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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of osteoporosis/osteopenia secondary to hyperthyroidism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2008 to November 2009, 27 patients with hyperthyroidism with osteoporosis/ osteopenia measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were included in this study, and then they were randomly divided into two groups (group A and group B) by simple random sampling. Group A consisted of 14 patients treated with antithyroid drug and caltrate D, the antithyroid drug change with thyroid function, and caltrate D 600 mg per day. Group B consisted of 13 patients treated with antithyroid drug, caltrate D and alendronate, antithyroid drug and caltrate D the same as group A, and alendronate 70 mg weekly. Meanwhile, 21 healthy voluntary adults were chosen as control group. And compared with the control group which was treated with nothing. Followed-up for one year, the bone mineral density (including T-score, Z-score, BMD) in lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN) and distal radius (DR) and general information, were compared before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BMD at FN and DR were significantly higher at 12 months after treatment than at the baseline in group A (P = 0.000); T-score, Z-score, and BMD at the LS, FN and DR were all significantly higher at 12 months after treatment than at the baseline in group B (P < 0.05), but these data could not arrive to normal level. In group A, the percentage increased in BMD at the LS, FN, and DR were (4.34 +/- 10.5)%, (3.21 +/- 1.38)%, (1.95 +/- 0.44)%, respectively, at 12 months after treatment. In group B, the percentage increased in BMD at the LS, FN, and DR were (6.10 +/- 8.12)%, (4.10 +/- 5.64)%, (3.10 +/- 3.23)%, respectively, at 12 months after treatment. There was significant difference in the rate of increase between two groups (P < 0.05). AKP decreased, weight, BMI increased, and thyroid function decreased, after treatment than those before in both of the two groups. (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Alendronate can significantly increase BMD in treating patients with hyperthyroidism and osteoporosis/osteopenia. Compared with anti-thyroid drugs alone, treatment with alendronate can obtain more clinical effect and also very safety.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Alendronate , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Density , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Hyperthyroidism , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Drug Therapy
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