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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873589

ABSTRACT

@#With the rapid development of biopharmaceuticals, therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are widely accepted due to their low side-effects and high therapeutic efficacy. Individual differences in the response to mAb drugs put forward new requirements for therapeutic drug monitoring of antibody drugs.Therefore, the need for accurate and robust bioanalytical methods is increasing.Recently, LC-MS/MS has been gaining increasing interest in the field of large molecules.In this article, the recent advances in this emerging field are reviewed, along with common issues and analytical approaches.Thus, this review article is helpful for better understanding the advance of LC-MS/MS technique in the field of therapeutic drug monitoring for mAbs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 321-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different doses of lidocaine on recovery quality of patients with iodine-deficiency goiter after general anesthesia resection.Methods:Using a prospective design, 108 patients who underwent iodine-deficiency goiter resection in Yantai Yeda Hospital from April 2018 to April 2020 were selected as the research subjects. The patients were divided into control group (normal saline), lidocaine group A (1 mg/kg) and lidocaine group B (2 mg/kg) by random number table method, 36 cases in each group. The corresponding dose of lidocaine or the equivalent dose of normal saline was pumped into the vein after anesthesia induction and intubation for 30 minutes. The changes in the diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and blood glucose (GLU) levels of the three groups were observed before administration, immediately after the operation, immediately after opening the eyes, immediately after extubation, and 10 minutes after extubation; at the same time, arousal and restlessness score (RS), sedation score (Ramsay), visual analogue score (VAS) and adverse reactions(coughing, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression) occurrence were recorded.Results:At the moment of eye opening, immediately after extubation and 10 minutes after extubation, DBP (mmHg: 77.26 ± 4.85, 73.45 ± 4.37, 70.94 ± 4.45, 83.53 ± 6.19, 77.86 ± 5.33, 74.14 ± 5.20, 73.86 ± 5.73, 68.41 ± 5.16, 63.09 ± 5.24), SBP (mmHg: 129.17 ± 6.54, 121.25 ± 6.07, 116.24 ± 5.86, 137.48 ± 6.62, 129.53 ± 6.38, 123.07 ± 6.25, 125.65 ± 6.13, 117.48 ± 6.09, 108.17 ± 6.04), GLU level (mmol/L: 5.83 ± 0.36, 5.37 ± 0.29, 5.12 ± 0.26, 6.69 ± 0.34, 5.84 ± 0.30, 5.57 ± 0.27, 5.61 ± 0.32, 5.25 ± 0.31, 4.97 ± 0.28) of lidocaine group A and lidocaine group B were significantly lower than those of control group, the difference were statistically significant ( F=17.520, 25.755, 36.034, 41.028, 45.525, 74.330, 10.397, 49.756, 52.348, P < 0.05); among them, the DBP, SBP and GLU levels of lidocaine group A and lidocaine group B were lower than those of control group, and lidocaine group B was lower than lidocaine group A ( P < 0.05). The RS and VAS of lidocaine group A and lidocaine group B were significantly lower than those of control group, and Ramsay was higher than that of control group ( P < 0.05); and the RS and VAS of lidocaine group B were lower than those of lidocaine group A, the Ramsay was higher than that of lidocaine group A ( P < 0.05). The incidence of coughing, nausea and vomiting in lidocaine group A and lidocaine group B were lower than those in the control group ( P < 0.05); and there was no respiratory depression in the three groups. Conclusions:Thrity minutes after induction of anesthesia, continuous pumping of 2 mg/kg lidocaine can maintain blood pressure and GLU of patients undergoing general anesthesia for iodine-deficiency goiter, and effectively reduce restlessness, pain and adverse reactions during the recovery period. It is a satisfactory dose for thyroid surgery patients to wake up and comfortably.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880126

ABSTRACT

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) as an aggressive lymphoma, there has not a good molecular marker to assess the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of the disease. As compared with the traditional deteation method, it was found that the circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) can be used as a non-invasive specific biomarker which can dynamically provide the information about the lymphoma. ctDNA in DLBCL can be obtained by dideoxy chain termination method combined with PCR, so as to detect genetic markers, targeted sequences of gene which is related to lymphoma; the digital PCR (dPCR) for lymphoma somatic mutations and the detection of abnormal methylation; ctDNA is closely related to the diagncsis, therapeutic efficiency and prognosis of DLBCL, thus ctDNA can be used for the early detection, mid-term and prognostic monitoring in DLBCL, which makes ctDNA have a broad clinical applied prospect.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Circulating Tumor DNA , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of weight growth velocity in the early stage after birth on the neurodevelopment of preterm infants at the corrected age of 12 months.@*METHODS@#Related data were collected from the preterm infants who were discharged from the Department of Neonatology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, from July 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 and were followed up at the outpatient service of high-risk infants. According to the weight growth velocity from birth to the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks, the infants were divided into two groups: low velocity [< 10 g/(kg·d); @*RESULTS@#At the corrected age of 12 months, the low velocity group had a significantly lower score of fine motor (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The weight growth velocity from birth to the corrected age of 40 weeks affects the development of fine motor and language in preterm infants at the corrected age of 12 months; however it needs to be further verified by large-sample studies.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Patient Discharge
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 151-159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878244

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a large family of heterodimeric cell adhesion molecules composed of α and β subunits. Through interaction with their specific ligands, integrins mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Via outside-in signaling, integrins can recruit cytoplasmic proteins to their intracellular domains and then cluster into supramolecular structures and trigger downstream signaling. Integrin activation is associated with a global conformation rearrangement from bent to extended in ectodomains and the separation of α and β subunit cytoplasmic domains. During cell migration, integrins regulate the focal adhesion dynamics and transmit forces between the extracellular matrix and the cell cytoskeleton. In tumor microenvironment, integrins on multiple kinds of cells could be activated, which modulates cell migration into tumor and contributes to angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Here, we review the mechanism of integrin activation, dynamics of focal adhesions during cell migration and tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Focal Adhesions , Integrins , Signal Transduction
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effectiveness and safety of electrothermal acupuncture therapy for patients of moderate to severe cancer pain with @*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients of moderate to severe cancer pain with @*RESULTS@#The variation of NRS scores in the observation group were larger than the control group 3, 5 days into treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional western medication for analgesia, electrothermal acupuncture could relieve pain, reduce the dose of opioid painkillers and improve the quality of life in patients of moderate to severe cancer pain with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cancer Pain/therapy , Humans , Neoplasms/therapy , Oxycodone , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879667

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This study aimed at exploring the application of trauma time axis management in the treatment of severe trauma patients by using the Medicalsystem trauma system.@*METHODS@#We performed a retrospective cohort study involving patients with severe trauma. Patients who were admitted before the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system were divided into before system group; patients who were admitted after the application of the system were divided into after system group. Comparison was made between the two groups. For normally distributed data, means were reported along with standard deviation, and comparisons were made using the independent samples t test. Categorical data were compared using the Chi-square test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare nonparametric variables.@*RESULTS@#There were 528 patients admitted to the study during the study period. There was no significant statistical difference in the time from the start of trauma team to arrive at the resuscitation room between the two groups. The time from arrival at hospital to endotracheal intubation, to ventilator therapy, to blood transfusion, to completion of CT scan, to completion of closed thoracic drainage, to the start of operation, as well as the length of stay in resuscitation room and hospital were significantly lower after the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system. The mortality was decreased by 8.6% in the after system group compared with that in the before system group, but there was no statistical difference.@*CONCLUSION@#The Medicalsystem trauma system can optimize diagnosis and treatment process for trauma patients, and accordingly improve the treatment efficiency and shorten the treatment time. Therefore, the Medicalsystem trauma system deserves further popularization and promotion.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 470-475, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811646

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Fitting and forecasting the trend of COVID-19 epidemics.@*Methods@#Based on SEIR dynamic model, considering the COVID-19 transmission mechanism, infection spectrum and prevention and control procedures, we developed SEIR+ CAQ dynamic model to fit the frequencies of laboratory confirmed cases obtained from the government official websites. The data from January 20, 2020 to February 7, 2020 were used to fit the model, while the left data between February 8-12 were used to evaluate the quality of forecasting.@*Results@#According to the cumulative number of confirmed cases between January 29 to February 7, the fitting bias of SEIR+ CAQ model for overall China (except for cases of Hubei province), Hubei province (except for cases of Wuhan city) and Wuhan city was less than 5%. For the data of subsequent 5 days between February 8 to 12, which were not included in the model fitting, the prediction biases were less than 10%. Regardless of the cases diagnosed by clinical examines, the numbers of daily emerging cases of China (Hubei province not included), Hubei Province (Wuhan city not included) and Wuhan city reached the peak in the early February. Under the current strength of prevention and control, the total number of laboratory- confirmed cases in overall China will reach 80 417 till February 29, 2020, respectively.@*Conclusions@#The proposed SEIR+ CAQ dynamic model fits and forecasts the trend of novel coronavirus pneumonia well and provides evidence for decision making.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of C-reactive protein (CRP)-guided antibiotic treatment strategy for neonates with suspected early-onset sepsis (EOS).@*METHODS@#A total of 428 neonates, with a gestational age of >35 weeks, who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from February to July, 2019 and were suspected of EOS were enrolled as the observation group. The effect of antibiotic treatment was prospectively observed, and if clinical symptoms were improved and CRP was 35 weeks) who were admitted to this hospital from February to July, 2018 and were suspected of EOS were enrolled as the control group, and the use of antibiotics was analyzed retrospectively. The two groups were compared in terms of duration of antibiotic treatment, length of hospital stay, incidence rate of repeated infection and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly shorter duration of antibiotic treatment and length of hospital stay (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For neonates with a gestational age of >35 weeks and a suspected diagnosis of EOS, CRP-guided antibiotic treatment strategy can shorten duration of antibiotic treatment and length of hospital stay and does not increase the incidence rate of repeated infection. Therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , C-Reactive Protein , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Drug Therapy
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 74-85, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781605

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Conventional treatment has limited efficacy in relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphoma. Since chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) technology has shown high safety and results in high remission rates, we investigated its efficacy and safety in B-cell lymphoma treatment and analyzed potential affecting factors to provide evidence for therapeutic strategies and applications.@*METHODS@#We searched databases including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane up to July 2019. Meta-analysis 1 was conducted to study the efficacy of CAR-T cell for treating B-cell lymphoma, measuring the response rate and complete remission rate as outcomes. Sub-group analysis was performed for age, pathological type, target antigen, co-stimulatory molecule, and conditioning chemotherapy. Meta-analysis 2 was undertaken on the safety of the treatment with the incidence rate of toxicity (cytokine-releasing syndrome [CRS], neurotoxicity) as an outcome.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. It was found that CAR-T cells had good therapeutic effects in the following cases: B-cell lymphoma (patients ≥65 years old); diffuse large B-cell lymphoma pathological type; patients with treatment target antigen other than CD19; patients treated with co-stimulatory molecules other than CD28, including 4-1BB+CD28 or 4-1BB; and patients treated with cyclophosphamide/fludarabine pre-treatment protocol conditioning chemotherapy. Although the CRS and neurotoxicity incidences were high, most were reversible with minimal risk of death.@*CONCLUSION@#CAR-T cell treatment is safe for clinical application; however, toxicity effects should be monitored.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyzed the prognostic value of serum free light chain kappa/lambda ratio detection combined with immunofixation electrophoresis in multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#72 patients with MM treated in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected. Serum free light chain kappa/lambda ratio (sFLCR) and immune typing were detected respectively. The clinical characteristics and survival time were compared among patients. COX regression was used to analyze the factors influencing prognosis.@*RESULTS@#38 patients showed high sFLCR, and 34 showed low sFLCR. Compared with the low sFLCR group, the DS stage of patients in high sFLCR group elevated, the levels of β2-MG and Scrwere increased, and Hb decreased, all the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Among 72 patients, there were 40 cases of IgG type (55.56%), 27 cases of IgA type (37.50%) and 5 cases of IgM type (6.94%). Compared with IgG and IgA patients, the serum calcium and creatinine in IgM patients were increased significantly, while Hb decreased significantly (P<0.05). The median survival time was 19.2 months in 21 patients with IgG type and high sFLCR; 24.0 months in 19 patients with IgG type and low sFLCR; 15.0 months in 12 patients with IgA type and high sFLCR; 16.7 months in 15 patients with IgA type and low sFLCR; 6.0 months in 5 patients with IgM type and high sFLCR,respectively. DS stage, M protein typing and sFLCR correlated with prognosis of patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum free light chain kappa/lambda ratio combined with immunofixation electrophoresis is valuable for the prognostic evaluation of patients with multiple myeloma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781450

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the related factors influencing plasma transfusion efficacy so as to improve the plasma transfusion efficiency.@*METHODS@#According to the clinical symptoms and the laboratorial results, the patients were divided into transfusion efficient and inefficient groups. A total of13090.8 units of plasma were transfused to 4423 patients. The clinical symptoms and the hemorrhage related index per- and pro-transfusion, plasma components sorts, storage time, and the dose of plasma (kg/ml) transfusion were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The largest transfusion volume of plasma were in intensive care unit (ICU) accounted for 30.36%, the largest blood plasma per patient transfusion was in cardiac surgery (3.96 U). The analysis of transfusion efficiency showed that in terms of patient age, there were difference in transfusion efficiency among the patients with different ages (P<0.001). The effective transfusion rate in the group of age <18 was 53%, which was higher than that in group of age 18-60(41%) and group of age >60 (30%); in terms of sex, the effective transfusion rate in female group was higher than that in male group (42% vs 37%) (P<0.001); in terms of transfusion plasma volume/body weight, there were differences in transfusion efficiency (P>0.05). The multi-factor logistic regression analysis showed that there was no significant correlation among the plasma sorts, storage time of the plasma pre-transfusion and transfusion efficiency(P>0.05). The analysis of the non-hemolytic fever reaction caused by plasma transfusion revealed that there was no statistical difference between the plasma and the leukocyte-depleted plasma groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The plasma transfusion effectiveness relates with age and sex, but not relates with the transfusion plasma voume/body weight, plasma sorts, and the duration of storage.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872305

ABSTRACT

The authors introduced the practice of shared governance in ICU nursing management. According to the standard of magnetic hospital, a shared governance committee was established to guide and motivate the clinical front-line nurses in ICU to participate in nursing affairs management and decision-making. After three years of practice, ICU nursing management mode has achieved the goal of participating in shared governance, enhancing nurses′ perception of patient safety culture and improving the level of work engagement.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the roles of tacrolimus pretreatment on hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) and its possible mechanism in a rat autologous orthotopic liver transplantation (AOLT) model.Methods:For 24 specific pathogen free 8-10 week male Sprague Dawley rats (220-250g) were randomly and equally divided into three groups. The abdomen of sham-operated group was only opened and closed; the treatment with tacrolimus was administered via dorsal penile vein before the experiment in tacrolimus-pretreated group; the AOLT group and tacrolimus-pretreated group were set to construct the AOLT IRI rat models. The levels of ALT, AST, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) in serum were tested after the reperfusion. The change of liver structure was evaluated by H&E staining. The quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot assay were used to test the mRNA and protein level of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1).Results:The levels of serum ALT (1 332.0±52.8) U/L and AST (2 472.0±257.8) U/L in the AOLT group were higher than the levels in the sham-operated group (65.0±17.4)U/L, (222.3±45.2) U/L and tacrolimus-pretreated group (789.9±54.0) U/L, (533.4±31.6) U/L. The differences were significant ( P<0.05). And in the tacrolimus-pretreated group there were less lesions in the liver than in the AOLT group. The serum level of TNF-α and IL-1β of the AOLT group were increased than the sham-operated group and tacrolimus-pretreated group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). Compared with the AOLT group, the expressions of HIF-1α and HO-1 were increased significantly after the tacrolimus pretreatment ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Tacrolimus pretreatment could reduce rats hepatic cold IRI by inducing the expressions of HIF-1α and HO-1, and inhibiting the production of inflammatory cytokines.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 332-337, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of phase contrast MR angiography (PC MRA) in quantitative assessment for the hemodynamic features of functional posterior communicating artery (F-PCoA) in the patients with posterior circulation ischemia (PCI).Methods:Data of PC MRA in our Hospital from April 2015 to March 2017 were collected retrospectively. Twenty-six patients (PCI group) were diagnosed as PCI with F-PCoA, and other 25 patients were defined as non-PCI group including 10 patients with F-PCoA (non-PCI group 1) and 15 patients without F-PCoA (non-PCI group 2). The cross-sectional area, mean flux, mean velocity, minimum flux, maximum flux, minimum velocity, and maximum velocity were recorded, and the peak height of flux (maximum flux-minimum flux) and peak height of velocity (maximum velocity - minimum velocity) of basilar artery (BA) were calculated. The subtype, cross-sectional area, mean flux, mean velocity, blood flow direction, and absolute flux of F-PCoA in anterior-posterior direction(sum of both sides)were recorded and analyzed statistically.Results:The F-PCoA of 36 cases in PCI group and non-PCI group 1 were divided into three types: type A: the F-PCoA was consistent with anatomical posterior communicating artery (A-PCoA), accounting for 83.3%(30/36 cases); type B: the F-PCoA was not consistent with A-PCoA, accounting for 13.9%(5/36 cases);and type C: a mixed type with the F-PCoA was consistent with A-PCoA in only one side, accounting for 2.8%(1/36 cases). There were no significant differences in the composition of F-PCoA subtype (χ 2=0.609, P=0.737) and the absolute flux of F-PCoA in anterior-posterior direction( t=-0.576, P=0.568) between PCI group and non PCI group 1. It could be unidirectional or bidirectional blood flow forasingle F-PCoA during a cardiac cycle. The blood flow direction of bilateral F-PCoA was similar or not in one single case. The obviously main wave peak of the absolute flux curve of F-PCoA in anterior-posterior direction in PCI group were observed. There was a significant difference in the cross-sectional area of BA between non PCI group 1 and 2( t=-2.856, P=0.009), however no significant differences were found in the genders, mean flux, mean velocity, minimum flux, maximum flux, peak height of flux, minimum velocity, maximum velocity, and peak height of velocity of BA. Conclusions:PC MRA can be used to quantificationally assess the hemodynamic characteristics of F-PCoA such as flow direction, velocity and flux direction, absolute flux in anterior-posterior direction and morphological changes of F-PCoA, which may provide more information for the PCI diagnosis and treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 309-312, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866111

ABSTRACT

Selenium is an essential trace element in many living organisms. Selenium deficiency inhibits cell differentiation and cell cycle progression, induces apoptosis and increases the virulence of certain viruses. In addition, selenium deficiency is an important etiology of Keshan disease and a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Low selenium studies based on in vitro cell experiments are widely used. However, there is currently no clear and unified way to establish in vitro low-selenium conditions. In this paper, we have reviewed the progress on establishment of low-selenium conditions in vitro and its applications, so as to provide reference for subsequent study.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865200

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical value of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and resolvin D1 (RvD1) concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of neonatal purulent meningitis(NPM).Method From June 2016 to June 2017,neonates of suspected NPM admitted to the neonatology department of our hospital were studied prospectively.Their CSF was examined before the use of antibiotics.The patients were assigned into NPM group and non-NPM group.After 7 to 10 days of treatment,according to the clinical symptoms and the reexamination results of CSF,patients in the NPM group were further assigned into the improved group and the unimproved group.The levels of TNF-α and RvD1 in CSF were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method,and SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis.Result A total of 23 patients were included in the NPM group (18 in the improved group and 5 in the unimproved group) and 30 in the non-NPM group.The levels of TNF-α and RvD1 in the CSF of the NPM group were higher than the non-NPM group [TNF-α:(0.263 ±0.088) pg/ml vs.(0.087 ±0.001) pg/ml,RvD1:(2.017 ± 0.171) pg/ml vs.(0.563 ±0.048) pg/ml] (P <0.05).After 7 to 10 days of treatment,TNF-α and RvD1 decreased in the improved NPM group[TNF-α:0.083 (0.078,0.111) pg/ml vs.0.122 (0.098,0.214) pg/ml,RvD1:1.242 (0.740,2.098) pg/ml vs.1.791 (1.371,2.804) pg/ml] (P < 0.05),and increased in the unimproved NPM group [TNF-α:2.239 (1.309,2.806) pg/ml vs.0.102 (0.100,1.312) pg/ml,RvD1:2.614 (1.265,2.940) pg/ml vs.0.139 (0.103,0.276) pg/ml] (P < 0.05).The reexamination results of TNF-oα in the NPM group were lower than the examination results before the use of antibiotics of the non-NPM group,and RvD1 higher than the non-NPM group (P < 0.05).Conclusion TNF-α and RvD1 in CSF have clinical value for the early diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of NPM.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze levels of carnitine and acylcarnitine in peripheral blood from septic infants and to investigate their changes and clinical values in sepsis in infants.Methods:This retrospective research involved 46 septic infants and 55 infants with noninfectious diseases who were hospitalized in Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.The clinical data were collected, the levels of carnitine and acylcarnitine in peripheral blood measured by tandem mass spectrometry were compared between the two groups, and the correlations of acylcarnitine levels with CRP and PCT were analyzed respectively.The septic infants were divided into two groups according to whether there were complications or not.The levels of free carnitine and acylcarnitine were compared between the two groups.Results:The levels of C6DC, C14: 1, C14OH and C16OH in peripheral blood were significantly higher in septic infants than those with noninfectious diseases( Z=-2.52、-2.05、-2.68、-2.82, all P<0.05). There is no significant difference in free carnitine level between two groups.These four acylcarnitine levels were positively correlated with PCT( r=0.44、0.44、0.40、0.49, all P<0.01). In septic group, the percent of infants with abnormal levels of C16OH was significantly higher in infants with complications than those without complications( χ2=4.51, P<0.05). Conclusion:The peripheral blood levels of several acylcarnitine elevate in septic infants, and have positive correlations with the strength of infection.Meanwhile, there is a higher proportion of having abnormal level of long chain acylcarnitine among infants with complications than those without complications.These results suggest that lipid metabolism has changed in septic infants and detecting acylcarnitine levels can be helpful in assessing the severity of sepsis.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2919-2927, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Albuvirtide is a once-weekly injectable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 fusion inhibitor. We present interim data for a phase 3 trial assessing the safety and efficacy of albuvirtide plus lopinavir-ritonavir in HIV-1-infected adults already treated with antiretroviral drugs.@*METHODS@#We carried out a 48-week, randomized, controlled, open-label non-inferiority trial at 12 sites in China. Adults on the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended first-line treatment for >6 months with a plasma viral load >1000 copies/mL were enrolled and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive albuvirtide (once weekly) plus ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ABT group) or the WHO-recommended second-line treatment (NRTI group). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a plasma viral load below 50 copies/mL at 48 weeks. Non-inferiority was prespecified with a margin of 12%.@*RESULTS@#At the time of analysis, week 24 data were available for 83 and 92 patients, and week 48 data were available for 46 and 50 patients in the albuvirtide and NRTI groups, respectively. At 48 weeks, 80.4% of patients in the ABT group and 66.0% of those in the NRTI group had HIV-1 RNA levels below 50 copies/mL, meeting the criteria for non-inferiority. For the per-protocol population, the superiority of albuvirtide over NRTI was demonstrated. The frequency of grade 3 to 4 adverse events was similar in the two groups; the most common adverse events were diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infections, and grade 3 to 4 increases in triglyceride concentration. Renal function was significantly more impaired at 12 weeks in the patients of the NRTI group who received tenofovir disoproxil fumarate than in those of the ABT group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The TALENT study is the first phase 3 trial of an injectable long-acting HIV drug. This interim analysis indicates that once-weekly albuvirtide in combination with ritonavir-boosted lopinavir is well tolerated and non-inferior to the WHO-recommended second-line regimen in patients with first-line treatment failure.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02369965; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.Chinese Clinical Trial Registry No. ChiCTR-TRC-14004276; http://www.chictr.org.cn/enindex.aspx.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , China , Drug Therapy, Combination , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Maleimides , Peptides , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
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