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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 263-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920764

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the correlation between frailty and lifestyle factors among middle-aged and elderly populations, so as to provide insights into the management of frailty among middle-aged and elderly populations.@*Methods @#Middle-aged and elderly residents at ages of 45 ot 69 years were recruited using the convenient sampling method from seven townships in Changxing County of Zhejiang Province from 2019 to 2020. The demographic characteristics and lifestyle factors were collected using questionnaires, and the frailty was measured using the Chinese version of Tilburg Frailty Indicator ( TFI ). Factors affecting frailty were identified among middle-aged and elderly populations using the multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 7 170 residents were surveyed, including 2 780 males ( 38.77% ) and 4 390 females ( 61.23% ), which had a median age of 56 (interquartile range, 10) years. The median frailty score was 2 (interquartile range, 3 ) among the study subjects, and the median frailty score was 2 ( interquartile range, 2 ) among residents at ages of 45 to 59 years, and 2 (interquartile range, 3) among residents at ages of 60 to 69 years. The overall detection of frailty was 16.07%, and the detection of frailty was 13.52% among subjects at ages of 45 to 59 years and 21.01% among subjects at ages of 60 to 69 years. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified physical activity ( OR=0.826, 95%CI: 0.719-0.949 ) and sleep quality ( OR: 3.376-11.493, 95%CI: 2.907-15.808 ) as factors affecting frailty among middle-aged and elderly residents. Following age stratification, physical activity ( OR=0.817, 95%CI: 0.681-0.981 ) and sleep quality ( OR: 3.076-11.566, 95%CI: 2.518-18.216 ) as factors affecting frailty among subjects at ages of 45 to 59 years, while sleep quality ( OR: 3.777-11.827, 95%CI: 3.002-18.547 ) significantly correlated with frailty among residents at ages of 60 to 69 years.@*Conclusion@#Physical activity and sleep quality are associated with the risk of frailty among middle-aged and elderly populations.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 123-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the degree and influencing factors of glycosylated hemoglobin ( HbA1c ) control among patients with type 2 diabetes ( T2DM ) living in rural communities of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the reference for optimizing the management of diabetes patients in rural communities.@*Methods@#Permanent adult patients with T2DM that were registered and received standardized management in all communities of Jiashan County and Suichang County, and 6 communities of Yongkang City, Zhejiang Province in 2016 were recruited, and their demographic characteristics were captured from the health record system and chronic disease management system. The height, body weight, waist circumstance and blood pressure were measured, and HbA1c and blood lipid parameters were detected. The degree of HbA1c control ( <7% ) was analyzed, and its influencing factors were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 10 339 patients with T2DM were enrolled, including 4 520 men ( 43.72% ) and 5 819 women ( 56.28% ), with a mean age of ( 63.54±9.78 ) years and the mean course of diabetes of ( 6.36±4.73 ) years. The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that males ( OR=1.123, 95%CI: 1.024-1.233 ), region ( Suichang, OR=2.413, 95%CI: 2.106-2.765; Yongkang, OR=2.460, 95%CI: 2.188-2.767 ), course of disease ( 5-9 years, OR=1.724, 95%CI: 1.504-1.977; 10 years and longer, OR=2.881, 95%CI: 2.477-3.351 ), use of hypoglycemic drugs ( OR=1.203, 95%CI: 1.089-1.329 ), development of chronic complications ( OR=1.190, 95%CI: 1.027-1.379 ), uncontrolled blood pressure ( OR=1.140, 95%CI: 1.030-1.261 ), uncontrolled blood lipid ( OR=1.258, 95%CI: 1.104-1.433 ), and smoking ( OR=1.318, 95%CI: 1.165-1.491 ) were statistically associated with HbA1c control among T2DM patients.@*Conclusion@#The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89% among T2DM patients in rural communities of Zhejiang Province. HbA1c control should be given a high priority among men living in low-economic-level regions with long course of disease, use of hypoglycemic drugs, chronic complications, smoking, uncontrolled blood pressure and lipid.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935763

ABSTRACT

A patient with paraquat poisoning was followed up for five years, and it was showed that the interstitial lesion areas in chest CT of this patient gradually decreased after acute period of the poisoning and no significant changes were found six months later. After that the density of the lesions gradually reduced, while the cystic air cavities slowly increased. In addition, the patient's exercise endurance gradually improved over time, and the lung function was close to the normal level five years after poisoning. The follow-up report helps clinicians to have a deeper understanding of the long-term outcome of paraquat poisoning.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lung/pathology , Paraquat , Poisoning , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 28-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935466

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-translocation renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Two cases of ALK-translocation renal cell carcinoma diagnosed from January 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed to characterize their morphological features, immunohistochemical expression and prognosis. Multiple molecular studies including fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and next-generation sequencing were performed to characterize the genetic alterations. Results: Two patients included one male and one female, with 59 and 57 years old, respectively. Morphologically, case 1 resembled collecting duct carcinoma or renal medullary carcinoma, which demonstrated tubular, microcapsule and reticular structures, with a remarkable myxoid background and lymphocytes infiltration; case 2 resembled Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma or type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma, which demonstrated tubular papillary and focal solid structures, with flocculent cytoplasm and many foamy histiocytes, but without myxoid background and lymphocytes infiltration. Immunohistochemistry showed strongly positive expression of ALK. CK7, E-cadherin, vimentin, PAX8 and CD10 showed various degrees of expression, and other antibodies were nonreactive. A variety of molecular assays showed definite ALK gene translocation, with rare VCL-ALK gene fusion (VCL exon and 16-ALK exon 20) in case 1, and EML4-ALK gene fusion (EML4 exon and 2-ALK exon 20) in case 2. Conclusions: ALK-translocation renal cell carcinoma is rare with various morphological features, and is easy to miss and misdiagnose. The characteristic ALK expression and molecular detection of ALK translocation are helpful for diagnosing this type of renal cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/genetics , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 23-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935465

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical pathological characteristics, immunophenotype, molecular changes and prognosis of the papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity (PRNRP). Methods: Nine cases of PRNRP, diagnosed from 2013 to 2019, were retrieved from the Department of Pathology of Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine. Histomorphology, immunophenotype and molecular genetics were analyzed with review of the literatures. Results: There were five male and four female patients, aged from 49 to 70 years, with an average age of 60.1 years. During a mean follow-up of 29 months, one patient died for other cause, and the others survived without disease. Microscopically, the tumor cells arranged in papillary structure with a fibrovascular core, the surface of which was covered with a single layer of cuboidal or columnar cells. The most prominent feature was that the tumor nuclei located at the top of the cytoplasm far from the basement membrane, and they were monotonous in size and arranged neatly with no or few nucleoli. Immunohistochemically, all nine cases of PRNRP showed diffuse positive expression of CK7 and E-cadherin, various degrees of P504s expression, and no expression of CD10 and CD117, with a Ki-67 index of 1%-3%. Unlike other papillary renal cell carcinoma, the nine cases of PRNRP all showed characteristic positive expression of GATA3. The fluorescence in situ hybridization assay showed that the majority of PRNRPs (8/9) did not have triploids on chromosomes 7 and 17. The sequencing of the KRAS gene confirmed the presence of a nonsense KRAS mutation in 8 of the 9 cases. Conclusions: PRNRP is a subtype of papillary renal cell carcinoma with characteristic morphological, immunophenotypic and molecular features, and indolent behaviors. More data are needed to define PRNRP as "carcinoma", and a definitive diagnosis of PRNRP is of great significance for proper treatment choice and accurate prognostication.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 375-385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935157

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics, diagnosis and treatment status of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) of Chinese patients. Methods: Complete literature review was performed to summarize Chinese TTS cases between 2007 and 2018. Results: A total of 131 literatures were included including 160 TTS patients (age (58.3±14.7) years). There were 137 female patients (85.6%) in this cohort, the age was (59.6±14.0) years. There were 124 cases (77.5%) of stress-evoking factors, of which 83 cases (66.9%) were self-stress factors. There were 97 cases (60.6%) complained of chest pain and 15 cases (9.4%) with syncope. Forty-eight cases (30.0%) presented with cardiogenic shock. CK-MB and cTnT/I increased in 109 cases (80.1%). There were 124 cases (77.5%) presented with ST segment elevation on electrocardiogram, which were common in lead V2-V5. Echocardiography results were available in 128 cases (80.0%), reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (<50%) was reported in 78 cases (73.6%). Coronary angiography was performed in 133 patients (83.1%), of which 126 patients (94.7%) had normal coronary arteries or single non-significant stenosis. One hundred and thirty-eight patients (87.3%) were apical type. The misdiagnosis rate on admission was 96.9% (155/160), of which 141 cases (88.1%) were misdiagnosed as acute myocardial infarction. Nitroglycerin was used in 36 patients (30.3%). Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor antagonist were used in 38 patients (31.9%). β blockers were used in 46 patients (38.7 %). Dopamine was used in 22 cases (18.5%) and norepinephrine was used in 12 cases (10.1%). Intra-aortic balloon counter pulsation was used in 5 cases (3.1%). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed in 9 cases (5.6%). Cardiac function recovery time was 7 (6, 15) days. The average InterTAK diagnosis score was (51.5±18.1) points, and value was>70 points in 2 cases (1.3%). There were 92 patients in the high-risk group, and there were 3 recurrent TTS cases. Five patients died. Conclusions: TTS incidence tends to be young and dominates in female in China. The misdiagnosis rate is extremely high on admission. Most patients are treated with medication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Stroke Volume/physiology , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/diagnosis , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express and purify the antigenic peptide of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid conserved regions in prokaryotic cells and prepare its rabbit polyclonal antibody.@*METHODS@#The DNA sequence encoding the conserved regions of AAV capsid protein was synthesized and cloned into the vector pET30a to obtain the plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR for prokaryotic expression and purification of the conserved peptides. Coomassie blue staining and Western blotting were used to identify the AAV conserved peptides. Japanese big ear white rabbits were immunized with AAV conserved region protein to prepare polyclonal antibody, with the rabbits injected with PBS as the control group. The antibody titer was determined with ELISA, and the performance of the antibody for recognizing capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10 was assessed with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#The plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR was successfully constructed, and a recombinant protein with a relative molecular mass of 17000 was obtained. The purified protein induced the production of antibodies against the conserved regions of AAV capsid in rabbits, and the titer of the purified antibodies reached 1:320 000. The antibodies were capable of recognizing a wide range of capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10.@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained the polyclonal antibodies against AAV capsid conserved region protein from rabbits, which facilitate future studies of AAV vector development and the biological functions of AAV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Capsid , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Prokaryotic Cells , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924048

ABSTRACT

As an increasingly mature analytical technique, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy has the ability to identify, detect, and even quantitatively measure many single substances in nature. However, in the actual sample analysis, the tested samples were often a mixed system of various substances, and it was impossible to accurately characterize the components of the mixed system only by relying on SERS technology. Therefore, SERS combined with other techniques to accurately determine the measured substances has become an inevitable trend. Through the combination, the deficiency of SERS in detection and characterization was improved, and the purpose of efficient, sensitive and accurate determination of substances to be measured was achieved.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905267

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical studies on sacral nerve stimulation based on PubMed database and summarize its research status and clinical characteristics. Methods:Literatures about sacral nerve stimulation were collected from PubMed database before December 31, 2019. HistCite software was used to analyze the published year, published periodicals, published country and research institutions. Pajek software principal path analysis was used to identify the evolution direction of hot topics. The spectrum of diseases, therapeutic outcomes, stimulation methods and stimulation parameters were summarized. Results:A total of 96 articles were included. The number of publications increased significantly since 2000 and reached its peak in 2014 to 2015. The literatures with most influence were published in 2000 to 2001. All the literatures published in 32 journals, the top two were Urology and Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, which published 17 and 22 articles, respectively. The literatures came from 16 countries, and the top three were the United State (17 articles), the Netherlands (13) and the United Kingdom (13). Among the 211 institutes involved, Aarhus University Hospital (Denmark, twelve articles) and St. Marks Hospital (United Kingdom, nine) were the top two. The study involved 16 diseases, mainly about fecal incontinence, urinary incontinence and urination, shifted from urinary system diseases to digestive system diseases. 91.67% of the study corroborated the benefit of sacral nerve stimulation. Implanted stimulation (77 articles) was the most used, and transdermal stimulation (10 articles) was the second. The parameters were depending on the disease and the mode of stimulation. Conclusion:Sacral nerve stimulation can effectively improve the function of pelvic floor, which may be focused for a long time. Non-implantable sacral nerve stimulation would become the new research topic.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921341

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the associations of sarcopenia, handgrip strength and calf circumference with cognitive impairment among Chinese older adults.@*Methods@#Totally 2,525 older adults were recruited from the Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study. Cognitive impairment was assessed by the Chinese Mini-Mental State Examination. Handgrip strength was calculated from the means of the right and left hand values. Calf circumference was measured at the site of maximum circumference of the non-dominant leg. The formula developed by Ishii was used to define sarcopenia. Multiple logistic regression was performed to evaluate the associations of sarcopenia, handgrip strength, and calf circumference with cognitive impairment.@*Results@#The prevalence of cognitive impairment was 34.36%. The adjusted odds ratio ( @*Conclusion@#Sarcopenia, identified by low handgrip strength and low calf circumference, was positively associated with cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Female , Hand Strength , Humans , Leg/anatomy & histology , Logistic Models , Male , Sarcopenia/pathology
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1249-1255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on cardiac function and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in rats with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI), and to explore the correlation between myocardial protective effect of EA and inflammatory factors i.e. interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 male SD rats with normal ultrasonic cardiogram were randomized into a sham-operation group, a sham-operation plus EA group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each group. The AMI model was established by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) branch of the coronary artery in the model group and the EA group, while the threading without ligating was adopted in the sham-operation group and the sham-operation plus EA group. In the sham-operation plus EA group and the EA group, EA at bilateral "Neiguan" (PC 6) was applied, with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency and 2 mA in density, once a day, 20 min a time for 3 days. The cardiac ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) were measured by ultrasonic cardiogram to evaluate the cardiac function, the cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining, the infiltration of inflammatory factors of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area was observed by H.E. staining, the expression of inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-17 of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area was detected by immunofluorescence staining.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, EF and FS were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at "Neiguan" (PC 6) can improve the cardiac function and reduce the apoptosis of cardiomyocyte in rats with acute myocardial ischemia, its mechanism may be related to the regulation of the inflammatory factors of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Male , Myocardial Ischemia/therapy , Myocardium , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1023-1028, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on expression of interleukin (IL) -23/IL-17 axis and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the infarcted tissue in rats with myocardial infarction (MI), and to explore the mechanism of EA on alleviating MI injury.@*METHODS@#Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a sham-operation plus EA group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each group. The MI models were established by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery in the model group and EA group, while only threading was performed in the sham-operation group and sham-operation plus EA group. The rats in the sham-operation plus EA group and EA group were treated with EA at "Neiguan" (PC 6), disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz, 2 mA, once a day, 20 min each time, for 3 days. After the intervention, the ejection fraction (EF) was measured by echocardiography to evaluate the cardiac function; the infarct area was measured by TTC staining; the HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of myocardial tissue; the levels of IL-23 and IL-17 in infarcted tissue were detected by ELISA; the protein expression of TLR4 in infarcted tissue was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the EF was decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#EA may alleviate the excessive inflammatory response after MI by inhibiting the expression of IL-23/IL-17 axis in MI rats, and TLR4 may be involved during the process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Interleukin-17/genetics , Interleukin-23/genetics , Male , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of the treatment of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with Hill-Sachs injury by arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to March 2019, 106 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with glenoid bone defect less than 20% underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, including 76 males and 30 females, aged from 18 to 45 (27.3±8.6) years, 59 cases of left shoulder and 47 cases of right shoulder. Range of motion (ROM), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder functionand stability before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 21 to 60 months, with a mean of (41.5± 8.5) months. One patient developed infection after operation, and the infection was controlled after arthroscopic debridement again. The remaining patients did not have clinical complications such as infection, intra articular hematocele and redislocation. Shoulder flexion and lifting increased from (158.33±15.72) ° preoperatively to (169.43±10.04) ° at the latest follow up, and internal rotation changed from T7 (T4 to T10) preoperatively to T8 (T5 to T10) at the latest follow up;the average lateral external rotation and abduction 90 ° external rotation decreased from (58.46±15.51) ° preoperatively and (99.37±14.09) ° to (53.18±14.90) ° and (92.52±13.10) ° at the latest follow up, respectively. The ASES score, Constant -Murley score and Rowe score were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of rehabilitation of Bankart repair combined with Remplissageunder arthroscopy in the treatment of recurrent dislocation of shoulder joint in adults with Hill-Sachs defect is satisfactory. Although the external rotation function is weaker than that before operation, it can effectively reconstruct the shoulder function and avoid the occurrence ofdislocation after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1366-1369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) in endogenous protective mechanism underlying neuropathic pain (NP) in mice with spinal cord injury and the relationship with the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway.Methods:Seventy-two clean-grade healthy female Kunming mice, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: sham group (Sham group), NP caused by spinal cord injury group (NP group), NP caused by spinal cord injury+ SPP1-siRNA group (NS-siRNA group), and NP caused by spinal cord injury+ adeno-associated virus vector group (NP-EV group). A model of NP was established by a semi-transecting of the spinal cord.AAV-SPP1-siRNA-GFP adenovirus and AAV-vector-GFP adenovirus 7 μl were intrathecally injected in NS-siRNA group and NP-EV group, respectively, and 5 days later the model was established.At 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation, 6 mice in each group were randomly selected to measure paw withdrawal threshold to mechanical stimulation (PWMT) and tail flick latency (TFL) to thermal stimuli.And then the mice were sacrificed and the ipsilateral injured spinal cord tissues were taken for determination of the expression of SPP1 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of SPP1, VEGF, Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group Sham, PWMT was significantly decreased, TFL was shortened, and the expression of SPP1 mRNA, SPP1, VEGF and p-Akt protein was up-regulated at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation in NP, NS-siRNA and NP-EV groups( P<0.05). Compared with group NP, PWMT was significantly decreased, TFL was shortened, and the expression of SPP1 mRNA, SPP1, VEGF and p-Akt protein was down-regulated at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation in group NS-siRNA( P<0.05). Compared with group NS-siRNA, PWMT was significantly increased, TFL was prolonged, and the expression of SPP1 mRNA, SPP1, VEGF and p-Akt protein was up-regulated at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after operation in group NS-siRNA( P<0.05). Conclusion:SPP1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism underlying NP in mice with spinal cord injury, which may be related to the activation of the VEGF/AKT signaling pathway.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to research whether anterior tibial crest is a reliable anatomical reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA.@*METHODS@#The study included 122 patients who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination for unilateral lower extremity trauma with normal contralateral lower extremities, including 89 males and 33 females, with an average age of(51.4±16.4) years old(ranged 18 to 81 years old). Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) was used to mark 11 lines including the surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) connecting the most prominent points of the lateral epicondyle and the deepest point of the sulcus on the medial epicondyle of the femur, axis of medial border of patellar tendon (MEPT)connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial border of the patellar tendon at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, transverse axis of tibia (TAT) at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, Akagi line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of the patellar tendon at the tibial attachment, the axis of the medial 1/3 of patellar tendon(M1/3) connecting the projected middle of PCL and the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon at the patellar tendon attachment level, Insall line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and the medial 1/3 of tibial tubercle, the axis of medial border of tibial tubercle (MBTT) connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of tibial tubercle, as well as the axis of the proximal anterior tibial crest (PATC), axis 1 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC1), axis 2 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC2) and the axis of the distal anterior tibial crest (DATC) which were marked by connecting the 4 equidistant points on the sharp anterior tibial crest and the projected middle of the PCL. The angles between TAT and SEA as well as the angles between other axes and the perpendicular to SEA were measured. Pairwise differences among the 10 tibial axes were examined using One-Way ANOVA and paired @*RESULTS@#The angles between the axes of MEPT, Akagi line, M1/3, Insall line, MBTT, PATC, MATC1, MATC2, DATC and the perpendicular to SEA were (-1.6 ±4.5)° , (1.4 ±5.0)° , (10.2±5.1)°, (11.9±5.4)°, (3.6±4.8)°, (12.0±6.9)°, (7.2±8.6)°, (7.1±10.4)°, (6.6±13.5)°, respectively. The angle between TAT and SEA was (4.1±5.3)°. MEPT was external rotation compared to SEA. M1/3, Insall line and PATC were significantly greater than Akagi line, MBTT, TAT (@*CONCLUSION@#The middle tibial anterior crest can be used as a reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA, and its reliability is better than Insall line, but worse than Akagi line, TAT and MBTT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Rotation , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875667

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different guanine base numbers on the fluorescence intensity of DNA/ silver nanoclusters through C-G base complementary pairing, in order to explore a new method for the construction of fluorescent probe switches. Methods Designed complementary sequences of aptamer parts of a series of silver nanoclusters by using the nucleic acid base complementary pairing principle, and investigated the effect of the number of G bases exposed in the aptamer sequence on the fluorescence signal. Results Base G could enhance the fluorescence signal intensity of silver nanoclusters, and the fluorescence signal strength was positively correlated with the number of G bases. The fitting linear equation was Y=1726.1X+8972.5, r=0.9789. Conclusion This study is a great reference for the regulation of fluorescence intensity of silver nanoclusters and the design of G quadruplet aptamer fluorescent probe switch.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877557

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature characteristics of the clinical researches on tumor treatment with acupuncture-moxibustion in PubMed database so as to provide the references for the study of acupuncture-moxibusion in intervention of tumor.@*METHODS@#The articles on the clinical researches of acupuncture-moxibusion in treatment of tumor were retrieved from PubMed database listed till December 31, 2018. Using bibliometric methodology, the analysis was conducted on publication year, publication journal, author, country or region, research institution, disease spectrum and therapeutic regimen.@*RESULTS@#A total of 143 articles are included. The publications are increased steadily since 2004. The articles are published in 64 international journals, of which, @*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture-moxibustion is quite extensively involved in the treatment of tumor in the field of nervous (mental) system and digestive system. But the regimen of acupuncture- moxibustion needs to be further optimized and promoted.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , China , Humans , Moxibustion , PubMed
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862482

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an online quantitative analysis model for moisture content assay of hydroxychloroquine sulfate particles by near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Methods The NIR spectra were collected in real time when the material particles were dried in the fluidized bed. Meanwhile the water content of the particles was measured with the standard moisture tester. The multiplicative signal correction (MSC) and first derivative followed by Karl Norris smoothing were used for spectra pretreatment. Two spectral range (4 935−5 336 cm−1 and 6 911−7 297 cm−1) were selected for the quantitative model with the partial least squares (PLS) regression. Results The quantitative calibration model had good correlation coefficients with Rc value=0.952 9 and Rp value=0.936 6. The root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) was 0.408 and the root mean square error of prediction error (RMSEP) was 0.435. The ratio of standard deviation of validation set to prediction standard deviation (RPD) was 5.18. There was no significant difference between the predicted value and the reference value by t test when the established model was applied in large-scale production. Conclusion The online model established for monitoring water content has high accuracy and stability, which can be applied in industrial scale process to monitor the particle moisture in real time.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1137-1141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze factors related to rheumatoid arthritis and anemia in elderly people.Methods:Clinical data of 58 elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA)admitted to the Department of Rheumatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from May 2019 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into the anemia group and the non-anemia group based on the hemoglobin(Hb)index.Laboratory test results and general clinical data were compared between the two groups.Factors related to RA with concurrent anemia were analyzed by binary Logistic regression analysis.Association rules analysis was conducted using SPSS Clementine to identify strong correlations between red blood cells(RBC)and objective clinical parameters.Results:There was no significant difference in general clinical data between the two groups(all P>0.05). There were significant differences between the two groups in laboratory test results of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio(PLR), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), total cholesterol(TC), apolipoprotein B(ApoB), albumin(Alb), superoxide dismutases(SOD), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), Fe, mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCH)and mean hemoglobin concentration(MCHC)(all P<0.05). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that PLR( OR=3.718, 95% CI: 1.119-8.742, P=0.022)and LDL-C( OR=2.319, 95% CI: 1.026-3.061, P=0.038)were independent risk factors for RA with concurrent anemia.Association rules analysis showed that decline in RBC was strongly correlated with changes in PLR, hs-CRP and LDL-C. Conclusions:RA with concurrent anemia in elderly patients is closely correlated with levels of molecules related to lipid metabolism and the inflammatory response.Close monitoring of lipid metabolism and inflammation is recommended during clinical treatment.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905395

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the judgment strategies of stroke patients facing different visual stimulus and the main factors affecting the mental rotation test results. Methods:From May to October, 2018, 15 stroke patients and 15 age-sex-education-matched healthy controls accepted standard software-based mental rotation tests with four kinds of visual stimulus: hand back, hand palm, Chinese characters and alphabets. Reaction time and response accuracy were recorded. All the subjects were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and the patients were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) additionally. Results:When hand back, hand palm and alphabets worked as visual stimulus, the response accuracy was less in the patients than in the controls (F > 7.027, P < 0.05). For all the tests, the reaction time was more in the patients than in the controls (F > 14.827, P < 0.001). The main effect of rotation angle was significant to reaction time when picture of hands as visual stimulus (F > 7.747, P < 0.001), while it was the least at 0°. The MoCA scores negatively correlated with reaction time in both groups (r < -0.375, P < 0.05), as well as the FMA-UE scores in the patients (r < -0.581, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Different types of visual stimulus may affect the judgment strategies and results of mental rotation test. Motor imagery ability is impaired for stroke patients, however, the basic reaction model maintains somehow.

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