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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically assess the risk factors for the colonization or infection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in children.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang Data, China Biology Medicine disc were searched to obtain the articles on risk factors for the colonization or infection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in children published up to May 31, 2021. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform the Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13 articles were included, with 1 501 samples in total. The Meta analysis showed that indwelling gastric tube (OR=4.91), tracheal intubation (OR=5.03), central venous catheterization (OR=3.75), indwelling urinary catheterization (OR=4.11), mechanical ventilation (OR=3.09), history of hospitalization in the intensive care unit (OR=2.39), history of surgical operation (OR=3.22), previous use of third-generation cephalosporins (OR=2.62), previous use of carbapenem antibiotics (OR=3.82), previous use of glycopeptide antibiotics (OR=3.48), previous use of β-lactamase inhibitors (OR=2.87), previous use of antifungal drugs (OR=2.48), previous use of aminoglycoside antibiotics (OR=2.54), and Apgar score ≤7 at 1 minute after birth (OR=2.10) were risk factors for the colonization or infection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in children (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Invasive operations, history of hospitalization in the intensive care unit, previous use of antibiotics such as carbapenem antibiotics, and Apgar score ≤7 at 1 minute after birth are risk factors for the colonization or infection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in children.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Child , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/microbiology , Humans , Risk Factors
2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 380-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923719

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the origin of infection and risk factors of a case with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with overseas countries in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the evidence for improving the COVID-19 control measures at ports.@*Methods@#Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) and Beilun CDC conducted case finding and epidemiological surveys immediately after being informed. The general information, history of vaccination and the travel during the latest 14 days were collected from the positive case, and all close contacts were tracked. Saliva samples were collected for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing and whole-genome sequencing, and the sequencing results were aligned with the GISAID's EpiCoV database. The origin of infection and transmission route of the positive case was investigated.@*Results@#A case was identified positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid during company M's routine screening in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port on August 10, 2021, and was confirmed positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by Beilun CDC and Ningbo CDC on August 11. Whole-genome sequencing showed SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 ( Delta ) variant, which shared the highest homology with the virus sequence uploaded by Russia on June, 2021 ( Russia/MOW-RII-MH27356S/2021 ). The case was a bundling worker for overseas container ships, and reported communicated with foreign boatmen and contacted materials without protected interventions on the SINOKOR AKITA Container Ship between August 4 and 5, 2021. This ship anchored at Vladivostok, Russia from July 27 to 29, anchored at Ningbo Harbor on August 4, and departed on August 5. Then, 11 boatmen from this ship were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on August 8. One asymptomatic case was reported in this epidemic; 254 close contacts and 617 secondary close contacts were identified, and all were tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid. No new cases with SARS-CoV-2 infections were detected until August 25, 2021, and the emergency response was therefore terminated.@*Conclusions@#The infection was a sporadic COVID-19 epidemic associated with overseas countries, which was caused by Delta variant infection through contacts with foreign boatmen or materials by a bundling worker in Ningbo-Zhoushan Port; fortunately, no epidemic spread occurred. Intensified closed-loop management and increased frequency of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test among high-risk populations, and improving the precision and rapid emergency treatment of COVID-19 epidemics are required for the containment of COVID-19 at ports.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The safety of root canal filling with 200 °C hot gutta-percha was investigated to study the effect of continuous wave technique combined with high-temperature injectable gutta-percha condensation technique on the surface temperature of periodontal tissue.@*METHODS@#CT technique and Mimics, Geomagic, and Solidworks software were utilized to build the entity models of alveolar bone, dentin and root canal, periodontal ligament, and blood flow, respectively, which were then assembled in Solidworks into a finite element model of tooth with blood flow. By utilizing ABAQUS collaborative simulation platform, fluid-structure coupling was analyzed on the whole process of root canal filling. Consequently, the surface temperature of the periodontal tissue was obtained.@*RESULTS@#In the absence of blood flow, the temperature of the periodontal ligament surface reached 50.048 ℃ during root canal filling with 200 ℃ gutta-percha. Considering blood flow, the temperature of periodontal ligament surface was 39.570 ℃.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The temperature of the periodontal ligament surface increased when the continuous wave root canal was filled with 200 ℃ gutta-percha, and the periodontal tissue was not damaged.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Cavity , Finite Element Analysis , Gutta-Percha , Hot Temperature , Humans , Periodontium , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Temperature
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1093-1100, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878150

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although osteopontin (OPN) is expressed in the liver and pigment gallstones of patients with hepatolithiasis, its role in pigment gallstone formation remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the function of OPN in pigment gallstone formation.@*METHODS@#Rats were fed a chow diet (CD) or lithogenic diet (LD) for 10 consecutive weeks; blocking tests were then performed using an OPN antibody (OPN-Ab). Incidence of gallstones and levels of several bile components, OPN, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) were analyzed. To determine TNF-α expression in hepatic macrophages and both CYP7A1 and bile acid (BA) expression in liver cells, recombinant rat OPN and recombinant rat TNF-α were used to treat rat hepatic macrophages and rat liver cells, respectively. Chi-square or Fisher exact tests were used to analyze qualitative data, Student t-test or one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze qualitative data.@*RESULTS@#Incidence of gallstones was higher in LD-fed rats than in CD-fed rats (80% vs. 10%, P < 0.05). BA content significantly decreased in bile (t = -36.08, P < 0.01) and liver tissue (t = -16.16, P < 0.01) of LD-fed rats. Both hepatic OPN protein expression (t = 9.78, P < 0.01) and TNF-α level (t = 8.83, P < 0.01) distinctly increased in the LD group; what's more, CYP7A1 mRNA and protein levels (t = -12.35, P < 0.01) were markedly down-regulated in the LD group. Following OPN-Ab pretreatment, gallstone formation decreased (85% vs. 25%, χ2 = 14.55, P < 0.01), liver TNF-α expression (F = 20.36, P < 0.01) was down-regulated in the LD group, and CYP7A1 expression (F = 17.51, P < 0.01) was up-regulated. Through CD44 and integrin receptors, OPN promoted TNF-α production in macrophage (F = 1041, P < 0.01), which suppressed CYP7A1 expression (F = 48.08, P < 0.01) and reduced liver BA synthesis (F = 119.4, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#We provide novel evidence of OPN involvement in pigmented gallstone pathogenesis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet/adverse effects , Gallstones/etiology , Lithiasis , Liver , Liver Diseases , Osteopontin/genetics , Rats
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908860

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis and treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are basic skills that should be mastered by neurosurgery specialists during the standardized training. In view of the lack of TBI patients in our center, TBI training was entrusted to a joint base with more TBI patients. Based on clinical training and practice experience of the authors in recent years, including joint base introduction, basic requirement, theory and skill training, research training, humanity accomplishment improvement, inter-base communication and evaluation standard, we discuss the appropriate joint base training mode of TBI in standardized training of neurosurgery specialists, so as to provide reference for cultivating qualified and comprehensively developed neurosurgery specialists.

6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 109-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815968

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To conduct an epidemiological investigation on the first reported case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Zhejiang Province, so as to provide reference for prevention and control of the disease.@*Methods @#According to the COVID-19 Diagnosis and Treatment Program (Trial) and the COVID-19 Prevention and Control Program (Trial) issued by National Health Commission of China, a field investigation was employed on a case of fever from Wuhan reported by Wenzhou in January 15, 2020; the real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was performed to detect the nucleic acid of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from the sputum specimens or throat swabs of the case; the close contacts of the case were tracked down; relevant prevention and control measures were implemented. @*Results @#The case had lived in Wuhan for long. On January 4 of 2020, he felt cold and uncomfortable without obvious inducement, and drove back to Wenzhou with his wife. He had fever (up to 39 ℃), cough and expectoration on the next day. On January 9, the chest computed tomographic (CT) scan showed bilateral high-density patchy shadowing with blurred edges. On January 16, his throat swab and sputum samples were collected and sent to Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The result turned out to be positive on January 17, then was rechecked and confirmed by Chinese CDC on January 20. Two weeks before the onset of the disease, the patient was engaged in the door-to-door persuasion of installing elevators in an old residential area of Wuhan, and he denied any connection with other COVID-19 cases,markets,(sick or dead) poultry or poultry products. Totally 26 close contacts were identified and kept in quarantine. During this period,three of them developed fever or respiratory symptoms, but were excluded from COVID-19. On the afternoon of January 16,the health system of Zhejiang Province and Wenzhou City launched an emergency plan and implemented a series of prevention and control measures such as isolation and treatment of cases,screening and isolation of close contacts,and public health education. @*Conclusion @#According to the epidemiological history,clinical features and laboratory test Results,the patient was identified as the first reported case of COVID-19 in Zhejiang Province.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Chaihu Yueju decoction on model rats induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). Method:The 60 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Chaihu Yueju decoction low, medium and high-dose groups(0.3, 0.6, 1.2 g·kg-1) and fluoxetine hydrochloride group(0.2 mg·kg-1), 10 for each group. The model rats was established by chronic unpredictable mild stress for 5 weeks, and then Chaihu Yueju decoction and fluoxetine hydrochloride were given to the corresponding treatment group by gavage for 3 weeks. In the last week of gavage, Morris water maze training and testing were conducted. After the last day of gavage, sugar water preference and other behavioral experiment were tested. The sugar water preference test was used to detect the degree of pleasure deficiency in rats before and after treatment, the open field test was used to detect the depression of rats before and after treatment, the spatial memory ability was tested by Morris water maze. Western blot was used to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A (5-HT1A), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and synapse associated protein in hippocampus of each group, Gloji and Nissl staining was used to observe the changes of dendritic spines and Nissl bodies in the hippocampus CA3. Result:Compared with normal group, the weight, sugar water preference rate, the scores of horizontal and vertical movement were significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the immobility time was significantly prolonged in model group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the ability of learning and memory in model group decreased (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the levels of TNF-α was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the levels of 5-HT1A, p-ERK, cyclic adenosine phosphate reactive element binding protein (CREB), p-CREB, Synapsin-1,Synaptophysin, glutamate receptor subtype-1(GluR-1)and postsynaptic membrane protein-95(PSD-95) in model group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Gloji and Nissl staining results showed that the density of dendritic spines and the number of Nissl body in the hippocampal CA3 of the model group was obviously attenuate (P<0.05). The results show that the neurons were evidently damaged. Compared with model group, the weight, sugar water preference rate, the scores of horizontal and vertical movement were clearly increased (P<0.05) and the immobility time was significantly shortened in fluoxetine hydrochloride group, middle dose and high dose Chaihu Yueju decoction group (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the levels of synaptophysin, GluR-1 and PSD-95 were significantly increased in fluoxetine hydrochloride group, middle dose and high dose Chaihu Yueju decoction group. The level of TNF-α was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the levels of 5-HT1A, p-ERK, CREB, p-CREB and Synapsin-1 were remarkably increased (P<0.05), especially the high dose group of Chaihu Yueju decoction. Gloji and Nissl staining results showed that the density of dendritic spines and the number of Nissl body in the hippocampal CA3 of high dose group were similarly increased in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion:Chaihu Yueju decoction could improves the weight, the depressive despair, autonomous activity ability and learning and memory ability of DP model rats. Its mechanism is closely related to attenuating the inflammatory reaction and enhancing the levels of 5-HT1A receptor protein, ERK and synapse related protein, then activating 5-HT/CREB and ERK/CREB signaling pathways, increasing the number and distribution of dendritic spines and repairing damaged neurons in the DP model rat's hippocampus.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2618-2627, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837514

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has attracted wide attention due to its unique advantages such as minimal invasiveness, high efficiency and high selectivity, and its ability to induce anti-tumor immune response. However, the treatment process is heavily dependent on the oxygen content of the treatment site, and the widespread oxygen deficiency in malignant tumors severely limits its efficacy. In addition, PDT-mediated oxygen depletion exacerbates tumor hypoxia, which further reduces its therapeutic effect. In recent years, many researches have been devoted to overcoming this problem. This paper summarized various strategies based on tumor hypoxic PDT in recent years, discussing the advantages and disadvantages of these strategies, and analyzing the main challenges and future directions of PDT in the treatment of tumors, so as to provide references for the in-depth study of photodynamic therapy of tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the occurrence of serious adverse events (SAEs) related to chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 734 children with ALL. They were treated with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen from January 2015 to June 2019. The occurrence of SAEs during the treatment was investigated. The children with SAEs were divided into a death group with 25 children and a survival group with 31 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*RESULTS@#Among the 734 children with ALL, 56 (7.6%) experienced SAEs (66 cases) after chemotherapy, among which 41 cases occurred in the stage of remission induction therapy. Of all 66 cases of SAEs, 46 (70%) were infection-related SAEs, including 25 cases of septic shock (38%), 20 cases of severe pneumonia (30%), and 1 case of severe chickenpox (2%), and 87% of the children with infection-related SAEs had neutrophil deficiency. The most common infection sites were blood and the lungs. The most common pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, fungi, and Gram-positive bacteria. There were 16 cases (24%) of hemorrhage-related SAEs, with 11 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding (17%), 4 cases of pulmonary bleeding (6%), and 1 case of intracranial bleeding (2%). Of all 734 children with ALL, 66 (9.0%) died, among whom 25 died due to SAEs. The treatment-related mortality rate was 3.4%, and infection (72%) and bleeding (24%) were the main causes of death. Severe pneumonia was an independent risk factor for treatment-related death in ALL children (OR=4.087, 95%CI: 1.161-14.384, P=0.028).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAEs often occur in the stage of remission induction therapy, and infection-related SAEs are more common in ALL children accepting chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen. The development of severe pneumonia suggests an increased risk for death in these children.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Child , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Humans , Neutrophils , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777534

ABSTRACT

To research the correlation between accumulation of triterpenoids and expression of key enzymes genes in triterpenoid biosynthesis of Alisma orientale,the study utilized UPLC-MS/MS method to detect eight triterpenoids content in the tuber of A. orientale from different growth stages,including alisol A,alisol A 24 acetate,alisol B,alisol B 23 acetate,alisol C 23 acetate,alisol F,alisol F 24 acetate and alisol G,and then the Real time quantitative PCR was used to analyze the expression of key enzymes genes HMGR and FPPS in triterpenoid biosynthesis. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive relation between the total growth of these eight triterpenoids and the average relative expression of HMGR and FPPS(HMGR: r = 0. 998,P<0. 01; FPPS: r = 0. 957,P<0. 05),respectively. Therefore,the study preliminarily determined that HMGR and FPPS genes could regulate the biosynthesis of triterpenoids in A. orientale,which laid a foundation for further research on the biosynthesis and regulation mechanism of triterpenoids in A. orientale.


Subject(s)
Alisma , Chemistry , Genetics , Chromatography, Liquid , Geranyltranstransferase , Genetics , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA-Reductases, NADP-dependent , Genetics , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plant Tubers , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 992-996, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805754

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the genetic diversity of Aedes albopictus populations in the coastal areas of southern China by using the microsatellite markers to provide a basis for the control of vectors.@*Methods@#Genetic diversity and clustering analysis of Aedes albopictus populations were studied in the 7 microsatellite loci, in Hangzhou, Ningbo and Yiwu of Zhejiang province, Longyan of Fujian province, Guangzhou of Guangdong province, Nanning of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Haikou of Hainan province.@*Results@#Numbers of different alleles (5.429-7.571), effective alleles (2.897-3.632), allele richness (5.236-7.170) and expected heterozygosity (0.538- 0.637) were detected from each of the Aedes albopictus population by using 7 microsatellite markers. The inbreeding coefficients appeared as 0.008-0.332, with heterozygote deficiency, in these populations. Fixation index of the whole populations was 0.058, suggesting that the genetic variation among the 7 populations was 5.8%. Data from the Neighbor-Joining clustering analysis showed that populations from Hangzhou and Yiwu belonged to one branch while Longyan and Guangzhou populations constituted another branch. Aedes albopictus populations of Nanning and Haikou showed great genetic variation but formed a single branch. Bayesian analysis on Aedes albopictus populations showed that the possible number of clusters was 3.@*Conclusions@#Based on 7 microsatellite loci, relatively high genetic diversity and medium level of genetic differentiation that increasing with the geographical distances, were found in these Aedes albopictus populations, from the coastal areas in southern China.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704279

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of Toll-like receptor in intestinal mucosal injury induced by Cryptospo-ridium parvum infection in mice.Methods Totally 30 male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal control group,1-week infection group and 2-week infection group.The mice of the 1-week and 2-week infection groups were sacrificed 7 days and 14 days after the infection respectively,and the mice of the normal control group were sacrificed 14 days after the infection.The model of intestinal infection of C.parvum in mice was built by using the immunosuppressive method and oocyst intragastric ad-ministration.The pathological changes of the intestinal mucosa of mice were observed with a light microscope and the villus height,crypt depth and ratio of villus height/crypt depth were measured.The ultrastructure of the intestinal mucosa of mice was observed by a transmission electron microscope(TEM).The expressions of TLR2 and TLR4 in the intestinal mucosa were tested by qPCR and Western blotting.Results Under the light microscope,the intestinal villi were dropsical,obviously atrophied and shortened,and the submucosal structure was dropsical.The height of chorionic villi and the ratio of villus height to crypt depth in the jejunum of the 1-week and 2-week infection groups were significantly lower than those in the normal control group(all P<0.05),while the depth of the recess of the former two was significantly increased(all P<0.05).With the extension of the infection time,the villus height and the ratio of villus height to crypt depth in the jejunum of mice decreased significantly(both P<0.05),and the crypt depth increased significantly(P<0.01).The TEM observation showed that the structure of the oocyst of C.parvum in the jejunum of the infected mouse was intact,the villi around the oocyst were abscission seriously,and the oocyst wall was fused with the epithelial cell membrane.The qPCR observation showed that compared with the normal control group,the expressions of TLR2 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in the intestinal mucosa of the 1-week and 2-week infection groups were significantly higher(all P<0.05).In addition,the expressions of TLR2 and TLR4 mRNA in the 2-week infection group were significantly higher than those in the 1-week infection group(both P<0.05).The Western blotting showed that the expres-sions of TLR2 protein and TLR4 protein in the intestinal mucosa of the 1-week and 2-week infection groups were significantly higher than those of the normal control group(all P<0.05).Furthermore,the expressions of TLR2 and TLR4 protein in the 2-week infection group were significantly higher than those in the 1-week infection group(both P<0.05).Conclusions TLR2 and TLR4 are important receptors for intestinal mucosal recognition of C.parvum.The C.parvum infection may lead to intestinal mucosal damage possibly via the mechanisms associated with the up-regulation of TLR2 and TLR4 expressions.

13.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 239-242, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703099

ABSTRACT

In order to analyze the temporal distribution characteristics of human rabies in China and explore the incidence forecasting,R3.3.2 software were used to establish the optimal ARIMA model of monthly incidences from 2004 to 2015 in Chi-na.Then the monthly incidences from January to November 2016 were forecasted with the model and the prediction accuracy was evaluated.The annual incidences of human rabies in China were decreasing tendency since 2007,and the monthly incidence reached highly during August to October.The optimal model was ARIMA(2,1,1)(2,0,0)12and the mean absolute error (MASE)was 0.755.The mean relative error was 15.61% when predicting the incidences from January to November 2016.In conclusion,there exists seasonal variation for human rabies in China and ARIMA model can be applied for the short-term fore-casting.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702980

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of Pipeline embolization device ( PED) in combination with coils in the treatment of large and giant unruptured internal carotid artery aneurysms. Methods From January 2014 to December 2016,51 patients with large (diameter 10-25 mm) and giant (diameter >25 mm) internal carotid artery aneurysms treated at the Department of Neurosurgery,Xuanwu Hospital,Capital Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them,35 were females and 16 were males, the average age was 53 ±13 years (range 15-71). They were divided into a PED group (n=31) and a PED combined with coil group (n=20) according to whether using coils for packing aneurysm cavity or not. The treatment of two groups of patients and ≥6 months of imaging follow-up effect were analyzed. The embolic rate was evaluated by Raymond grade. Results Thirty-one patients with 32 aneurysms ( mean diameter 15 ± 3 mm) in the PED group were treated with 33 PEDs,including 15 with cavernous sinus aneurysm and 17 with supraclinoid aneurysm;20 patients with 21 aneurysms ( mean diameter 17 ± 4 mm) were treated with 22 PEDs in the PED combined with coil group,including 10 cavernous sinus aneurysms and 11 supraclinoid carotid aneurysms. Six months after procedure,imaging follow-up revealed that the incidence of residual aneurysm ( Raymond grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ) in the PED group was significantly higher that that in the PED combined with coil group (9. 7% [n =3] and 0%,respectively). The incidence of thrombosis in PED combined with coil group was significantly higher than that in the PED group,there was significant difference between two groups (P<0. 05). Conclusions When using PED to treat large and giant internal carotid artery aneurysms,packing aneurysm cavity in combination with coils can reduce the incidence of residual aneurysm,but it may have a higher risk of thrombotic events. A prospective randomized controlled trial of large samples is still needed to prove it.

15.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 53-57, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702969

ABSTRACT

Objective?To evaluate the effect on removal of ovarian cyst by laparoendoscopic single site surgery and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).?Methods?A prospective, single-institution study was performed for patients who were diagnosed benign ovarian cyst, underwent removal ovarian cyst, and adopted ERAS nursing care from June 2015 to June 2017. 40 patients who adopted laparo-endoscopic single site surgery were experimental group and 40 patients who adopted traditional laparoscopy surgery were control group. We compared the operation time, blood loss volume during operation, the time of getting out-of bed after operation, the postoperative exhausting time, the defecation time after surgery, the incidence of postoperative febrile and other complications, the time of hospital stay, and hospitalization expenses between the two groups. The measurement data was tested by t test, and the counting data was tested by χ2 test, which was statistically significant with P < 0.05.?Results?The results showed that the time of getting out-of bed after operation, the postoperative exhausting time, the defecation time after surgery and the time of hospital stay in experimental group was significantly shorter than the control group;Meanwhile the hospitalization expense was lower than the control group. These results were statistically significant (P < 0.05). While there was not statistically significant in the operation time, blood loss volume during operation, and the incidence of postoperative febrile and other complications between the experimental group and the control group (P > 0.05) .?Conclusion?ERAS combined with laparo-endoscopic single site surgery is helpful to the reduction of hospitalization cost and the clinical promotion and application.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701602

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of business process reengineering(BPR)on improving multisectors'participation in management of multidrug-resistant organism(MDRO)infection, and provide methodological guidance for hospital multisectors'collaborative management.Methods Related data about management and disposal of 672 cases of MDRO infection occurred from July 2015 to June 2017 were selected, 370 patients before BPR (from July2015to June 2016)were as control group, 302 patients after BPR(from July2016to June 2017)were as a trial group, BPR was used to improve the process of detection, report, cooperation, and disposal of MDROs in hospital, various quality evaluation indexes of healthcare-associated infection before and after BPR were compared. Results After the BPR was implemented, time of MDRO information transmitted from laboratory to clinical departments shortened from(240±30)minutes to(8±2)minutes;incidence of MDRO HAI decreased from2.39‰to 1.56‰, isolation rate of MDROs decreased from13.42% to 11.09%, differences were all significant(all P< 0.05).Compliance rates and awareness rates of various MDRO prevention and control measures increased from 58.11%-71.89%to 84.11%-92.05%, usage rate of antimicrobial agents decreased from53.18%to 48.45%, defined daily doses(DDDs)of antimicrobial use density decreased from44.76 to 38.26, specimen submission rate before antimicrobial use increased from46.68%to 53.62%.Conclusion BPR can enhance the cooperation between different departments, give full play to the complementary advantages of interdisciplinary, and improve the efficiency of HAI management.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701208

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the antidepressant effect of dextromethorphan(DXM)and its mechanism. METHODS:The antidepressant effect of DXM was observed by the methods of forced swimming test,tail suspension test and open field test.The N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA)receptor activity in brain,and the effects of total nitric oxide syn-thases(NOS)and various types of NOS were examined by molecular biology methods.The mice pretreated with NMDA re-ceptor antagonist MK-801(MK),NMDA,NO precursor L-arginine(L-ARG),endothelial NOS(eNOS)inhibitor Nω-ni-tro-L-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME),inducible NOS(iNOS)inhibitor aminoguanidine(AG),neuronal NOS(nNOS) inhibitor 7-nitroindole(7-NI)or phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor sildenafil were given DXM to explore the mechanism of DXM as an antidepressant.RESULTS: DXM had a dose-dependent antidepressant effect.DXM inhibited the activity of brain NMDA receptor in a dose-dependent manner, and inhibited the expression of eNOS and nNOS.MK, L-NAME and 7-NI were able to promote the antidepressant effect of DXM.NMDA,L-ARG and sildenafil were able to inhibit the antidepres-sant effect of DXM.AG did not influence the antidepressant effect of DXM.CONCLUSION:DXM has an antidepressant effect,and NMDA receptor and L-ARG-NO-cGMP signaling pathways are involved in this process.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700630

ABSTRACT

The training of neurocritical care is an important component in standardized training of neurosurgical specialists. As a subspeciality of neurosurgery, as well as with the characteristics of critical care medicine, neurocritical care carries its own discipline features. Based on clinical training and practice experiences, the training mode and practice experience were summarized, including basic requirement, theory training, skill training, research training, humanity accomplishment improvement and evaluation stan-dard, in order to discuss the appropriate training mode of neurocritical care in standardized training of neurosurgical specialists, improve the training methods and advance the training effectiveness, and provide reference for cultivating qualified and comprehensively developed neurosurgical specialists.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700512

ABSTRACT

By taking the neurosurgery residency program of Brigham and Women's Hospital as an example,the neurosurgery residency training system of United States is introduced,which emphasizes on the progressive gaining of the trainee with regard to medical knowledge,surgical skills,decision-making strategy,humanity,professionalism,inter-human communication ability and updated neuroscience research.This training system can shed some light on our own neurosurgery residency program,which only begins to take shape in recent years.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698802

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The type of brackets is closely related to the efficiency of orthodontic treatment. A self-ligating bracket is characterized by low friction, simple operation, mild pain and discomfort, and it has been an issue of concern in orthodontics. In recent years, studies on the therapeutic efficiency of self-ligating brackets versus conventional brackets for orthodontic correction have been reported, but there is no conclusion. OBJECTIVE: To systematically compare the conventional and self-ligating brackets concerning treatment efficiency. METHODS: A computer-based search of PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, WanFang, VIP and CNKI was performed for randomized controlled trials concerning self-ligating brackets versus conventional brackets for orthodontic correction. The keywords were "orthodontic brackets/ self-ligating, random" in English and "appliance/self-ligating/ conventional/orthodontic correction efficiency" in Chinese. The retrieve time was set from inception to December 2017. Stata12.0 software was used for meta-analysis following literature screening, data extraction and risk assessment of bias. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 9 randomized controlled trials involving 603 patients were included. The results of meta-analysis on the efficiency of the two groups showed that there was no significant difference in overall treatment time, number of visits, time of alignment and time of space closure (P > 0.05). Only the time of chairside operation showed significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that compared with the conventional bracket, the self-ligating bracket has no obvious advantage in the therapeutic efficiency.

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