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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882214

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the antimicrobial resistance characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolated from outpatients with diarrhea in Shanghai, and provide support for surveillance, prevention and control of CRE. Methods:A total of 800 fecal swabs of the outpatients with diarrhea were collected from 23 sentinel hospitals for diarrhea pathogen surveillance in Shanghai from January 2018 to December 2019. The drug-resistant strains were isolated using MacConkey plates containing 1 μg/μL meropenem. The collected strains were identified preliminarily by the VITEK-2 Compact system and VITEK mass spectrometry. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the strain was determined by the broth microdilution method. The multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) method and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were used to analyze the homology of drug-resistant strains. The transferability of the resistance gene was investigated by a junction experiment. High-throughput sequencing was used to characterize the isolates. Results:Seven non-repetitive CRE isolates were multi-drug resistant carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CREC) strains that produce New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) with resistance to several commonly used antibiotics in clinical therapy. The molecular typing results showed that the CRE strains had different sequence types, and diverse PFGE patterns. The stains were all positive for blaNDM genes, including blaNDM-5 and blaNDM-13, with blaNDM-5 as the main type. The carbapenem-resistant genes could be transferred to EC600 by conjugation. Conclusion:The intestinal carbapenem-resistant strains in this study are all NDM-producing Escherichia coli. The isolates carried blaNDM and other resistance genes. The MLST analysis showed that they belonged to different cloning types. Antimicrobial resistance genes could be horizontally transferred to EC600 by conjugation.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787142

ABSTRACT

Medium- and long-chain triglyceride (MCT/LCT) propofol is widely used as an intravenous anesthetic, especially in the intensive care unit. The present study aimed to assess whether MCT/LCT propofol is safe in the hyperlipidemic population for long-term use. Free fatty acids (FFAs) were used to establish high-fat stimulation of HepG2 and Huh7 cells. Subsequently, these cells were treated with propofol at the concentration of 0, 4, or 8 µg/ml for 24 and 48 h. The results indicated that the cell viability was notably decreased when the cells were stimulated with 2 mmol/L FFAs and treated with 12 µg/ml MCT/LCT propofol. Accordingly, we chose 2 mmol/L FFAs along with 4 and 8 µg/ml MCT/LCT propofol for the subsequent experiments. Four and 8 µg/ml MCT/LCT propofol inhibited FFA-induced lipid accumulation in the cells and significantly reversed acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) activity. In addition, MCT/LCT propofol not only significantly promoted the phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC, but also reversed the FFA-induced decreased phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC. In conclusion, MCT/LCT propofol reverses the negative effects caused by FFAs in HepG2 and Huh7 cells, indicating that MCT/LCT propofol might positively regulate lipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Cell Survival , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified , Hepatocytes , Intensive Care Units , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Propofol , Triglycerides
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799009

ABSTRACT

Hepatocarcinogenesis is a multi-step process in which detection of precancerous lesions and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma in its progressive stage is crucially important for predicting tumor behavior, estimating the extent of lesions, implementing the optimal treatment strategy, and improving the survival of patients. The rapid development and wide application of liver imaging technology, especially the application of hepatocyte-specific gadoxetate disodium MRI contrast agent (Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI), not only provide information on vascular changes of liver nodules and hepatocyte function, but also has become a precise diagnostic method for differentiating cirrhotic regenerative nodule (RN), low-grade dysplastic nodule (LGDN), high-grade dysplastic nodule (HGDN), early hepatocellular carcinoma and HCC. Hence, the risk for malignant progression is stratified. This review summarizes the value of Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI for early HCC diagnosis and analyzes the key concepts in the multi-step process of HCC development as well as the imaging manifestations of precancerous lesions that may eventually be transformed into typical HCC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777966

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among elderly people in communities of Nanning, so as to provide scientific basis for the formulation of MCI early intervention measures. Methods A total of sample of 3 000 elderly people aged 60 or above living in Nanning area were sampled out using the method of cluster random sampling from three communities in Nanning. The Beijing version of the montreal cognitive assessment (MOCA-BJ) was administered by face to face interview. Results 833 MCI patients were detected. The standardized prevalence rate of MCI was 27.27% by the age composition of the population in Nanning in 2010. Single factor analysis showed that there were significant differences(all P<0.05)in the prevalence of MCI in different groups by age, education, occupation, exercise time, sleep time, number of reading, community activities and housework. Multivariate analysis showed that old age, primary education level, occupation of farmer/migrant worker and enterprise personnel/worker were the risk factors of MCI, adequate sleep time, moderate exercise time and reading times were the protective factors of MCI (all P<0.05). Conclusions The prevalence rate of MCI is high among the elderly in Nanning. The elderly with advanced age, primary school education, occupation as farmer/peasant-worker and enterprise personnel/workerare at high risk of developing MCI. Effective measures should be taken as soon as possible to prevent the occurrence and development of MCI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of fast spin-echo diffusion weighted imaging (TSE-DWI) apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in children aged 2-12 years with intellectual disability (ID)/global developmental delay (GDD) who have normal conventional brain MRI findings.@*METHODS@#A total of 578 children with normal conventional brain MRI findings who met the diagnostic criteria for ID/GDD and 375 normal children were enrolled. Their imaging and clinical data were collected. All children underwent scanning with brain TSE-DWI sequence and routine sequence. ADC values of each brain region were compared between normal children with different ages, as well as between children with different degrees of ID/GDD in each age group. The influence of Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-II (ABAS-II) score on ADC values of each brain region was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#For the normal children, the ADC values of the frontal and temporal white matter, the corpus callosum, the inner capsule, the centrum semiovale, the cerebellar dentate nucleus, the optic radiation, the thalamus, the lenticular nucleus, and the caudate nucleus gradually decreased with age (P<0.05). ADC values of the deep white matter, the shallow white matter, the deep gray matter nuclei, and the shallow gray matter increased with the increase in the degree of ID/GDD in the ID/GDD children aged 4-6 years (P<0.05). In the children with ID/GDD, the ADC values of the deep white matter, the shallow white matter, and the deep gray matter nuclei decreased with age (P<0.05). The ADC values of the children with ID/GDD decreased with the increase in ABAS-II score (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ADC can reflect the subtle structural changes of brain regions in children with ID/GDD who have normal conventional brain MRI findings. It may be associated with social adaptation. It can provide an objective basis for the quantitative diagnosis of ID/GDD in children.


Subject(s)
Brain , Child , Child, Preschool , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , White Matter
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The primary objective of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) among Chinese children aged 12-17 years.@*METHODS@#A semi-quantitative 72-food item FFQ was developed for children aged 12-17 years. The reliability and validity of this FFQ were evaluated against 24-h dietary recalls (24 h DRs) to measure the consumption of foods and nutrients. We administered two FFQs and three DRs to children (N = 160) over a period of 1 month to evaluate the reliability and validity. Reliability was examined by quartile agreement and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), and validity was examined by quartile agreement, Bland-Altman plots and correlation with DRs.@*RESULTS@#For reliability, the ICCs between the two FFQs ranged from 0.21 to 0.76 for foods and nutrients, and the quartile agreement ranged from 70.0% to 95.0% in the same or adjacent quartiles. Spearman's correlation coefficients of foods and nutrients between the second FFQ and the 24 h DRs ranged from -0.04 to 0.59. The Bland-Altman plots demonstrated good agreement across the range of intakes among nutrients. The quartile agreement ranged from 50.0% to 100.0%, with infrequent misclassification.@*CONCLUSION@#The FFQ assessment of dietary intakes demonstrated acceptable relative validity and high reproducibility for Chinese children aged 12-17 years.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Diet Records , Female , Humans , Male , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study is aimed to report the development, the reliability and validity of the Chinese Children Physical Activity Questionnaire (CCPAQ) which was designed for the assessment of physical activity pattern in young population in China.@*METHODS@#The CCPAQ was administered for two times in 119 children (mean age 13.1 ± 2.4 years; boys 47%) to examine reliability by using intraclass correlation coefficients. Validity was determined in 106 participants by agreement with the CCPAQ measures and the objective method, the ActiGraph accelerometer. Data on physical activity pattern including time spent on different intensities and total physical activity, sedentary behavior as well as physical activity energy expenditure were used to assess the validity with Spearman's correlation coefficient and the Bland-Altman plots.@*RESULTS@#The reliability coefficient of the CCPAQ ranged from 0.63-0.93 (Intra-class correlation coefficient). Spearman's correlation coefficient for validity of time spent on total physical activity and sedentary behavior were all 0.32 (P < 0.001), and for physical activity energy expenditure was 0.58 (P < 0.001). Time spent on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and light physical activity showed a relatively low correlation with the accelerometer (rho = 0.20, P = 0.040; rho = 0.19, P = 0.054).@*CONCLUSION@#The CCPAQ appears to be a promising and feasible method to assess physical activity pattern in Chinese children.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1305-1313, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, is an aggressive entity within the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid tumors. The International Prognostic Index is reported to be prognostically meaningful for ENKTL, but lacks discriminatory power for stage I/II ENKTL with extensive local invasion. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effects of local invasion by site and tissue type in patients with ENKTL.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed data of 86 patients who were diagnosed with ENKTL by the Department of Pathology of Beijing Tongren Hospital from June 2002 to April 2016, and ascertained tumor infiltration of adjacent structures (AS), bone, and soft tissue for each patient, using physical findings and imaging scans. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to assess the association of each involved tissue or site with patients' overall survival (OS).@*RESULTS@#Of the 86 patients, 71 (82.6%) experienced invasion of AS, 22 (25.6%) of soft tissue, and 26 (30.2%) had bone involvement. Overall, patients with AS involvement did not show significantly shorter survival than those without AS involvement (Log rank χ = 1.177, P = 0.278); however, patients who had involved eyeballs or brains showed significantly lower 2-year OS rates than those without eyeball involvement (Log rank χ = 4.105, P = 0.043) or brain involvement (Log rank χ = 7.126, P = 0.008). Patients with involved local soft tissue or bones, respectively, showed lower 2-year OS rates than those without involved local soft tissue (Log rank χ = 10.390, P = 0.001) or bones (Log rank χ = 8.993, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that involvement of the cheek or facial muscles (hazard ratio, HR = 5.471, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.466-20.416, P = 0.011) and the maxilla bone (HR = 6.120, 95% CI: 1.517-24.694, P = 0.011) were significantly independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Imaging can accurately detect ENKTL invasion of AS, soft tissue, and bone. Involvement of local soft tissue or bone was significantly associated with lower 2-year OS rates. Involvements of the cheek or facial muscle, as well as maxilla bone, are independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates in ENKTL patients.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1305-1313, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800846

ABSTRACT

Background@#Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, is an aggressive entity within the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid tumors. The International Prognostic Index is reported to be prognostically meaningful for ENKTL, but lacks discriminatory power for stage I/II ENKTL with extensive local invasion. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effects of local invasion by site and tissue type in patients with ENKTL.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed data of 86 patients who were diagnosed with ENKTL by the Department of Pathology of Beijing Tongren Hospital from June 2002 to April 2016, and ascertained tumor infiltration of adjacent structures (AS), bone, and soft tissue for each patient, using physical findings and imaging scans. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to assess the association of each involved tissue or site with patients’ overall survival (OS).@*Results@#Of the 86 patients, 71(82.6%) experienced invasion of AS, 22(25.6%) of soft tissue, and 26(30.2%) had bone involvement. Overall, patients with AS involvement did not show significantly shorter survival than those without AS involvement (Log rank χ2 = 1.177, P = 0.278); however, patients who had involved eyeballs or brains showed significantly lower 2-year OS rates than those without eyeball involvement (Log rank χ2 = 4.105, P = 0.043) or brain involvement (Log rank χ2 = 7.126, P = 0.008). Patients with involved local soft tissue or bones, respectively, showed lower 2-year OS rates than those without involved local soft tissue (Log rank χ2 = 10.390, P = 0.001) or bones (Log rank χ2 = 8.993, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that involvement of the cheek or facial muscles (hazard ratio, HR = 5.471, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.466–20.416, P = 0.011) and the maxilla bone (HR = 6.120, 95% CI: 1.517–24.694, P = 0.011) were significantly independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates.@*Conclusions@#Imaging can accurately detect ENKTL invasion of AS, soft tissue, and bone. Involvement of local soft tissue or bone was significantly associated with lower 2-year OS rates. Involvements of the cheek or facial muscle, as well as maxilla bone, are independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates in ENKTL patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744229

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study whether homocysteine (Hcy) inhibits the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) by microRNA-33 (miRNA-33) signaling, and reduces the efficiency of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT).METHODS:RAW264.7 macrophages were induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) to establish foam cell model.Oil red O staining was used to determine whether the model was established successfully.miRNA-33 mimics and miRNA-33 inhibitor were transfected into the cells by Lipofectamine 2000, and the cells were exposed to Hcy at concentration of 5 mmol/L for 24 h.The intracellular lipid droplets were observed by Oil red O staining.The expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 at mRNA and protein levels was determined by real-time PCR and Western blot.The cellular cholesterol content was analyzed by HPLC, and effluent rate of cholesterol was detected by the method of liquid scintillation counting.RESULTS:Compared with blank control group, the lipid content in miRNA-33 mimics group was increased, and the expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 at mRNA and protein levels was decreased (P<0.05).The intracellular cholesterol content was increased gradually (P<0.05) , and the cellular cholesterol efflux rate was gradually decreased (P<0.05) in miRNA-33 mimics group.Compared with blank control group, the testing results in miRNA-33 inhibitor group were the opposition of those in miRNA-33 mimics group (P<0.05).No difference of the above indexes among blank control group, miRNA-33 mimics-NC group and miRNA-33 inhibitor-NC group was observed.CONCLUSION:Hcy inhibits the mRNA and protein expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 through miRNA-33 signaling, and reduces the efficiency of RCT in RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662068

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic performance of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in assessing liver cirrhosis preoperatively in infants with biliary atresia (BA).Methods A total of 64 consecutive infants with BA who underwent ARFI imaging in 3 days before Kasai surgery were recruited.Virtual Touch Quantification mode was used to measure shear wave speed (SWS),All infants with BA underwent liver biopsy during the surgery.The mean SWS of infants with and without liver cirrhosis were compared and analyzed.The diagnostic efficacy of SWS was observed using ROC curves.Results Liver cirrhosis was found in 8 of 64 infants.The mean SWS in infants with cirrhosis was significant-ly higher than that in infants without cirrhosis ([2.51±0.50]m/s vs [1.74±0.31]m/s,t=6.039,P<0.001).The cutoff value of SWS for predicting liver cirrhosis was 2.16 m/s,the area under ROC curve was 0.930 (P<0.001),and the diagnostc sensitivity and specificity was 87.50% and 92.86%,respectively.Conclusion ARFI imaging is helpful to predic tion of liver cirrhosis in infants with BA preoperatively.It may be an effective method for clinical management and prognosis prediction in infants with BA.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659314

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic performance of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in assessing liver cirrhosis preoperatively in infants with biliary atresia (BA).Methods A total of 64 consecutive infants with BA who underwent ARFI imaging in 3 days before Kasai surgery were recruited.Virtual Touch Quantification mode was used to measure shear wave speed (SWS),All infants with BA underwent liver biopsy during the surgery.The mean SWS of infants with and without liver cirrhosis were compared and analyzed.The diagnostic efficacy of SWS was observed using ROC curves.Results Liver cirrhosis was found in 8 of 64 infants.The mean SWS in infants with cirrhosis was significant-ly higher than that in infants without cirrhosis ([2.51±0.50]m/s vs [1.74±0.31]m/s,t=6.039,P<0.001).The cutoff value of SWS for predicting liver cirrhosis was 2.16 m/s,the area under ROC curve was 0.930 (P<0.001),and the diagnostc sensitivity and specificity was 87.50% and 92.86%,respectively.Conclusion ARFI imaging is helpful to predic tion of liver cirrhosis in infants with BA preoperatively.It may be an effective method for clinical management and prognosis prediction in infants with BA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272713

ABSTRACT

The antagonistic effect of Bacillus spp. against Fusarium solani was evaluated by living body dual culture and Oxford cup method. The plant growth promoting properties of those strains that had obvious and stable antifungal activity were then tested. The results showed that the living body and bacteria-free fermentation filtrate of strain G10 both had obvious and stable antifungal effect to F. solani. Besides, the strain possessed such growth promoting properties as phosphate solubilization, nitrogen fixation, and production of IAA, amylase and HCN. Strain G10 was classified and identified as B. subtilis by a combination of morphological, physiological and biochemical tests, 16 SrDNA gene sequence analysis and the BBL CrystalTM bacteria identification. In conclusion, B. subtilis G10 has the basic characteristics of multifunctional strains and could be one of the microbiological resources for developing special bio-control agent against Astragalus root rot.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1389-1391, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637757

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical safety and effectiveness of the two kind of bandage contact lenses: Senofilcon A (Johnson & Johnson Acuvue Oasys) and Balafilcon A ( Bausch& Lomb pure vision ) after laser - assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). METHODS: Thirty - eight patients (76 eyes) who had undergone the LASEK were divided into two groups. One group of patients wore Balafilcon A, the other group of patients fitted with Senofilcon A. The lenses were worn continuously for 7d. This was a seven - day experience and the patients scored for the symptom of the eyes (sore eyes, foreign body sensation and tearing) on the third day and the seventh day. Both of the two groups of patients taken off the soft contact lens on the seventh day and let their vision and corneal staining checked. RESULTS: The symptoms of eye sore and tearing of the two groups patients were different. The patients who wore the Senofilcon A were better. The pain of eyes were also different at 3 and 7d after surgeries(Z = - 4. 146, P =0. 000; Z= - 2. 814, P = 0. 005). The difference on tearing between the two groups at 3 and 7d after surgeries were significant ( Z = -2. 309, P = 0. 021; Z= -3. 276, P= 0. 001). There was no difference on sensation of dryness between the two groups at 3 and 7d after surgeries (Z= -0. 447, P=0. 655; Z= -0. 966, P = 0. 334). After the lenses were taken off, the visual acuity of patients wearing Senofilcon A was better ( t = 3. 800, P = 0. 001 ); corneal staining showed limited spots in 1- 2 quadrants with significant difference (Z= -2. 384,P= 0. 017). CONCLUSION: The Senofilcon A ( Johnson &Johnson Acuvue Oasys ) and Balafilcon A ( Bausch& Lomb pure vision) bandage contact lenses are safe and effective after LASEK, and the former is better than the latter in epithelial regeneration.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279275

ABSTRACT

In recent years, root rot diseases of Chinese herbal medicine have been posing grave threat to the development of the traditional Chinese medicine industry. This article presents a review on the occurring situation of the root rot disease, including the occurrence of the disease, the diversity of the pathogens, the regional difference in dominant pathogens,and the complexity of symptoms and a survey of the progress in bio-control of the disease using antagonistic microorganisms. The paper also discusses the existing problems and future prospects in the research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibiosis , Bacteria , Fungi , Physiology , Nematoda , Pest Control, Biological , Methods , Plant Diseases , Microbiology , Parasitology , Plant Roots , Microbiology , Parasitology , Plants, Medicinal , Microbiology , Parasitology
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 407-410, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637219

ABSTRACT

· AlM: To study the effect of bone mesenchymal stem cells ( BMSCs ) and chondroitinaseABC ( ChABC ) on photoreceptor apoptosis in the retina of sodium iodate-induced rats. ·METHODS:Forty Sprague Dawley rats ( SD rats) were intraperitoneally injected with NalO3 (30g/L, 100mg/kg) to establish the retinal degeneration models ( postnatal 28d).These rats were devided into 4 groups.Group A was not injected, group B was injected with BMSCs, group C was injected with BMSCs and ChABC, and group D was injected with phosphate buffer saline ( PBS).After 28d, subretinal injection were applied. Hematoxyln - eosinstaining ( HE ) , tunel and immunohistochemistry were performed at 21d after subretinal injection. · RESULTS: Photoreceptor number and photoreceptor apoptosis rate of B and C groups were more than those of A and D groups, and there was significant difference statistically ( P 0.05 ) .Glial fibrillary acidic protein ( GFAP) was expressed by BMSCs after intraocular injection. · CONCLUSlON: BMSCs and ChABC injected into subretinal space may alleviate photoreceptor apoptosis so as to protect retinal photoreceptor cells in degenerated rats.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636485

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a novel and rare autoimmune disease entity. Elevated serum IgG4 level is strongly suggestive of IgG4-RD. But it is still unknown whether serum IgG4 elevation commonly occurs in other autoimmune diseases. In this study, the serum IgG4 levels were detected by an established enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a variety of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjogren's syndrome (SS), polymyositis or dermatomyositis (PM/DM) and IgG4-RD. To evaluate the reliability of this ELISA system, some of our samples were sent to a lab in Kanazawa Medical University, Japan, and detected by using the nephelometric assay. The results showed that our findings were consistent with theirs. Moreover, it was found that the serum IgG4 levels were 0.23±0.16 g/L in 53 healthy controls, 0.16±0.15 g/L in 103 SLE patients, 0.22±0.18 g/L in 41 SS patients and 0.40±0.32 g/L in 21 PM/DM patients. No significant difference in the serum IgG4 level was observed among these groups (P>0.05). The serum IgG4 levels of two cases of IgG4-RD were 1.63 and 4.65 g/L respectively, and both decreased markedly after treatment with glucocorticoids. These data indicated that this established ELISA system can be used for detecting serum IgG4 levels. Elevated serum IgG4 levels help diagnose IgG4-RD and evaluate the curative effect of this condition rather than other autoimmune diseases.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 404-408, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235438

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and its clinicopathological significance in Castleman's disease (CD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data and paraffin blocks of 92 CD patients and 20 cases of lymph node reactive hyperplasia (LRH) as a control group were collected from department of pathology of Peking University Health Science Center. The expression of IL-6 was detected by using immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 92 patients were composed of 42 multicentric variant (MCDs) and 50 unicentric variant (UCDs) clinically, and 30 hyaline-vascular variant (HV-CDs) and 62 plasma cell variant (PC-CDs) morphologically. None of them was positive for HIV tests. There were 56 males and 36 females, and their ages ranged from 4 years to 90 years with the median 41 years. IL-6 was expressed in 77 (83.7%) of 92 CD cases and 1 (5.0%) of 20 LRH cases. The expression rate of IL-6 was 90.5% in MCDs, 78.0% in UCDs, 93.6% in PC-CDs and 63.4% in HV-CDs, respectively. PC-CD cases showed a significantly higher expression rate of IL-6 than HV-CD cases (P = 0.001). All cases with positive IL-6 expression in plasmacytes were PC-CDs, showing obviously higher expression in MCDs than that in UCDs (P = 0.003). Compared with HV-CD cases, much more PC-CD cases showed IL-6 positivity in endothelial cells (P = 0.008). However, IL-6 was rarely expressed by both FDCs and macrophages, with only 3.3% and 10.9% positive cases, respectively. There are 53.2% (41/77) of the IL-6 positive cases and 20.0% (3/15) of IL-6 negative cases suffered from systemic symptoms, showing a significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.018). Cases with IL-6 expression in plasmacytes and macrophages were more likely to suffer from systemic symptoms, especially B type symptoms (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is a high expression rate of IL-6 in CD, which is different from LRH. The expression of IL-6 has close relationship with CD subtypes and the presence of systemic symptoms. In all, the evaluation of interleukin-6 is of great value to guide the diagnosis and therapy of CD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Castleman Disease , Metabolism , Pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251423

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a novel and rare autoimmune disease entity. Elevated serum IgG4 level is strongly suggestive of IgG4-RD. But it is still unknown whether serum IgG4 elevation commonly occurs in other autoimmune diseases. In this study, the serum IgG4 levels were detected by an established enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a variety of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjogren's syndrome (SS), polymyositis or dermatomyositis (PM/DM) and IgG4-RD. To evaluate the reliability of this ELISA system, some of our samples were sent to a lab in Kanazawa Medical University, Japan, and detected by using the nephelometric assay. The results showed that our findings were consistent with theirs. Moreover, it was found that the serum IgG4 levels were 0.23±0.16 g/L in 53 healthy controls, 0.16±0.15 g/L in 103 SLE patients, 0.22±0.18 g/L in 41 SS patients and 0.40±0.32 g/L in 21 PM/DM patients. No significant difference in the serum IgG4 level was observed among these groups (P>0.05). The serum IgG4 levels of two cases of IgG4-RD were 1.63 and 4.65 g/L respectively, and both decreased markedly after treatment with glucocorticoids. These data indicated that this established ELISA system can be used for detecting serum IgG4 levels. Elevated serum IgG4 levels help diagnose IgG4-RD and evaluate the curative effect of this condition rather than other autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Blood
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 388-391, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359477

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathologic features of primary nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (NMZL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hematoxylin-Eosin staining and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate the histological and immunophenotypic characteristics of lymph node (LN) tissue in 22 NMZL cases. Additionally, interphase fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) was carried out to detect the presence of t(11;18) (q21;q21)/API2-MALT1 and/or t(14;18)(q32;q21)/IGH-MALT1 in 9 cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of the 22 patients was 62 (16 - 77) ys. The male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1. All patients exhibited asymptomatic lymphadenopathy with the cervical region as the most often site to be involved (n = 11), followed by axillary (n = 9), inguinal (n = 7), submandibular (n = 6), mediastinal (n = 4), supraclavicular (n = 2) and retroperitoneal lymph nodes (n = 1). The Ann Arbor stages were I/II in 13 (59%) cases and III/IV in 9 (41%). Immunohistochemical study showed a consistently strong expression of CD20 and an absence in the expression of CD3ε, CD10, CD21, CD23, CyclinD1 and BCL6 by the tumor cells in all the cases. Frequency of expression of CD5 and BCL2 were 39% (7/18) and 30% (3/14) respectively. Among the 9 cases performed with FISH, 2 cases harbored t(14;18)and another 1 case positive for t(11;18) and t(14;18). Complete follow-up data were available for 13 cases. The follow-up time was 6 to 44 months. 3 of them died. 3-year cumulative survival rate was 67%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NMZL patients are often elderly, which mainly present with multiple lymphadenopathy, rare involvement of extranodal organ and early stage. The diagnosis must be based on a combination of clinicopathologic features, especially those patients detected t(11;18) and/or t(14;18).</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Biopsy , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Diagnosis , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Young Adult
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