Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 129
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 31-46, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011009

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a dynamic wound-healing response characterized by the agglutination of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, is known for treating gynecological diseases and liver fibrosis. Our previous studies demonstrated that long non-coding RNA H19 (H19) was markedly upregulated in fibrotic livers while its deficiency markedly reversed fibrogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which SWT influences H19 remain unclear. Thus, we established a bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis model to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of SWT on various cells in the liver. Our results showed that SWT markedly improved ECM deposition and bile duct reactions in the liver. Notably, SWT relieved liver fibrosis by regulating the transcription of genes involved in the cytoskeleton remodeling, primarily in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and influencing cytoskeleton-related angiogenesis and hepatocellular injury. This modulation collectively led to reduced ECM deposition. Through extensive bioinformatics analyses, we determined that H19 acted as a miRNA sponge and mainly inhibited miR-200, miR-211, and let7b, thereby regulating the above cellular regulatory pathways. Meanwhile, SWT reversed H19-related miRNAs and signaling pathways, diminishing ECM deposition and liver fibrosis. However, these protective effects of SWT were diminished with the overexpression of H19 in vivo. In conclusion, our study elucidates the underlying mechanisms of SWT from the perspective of H19-related signal networks and proposes a potential SWT-based therapeutic strategy for the treatment of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver/metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 276-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015222

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of 4-week low intensity treadmill exercise on the learning and memory, amino acid levels and the protein expression of protein kinase A ( PKA) , cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein( CREB) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of the vascular dementia (VD) rats. Methods Thirty-nine SD rats were randomly allocated to 3 groups, sham group (sham, n= 13) , vascular dementia group (VD, n= 13) and vascular dementia treaded with exercise group (VD + EX, n= 13). Chronic cerebral ischemia model in VD group and VD+EX group rats were established by permanent ligation of bilateral, then VD+EX group rats were submitted to 4-week low intensity treadmill exercise. After exercise, spatial learning and memory ability were evaluated by Moms water maze test ( MWM ) , glutamic ( Glu ) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the PFC were measured by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) ; the protein expression of PKA, CREB and BDNF in the PFC of rats were detected by Western blotting. Results The result of the MWM showed the average escape latency of rats in the VD group on the 1 -5 days was significantly higer than sham group, the time to first find the original platform was significantly prolonged and the platform crossings decreased significantly ( P 0. 05 ) between the two groups. Conclusion Four-week low-intensity running exercise improves the learning and memory ability of VD rats through enhancing the Glu level and activating PKA-CREB-BDNF signaling in the PFC of rats.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 403-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the surgical methods and clinical outcomes of severe angular kyphosis with the length of the spinal cord constant in the osteotomy area. Methods: Clinical data from 20 patients with severe angular kyphosis who underwent surgical treatment from January 2017 to December 2020 in the Department of Spinal Surgery,Hangzhou Xiaoshan District Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. There were 11 males and 9 females, aged (28.5±8.9) years (range:17 to 46 years).There were 15 cases with congenital angular kyphosis,5 cases with tuberculous angular kyphosis.The angle of kyphosis was (107.1±12.9)° (range:93.2° to 131.4°).Frankel classification:2 cases with grade B,4 cases with grade C,3 cases with grade D.The kyphotic vertex is located at the T9 to T12 segments.Pedicle screws were placed in 3 or 4 adjacent segments at the proximal and distal kyphosis apex of the patients using a surgical navigation system.Piezosurgery combined with a grinding drill was used to complete the osteotomy in the apical vertebral region.Titanium mesh or artificial vertebral body was implanted,and the osteotomy surface was closed using this as the fulcrum to complete osteotomy.Spinal X-ray examination was performed before surgery,immediately after surgery and at the last follow-up,and sagittal and coronal Cobb angle,sagittal and coronary balance parameters,anterior vertebral height,posterior vertebral height,and spinal cord length were measured.Pulmonary function,visual analogue scale (VAS),and Oswestry's disability index (ODI) were collected and estimated before and after treatment.The analysis of variance of repeated measurement data was used for each evaluation index before and after treatment,and the t test was used for pairwise comparison. Results: All patients successfully completed surgery,with artificial vertebral body in 11 cases and double titanium mesh in 9 cases.The follow-up time was (28.2±2.3) months (range:26 to 31 months).Sagittal vertical axis improved from (46.9±13.7)mm(range:21.7 to 75.7 mm) before surgery to (10.7±5.5)mm (range:3.6 to 28.1 mm) after surgery,and (11.0±5.7)mm(range:3.6 to 29.3 mm) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery (all P<0.01).The mean kyphotic Cobb angle was corrected from (107.1±12.9) ° (range:93.2 ° to 131.4°) before surgery to (30.6±8.5) ° (range:20.0 ° to 47.8 °) after surgery (all P<0.01),and (32.1±8.7) ° (range:18.2 ° to 50.8°) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery(all P<0.01).The anterior vertebral height improved from (14.2±2.9)mm(range:11.04 to 23.6 mm) before surgery to (45.3±7.5)mm(range:29.4 to 56.5 mm) after surgery,and (44.3±6.8)mm(range:29.6 to 56.0 mm) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery (all P<0.01).The posterior vertebral height was improved from (51.8±5.3)mm (range:43.1 to 61.4 mm)before surgery to (57.6±4.7)mm (range:45.7 to 64.1 mm)after surgery,and (56.3±5.0) mm (range:49.7 to 68.5 mm) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery (all P<0.01).The spinal cord length of the osteotomy segment was (73.1±12.0)mm (range:56.8 to 98.4 mm) before surgery and (74.8±12.8)mm (range:53.5 to 100.2 mm) after surgery and (75.2±13.7)mm (range:53.9 to 102.4 mm) at the last follow-up,the difference was not statistically significant among them(F=0.144,P=0.866).The ODI and VAS scores improved significantly after surgery and at the last follow-up,and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusion: The posterior vertebral column resection technique combined with titanium mesh or an artificial vertebral body implant for the treatment of severe angular kyphosis can significantly improve the kyphosis,neurological function,and life quality of patients without affecting the length of the spinal cord.

4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 694-709, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010982

ABSTRACT

Chuanxiong Rhizoma (CX, the dried rhizome of Ligusticum wallichii Franch.), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, is clinically used for treating cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and hepatobiliary diseases. Cholestatic liver damage is one of the chronic liver diseases with limited effective therapeutic strategies. Currently, little is known about the mechanism links between CX-induced anti-cholestatic action and intercellular communication between cholangiocytes and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The study aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of different CX extracts including the aqueous, alkaloid, phenolic acid and phthalide extracts of CX (CXAE, CXAL, CXPA and CXPHL) and investigate the intercellular communication-related mechanisms by which the most effective extracts work on cholestatic liver injury. The active compounds of different CX extracts were identified by UPLC-MS/MS. A cholestatic liver injury mouse model induced by bile duct ligation (BDL), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-treated human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cholangiocytes (HIBECs) and HSC cell line (LX-2 cells) were used for in vivo and in vitro studies. Histological and other biological techniques were also applied. The results indicated that CXAE, CXAL and CXPHL significantly reduced ductular reaction (DR) and improved liver fibrosis in the BDL mice. Meanwhile, both CXAE and CXPHL suppressed DR in injured HIBECs and reduced collagen contraction force and the expression of fibrosis biomarkers in LX-2 cells treated with TGF-β. CXPHL suppressed the transcription and transfer of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and fibronectin (FN) from the 'DR-like' cholangiocytes to activated HSCs. Mechanistically, the inhibition of PAI-1 and FN by CXPHL was attributed to the untight combination of the acetyltransferase KAT2A and SMAD3, followdd by the suppression of histone 3 lysine 9 acetylation (H3K9ac)-mediated transcription in cholangiocytes. In conclusion, CXPHL exerts stronger anti-cholestatic activity in vivo and in vitro than other CX extracts, and its protective effect on the intracellular communication between cholangiocytes and HSCs is achieved by reducing KAT2A/H3K9ac-mediated transcription and release of PAI-1 and FN.

5.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 421-429, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Cassiae Semen (CS, Juemingzi in Chinese) has been used for thousands of years in ancient Chinese history for relieving constipation, improving liver function as well as preventing myopia. Here we aimed to elucidate the anti-steatosis effect and underlying mechanism of CS against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).@*METHODS@#High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to identify the major components of CS water extract. Mice were fed with a high-fat and sugar-water (HFSW) diet to induce hepatic steatosis and then treated with CS. The anti-NAFLD effect was determined by measuring serum biomarkers and histopathology staining. Additionally, the effects of CS on cell viability and lipid metabolism in oleic acid and palmitic acid (OAPA)-treated HepG2 cells were measured. The expression of essential genes and proteins involved in lipid metabolism and autophagy signalings were measured to uncover the underlying mechanism.@*RESULTS@#Five compounds, including aurantio-obtusin, rubrofusarin gentiobioside, cassiaside C, emodin and rhein were simultaneously identified in CS extract. CS not only improved the diet-induced hepatic steatosis in vivo, as indicated by decreased number and size of lipid droplets, hepatic and serum triglycerides (TG) levels, but also markedly attenuated the OAPA-induced lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. These lipid-lowering effects induced by CS were largely dependent on the inhibition of fatty acid synthase (FASN) and the activation of autophagy-related signaling, including AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), light chain 3-II (LC3-II)/ LC3-1 and autophagy-related gene5 (ATG5).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study suggested that CS effectively protected liver steatosis via decreasing FASN-related fatty acid synthesis and activating AMPK-mediated autophagy, which might become a promising therapeutic strategy for relieving NAFLD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 862-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985605

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the associations between the numbers of healthy lifestyles and overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in adult twins in Shanghai. Methods: Based on the Shanghai Twin Registry System Phase Ⅱ survey data in 2017-2018, a case-control study was conducted to analyze the association between healthy lifestyles and obesity and further adjusted for confounders by a co-twin control study. Results: A total of 7 864 adult twins (3 932 pairs) were included. In the co-twin case-control analysis for monozygotic twins, compared with participants with 0 to 2 healthy lifestyles, those with 3 and 4 to 5 healthy lifestyles had a 49% (OR=0.51, 95%CI: 0.28-0.93) and 70% (OR=0.30, 95%CI: 0.13-0.69) lower risk of overweight/obesity, respectively, and a 17% (OR=0.83, 95%CI: 0.44-1.57) and 66% (OR=0.34, 95%CI: 0.14-0.80) lower risk of abdominal obesity, respectively. For each additional healthy lifestyle, the risk of developing overweight/obesity was reduced by 41% (OR=0.59, 95%CI: 0.42-0.85), and the risk of developing abdominal obesity was reduced by 37% (OR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.44-0.90). Conclusion: An increasing number of healthy lifestyles was associated with a marked decreased risk for both overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Healthy Lifestyle , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Twins, Monozygotic
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 689-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008118

ABSTRACT

Cold agglutinins(CA),autoantibodies against the antigen I or i on the surface of red blood cells,are mainly of IgM class,and the majority have κ light chains.They can lead to red blood cell agglutination at decreased body temperature and are usually associated with infections,drug reactions,autoimmune diseases,and hematological malignancies.However,solid tumors with CA are rare.We reported two cases of CA in the peripheral blood of patients with solid tumors.Peripheral complete blood cell count of the patients at admission showed reduced erythrocyte count and hematocrit,mismatching between erythrocyte count and hemoglobin,abnormally elevated levels of mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean cell hemoglobin concentration.Peripheral blood smear showed erythrocyte aggregation.After the sample was preheated at 37 ℃ for 30 min,the reversibility of red blood cell aggregation was observed,and the erythrocyte parameters were corrected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Autoantibodies/isolation & purification , Breast Neoplasms/immunology , Ovarian Neoplasms/immunology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 302-307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984619

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of adenovirus infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: A total of 26 patients with adenovirus infection admitted to the posttransplant ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from 2018 to 2022 were enrolled. Their data on baseline and clinical characteristics, treatment, and follow-up were analyzed. Results: The median patient age was 30 (22, 44) years. Twenty-two patients received related haploid stem cell transplantation, three received unrelated stem cell transplantation, and one received umbilical cord stem cell transplantation. Antithymocyte globulin was included in the conditioning regimen in 25 patients. The median time of adenovirus infection was +95 (+44, +152) days. The median peripheral blood lymphocyte count was 0.30 (0.11, 0.69) × 10(9)/L. Twelve patients had acute graft-versus-host disease. Twenty-four patients received antirejection therapies at diagnosis. Sixteen cases had combined infection with other pathogens with adenovirus infection. Eight cases were diagnosed as asymptomatic infection, and 18 were diagnosed as adenovirus disease, including pneumonia (38.89% ) , gastrointestinal disease (38.89% ) , encephalitis (33.33% ) , hepatitis (5.56% ) , and urinary tract inflammation (5.56% ) . The age of >30 years was a risk factor for adenovirus disease (P=0.03) . Eighteen patients received tapering of immunosuppression, and all 26 patients received at least one antiviral drug. Other treatments included high-dose gamma globulin and donor lymphocyte infusion. Adenovirus infection improved in 10 cases and progressed in 16 cases. The median follow-up time was 30 (7, 237) days. Twenty-two patients died. The all-cause mortality rate was (88.5±7.1) % , and the attributable mortality rate was 45.5% . There was no significant difference in the 100 d survival rate between asymptomatic infected patients and patients diagnosed with adenovirus disease (37.5% vs 22.2% , HR=1.83, 95% CI 0.66-5.04, P=0.24) . Conclusion: The age of >30 years was a risk factor for adenovirus disease. Mortality was high in patients with adenovirus infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects , Adenoviridae Infections/therapy , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(5): 733-739, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403920

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The Epley maneuver is useful for the otoconia to return from the long arm of the posterior semicircular canal into the utricle. To move otoconia out of the posterior semicircular canal short arm and into the utricle, we need different maneuvers. Objective To diagnose the short-arm type BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal and treat them with bow-and-yaw maneuver. Methods 171 cases were diagnosed as BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal based on a positive Dix-Hallpike maneuver. We first attempted to treat patients with the bow-and-yaw maneuver and then performed the Dix-Hallpike maneuver again. If the repeated Dix-Hallpike maneuver gave negative results, we diagnosed the patient with the short-arm type of BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal and considered the patient to have been cured by the bow-and-yaw maneuver; otherwise, probably the long-arm type BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal existed and we treated the patient with the Epley maneuver. Results Approximately 40% of the cases were cured by the bow-and-yaw maneuver, giving negative results on repeated Dix-Hallpike maneuvers, and were diagnosed with short-arm lithiasis. Conclusion The short-arm type posterior semicircular canal BPPV can be diagnosed and treated in a convenient and comfortable manner.


Resumo Introdução A manobra de Epley é útil para o retorno da otocônia do braço longo do canal semicircular posterior para o utrículo. Diferentes manobras são necessárias para mover a otocônia para fora do braço curto do canal semicircular posterior e para dentro do utrículo. Objetivo Diagnosticar a VPPB do tipo braço curto do canal semicircular posterior e tratá-la com a manobra de incline and balance. Método Foram diagnosticados 171 casos como VPPB de canal semicircular posterior com base na manobra de Dix-Hallpike positiva. Primeiro tentamos tratar os pacientes com a manobra de incline and balance e, em seguida, executamos a manobra de Dix-Hallpike novamente. Se a repetição da manobra de Dix-Hallpike desse resultados negativos, diagnosticávamos o paciente como VPPB do canal semicircular posterior do tipo braço curto e considerávamos que ele ou ela havia sido curado pela manobra de incline and balance; caso contrário, provavelmente o paciente apresentava VPPB do canal semicircular posterior do tipo braço longo e tratávamos o paciente com a manobra de Epley. Resultados Aproximadamente 40% dos casos foram curados pela manobra de incline and balance, com resultados negativos nas manobras de Dix-Hallpike repetidas, e foram diagnosticados com litíase de braço curto. Conclusão A VPPB de canal semicircular posterior do tipo braço curto pode ser diagnosticada e tratada de maneira conveniente e confortável.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 508-513, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of Zeste homolog enhancer 2 (EZH2) gene and the risk of breast cancer.Methods:Recruiting 1 039 breast cancer patients and 1 040 controls at 22 referral hospitals nationwide in China, the genotype distribution of 3 SNPs loci of EZH2 genes was observed to detect the correlation between different genotypes and the risk of breast cancer genotypes EZH2 expression in breast cancer tissues and its correlation with patient prognosis were analyzed using breast cancer data from the database.Results:EZH2 rs6464926 CC genotype was compared with TT genotype (TT vs. CC: OR=1.362, 95% CI: 1.063-1.746, P=0.015) and dominant model (TC+TT vs .CC: OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.004-1.483, P=0.045) .In women with BMI ≥24 kg/m 2, the TC genotype ( P=0.050), TT genotype ( P=0.025) and dominant model (TC+TT, P=0.021) of rs6464926 locus were significantly different from CC genotype in cancer risk. rs6464926 was correlated with EZH2 gene expression ( P=6.89E-47). EZH2 gene is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues, and patients with high expression were associated with shorter OS ( HR=1.27, P=0.013), DMFS ( HR=1.37, P<0.01), and RFS ( HR=1.44, P<0.01). Conclusions:The polymorphism rs6464926 of EZH2 gene is associated with breast cancer susceptibility in Chinese women. rs6464926 might regulate breast cancer risk and prognosis by changing EZH2 expression.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 333-336, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927384

ABSTRACT

To analyze the application feasibility of Tiaoshen Jianpi acupuncture and moxibustion in hospice care for terminal cancer patients. Tiaoshen Jianpi acupuncture and moxibustion adjusts the spirit to regulate emotions and fortifies the spleen to supplement and boost foundation of acquired (postnatal) constitution. And it could relieve adverse reactions after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, alleviate pain and regulate emotions in hospice care for terminal cancer patients, so as to promote the progress of hospice care for terminal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Hospice Care , Moxibustion , Neoplasms/therapy , Spleen
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 188-195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and influencing factors of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 281 patients (477 intrahepatic metastatic tumors) who received percutaneous RFA treatment in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from December 2009 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Factors that may affect the efficacy of RFA were recorded, including carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), differentiation, extrahepatic metastasis, tumor location and size, complications and other information. Patients were followed up through hospital admissions, telephone, etc. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and local tumor progression-free survival (LTPFS). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of residual tumor. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression were used to identify the influencing factors of LTPFS and OS. The median LTPFS and OS were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier curve and compared by the log-rank test.Results:After RFA, 68 (14.3%) tumor residues were observed. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the risk factors for residual tumor were size ≥20 mm, high-risk and perivascular location, and minimal ablative margin<5 mm. During the follow-up period, the main complication rate was 4.3% (12/281) and the fatality rate was 31.3% (88/281). At the same time, local tumor progression was found in 167 (35.0%) lesions post-RFA. The median time of LTPFS and OS estimated by the Kaplan Meier method were 35.0 (95%CI 26.53-43.48) and 44.0 (95%CI 29.70-58.30) months, respectively. The cumulative proportion of LTPFS and OS were 37.2% and 40.4% respectively in the 5th year. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression showed that CEA≥30 ng/ml, tumor size ≥20 mm, and minimal ablative margin<5 mm were risk factors for LTPFS; extrahepatic metastasis, tumor burden>30 mm, and lesion with minimal ablative margin<5 mm were independent risk factors for OS; re-intervention was an independent protective factor for OS.Conclusions:Adequate ablative margin and less tumor burden were beneficial to local tumor control and long-term survival of patients in the RFA treatment; the existence of extrahepatic metastasis was an important risk factor for OS, and re-interventional therapy was beneficial to extend OS.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 179-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of flipped classroom combined with online interactive teaching in clinical clerkship of cardiology.Methods:The study collected 56 students from Batch 2017 five-year clinical medicine undergraduate class of Medical College of China Three Gorges University and they were randomly divided into experimental group and control group in average. The control group adopted the traditional teaching method while the experimental group adopted the combined teaching method. The differences of test scores after teaching were compared between the two groups and the feedback of students on the two methods was also analyzed. SPSS 12.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The final score of clinical thinking in the experimental group (84.38±3.18) was significantly higher than in the control group (75.43±5.85) ( P<0.05), and the satisfaction of the experimental group to the teaching mode was [86% (24/28)], which was significantly higher than that of the control group [50% (14/28)]. More than 80% of the students in the experimental group regarded that the combined teaching method was helpful to promote the interaction between teachers and students, master relevant knowledge, and improve learning interest and learning efficiency. Conclusion:This combined teaching method can enhance students' clinical thinking ability, learning enthusiasm and efficiency, and finally effectively improve the effect of clerkship.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 535-539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize long-term outcome of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) for refractory interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS).Methods:Between January 2013 and October 2020, 28 patients with IC / BPS who received SNM in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital and Hebei Yanda Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 23 females, with median age 63.00 (47.50, 66.75) years old. The urgency score was 4 (3, 4) points, 24-hour micturition frequency was 26 (20.50, 32.50) times, nocturia was 9 (7, 12) times, single urine volume was 59.00 (41.25, 79.50) ml, VAS score was 9.0 (8.0, 9.0) points, O′Leary-Sant score was 31.00 (20.25, 33.00) points, and single maximum urine volume was 100.0 (80.0, 127.5) ml. The improvement of symptoms before operation, test period and last follow-up were compared.Results:The urgency score was 2 (1, 3), the 24-hour micturition frequency was 17.00 (15.00, 22.75), the frequency of nocturia was 5.5 (4.0, 7.0), the single urine volume was 87.50 (70.25, 110.00) ml, the VAS score was 4.0 (3.0, 6.0) and the O′Leary-Sant score was 20.00 (17.00, 23.00) in 28 patients during the test period, which were significantly improved compared with those before operation ( P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the single maximum urine volume of 135.0 (102.5, 160.0) ml between the two groups ( P > 0.05). 28 patients received SNM Ⅱ permanent stimulator implantation. The median follow-up time was 29.5 (21.25, 61.75) months. Among the 28 patients, 3 patients underwent cystectomy and ileal conduit after removal of the complete SNM system due to the unsatisfied results. Twenty-five cases (89.3%) were still treated with SNM. Among them, 6 cases accepted combinative therapy of oral medicine (antihistamines, sodium pentose polysulfate, hormones, immunosuppressants, etc.). Two cases accepted combinative therapy of intravesical instillation, including heparin in one case and sodium hyaluronate in the other one. Three cases accepted combinative therapy of botulinum toxin injection.One case accepted combinative therapy of bladder augmentation. Two cases accepted combinative therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). One case accepted combinative therapy of oral medicine and TCM. The remaining 10 cases didn't accept any treatment. Among them, 3 cases were still treated with SNM even though they were not satisfied with the effect, including 1 case due to electrode displacement. At the last follow-up of 25 patients, the urgency score was 2 (1, 3), the 24-hour micturition frequency was 16.50 (13.00, 19.75), the frequency of nocturia was 5.5 (4.0, 9.0), the single urine volume was 105.0 (72.5, 120.0) ml, the VAS score was 4.5 (3.0, 6.0) and the O'Leary Sant score was 16.00 (14.00, 22.50), which were significantly improved compared with those before operation ( P < 0.05), but no difference with those during test period ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the single maximum urine volume of 125.0 (102.5, 150.0) ml at the last follow-up compared with preoperative and test period ( P>0.05). Conclusions:As a treatment option for refractory IC / BPS, SNM can improve the symptoms of most patients and maintain good long-term efficacy combined with other.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 443-448, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911047

ABSTRACT

Objective:We compare the consistency, similarities and differences of operating procedures, data and conclusions of air-charged catheters(ACC) and water-filled catheters(WFC), as simultaneously using ACC and WFC in pressure-flow study(PFS).Methods:This study was a prospective, synchronously controlled study, including eligible patients who underwent PFS in the Department of Urology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2021 to March 2021. Inclusion criteria: ① Patients need PFS for lower urinary tract symptoms like frequency of urination, urgent urination, urinary incontinence and dysuria; ② Age over 18 years old. Exclusion criteria: ① Unable to complete or cooperate during the urodynamic test; ② Patients with severe urethral stricture or acute stage urinary tract infection; ③ Pregnant women. The bladder pressure was measured continuously by using a 7FDR T-DOC ?AC three-chamber bladder pressure tube, which linked to ACC sensor and improved WFC pressure conduction module. At the same time, 7FA T-DOC ?AC single-lumen rectal pressure tube and 7F Labori-CAT411 double-lumen water sac abdominal pressure tube was used to measure the ACC and WFC rectum pressure, respectively. We recorded the Pdet, Pves and Pabd measured by ACC and WFC, at the point of initial sitting position, bladder filling at 100 ml, 150 ml, 200 ml, cough, Q max, maximum Pdet and the end of urination, and compared the mean values, differences, and consistencies of our data. Result:A total of 63 patients (26 female, 37 male) were included in this study, with an average age of 59.19 years (25-86 years old). During bladder filling phase, the mean values of Pves measured by ACC and WFC were 30.78/24.67cmH 2O (initial sitting position), 29.79/25.13cmH 2O (100 ml), 30.87/25.90cmH 2O (150 ml) and 30.95/26.17cmH 2O(200 ml), respectively, the mean value of Pabd were 30.03/24.17cmH 2O (initial sitting position), 28.81/21.78cmH 2O (100ml), 28.89/21.38cmH 2O (150ml), 28.44/21.60cmH 2O (200ml), respectively, and were significantly different at each sampling point ( P<0.01). During urination period, no significant differences were found in data( P>0.05), and the data measured with ACC and WFC system have good consistency. There were significant differences in Pves(mean 57.30/49.95 cmH 2O, respectively) and Pdet(mean 54.21/43.10 cmH 2O, respectively) between ACC and WFC in cough ( P<0.01), but there was a strong linear correlation between these data between two systems(R 2=0.792 in Pves and 0.756 in Pabd). Bland-Altman analysis showed that detrusor pressure at the maximum urine flow rate maintained good consistency between ACC and WFC, which 95% CI was -13.9 cmH 2O to 15.8 cmH 2O. Conclusions:In PFS, although the ACC measurement values (Pves and Pabd) during the filling phase are higher than those WFC readings, but the absolute measurement difference is small, so there is no practical meaning in clinical practice. There was no significant difference in detrusor pressure measured during voiding phase, which indicated that the urodynamic judgment and clinical conclusions of the two systems are highly consistent in judgment of the detrusor contractility and the bladder outlet obstruction.

16.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 193-199, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of microRNA-4298 (miR-4298) targeting inhibition of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PADI4) expression in U251 cells apoptosis induced by histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA).Methods:The experiment was divided into TSA group (0.2 μmol/L TSA) and contral group. CCK8 method was used to detect the effect of TSA on the proliferation of U251 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis level of U251 cells after drug action. Reverse transcription PCR and Western blotting experiments were used to determine the changes of PADI4 gene and protein expression after miR-4298 interference. Luciferase assay was used to determine the effects of miR-4298 on targeted binding and luciferase activity in the 3′UTR region of PADI4. U251 cells were transfected with PADI4 to observe the rescue effect of miR-4298 on apoptosis. Each experiment was divided into 3 groups, NC group, miR-4298 mimic group, TSA+ miR-4298 mimic group and NC group, miR-4298 inhibitor group, TSA+ miR-4298 inhibitor group.Results:U251 cells were treated with 0.2 μmol/L TSA for 4 days, the Absorbancy ( A) values of the control group was 1.168±0.148, which was higher than those of the TSA group (0.737±0.007), with statistically significant difference ( t=4.948, P=0.008). Compared with the control group, after treatment with 0.2 μmol/L TSA for 48 h, U251 cells showed obvious apoptosis (27.62%±3.49% vs. 4.99%±0.13%, t=11.190, P<0.001). Compared with those before the drug treatment, the PADI4 gene expression (0.386±0.020 vs. 0.903±0.021) and protein expression (0.276±0.041 vs. 0.777±0.031) after TSA treatment for 48 h both were decreased, with statistically significant differences ( t=30.400, P<0.001; t=16.770, P<0.001). The expression of miR-4298 during the process of TSA-induced U251 cell apoptosis increased (2.573±0.289 vs. 1.003±0.136; t=8.487, P=0.001). There was a negative correlation between the miR-4298 expression and PADI4 expression ( r=-0.877, P=0.002). Luciferase experiment confirmed that miR-4298 has targeted binding and luciferase inhibitory effects on the 3′UTR region of wild-type PADI4. Compared with NC group (0.920±0.026), the relative expression levels of PADI4 gene of miR-4298 mimic group (0.413±0.049) and TSA+ miR-4298 mimic group (0.213±0.035) were decreased, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). The PADI4 protein expression level change was consistent with the gene change trend. Compared with NC group (3.78%±0.68%), the apoptosis levels of miR-4298 mimic group (7.96%±1.10%) and TSA+ miR-4298 mimic group (13.74%±1.26%) were increased, with statistically significant differences ( P=0.005; P<0.001). Compared with NC group (0.183±0.025), the PADI4 gene expression of miR-4298 inhibitor group (0.483±0.032) and TSA+ miR-4298 inhibitor group (0.386±0.025) were increased, with statistically significant differences ( P<0.001; P=0.015). The PADI4 protein expression level change was consistent with the gene change trend. Compared with NC group (4.96%±0.59%), the apoptosis levels of miR-4298 inhibitor group (23.83%±2.20%) and TSA+ miR-4298 inhibitor group (9.55%±1.49%) were increased, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). In the rescue experiment, the expression level of PADI4 in miR-4298 mimic group was significantly increased ( P<0.001), while the expression level of PADI4 in miR-4298 mimic+ PADI4 group was relatively reversed ( P=0.002). Conclusion:miR-4298 can participate in the process of U251 cell apoptosis by targeting the expression of PADI4 gene, and miR-4298 may be the target of targeted intervention therapy for glioma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 31-36, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of mirror therapy on upper limb motor function recovery and corticospinal tract remodeling after stroke. Methods:From March, 2017 to March, 2019, 42 subcortical stroke patients with upper limb dysfunction from Shanghai Fifth People's Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 21) and observation group (n = 21). Both groups received routine rehabiliation, while the observation group received mirror therapy additionally, for twelve weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), and scanned with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) before and after treatment. The fractional anisotropy (FA) in posterior limb of internal capsule (PLIC) was obtained. Results:The scores of FMA-UE improved in both groups after treatment (t > 9.560, P < 0.001), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.634, P < 0.05). FA decreased significantly in the affected-lateral PLIC compared with that in the unaffected-lateral PLIC in both groups (t > 11.368, P < 0.001). FA in the affected side increased significantly after treatment in the observation group (t = 2.385, P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference in the control group (t = -0.596, P > 0.05). FA increased more significantly in the observation group than in the control group (t = 2.306, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Mirror therapy can promote the recovery of motor function of upper limb and the corticospinal tract remodeling in stroke patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 230-236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of home-based rehabilitation training on a patient with posterior shoulder dislocation with reverse Hill-Sacks lesion. Methods:According to the preoperative and postoperative evaluation and the operation way, a four-phase home-based rehabilitation training plan was developed for the patient, which included the training of muscle strength and range of motion, and proprioceptive sensation training and so on. The patient was followed up in rehabilitation department regularly. The range of motion was measured, and were also evaluated with Manual Muscle Test, Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and modified Rowe Score. Results:Six months after operation, the active range of motion of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction and external rotation of his shoulder reached to the normal range, the active internal rotation reached to level L3, the muscle strength recovered to the normal level, the VAS decreased from six preoperative to 0 postoperative, and the modified Rowe Score improved from 16 preoperative to 91. Ten months after operation, his active internal rotation reached to level L1, and the modified Rowe Score was 93. Conclusion:Individualized remote guidance and reasonable home-based rehabilitation training might be effective on posterior shoulder dislocation with reverse Hill-Sacks lesion.

19.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 351-363, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881076

ABSTRACT

Digestive system cancers, including liver, gastric, colon, esophageal and pancreatic cancers, are the leading cause of cancers with high morbidity and mortality, and the question of their clinical treatment is still open. Previous studies have indicated that Ziyuglycoside II (ZYG II), the major bioactive ingredient extract from Sanguisorba officinalis L., significantly inhibits the growth of various cancer cells. However, the selective anti-tumor effects of ZYG II against digestive system cancers are not systemically investigated. In this study, we reported the anti-cancer effect of ZYG II on esophageal cancer cells (OE21), cholangiocarcinoma cells (HuCCT1), gastric cancer cells (BGC-823), liver cancer cells (HepG2), human colonic cancer cells (HCT116), and pancreatic cancer cells (PANC-1). We also found that ZYG II induced cell cycle arrest, oxidative stress and mitochondrial apoptosis. Network pharmacology analysis suggested that UBC, EGFR and IKBKG are predicted targets of ZYG II. EGFR signaling was suggested as the critical pathway underlying the anti-cancer effects of ZYG II and both docking simulation and western blot analysis demonstrated that ZYG II was a potential EGFR inhibitor. Furthermore, our results showed synergistic inhibitory effects of ZYG II and chemotherapy 5-FU on the growth of cancer cells. In summary, ZYG II are effective anti-tumor agents against digestive cancers. Further systemic evaluation of the anti-cancer activities in vitro and in vivo and characterization of underlying mechanism will promote the development of novel supplementary therapeutic strategies based on ZYG II for the treatment of digestive system cancers.

20.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 241-254, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881068

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui) and Ligusticum Chuanxiong Rhizoma (Chuan Xiong) herb-pair (DC) have been frequently used in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescriptions for hundreds of years to prevent vascular diseases and alleviate pain. However, the mechanism of DC herb-pair in the prevention of liver fibrosis development was still unclear. In the present study, the effects and mechanisms of DC herb-pair on liver fibrosis were examined using network pharmacology and mouse fibrotic model. Based on the network pharmacological analysis of 13 bioactive ingredients found in DC, a total of 46 targets and 71 pathways related to anti-fibrosis effects were obtained, which was associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway, hepatic inflammation and fibrotic response. Furthermore, this hypothesis was verified using carbon tetrachloride (CCl

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL