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1.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 661-670, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003135

ABSTRACT

Extracellular matrix (ECM) components confer biomechanical properties, maintain cell phenotype and mediate tissue homeostasis. ECM remodeling is complex and plays a key role in both physiological and pathological processes. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of enzymes responsible for ECM degradation and have been accepted as a key regulator in ECM remodeling. In this mini-review, we summarize MMPs categories, functions and the targeted substrates. We then discuss current understanding of the role of MMPs-mediated events, including inflammation reaction, angiogenesis, cellular activities, etc., in ECM remodeling in the context of regenerative medicine.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 57-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998523

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a prediction model for tuberculosis incidence in Nantong area by multivariate regression analysis, and to provide theoretical support for the implementation of combined prevention work in this area. Methods A total of 37 338 registered patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Nantong City from 2010 to 2021 were enrolled in the observation group. A total of 28,721 healthy people who underwent physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group. Results From 2010 to 2021, there were a total of 37 338 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in central Nantong. From 2010 to 2015, more than 3,000 cases were reported annually, with the largest number (4 142 cases) in 2011, accounting for 11.09% of the total. The number of cases reported from 2016 to 2021 was all less than 3 000, and the number of cases reported from 2021 was the least , 1 803 cases, accounting for 4.83% of the total. The number of cases decreased each year in the past 12 years. The incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in males was 70.97% (26 497 cases) and that in females was 29.03% (10 841 cases). In terms of age, the lowest incidence rate was 0.06% (23 cases) in the age group of 0-9 years old, and the highest incidence rate was 19.56% (7 304 cases) in the age group of 60-69 years old. Logistics regression analysis showed that male, age ≥60 years old, occupation as a farmer and smoking history were the risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis (P < 0.05). ROC curve results showed that the AUC value of the risk prediction model for pulmonary tuberculosis in the Nantong area was 0.872, with a predictive sensitivity of 86.32% and a specificity of 89.21%. Conclusion There are many risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis in Nantong area, and different factors interact and influence each other. The construction of a risk prediction model for pulmonary tuberculosis can better predict the clinical incidence, which is helpful to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 286-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978518

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Ningbo City from 2016 to 2021, so as to provide insights into the development of targeted control measures against soil-transmitted nematodiasis. Methods Permanent residents at ages of 3 years and older were sampled in Ningbo City using a multi-stage sampling method each year during the period from 2016 to 2021. Soil-transmitted nematode eggs were detected in stool samples using a modified Kato-Katz thick smear method (two slides for each stool sample), and Enterobius vermicularis eggs were additionally identified among children at ages of 3 to 12 years using the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method. The time- and regions-specific prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode infections was calculated, and the factors affecting hookworm infections were identified using a multivariate logistic regression model. Results A total of 11 573 person-times were detected for soil-transmitted nematode infections in Ningbo City from 2016 to 2021, and 296 egg-positives were detected, with a mean prevalence rate of 2.56% [95% confidential interval (CI): (2.28%, 2.87%)]. Hookworm was the predominant species of soil-transmitted nematode among egg-positives in Ningbo City (98.31%, 291/296), and there was a significant difference in the prevalence of hook-worm infections among years (χ2 = 190.27, P < 0.01). The highest prevalence of hook-worm infections was observed in Ninghai County (4.06%), and there was a region-specific prevalence rate of hookworm infection in Ningbo City (χ2 = 148.43, P < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that elderly residents at ages of over 60 years [odds ratio (OR)= 1.94, 95% CI: (1.07, 3.54), P < 0.05], males [OR = 2.19, 95% CI: (1.72, 2.80), P < 0.01], farmers [OR = 6.94, 95% CI: (3.37, 14.29), P < 0.01] and residents with a low education level [illiteracy or semi-illiterate: OR = 3.82, 95% CI: (1.56, 9.35), P < 0.05; primary school: OR = 2.70, 95% CI: (1.11, 6.59), P < 0.05] were at a higher risk for hookworm infections. Conclusions The overall prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode infections was low among residents in Ningbo City from 2016 to 2021. The surveillance and health education for human hookworm disease remain to be reinforced among male farmers with a low education level at ages of over 60 years in Ninghai County.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1044-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973802

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the changes in corneal densitometry after small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)and investigate the effect of corneal interface haze on vision after SMILE.METHODS: Prospective cohort study. A total of 93 patients(186 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from May 2020 to October 2021 were included in the study, and there were 48 patients(96 eyes)in the SMILE group and 45 patients(90 eyes)in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal densitometry, spherical equivalent(SE), and uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)were observed and compared between the two groups before and at 1d, 1wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery.RESULTS: The 93 patients all successfully completed the surgery, and there were no related complications during and after the surgery, and there were no lost cases. The UCVA of FS-LASIK group was 0.044±0.064 and -0.001±0.065 respectively at 1d and 1wk after surgery, which was better than that of SMILE group(0.102±0.077 and 0.023±0.064; all P&#x003C;0.05). There was no statistical difference in the SE between the two groups at the postoperative follow-ups(P&#x003E;0.05). The corneal densitometry values at 0-2 and 2-6 mm from corneal vertex and total corneal densitometry at 1d postoperatively in the FS-LASIK group were 18.0(17.5, 18.6), 16.2(15.6, 16.7)and 16.7(16.1, 17.3), which were lower than those of SMILE group [18.6(18.1, 19.3), 16.8(16.4, 17.4), 17.2(16.6, 17.8)](all P&#x003C;0.05); The corneal densitometry values at 0-2 and 2-6 mm from corneal vertex and total corneal densitometry at 1wk postoperatively in the FS-LASIK group were 17.2(16.7, 17.6), 15.5(15.0, 15.9)and 15.9(15.3, 16.7), which were lower than those of SMILE group [17.6(17.1, 18.3), 16.0(15.6, 16.5), 16.6(15.9, 17.1)](all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The transient interface haze after SMILE is responsible for the early higher corneal densitometry than FS-LASIK. The presence of interface haze is probably a factor for the quality of vision.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 797-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972405

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the efficacy of and without small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)with cyclotorsion compensation for astigmatism correction.METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane and CNKI, VIP, CBM, and Wan Fang Data were searched for clinically controlled studies from January 2010 to August 2022, including an experimental group with cyclotorsion compensation during SMILE and a control group without cyclotorsion compensation during SMILE. After literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction by two researchers independently, the Meta-analysis of uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA), residual astigmatism, vector analysis indicators for measuring the astigmatism correction including absolute value of angle of error(|AE|)and magnitude error(ME), and post-operative total higher order aberrations, spherical aberration and coma was carried out with Stata 16.0 software.RESULTS: Seven studies with a total of 846 eyes(442 in the experimental group, 404 in the control group)were finally included. The Meta-analysis showed that there were significant differences in the percentage of eyes with residual astigmatism ≥1.00D(OR=0.17, 95%CI: 0.06~0.49, P&#x003C;0.01), |AE|(WMD=-1.56, 95%CI: -2.68~-0.45, P&#x003C;0.01), the coma(WMD=0.06, 95%CI: -0.08~-0.04, P&#x003C;0.01), and the total higher order aberrations(WMD=-0.04, 95%CI: -0.06~-0.02, P&#x003C;0.01). However, there were no differences in the postoperative UDVA(WMD=0.00, 95%CI: -0.02~0.01, P=0.54), residual astigmatism(WMD=0.08, 95%CI: -0.02~0.18, P=0.10), ME(WMD=-0.01, 95%CI: -0.14~0.12, P=0.85), and the spherical aberration(WMD=0.03, 95%CI: -0.07~0.13, P=0.52).CONCLUSION: Cyclotorsion compensation in SMILE can reduce the angular error caused by eye rotation during astigmatism correction. It also decreases postoperative residual astigmatism. Overall, the SMILE with cyclotorsion compensation is superior in clinical efficacy of the precise correction of astigmatism.

6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 675-679, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986836

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with skip metastasis at esophageal resection margin during radical gastrectomy. Methods: This is a descriptive study of case series. Relevant data from 2006 to 2022 were collected from two major gastric cancer consultation and treatment centers: Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital and Jinling Hospital.Characteristics, surgical approach, number of dissected lymph nodes, immunohistochemical staining, and pathological staging were summarized and analyzed. The distribution of residual tumor cells at the esophageal margins was further analyzed at the cellular and tissue levels. Skip metastasis at the esophageal resection margin was defined as a negative esophageal margin with a positive margin in the cephalad donut. Results: Thirty (0.33%, 30/8972) eligible patients, 24 (80.0%) of whom were male, were identified in the two centers. The mean age was 63.9±11.0 years. Seventeen (56.7%) of these patients had papillary or tubular adenocarcinomas, including 13 (43.3%) poorly- and four (13.3%) moderately-differentiated tumors; four (13.3%) had signet-ring cell carcinomas; four (13.3%) mucinous adenocarcinomas; three (10.0%) mixed adenocarcinomas, including two with poorly-differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas mixed with signet-ring cell carcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma; and one had a poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma mixed with signet-ring cell carcinoma. Two patients (6.7%) had other types of cancer, namely adenosquamous carcinoma in one patient and undifferentiated carcinoma in the other one. The predominant tumor sites were the lesser curvature (n=26, 86.7%) and the cardia (n=24, 80.0%). The mean tumor diameter was 6.6 cm, mean distance between tumor and esophageal resection margin was 1.5 cm, and proportions of tumor invasion into the dentate line, nerves, and vessels were 80.0% (24/30), 86.7%(26/30), and 93.3% (28/30), respectively. The mean number of lymph nodes resected was 20.4±8.9. The pathological stage was mainly T4 (n=18, 60.0%) and N3 (n=21, 70.0%), the median Ki67 was 52.7%, and the rates of positivity for HER2, EGFR, VEGFR, E-cadherin and PD-L1 were 40.0% (12/30), 46.7% (14/30), 80.0% (24/30), 86.7% (26/30) and 16.7% (5/30), respectively. At the cellular level, cancer cells were mainly distributed in small focal areas, as cell masses, or as tumor thrombi; large numbers of widely distributed atypic cells were seldom observed. At the tissue level, cancer cells were located in the mucosal layer in seven patients (23.3%), in the submucosal layer in 18 (60.0%), and in the muscular layer in five (16.7%); no cancer cells were identified in the outer membrane. Five of the seven tumors were located in the lamina propria, two in the muscularis mucosae, and none in the mucosal epithelium. Conclusion: Patients with skip metastasis at the esophageal resection margin at radical gastrectomy have unfavorable tumor biology and a high proliferation index, are at a late pathological stage, and the residual cancer is mostly located in the submucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Margins of Excision , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrectomy , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 209-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970182

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the short-term curative effect with minimally invasive right infra-axillary thoracotomy for transaortic modified Morrow procedure. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure from August 2021 to August 2022 at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 29 females, with the age (M (IQR)) of 54.0(22.3) years (range: 15 to 71 years). The echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of moderate mitral regurgitation in 30 patients, and severe mitral regurgitation in 13 patients. Systolic anterior motion (SAM) was present preoperatively in 54 patients. All 60 patients underwent transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary thoracotomy using femorofemoral cardiopulmonary bypass. Surgical procedures mainly included transverse aortic incision, exposure of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), septal myectomy, and correction of the abnormal mitral valve and subvalvular structures. Results: All 60 patients underwent the programmatic procedures successfully without conversion to full sternotomy. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (142.0±32.1) minutes (range: 89 to 240 minutes), while the cross-clamp time was (95.0±23.5) minutes (range: 50 to 162 minutes). The patients had a postoperative peak LVOT gradient of 7.0 (5.0) mmHg (range: 0 to 38 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). A total of 57 patients were extubated on the operating table. The drainage volume in the first 24 h was (175.9±57.0) ml (range: 60 to 327 ml). The length of intensive care unit stay was 21.0 (5.8)h (range: 8 to 120 h) and postoperative hospital stay was 8 (5) days (range: 5 to 19 days). The postoperative septal thickness was 11 (2) mm (range: 8 to 14 mm). All patients had no iatrogenic ventricular septal perforation or postoperative residual SAM. The patients were followed up for 4 (9) months (range: 1 to 15 months), and none of them needed cardiac surgery again due to valve dysfunction or increased peak LVOT gradient during follow-up. Conclusion: Using a video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary minithoracotomy can provide good visualization of the LVOT and hypertrophic ventricular septum, ensure optimal exposure of the mitral valve in the presence of complex mitral subvalvular structures, so that allows satisfactory short-term surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 36-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953756

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a near infrared (NIR) quantitative model for the dissolution behavior of aripiprazole tablets. Methods The NIR spectra of aripiprazole tablets were collected and the dissolution tests were performed to determine the dissolution of each tablet at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 30 min. The near infrared spectra regions of 4 000.00-4 396.90, 5 326.43-12 000.00 cm−1 were pretreated by Savitzky-Golay smoothing filter, and the dissolution behavior model was established by partial least squares method. Results The root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) at different time points were analyzed. RMSEP was lower than 8%. The calibration correlation coefficient (RC) and the prediction correlation coefficient (RP) at different time points were above 0.95 (except for the point of 6 min). There was a good correlation between the NIR spectrum and the dissolution at each time point. Conclusion NIR spectroscopy could predict the dissolution behavior of aripiprazole tablets, which lays a foundation for online quality monitoring of tablets by NIR spectroscopy.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1887-1902, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982841

ABSTRACT

Wound healing is a dynamic process that involves a series of molecular and cellular events aimed at replacing devitalized and missing cellular components and/or tissue layers. Recently, extracellular vesicles (EVs), naturally cell-secreted lipid membrane-bound vesicles laden with biological cargos including proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, have drawn wide attention due to their ability to promote wound healing and tissue regeneration. However, current exploitation of EVs as therapeutic agents is limited by their low isolation yields and tedious isolation processes. To circumvent these challenges, bioinspired cell-derived nanovesicles (CDNs) that mimic EVs were obtained by shearing mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) through membranes with different pore sizes. Physical characterisations and high-throughput proteomics confirmed that MSC-CDNs mimicked MSC-EVs. Moreover, these MSC-CDNs were efficiently uptaken by human dermal fibroblasts and demonstrated a dose-dependent activation of MAPK signalling pathway, resulting in enhancement of cell proliferation, cell migration, secretion of growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins, which all promoted tissue regeneration. Of note, MSC-CDNs enhanced angiogenesis in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells in a 3D PEG-fibrin scaffold and animal model, accelerating wound healing in vitro and in vivo. These findings suggest that MSC-CDNs could replace both whole cells and EVs in promoting wound healing and tissue regeneration.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 600-603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the impact created by the reallocation of a tertiary hospital on the neurosurgery inpatients volume in the functional core area of Beijing as the capital city, for reference to improve the healthcare resource reallocation policy.Methods:The data were obtained from the data sheet of discharged patients and the monthly report of medical statistics in Beijing. The study analyzed the average monthly neurosurgery inpatients volume, surgical beds and bed utilization rate of secondary or higher level hospitals from the core area, a tertiary hospital(hospital A), and as well as three tertiary hospitals(hospitals B, C and D)within 5 kilometers of Hospital A original location before and after the reallocation of Hospitls A. Periods of November 2017 to August 2018 and November 2018 to August 2019 respectively serve as the time frame before and after the relocation of Hospital A.Results:After the reallocation, the average monthly total inpatients volume, inpatients volume from other places, and local inpatients volume of neurosurgery at secondary or higher level hospitals in the core area decreased from 2 238, 1 610 and 628 to 1 526, 996 and 530 respectively. The inpatients volume changes were all statistically different( P<0.001). The number of neurosurgery inpatients in Hospital A and Hospital B increased from 983 and 659 to 1 316 and 934 respectively, as well as the number of neurosurgery inpatients in Hospital C and Hospital D did not change much. After the relocation of Hospital A, the number of surgical beds in secondary or higher level hospitals in the core area was reduced from 5 213 to 4 782, while that of Hospital A increased from 557 to 750, while the other three tertiary hospitals remained unchanged. The changes of bed utilization rate of the 4 hosptials were all less than 7.00%. Conclusions:After the reallocation Hospital A, the neurosurgery inpatient volume in the core area decreased, which was mainly contributed by the decrease of patients from other places, suggesting a positive outcome by the reallocation of healthcare resources in Beijing. On the other hand, it is necessary to study the influence of alternative medical resources on the reallocation effect.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 944-948, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express and purify the antigenic peptide of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid conserved regions in prokaryotic cells and prepare its rabbit polyclonal antibody.@*METHODS@#The DNA sequence encoding the conserved regions of AAV capsid protein was synthesized and cloned into the vector pET30a to obtain the plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR for prokaryotic expression and purification of the conserved peptides. Coomassie blue staining and Western blotting were used to identify the AAV conserved peptides. Japanese big ear white rabbits were immunized with AAV conserved region protein to prepare polyclonal antibody, with the rabbits injected with PBS as the control group. The antibody titer was determined with ELISA, and the performance of the antibody for recognizing capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10 was assessed with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#The plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR was successfully constructed, and a recombinant protein with a relative molecular mass of 17000 was obtained. The purified protein induced the production of antibodies against the conserved regions of AAV capsid in rabbits, and the titer of the purified antibodies reached 1:320 000. The antibodies were capable of recognizing a wide range of capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10.@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained the polyclonal antibodies against AAV capsid conserved region protein from rabbits, which facilitate future studies of AAV vector development and the biological functions of AAV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Antibodies , Capsid , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Prokaryotic Cells , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 28-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935466

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-translocation renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Two cases of ALK-translocation renal cell carcinoma diagnosed from January 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed to characterize their morphological features, immunohistochemical expression and prognosis. Multiple molecular studies including fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and next-generation sequencing were performed to characterize the genetic alterations. Results: Two patients included one male and one female, with 59 and 57 years old, respectively. Morphologically, case 1 resembled collecting duct carcinoma or renal medullary carcinoma, which demonstrated tubular, microcapsule and reticular structures, with a remarkable myxoid background and lymphocytes infiltration; case 2 resembled Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma or type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma, which demonstrated tubular papillary and focal solid structures, with flocculent cytoplasm and many foamy histiocytes, but without myxoid background and lymphocytes infiltration. Immunohistochemistry showed strongly positive expression of ALK. CK7, E-cadherin, vimentin, PAX8 and CD10 showed various degrees of expression, and other antibodies were nonreactive. A variety of molecular assays showed definite ALK gene translocation, with rare VCL-ALK gene fusion (VCL exon and 16-ALK exon 20) in case 1, and EML4-ALK gene fusion (EML4 exon and 2-ALK exon 20) in case 2. Conclusions: ALK-translocation renal cell carcinoma is rare with various morphological features, and is easy to miss and misdiagnose. The characteristic ALK expression and molecular detection of ALK translocation are helpful for diagnosing this type of renal cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/genetics , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 23-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935465

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical pathological characteristics, immunophenotype, molecular changes and prognosis of the papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity (PRNRP). Methods: Nine cases of PRNRP, diagnosed from 2013 to 2019, were retrieved from the Department of Pathology of Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine. Histomorphology, immunophenotype and molecular genetics were analyzed with review of the literatures. Results: There were five male and four female patients, aged from 49 to 70 years, with an average age of 60.1 years. During a mean follow-up of 29 months, one patient died for other cause, and the others survived without disease. Microscopically, the tumor cells arranged in papillary structure with a fibrovascular core, the surface of which was covered with a single layer of cuboidal or columnar cells. The most prominent feature was that the tumor nuclei located at the top of the cytoplasm far from the basement membrane, and they were monotonous in size and arranged neatly with no or few nucleoli. Immunohistochemically, all nine cases of PRNRP showed diffuse positive expression of CK7 and E-cadherin, various degrees of P504s expression, and no expression of CD10 and CD117, with a Ki-67 index of 1%-3%. Unlike other papillary renal cell carcinoma, the nine cases of PRNRP all showed characteristic positive expression of GATA3. The fluorescence in situ hybridization assay showed that the majority of PRNRPs (8/9) did not have triploids on chromosomes 7 and 17. The sequencing of the KRAS gene confirmed the presence of a nonsense KRAS mutation in 8 of the 9 cases. Conclusions: PRNRP is a subtype of papillary renal cell carcinoma with characteristic morphological, immunophenotypic and molecular features, and indolent behaviors. More data are needed to define PRNRP as "carcinoma", and a definitive diagnosis of PRNRP is of great significance for proper treatment choice and accurate prognostication.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 614-619, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and blood lipid indexes in patients with sepsis.Methods:Patients with sepsis or septic shock who were ≥ 18 years old and met the Sepsis-3.0 diagnostic criteria admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Binzhou Medical University Hospital from January to October 2021 were enrolled. Healthy adults at the same period were selected as healthy control group. Baseline characteristics, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were recorded. Venous blood samples were collected within 24 hours after diagnosis, and serum PCSK9 was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at 1, 3 days and 5 days. Meanwhile, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and lipoprotein A were detected. The differences of each index between sepsis group (28-day death group and survival group) and healthy control group were compared. Meanwhile, the indexes of patients with different severity and 28-day prognosis in sepsis group were compared. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of PCSK9 and blood lipid for the prognosis of sepsis. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors for the prognosis of sepsis, and the Kaplan-Meier survival curve at 28th day was drawn.Results:There were 50 patients in sepsis group (including 19 patients with sepsis, 31 patients with septic shock) and 27 patients in healthy control group. In the sepsis group, 19 patients died and 31 patients survived within 28 days. The serum PCSK9 in the sepsis group was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group [μg/L: 223.09 (198.47, 250.82) vs. 188.00 (165.27, 214.90), P < 0.01], and HDL-C, LDL-C, TC and lipoprotein A were significantly lower than those in the healthy control group [HDL-C (mmol/L): 0.82±0.35 vs. 1.45±0.24, LDL-C (mmol/L): 1.53 (1.14, 2.47) vs. 2.89 (2.55, 3.19), TC (mmol/L): 2.03 (1.39, 2.84) vs. 4.24 (3.90, 4.71), lipoprotein A (g/L): 8.80 (5.66, 17.56) vs. 27.03 (14.79, 27.03), all P < 0.01]. PCSK9 in the sepsis death group was higher than that in the survival group [μg/L: 249.58 (214.90, 315.77) vs. 207.01 (181.50, 244.95), P < 0.01], and the HDL-C, LDL-C and TC were lower than those in the survival group [HDL-C (mmol/L): 0.64±0.35 vs. 0.93±0.30, LDL-C (mmol/L): 1.32±0.64 vs. 2.08±0.94, TC (mmol/L): 1.39 (1.01, 2.23) vs. 2.69 (1.72, 3.81), all P < 0.01]. With the progression of the disease, the PCSK9 in the sepsis death group and the survival group was significantly lower than that within 1 day of diagnosis (all P < 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that PCSK9 had higher predictive value of 28-day death than HDL-C, LDL-C, TC [area under ROC curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.748 (0.611-0.885) vs. 0.710 (0.552-0.868), 0.721 (0.575-0.867), 0.702 (0.550-0.854)]. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that PCSK9 was an independent risk factor affecting the 28-day prognosis of sepsis (β value was 1.014, P = 0.020). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that when PCSK9 ≥ 208.97 μg/L, with the increase of PCSK9, the 28-day survival rate of sepsis patients decreased significantly. Conclusions:PCSK9, HDL-C, LDL-C and TC can all predict the 28-day prognosis of patients with sepsis. The prognostic value of PCSK9 is the highest. PCSK9 is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of sepsis. In the early stage of the disease, PCSK9 may have a good predictive value for the prognosis of sepsis. When PCSK9 ≥ 208.97 μg/L, the 28-day survival rate decreased significantly.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 701-704, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the teaching effect of organ system based learning model on undergraduate clinical practice teaching of anesthesiology.Methods:Thirty-five undergraduates of Batch 2013 who practiced in the Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (round 2) were enrolled as the control group; another 27 undergraduates of Batch 2014 were enrolled as the experimental group. The examination before entering the department evaluated the basic knowledge levels of the two groups. The control group was given the traditional practice teaching mode, while the experimental group was given the practice teaching mode based on organ system. The teaching effect of the organ system based learning model on the practice of department of anesthesiology was evaluated by the examination after the practice and questionnaire survey on students. SPSS 19.0 was used for data statistics and t test was conducted for analysis. Results:There was no significant difference in gender, age and admission education performance between the two groups ( P=0.168, 0.592, 0.750). In the quality and analysis scores of the medical records, the review defense scores, and the theoretical scores, the average scores of the experiment group were all higher than those in the control group ( P=0.021, <0.001, <0.001) at the end of the practice; there was no significant difference in operational exam between the two groups ( P=0.106). The results of questionnaire survey showed that the average scores of the experiment group in the satisfaction of learning mode, teaching efficiency, education and teaching level and teaching information were all higher than those in the control group ( P<0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001); there was no significant difference between the two groups in students' learning efficiency and inspiration ( P=0.778, 0.104). Conclusion:The organ system based learning model in undergraduate clinical practice teaching of anesthesiology has significantly improved the education quality, the theoretical achievement and comprehensive ability of interns.

16.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 794-799, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), degree of insulin resistance and thyroid nodule imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) grading in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with T2DM from February 2020 to November 2021 in Kunshan Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 56 patients had no thyroid nodules (non-thyroid nodule group), all patients were TI-RADS grade 1; 64 patients had thyroid nodules (thyroid nodule group), including 7 cases of TI-RADS grade 2, 12 cases of TI-RADS grade 3, 20 cases of TI-RADS grade 4, and 25 cases of TI-RADS grade 5. The levels of IGF-1 and TSH were measured by automated biochemical analyzer, the homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Spearman method was used for correlation analysis; multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of TI-RADS grading in patients with T2DM combined with thyroid nodules; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the efficacy of IGF-1, TSH and HOMA-IR in predicting TI-RADS grading in patients with T2DM combined with thyroid nodules.Results:The IGF-1, TSH and HOMA-IR in thyroid nodule group were significantly higher than those in non-thyroid nodule group: (185.35 ± 45.08) ng/L vs. (168.36 ± 30.25) ng/L, (2.98 ± 0.85) mU/L vs. (2.69 ± 0.35) mU/L and 3.25 ± 0.75 vs. 2.95 ± 0.44, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or <0.01). In patients with T2DM combined with thyroid nodules, with the increase of TI-RADS classification, the IGF-1, TSH and HOMA-IR gradually increased, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis result showed that the levels of IGF-1, TSH and HOMA-IR were positive correlation with TI-RADS grading ( r = 0.918, 0.906 and 0.920; P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that the IGF-1, TSH and HOMA-IR were independent risk factors for TI-RADS grading in patients with T2DM combined with thyroid nodule ( OR = 1.684, 1.044 and 1.851; 95% CI 0.674 to 6.665, 0.032 to 0.055 and 1.212 to 2.298; P<0.01 or <0.05). ROC curve analysis result show that the area under the curve of IGF-1, TSH and HOMA-IR for predicting the TI-RADS grading patients with T2DM combined with thyroid nodule were 0.946, 0.983 and 0.975, with all sensitivity of 100.00%, and specificity of 82.14%, 91.07% and 89.29%. Conclusions:There is a correlation between IGF-1, TSH, HOMA-IR and TI-RADS grading in patients with T2DM combined with thyroid nodule, which has some guiding value for clinical monitoring of thyroid nodule changes.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 375-385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935157

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics, diagnosis and treatment status of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) of Chinese patients. Methods: Complete literature review was performed to summarize Chinese TTS cases between 2007 and 2018. Results: A total of 131 literatures were included including 160 TTS patients (age (58.3±14.7) years). There were 137 female patients (85.6%) in this cohort, the age was (59.6±14.0) years. There were 124 cases (77.5%) of stress-evoking factors, of which 83 cases (66.9%) were self-stress factors. There were 97 cases (60.6%) complained of chest pain and 15 cases (9.4%) with syncope. Forty-eight cases (30.0%) presented with cardiogenic shock. CK-MB and cTnT/I increased in 109 cases (80.1%). There were 124 cases (77.5%) presented with ST segment elevation on electrocardiogram, which were common in lead V2-V5. Echocardiography results were available in 128 cases (80.0%), reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (<50%) was reported in 78 cases (73.6%). Coronary angiography was performed in 133 patients (83.1%), of which 126 patients (94.7%) had normal coronary arteries or single non-significant stenosis. One hundred and thirty-eight patients (87.3%) were apical type. The misdiagnosis rate on admission was 96.9% (155/160), of which 141 cases (88.1%) were misdiagnosed as acute myocardial infarction. Nitroglycerin was used in 36 patients (30.3%). Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor antagonist were used in 38 patients (31.9%). β blockers were used in 46 patients (38.7 %). Dopamine was used in 22 cases (18.5%) and norepinephrine was used in 12 cases (10.1%). Intra-aortic balloon counter pulsation was used in 5 cases (3.1%). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed in 9 cases (5.6%). Cardiac function recovery time was 7 (6, 15) days. The average InterTAK diagnosis score was (51.5±18.1) points, and value was>70 points in 2 cases (1.3%). There were 92 patients in the high-risk group, and there were 3 recurrent TTS cases. Five patients died. Conclusions: TTS incidence tends to be young and dominates in female in China. The misdiagnosis rate is extremely high on admission. Most patients are treated with medication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Stroke Volume/physiology , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/diagnosis , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 263-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920764

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the correlation between frailty and lifestyle factors among middle-aged and elderly populations, so as to provide insights into the management of frailty among middle-aged and elderly populations.@*Methods @#Middle-aged and elderly residents at ages of 45 ot 69 years were recruited using the convenient sampling method from seven townships in Changxing County of Zhejiang Province from 2019 to 2020. The demographic characteristics and lifestyle factors were collected using questionnaires, and the frailty was measured using the Chinese version of Tilburg Frailty Indicator ( TFI ). Factors affecting frailty were identified among middle-aged and elderly populations using the multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 7 170 residents were surveyed, including 2 780 males ( 38.77% ) and 4 390 females ( 61.23% ), which had a median age of 56 (interquartile range, 10) years. The median frailty score was 2 (interquartile range, 3 ) among the study subjects, and the median frailty score was 2 ( interquartile range, 2 ) among residents at ages of 45 to 59 years, and 2 (interquartile range, 3) among residents at ages of 60 to 69 years. The overall detection of frailty was 16.07%, and the detection of frailty was 13.52% among subjects at ages of 45 to 59 years and 21.01% among subjects at ages of 60 to 69 years. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified physical activity ( OR=0.826, 95%CI: 0.719-0.949 ) and sleep quality ( OR: 3.376-11.493, 95%CI: 2.907-15.808 ) as factors affecting frailty among middle-aged and elderly residents. Following age stratification, physical activity ( OR=0.817, 95%CI: 0.681-0.981 ) and sleep quality ( OR: 3.076-11.566, 95%CI: 2.518-18.216 ) as factors affecting frailty among subjects at ages of 45 to 59 years, while sleep quality ( OR: 3.777-11.827, 95%CI: 3.002-18.547 ) significantly correlated with frailty among residents at ages of 60 to 69 years.@*Conclusion@#Physical activity and sleep quality are associated with the risk of frailty among middle-aged and elderly populations.

19.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 123-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the degree and influencing factors of glycosylated hemoglobin ( HbA1c ) control among patients with type 2 diabetes ( T2DM ) living in rural communities of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the reference for optimizing the management of diabetes patients in rural communities.@*Methods@#Permanent adult patients with T2DM that were registered and received standardized management in all communities of Jiashan County and Suichang County, and 6 communities of Yongkang City, Zhejiang Province in 2016 were recruited, and their demographic characteristics were captured from the health record system and chronic disease management system. The height, body weight, waist circumstance and blood pressure were measured, and HbA1c and blood lipid parameters were detected. The degree of HbA1c control ( <7% ) was analyzed, and its influencing factors were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 10 339 patients with T2DM were enrolled, including 4 520 men ( 43.72% ) and 5 819 women ( 56.28% ), with a mean age of ( 63.54±9.78 ) years and the mean course of diabetes of ( 6.36±4.73 ) years. The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that males ( OR=1.123, 95%CI: 1.024-1.233 ), region ( Suichang, OR=2.413, 95%CI: 2.106-2.765; Yongkang, OR=2.460, 95%CI: 2.188-2.767 ), course of disease ( 5-9 years, OR=1.724, 95%CI: 1.504-1.977; 10 years and longer, OR=2.881, 95%CI: 2.477-3.351 ), use of hypoglycemic drugs ( OR=1.203, 95%CI: 1.089-1.329 ), development of chronic complications ( OR=1.190, 95%CI: 1.027-1.379 ), uncontrolled blood pressure ( OR=1.140, 95%CI: 1.030-1.261 ), uncontrolled blood lipid ( OR=1.258, 95%CI: 1.104-1.433 ), and smoking ( OR=1.318, 95%CI: 1.165-1.491 ) were statistically associated with HbA1c control among T2DM patients.@*Conclusion@#The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89% among T2DM patients in rural communities of Zhejiang Province. HbA1c control should be given a high priority among men living in low-economic-level regions with long course of disease, use of hypoglycemic drugs, chronic complications, smoking, uncontrolled blood pressure and lipid.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 413-417, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965809

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of respiratory movement on the dose distribution in the TOMO therapy target area. Methods The motion phantom was used to simulate human respiratory movement. The SNC patient analysis software was used to compare the films of the study group with those of the control group, and the effect of respiratory movement on the dose distribution in the TOMO target area was evaluated by the “pass rate” index. Results Visual observation showed that the distribution of film gray in the head-foot direction (i.e., direction of movement) was significantly different with or without respiratory movement. Film analysis showed that the maximum deviation between the width of the target wrapping curve and the treatment plan value was about 2.4 mm at no respiratory movement and about 27.2 mm at respiratory movement; the penumbra width of the target area was 31 mm (head direction) and 28.5 mm (foot direction) at no respiratory movement and 39.7 mm (head direction) and 37 mm (foot direction) at respiratory movement; the “pass rate” of target dose distribution was only 12.3%. Conclusion Respiratory movement has a great impact on the dose distribution in the TOMO target area in the direction of movement. When making clinical treatment plan, the impact of respiratory movement on the dose distribution in the TOMO target area can not be ignored.

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