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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828041

ABSTRACT

Corydalis Bungeanae Herba is often used to treat a variety of inflammatory diseases in traditional Chinese medicine. In order to determine its chemical material basis, the components of Corydalis Bungeanae Herba were isolated by automated purification system. Flavonoids and alkaloids were prepared, and all such components were identified by mass spectrometry. The effects of the components on the production of inflammatory mediators and pharmacological mechanisms in the lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model were examined. Mouse macrophages(RAW264.7) were first treated with LPS. The relationship between cell viability and LPS concentration was observed. Then, the effects of flavonoids components and alkaloid components with different administration concentrations on cell viability were detected to determine the maximum administration concentration. Secondly, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 μg·mL~(-1) flavonoids components and alkaloid components were added respectively to observe the effects and mechanism of different concentrations of flavonoids components and alkaloid components on LPS-induced inflammation of RAW264.7 macrophages. Griess reagent assay was used to detect NO content in cell supernatant. The inflammatory cytokines(TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) in cell supernatant were determined by ELISA method. Western blot method was used to detect the intracellular nuclear factor(NF-κB) IκBα phosphorylation(p-IκBα), p65 phosphorylation(p-p65) and protein expression of TLR4, TLR2. The results showed that the alkaloid components inhibited the production of NO, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in a dose-dependent mannerin the concentration range of 2.5-20 μg·mL~(-1). In inflammation upstream pathways, the inhibitory effect of the alkaloid components on the TLR2 expression level was weaker than that of TLR4. In inflammation downstream, alkaloid components significantly inhibited phosphorylation of IκBα and p65 in a dose-dependent manner. These data suggested that the alkaloid components were the material basis components of Corydalis Bungeanae Herba, and its anti-inflammatory mechanism might be related to inhibiting the transmission of inflammatory signals in TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathways dominated by TLR4, interfering with the activation of inflammatory genes and inhibiting their over expression, and down-regulating the secretion level of inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Corydalis , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice , NF-kappa B
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773116

ABSTRACT

In this paper,ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOFMS) technique was used to study the effects of steamed notoginseng on endogenous markers in plasma of rats with hemolytic anemia induced by N-acetyl phenyl hydrazine( APH). The aim was to find out the potential biomarkers and possible blood enriching mechanism of steamed notoginseng on hemolytic anemia rats. In the experiment,steamed notoginseng medicine pair( steamed notoginseng-ginseng)and compound medicines( Sanqi Yangxue Capsules) were used respectively to intervene in APH-induced hemolytic anemia model rats.Then blood routine indexes such as red blood cells( RBC),hemoglobin( Hb) and related organ indexes were determined. As compared with the blank group,the RBC and Hb levels in the model group were substantially decreased( P< 0. 01),while the liver and spleen organ indexes were increased( P< 0. 05). The results of blood routine and organ index demonstrated that the blood deficiency model was successfully established. Steamed notoginseng can significantly increase the RBC level of rats( P<0. 01),and the related indicators of each drug group had a trend of returning to normal levels,verifying the blood enriching effect of steamed notoginseng. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique,principal component analysis( PCA) and partial least squares-discrimination analysis( PLS-DA) were used to analyze the metabolic profiles between the normal group and the model group. Twenty-six potential biomarkers for hemolytic anemia were screened in plasma. Nine metabolites such as retinol,L-valine,and arachidonic acid were down-regulated in the blood deficiency rats,and 17 metabolites such as protoporphyrin Ⅸ and niacinamide were up-regulated. The metabolic level of biomarkers could be changed to a normal state after rats were given with steamed notoginseng,drug pairs,and compound prescriptions. It can be speculated that steamed notoginseng may play a role of blood tonifying by improving biosynthesis of valine,leucine and isoleucine,as well as metabolic pathways such as retinol metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Drug Therapy , Animals , Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Rats , Steam
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335751

ABSTRACT

UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS was used to identify metabolites in rat blood, urine and feces after the administration of n-butanol extract derived from steamed notoginseng. The metabolic process of saponins came from steamed notoginseng was analyzed. The metabolites were processed by PeakView software, and identified according to the structural characteristics of prototype compounds and the accurate qualitative and quantitative changes of common metabolic pathways. Four saponins metabolites were identified based on MS/MS information of metabolites, namely ginsenoside Rh₄, Rk₃, Rk₁, Rg₅,and their 15 metabolites were verified. The metabolic pathways of the four ginsenosides in n-butanol extract included glucuronidation, desugar, sulfation, dehydromethylation, and branch loss. The metabolites of main active saponin components derived from steamed Panax notoginseng were analyzed from the perspective of qualitative analysis. And the material basis for the efficacy of steamed notoginseng was further clarified.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327828

ABSTRACT

To analyze and compare the protective effects of active components in different ethyl acetate extracts (EAEEPs) from Eclipta prostrate, in order to study the comparison of materials bases protecting normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. The MTT assay was taken to compare the protective effect of different EAEEPs on cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) -induced NHBE cells. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) was applied to analyze the content of phenolic acid, coumaric grass ether and flavonoid in EAEEPs. According to the results, all of the eight EAEEPs (0-200 mg x L(-1)) showed certain protective effect on NHBE cells, with statistical difference. Specifically, the total mass of EAEEP VII (89.15 mg x L(-1)) and EAEEP VIII (57.44 mg x L(-1)), which showed the strongest activity, was not the highest, while EAEEP III (132.25 mg x L(-1)) displayed the highest total mass. In the combination with the "component structure" theory, the analysis showed a significant difference in the mass structure among phenolic acid, coumaric grass ether and flavonoid in EAEEP VIII and EAEEP VIII, which were 1.0: 1. 0: 0.5 and 1.0: 1.9: 0.8, respectively. The results suggested a specific optimal "component structure" relationship may exist in EAEEP, which could provide reference for the material base study and quality control.


Subject(s)
Bronchi , Cell Biology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Eclipta , Chemistry , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Protective Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 276-280, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235672

ABSTRACT

In order to study the chemical constituents in the water extract of the stem of Nauclea officinalis, column chromatography over D101 macroporous resin and silica gel and an automatic purification system were used to isolate and purify the chemical constituents from the extract. Nine compounds were obtained. By analysis of the physicochemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as naucleamide G (1), 3, 4-dimethoxyphenol-beta-D-apiofuranosyl (1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), kelampayoside A (3), 3alpha, 5alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycordifoline lactam (4), naucleamide A-10-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), pumiloside (6), 3-epi-pumiloside (7), strictosamide (8) and vincosamide (9), separately. Among them, compound 1 is a new compound, compound 2 was found in plants of the genus Nauclea for the first time, and compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Camptothecin , Chemistry , Carbolines , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rubiaceae , Chemistry , Vinca Alkaloids , Chemistry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291312

ABSTRACT

Danmu is one of common medicines in folks of Li nationality, with such effects in clearing heat and removing toxicity, antisepsis and anti-inflammation. Danmu injection, which is developed with Danmu herbs, has been clinically applied for years and showed curative efficacy. Currently, though many studies have been conducted to analyze chemical constituents in Danmu in details, its pharmacodynamic material basis related to disease prevention and treatment has not been defined. Furthermore, as the quality control methods for Danmu and its preparations remain restricted to single index component and irrational to some extent, it fails to ensure their inherent quality. On the basis of the summary of previous study results, as well as the "component structural theory" of the material basis, we established a "multi-dimensional structure quality control technology system" that is capable of reflecting the integrity of effects of Danmu injection and component structure hierarchy, and performed a dynamic monitoring over the whole process from medicinal materials and preparation products, so as to ensure the inherent quality of Danmu injection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Reference Standards , Humans , Mice , Quality Control
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