Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 40
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bone marrow stromal cell glycosyltransferase B4GALT1 expression on hematopoietic cell proliferation and its upstream regulation mechanism.@*METHODS@#B4GALT1 was overexpressed in human bone marrow stromal cell line HS5, which was then co-cultured with acute myeloid leukemia cell line KG1a. And its effect on hematopoietic cell proliferation was detected by flow cytometry. Dual luciferase reporter assay, real-time PCR and Western blot were used to predict and validate upstream transcription factors that regulate stromal cell B4GALT1 expression.@*RESULTS@#Overexpression of B4GALT1 in HS5 significantly promoted the proliferation of KG1a in the co-culture system. B4GALT1 expression in stromal cells positively correlated with upstream c-Jun expression, which was verified by JNK/c-Jun inhibitors.@*CONCLUSION@#The differential expression of glycosyltransferases and their corresponding glycosylation in the hematopoietic microenvironment play an important role.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2778-2782, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To optimize the formulation of Diosmin gel and to investigate its in vitro release property. METHODS: Diosmin gel were prepared by using Carbomer 940 as matrix. Using accumulative release rate as index, with the amount of Carbomer 940, ethanol, acetone and pH as factors, L9(34) orthogonal test was conducted. The formulation of Diosmin gel was optimized and validated. Using Diosmin ointment as reference, dialysis bag diffusion method was used to investigate in vitro release property of Diosmin gel prepared by optimal formulation. RESULTS: The optimal formulation of Diosmin gel included Carbomer 940 1.5 g, ethanol 15 mL, glycerol 8 g, pH 6. The gel prepared with optimal formulation was sticky brown-yellow semi solid, and had good coating and spreading properties. The average accumulative release rate (2 h) was (12.67±0.12)%. Results of drug release test showed that Diosmin gel released rapidly within 12 h, then gradually slowed down. The accumulative release rates were (71.93±0.42)% (12 h) and (80.47±0.54)% (24 h), drug release of which were in line with Higuchi equation. Diosmin ointment was released slowly. The accumulative release rates were (41.74±0.18)% (12 h) and (62.63±0.59)% (24 h). Drug release of it were in line with first-order equation. CONCLUSIONS: The formulation of Diosmin gel is optimized successfully. Prepared Diosmin gel has good drug release property.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2430-2437, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774903

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Glioma is the most common primary malignant tumor in the central nervous system. Because of the resistance of glioma to chemoradiotherapy and its aggressive growth, the survival rate of patients with glioma has not improved. This study aimed to disclose the effect of retinol dehydrogenase 10 (RDH10) on the migration and invasion of glioma cells, and to explore the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression levels of RDH10 in healthy glial cells and glioma cells. Human glioma cell strains, U87 and U251, were infected with negative control or RDH10-interfering lentiviruses. RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to determine the knockdown efficiency. Scratch and transwell assays were used to assess cell migration and invasion after RDH10 knockdown. Finally, changes in transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/SMAD signaling pathway-related expression were examined by Western blotting. Differences between groups were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#RDH10 was highly expressed in glioma cells. Compared with the control group, RDH10 knockdown significantly reduced RDH10 messenger RNA and protein expression levels in U87 and U251 glioma cells (U87: 1.00 ± 0.08 vs. 0.22 ± 0.02, t = 16.55, P < 0.001; U251: 1.00 ± 0.17 vs. 0.39 ± 0.01, t = 6.30, P < 0.001). The scratch assay indicated that compared with the control group, RDH10 knockdown significantly inhibited the migration of glioma cells (U87: 1.00% ± 0.04% vs. 2.00% ± 0.25%, t = 6.08, P < 0.01; U251: 1.00% ± 0.11% vs. 2.48% ± 0.31%, t = 5.79, P < 0.01). Furthermore, RDH10 knockdown significantly inhibited the invasive capacity of glioma cells (U87: 97.30 ± 7.01 vs. 13.70 ± 0.58, t = 20.36, P < 0.001; U251: 96.20 ± 7.10 vs. 18.30 ± 2.08, t = 18.51, P < 0.001). Finally, Western blotting demonstrated that compared with the control group, downregulation of RDH10 significantly inhibited TGF-β expression, phosphorylated SMAD2, and phosphorylated SMAD3 (TGF-β: 1.00 ± 0.10 vs. 0.53 ± 0.06, t = 7.05, P < 0.01; phosphorylated SMAD2: 1.00 ± 0.20 vs. 0.42 ± 0.17, t = 4.01, P < 0.01; phosphorylated SMAD3: 1.00 ± 0.18 vs. 0.41 ± 0.12, t = 4.12, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#RDH10 knockdown might inhibit metastasis of glioma cells via the TGF-β/SMAD signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773200

ABSTRACT

Pain is one of the problems that seriously affect people's quality of life for thousands of years. The causes of pain are complex and varied,and long-term pain can also lead to depression. It has become a research hotspot to develop analgesic preparations with significant drug effects and small side effects. Recent studies have shown that certain alkaloid monomers have analgesic targets such as γ-aminobutyric acid,cannabinoids,and capsaicin. If their preparation is applied to the analgesic field,they can make up for the defects such as strong addiction and side effects of traditional opioid and non-steroidal analgesic drugs,but there is no relevant literature to summarize the research results in this field. This article first introduces the mechanism of pain production and the target of analgesia. Based on this,the application status of alkaloid monomer analgesic preparations approved by China Food and Drug Administration( CFDA)( number varieties,type of dosage form,drug description,analgesic mechanism and advantages) was analyzed,and the research dynamics of alkaloid monomer analgesic preparations( new formulation and new technology) were reviewed. Finally,some problems in this field were pointed out,such as imperfect medication information,inadequate transformation of research results,and too few kinds of analgesic components in developed alkaloids. The development direction was also pointed out for the above problems,with a view to provide reference for further development and in-depth research.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Analgesia , Analgesics , Pharmacology , China , Humans , Pain , Drug Therapy , Quality of Life
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2430-2437, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803077

ABSTRACT

Background@#Glioma is the most common primary malignant tumor in the central nervous system. Because of the resistance of glioma to chemoradiotherapy and its aggressive growth, the survival rate of patients with glioma has not improved. This study aimed to disclose the effect of retinol dehydrogenase 10 (RDH10) on the migration and invasion of glioma cells, and to explore the potential mechanism.@*Methods@#Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression levels of RDH10 in healthy glial cells and glioma cells. Human glioma cell strains, U87 and U251, were infected with negative control or RDH10-interfering lentiviruses. RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to determine the knockdown efficiency. Scratch and transwell assays were used to assess cell migration and invasion after RDH10 knockdown. Finally, changes in transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/SMAD signaling pathway-related expression were examined by Western blotting. Differences between groups were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance.@*Results@#RDH10 was highly expressed in glioma cells. Compared with the control group, RDH10 knockdown significantly reduced RDH10 messenger RNA and protein expression levels in U87 and U251 glioma cells (U87: 1.00 ± 0.08 vs. 0.22 ± 0.02, t= 16.55, P < 0.001; U251: 1.00 ± 0.17 vs. 0.39 ± 0.01, t= 6.30, P < 0.001). The scratch assay indicated that compared with the control group, RDH10 knockdown significantly inhibited the migration of glioma cells (U87: 1.00% ± 0.04% vs. 2.00% ± 0.25%, t= 6.08, P < 0.01; U251: 1.00% ± 0.11% vs. 2.48% ± 0.31%, t= 5.79, P < 0.01). Furthermore, RDH10 knockdown significantly inhibited the invasive capacity of glioma cells (U87: 97.30 ± 7.01 vs. 13.70 ± 0.58, t = 20.36, P < 0.001; U251: 96.20 ± 7.10 vs. 18.30 ± 2.08, t = 18.51, P < 0.001). Finally, Western blotting demonstrated that compared with the control group, downregulation of RDH10 significantly inhibited TGF-β expression, phosphorylated SMAD2, and phosphorylated SMAD3 (TGF-β: 1.00 ± 0.10 vs. 0.53 ± 0.06, t= 7.05, P < 0.01; phosphorylated SMAD2: 1.00 ± 0.20 vs. 0.42 ± 0.17, t= 4.01, P < 0.01; phosphorylated SMAD3: 1.00 ± 0.18 vs. 0.41 ± 0.12, t= 4.12, P < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#RDH10 knockdown might inhibit metastasis of glioma cells via the TGF-β/SMAD signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798518

ABSTRACT

Due to the definite curative effect,stable drug properties and low incidence of adverse reactions,the external traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) ointment for rheumatism treatment has attracted more and more attention from scholars at home and abroad.Based on the external TCM ointment for the treatment of rheumatism approved by China Food and Drug Administration(CFDA),this paper would comb and analyze their dosage forms,varieties,specifications,etc.On the other hand,this article summarizes the application of the new formulation technology,prescription research,study on the forming process,pharmacodynamics and safety research,etc.The problems existing in this area were pointed out,such as lack of new preparations;less research on the penetration material basis,the penetration enhancing mechanism,and the penetration enhancing law;the selection of detection indicators of quality control standards is not comprehensive enough;qualitative and quantitative studies of pharmacokinetics are relatively scarce and so on.Meanwhile,proper measures and suggestions are put forward.Not only the formulation classification and specification description of external TCM ointment should be standardized,but also new dosage forms such as intelligentized,controlled release and targeted preparations of Chinese medicine should be actively introduced;the study of transdermal activity of transdermal enhancer itself should be strengthened,and investigating the correlation between the transdermal absorption of the agent itself and promoting transdermal absorption;the biological effect index or indicators that combine chemical and biological effects should be used,and learning from the latest research achievements of multidimensional spectroscopy of Chinese herbal medicine,thereby establishing scientific detection indicators and quality control methods that conform to modern transdermal concept.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802537

ABSTRACT

Objective: With Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin as the main film-forming materials, Erhuangsan was developed into a sustained-release double-layer membrane for vagina. Method: Taking hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose(HPMC) and Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin as the film-forming materials of Coptidis Rhizoma-Alumen membrane layer, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose(CMC-Na) and Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin as the film-forming materials of Catechu membrane layer, glycerol as plasticizer, Erhuangsan Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin sustained release double-layer membrane was prepared.Central composite design-response surface methodology was used to optimize formulation of this preparation with appearance quality score, adhesion force and in vitro cumulative release as indexes. Result: Optimum formulation of Catechu membrane layer was 1.61% of CMC-Na, 3.81% of Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin and 8.49% of glycerol;optimum formulation of Coptidis Rhizoma-Alumen membrane layer was 1.15% of HPMC, 3.41% of Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin and 10.02% of glycerol. Conclusion: The optimized formulation is stable and feasible.Erhuangsan Bletillae Rhizoma gelatin sustained release double-layer membrane has characteristics of advanced dosage form and convenient use, providing a feasible modern Chinese medicine preparation for treatment of cervical cancer, and accumulating data for the research of Chinese medicine film agent.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801989

ABSTRACT

Because it can not only directly reach the lesion site to play a local therapeutic effect, but also avoid the liver first pass effect and play a systemic therapeutic effect, vaginal mucosal administration has attracted more and more attention from domestic and foreign scholars in the treatment of vaginitis, cervicitis and other diseases. This article introduces the physiological characteristics of the vagina and discusses the factors affecting drug absorption. The vaginal mucosal drug-administered preparations, which are contained in the drug database of U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA) and China Food and Drug Administration(CFDA), and listed in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, are taken as the research objects. And the application of their dosage forms, indications and other aspects were sorted out and analyzed. The related literature on vaginal mucosal drug delivery systems in recent years was reviewed, and the dosages forms and in vitro and in vivo evaluation were summarized. Some problems in the study of vaginal mucosal drug preparations have been pointed out:①the western medicine preparations are widely used, and the related Chinese medicine preparations have been developed less; ②the majority of dosage forms are tablets, suppositories and other conventional dosage forms; ③there are few studies on the evaluation of vaginal mucosal preparations in vitro and in vivo. It is suggested that the future development of vaginal mucosal drug delivery system can be a useful attempt in the application of new technologies and methods, such as combination of drugs, high adhesion excipients, liposomes, etc;so as to provide reference for the application and improvement of vaginal mucosal drug delivery system.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695585

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences and correlation between immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of HER2 in invasive breast cancer.Methods A total of 604 breast cancer specimens from Nov.2014 to Dec.2016 in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were evaluated for HER2 status by both IHC and FISH to calculate the concordance between these two assays and analyze the causes of discordant cases.Results Except for cases with IHC uncertainty(2+),overall concordance between IHC and FISH in detection of HER2 was 97.2% (412/424).The concordance for positive and negative detection was 93.0%(146/157) and 99.6%(266/267),respectively.The main reasons for the difference of HER2 expression in breast cancer detected by the two methods were the incorrect interpretation of IHC,the higher or lower concentration of antibody,and the change in guidelines.Conclusion HER2 IHC assay is subjective and sensitive to technical factors for determining the expression levels of HER2 protein in breast cancer so that it is not as stable as HER2 FISH assay.

10.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 2034-2038, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657913

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the equilibrium solubilities,oil-water partition coefficients and in vitro skin permeation features of brucine and strychnine in total alkaloids from Strychni Semen.METHODS Saturated dissolution method was applied to determining the equilibrium solubilities of two constituents in ethanol (10%,20%,30%,60%,90%,anhydrous ethanol),trichloromethane,n-octanol and surfactants (0.5% tween,0.5% sodium deoxycholate,0.5% oleic acid).Shake-flask method was adopted in detecting their oil-water partition coefficients in PBS (pH 2.5,4.0,5.0,5.8,6.8,7.0,7.4,9.0).Modified Franz diffusion cell method was used for evaluating their in vitro skin permeation features in PBS,20% ethanol and anhydrous ethanol.RESULTS Both brucine and strychnine showed the highest equilibrium solubilities in trichloromethane and the lowest equilibrium solubilities in surfactants.The equilibrium solubility of strychnine was higher than that of brucine in ethanol (> 20%) or PBS (pH < 8.0),which reached the highest in 60% ethanol and pH 2.5 PBS,respectively.The similar oil-water partition coefficients of two constituents,proportional to pH value,reached the highest at pH9.0.And they exhibited the highest accumulated transdermal absorptivities in anhydrous ethanol and pH 9.0 PBS,respectively.CONCLUSION Solvent type has obvious effects on the equilibrium solubilities,oil-water partition coefficients and in vitro skin permeation features of both brucine and strychnine.This study can provide a reference for the bioavailability improvement of transdermal drug delivery and development of related preparations.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258487

ABSTRACT

A new δ-oleanane-type triterpenoid glycoside, 3-O-(3-O-sulfo)-β-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid 3β-hydroxy-13(18)-oleanen- 28-oic acid 28-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1), along with ten known triterpenoid glycosides, rotundinoside A (2), oblonganoside M (3), 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl 3β,19α-dihydroxy-20α- urs-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-β-D- glucopyranosyl ester (4), ilexsaponin B2 (5), ilexside Ⅱ (6), rotundinoside B (7), ilekudinoside B (8), ilexpublesnin E (9), ilekudinoside D (10) and ilexpernoside D (11), was isolated from the 75% ethanol extract of the roots of Ilex asprella by various chromatographic separation. Their structures were identified on the basis of MS, NMR spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. In addition, 2-11 were isolated from I. asprella for the first time.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338227

ABSTRACT

Anoectochilus roxburghii is a traditional Chinese medicine and natural health products. In the modern cultivation system, A. roxburghii is micropropagated in tissue culture, and the plants are transferred to soil cultivation for months. However, it remains unclear about the necessity of soil cultivation for the accumulation of health beneficial compounds. In this paper, we performed nontargeted metabolomic analysis using GC-TOF-MS and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, on A. roxburghii plants at tissue culture stage or after 3 months of soil cultivation. The results showed that the primary metabolites such as alcohols and organic acids are abundant in the tissue culture plants. In contrast, polysaccharide, nucleoside, esters and secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, terpenoids were significantly accumulated in cultivated seedlings. Flavonoids and polysaccharides are considered as the principle effective components in A. roxburghii. Soil cultivation period is therefore essential for the accumulation of these metabolites.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the laparoscopic joint comeback guided radiofrequency ablation for hepatic hemangioma clinical application and evaluation of efficacy and safety.Methods:The clinical data were treated from August 2010 to August 2015 period 81 cases of hepatic hemangioma (HCH) patients analyzed.Patients met the inclusion criteria were divided into 33 cases of laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation(LRFA) group,laparoscopic resection(LR) group 22 cases,26 cases of open surgery group.Changes were detected before and after surgery of liver function;record the operation time and hospital stay,blood loss,postoperative complications and compared.Results:Effect of three groups of liver function are transient in nature.LRFA complication rate (15.2%) was significantly lower than the LR group (36.4%) and surgical resection group (50.0%),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05.Open surgery operative time,hospital stay was significantly longer than the other two groups;and LRFA group of patients had no bleeding,no blood transfusion cases,significantly lower than the LR and open surgical resection group.Conclusion:LRFA treatment HCH,both advantages and laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation,combined with joint endoscopic ultrasonic guidance makes it more secure and less complications,is a safe and effective method of treatment of hepatic hemangioma,worthy of promotion.

14.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 2034-2038, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660449

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the equilibrium solubilities,oil-water partition coefficients and in vitro skin permeation features of brucine and strychnine in total alkaloids from Strychni Semen.METHODS Saturated dissolution method was applied to determining the equilibrium solubilities of two constituents in ethanol (10%,20%,30%,60%,90%,anhydrous ethanol),trichloromethane,n-octanol and surfactants (0.5% tween,0.5% sodium deoxycholate,0.5% oleic acid).Shake-flask method was adopted in detecting their oil-water partition coefficients in PBS (pH 2.5,4.0,5.0,5.8,6.8,7.0,7.4,9.0).Modified Franz diffusion cell method was used for evaluating their in vitro skin permeation features in PBS,20% ethanol and anhydrous ethanol.RESULTS Both brucine and strychnine showed the highest equilibrium solubilities in trichloromethane and the lowest equilibrium solubilities in surfactants.The equilibrium solubility of strychnine was higher than that of brucine in ethanol (> 20%) or PBS (pH < 8.0),which reached the highest in 60% ethanol and pH 2.5 PBS,respectively.The similar oil-water partition coefficients of two constituents,proportional to pH value,reached the highest at pH9.0.And they exhibited the highest accumulated transdermal absorptivities in anhydrous ethanol and pH 9.0 PBS,respectively.CONCLUSION Solvent type has obvious effects on the equilibrium solubilities,oil-water partition coefficients and in vitro skin permeation features of both brucine and strychnine.This study can provide a reference for the bioavailability improvement of transdermal drug delivery and development of related preparations.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506285

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine equilibrium solubility and apparent oil/water partition coefficient of ephedra alkaloid in the compatibility Ephedrae Herba-Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata; To provide a basis for transdermal delivery.Methods The extract was prepared by 70% ethyl alcohol and D101 macroporous absorbent resins. Dissolvability of its main effective components (ephedrine and pseudoephedrine) in the compatibility Ephedrae Herba-Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata was determined by precipitation method and HPLC method; the oil/water partition coefficient of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine in n-octanol-water buffer solution system were determined by shaking flask method.Results The extract had optimum solubility in methyl alcohol and acetonitrile, and ephedrine and pseudoephedrine had optimum solubility in buffered solution of pH 7.4. Oil/water partition coefficient of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine in n-octanol-water system was 0.101 with lgP=-0.99 and 0.076 with lgP=-1.12. Oil-water partition coefficients of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine in the extract were affected by pH.Conclusion The extract has optimum solubility in high polar solvents. Ephedrine and pseudoephedrine have certain fatsoluble and water-soluble in suitable pH, which was beneficial for transdermal absorption.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy of volume-targeted ventilation (VTV) for the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-two neonates with NRDS between August 2013 and August 2015 were randomly divided into two groups: VTV and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) (n=26 each ). A/C+Vc+ ventilation model was applied in the VTV group, and A/C+PCV ventilation model was applied in the PCV group. Arterial blood gas analysis was performed at 6, 24, and 48 hours after ventilation. The following parameters were observed: time of invasive ventilation, duration of oxygen therapy, mortality, and the incidence rates of hypocapnia, pneumothorax, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), grade III-IV periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the PCV group, the VTV group had a significantly shorter time of invasive ventilation (P<0.05) and significantly lower incidence rates of hypocapnia, VAP, and PVL (P<0.05); however, there were no significant differences in the duration of oxygen therapy, mortality, and incidence rates of pneumothorax, grade III-IV PVH-IVH, BPD, and ROP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>VTV has a better efficacy than PCV in the treatment of NRDS, and is worthy of clinical promotion and application.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Respiration, Artificial , Methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Therapeutics
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1104-1114, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242270

ABSTRACT

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an important biomaterial as the extracellular matrix in human body. We produced HA by fermentation of Streptococcus iniae (Strep.). Production of HA by Strep. was evaluated and further improved by strain mutation by ultraviolet. One strain with higher HA yield and lower content of protein was obtained. Its HA yield increased from (82.3±3.3) mg/L to (120±10.6) mg/L, and protein decreased from (0.178±0.011) mg/L to (0.032±0.017) mg/L. The molecular weight (MW) of HA yield from Strep. is about 3.0×10⁵ Da. Using the method of freezing and thawing, HA aqueous solution was transferred into hydrogel. This HA hydrogel, casted on sterilized non-woven fabric, was applied to repair rabbit skin with full-thickness defect. The preliminary results of the animal tests displayed that HA hydrogel obviously reduced the inflammation around the wound and promoted the skin regeneration comparing with the control tests.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biocompatible Materials , Fermentation , Hyaluronic Acid , Hydrogels , Molecular Weight , Rabbits , Regeneration , Skin , Streptococcus iniae , Metabolism , Wound Healing
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501594

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer’ s disease ( AD) is one of the most common dementia of neurodegenerative disorders, which results from the deposition of amyloid-beta ( Aβ) and there are no curative treatments for this disease at present.It had been proved that prion protein is the receptor for Aβand it plays a key role in the progress of AD with dual-side effects. Prion protein can not only transfer neurotoxicity to neurons but also protect them from neurotoxicity of Aβ.The polymor-phisms of prion protein encoding gene ( PRNP) affect the AD incubation period and clinical symptoms in humans and other animals.The discovery of PRNP mutational mouse fills the gaps of existing AD mouse models in this research area, which is potential for the studies of pathogenesis, new drugs design and testing aspects.The role and effects of prion protein in AD pathogenesis were summarized in this paper, furthermore, the discovery and utility of PRNP gene mutational mouse in research on AD and/or amyloid diseases were reviewed, and in order to provide some guidance for AD animal model study.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465357

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To study the effects of nuclear factor kappa B ( NF-κB) on human hepcidin expression in fer-ric ammonium citrate ( FAC)-induced HH4 hepatocytes.METHODS:Non-transformed HH4 cells were exposed to FAC at concentrations of 0.1, 1, 5 and 10 mmol/L for 48 h.The expression of iron regulatory gene hepcidin was determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR.The effects of NF-κB on hepcidin transcriptional activity were detected using chromatin immuno-precipitation (ChIP), electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and dual-luciferase reporter assay system, combined with the inhibition experiments of intracellular NF-κB activity.RESULTS: FAC at concentrations of 5 mmol/L and 10 mmol/L significantly enhanced the expression of hepcidin.The results of ChIP and EMSA showed the binding of NF-κB to the upstream of hepcidin promoter.Treatment with NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 attenuated hepcidin expression.The lucif-erase activity in the cells transfected with recombinant luciferase reporter plasmid was obviously higher than that in control group.CONCLUSION:NF-κB is the transcription factor that contributes to hepcidin expression in iron overload-induced HH4 cells.

20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 536-540, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between the level of serum testosterone and atherosclerosis in middle-aged and elderly men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a population-based study of 413 males aged 40-75 years in a community in Guangzhou. We obtained the sociodemographic characteristics, clinical data, physical measurements, and laboratory results of sex hormones, blood glucose, and blood lipid of the subjects. We also measured the carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) by color Doppler ultrasonography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The subjects were divided into a carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) group (CIMT ≥ 0.9 mm) and a non-CAS group (CIMT < 0.9 mm). The medians of free testosterone (FT) were 57.41 and 59.72 pmol/L in the CAS and non-CAS groups, respectively (P = 0.005), and no significant difference was found between the two groups in total testosterone (TT). The levels of serum FT and TT were negatively correlated to CIMT, with Spearman's rank correlation coefficients of -0.126 (P = 0.011) and -0.188 (P < 0.001), respectively. The incidence rates of CAS were 23.30, 13.46, 17.48, and 7.77% in the Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups, respectively according to the quartile of FT (P for trend = 0.008) and 17.48, 18.27, 16.50, and 9.71% respectively according to the quartile of TT (P for trend = 0.116). Based on the quartile of FT and after adjustment for age, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, and HbAlc, the risk of CAS was significantly increased in the Q1 group as compared with Q4 (OR = 2.491, 95% CI 1.01-6.149), but no statistically significant differences were observed according to the quartile of TT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A low serum FT level may be a risk factor of atherosclerosis in Chinese men aged 40 years or older.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Carotid Artery Diseases , Blood , Epidemiology , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Blood , Humans , Incidence , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Testosterone , Blood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL