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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Weikang Capsule (, WKC) on aspirin-related gastric and small intestinal mucosal injury by magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCCE).@*METHODS@#Patients taking enteric-coated aspirin aged 40-75 years were enrolled in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2019 to December 2019. The patients continued taking aspirin Tablet (100 mg per day) and underwent MCCE before and after 1-month combined treatment with WKC (0.9 g per time orally, 3 times per day). The gastrointestinal symptom score, gastric Lanza score, the duodenal, jejunal and ileal mucosal injury scores were used to evaluate the gastrointestinal injury before and after treatment. Adverse events including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal distension, abdominal discomfort, dizziness, or headache during MCCE and combined treatment were observed and recorded.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients (male/female, 13/9) taking enteric-coated aspirin aged 59.5 ± 11.3 years with a duration of aspirin use of 28.0 (1.0, 48.0) months were recruited. Compared with pre-treatment, the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale scores, gastric Lanza scores, and duodenal mucosal injury scores were significantly reduced after 1-month WKC treatment (P<0.05), and jejunal and ileal mucosal injury scores showed no obvious change. No adverse events occurred during the trial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#WKC can alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms, as well as gastric and duodenal mucosal injuries, in patients taking enteric-coated aspirin; it does not aggravate jejunal or ileal mucosal injury, which may be an effective alternative for these patients (Clinical trial registry No. ChiCTR1900025451).

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907825

ABSTRACT

Ectopic thyroid gland refers to the presence of thyroid tissue outside the normal position of the neck, which is relatively rare in clinical practice, and ectopic and cancer change is rare. This article focuses on a patient with "supraclavicular mass" as the first symptom admitted to the Thyroid Surgery Department of Binzhou People’s Hospital, After the operation, the pathology confirmed ectopic thyroid cancer with lymph node metastasis, and the imaging showed lung metastasis. This article summarizes the case data.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907652

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnosis and treatments for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the theories of different experts in TCM. The pathogenesis of COVID-19 involves dampness, toxin, heat, cold, blood stasis and deficiency. Dampness and poison were the core pathological factors. The treatment is based on the situation of patients in different regions and different stages of the disease, and focuses on dampness and toxin, with the purpose of eliminating evil and consolidating the foundation. Oral TCM prescriptions such as Qingfei-Paidu Decoction, Qingfei-Touxie-Fuzheng Decoction, Lianhua-Qingwen capsule (granule) show good curative effect. TCM non drug therapies, such as acupuncture, moxibustion, acupoint application, ear acupuncture, traditional exercises, etc., are mostly aimed at light, ordinary and convalescent patients, which can improve symptoms. However, high-quality TCM research is still needed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical safety and efficacy of tirofiban in the treatment of hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome.Methods:Patients with hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome admitted to Jining First People's Hospital without receiving intravenous thrombolysis from January 2018 to May 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. Some patients were given tirofiban intravenous infusion for at least 24 h in acute phase, then received oral antiplatelet therapy (tirofiban group); some only received aspirin+ clopidogrel dual antiplatelet therapy (control group). The primary endpoint was muscle strength at the paralytic side and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at day 7 after onset. The secondary endpoint was the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 3 months after onset, and ≤2 was defined as good clinical outcome. The safety endpoint was the bleeding events during treatment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of clinical outcome. Results:A total of 30 patients with hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome were enrolled, including 19 (63.3%) in the tirofiban group and 11 (36.7%) in the control group. There was no significant difference in baseline clinical data between the two groups, and no drug-related bleeding complications occurred during treatment. The muscle strength at paralytic side and NIHSS score at day 7 after onset, NIHSS score at discharge and good clinical outcome rate at 3 months in the tirofiban group were significantly better than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that tirofiban was an independent protective factor for good outcome after adjusting the NIHSS score at the beginning of treatment (odds ratio 0.040, 95% confidence interval 0.040-0.449; P=0.009). Conclusions:Tirofiban is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome in acute phase. It can effectively block the progress of the disease, improve the outcome of patients, and will not increase the risk of bleeding.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) vascular hyperintensities (FVHs) in patients with chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion.Methods:From July 2016 to November 2020, patients admitted to the Department of Neurology, Jiangdu People's Hospital of Yangzhou and first found chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion were enrolled. The demographic, clinical and MRI imaging data were collected. According to the presence or absence of acute cerebral infarction, they were divided into the non-acute cerebral infarction group and the acute cerebral infarction group. According to the modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months after the onset, patients with acute cerebral infarction were further divided into the good outcome group (≤2) and the poor outcome group (>2). A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the independent correlation between FVHs and the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion and the outcome in patients with cerebral infarction. Results:A total of 94 patients with chronic atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery occlusion were enrolled, including 38 with non-acute cerebral infarction (40.4%) and 56 with acute cerebral infarction (59.6%). In patients with acute cerebral infarction, 13 (23.2%) had a poor outcome, and 43 (76.8%) had a good outcome. The fibrinogen level, the proportion of patients with FVHs and the FVHs score in the cerebral infarction group were significantly higher than those in the non-cerebral infarction group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the FVHs score was significantly, independently, and positively correlated with the risk of acute cerebral infarction (odds ratio 2.524, 95% confidence interval 1.400-4.552; P=0.002). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at admission, the modified Rankin Scale score at admission, and FVHs score in the poor outcome group were significantly higher than those in the good outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a significant independent negative correlation between the FVHs score and the outcome of patients with cerebral infarction (odds ratio 0.144, 95% confidence interval 0.045-0.459; P=0.001). Conclusions:FVHs suggest that the blood supply is in a state of decompensation. When FVHs are present, the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with chronic middle cerebral artery occlusion is significantly increased; the wider the range of FVHs, the higher the risk of poor outcome after cerebral infarction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906445

ABSTRACT

Psoraleae Fructus is the dried and mature fruit of the legume Psoralea corylifolia. It is warm in nature, pungent and bitter in flavor, and attributive to the kidney and spleen meridians. Its main effect include warming the kidney and assisting Yang, absorbing Qi and relieving asthma, warming the spleen and relieving diarrhea, etc., and it also can for external use of eliminating wind and freckle. Clinically, Psoraleae Fructus is mainly used for the treatment of impotence due to kidney deficiency, soreness of waist and knees, vitiligo, etc. The existing studies have shown that Psoraleae Fructus has a variety of pharmacological effect, such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, promoting bone growth and protecting cardiovascular. But at the same time, many studies at home and abroad have found that taking Psoraleae Fructus and its compounds for a long time or in large doses can cause liver toxicity, phototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, etc. The most common is liver toxicity, most of the clinical reports on the toxicity of psoralen are caused by drug-induced liver injury events, which limits the clinical use of Psoraleae Fructus and can't exert its proper therapeutic effect. Therefore, it is particularly important to fully understand the toxicological mechanism of liver injury caused by Psoraleae Fructus and its attenuation methods. In this paper, by consulting the domestic and foreign related literatures in recent years that reported the hepatotoxicity of Psoraleae Fructus, the four aspects of clinical report on liver injury, hepatotoxic components, toxicological mechanisms and attenuation methods of Psoraleae Fructus were reviewed, including bile acid stasis and oxidative stress. The hepatotoxicity of Psoraleae Fructus was discussed in terms of reaction, mitochondrial damage, liver fat deformation, etc., and the attenuation methods of Psoraleae Fructus were summarized from the aspects of compatibility attenuation and processing attenuation, aiming to comprehensively and objectively clarify Psoraleae Fructus. The potential toxicological mechanism of lipid-induced hepatotoxicity and research progress in attenuation were expected to provide a theoretical basis for further study of Psoraleae Fructus hepatotoxicity and clinical rational use of drugs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906129

ABSTRACT

Sanrentang, originally contained in the Regulations on Febrile Diseases written by WU Ju-tong in the Qing dynasty, was composed of eight traditional Chinese herbs to treat damp-warm diseases. It is a treatment method of gradually clearing away damp heat of tri-jiao, with characteristics of separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge. "Separating dispersion" means dispersion in separated ways, with different ways to eliminate dampness to export the dampness, heat, evil and turbid out of the body. "Mobilizing discharge" means discharge to stretch and unblock the Qi, to get rid of dampness and evil. It can be seen, Sanrentang, as a desiccating formula, taking "separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge" as the cubic basis, has a significant effect on both internal and external dampness associated with pathogenic heat syndrome, and its clinical application is quite extensive. After consulting the data of the past 10 years, the authors gave a brief overview on the syndrome theory, clinical application and pharmacological effects of Sanrentang, and elaborated the therapeutic effect and pharmacological effect of Sanrentang in the clinical application of upper, middle and lower Tri-jiao respectively, providing theoretical reference for effective development and utilization of Sanrentang. Coronavirus disease-2019(COVID-19) swept the world in early 2020 and it is a great challenge for the medical community to seek for effective prevention and treatment methods. For COVID-19, although the cause of the disease belongs to the Qi of "pestilence", many doctors have different opinions on the pathogenic characteristics. However, they all agree with the clinical characteristics of "dampness". COVID-19, which has the attribute of "dampness evil", is so sticky that it can't be cured at once. In addition to the main symptoms such as fever and cough, it is also characterized by the middle-jiao dampness symptoms such as poor appetite, fullness of abdomen, loose stool and diarrhea. It is worthy to further explore the application prospect of Sanrentang in COVID-19 prevention and treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905295

ABSTRACT

Home-based rehabilitation can effectively reduce the clinical complications of patients with spinal cord injury and accelerate the recovery of neurological function, as well as reduce the heavy economic burden on healthcare system. Home-based rehabilitation has shown effectiveness in multiple studies. Neurofeedback could relieve the neuropathic pain of 40% home patients with spinal cord injury. Wearable technology could monitor and promote the recovery of hand motor function. Household portable stimulators and surface electrodes could inhibit unnecessary bladder activity and improve urinary incontinence. Strengthening stretching training at home could reduce shoulder pain in patients with chronic spinal cord injury. Using functional electrical stimulation at home could improve the muscle function of patients with spinal cord injury due to loss of neurotrophic muscle atrophy. There are still some disadvantages of home-based rehabilitation, such as complicated operation, expensiveness and not convenient to carry for training equipment, which need to be further developed.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 909-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921295

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different courses of electroacupuncture on synaptic structure and synaptic function-related proteins expression in the hippocampal CA1 region of radiation-induced brain injury mice. Sixty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into control group, radiation-induced brain injury model group, 1-week electroacupuncture group (EA1), 2-week electroacupuncture group (EA2), 3-week electroacupuncture group (EA3), and electroacupuncture-control (EA-Ctrl) group. The mice in model group were exposed to X-ray irradiation (8 Gy, 10 min) to establish radiation-induced brain injury model. The mice in EA groups were acupunctured at electroacupuncture points (Baihui, Fengfu and bilateral Shenshu) for 1 week, 2 weeks and 3 weeks respectively after radiation. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe synaptic structure in hippocampal CA1 region. The expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), synapsin-1 and postsynaptic density 95 (PSD95) in the hippocampal CA1 region of each group were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The results showed that the nuclear gap in model and EA-Ctrl groups was significantly decreased compared to control group, however nucleus to cytoplasm ratio was significantly increased. The synaptic cleft, postsynaptic density (PSD) thickness, the mitochondrial surface density, volume density and specific surface area were significantly reduced. Compared with model group, the nucleus to cytoplasm ratio of EA2 group was significantly decreased, the PSD thickness and mitochondrial volume density were significantly increased; the nuclear gap of EA3 group was significantly increased, nucleus to cytoplasm ratio was significantly decreased, synaptic cleft and PSD thickness were significantly increased, and the mitochondrial surface density and specific surface area were all increased significantly. In addition, compared with the control group, the gene and protein expressions of BDNF, synapsin-1 and PSD95 in the hippocampal CA1 region of the model group and EA-Ctrl group were significantly decreased. However, compared with the model group, the gene expression of synapsin-1 in EA groups was significantly up-regulated, the gene expression of BDNF in EA1 and EA2 groups was significantly up-regulated, and the gene expression of PSD95 in EA2 group was significantly up-regulated. Moreover, the protein expressions of BDNF, synapsin-1 and PSD95 of EA groups were significantly up-regulated compared with the model group. These results indicate that the synaptic structure and the expression of synaptic function-related proteins in hippocampal CA1 region were injured by radiation exposure, whereas electroacupuncture intervention can significantly improve the synaptic structure and function damage caused by radiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Injuries , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 737-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of glutathione S-transferases M1 (GSTM1) and glutathione S-transferases M2 (GSTM2) in follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and their clinical significances.Methods:Gene expression profile of GSE82208 generated from 52 human thyroid samples, including 27 cases of FTC and 25 cases of follicular adenoma (FA) were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The gene matrix data were extracted and analyzed, and then differentially expressed genes (DEG) between FTC and FA were identified by using Limma package. Immunohistochemical SABC method was used to detect the expression levels of GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins in FTC tissues and FA tissues collected from 56 FTC samples and 56 FA samples in Dandong First Hospital of Liaoning Province from January 2000 to December 2020. The relationship between GSTM1 and GSTM2 was analyzed; the association of expression levels of GSTM1 and GSTM2 with the clinicopathological factors of FTC patients was also analyzed.Results:Based on the GEO database, a total of 40 DEG were identified, including 9 up-regulated DEG (GSTM1, GSTM2, COL6A2, CUX2, CLUH, TSC2, OGDHL, ACADVL, SDHA) and 31 down-regulated DEG in FTC. The immunohistochemistry results of samples resected showed that the positive rates of GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins in FTC tissues were higher than those in FA tissues [71.4% (40/56) vs. 23.2% (13/56), 80.4% (45/56) vs. 14.3% (8/56)], and differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 26.11 and 49.03, both P < 0.01). The expressions of GSTM1 and GSTM2 in FTC tissues were correlated with clinical staging, invasion degree and distant metastasis (all P < 0.05), but not with gender, age and tumor diameter (all P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins expressions in FTC ( r = 0.384, P = 0.004). Conclusions:The expression levels of GSTM1 and GSTM2 in FTC are increased. The interaction between GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins can be involved in the development and progression of FTC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912402

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of oral glucocorticoids in the treatment of acute non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION).Methods:A prospective clinical study. From December 2017 to June 2020, 40 eyes of 40 patients with acute NAION who were diagnosed in Department of Ophthalmology of Tengzhou Central People's Hospital were included in the study. All the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination of optic disc; 35 eyes (BCVA≥0.1) underwent visual field examination at the same time. The BCVA examination was carried out using the international standard decimal visual acuity chart, which was converted into the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. The static visual field inspection was performed with Humphrey automatic perimeter to obtain the average mean deviation (MD) value. The thickness of peripapillary retinal nerve fire layer (pRNFL) around the optic disc of the affected eye was measured with an OCT instrument. According to the wishes of patients, they were divided into hormone treatment group and control group. All were given vitamin B1 and methylcobalamin orally; the hormone treatment group was given oral prednisone acetate treatment, 60 mg/d (regardless of body weight); after 2 weeks, the dose was reduced by 5 mg every 5 days, and the dose was reduced to 40 mg and maintained until optic disc edema subsides; thereafter, the dose was quickly reduced until the drug was stopped. Three and 6 months after treatment, the same equipment and methods were used for related examinations before treatment to observe the thickness changes of BCVA, MD, and pRNFL. The thickness of BCVA, MD, and pRNFL between the two groups was compared by Mann-Whitney U test. The thickness of BCVA, MD, and pRNFL before and after treatment within the group was compared by rank analysis of variance. Results:Among 40 eyes of 40 cases, 21 eyes were in the hormone treatment group, and 19 eyes were in the control group. There were differences in age, sex composition, course of disease, associated systemic risk factors, BCVA, MD, and pRNFL thickness between the two groups. There was no statistical significance ( P>0.05). At 3 and 6 months after treatment, the average logMAR BCVA of the eyes of the hormone treatment group and the control group were 0.26±0.32, 0.26±0.34, 0.28±0.30, 0.25±0.32, respectively. The visual field MD were -15.52±6.87, -15.55±6.04 dB and -14.82±7.48, -15.18±6.40 dB; pRNFL thickness was 70.38±10.22, 73.79±11.82 μm and 65.67±10.07, 69.26±10.85 μm. LogMAR BCVA ( Z=-0.014, -0.315; P=1.000, 0.768), visual field MD ( Z=-0.041, -0.068; P=0.979, 0.957), pRNFL thickness ( Z= -0.965, -1.112; P=0.347, 0.270), the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion:Compared with the control group, oral glucocorticoid treatment of acute NAION fail to improve the visual function and morphological prognosis during the 6-month follow-up period.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 47-53, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the material basis of the drug effect of the raw material of lamb′s tripe and vitamin B12 capsule.Methods:Rennet and pepsin were extracted with 0.9% sodium chloride and were purified by saturated ammonium sulfate precipitation, diethylaminoethyl-cellulose 52 and high pressure chromatography (HPLC) chromatography. Relative molecular weight was determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. The amino acid composition and antioxidant activity of raw materials were analyzed with HPLC. The raw materials were completely extracted with water, phosphate buffer and sodium bicarbonate in turn, and in vitro 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radil 2, 2-diphenyl-1-(2, 4, 6-trinitrophenyl)hydrazyl (DPPH) and 2, 2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) radical activity were measured. Glycoprotein from raw material was extracted with hot water and determined its growth-promoting activity gaginst Bifidobacterium adolescentis , Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus and Enterococcus faecalis was measured. The composition of amino acid and monosaccharide were analyzed by HPLC and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, respectively. Results:The enzyme activity of two purified rennet F6-2 and F7-2 which had different ionic strengths and pepsin F7-1 were 27 557.10, 17 532.60 and 17 728.15 U/g, respectively. The results of SDS-PAGE indicated that the molecular weights of three enzymes were similar, ranging from 35 000 to 40 000. The raw material contained 16 kinds of amino acids, of which hydrophobic amino acids accounted for 33.03% of the total amino acid content. When the sample concentration was 5 mg/mL, ABTS free radical scavenging activity of the three extracts was (37.80±0.45)%, (23.20±0.78)% and (62.80±0.74)%; DPPH free radical scavenging activity was (57.87±0.55)%, (5.03±0.25)% and (26.67±3.10)%, respectively. Glycoprotein extracts had promoted the growth of Bifidobacterium adolescentis, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus and Enterococcus faecalis, and there was statistically significant difference in the promotion of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus and Enterococcus faecalis ( P<0.05). The protein chain of glycoprotein was composed of 15 amino acids and the polysaccharide chain was composed of two monosaccharides, glucose and lactose. Conclusions:Two rennet and one pepsin are isolated and analyzed from raw material of lamb abomasum by various chromatographic methods. The raw material is rich in antioxidant active ingredients. The glycoprotein components of lamb abomasum has the activity of promoting the growth of probiotics.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCCE) for risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin.Methods:Clinical data of elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin and undergoing MCCE from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Chaoyang and Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were analyzed. Patients were divided into low-risk group (scores ≤ 3) and moderate/high risk group (scores >3) to study the risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin.Results:A total of 66 patients (aged 60-81 years, 45 males and 21 females) were enrolled and 17 patients developed bleeding. The indicators of low-risk ( n=51) and moderate/high risk groups ( n=15) were as follows: the incidences of upper gastrointestinal bleeding were 17.6% and 53.3%( P<0.001), gastric ulcer 5.9% and 26.7% ( P<0.001), median gastric Lanza score 2.0 and 2.0( P=0.621), duodenal ulcer 2.0% and 18.8% ( P<0.001), median duodenal mucosal injury score 1.0 and 1.0( P=0.936), respectively. Receiver operator characteristic curve showed that the area under the curve of risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin by MCCE was 0.855. Conclusion:Risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin can be used to predict the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, but the scoring rules need to be further improved. Moderate and high-risk patients should undergo MCCE to monitor aspirin related upper gastrointestinal mucosal injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1208-1214, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911859

ABSTRACT

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune-mediated peripheral neuropathy. The main therapeutic strategies for GBS are intravenous immunoglobulin and plasma exchange; however, a part of patients respond not well to current strategies. The definite mechanism of GBS remains not clear and animal models are powerful tools to investigate the pathogenesis of GBS and explore new treatments. Till now, a series of animal models have been established. This paper is aimed to review these models with focus on their characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, which will be helpful for the further experimental studies of GBS.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888142

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the roots of Aconitum kongboense were studied. Twenty-five diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from the 95% methanol extract of the roots of A. kongboense by silica gel, reverse-phase silica gel and basic alumina column chromatography. They included a new aconitine-type diterpenoid alkaloid, named as kongboensenine(1), and twenty-four known ones(2-25), i.e., acotarine F(2), acotarine G(3), 14-acetyltalatisamine(4), talatisamine(5), indaconitine(6), yunaconitine(7), chasmanine(8), 6-epi-foresticine(9), homochasmanine(10), 8-deacetyl-yunaconitine(11), chasmaconitine(12), ajaconine(13), franchetine(14), ezochasmanine(15), crassicautine(16), 14-O-deacylcrassicausine(17), genicunine A(18), falconeridine(19), sachaconitine(20), liljestrandisine(21), 8-methyl-14-acetyltalatisamine(22), kongboendine(23), 14-benzoylchasmanine(24) and pseudaconine(25). Their structures were elucidated by common spectroscopic methods including high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) techniques. Compounds 2-4, 10, 13, 15-19 and 21-22 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Experimental results showed that all compounds did not have a significant inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase(AChE).


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Aconitum/metabolism , Alkaloids , Diterpenes , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887940

ABSTRACT

The cross combination of dry-method(network pharmacology analysis) and wet-method(high-resolution mass spectro-metry with antioxidation experiment) was used to predict antioxidant quality markers(Q-markers) of Hippophae tibetana. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS) was developed to rapidly separate and identify the chemical constituents in H. tibetana. Then in DPPH free radicals and superoxide anion scavenging experiment, the antioxidant activity of the four different polar parts with extracts of petroleumether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water was evaluated. Network pharmacology method was used for functional enrichment and pathway analysis to screen antioxidant-related components and preliminarily explain the mechanism of action. On this basis, multi-source information was integrated to predict the antioxidant Q-markers. The results showed that 51 components in H. tibetana were identified, including 18 flavonoids, 14 terpenoids, 6 alkaloids, 4 coumarins and phenylpropanoids, 3 volatile components and 2 polyphenols. The antioxidant capacity of different fractions: ethyl acetate > n-butanol > water > petroleum ether. The medicine mainly acted on PI3 K-Akt and FoxO signaling pathways to perform antioxidant effects through flavonoids such as quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol. According to the results of dry-method and wet-method, quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol, the representatives of poly-hydroxy flavone, may be the antioxidant Q-markers of H. tibetana. In this study, with the antioxidant Q-markers of H. tibetana as an example, an investigation model of predicting Q-marker was discussed based on the ternary system of composition, function and informatics, providing a scientific basis for the establishment of quality evaluation standards for H. tibetana.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hippophae , Mass Spectrometry , Technology
17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 368-375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a novel posterior circulation score (PCS) based on pretreatment diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for predicting futile recanalization (FR) of acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) after endovascular therapy (EVT).Methods:A prospectively registered consecutive cohort of BAO patients treated with EVT in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University during a six-year period was reviewed. This novel DWI-based PCS (DWI-PCS) was calculated according to the characteristics of acute infarction at four sites (pons, midbrain, thalamus and cerebellum), with a normal score of 0 point and a full score of 16 points. FR was defined as the occurrence of poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score>3) at 90 days despite successful recanalization (modified Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction ≥ 2b) at final angiogram after EVT. The independent association of DWI-PCS with FR was evaluated by multivariable Logistic regression, and the predictive discrimination of DWI-PCS was measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Additionally, the effects of DWI-PCS on FR in different subgroups stratified by age, time window, stroke severity and etiology were explored.Results:Of 109 patients in this study, 48 (44.0%) suffered from FR. The multivariable Logistic analysis showed that DWI-PCS was significantly associated with FR (adjusted OR=1.31, 95% CI 1.07-1.62, P=0.01). The ROC curve analysis demonstrated that the area under the curve of DWI-PCS for predicting FR was 0.74 (95% CI 0.65-0.83), and the optimal cut-off value was ≥ 3 points (sensitivity 0.75, specificity 0.66, accuracy 0.70). Finally, the effects of DWI-PCS on FR were not found to be different across all subgroups ( P>0.10 for all interactions). Conclusions:The novel DWI-PCS may be a valid and reliable predictor of FR in BAO patients treated with EVT. Nevertheless, external validation with blinded outcome is still needed to confirm its performance before clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 478-483, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and feasibility of endovascular recanalization for non-acute internal carotid artery occlusion (NA-ICAO), and to propose a new angiographic classification.Methods:From April 2015 to October 2019, 95 consecutive patients with symptomatic NA-ICAO who received endovascular recanalization were retrospectively analyzed in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University. All the patients were divided into four groups according to DSA: type Ⅰ, petrous segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅱ, cavernous segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅲ, ophthalmic segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅳ, communicating segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels. Study data including clinical characteristics, surgical details, lesion classification, recanalization rate and perioperative complications. For the counting data, the χ 2 test was used to compare between groups. For the quantitative data, the ANOVA was used for the normal distribution data, otherwise the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. The primary safety outcome was any stroke or death within 30 days. Results:Among the 95 patients, 67 (70.53%) had successful recanalization. The recanalization rates of type Ⅰ-Ⅳ were 92.31% (36/39), 81.82% (18/22), 47.83% (11/23) and 18.18% (2/11) respectively (χ2=29.557, P<0.001). And the complication rates of the four types were 5.13% (2/39), 13.64% (3/22), 21.74% (5/23) and 9.10% (1/11) respectively. The incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was 2.11% (2/95). No other serious stroke and death occurred. Conclusions:Endovascular recanalization may be feasible and safe for carefully selected patients with NA-ICAO and therefore represents an alternative treatment. The patients with type Ⅰ and Ⅱ lesions had higher recanalization rates, while the patients with type Ⅳ lesions had significantly lower recalculation rate. The new angiographic classification is conducive to the selection of suitable patients and difficulty in grading.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the left ventricular (LV) systolic function in amateur marathoners by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography.Methods:A total of 59 amateur marathon runners were recruited from January 2019 to June 2020 in Hangzhou and were divided into group A (>2-5 years) and group B (>5 years) based on their time of participating in marathon. Thirty-one healthy volunteers were enrolled from Affiliate Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University during the same period as a control group. Conventional echocardiography combined with two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging were applied to all the subjects to obtain interventricular septum diastolic thickness (IVSd), LV posterior wall thickness(PWd), LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), relative wall thickness(RWT) and LV mass(LVM), LV end-diastolic volume(EDV), LV end-systolic volume(ESV) and stroke volume(SV), LV ejection fraction(LVEF), LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), and global circumferential strain (GCS). Pre-marathon, 1 hour and 4th day post-marathon echocardiography were performed in amateur marathon runners.Results:Compared with the control group, group A amateur marathon runners showed significant increases in IVSd, PWd, LVEDd, RWT and LVM(all P<0.05); In addition, the IVSd, PWd, LVEDd, RWT, LVM, EDV, ESV and SV in group B runners were further increased compared to those of group A runners (all P<0.01). The LVEF and pre-marathon GCS showed no statistically significant differences among the three groups (all P>0.05), while the pre-marathon GLS showed a statistically significant difference among the three groups ( P<0.01). Compared with group A runners, the pre-marathon, 1 hour and 4th day post-marathon GLS and 1 hour post-marathon GCS were significantly decreased in group B runners (all P<0.01); In intra-group comparison, 1 hour post-marathon GLS was significantly decreased in relative to pre-marathon and 4th day post-marathon GLS in both group A and B (all P<0.05). One hour post-marathon GCS was significantly decreased compared with pre-marathon GCS in group B ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Amateur runners who have participated in long time marathon have reduced LV longitudinal strains and transient post-marathon decreases in LV systolic function.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma(PDAC) and its relationship with the prognosis of patients with PDAC.Methods:From January 2001 to December 2012, 109 paraffin embedded PDAC tissue samples and 27 normal pancreatic tissue samples were collected from the Department of Pathology, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University. The expression of HER2 protein in pancreatic tissue was detected by immunohistochemical Envision two-step method. HER2 expression was evaluated according to Hercept test, and its relationship with clinicopathological features and survival time was analyzed.Results:The expression of HER2 protein was negative (-) in 29.4% of PDAC tissues, weakly positive (+ ) in 35.8%, positive (+ + ) in 25.7% and strongly positive (+ + + ) in 9.2%, respectively, and the overexpression rate (+ + , + + + ) was 34.9%; the negative (-) and weakly positive (+ ) expression of HER2 protein in normal pancreatic tissues accounted for 88.9% and 11.1% respectively. There was no expression with positive (+ + ) or strongly positive (+ + + ), therefore, the overexpression rate was 0. The overexpression rate of HER2 protein in PDAC and normal pancreatic tissues was significantly different ( P=0.000). The expression of HER2 protein was significantly correlated with age, and the expression of HER2 protein in patients with PDAC over 65 years old was significantly higher than that in patients with PDAC under 65 years old ( P=0.043), but not with gender, tumor location, tumor grade, T stage, N stage and nerve invasion (all P>0.05). Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that HER2 expression was associated with postoperative survival time of patients with PDAC ( P=0.032). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that HER2 expression was an independent prognostic factor for survival of patients with PDAC ( P=0.040). The median survival period of patients with HER2 expression + + + was significantly longer than that of patients with HER2 expression -~+ + (128.4 months vs 21.5 months), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.038). Conclusions:The overexpression of HER2 in PDAC tissue was related to the age of patients. The survival time of patients with HER2 strongly positive PDAC was significantly longer. HER2 can be considered as an index to evaluate the biological behavior and prognosis of PDAC.

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