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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889957

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Growth hormone (GH) is the main regulator of somatic growth, metabolism, and gender dimorphism in the liver. GH receptor (GHR) signaling in cancer is derived from a large body of evidence, although the GHR signaling pathway involved in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC, remains unclear. We aimed to explore the expression of GHR and analyze its association with clinicopathologic features and prognosis of patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. @*Methods@#The expression of GHR mRNA was investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in paired tumors and adjacent non-tumorous (ANT) liver tissues of 200 patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. Western blotting and immunofluorescence assays using the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model was performed. @*Results@#GHR mRNA was significantly lower in HCV-HCC tissues than in corresponding ANT liver tissues. GHR mRNA and protein levels also decreased in the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model. Notably, lower GHR expression was associated with age of >60 years (P=0.0111) and worse clinicopathologic characteristics, including alpha-fetoprotein >100 ng/mL (P=0.0403), cirrhosis (P=0.0075), vascular invasion (P=0.0052), pathological stage II–IV (P=0.0002), and albumin ≤4.0 g/dL (P=0.0055), which were linked with poor prognosis of HCC. Most importantly, the high incidence of recurrence and poor survival rates in patients with a low ratio of tumor/ANT GHR (≤0.1) were observed, indicating that low expression levels of GHR had great risk for development of HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. @*Conclusions@#Our study demonstrates a significant down-regulation of GHR expression as a new unfavorable independent prognostic factor in patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore risk factors for relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in adult Philadelphia chromosome-negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-ALL).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed for 65 adult Ph-ALL patients undergoing initial allo-HSCT from 2016 to 2018. The effect of baseline level and treatment pre-transplantation for relapse after allo-HSCT was analyzed.Results:There were 37 males and 28 females with a median age of 25(14-58) years during allo-HSCT. And the median follow-up period was 27 months post-HSCT. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 78.8%(95%CI 67.8%-89.8%) and the 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS) 70.7% (95%CI 58.2%-83.2%). Pre-transplant chemotherapy was offered for 3 to 7 courses and the median dose of polyethylene glycol-conjugated asparaginase (PEG-ASP) was 3 doses (2 000 IU/m 2 per dose). Multiariate analysis revealed that the regimen included more than 4 doses of PEG-ASP pre-HSCT (HR=4.067, P=0.046) was a protective factor for post-transplant relapse (HR=0.193, P=0.009). High-risk chromosome karyotype was a risk factor for relapse (HR=0.193, P=0.009). The 2-year RFS rate was 90.0%(95%CI 79.2%-100.0%) for intensive PEG-ASP group and 56.9%(95%CI 39.1%-74.7%) for control group ( P=0.01). No significant inter-group difference existed in overall survival (OS)( P=0.079). The 2-year OS was 90.6% (95%CI 80.4%-100.0%) in intensive PEG-ASP group and 72.1% (95%CI 56.6%-87.6%) in control group. Conclusions:For adult ph-ALL patients, a higher dose of PEG-ASP in pretransplant chemotherapy regimens may improve post-transplant RFS and achieve a better outcome.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911430

ABSTRACT

To investigate the predictive value of [ 18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission computed tomography(PET)/CT for disease progression in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Sixty-seven DM patients who underwent [ 18F] FDG-PET/CT imaging were retrospectively analyzed from January 2012 to September 2017 at PLA General Hospital. Their clinical manifestations and imaging characteristics were recorded. Compared with those chronically progressed (C-ILD), patients with rapid progression (RP-ILD) had significantly higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and standardized uptake value (SUV) in lungs ( P<0.05). In patients with RP-ILD, SUV in lungs was positively correlated with age, disease course, and ESR. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis suggested that when lung SUV cut off value was 2.25, the sensitivity and specificity to predict disease progression was 77.8% and 72.8%, respectively. Old age, longer disease course, low creatine kinase level, higher ESR, and high SUV are prognostic factors for DM-associated ILD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effect of polygonatum polysaccharide on zebrafish with Alzheimer disease. METHODS Zebrafish were trained in T maze for 7 d. The 40 zebrafish successfully trained were divided into 4 groups:blank group, model group, positive group and polygonatum polysaccharide group. Model group, positive group and polygonatum polysaccharide group were put in AlCl3100μg·L-1 for 6 d. The positive group was exposed to Huperzine A solution 4μg·L-1, and the polygonatum polysaccharide group was exposed to polygonatum polysaccharide solution 6 g·L-1 for 6 d. The model group was not treated, and the blank group was not treated. Each stage of zebrafish was recorded by video, and the time of each group in the EC region was analyzed. After administration, the brain tissue was taken out and the expression of N-cadherin, P38 and p-P38 protein factors was determined by Western blotting. RESULTS In behavior, the analysis of the time spent in the EC area, the blank group, the positive group and the polygonatum polysac?charide group were compared with the model group, respectively, there were statistically significant differences (P<0.05). At the protein level, compared with the model group, the P38 and p-P38 proteins in the positive group and the polygonatum polysaccharide group were down-regulated, while the N-cadherin protein was up-regulated, with statistical difference (P<0.05). CONCLUSION Polygonatum polysaccharide can improve the learning and memory ability of zebrafish with Alzheimer disease by up regulating the protein level of N-cadherin and hindering P38 phosphorylation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the active components of sovereign medicinal Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix in Rongjin Niantong formula based on bioinformatics and network pharmacology and observe their effects on therapeutic targets of osteoarthritis (OA) in <italic>in vivo</italic> and <italic>in vitro</italic> animal experiments. Method:The main active components and therapeutic targets of Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the differentially expressed genes relevant to OA from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database for cross analysis. The effects of main active components in Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix on enriched therapeutic targets of rats with OA <italic>in vivo </italic>and <italic>in vitro</italic> were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:There were 20 active components for Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix against OA, with quercetin being an important one. Among the three target genes, osteopontin (OPN) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1(PAI-1) were the key ones in the network. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis yielded 227 related terms, involving the regulation of physiological response to trauma (GO: 1903034), negative regulation of trauma response (GO: 1903035), etc. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed 12 related pathways, involving extracellular matrix receptor interaction (hsa04512) and so on. In animal experiments, compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited increased gene and protein expression of OPN and PAI-1. Compared with the model group, the quercetin group displayed decreased gene and protein expression of OPN and PAI-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In cell experiments, the OPN and PAI-1 protein expression levels in the model group were increased as compared with those in the normal group, while the Collagen Ⅱ protein expression was decreased. The OPN and PAI-1 protein expression levels in the quercetin group and the inhibitor group were down-regulated in contrast to those in the model group, whereas the Collagen Ⅱ protein expression levels were up-regulated significantly (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Conclusion:Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix<italic> </italic>inhibits cartilage degeneration and exerts the preventive and therapeutic effects against OA, which is possibly due to the efficacy of its active component quercetin in down-regulating the expression of OPN and PAI-1 in chondrocytes and up-regulating the Collagen Ⅱ protein expression.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of total glucosides of paeony (TGPs) on intestinal motility, barrier function, and gut microbiota in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Method:Thirty NOD mice were randomly assigned into the model group (deionized water), prebiotic fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) group (700 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), and the low- (160 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (320 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (640 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>) TGP groups, with six mice in each group. Moreover, the BALB/c mice were employed as the normal control and administered with deionized water. The food and water intakes, number of discharged fecal particles, and fecal moisture content were observed to evaluate the effect of TGPs on intestinal motility in SS mice. The levels of <italic>D</italic>-lactate (<italic>D</italic>-Lac) content, diamine oxidase (DAO), and junction-associated protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in mouse serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The fecal samples collected at different time points were determined by spread plate method and gas chromatography for uncovering the intestinal microbial communities and the content of short-chain fatty acids. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited decreased food and water intakes (<italic>P</italic><0.01), weakened intestinal propulsion (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated <italic>D</italic>-Lac and DAO (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), lowered ZO-1 and SCFAs (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and reduced number of intestinal bacteria (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that TGPs significantly increased the number of discharged fecal particles and fecal moisture content (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced intestinal propulsion (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased serum <italic>D</italic>-Lac and DAO levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated ZO-1 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Apart from increasing the proportions of <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic> and <italic>Lactobacillus</italic> and decreasing the proportion of<italic> Enterobacter </italic>in intestinal flora (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), TGPs also accelerated the production of acetic acid and butyric acid (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:TGPs attenuate SS-mediated constipation and restore the impaired intestinal barrier function in mice by increasing fecal moisture content, boosting intestinal motility, regulating intestinal microbial communities, elevating acetic acid and butyric acid levels, and up-regulating tight junction protein expression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive performance of machine learning model based on vascular risk factors in early prediction of vascular cognitive impairment. Methods:From April to September, 2020, 70 subjects were enrolled and collected information of the demographics and vascular risk factors. They were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and then divided into normal group, vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) group and dementia group. The differences of vascular risk factors among the three groups were detected with one-way ANOVA, and the significant factors were selected to establish predictive models with support vector machine (SVM) and extreme learning machine (ELM). The predictive performance of two models was compared with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:There were 32 cases in the normal group, 23 in VaMCI group and 15 in dementia group. Systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein and blood uric acid were significantly different among the three groups (F > 3.318, P < 0.05). The area under curve was the most (0.911) in SVM model predicting for VaMCI (P < 0.01), and the predictive efficacy was better for SVM model. Conclusion:SVM predictive model based on vascular risk factors may be more effective for predicting VaMCI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1055-1059, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, and discuss the spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion.@*METHODS@#The literature on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 was searched, summarized and analyzed, and the disease spectrum was summarized. At the same time, the literature from 2015 to 2019 (group A), 1978 to 2005 (group B), and 1949 to 2005 (group C) was compared, and the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy were summarized.@*RESULTS@#There were 32 011 articles on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, including 377 kinds of indications. These indications can be mostly classified as neurology (9384), orthopedics and traumatology (7765), gastroenterology (3529) and obstetrics and gynecology (2283). The types of diseases were mostly gastroenterology (52 types), neurology (47 types), ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology (47 types), and obstetrics and gynecology (42 types). The first-class indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in the recent 5 years were hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, knee osteoarthritis, insomnia, constipation and cerebrovascular diseases; the second-class were facial neuritis, shoulder pain and headache; the third-class were dysphagia, dysmenorrhea and depression; the forth-class were asthma, urinary retention, cerebral palsy, hypertension, dementia, side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, infertility, allergic rhinitis, vertigo, shoulder-hand syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, herpes zoster, pain, hiccup, diarrhea, lumbar sprain and sciatica.@*CONCLUSION@#Although the disease spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have changed to some extent in the recent 5 years, neurology and orthopedics and traumatology are still predominant, and the observation objects tend to transition from symptoms to diseases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Moxibustion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infections among patients with diabetes mellitus in Hangzhou City. Methods A total of 337 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, 624 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 384 patients with gestational diabetes mellitus living in Hangzhou City during the period from March 2017 through May 2020 were recruited as the study subjects, while age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers and pregnant women without gestational diabetes mellitus served as controls. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed to detect serum IgG and IgM antibodies against T. gondii in patients with diabetes mellitus and controls, and the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii antibody was compared between diabetes mellitus patients and controls. Results The overall seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii antibody (18.10% vs. 4.45%, χ2 = 31.38, P < 0.01) and the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibody (14.54% vs. 2.97%, χ2 = 28.28, P < 0.01) were both significantly higher in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus than in healthy controls, while no significant difference was seen in the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgM antibody between patients and controls (3.56% vs. 1.48%, χ2 = 2.96, P > 0.05). The seroprevalence rates of serum anti-T. gondii (23.56% vs. 6.57%, χ2 = 70.37, P < 0.01) and anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies (21.15% vs. 5.45%, χ2 = 66.73, P < 0.01) were significantly higher in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus than in healthy controls, while no significant difference was seen in the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgM antibody between patients and controls (2.40% vs. 1.12%, χ2 = 2.96, P > 0.05). In addition, the overall seroprevalence of serum anti-T. gondii antibody (26.30% vs. 19.53%, χ2 = 4.98, P < 0.05) and the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibody (23.70% vs. 17.71%, χ2 = 4.20, P < 0.05) were both significantly higher in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus than in pregnant women without gestational diabetes mellitus, while no significant difference was seen in the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgM antibody between pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (2.60% vs. 1.82%, χ2 = 0.54, P > 0.05). Conclusions The patients with diabetes mellitus present a higher seroprevalence rate of anti-T. gondii antibody than controls in Hangzhou City. Screening of T. gondii infections and health education pertaining to toxoplasmosis prevention and control knowledge should be reinforced in patients with diabetes mellitus.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897661

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Growth hormone (GH) is the main regulator of somatic growth, metabolism, and gender dimorphism in the liver. GH receptor (GHR) signaling in cancer is derived from a large body of evidence, although the GHR signaling pathway involved in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC, remains unclear. We aimed to explore the expression of GHR and analyze its association with clinicopathologic features and prognosis of patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. @*Methods@#The expression of GHR mRNA was investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in paired tumors and adjacent non-tumorous (ANT) liver tissues of 200 patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC. Western blotting and immunofluorescence assays using the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model was performed. @*Results@#GHR mRNA was significantly lower in HCV-HCC tissues than in corresponding ANT liver tissues. GHR mRNA and protein levels also decreased in the HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell model. Notably, lower GHR expression was associated with age of >60 years (P=0.0111) and worse clinicopathologic characteristics, including alpha-fetoprotein >100 ng/mL (P=0.0403), cirrhosis (P=0.0075), vascular invasion (P=0.0052), pathological stage II–IV (P=0.0002), and albumin ≤4.0 g/dL (P=0.0055), which were linked with poor prognosis of HCC. Most importantly, the high incidence of recurrence and poor survival rates in patients with a low ratio of tumor/ANT GHR (≤0.1) were observed, indicating that low expression levels of GHR had great risk for development of HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. @*Conclusions@#Our study demonstrates a significant down-regulation of GHR expression as a new unfavorable independent prognostic factor in patients with chronic hepatitis C and HCC.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874443

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Obstacles exist in facilitating hepatitis C virus (HCV) care cascade. To increase timely and accurate diagnosis, disease awareness and accessibility, in-hospital HCV reflex testing followed by automatic appointments and a late call-back strategy (R.N.A. model) was applied. We aimed to compare the HCV treatment rate of patients treated with this strategy compared to those without. @*Methods@#One hundred and twenty-five anti-HCV seropositive patients who adopted the R.N.A. model in 2020 and another 1,396 controls treated in 2019 were enrolled to compare the gaps in accurate HCV RNA diagnosis to final treatment allocation. @*Results@#The HCV RNA testing rate was significantly higher in patients who received reflex testing than in those without reflex testing (100% vs. 84.8%, P<0.001). When patients were stratified according to the referring outpatient department, a significant improvement in the HCV RNA testing rate was particularly noted in patients from non-hepatology departments (100% vs. 23.3%, P<0.001). The treatment rate in HCV RNA seropositive patients was 83% (83/100) after the adoption of the R.N.A. model, among whom 96.1% and 73.9% of patients were from the hepatology and non-hepatology departments, respectively. Compared to subjects without R.N.A. model application, a significant improvement in the treatment rate was observed for patients from non-hepatology departments (73.9% vs. 27.8%, P=0.001). The application of the R.N.A. model significantly increased the in-hospital HCV treatment uptake from 6.4% to 73.9% for patients from non-hepatology departments (P<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The care cascade increased the treatment uptake and set up a model for enhancing in-hospital HCV elimination.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874441

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Direct‐acting antivirals (DAAs) have been approved for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. Nevertheless, the complicated comedications and their potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with DAAs might limit clinical practice in this special population. @*Methods@#The number, class, and characteristics of comedications and their potential DDIs with five DAA regimens were analyzed among HCV-viremic patients from 23 hemodialysis centers in Taiwan. @*Results@#Of 2,015 hemodialysis patients screened in 2019, 169 patients seropositive for HCV RNA were enrolled (mean age, 65.6 years; median duration of hemodialysis, 5.8 years). All patients received at least one comedication (median number, 6; mean class number, 3.4). The most common comedication classes were ESRD-associated medications (94.1%), cardiovascular drugs (69.8%) and antidiabetic drugs (43.2%). ESRD-associated medications were excluded from DDI analysis. Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir had the highest frequency of potential contraindicated DDIs (red, 5.6%), followed by glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (4.0%), sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (1.3%), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (1.3%), and elbasvir/grazoprevir (0.3%). For potentially significant DDIs (orange, requiring close monitoring or dose adjustments), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir had the highest frequency (19.9%), followed by sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (18.2%), glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (12.6%), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (12.6%), and elbasvir/grazoprevir (7.3%). Overall, lipid-lowering agents were the most common comedication class with red-category DDIs to all DAA regimens (n=62), followed by cardiovascular agents (n=15), and central nervous system agents (n=10). @*Conclusions@#HCV-viremic patients on hemodialysis had a very high prevalence of comedications with a broad spectrum, which had varied DDIs with currently available DAA regimens. Elbasvir/grazoprevir had the fewest potential DDIs, and sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir had the most potential DDIs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule on chronic prostatitis (CP) of damp and heat stasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with CP of damp and heat stasis were randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a medication group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off). In the medication group, tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule was given orally, 0.2 mg a time, once each night. On the basis of treatment in the medication group, EA was applied at Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yinglingquan (SP 9), with disperse-dense wave, 5 mA in intensity for 30 min. Treatment for 30 days was as one course, and totally 3 courses were required in both groups. Before treatment, 1, 2, 3 months into treatment and at the follow-up of 2 months after treatment, the TCM syndrome score and National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) score were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of 3 months into treatment and follow-up were decreased in the acupuncture plus medication group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with medication can improve the clinical symptoms in patients with CP of damp and heat stasis, and its therapeutic effect is superior to simple western medication.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Disease , Hot Temperature , Humans , Male , Prostatitis/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882039

ABSTRACT

Objective To increase the awareness of malaria prevention and control among people going abroad and returners, so as to prevent the local retransmission of oversea imported malaria. Methods Health education interventions for malaria control were given to people going abroad and returners in communities, and the changes of malaria prevention and control knowledge and medical-seeking behaviors were observed among the target populations. Results There were 367 people going abroad and oversea returners from malaria-endemic areas in Zhangjiagang City from July 2018 to December 2019, and 18 imported malaria cases were found. Following the implementation of community health education, the awareness of malaria prevention and control knowledge increased significantly from 35.09% to 93.08% among the target populations (χ2 = 78.130, P < 0.01), and the proportions of carrying anti-malarial drugs and administration of anti-malarial drugs for emergency treatment increased from 12.14% and 11.46% to 26.79% and 26.79% (χ2 = 8.793 and 9.834, P < 0.05), respectively. In addition, the mean duration from malaria onset to the definitive diagnosis reduced from (5.86 ± 4.45) days to (3.11 ± 1.28) days (U = 64.000, P < 0.05). Conclusion Community health education based on the precision community administration is an effective approach for malaria control in current era.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881049

ABSTRACT

Two new triterpenoid saponins, ardisicrenoside R and S (1 and 2), and one new phenylpropanoid glycoside, ardicrephenin (3), along with five known compounds (4-8), were isolated from roots of Ardisia crenata. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data and chemical methods. Compounds 2-7 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against A549, MCF-7, HepG2 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines by MTT assay. Ardicrenin (6) showed significant cytotoxicity, with IC

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 686-691, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of the integration of field processing and decoction piece processing (hereinafter called “Integration”for short )on chemical composition of Ligusticum chuanxiong decoction pieces. METHODS :Fresh L. chuanxiong were collected from Dujiangyan and Pengzhou of Sichuan ;integrated decoction pieces of L. chuanxiong were prepared after washing ,drying in the shade (to about 28% moisture content ),slicing and drying ;traditional decoction pieces was prepared after drying in the shade ,adding water to moisten (to the core ),slicing and drying. HPLC fingerprints of two kinds of decoction pieces samples (with 10 batches in each type )were established. The determination was performed on WondaSil C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of 1% formic acid solution-acetonitrile (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 285 nm,and the sample size was 10 μL. Using ligusticolide A as reference ,HPLC fingerprints of 20 batches of samples were drawn. The similarity of the fingerprints was evaluated with Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of TCM (2004A edition ),and then common peaks were confirmed. The contents of chlorogenic acid ,ferulic acid and ligusticolide A were determined by above chromatographic condition. Single factor variance analysis was performed for comparison of the contents. RESULTS :The similarity of HPLC fingerprints among 20 batches of samples was above 0.900. A total of 16 common peaks were determined ,7 of which were chlorogenic acid ,ferulic acid,ligusticolide Ⅰ,pine cypress ferulinate ,ligusticolide A ,n-butylphthalide and ligustilide ,respectively. The linear range of chlorogenic acid ,ferulic acid and ligusticolide A were 0.008-0.200 mg/mL(r=0.999 9),0.010-0.140 mg/mL(r=0.999 2)and 0.100-0.600 mg/mL(r=0.999 3);the limits of quantification were 0.002 8,0.000 6 and 0.005 0 mg/mL,respectively;the limits of detection were 0.000 8,0.000 1 and 0.001 0 mg/mL,respectively;RSDs of precision ,reproducibility and stability tests were all lower than 3%,and average recoveries were 96.27%-102.02%(RSD<2%,n=6). The contents of above compositions in the integrated decoction pieces and traditional decoction pieces were(1.677 0±0.311 0),(1.562 7±0.124 5),(9.494 0±1.351 3)mg/g and(1.300 2±0.469 2),(1.388 0±0.209 9),(9.811 7±1.098 9)mg/g,respectively;there was no statistical significance between 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The chemical composition of each batch of samples of L. chuanxiong integrated decoction pieces and traditional decoction pieces is consistent ,and the content of index components as chlorogenic acid ,ferulic acid and ligusticolide A in the decoction pieces is not affected by the integration processing. This process is feasible to a certain extent.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1022-1026, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821579

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the differences of binocular vessel density and retinal thickness in patients with anisometropia, including refractive index, axial length, vessel density in 3 mm×3 mm macular area and peripapillary area, nerve fiber thickness of 3mm×3mm macular area. And to study the relationship between axial length and vessel density, as well as retinal thickness, analyze its clinical significance in the occurrence and development of anisometropia.<p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 27 patients with anisometropia in our hospital. All the patients received the examinations including binocular diopter, intraocular pressure, axial length, vessel density in 3mm×3mm macular area and peripapillary area, retinal thickness in macular area. SPSS 23.0 and paired <i>t</i>-test was used to analyze and compare the differences. <p>RESULTS: In all 27 patients, the refractive index and axial length of the one with a higher degree were greater than that of the low eye(<i>t</i>=-3.559, 3.083, <i>P</i><0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in superficial vessel density, deep vessel density, and retinal thickness in the macular area(1mm and 3mm)(<i>P</i>>0.05). In the all patients, the vessel density with a higher degree in the optic disc was higher(<i>t</i>=2.36, <i>P</i>=0.022).The vessel density of eyes with a higher degree in the superior nasal square(SN)was lower(<i>t</i>=-2.154, <i>P</i>=0.036). Refractive state, superficial and deep vessel density of foveal, deep parafoveal vessel density, retinal thinkness of foveal and parafoveal were correlated with the optic axis(<i>r</i>=-0.897, 0.458, 0.446, -0.328, 0.301, -0.397, <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the superficial and deep vessel density in 3mm×3mm macular area of the Patients with ametropia as well as retinal thickness. The binocular vessel density in the optic disc and the SN square were difference, and there was nodegree eye of refractive error difference in the residual papillary area. The axial length is related to the refractive state, the vessel density in the superficial and deep fovea of the macula, the vessel density in the deep parafovea of the macula, the retinal thickness in the fovea and the parafovea of the macula.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1022-1026, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876804

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the differences of binocular vessel density and retinal thickness in patients with anisometropia, including refractive index, axial length, vessel density in 3 mm×3 mm macular area and peripapillary area, nerve fiber thickness of 3mm×3mm macular area. And to study the relationship between axial length and vessel density, as well as retinal thickness, analyze its clinical significance in the occurrence and development of anisometropia.<p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 27 patients with anisometropia in our hospital. All the patients received the examinations including binocular diopter, intraocular pressure, axial length, vessel density in 3mm×3mm macular area and peripapillary area, retinal thickness in macular area. SPSS 23.0 and paired <i>t</i>-test was used to analyze and compare the differences. <p>RESULTS: In all 27 patients, the refractive index and axial length of the one with a higher degree were greater than that of the low eye(<i>t</i>=-3.559, 3.083, <i>P</i><0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in superficial vessel density, deep vessel density, and retinal thickness in the macular area(1mm and 3mm)(<i>P</i>>0.05). In the all patients, the vessel density with a higher degree in the optic disc was higher(<i>t</i>=2.36, <i>P</i>=0.022).The vessel density of eyes with a higher degree in the superior nasal square(SN)was lower(<i>t</i>=-2.154, <i>P</i>=0.036). Refractive state, superficial and deep vessel density of foveal, deep parafoveal vessel density, retinal thinkness of foveal and parafoveal were correlated with the optic axis(<i>r</i>=-0.897, 0.458, 0.446, -0.328, 0.301, -0.397, <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the superficial and deep vessel density in 3mm×3mm macular area of the Patients with ametropia as well as retinal thickness. The binocular vessel density in the optic disc and the SN square were difference, and there was nodegree eye of refractive error difference in the residual papillary area. The axial length is related to the refractive state, the vessel density in the superficial and deep fovea of the macula, the vessel density in the deep parafovea of the macula, the retinal thickness in the fovea and the parafovea of the macula.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1154, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of milk intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cause-specific mortality remained controversial and evidence among the Chinese population was limited. We aimed to study the relationship between milk intake and CVDs among general Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 104,957 participants received questionnaire survey. Results of physical examination such as anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests during 2007 to 2008, demographic data and their information on milk intake were collected through standardized questionnaires. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of CVD incidence, cause-specific mortality and all-cause mortality related to milk intake. Restricted cubic splines (RCSs) were applied to examine dose-response associations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 91,757 participants with a median follow-up period of 5.8 years, we documented 3877 CVD cases and 4091 all-cause deaths. Compared with participants who never consumed milk, the multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of CVD incidence for 1 to 150 g/day, 151 to 299 g/day, and ≥300 g/day were 0.94 (0.86-1.03) (P > 0.05), 0.77 (0.66-0.89) (P < 0.05), and 0.59 (0.40-0.89) (P < 0.05), respectively; each 100 g increase of daily milk intake was associated with 11% lower risk of CVD incidence (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85-0.94; P < 0.001), and 11% lower risk of CVD mortality (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.97; P = 0.008) after adjustment for age, sex, residential area, geographic region, education level, family history of CVD, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity level, body mass index, and healthy diet status (ideal or not). RCS analyses also showed a linear dose-response relationship with CVD (P for overall significance of the curve <0.001; P for non-linearity = 0.979; P for linearity <0.001) and stroke (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.010; P for non-linearity = 0.998; P for linearity = 0.002) incidence, and CVD mortality (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.045; P for non-linearity = 0.768; P for linearity = 0.014) within the current range of daily milk intake.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Daily milk intake was associated with lower risk of CVD incidence and mortality in a linear inverse relationship. The findings provide new evidence for dietary recommendations in CVD prevention among Chinese adults and people with similar dietary pattern in other countries.

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