule type in 5 patients,presenting as a single lung mass (n=3)and a single lung nodule (n=2),and the lesions were in irregular shape, with shallow lobulated edges and burrs,with no mediastinal lymph nodes enlargement.(2)Interstitial thickening in 5 patients,presenting with thickening of pulmonary lobular septum(n=5)and thickening of bronchovascular bundle(n=4),multiple patchyground glass opacities(n=3), consolidation(n=3),mild mediastinum lymph nodes enlargement(n=3),a little bilateral pleural effusion(n=2)and nodular thickening of pleura(n=2).Serum IgG4 level was increased in 4 cases.Conclusion Chest CT findings of IgG4-RLD can be classified into two types:solitary mass/nodule type and interstitial type.Combing the chest CT manifestation with clinical characteristics will improve the diagnostic accuracy of IgG4-RLD.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 92-97, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810444

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of immunomarkers CK7, CK20, CK17, CDX2, MUC1 and MUC2 in primary adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, to explore the role of these markers in the histopathologic subclassification of ampullary carcinoma; and to provide biologic basis for precision treatment of patients with different types of ampullary carcinoma.@*Methods@#Forty-two cases of primary ampullary carcinoma were collected at Peking University People′s Hospital, from 2012 to 2018 year. There were 22 males and 20 females. Aged range 42 to 88 years old, with mean aged (62±11) years. Among the patients, 6 was high differentiation, 19 median differentiation, and 17 low differentiation. Immunohistochemical studies on the expression of CK7, CK20, CK17, CDX2, MUC1 and MUC2 were performed in 42 cases of primary ampullary carcinoma. The relationship between different ampullary carcinoma subtypes and clinicopathologic survival data was analyzed using SPSS 16.0 statistical software.@*Results@#Three histopathologic subtypes were observed. Among 42 cases, 8(19.0%)were classified as intestinal subtype, which showed a positive expression rate of 8/8 for both CK20 and CDX2, and 5/8 for MUC2. Both CK7 and CK17 were weakly expressed in one case (1/8). No expression was observed for MUC1 in this subtype. Twenty-two (52.4%,22/42) cases were classified as pancreaticobiliary subtype, which showed a positive expression rate of 100.0%(22/22) for both CK7 and MUC1, and 90.9% (20/22) for CK17. No expression was observed for CK20, CDX2 and MUC2.The remaining 12 (28.6%) cases were classified as mixed subtype, which showed variable expression patterns. The expression frequencies of these 6 immunomarkers in different subtypes of ampullary carcinoma did not correlate with various clinicopathologic factors such as patient gender and age, tumor size, histologic differentiation, pancreatic and bile duct invasion, or the depth of duodenal invasion. However, stage Ⅲ+Ⅳ diseases were more commonly seen in pancreaticobiliary type (63.6%,14/22) than intestinal type (2/8) and mixed type (3/9; χ2=6.508, P=0.039). Follow-up data showed a trend of better survival rate for patients with intestinal subtype than those with mixed and pancreaticobiliary subtypes.@*Conclusions@#Ampullary carcinoma can be subclassified into three different subtypes using a panel of six immunomarkers, especially for the identification of subtypes of poorly differentiated carcinoma. CK7, CK17 and MUC1 are major markers of pancreaticobiliary subtype, whereas CK20, CDX2 and MUC2 are useful markers for intestinal subtype. The mixed subtype variably expresses these markers. The prognosis of patients with intestinal subtype appears better than that of pancreaticobiliary and mixed subtypes. Accurate subtyping of ampullary carcinoma is clinically important to patient management and prognosis assessment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 703-706, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755636

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of genetic factors on the occurrence of chronic post-thoracotomy pain syndrome ( PTPS) from the perspective of genetic polymorphisms. Methods Two hun-dred patients of both sexes, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠ or Ⅱ, aged 18-80 yr, scheduled for elective video-assisted thoracoscopic radical lung cancer surgery, were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were taken before operation for genotype analysis of 20 SNP loci, such as rs4073 and rs3774932, after DNA extraction. Postoperative multimodal analgesia was applied to maintain the visual an-alogue scale score <3. All the patients were followed up for 2-4 months after operation to record the occur-rence of PTPS. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether PTPS occurred: non-PTPS group (group N) and PTPS group (group P). Results The incidence of PTPS was 38. 7% after surgery, and there were 114 patients in group N and 72 cases in group P . There was significant difference in A/T al-lele and genotype frequency at interleukin-8 rs4073 site and NF-κB1 rs3774932 site between the two groups (P<0. 05). Conclusion Interleukin-8 and NF-kappa B1 genetic polymorphisms are associated with the occurrence of PTPS.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1315-1317, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816598

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between daily behavior and self-perceived academic performance among students in Jiangxi, and to provide a scientific basis for developing health behavior among adolescents and children.@*Methods@#By using stratified cluster sampling, 12 primary and secondary schools from six counties of Jiangxi Province were selected, and a total of 2 284 students were investigated with questions including breakfast consumption, number of days participating in sports activities (≥45 min) and the average screen time during the past 7 days. Regression analysis was carried out by using ordered multi-classification logistic.@*Results@#Of the 2 284 students surveyed, 1 374(60.16%) perceived their academic performance as very good or good, 613 (26.84%) and 297(13.00%) perceived as moderate or poor. Primary school, having breakfast every day, not playing on mobile or computer during weekday was positively associated with higher self-perceived academic performance (OR=0.50, 0.57 and 0.64, respectively, P<0.05), no sports activities ≥45 min during the past 7 d was associated with poor(OR=1.57, P<0.01). Among the 2 284 students, 67.43% students ate breakfast every day in the past 7 d, 75.39% students did not play mobile phones or computers at school, 40.89% students did not participate in sports activities (≥45 min).@*Conclusion@#Breakfast skipping and insufficient physical exercise shows adverse effects, and no/limited screen time during weekdays shows positive effects on academic performance. Intervention of visky behaviors should to carried out from different perspectives to promote the develpment of the health habits among students.

15.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 324-327,350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777968

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influences of mental disorders on female systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)and analyze the factors. Methods We used symptom check list -90 (SCL-90) as a basis for judging mental disorders disease activity. Disease activity, social support and depreciation - discrimination were used as possible influencing factors. Social support and discomfort – discrimination were possible influencing factors. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of mental disorders. Results The total score of SCL-90 of patients with female SLE was significantly higher than that of norm models [(136.39±48.66) vs (129.96±38.76)] (P<0.05), in 289 SLE patients, the number of patients with mental disorders was 128 (44.3%). High monthly income(OR=0.770, 95% CI:0.604-0.981, P=0.034) was a protective factor for mental disorders. High disease activity (OR=1.792, 95% CI:1.023-3.138, P=0.042)and high discomfort–discrimination (OR=1.100, 95% CI:1.035-1.169, P=0.002)were risk factors for mental disorders. Conclusions Female SLE patients have a higher risk of mental disorders than the general population. And eliminating self-depreciation, reducing social discrimination, active employment, increasing monthly income, standardizing treatment and reducing disease activity may effectively alleviate mental disorders in SLE patients.

16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 9-15, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness of integrative medicine (IM) on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and investigate the prognostic factors of CAD in a real-world setting.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,087 hospitalized patients with CAD from four hospitals in Beijing, China were consecutively selected between August 2011 and February 2012. The patients were assigned to two groups based on the treatment: Chinese medicine (CM) plus conventional treatment, i.e., IM therapy (IM group); or conventional treatment alone (CT group). The endpoint was major adverse cardiac events [MACE; including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization].@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,040 patients finished the 2-year follow-up. Of them, 49.4% (514/1,040) received IM therapy. During the 2-year follow-up, the total incidence of MACE was 11.3%. Most of the events involved revascularization (9.3%). Cardiac death/MI occurred in 3.0% of cases. For revascularization, logistic stepwise regression analysis revealed that age ⩾ 65 years [odds ratio (OR), 2.224], MI (OR, 2.561), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.650), multi-vessel lesions (OR, 2.554), baseline high sensitivity C-reactive protein level ⩾ 3 mg/L (OR, 1.678), and moderate or severe anxiety/depression (OR, 1.849) were negative predictors (P<0.05); while anti-platelet agents (OR, 0.422), β-blockers (OR, 0.626), statins (OR, 0.318), and IM therapy (OR, 0.583) were protective predictors (P<0.05). For cardiac death/MI, age ⩾ 65 years (OR, 6.389) and heart failure (OR, 7.969) were negative predictors (P<0.05), while statin use (OR, 0.323) was a protective predictor (P<0.05) and IM therapy showed a beneficial tendency (OR, 0.587), although the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.218).@*CONCLUSION@#In a real-world setting, for patients with CAD, IM therapy was associated with a decreased incidence of revascularization and showed a potential benefit in reducing the incidence of cardiac death or MI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug Therapy , Integrative Medicine , Logistic Models , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prognosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 488-492, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700554

ABSTRACT

At present,there are still many problems in critical care medicine education and teaching,such as imperfect theoretical system,inconsistent teaching materials,uneven teaching staff,lack of practice opportunities and places.The development of intensive care medical teaching should be combined with "organ-system-centered" teaching reform,strengthen the construction of the theoretical system,drive the development of teaching staff,build high-quality practice bases,promote the curriculum to be more specialized,optimized and standardized,so as to promote the development of the subject.

18.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 60-64, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697973

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the findings and clinical application of the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the trigeminal nerve root in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Methods Forty-nine patients with unilateral TN caused by vascular compression and surgically confirmed were collected in this study. The subjects were divided into group A (contact, n=22), group B (displacement, n=11) and group C (atrophy, n=16), according to the relationship between blood vessels and nerves. Conventional MRI and horizontal DTI were performed to measure cross-sectional area (CSA), mean diffusivity (MD) value, fractional anisotropy (FA) value, axial diffusivity (AD) value and radial diffusivity (RD) value in nerve roots of affected side and unaffected side. The trigeminal indexes of both affected and unaffected trigeminal nerves and data of the affected trigeminal indexes of TN patients were compared between the groups. Results The CSA and FA values were significantly lower, MD and RD values of trigeminal nerves were significantly higher in affected side than those of unaffected side ( P<0.05). But there was no significant difference in AD value between affected side and unaffected side of TN patients ( P>0.05). Values of CSA and FA were significantly higher in group A than those of group C. The value of RD was significantly lower in group A than that of group C. FA value was significantly higher in group B than that of group C (P<0.05). Conclusion The magnetic resonance DTI sequence can reflect changes in trigeminal nerve microstructure, suggesting that trigeminal demyelination is caused by vascular compression, and altered diffusion indexes of trigeminal nerve are reliable basis for the pathogenesis and the severity evaluation of TN.

19.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 9-14, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695758

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological status and the anticoagulation treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients,and to provide evidence for improving anticoagulation therapeutic effect in AF patients.Methods We performed a cross-sectional epidemiological investigation of 1 000 patients and out-patients with AF in Huashan Hospital.The clinical data including clinical feature,coexistent diseases,auxiliary examination,and treatment regimen of these patients were collected.The clinical features and anticoagulation status of AF patients were analyzed based on the stroke history,stroke risk evaluation and CHA2DS2-VASc score stratification.Results The mean age of these AF patients was (72.1 ± 11.1) years old.The most common coexistent diseases were hypertension (65%),coronary heart disease (32%) and diabetes (27%).About 6% of the AF patients were diagosed with non-valvularatrial fibrillation (NVAF),and 22% had stroke history.Patients were divided into two groups according to their stroke history.Compared with the non-stroke group,the stroke group was found to be older,with longer course of AF and poorer hypertension control.The overall anticoagulation rate was 32 % and antiplatelet rate was 46 %.The anticoagulation rate of stroke group was 44%,higher than the non-stroke group (P<0.001) but 78% of these patients began anticoagulation therapy after the occurrence of stroke.When CHA2 DS2-VASc scores of NVAF patients were 2 to 5,the anticoagulation proportion increased gradually.When the scores were 2 to 6,the antiplatelet ratio increased gradually.But when the scores were 7-8 points,both anticoagulation and antiplatelet rates were in decline.Conclusions The anticoagulation rate in AF patients was still low at present,while relatively higher in patients with stroke.Anticoagulation could prevent stroke,AF patients still could benefit from anticoagulation after stroke,but anticoagulation before stroke could get more benefits.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 158-161, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695075

ABSTRACT

Purpose To study the clinicopathological characteristics of blastic Plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasms, and improve the acknowledgement and diagnostic level. Methods The clinicopathological features, immunohistochemistry and EBV test results of 10 cases with BPDCN were analyzed retrospectively, with review of literature. Results Skin lesions were the first symptom in 10 patients, tumor cells expression of CD43, CD56, CD4 was positive in 8 cases, CD123 were positive in 5 cases, the T and B cell specific markers is not expression. EB virus encoded small RNA(EBER ) in situ hybridization is negative;no clonal rearrangement of B cell receptor(BCR) or T cell receptor(TCR) gene. Conclusion BPDCN is a rare malignant tumor of the skin, easy to involve the skin. It is necessary to combine clinical with pathological for definite diagnosis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL