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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0382, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407642

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: There is a correlation between competition performance with a concentration in competitive archery athletes. It is an essential theme in academia to improve the performance of archers, the belief that this goal can be achieved by increasing their concentration. Studies on concentration and relaxation in archery training have shown effective indicators to evaluate training intensity and athlete cognition, but there is still no scientific consensus. Objective: This study aims to analyze the impact of concentration on traditional archery and athlete performance during competition. Methods: Twenty traditional archers were selected as research volunteers. They underwent a battery of biometric tests, including an EEG system to perform group tests. A chi-square test was performed on concentration and relaxation data. The results were analyzed according to the influence of the above two factors on the athletes' performance. In parallel, this paper analyzed the relationship between the degree of relaxation and the archers' performance. Results: There was a positive correlation between concentration and performance. More focused athletes perform better. The data were statistically significant (P<0.05). There is a positive correlation between relaxation and performance. The data were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results of this article provide evidence that both concentration and relaxation can help improve archer performance. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Há uma correlação entre o desempenho na competição com a concentração nos atletas arqueiros competidores. É um tema essencial na academia para melhorar o desempenho dos arqueiros a crença de que esse objetivo pode ser alcançado aumentando a sua concentração. Estudos sobre a concentração e o relaxamento no treinamento de arco e flecha mostraram indicadores eficazes para avaliar a intensidade do treinamento e a cognição do atleta, porém ainda não há um consenso científico. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar o impacto da concentração sobre o esporte de arco e flecha tradicional e o desempenho do atleta durante a competição. Métodos: Foram selecionados 20 arqueiros tradicionais como voluntários de pesquisa. Estes foram submetidos a uma bateria de testes biométricos, incluindo um sistema EEG para realizar testes em grupo. Realizou-se um teste qui-quadrado sobre os dados de concentração e relaxamento. Os resultados foram analisados segundo a influência dos dois fatores acima no desempenho dos atletas. Paralelamente, este artigo analisou a relação entre o grau de relaxamento e o desempenho dos arqueiros. Resultados: Houve correlação positiva entre a concentração e o desempenho. Atletas mais focados realmente têm melhor desempenho. Os dados foram estatisticamente significativos (P<0,05). Há uma correlação positiva entre relaxamento e desempenho. Os dados foram estatisticamente significativos (P<0,05). Conclusão: Os resultados deste artigo evidenciam que tanto a concentração quanto o relaxamento podem ajudar a melhorar o desempenho dos arqueiros. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Existe una correlación entre el rendimiento en la competición y la concentración en los atletas de tiro con arco de competición. Es un tema esencial en la academia para mejorar el rendimiento de los arqueros la creencia de que este objetivo se puede lograr mediante el aumento de su concentración. Los estudios sobre la concentración y la relajación en el entrenamiento de tiro con arco han mostrado indicadores eficaces para evaluar la intensidad del entrenamiento y la cognición del deportista, pero aún no hay consenso científico. Objetivo: Este estudio pretende analizar el impacto de la concentración en el deporte del tiro con arco tradicional y el rendimiento del atleta durante la competición. Métodos: Se seleccionaron veinte arqueros tradicionales como voluntarios para la investigación. Estos fueron sometidos a una batería de pruebas biométricas, incluyendo un sistema de EEG para realizar pruebas de grupo. Se realizó una prueba de chi-cuadrado con los datos de concentración y relajación. Los resultados se analizaron en función de la influencia de los dos factores mencionados en el rendimiento de los atletas. Paralelamente, este artículo analizó la relación entre el grado de relajación y el rendimiento de los arqueros. Resultados: Hubo una correlación positiva entre la concentración y el rendimiento. Los atletas más concentrados rinden más. Los datos fueron estadísticamente significativos (P<0,05). Existe una correlación positiva entre la relajación y el rendimiento. Los datos fueron estadísticamente significativos (P<0,05). Conclusión: Los resultados de este artículo demuestran que tanto la concentración como la relajación pueden ayudar a mejorar el rendimiento de los arqueros. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2864-2875, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941509

ABSTRACT

WRKY, a class of conserved transcription factors in plants, plays important roles in plant growth, development and secondary metabolism. In the present study, 65 WRKY members were identified from de novo transcriptome sequencing data of three different tissues (root, stems and leaves) of Baphicacanthus cusia. BcWRKY proteins contained from 221 to 706 amino acids and the isoelectric point is from 4.68 to 9.68. Molecular weights range from 25 711.8 to 75 475 Da. The main secondary structures of BcWRKYs protein are random coil. A subcellular localization prediction indicated that the putative BcWRKY proteins were enriched in the nuclear region. Phylogenetic analysis showed that BcWRKYs could be categorized into three groups and five subgroups (Group IIa, Group IIb, Group IIc, Group IId and Group IIe) in Group II. Structural analysis found that all BcWRKY proteins contained a highly conserved motif WRKYGQK. Finally, the transcriptional profiles of ten BcWRKY genes highly expressed in root, stem and leaf tissues under abscisic acid (ABA), methyl jasmonate (MeJA), or salicylic acid (SA) treatment were systematically investigated using qRT-PCR analysis. Results showed that a total of ten BcWRKY genes were differentially expressed in response to ABA, MeJA, and SA treatment. This work would be provided a basis for further elucidating the molecular mechanism of WRKY transcription factors in the biosynthesis of indole alkaloids in B. cusia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940717

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a metabolic disease mainly characterized by hyperglycemia due to inadequate insulin secretion. And persistent hyperglycemia can cause chronic damage or dysfunction of eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels and nerves. Polysaccharides are high molecular carbohydrates polymerized by glycosidic bonds from more than 10 monosaccharide molecules of the same or different types. They have the advantages of wide sources, high safety and low toxic and so on. As one of the important effective components of traditional Chinese medicine, polysaccharides have biological activities such as immune regulation, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, lowering blood sugar and so on. The structure is directly related to biological activities, and the advanced structure of polysaccharides is based on the primary structure. Exploring the primary structure of polysaccharides is the key task of lowering blood sugar and improving diabetic complications. This paper summarizes the monosaccharide composition of the primary structure of Chinese medicine polysaccharides, and the mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides improving diabetes is emphasized by increasing the secretion and release of insulin, increasing the islet β cell number, upregulating insulin receptor level, improving glucose and lipid metabolism, inhibiting inflammatory response, improving oxidative stress and regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), mitogen activated protein kinase, cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP)/protein kinase A(PKA) and adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase(AMPK) signaling pathways. At the same time, we also summarized the prevention and treatment of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in diabetic nephropathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetic ophthalmopathy and diabetic peripheral neuropathy, in order to provide a theoretical basis for new drug development and clinical application of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the intervention of diabetes and its complications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940692

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the pathological changes of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) induced by different doses of monocrotaline (MCT) in rats, investigate the dose and duration of modeling, and elucidate the mechanism. MethodA total of 72 male SD rats were randomized into normal group (n=12), and low-, medium-, and high-dose MCT groups (n=20 per group, 80,120,160 mg·kg-1, respecctively). In the model groups, different doses of MCT were intragastrically administered to induce the HSOS in rats. After 48 h and 120 h separately, rats in each group were sacrificed and sampling was performed. The survival rate of rats in each group was calculated, and the body weight, liver weight, and and serum liver function indexes of the rats were examined. The histopathological changes of the liver were observed based on scanning electron microscopy, hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and Sirius red (SR) staining. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content of liver tissue homogenate were measured with microplate method. The expression of liver tissue-related indexes was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. ResultThe activity of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in MCT groups rose with the increase in MCT dose (P<0.05, P<0.01) compared with that in the normal group. With the extension of modeling time, the activity of serum ALT and AST in the low-dose group decreased (P<0.01), while the activity of them in the medium-dose and high-dose groups increased (P<0.01). HE staining showed that hepatocyte necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, and erythrocyte accumulation in MCT groups. Electron microscopy demonstrated that fenestrae of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells widened and the sieve plates disappeared. Morever, the injury was worsened with the increase in MCT dose. In addition, the expression of CD44 in MCT groups was significantly reduced compared with that in the normal group (P<0.05, P<0.01). SR staining showed that no positive staining was found in model groups after 48 h, while collagen deposition in portal areas and liver sinusoids could be seen in model groups after 120 h. MCT groups showed increase in MDA content and GST activity and decrease in T-SOD activity compared with the normal group, particularly the medium-dose and high-dose groups (P<0.01), and the changes were dose-dependent after 120 h (P<0.01). The protein expression of CD68 (pro-inflammatory macrophage marker) was raised with the increase in dosage, which was consistent with the results of immunohistochemistry (P<0.01), while CD163 (anti-inflammatory macrophage marker) protein and mRNA expression was significantly decreased with the increase in dosage (P<0.01). Western blot results showed that the expression of phosphorylated nuclear factor-κB/nuclear factor-κB (p-NF-κB/NF-κB) and phosphorylated protein kinase B/protein kinase B (p-Akt/t-Akt) was significantly increased in medium-dose and high-dose MCT groups (P<0.05,P<0.01). The protein expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in liver tissues in MCT groups was significantly increased over time and with the increase in dose, and the mRNA expression of α-SMA, collagen type I α1 (Col1a1), and collagen type Ⅳ α1 (Col4a1) showed the same trend (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of TUNEL staining showed that apoptotic cells were increased with the rise of MCT dose, while B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) /Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) was remarkably decreased (P<0.01). ConclusionHSOS in rats induced by intragastric administration of different doses of MCT was aggravated with the increase of dosage. In the low-dose (80 mg·kg-1) MCT group, the liver healed spontaneously over time. However, liver damage caused by MCT of 120 mg·kg-1 and 160 mg·kg-1 aggravated over time, and even fibrosis and death occurred. The pathological mechanism of MCT-induced HSOS in rats may be that MCT triggered intense oxidative stress in liver tissue, thus activated pro-inflammatory macrophages to secrete large amounts of inflammatory factors, and further activated the NF-κB/Akt signalling pathway, leading to severe cell damage and death.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940643

ABSTRACT

Gouty arthritis (GA) is the metabolic rheumatism caused by purine metabolism disorder, which can be acute or chronic. The main manifestations of GA include recurrent redness, swelling, heat pain, and dysfunction of the affected joints. According to the theory of modern medicine, GA is closely associated with the increase in uric acid, the participation of inflammatory cytokines, the weakening of antioxidant response, apoptosis, and the imbalance of intestinal flora and bone metabolism, whereas the specific pathogenesis remains unclear. GA is characterized by easy diagnosis, difficult treatment, and high recurrence rate, which seriously affects the life quality of patients. Colchicine, corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors are the commonly used western medicines for this disease, which demonstrate remarkable short-term therapeutic effect. However, long-term use of these medicines will bring serious adverse reactions. Chinese medicines, with high safety and causing few adverse reactions, have a variety of active components which can act on multiple pathways and targets to exert synergistic effects, thus attracting wide attention. This paper systematically reviews the literature reporting the Chinese medicines in improving antioxidant response, reducing chondrocyte apoptosis, and regulating intestinal flora and bone metabolism, aiming to further clarify the pathogenesis of GA and provide a scientific basis for the clinical application of Chinese medicines in the prevention and treatment of GA.

6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 513-531, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939859

ABSTRACT

The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda, is a destructive pest native to America and has recently become an invasive insect pest in China. Because of its rapid spread and great risks in China, understanding of FAW genetic background and pesticide resistance is urgent and essential to develop effective management strategies. Here, we assembled a chromosome-level genome of a male FAW (SFynMstLFR) and compared re-sequencing results of the populations from America, Africa, and China. Strain identification of 163 individuals collected from America, Africa and China showed that both C and R strains were found in the American populations, while only C strain was found in the Chinese and African populations. Moreover, population genomics analysis showed that populations from Africa and China have close relationship with significantly genetic differentiation from American populations. Taken together, FAWs invaded into China were most likely originated from Africa. Comparative genomics analysis displayed that the cytochrome p450 gene family is extremely expanded to 425 members in FAW, of which 283 genes are specific to FAW. Treatments of Chinese populations with twenty-three pesticides showed the variant patterns of transcriptome profiles, and several detoxification genes such as AOX, UGT and GST specially responded to the pesticides. These findings will be useful in developing effective strategies for management of FAW in China and other invaded areas.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Genomics , Humans , Male , Pesticides , Spodoptera/genetics , Transcriptome
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 396-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939723

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with pulmonary nodules are treated by minimally invasive surgery, and postoperative symptoms have become the main factors affecting patients' emotion and quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the changes of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of eighty-eight lung cancer patients admitted to the same medical group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from June 2021 to September 2021 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The types and severity of clinical symptoms before operation, on discharge day, 30-day and 90-day after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients was 79.5%, and most patients suffered from mild (54.3%) and moderate (32.9%) symptoms. The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients were pain (55.7%) and cough (37.2%). The incidence of pain at discharge (55.7%) was significantly higher than that at 30-day (23.7%, P=0.01) and 90-day (12.0%, P=0.01) after discharge. The incidence of cough was significantly higher at 30-day (66.1%) and 90-day (66.0%) than that at discharge (37.2%) (P=0.01, P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules are pain and cough. The incidence and severity of pain decreases with time, and the incidence of cough increases but the severity decreased gradually.


Subject(s)
Cough/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pain/etiology , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/adverse effects
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 353-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939570

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the distribution of Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor A (MrgA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting nucleus of normal rats and its expression in neuropathic pain, and to provide morphological evidence for CSF-contacting nucleus to participate in neuropathic pain. The model of neuropathic pain with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve was made in Sprague-Dawley rats. The thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were measured. The expressions of MrgA in the CSF-contacting nucleus were examined by double labeling with immunofluorescent staining. The results showed that on the 5th, 7th, 10th and 14th days, the values of MWT and TWL in CCI group were all lower than those in sham group (P < 0.05). MrgA was found to be distributed in CSF-contacting nucleus of normal rats; and the expression was markedly up-regulated in rats at the peak of neuropathic pain. Our data suggest that CSF-contacting nucleus may participate in neuropathic pain through the MrgA-mediated signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Neuralgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Staphylococcal Protein A/metabolism , Up-Regulation
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 46-50, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with isolated cerebellar ataxia in children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical features, laboratory tests, neuroelectrophysiological examination, imaging, treatment and outcomes of 13 patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with isolated cerebellar ataxia, who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January 2016 to May 2021. Results: Among the 13 cases, 6 were males and 7 were females. The onset age was 2.6 (2.0,3.3) years, 9 children had precursor infection or vaccination before the first course of disease. All the 13 children had gait abnormalities or unsteady sitting, 10 had intentional tremor, 6 had dysarthria, 3 had body tremor, 2 had nystagmus, 3 had fatigue, 3 had hypotonia, 2 had vomiting and 1 had irritability. Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) was 500.0 (298.9,587.2) kU/L and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) was 621.9 (449.6,869.4) kU/L in 13 cases. Autoantibodies were positive in 9 cases, and cerebrospinal fluid leukocytosis was seen in 4 cases. Regarding electroencephalography result, 4 cases had background slowing and 1 case had occasional sharp waves. Among the 3 patients who had relapses, 1 had cerebellar atrophy shown on cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during the recurrence. All the patients received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and intensive methylprednisolone therapy during the first onset, followed by the disappearance of the symptoms, 1 patient had repeated episodes which was decreased after immunosuppressive treatment with Rituximab.Followed up for 25.0 (22.5,33.3) months after the last episode, 12 achieved complete remission and 1 had a wide base gait. Conclusions: Trunk ataxia is the common symptom of Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with isolated cerebellar ataxia in children.Children with cerebellar ataxia should be tested for TgAb and TPOAb to detect Hashimoto's encephalopathy, avoiding missed diagnosis and treatment delays; IVIG and intensive steroid therapy is effective, and immunosuppressive therapy for patients with multiple relapses could reduce the recurrence.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Cerebellar Ataxia , Child , Encephalitis , Female , Hashimoto Disease , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 234-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935376

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) trajectories and new-onset metabolic fatty liver disease (MAFLD) to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of MAFLD. Methods: The study cohort was composed of 3 553 subjects who met the inclusion criteria in the cohort study of the Henan physical examination population. According to the ALT levels of the subjects' physical examination from 2017-2019, three different ALT trajectory groups were determined by R LCTMtools, namely low-stable group, medium-stable group, and high-stable group. The incidence of MAFLD during physical examination in 2020 was followed up, the cumulative incidence rate in each group was calculated by product-limit method, and Cox proportional hazards regression model analyzed the correlation between different ALT trajectories and new-onset MAFLD. Results: The incidence rate of MAFLD parallelly increased with the increase of ALT locus, which was 6.93%, 15.42%, and 19.05%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). After adjusting for multiple confounding factors, such as gender, waist circumference, blood pressure, BMI, fasting blood sugar, and blood lipid by Cox proportional hazards regression model, the risks of MAFLD in ALT medium-stable and the high-stable group were still 1.422 times (95%CI:1.115-1.813) and 1.483 times (95%CI:1.040-2.114) of low-stable ALT group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The risk of MAFLD parallelly increases with the increase of ALT level in the normal long-term range. it is necessary to carry out the intervention for MAFLD with long-term average high value to avoid the progress of MAFLD disease to achieve the early prevention on MAFLD.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Waist Circumference
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the survival, complications and prognostic factors in patients with stageⅠb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated by primarily radical surgery with or without postoperative adjuvant therapy.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of patients with stageⅠb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated in the Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences from January 2015 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent Querleu-Morrow classification (Q-M classification) C2 radical surgery, including extensive hysterectomy+pelvic lymphadenectomy with or without adjuvant therapy based on postoperative risk factors. Survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and survival curve was drawn. Univariate analysis was performed by using the log-rank test to analyze the clinicopathological factors related to the prognosis of patients. Multivariate analysis was performed by using Cox regression method to analyze independent risk factors affecting survival prognosis.Results:(1) The median age of 643 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma was 50 years old (45-58 years old). Clinical stage: 260 cases (40.4%, 260/643) of stage Ⅰb2, 383 cases (59.6%, 383/643) of stage Ⅱa2. (2) Among 643 cases underwent Q-M classification C2 surgery, 574 cases (89.3%, 574/643) of them received adjuvant therapy and 184 cases (28.6%, 184/643) of them had grade 3-4 complications after treatment, including 134 cases (20.8%, 134/643) early complications and 66 cases (10.3%, 66/643) late complications. The incidence of grade 3-4 complications in 574 patients received postoperative adjuvant therapy was 30.1% (173/574), which was significantly different from that in 69 patients who received surgery alone (15.9%, 11/69; χ2=6.08, P=0.014). (3) All 643 cases were followed up, and the median follow-up time was 40 months (3-76 months). During the follow-up period, 117 cases (18.2%, 117/643) recurred, including 45 cases (7.0%, 45/643) of local recurrence, 54 cases (8.4%, 54/643) of distant metastasis, and 18 cases (2.8%, 18/643) of local recurrence and distant metastasis. The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients with stage Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma were 79.9% and 85.5%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that pelvic lymph node metastasis, para-aortic lymph node metastasis, deep stromal infiltration, and lymph-vascular space invasion were significantly associated with 5-year PFS in patients with stage Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (all P<0.05). The maximum diameter of tumor, pelvic lymph node metastasis and para-aortic lymph node metastasis were significantly associated with the 5-year OS of cervical squamous cell carcinoma in stages Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that pelvic lymph node metastasis and para-aortic lymph node metastasis were independent factors affecting 5-year PFS and 5-year OS in patients with stage Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (all P<0.01). Conclusion:Radical surgery is a feasible and effective primary treatment for stagesⅠb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma, with a high 5-year survival rate and an acceptable complication rate.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the feasibility of developing clinical pediatrics curriculum for pediatric students at the pre-clinical stage, and to provide a basis for the subsequent curriculum construction.Methods:A total of 90 pediatric medical students were enrolled, including pre-clinical group (G1, third semester of the second year, n=47) and the clinical clerkship group (G2, seventh semester of the fourth year, n=43). A questionnaire survey was conducted to compare the two groups from three aspects: clinical interest, learning methods and learning ability. And 24 and 20 students were randomly selected from the two groups to participate a clinical course respectively. Both of the formative evaluation and in-class test were carried out to compare the learning performance and learning effect between G1 and G2. SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. The counting data were described by case number and rate, and the frequency between groups was compared by chi-square test. When the chi-square test condition is not met, Fisher's exact test was performed. Normal distribution test was carried out for measurement data. Two independent sample t test was conducted for the comparison between groups of normal distribution data and Mann-Whitney U test for the comparison between groups of skewed distribution respectively. Results:There was no significant difference in clinical interest and pre-clinical interest between the two groups (Fisher's exact probability method, P=0.252, 1.000). There were partial differences in learning methods: G1 spent more time learning after class ( Z=-2.36, P=0.018), learned more in spare time ( Z=2.53, P=0.011), learned more on the homework ( P=0.020), and had a higher preview rate ( Z=-5.07, P < 0.001). There were also partial differences in learning ability: G2 had better literature retrieval ability ( χ2=10.57, P=0.001); G2 had higher scores on class and extended class performance ( t=-3.18, P=0.004; t=-10.14, P<0.001). In terms of learning effect, G2 scored higher scores on only one multiple choice question ( t=-2.46, P=0.022). Conclusion:The pediatrics students at the pre-clinical stage have certain interest and ability to receive clinical pediatrics courses. Sufficient pre-class preparation and appropriate curriculum design are helpful to the early cultivation of student's clinical thinking.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1390-1405, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929372

ABSTRACT

Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) activity is correlated with worse outcomes of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. The heterodimer between CDK9 with cyclin T1 is essential for maintaining the active state of the kinase and targeting this protein-protein interaction (PPI) may offer promising avenues for selective CDK9 inhibition. Herein, we designed and generated a library of metal complexes bearing the 7-chloro-2-phenylquinoline CˆN ligand and tested their activity against the CDK9-cyclin T1 PPI. Complex 1 bound to CDK9 via an enthalpically-driven binding mode, leading to disruption of the CDK9-cyclin T1 interaction in vitro and in cellulo. Importantly, complex 1 showed promising anti-metastatic activity against TNBC allografts in mice and was comparably active compared to cisplatin. To our knowledge, 1 is the first CDK9-cyclin T1 PPI inhibitor with anti-metastatic activity against TNBC. Complex 1 could serve as a new platform for the future design of more efficacious kinase inhibitors against cancer, including TNBC.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 299-304, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928537

ABSTRACT

The extent of spermatogenic impairment on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes and the risk of major birth defects have been little assessed. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between various spermatogenic conditions, sperm origin on ICSI outcomes, and major birth defects. A total of 934 infertile men attending the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Ren Ji Hospital (Shanghai, China) were classified into six groups: nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA; n = 84), extremely severe oligozoospermia (esOZ; n = 163), severe oligozoospermia (sOZ, n = 174), mild oligozoospermia (mOZ; n = 148), obstructive azoospermia (OAZ; n = 155), and normozoospermia (NZ; n = 210). Rates of fertilization, embryo cleavage, high-quality embryos, implantation, biochemical and clinical pregnancies, abortion, delivery, newborns, as well as major birth malformations, and other newborn outcomes were analyzed and compared among groups. The NOA group showed a statistically lower fertilization rate (68.2% vs esOZ 77.3%, sOZ 78.0%, mOZ 73.8%, OAZ 76.6%, and NZ 79.3%, all P < 0.05), but a significantly higher implantation rate (37.8%) than the groups esOZ (30.1%), sOZ (30.4%), mOZ (32.6%), and OAZ (31.0%) (all P < 0.05), which was similar to that of Group NZ (38.4%). However, there were no statistically significant differences in rates of embryo cleavage, high-quality embryos, biochemical and clinical pregnancies, abortions, deliveries, major birth malformations, and other newborn outcomes in the six groups. The results showed that NOA only negatively affects some embryological outcomes such as fertilization rate. There was no evidence of differences in other embryological and clinical outcomes with respect to sperm source or spermatogenic status. Spermatogenic failure and sperm origins do not impinge on the clinical outcomes in ICSI treatment.


Subject(s)
Azoospermia/therapy , China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Oligospermia/therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928171

ABSTRACT

Curcuma kwangsiensis root tuber is a widely used genuine medicinal material in Guangxi, with the main active components of terpenoids and curcumins. It has the effects of promoting blood circulation to relieve pain, moving Qi to relieve depression, clearing heart and cooling blood, promoting gallbladder function and anti-icterus. Modern research has proved its functions in liver protection, anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, blood lipid reduction and immunosuppression. Considering the research progress of C. kwangsiensis root tubers and the core concept of quality marker(Q-marker), we predicted the Q-markers of C. kwangsiensis root tubers from plant phylogeny, chemical component specificity, traditional pharmacodynamic properties, new pharmacodynamic uses, chemical component measurability, processing methods, compatibility, and components migrating to blood. Curcumin, curcumol, curcumadiol, curcumenol, curdione, germacrone, and β-elemene may be the possible Q-markers. Based on the predicted Q-markers, the mechanisms of the liver-protecting and anti-tumor activities of C. kwangsiensis root tubers were analyzed. AKT1, IL6, EGFR, and STAT3 were identified as the key targets, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction signaling pathway, nitrogen metabolism pathway, cancer pathway, and hepatitis B pathway were the major involved pathways. This review provides a basis for the quality evaluation and product development of C. kwangsiensis root tubers and gives insights into the research on Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
China , Curcuma/chemistry , Humans , Liver , Neoplasms , Terpenes/pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927918

ABSTRACT

Four cyclic peptides were isolated from the 75% ethanol extract of the fibrous roots of Pseudostellaria heterophylla by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. Through mass spectrometry, NMR and other methods, they were identified as pseudostellarin L(1), heterophyllin B(2), pseudostellarin B(3), and pseudostellarin C(4). Among them, compound 1 was a new cyclic peptide, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from the fibrous roots of P. heterophylla for the first time. None of these compounds displayed cytotoxic activities against MCF-7, A549, HCT-116, and SGC-7901 cells.


Subject(s)
Caryophyllaceae/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Peptides, Cyclic/pharmacology , Plant Roots/chemistry
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1183-1196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927773

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have broad application potentials in regenerative medicine and translational medicine. Obtaining large quantities of primary-cultured MSCs and select the most suitable cell origin for targeted diseases are critical to research. To select the most suitable seed cells of MSCs from different origins for clinical treatment and research, biological characteristics of MSCs from human umbilical cord and placenta were compared. These include cell morphology, surface marker expression, differentiation and karyotype. Transcriptome sequencing of four MSCs from fetus were performed and the results were analyzed from the perspective of proliferation and cytokine secretion. The results revealed that MSCs from umbilical cord (UC), amniotic membrane (AM), chorionic membrane (CM), chorionic villi (CV) and deciduae (DC) met the minimum standards of the International Society of Cell Therapy (ISCT) in 2006 and had the general characteristics of stem cells. Karyotype analysis showed that MSCs derived from UC, AM, CM and CV were all from fetus except that the DC-MSCs were from mother. Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that hMSCs from umbilical cord and placenta had similar gene expression patterns, while different expression patterns were observed in specific genes involved in cell cycle, cell division, cell death, cell growth and development. These genes play important roles in transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosome stability, which were momentous components of cellular or subcellular fraction movement, cell communication, cell tissue protrusions, cytokine secretion and hormone metabolism. Transcriptome sequencing analysis explained the differences in biological characteristics among MSCs from different sources, while verification experiments based on the transcriptome sequencing results showed that the proliferation and cytokine secretion capabilities of MSCs from different sources were significantly different. In all, UC-MSCs and CV-MSCs with stronger proliferation and higher levels of paracrine factors secretion may show their respective advantages in treating diseases.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Female , Fetus , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Placenta , Pregnancy , Umbilical Cord
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 73-79, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927583

ABSTRACT

Histone acetylation is one of the epigenetic modifications. Histone acetylation, which is catalyzed by histone acetyltransferases and negatively regulated by histone deacetylases, plays an important role in a variety of cellular physiological and pathophysiological processes. Recent studies have shown that histone deacetylases are involved in a variety of pathophysiological responses to acute kidney injury, such as apoptosis, dedifferentiation, proliferation and regeneration. This article reviews the role and underlying mechanism of histone deacetylases in acute kidney injury induced by ischemia reperfusion, nephrotoxicants, sepsis and rhabdomyolysis.


Subject(s)
Acetylation , Acute Kidney Injury , Histone Acetyltransferases/metabolism , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Humans , Protein Processing, Post-Translational
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923958

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of nosocomial infection among inpatients in a tertiary hospital, and provide scientific evidence for hospital infection control and targeted surveillance. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate a total of 543 hospitalized patients using the hospital information system. Results The prevalence of hospital-acquired infection (HAI) was 4.24%, and that of community-acquired infection (CAI) was 23.39%. HAI prevalence differed significantly among the departments ( χ 2=148.870, P <0.05), and was highest in the department of intensive care medicine (72.73%). Sites of infection were significantly different between HAI and CAI ( χ 2=22.942, P =0.011); however, the most frequent site of infection was lower respiratory tract in both HAI and CAI. Major pathogens for nosocomial infection were Gram-negative bacteria (56.92%), mainly Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae . Antimicrobial usage was observed in 31.68% of the patients, principally for therapeutic use of antibacterial drugs (80.23%) and a combination of drugs (88.95%). Examination rate of pathogens following the antimicrobial usage was 72.08%. Conclusion The investigation on the prevalence of nosocomial infection may facilitate fully understanding the nosocomial infection. It warrants strengthening the monitoring in the departments of intensive care medicine and on multi-resistant bacteria, and achieving antimicrobial stewardship, so as to improve the awareness of hospital infection control in medical staff' and effectively reduce the occurrence of nosocomial infection.

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