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1.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 352-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between the width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth, the width/height ratios of maxillary central incisor and the esthetic proportions among individual normal occlusion, and to provide reference for the esthetic design of anterior teeth. Methods: A total of 300 Shanxi Medical University students who were residents from Shanxi province with normal occlusion (110 males, 190 females, aged 18-30 years) were recruited in this study from October 2020 to March 2021. Standardized digital photographs of the maxillary anterior tooth in natural head position were obtained, the perceived width of the maxillary anterior teeth (maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines) on the left and right sides and height of maxillary central incisor were measured on the standardized digital photographs, then the width ratios of adjacent maxillary anterior teeth including the lateral incisor/central incisor width ratio (LI∶CI), the canine/lateral incisor width ratio (C∶LI), and the width/height ratios (W/H ratio) of the maxillary central incisor were calculated. The independent sample t test was used to compare the sex differences of each measurement project, Single sample t test was used to compare the difference of adjacent maxillary anterior teeth width ratios with golden proportion (0.618 and 0.618), Preston proportion (0.66 and 0.84), the recurring esthetic dental (RED) proportion (0.70 and 0.70). The percentage of anterior tooth width/intercanine width was calculated, the number and proportion of teeth conforming to golden percentage (25%, 15%, 10%)±1% or modified golden percentage (22.5%, 15.0%, 12.5%)±1% were calculated. The number and proportion of width/height ratio of maxillary central incisor ranged from 0.75 to 0.85 was counted. Results: The widths of maxillary central incisor, lateral incisor and canine were (8.50±0.52), (6.23±0.53) and (5.18±0.55) mm, respectively, the corresponding tooth of male [(8.74±0.49), (6.37±0.52), (5.41±0.47) mm] was significantly higher than that of female [(8.37±0.50), (6.15±0.52), (5.04±0.54) mm] (t=6.40, 3.55, 6.23,P<0.05). The width ratio of maxillary lateral incisor/central incisor was 0.73±0.05, and there was no significant difference between genders (t=-1.06, P>0.05). The width ratio of canine/lateral incisor was 0.84±0.10, and it was significantly higher in male (0.85±0.10) than in female (0.82±0.10) (t=2.42, P<0.05). Two width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth were significantly different from golden proportion and the RED proportion (t=38.50, 35.74, 11.48, 22.20, P<0.05). The lateral incisor/central incisor was significantly different from that of Preston proportion (t=24.66, P<0.05), while the canine/lateral incisor was not significantly different from that of Preston proportion (t=-0.92, P>0.05). In this study, a total of 0% (0/600) of central incisors, 63.0% (378/600) of lateral incisors and 5.8% (35/600) of canines met the golden percentage±1%. There were 42.8% (257/600) of central incisors, 63.0% (378/600) of lateral incisors and 56.7% (340/600) of canines met the modified golden percentage±1%. The width/height ratio of maxillary central incisors was 0.86±0.08, and there was no significant difference between genders (t=-0.88, P>0.05). Only 36.3% (218/600) of the subjects in this study ranged from 0.75 to 0.85. Conclusions: Gender differences should be considered in the esthetic design of anterior teeth; for the width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth, the golden proportion, the RED proportion and golden percentage do not accord with the natural tooth morphological characteristics of Shanxi nationality college students in normal occlusion. Preston proportion and modified golden percentage are of more reference value. The width/height ratio of maxillary central incisors is different from 0.75-0.85.


Subject(s)
Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Esthetics, Dental , Female , Humans , Male , Maxilla/anatomy & histology , Odontometry , Students
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921807

ABSTRACT

The active ingredients of Ficus hirta and Hypericum perforatum were collected from Traditional Chinese Medicine Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and related papers. The potential targets of these two medicinal herbs were searched from HERB database, and those associated with microvascular angina were screened out from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), and HERB. Cytoscape was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the common targets shared by the two herbs and microvascular angina based on the data of String platform. Metascape was employed to identify the involved biological processes and pathways enriched with the common targets. Cytoscape was used to draw the "active ingredient-target-pathway" network. AutoDock Vina was used to dock the core ingredients with the key targets. A total of 19 potential active ingredients and 71 potential targets were identified to be associated with microvascular angina. Bioinformatics analysis showed that phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3 K-AKT), interleukin-17(IL17), hypoxia-inducible factor 1(HIF-1) and other signaling pathways were related to the treatment of microvascular angina by F. hirta and H. perforatum. Molecular docking results showed that β-sitosterol, luteolin and other ingredients had strong affinity with multiple targets including mitogen-associated protein kinase 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and so on. These findings indicated that F. hirta and H. perforatum may regulate PI3 K-AKT, IL17, HIF-1 and other signaling pathways by acting on multiple targets to alleviate oxidative stress, inhibit inflammatory response, regulate angiogenesis, and improve vascular endothelium and other functions. This study provides reference for in vitro and in vivo studies of the treatment of microvascular angina.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Ficus , Humans , Hypericum , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Microvascular Angina , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942577

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the differentially expressed genes in nasal epithelial cells from chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and to analyze related genes which are involved in deficiency of nasal epithelial barrier in CRSwNP patients by analyzing the datasets download from the gene expression omnibus(GEO) database. Methods: The mRNA expression microarray data numbered GSE107624 (7 CRSwNP and 7 controls) and GSE69093 (13 CRSwNP and 11 controls) were downloaded from the publicly available GEO database. These two datasets were jointly analyzed to screen the differentially expressed genes in nasal epithelial cells of controls and CRSwNP patients. In the meanwhile, we further evaluated the function annotation and regulatory pathways of the differentially expressed genes. To further confirmed what we have observed, sinus tissues were collected from patients with CRSwNP (14 cases, 46.8±17.9 years) and uncinate process tissues were collected from patients with nasal septum deviation (7 cases, 23.4±2.3 years) as control group. The primary epithelial cells of nasal mucosa were cultured and the mRNA level of screened genes were measured by Q-PCR. SPSS 22.0 software was used to for statistical analysis. Results: GSE107624 dataset showed that there were 3 856 differentially genes in nasal epithelial cells between CRSwNP and control group, while there were 771 differentially expressed genes in GSE69093 dataset. Finally, 55 up-regulated genes and 3 down-regulated genes were noticed in nasal epithelial cells of CRSwNP patients in the two datasets. GO gene functional annotation analysis showed that SPTBN1, FNBP1L, VAPB and SNX1 were involved in cell adhesion function, MAP1B was participated in the formation of microtubule related complex. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis indicated that BAMBI and SIAH1 were involved in regulation of Wnt pathway, COL6A1 and EIF4E were involved in the regulation of PI3K-AKT pathway. String protein interaction network analysis assumed that MAP1B and VAPB were the core functional proteins. Among top 3 differentially expressed genes COL6A1, MAP1B and BAMBI, only MAP1B gene was increased in nasal epithelial cells of CRSwNP patients in comparison to controls. Conclusion: The increased MAP1B gene in epithelial cells of CRSwNP, as well as abnormal regulation of Wnt and PI3K-AKT signal pathways may mediate the barrier dysfunction in CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Epithelial Cells , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Rhinitis/pathology
4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 472-485, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888731

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia conditioning could increase the survival of transplanted neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in rats with cerebral ischemia but could also hinder neuronal differentiation partly by suppressing mitochondrial metabolism. In this work, the mitochondrial metabolism of hypoxia-conditioned NPCs (hcNPCs) was upregulated via the additional administration of resveratrol, an herbal compound, to resolve the limitation of hypoxia conditioning on neuronal differentiation. Resveratrol was first applied during the in vitro neuronal differentiation of hcNPCs and concurrently promoted the differentiation, synaptogenesis, and functional development of neurons derived from hcNPCs and restored the mitochondrial metabolism. Furthermore, this herbal compound was used as an adjuvant during hcNPC transplantation in a photothrombotic stroke rat model. Resveratrol promoted neuronal differentiation and increased the long-term survival of transplanted hcNPCs. 18-fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and rotarod test showed that resveratrol and hcNPC transplantation synergistically improved the neurological and metabolic recovery of stroke rats. In conclusion, resveratrol promoted the neuronal differentiation and therapeutic efficiency of hcNPCs in stroke rats via restoring mitochondrial metabolism. This work suggested a novel approach to promote the clinical translation of NPC transplantation therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Cell Differentiation , Hypoxia , Neurons , Rats , Resveratrol/pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827962

ABSTRACT

Systematic evaluation of the effectiveness and safety of Xiaoer Xiaoji Zhike Oral Liqud combined with azithromycin in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children. Clinical literatures were retrieved from PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, VIP, CNKI, SinoMed, WanFang from inception to September 2019. Two reviewers independently screened out the literatures, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of the included studies. Then, Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 17 RCT were included, involving 1 712 patients. In this study, there were two subgroups by the application approach of azithromycin: oral azithromycin subgroup and intravenous azithromycin subgroup. According to Meta-analysis results, in terms of the alleviation of clinical symptoms and signs, such as shortening of antifebrile time, cough disappeared time, rales disappearance time, and lung X-ray infiltrating shadow disappearance time, Xiaoer Xiaoji Zhike Oral Liquid combined with oral azithromycin or intravenous azithromycin were better than single-dose azithromycin; in the aspect of the improvement of the overall effective rate, the two combination subgroups were better than the single-use azithromycin; In terms of the decline of IgM, the combination subgroups were also more efficient than the single-use azithromycin, with statistically significant differences. In terms of the incidence of adverse reactions, there was no significant difference between the two combination subgroups and the single-use azithromycin in children, and no serious adverse reactions were found. In inclusion, Xiaoer Xiaoji Zhike Oral Liquid combined with azithromycin can improve the clinical efficacy in treating pediatric mycoplasma pneumonia, with a high safety. Due to the limited quantity and quality of the included studies, more high-quality studies are needed to verify the above conclusion.


Subject(s)
Azithromycin , Child , Cough , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780458

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution and disease characteristics of influenza virus A in severe pneumonia cases in Nanchang city, so as to provide evidence for clinical prevention and treatment of severe pneumonia cases. Methods The respiratory samples and clinical case data of severe pneumonia cases were collected and the etiology and epidemiology were analyzed in Nanchang from April 2013 to March 2018. Results From April 2013 to March 2018, 261 case patients of severe pneumonia from 17 medical institutions in Nanchang were enrolled. 77 cases was detected as positive for influenza A virus nucleic acid, accounting for 29.50% of the total cases, as follow: 39 cases of A (H1N1pdm) influenza, 13 A (H3), 16 H7N9 and 3 H10N8 avian influenza. Cases were mainly concentrated in winter and spring (from December to May of next year, with median age 48 of years, including 48 males and 31 females. 21 cases of human infection with H7N9/H10N8 avian influenza were reported in Nanchang during 5 years, with the fatality rate of 33.33%. 90.48% (19/21) cases were detected by unexplained pneumonia surveillance system. The median age was 69 years, most of them had underlying diseases and a clear history of poultry contact. Conclusions Nearly 30% of the severe pneumonia cases in Nanchang city were infected with influenza A virus, among which influenza A (H1N1pdm) virus was the main epidemic strain. All deaths were caused by avian influenza virus infection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780457

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution and disease characteristics of influenza virus A in severe pneumonia cases in Nanchang city, so as to provide evidence for clinical prevention and treatment of severe pneumonia cases. Methods The respiratory samples and clinical case data of severe pneumonia cases were collected and the etiology and epidemiology were analyzed in Nanchang from April 2013 to March 2018. Results From April 2013 to March 2018, 261 case patients of severe pneumonia from 17 medical institutions in Nanchang were enrolled. 77 cases was detected as positive for influenza A virus nucleic acid, accounting for 29.50% of the total cases, as follow: 39 cases of A (H1N1pdm) influenza, 13 A (H3), 16 H7N9 and 3 H10N8 avian influenza. Cases were mainly concentrated in winter and spring (from December to May of next year, with median age 48 of years, including 48 males and 31 females. 21 cases of human infection with H7N9/H10N8 avian influenza were reported in Nanchang during 5 years, with the fatality rate of 33.33%. 90.48% (19/21) cases were detected by unexplained pneumonia surveillance system. The median age was 69 years, most of them had underlying diseases and a clear history of poultry contact. Conclusions Nearly 30% of the severe pneumonia cases in Nanchang city were infected with influenza A virus, among which influenza A (H1N1pdm) virus was the main epidemic strain. All deaths were caused by avian influenza virus infection.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 415-423, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777172

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Wnt5a on the vincristine (VCR) resistance in human ovarian carcinoma SKOV3 cells and its possible mechanism. The drug-resistant SKOV3/VCR cells were established by stepwise exposure to VCR, and then the SKOV3/VCR cells were stably transfected with specific shRNA interference plasmid vector targeting for Wnt5a. The mRNA expression level of Wnt5a was measured by RT-PCR. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell viability of SKOV3/VCR cells. The apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of Wnt5a, MDR1, Survivin, β-catenin, Akt, p-Akt(S473), GSK3β and p-GSK3β(Ser9) were detected by Western blot. The result showed that SKOV3/VCR cells had significantly higher protein expression levels of Wnt5a, MDR1, Survivin and β-catenin, phosphorylation levels of Akt and GSK3β, and mRNA expression level of Wnt5a, compared with SKOV3 cells (P < 0.05). WNT5A gene silencing significantly increased the sensitivity of SKOV3/VCR cells to VCR, the IC of VCR being decreased from 38.412 to 9.283 mg/L (P < 0.05), synergistically enhanced VCR-induced apoptosis of SKOV3/VCR cells (P < 0.05), down-regulated the protein expression levels of MDR1, β-catenin and Survivin (P < 0.05), and inhibited phosphorylation of Akt and GSK3β (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) decreased the protein expression levels of MDR1, β-catenin and Survivin, as well as the phosphorylation levels of Akt and GSK3β in SKOV3/VCR cells (P < 0.05). These results suggest that WNT5A gene silencing reverses VCR resistance in SKOV3/VCR cells possibly through blocking the PI3K/Akt/GSK3β/β-catenin signaling pathway, and thus down-regulating the protein expression levels of MDR1 and Survivin.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Female , Gene Silencing , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Metabolism , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms , Pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Survivin , Metabolism , Vincristine , Pharmacology , Wnt-5a Protein , Metabolism
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 238-242, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816804

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application value of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) in the diagnosis of penile vascular ED.@*METHODS@#Seventy-two ED patients underwent SMI and color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI), all ultrasonographically diagnosed with penile vascular ED. We compared SMI and CDFI in detecting the grades of blood flow in the cavernous artery and the lengths of time needed to obtain satisfactory blood flow spectrum from the patients.@*RESULTS@#SMI mainly revealed grades Ⅲ and Ⅳ blood flow, in 43 and 20 of the 72 patients (87.5%), while CDFI chiefly manifested grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ blood flow, in 26 and 32 cases respectively (80.6%). The former showed significantly better manifestations of the penile cavernous artery than the latter. It took less time to obtain the spectrums of grades Ⅲ and Ⅳ blood flow ([1.52 ± 0.18] and [1.21 ± 0.11] min) than grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ ([5.23 ± 0.44] and [4.46 ± 0.65] min), and SIM took significantly less time than CDFI ([1.32 ± 0.42] vs [4.53 ± 0.67] min, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SMI is superior to CDFI in better manifesting the blood flow of the penile cavernous artery and shortening the examination time, and therefore deserves a wide application in the diagnosis of vascular ED.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735050

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlations between the FBN1 gene mutation types and the clinical phenotype . Methods 87 probands with Marfan or Marfan-like syndromes and their family members were enrolled in this study ( total 300 cases).The clinical manifestations of each patients involving the ocular, cardiovascular system, skeletal system and other im-plicated systems were collected and evaluated .According to the clinical manifestations , these patients were divided into two groups, namely aortic dissection group and aortic root aneurysm group.Blood samples were taken from patients and DNA se-quencing was performed on each patient by the genetic aortic disease gene Panel .The detected single nucleotide variants ( SNVs)/indel were interpreted according to the ACMG guidelines, and the pathogenic variation was confirmed through Sanger sequencing.The aortic wall tissue was obtained from MFS patients who underwent surgery .The correlations between genotypes and clinical phenotypes were further explored by comparing the aortic wall tissue histological specimens of each genotype pa-tient.Results A total of 92 FBN1 mutations(31%) were detected in 300 people with Marfan syndromes or Marfan-like syn-dromes, 18 of which were undiscovered mutations.There were 49 missense mutations(53.26%), 13 splicing mutations (14.13%), 17 frameshift mutations(18.48%), and 13 nonsense mutations(14.13%).In this cohort, 24 cases had aortic dissection and 25 cases were aortic root aneurysm.Statistical analysis revealed that patients with aortic dissection mostly ap-peared in frameshift mutations(29.17% vs.4.00%, P =0.017).However, patients with aortic root aneurysm mostly ap-peared in missense mutations(72.00% vs.37.50%, P =0.015), and accompanied with ectopia lentis(41.67% vs. 8.33%, P=0.008).Pathological specimens staining found that elastic fibers in the aortic wall of patients with frameshift mu-tations are sparser, and the smooth muscle cells are more deficient and more disorganized than patients with missense muta-tions.Conclusion FBN1 gene frameshift mutations result a lack of elastic fibers and disorganized smooth muscle cells in aor-tic wall and are presented more in patients with aortic dissection than aortic root aneurysm .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Application of neural stem cells (NSCs) is of great current interest in neuroscience, but NSCs origin is very limited. And they always differentiate into a large percentage of glial cells and small percentage of neurons in natural differentiation process, so researchers should take effective measures to promote NSCs differentiation into certain offsprings. Previous studies have shown that ginseng saponin ingredients, such as Rb1 and Rg1, have certain influence on NSCs differentiation, but it is unclear whether Rg3 plays a role on NSCs differentiation. OBJECTIVE:To preliminarily investigate the effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on mouse NSCs differentiation into neurons and astrocytes in vitro. METHODS: The fetal cortices of embryonic 14 days (E14) C57BL/6 mice were isolated for culturing primary NSCs. Then passaged NSCs were identified by their purity with NSCs specific antibodies, Nestin and Sox2, by immunofluorescence staining. NSCs were induced for 3 days in the differentiation medium containing ginsenoside Rg3 of different concentrations (blank control, 50 and 250 nmol/L). After that, immunofluorescence staining was used to identify differentiated neurons with neuronal specific antibody, Tuj1, and differentiated astrocytes with astrocyte specific antibody, GFAP. Then, we calculated and statistically analyzed Tuj1+/DAPI and GFAP+/DAPI percentages in the three different groups. Besides, real-time PCR assay was used to test Tuj1 and GFAP mRNA expression in the three groups after 3 days of differentiation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Primary and passaged NSCs were successfully cultured and almost of cells were positive for both Nestin and Sox2, so these high-purity NSCs could be used in the following experiments. Immunofluorescence staining and statistical analysis results showed that compared with the blank control and 250 nmol/L groups, 50 nmol/L group had an obviously increased neuronal percentage after 3 days differentiation (P < 0.01), while the blank control and 250 nmol/L groups had no significant difference (P > 0.05); compared with the blank control group, 50 and 250 nmol/L groups had significantly increased astrocyte percentages (P < 0.05), whereas there was no obvious difference between 50 and 250 nmol/L groups (P > 0.05). The results of real-time PCR assay were similar with the above immunofluorescence results. In conclusion, 50 nmol/L ginsenoside Rg3 can enhance mouse NSCs differentiation into neurons and astrocytes, while 250 nmol/L ginsenoside Rg3 can only promote mouse NSCs differentiation into astrocytes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711791

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the genetic mutation spectrum of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and analysis the correlation of genotype phenotype.Methods Collect peripheral venous blood of the 51 cases unrelated HCM patients(35 male and 16 female) in the Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University from 2013 to 2016.Sequence whole exons of human and analysis seven major mutations of HCM including:MYBPC3、MYH7 、TNNT2、TNNI3 、MYL2 、TPM1 and ACTC1.Then compare the results with clinical characteristics.Results 24 patients(47.1%) had 22 kinds of pathogenicity or possibly pathogenicity mutations.The 90.9% (20/22) of mutations only occurred one time,except MYH7 gene's 663 amino acid and the TNND gene's 157 amino acid which had twice.The mutations of MYBPC3,MYH7,TNNT2,TNNI3,MYL2,TPM1 and ACTC1 accounted for 45.8% (11/24),20.8% (5/24),12.5% (3/24),8.3% (2/24),8.3% (2/24),4.2% (1/24),and 0 respectively.No amphimutation had been found that causes illness or possibly.Through the comparison of clinical features between Genotype positive(24 cases) and negative(27 cases) patients:the incidence of syncope(19.6% vs.7.8%,P < 0.05),the largest left ventricular wall thickness[(22.8 ± 2.6) mm vs.(20.0 ± 3.4) mm,P < 0.05],family history of HCM(20.8% vs.0,P <0.05),percentage of apical hypertrophy(25.5% vs.11.8%,P < 0.05);The ratio of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in MYH7 group was higher than MYBPC3 group (80.0% vs.18.2%,P < 0.05).Conclusion MYBPC3 is the most common mutation gene in HCM patients.Phenotype is more severe in geuotype positive patients than in genotype negative patients.Relationship between specific gene mutations and clinical phenotype requires further study.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851815

ABSTRACT

With the increase of transgenic research literature in medicinal plants, detection and inspection of transgenic elements in medicinal drugs have been highly concerned. The aim of this study was to provide an approach for the detection of transgenic elements in medicinal materials, so as to provide the effective strategy for the transgenic supervision of medicinal plants and Chinese medicinal materials. The literatures involving transgenic research on 48 medicinal plants was retrieved from the two databases of CNKI and SCI from April 1993 to May 2016, which was used to establish a database of commonly used expression elements in transgenic medicinal plants. Totally 281 papers including 230 Chinese literatures and 51 English literatures were obtained, of which 40.4% of Chinese and 54.9% of English literatures were the researches with aim to establish transformation system. The results showed that commonly used promoter included P-35S, P-Ubi, P-GPD, and P-act, with P-35S having the highest frequency of 68.7%. Common marker genes included NPTII, HPT, Gent, Bar, and aadA, with NPTII giving the highest frequency of 37.4%. Common reporter genes were GUS and GFP, with GUS of the highest frequency of 35.2%. Common terminator included T-NOS, T-35S, and T-OCS, with T-NOS of the highest frequency of 58%. The combination “P-35S + T-NOS + NPTII + GUS” increased the screening rate to 86.1% for screening the transgenic elements used in medicinal plants. On this basis, the adding of HPT, Bar and GFP with certain frequency of use contributed to the screening rate of 91.5% in searching for transgenic elements. T-DNA border sequence can be used for the transgenic detection in the studies using homologous or endogenous promoters, marker genes, and terminators.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739389

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in China to treat allergic rhinitis (AR). However, several studies have produced conflicting data with regard to the efficacy of the medicine. Our aim was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to evaluate the relative efficacy of CHM. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed, Medline, and Springer electronic databases up to March 2017 for RCTs comparing the efficacy of CHM versus placebo for the treatment of patients with AR. Total nasal symptoms and quality of life were assessed through pooling mean difference (MD) with its 95% confidence interval (CI). Moreover, sensitivity and subgroup analyses according to control design and quality of life assessment were performed to evaluate the source of heterogeneity. RESULTS: Eleven RCTs were enrolled in the meta-analysis. Assessment of overall heterogeneity indicated significant heterogeneity among the individual studies (I 2=100%, P<0.00001), and thus ransomed effects model was used to pool data. CHM was found to significantly enhance quality of life compared with placebo (MD=-0.88, (95% CI: -1.55, -0.21); P=0.01). The symptom of itchy nose, sneezing or total nasal symptoms scores were not significantly improved after CHM treatment, although the improvement in itchy nose just failed to reach significance (MD=0.09, (95% CI: 0.00, 0.18); P=0.06). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that CHM appears to improve the quality of life of AR patients. However, these findings, as well as the findings for the effect of CHM on sneezing, total nasal symptoms, and the symptom of itchy nose, need to be substantiated in larger cohorts of AR patients by further well-designed studies.


Subject(s)
Asians , China , Cohort Studies , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Nose , Population Characteristics , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311342

ABSTRACT

Population-based cancer registration data were collected to estimate the cancer incidence and mortality in Wuwei, Hexi Corridor Region, China in 2018. We used the 2011-2013 data to predict the number of new cases and deaths in 2018 and the 2003-2013 data to analyze trends in cancer incidence and mortality. The goal is to enable cancer prevention and control directions. Our results indicated that stomach cancer is the most common cancer. For all cancers combined, the incidence and mortality rates showed significantly increasing trends (+2.63% per year; P < 0.05 and +1.9% per year; P < 0.05). This study revealed a significant cancer burden among the population of this area. Cancer screening and prevention should be performed after an epidemiological study of the cause of the cancer is completed.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Neoplasms , Classification , Epidemiology , Mortality , Population Surveillance , Registries , Rural Population , Urban Population
17.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1331-1335, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614662

ABSTRACT

Induced pluripotent stem cell is a landmark in the stem cell study field, which has rapidly developed in the past 10 years.By obtaining induced pluripotent stem cells from somatic cell, and then differentiating into cardiomyocyte, various cardiomyocyte disease models could be established,which can be used for research of disease mechanisms, drug screening and gene therapy.This review introduces the successfully established cardiomyocyte disease models from human induced pluripotent stem cells, and points out the problems and prospects.

18.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2015 Nov; 63(11): 825-831
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-178994

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To assess demographic and clinical characteristics of glaucoma patients in an Ophthalmologic Hospital of Jinan, China from 2003 to 2012. Materials and Methods: Medical charts of patients with primary open‑angle glaucoma (POAG), primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), and secondary glaucoma (SG) were reviewed. The main outcome measures of patients with glaucoma included basic demographic data (age at presentation, gender, and residence), clinical characteristics (admission date, intraocular pressure, and naked vision), and previous history (injury, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol consumption). Results: Data from 1458 glaucoma patients were reviewed, of which PACG and SG patients accounted for 45.40% and 47.19%, respectively. The average age of all patients with glaucoma increased from 56.05 years in 2003 to 57.83 years in 2012, and the proportion of patients from rural areas rose from 46.43% to 59.13% during 10‑year period. Female gender, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension were associated with PACG. POAG was related to smoking and alcohol consumption. There was positive correlation between SG and history of injury and diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: PACG and SG are the major types of glaucoma. Gender, injury, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol consumption were associated with different types of glaucoma.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304884

ABSTRACT

The effect of Qizhi Jiangtang vapsule (QJC) on degree of dermal ulcer cicatrization in 2 type diabetic rats was studied. Except the rats for blank group, other male Wistar rats were used to establish type 2 diabetic model by feeding with high sugar and high fat diet for four weeks and intraperitonally injecting with 30 mg•kg⁻¹ streptozotocin (STZ). After that, the rats were divided into balanced groups according to blood sugar, and received corresponding drugs for treatment for 8 weeks. At the end of week 8, 2 cm diameter circular incision was done on the back of rats. After that, the rats were administered continuously for10 days. Area of ulcer surface was detected every two days. After the last administration, wound granulation tissues were cut down to conduct pathological examination and detect the expression of VEGF, PI3K, p-ERK protein in wound tissues. The results showed that compared with the model group, after application of Qizhi Jiangtang capsule (2.24 g•kg⁻¹), the wound was significantly reduced on day 6 and day 10 of wound formation; inflammation reaction on ulcer surface was significantly reduce; Qizhi Jiangtang capsule can increase VEGF expression in the wound tissues of diabetic rats, and inhibit ERK phosphorylation. It can be concluded that Qizhi Jiangtang capsule can promote skin ulcer healing for diabetes rats, and its mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of VEGA and p-ERK proteins.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489050

ABSTRACT

Aortic dissection is a kind of fatal cardiovascular disease, and the apoptosis of aortic vascular smooth muscle plays an important role in aortic dissection.The new discovered Hippo-YAP signal transduction pathway is significant in regulation of the function of vascular smooth muscle, and it can cause many cardiovascular diseases.This paper aims to review the present studies of the mechanism of the apoptosis of aortic vascular smooth muscle and Hippo-YAP signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, especially the aortic dissection.

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