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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935813

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a high performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of 2-thioxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA) in urine. Methods: After acidification with hydrochloric acid, TTCA in urine was first extracted by ethyl acetate with excessive sodium chloride, then gradient separated by a symmetry C18 column and then detected by a diode array detector. The quantification was based on a working curve of external standard method. Results: The linear relationship of TTCA in urine was good in the range of 0.03-10.00 mg/L, and the correlation coefficient was 0.9999. The detection limit and minimum quantitative concentration of TTCA in urine were 0.008 mg/L and 0.027 mg/L. The intra-assay precision of the method was 0.9%-1.4%, the inter-assay precision was 1.3%-3.5%, and the average recovery was 85.0%-92.7% while the concentrations of TTCA in urine was 0.8, 2.0 and 8.0 mg/L, respectively (n=6) . Conclusion: The gradient elution high performance liquid chromatography method has simple operation and high sensitivity, and it is suitable for the determination of TTCA on a low level in urine for occupational workers exposure to carbon disulfide.


Subject(s)
Carbon Disulfide , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Humans , Thiazoles/urine , Thiazolidines , Thiones
2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and treatment of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in Hubei Province. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 474 patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in 62 hospitals in 15 cities (state) of Hubei Province in 2019 were collected in the form of network database. There were 4 749 males and 2 725 females. The median age of the patients was 62 years (range: 17 to 96 years). The hemoglobin value of the first time in hospital and the first day after operation was used as the criterion of preoperative anemia and postoperative anemia. Anemia was defined as male hemoglobin <120 g/L and female hemoglobin <110.0 g/L, mild anemia as 90 to normal, moderate anemia as 60 to <90 g/L, severe anemia as <60 g/L. The t test and χ2 test were used for inter-group comparison. Results: The overall incidence of preoperative anemia was 38.60%(2 885/7 474), and the incidences of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 25.09%(1 875/7 474), 11.37%(850/7 474) and 2.14%(160/7 474), respectively. The overall incidence of postoperative anemia was 61.40%(4 589/7 474). The incidence of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 48.73%(3 642/7 474), 12.20%(912/7 474) and 0.47%(35/7 474), respectively. The proportion of preoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 26.86% (775/2 885), and the proportion of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 14.93% (685/4 589). The proportions of preoperative anemia patients in grade ⅢA, grade ⅢB, and grade ⅡA hospitals receiving treatment were 26.12% (649/2 485), 32.32% (85/263), and 29.93% (41/137), and the proportions of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment were 14.61% (592/4 052), 22.05% (73/331), and 9.71% (20/206). The proportion of intraoperative blood transfusion (16.74% (483/2 885) vs. 3.05% (140/4 589), χ²=434.555, P<0.01) and the incidence of postoperative complications (17.78% (513/2 885) vs. 14.08% (646/4 589), χ²=18.553, P<0.01) in the preoperative anemia group were higher than those in the non-anemia group, and the postoperative hospital stay in the preoperative anemia group was longer than that in the non-anemia group ((14.1±7.3) days vs. (13.3±6.2) days, t=5.202, P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms is high. Preoperative anemia can increase the demand for intraoperative blood transfusion and affect the short-term prognosis of patients. At present, the concept of standardized treatment of perioperative anemia among gastrointestinal surgeons in Hubei Province needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia/epidemiology , Blood Transfusion , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 189-194, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935369

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Ejina banner, Inner Mongolia, in October 2021 and provide evidence for the improvement of COVID-19 prevention and control. Methods: The information about the time, area and population distributions of COVID-19 cases in Ejina before November 13, 2021 and the gene sequencing result of the isolates were collected for a statistical descriptive analysis. Results: The first COVID-19 case in Ejina occurred on 7 October, 2021. A total of 164 COVID-19 cases were reported from October 19 to November 12. Most cases were distributed in 6 communities in Darahub (156 cases, 95.12%). The result of full gene sequencing of the isolates indicted that the pathogen was Delta variant (B.1.617.2). The male to female ratio of the cases was 1.3∶1. The age of cases ranged from 1 to 85 years, and the cases aged 20-59 years accounted for 78.66%. The main clinical symptoms were sore throat (91 cases, 91.92%), cough (49 cases, 49.49%) and fever (23 cases, 23.23%). Most cases were ordinary ones (81 cases, 49.39%) and mild ones (68 cases, 41.46%). The cases were mainly detected at the isolation points (84 cases, 51.22%) and through population based nucleic acid testing (62 cases, 37.80%). The basic reproduction number (R0) of COVID-19 was 5.3, the average incubation period was 3.9 days. The local government rapidly started Ⅳ level emergency response and conducted 10 rounds of nucleic acid tests. The transferring of travelers reduced the risk for the further spread of COVID-19 in Ejina. Conclusions: The epidemic of COVID-19 in Ejina characterized by strong transmission, short incubation period, herd susceptibility and case clustering. Delta variant (B.1.617.2) was the pathogen, which might be imported from Zeke port. Comprehensive prevention and control measures, such as closed-loop management and vaccination, should be continued. The successful transferring of the patients and travelers provided evidence for the effective and precise prevention and control of COVID-19 in a routine manner.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Epidemics , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase-1(PARP-1) inhibitor fluzoparib on proliferation, apoptosis and migration of pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells.Methods:PANC1 cells cultured in conventional culture medium were used as control group, and PANC1 cells cultured in the medium containing fluzoparib were used as fluzoparib group. The effects of fluzoparib with different concentrations on the proliferation of PANC1 cells were detected by CCK8 method, and the half inhibitory concentration (IC 50) of fluzoparib on PANC1 cells was calculated. The effect of fluzoparib on apoptosis and cell cycle of PANC1 cells was detected by flow cytometry, and the migration ability of PANC1 cells was detected by cell scratch test and Transwell chamber. Results:Compared with control group, with the increase of fluzoparib concentration and the prolongation of the action time, the cell proliferation activity of PANC1 in fluzoparib group was significantly decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P values <0.05). IC 50 of fluzoparib on PANC1 cells cultured for 24 h was 0.03 mmol/L. After 24 h culture, the IC 50 apoptosis rate of fluzoparib group was (32.19±2.48)%, and the apoptosis rate of control group was (21.99±6.30)%. The former was greatly higher than the latter, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The proportion of cells in G 2/M phase was (16.28±0.62)% in the fluzoparib group and (11.64±0.88)% in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The migration rates of PANC1 cells in IC 50 fluzoparib group in 12 h and 24 h culture were (2.59±1.46)% and (19.76±7.84)%; and those in control group were (27.08±2.17)% and (45.92±3.61)%, respectively. The number of transmembrane cells was (348±19) cells/10 visual field in the fluzoparib group and (587±14) cells/10 visual field in the control group. The migration ability of PANC1 cells in fluzoparib group was significantly lower than that in control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Fluzoparib can inhibit the proliferation and migration of PANC1 cells and promote the apoptosis of PANC1 in vitro, which may be an effective drug for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939828

ABSTRACT

Superchilling is an emerging technology for meat preservation; however, the temperature changes during the process have been commonly ignored. Thus, the effects of temperature fluctuations on meat quality during superchilling are yet to be evaluated. In our study, pork loins and salmon fillets were stored for several days (0, 8, 15, 23, and 30 d) under different temperature fluctuations based on -3.5 ℃ as the target temperature. The results showed that after 15 d of superchilling storage, the values of total volatile basic nitrogen, total viable count, and lipid oxidation were significantly (P<0.05) altered in the ±2.0 ℃ fluctuation group compared with the constant temperature group. On the contrary, there was no significant difference in these parameters between the ±1.0 ℃ fluctuation group and the constant temperature group after 30 d of storage. In addition, irregular temperature changes significantly accelerated the modulation of various indicators. In brief, temperature fluctuations and irregular temperature changes accelerated the destruction of muscle structural integrity, increased the water loss, gradually widened the water loss channels, and thereby reduced the edibility by accelerating the spoilage of meat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lipid Metabolism , Pork Meat , Red Meat , Salmon , Swine , Temperature
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 62-66, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928510

ABSTRACT

For infertility treatment, the selection of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is decided by multiplying indicators (including fallopian tube factors, semen count, and semen motility), except for sperm morphology. In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis, from implantation to birth, over a period of 5 years. A total of 1873 couples with primary or secondary fallopian tube factors and an increased defective sperm morphology rate (DSMR) were divided into different groups to receive IVF or ICSI cycles. By comparing the outcomes, we found that the F1 group (DSMR <96%, IVF group 1) had higher cleavage rate, biochemical pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate than the F3 group (DSMR >98%, IVF group 3; P < 0.05). In contrast, there was no significant difference in the ICSI subgroups. Furthermore, a comparison of the outcomes between IVF and ICSI showed that the S3 group (DSMR >98%, ICSI group 3) had higher cleavage rate (P < 0.001), biochemical pregnancy rate (P < 0.05), clinical pregnancy rate (P < 0.05) and live birth rate (P < 0.05) than the F3 group. However, the ICSI subgroup had a lower two pronuclei fertilization rate than the IVF subgroup (P < 0.05). Our data suggest that the sperm morphology should also be considered when selecting IVF or ICSI combined with other semen parameters before the first assisted reproductive technologies (ART) cycle, especially for males with severe sperm defects.


Subject(s)
Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923780

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the morphological characteristics of Dermatophagoides farinae at different developmental stages. Methods The cultured D. farinae was isolated, and the external morphological features of mites at various developmental stages were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), including egg, larva, nymph and adult stages. Results The D. farinae egg appeared a long oval shape, and the larval mites had three pairs of legs. The nymph had four pairs of legs and underdeveloped genital pores containing genital setae and anal setae, and adult mites appeared long and oval in shape, with decorative patterns on epidermis, and had four pairs of legs. In male adult mites, remarkable thickening of the leg I and thicker and longer leg III than the leg IV were seen, and ventral genital regions were found between the basal segments of legs III and IV; the anus was surrounded by a circular peri-anal ring, with a pair of anal suckers and anal setae within the ring. In the female adult mites, slender legs III and IV with an equal length were seen, and a “λ-shape” genital hole was observed on the ventral surface, with a crescent-like genital plate in the anterior part, and the anus appeared a longitudinal slit. Conclusions An SEM observation of the external morphology of D. farinae provides understandings of the morphological characteristics of D. farinae, which is of great significance for the classification and identification.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the intervention effect of systemic nutrition combined with rhythmic exercise on diabetes and cardiovascular complication risk. Methods Sixty subjects with diabetes history (≥3 years) were selected to receive the combined intervention of systemic nutrition and rhythmic exercise every day for 60 days. Before and after the intervention, the bioelectric body scanning, arteriosclerosis detection, diabetes risk assessment and other techniques were used to examine the 60 participants. Results The blood glucose and blood lipid levels, the activity value of relevant organs, and cardiovascular complications risk related indicators of most subjects after intervention were significantly improved compare with those before intervention. Conclusion The combination of systemic nutrition and rhythmic exercise demonstrates significant effects on improving glucose metabolic level and reducing cardiovascular complication risks in people with abnormal glucose metabolism.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2216-2223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936583

ABSTRACT

Lu Dangshen is the geoherb in Shanxi Province. The content of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides (CPP) in Lu Dangshen is more than that in other Codonopsis Radix from other regions. Glycosyltransferase is the key enzyme for the synthesis of bioactive components, such as CPP and tangshenoside I. Based on the transcriptome data of C. pilosula [Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.] from different producing areas, this study carried out functional annotation of GO and KEGG, conservative domain analysis, phylogenetic tree analysis and expression pattern analysis of glycosyltransferase genes in C. pilosula to provides a theoretical basis for exploring the mechanism of genuineness formation in Lu Dangshen. In this study, 98 glycosyltransferase genes were screened and identified, which belonged to GT family 1, GT family 2, GT family 90 and other families. By GO functional annotation, it was found that most of the glycosyltransferase genes had catalytic activity. Analysis of KEGG functional annotation showed that C. pilosula glycosyltransferase was mainly involved in glycan organism and terpenoid and polyketone metabolism. Among them, conserved domain of 42 glycosyltransferase genes in GT family 1 was [X]-W-[2X]-Q-[3X]-[LH]-[5X]-[FLTHCGWNS]-[2X]-E-[4X]-[GVP]-[4X]-P-[4X]-Q-[2X]-[NAK]. Phylogenetic tree analysis based on the glycosyltransferase sequence in Arabidopsis thaliana showed that C. pilosula glycosyltransferases were mainly located in Arabidopsis thaliana UGT73, 72 and 85 branches. Gene expression pattern analysis showed that expression of CpUGT73AH2 was higher in Lu Dangshen than that in Baitiaodang and could respond to drought and low temperature stress. In conclusion, a glycosyltransferase gene CpUGT73AH2, which is involved in the metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides and can respond to environmental stress, was screened from the C. pilosula glycosyltransferase family 1, which was used to further study the role of C. pilosula glycosyltransferase in Lu Dangshen. It laid a theoretical foundation for further study on the role of C. pilosula glycosyltransferase in the formation of Lu Dangshen.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936261

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether pre-lingual deafness adult caused by inadequate auditory compensation in childhood can benefit from cochlear implants and the related influencing factors. Methods: A total of 26 prelingual deafness as experimental group [11 males and 15 females, the age of operation was (24.5±5.7) years] and 13 postlingual deafness as control group [5 males and 8 females, the age at the time of operation was (42.2±11.4) years] were recruited. Objective assessment included hearing threshold and speech recognition rate tests while wearing cochlear implants. Subjective assessment used Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire to assess hearing-related quality of life of subjects. The changes of hearing ability in the prelingual deafness group before and after operation and the differences with the postlingual deafness group were compared, and the correlation between speech recognition ability and the age diagnosed as severe or profound deafness, the age of hearing aid invalid, and duration of wearing cochlear implant were analyzed as factor indicators. All statistical results were analyzed by SAS 9.4 software. Results: In terms of objective indicators, the speech recognition rate of pre-lingual deafness was significantly lower than that of post-lingual deafness [(35.4±28.0)% vs (80.9±8.0)%,t=7.67, P<0.001], while there was no statistical difference in hearing threshold between the two groups [(34.8±4.0) dB HL vs (33.1±3.7) dB HL, t=1.30, P>0.05]. The indicators in the subjective questionnaire showed that the prelingual deafness group was only weaker in advanced sound perception, confidence and total mean score than the post-lingual deafness group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in other aspects(P>0.05), meanwhile, all indicators of the prelingual deafness group were significantly improved compared with the preoperative level (P<0.001). There was a moderate positive correlation between the hearing quality and the speech recognition rate in the prelingual deafness group(r=0.51, P=0.008). The regression analysis showed that the invalid age of hearing aid was the exact influencing factor of speech recognition rate. Conclusions: Certain prelingual deaf adults can adapt to cochlear implants and obtain different degrees of auditory assistance. Compared with the improvement of objective auditory ability assessment, the patient who received cochlear implantation gain more improvement in auditory related quality of life subjectively. The ineffective age of preoperative hearing aid is an important factor, which needs to be aroused sufficient preoperative attention.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cochlear Implantation/methods , Cochlear Implants , Deafness/rehabilitation , Female , Humans , Male , Quality of Life , Speech Perception , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904621

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the impact of water pollutants, water levels and meteorological factors on the Oncomelania hupensis density in Eastern Dongting Lake regions, so as to provide insights into schistosomiasis control. Methods O. hupensis snails were surveyed using a systematic sampling method in snail-infested marshlands in Eastern Dongting Lake regions from 2007 to 2014, and data pertaining to water pollutants, water levels and meteorological factors were collected. The duration of submergence and the date of the start of submergence were calculated. The snail density and its influencing factors were descriptively analyzed, and a linear mixed model was generated to examine the impacts of variables on the snail density. In addition, smooth curves were fitted to investigate the relationship between snail density and variables. Results The snail density appeared a fluctuation in Eastern Dongting Lake regions during the period from 2007 to 2014, with the highest density on October, 2010 (52.79 snails/0.1 m2) and the lowest density on January 2009 (2.15 snails/0.1 m2). Linear mixed-model analysis showed that permanganate index, total phosphorus and the date of the start of submergence affected the snail density (t = 6.386, −2.920 and −3.892, all P values < 0.01). Smooth curve analysis revealed that the associations of the snail density with the permanganate index and total phosphorus appeared an approximately quadratic curve. After the end of April, the earlier date of the start of submergence resulted in a higher snail density. Conclusion Permenganate index, total phosphorus and the date of the start of submergence affect the O. hupensis snail density in Eastern Dongting Lake regions.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1967-1971, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922233

ABSTRACT

Thalidomide and its derivatives have been used in the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) because of their anti-angiogenic and immunomodulatory effects. In recent years, some studies have found that thalidomide and its derivatives not only showed significant efficacy in lower-risk MDS patients with del (5q), but also showed advantages in non-del (5q) MDS patients. In addition, the discovery of its molecular targets and new substrates makes it possible to develop a new generation of immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) and to design IMiDs-based proteolysis-targeting chimeras. In this review, the new progress in mechanism and clinical application of thalidomide and its derivatives were summarized briefly, so as to provide a more scientific, reasonable and effective scheme to the treatment of MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunomodulating Agents , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Thalidomide/therapeutic use
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921817

ABSTRACT

Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules are composed of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Dendrobii Caulis, Astragali Radix, Scrophulariae Radix, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and are effective in promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, supplementing Qi, and nourishing Yin. It is widely used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. With 40 years of clinical application, it has accumulated substantial research data and application experience. Its good clinical efficacy and pharmacoeconomic benefits in improving the clinical symptoms of peripheral vascular diseases have been confirmed by relevant research. Meanwhile, this drug has also been recommended by many expert consensus, guidelines, and teaching materials, serving as one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines in clinical practice. To further improve the understanding of the drug among clinicians and properly guide its clinical medication, the China Association of Chinese Medicine took the lead and organized experts to jointly formulate this expert consensus. Based on the questionnaire survey of clinicians and the systematic review of research literature on Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules with clinical problems in the PICO framework, the consensus, combined with expert experience, concludes recommendations or consensus suggestions by GRADE system with the optimal evidence available through the nominal group technique. This consensus defines the indications, usage, dosage, course of treatment, medication time, combined medication, and precautions of Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases, and explains the safety of its clinical application. It is recommended for clinicians and pharmacists in the peripheral vascular department(vascular surgery), traditional Chinese medicine surgery(general surgery), and endocrinology department of hospitals at all levels in China.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Tablets
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4056-4065, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921486

ABSTRACT

Photorhabdus is a Gram-negative bacterium from the family Enterobacteriaceae that lives in a symbiotic association with nematode or insects. In addition to the role of being insect pathogens, one species called Photorhabdus asymbiotica (Pa) causes human infection around the world. Nevertheless, how does this transkingdom infection occur remains elusive. Here we focus on one pathogenic determinant called Photorhabdus virulence cassette (PVC) that is founded in the Pa genome and many other pathogens. The RNA-seq and qPCR data showed that the NF-κB and MAPK pathways were drastically activated in the PVC-treated mammalian macrophages. Western blotting assays using samples treated with various inhibitors of the affected pathways confirmed the results we have observed for MAPK pathway previously. p65 translocation assays validated the NF-κB activation in the macrophages after PVC treatment. Moreover, the bacterial phagocytosis by macrophage was also promoted by PVC at the early stage, and this phagocytosis was inhibited by cytoskeleton inhibitors. Thus, the results indicated that PVC is involved in the bacterial invasion by activating NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathway, providing a new perspective for analyzing the pathogenicity of Pa in human infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Macrophages , NF-kappa B/genetics , Photorhabdus , Signal Transduction , Virulence
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 365-371, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880282

ABSTRACT

Multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) refers to lung cancer in which two or more primary lesions occurred simultaneously or successively in different parts of the same patient's lungs. The diagnosis interval is 6 months. MPLC is divided into synchronous MPLC (sMPLC) and metachronous MPLC (mMPLC). sMPLC and intrapulmonary metastasis (IM) are different in treatment strategies and prognosis. However, there are many controversies about the distinction between the two in clinical practice. This article summarizes the current main methods of diagnosing MPLC, and focuses on the latest research progress in distinguishing MPLC from IM. It aims to provide a theoretical basis for accurate diagnosis and treatment of patients with multifocal lung cancer.
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16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880073

ABSTRACT

In recent years, it is found that the classical IKKα and IKKβ pathway were closely relates with hematological tumors, except the classical pathogenesis, moreover the classical IKKβ pathway is deeply studied. The studies indicated that the IKKβis activated to phosphorylate the NF-κB through multiple cascades under the effect of extracellular IL-6, TNF-α and other stimulating factors. At the cellular level, the classical IKKβcan promote the tumor cell survival and proliferation, reduce the cell apoptosis, and promote the angiogenesis and cell transfer. Although the classical IKKα plays a role in regulating IKKβ activity, but its role in non-classical pathway is more prominent. This review briefly summarizes the latest advance of researches on the pathogenesis of hematological malignancies in term of IKKα and IKKβpathway, so as to provide the theoretic basis for deeply understanding and studying the pathogenesis of hematologic tumors. At present, blocking the classical IKKα and IKKβ pathway has become a new target for treatment of hematological tumors, moreover, some specific inhibitor for IKKα and IKKβpathway have been developed, for example, LY2409881, BMS 345541 and so on. Most of these drugs are in clinical trials and display some good anti-tumor effects.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate specific technique and clinical effects of closed folding top consolidation maneuver combined with splint fixation maneuver for consolidation and cedar bark external fixation splint for the treatment of double fractures of distal ulna and radius in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 17 children with double fractures of distal ulna and radius were treated with closed folded apex consolidation maneuver, including 13 males and 4 females, aged from 4 to 11 years old with an average of (7.29±2.34) years old. The fractures were fixed with cedar bark splint and followed up for 6 months, and alignment of fracture was evaluated according to the latest X-rays by follow up, and function of the affected limbs was evaluated by Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen of 17 children were successfully reset immediately, and 2 children were successfully reset again. The average fixed time was (25.00±3.35) days. At 6 months of follow up, 12 patients got excellent results, 3 good, 2 fair, and 0 poor according to Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria. The position of all children were larger than 3/4, and 10 children were received anatomical reduction, alignment of 4 children was less than 10°, 3 children was less than 15°. No complications such as fracture displacement, nonunion, compartment syndrome, and forearm rotation dysfunction occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#Restoration of distal radius double fracture in children with the combination of the closed folding and top fixation maneuver and splint fixation maneuver has advantages of higher success rate, lower complications, which could reduce operating difficultyand pain of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Radius , Radius Fractures/therapy , Splints , Treatment Outcome , Ulna , Ulna Fractures
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and changing trend of canine echinococcosis in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide the scientific evidence for prevention and control of canine echinococcosis in high-risk areas of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods All data pertaining to Echinococcus infections in canine feces and sampling survey of human echinococcosis were collected from the echinococcosis-endemic foci of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was investigated in dogs and humans. In addition, the spatial distribution characteristics and clusters of canine echinococcoses were identified. Results A total of 164 139 canine fecal samples were detected in the echinococcosis-endemic foci of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, and there were 2 136 fecal samples positive for Echinococcus coproantigens. The positive rates of Echinococcus coproantigens were 0.54% to 1.73% in dogs from 2012 to 2018, with a tendency towards a decline seen in the prevalence of Echinococcus infections in dogs (χ2 = 108.83, P < 0.01), and there was a significant difference in the positive rate of Echinococcus coproantigens in dogs among years (χ2 = 155.27, P < 0.01). Three-dimensional trend analysis showed that canine echinococcosis was mainly concentrated in east of central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and a high prevalence was detected in New Barag Right Banner and Sonid Right Banner. The global spatial distribution of canine echinococcosis appeared a random pattern in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018 (Moran’s I > 0, P > 0.05), and there were “high-high” and “high-low” clusters of canine echinococcosis in local areas. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was 0.08%, and there was a significant difference in the prevalence among regions (χ2 = 147.61, P < 0.01), with a high prevalence seen in West Ujimqin Banner, Jarud Banner and New Barag Right Banner. In addition, the prevalence of human echinococcosis correlated positively with the Echinococcus coproantigen-positive rate in dogs (r = 0.52, P < 0.01). Conclusions The prevalence of Echinococcus infections shows an overall tendency towards a decline in dogs in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, with a high prevalence found in New Barag Right Banner and Sonid Right Banner. Human echinococcosis is concentrated in clusters of canine echinococcosis, where health education and targeted control interventions requires to be intensified.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873581

ABSTRACT

@#An analytical method was developed for the determination of five carbohydrate impurities in amino acid drug substances by high performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD). Sugar impurities in the amino acid sample were separated and enriched by cation exchange resin. A Lichropher NH2 column (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm) was used for chromatographic separation, and a gradient elution was performed using acetonitrile-water as mobile phase. The drift tube temperature was 40 oC, the gain value was 8, and nitrogen (350 kPa) was auxiliary gas. Method validation results showed that the limits of detection for fructose, glucose, sucrose, maltose and lactose were in the range of 20.8-75.0 mg/kg and that the limits of quantitation were in the range of 96.2-238.8 mg/kg. Good linear relationship (r ≥ 0.999) were in the linear range for the five sugars, and the recoveries ranged from 84.9%-107.8%. With easy operation, high sensitivity, good precision and reliable accuracy, the method can be used for analysis of residual sugar impurities in amino acid drug bulk drug.

20.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 376-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881520

ABSTRACT

Objective At present, the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) pandemic is still raging in certain regions around the globe, and the prevention and control of the pandemic should be strengthened. Under the challenges of respective social environment and allocation of medical resources, and support from the inertia and inherent productivity of the system on which the industry depends, extensive attempts are being delivered to push forward the work of organ donation and transplantation in each country. Under the guidance of national experts and committee members, Shanxi Provincial Human Organ Procurement and Allocation Service Center was established on August 28, 2018 approved by the former Shanxi Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission. It is the only independent non-profit medical institution in Shanxi Province. In this article, the system construction of citizen's organ donation and transplantation fitting national and provincial conditions was further explored according to the data analysis of organ donation and transplantation in the United States and Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic combined with the implementation of organ donation work in Shanxi Provincial Human Organ Procurement and Allocation Service Center.

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