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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 758-763, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790923

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on health economics,the influencing factors on prevalence rate of drinking-water-borne dental fluorosis were studied.Methods Collect panel data on the prevalence and influencing factors of dental fluorosis in drinking water-type endemic fluorosis (referred to as fluorosis) in 26 provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) from 2005 to 2015.The theoretical hypothesis model of influencing factors on the prevalence of drinking-water-borne dental fluorosis was constructed from six aspects:economic operation status (electricity consumption),urbanization status (urban population ratio),natural environmental protection (per capita public green space area),urban water supply capacity (urban water population),health expenditure,and fixed assets investment of health institutions.And then Eviews 7.2 was used for panel data regression analysis.Results From 2005 to 2015,the prevalence rate of drinking-water-borne dental fluorosis in China showed a downward trend (r =-0.881,P <0.05).The electricity consumption,urban population ratio,per capita public green space area,urban water population and health expenditure had significant impacts on the prevalence rate of drinking-water-borne dental fluorosis (P < 0.05).In this model,per capita public green space area and urban population ratio had the greatest impacts on the prevalence of drinking-water-borne dental fluorosis (absolute value of the standard coefficient > 1).Then,the absolute value of standard coefficient on urban water population was 0.750,and that of electricity consumption and health expenditure were the lowest (absolute value of the standard coefficient =0.266).Conclusion Favorable natural environment,urbanization,construction of urban water supply facilities,reasonable increase of health expenditure and sustainable development of regional economy are powerful impetus to reduce the prevalence rate of drinking-water-borne dental fluorosis and to promote public health development.

2.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 33-37, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703248

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the male and female rat model of fluorosis and to explore the gender difference in fluorosis. Methods A total of 48 clean-grade SD rats with the body weight of about 150 g (male∶female=1∶1) were equally divided into the control group and fluorosis model group. Rats in the fluorosis model group were fed with fluorine-containing (100 mg/kg) feedstuff. The general condition, changes in body weight and dental fluorosis of the rats were observed every three days. A batch of female and male rats were sacrificed by femoral artery bleeding on the 70th and 110th day of experiment, respectively, when all rats showed dental fluorosis. The levels of urinary fluoride and bone fluoride of the rats were measured by a fluoride ion-selective electrode. Results All the male and female rats in the control group did not show dental fluorosis during the entire experiment. The female and male rats in the fluorosis group showed dental fluorosis visible to naked eye began approximately on the 60th and 80th day, respectively, indicating that the appearance of dental fluorosis of the male rats was about 20 days later than the female rats. After 30 days or so, the male and female rats went into a rapid growth period, and there were significant differences between the body weights of the male and female rats (P< 0. 01). The body weight of the male and female rats in the fluorosis group was higher than that of the control group on the 110th day. With the progression of fluorosis, the levels of urinary fluoride and bone fluoride of the rats were gradually increased, and finally significantly higher than those of the control group (P< 0. 01). There was a positive correlation between the levels of urinary and bone fluoride and the time of fluorosis. The levels of urinary and bone fluoride of the male rats were significantly higher than those of the female rats (P< 0. 01), indicating that they are affected by gender. Conclusions The body weight of the rat model of fluorosis, the starting time when dental fluorosis occurs and the levels of urinary and bone fluorine are all different between male and female rats.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 30-34, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701262

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) in brain tissue of rats with different doses of fluorosis-induced brain injury.Methods Forty-eight clean SD rats were divided into 4 groups based on body weight (90-100 g) via the random number table method:the control group (normal feed containing fluoride 4.5 mg/kg),low fluoride groups (feed containing fluoride 25.0 mg/kg),middle fluoride groups (feed containing fluoride 50.0 mg/kg),high fluoride groups (feed containing fluoride 100.0 mg&g),twelve rats in each group,half male and half female.Rats in each group drank tap water freely.Low,middle and high fluorine groups were free to eat the designated different formulations of raw coal and mixed peat baked corn feed,other feed ingredients were the same as those in control group,the rats were sacrificed at 90 d of fluorine exposure.At 7 d before the rats were sacrificed,Morris water maze and platform experiment were employed to test the ability of learning and memory in rats.Take the brain tissue and thigh long bones after the rats were sacrificed,immediately.The fluorine ion selective electrode method was used to detect urinary fluoride and fluorine content in bone in rats.The brain SIRT1 mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by Real-Time PCR and Western blotting,respectively.Results In the space exploration experiments,the mean time to first passage of platform of the rats in control group and low,middle and high fluorine groups were (9.8 ± 3.5),(15.8 ± 5.1),(22.2 ± 7.9) and (30.5 ± 8.5) s,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =10.853,P < 0.05).The number of passed through the platform of the rats in control and low,middle and high fluorine groups were (5.2 ± 2.1),(3.3 ± 1.6),(1.3 ± 1.1) and (1.2 ± 0.8) time/60 s,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =10.105,P< 0.05).In the control group and low,middle and high fluoride groups,the resting time of the original platform quadrant were (30.5 ± 9.8),(22.7 ± 4.6),(13.8 ± 4.8) and (7.0 ± 2.4) s,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =17.433,P < 0.05).And the middle,high fluoride groups compared with the control group was significantly different (P < 0.05).With increase of fluoride dosage,the first time to cross the platform gradually extended,the number of crossing the platform and the original platform quadrant dwell time decreased gradually,the differences between the middle,high fluoride groups and the low fluoride group were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The mRNA expression of SIRT1 in control group and low,middle and high fluoride groups were 0.979 ± 0.088,0.907 ± 0.050,0.426 ± 0.073,0.219 ± 0.092,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =136.837,P < 0.05).The levels of SIRT1 protein in control group,low,middle and high fluoride groups were 1.224 ± 0.139,0.988 ± 0.096,0.581 ± 0.084 and 0.269 ± 0.066,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =107.961,P < 0.05).The levels of SIRT1 mRNA and protein were gradually decreased with increase of fluoride dose in the low,middle and high fluoride groups (P < 0.05).Conclusions Fluorosis can affect the learning and memory ability of rats.SIRT1 mRNA and protein expressed in rat brain is decreased,which is more obvious with the increase of fluoride dose.

4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 641-644,652, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697673

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic values of procalcitonin(PCT),C-reactive protein (CRP),white blood cell(WBC),and neutrophil(N%)in bacterial infectious diseases. Methods Selected 272 patients with bacterial infectious diseases as the research object,all the patients were in accordance with diagnostic criteria of infection,and confirmed by laboratory examination and microbial cultures. Results The total sensitivity of bacterial infection was PCT > CRP > N% > WBC,and the specificity was PCT > CRP > WBC > N%. After different bacterial infection,klebsiella pneumonia was larger in view of PCT sensitivity than escherichia coli, followed by staphylococcus aureus,streptococcus pneumonia,and bauman acinetobacter in ranking. In view of CRP sensitivity,streptococcus pneumonia was larger than klebsiella pneumonia,followed by escherichia coli, staphylococcus aureus,and bauman acinetobacter in ranking. In respect of WBC sensitiveness,bauman acineto-bacter was larger than escherichia coli,followed by staphylococcus aureus,streptococcus pneumonia and klebsiella pneumoniae.In respect of N% sensitivity,streptococcus pneumonia was larger than klebsiella pneumonia,followed by bowman acinetobacter,escherichia coli,and staphylococcus aureus in ranking.After bacterial infection,PCT, CRP,WBC and N% were significantly higher than normal control group,and significantly higher than normal refer-ence value. After different bacterial infections,in view of the PCT level,klebsiella pneumonia was higher than streptococcus pneumonia,followed byescherichia coli,staphylococcus aureus,and bauman acinetobacter in rank-ing.In view of CRP level,klebsiella pneumonia was higher than streptococcus pneumonia,followed by escherichia coli,staphylococcal aureus and bowman acinetobacter. In view of WBC level,staphylococcus aureus was higher than bowman acinetobacter,followed by escherichia coli,klebsiella pneumonia and streptococcus pneumoniae. In view of N% level,klebsiella pneumonia was higher than streptococcus pneumonia,followed by bowman acineto-bacter,staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli. Conclusion In terms of the sensitivity of PCT,CRP,WBC and NEC% to bacterial infection,the sequence is PCT>CRP>N%>WBC.

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1712-1715, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692005

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression changes of p53 and p21 in premature ovarian failure in female rats exposed to coal burning fluorosis.Methods Ablactation 24 SD female rats were chosen to establish animal model (the model group),in fluorine 90 days were put to death.Observed the changes of the teeth of the female rats during fluorine exposure and ovarian granulosa cell premature aging change,detected fluorine contents of urine and bone,and expression of the ovarian granular cell gene p53 and p21.Results In the model group,fluorine spot tooth,the fluorine contents of urine and bone increased significantly.In the model group,there was no premature aging of ovarian granulosa cells in the low fluorine group,but with the increase of dye fluorine metering,ovarian granulosa cells became mild,moderate to severe progressive edema trends,cells morphological damaged fuzzy,and atresia follicles increased significantly,corpus luteum degraded,mature follicle significantly reduced,and the ovarian function gradually signs of premature aging presented.With the increase of dye fluoride measurement,the expression of aging gene p53 and p21 in each group gradually increased,compared with the control group,there was statistically significant difference (P<0.05).Conclusion Premature ovarian failure caused by coal-burning fluorosis was significantly related to the expression of genes p53 and p21.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 814-819, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490997

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels can secrete a variety of factors in the local lesion, and these factors can promote cel proliferation and inhibit cel apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel transplantation on the aging heart of rats and to explore the possible mechanism of action. METHODS:Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three groups: normal blank group, model group and treatment group. Aging models were made in the latter two groups by injection of D-galactose. Rats in the treatment group were given alogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel injection, once a week, totaly four times. At 1 week after final injection, the heart tissues were sliced into sections to observe the pathological changes using hematoxylin-eosin staining. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor in the heart tissues. Real-time PCR was used to measure the expression of p53 mRNA in the heart tissues. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel transplantation could improve the pathological morphology of the aging heart. Compared with the model group, the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor in the heart tissues was significantly higher in the treatment group (P < 0.05), but the mRNA expression of p53 was lower (P < 0.05). It is speculated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels can interact with heart cels to secrete basic fibroblast growth factor and reduce p53 mRNA expression, thereby playing a curative effect on the aging heart.

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