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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of magnetic anchor technique for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the treatment of early esophageal cancer.Methods:A self-designed magnetic anchoring device (including an anchor magnet and a target magnet) was used to perform ESD on the hypothesized esophageal lesion mucosa of six isolated esophagus of Beagle dogs. The feasibility and convenience of the operation was evaluated.Results:ESD of 6 isolated esophagus of dogs was successfully completed. Through adjusting the position of anchor magnet, the pulling direction and force of the target magnet on the mucosa could be flexibly controlled, the mucosal peeling surface was fully exposed, and tissue tension was provided to ensure the smooth removal of the diseased mucosa. The entire operation was smooth, and the target magnet was conveniently retained. No target magnet slippage or mucosal laceration occurred during the operation.Conclusion:The magnetic anchor technique is safe and feasible for the ESD, effectively pulling the diseased mucosa in treatment of early esophageal cancer, which can greatly improve the endoscopic operation experience.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909616

ABSTRACT

Betel nut is the dry and mature seed of Areca catechu L., which is originated in Malaysia and cultivated in Yunnan, Hainan and Taiwan and other tropical areas of China. It is also known as big belly, binmen, olive seed, green seed and so on. Betel nut is a dual-use resource for medicine and food, which was first contained in LI Dang's Pharma?ceutical Record. Betel nut tastes bitter, pungent, warm in nature, and belongs to the stomach and large intestine meridian. It contains a variety of chemical components such as alkaloids, phenolic compounds, polysaccharides, fatty acids, amino acids, flavonoids, minerals, terpenoids, and steroids. It has the advantages of promoting digestion, lowering blood pres?sure, anti-depression, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, and anti-parasites, antibacterial and other activities. The content of total phenols in fresh fruits of areca nut was 31.1%, mainly including catechin, isorhamnetin, chrysopanthoxanthin, luteolin, tannin and other polyphenols. The commonly used methods for determination of polyphenols in areca are vanil?lin titration potassium permanganate titration and potassium ferricyanide spectrophotometry. The main activities and mechanisms of areca polyphenols include: ① Antidepressant effect: polyphenols bind to monoamine oxidase type A (MAO-A) receptors that inhibit the production of neurotransmitters, thereby increasing the content of amine transmitters in the brain and playing a therapeutic effect on depression. ② Antioxidant effect: polyphenols contain multiple adjacent hydroxyl groups, which are easily oxidized and can effectively remove superoxide anion free radical, hydroxyl free radi?cal, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical, showing good antioxidant activity.③Bacteriostatic effect:polyphenols can spe?cifically bind to the surface of bacteria, thus achieving bacteriostatic effect. Studies have found that betel nut polyphenols have varying degrees of inhibitory effects on a variety of bacteria. ④ Inducing apoptosis of lymphocytes: polyphenols deplete the mercaptan in lymphocytes and make them unable to survive, thus inducing apoptosis of lymphocytes.⑤Anti-aging effect: polyphenols have the effect of anti-hyaluronidase and anti-elastase, so as to protect elastin fiber and pro?mote collagen synthesis.⑥Anti-allergic effect:studies have found that polyphenols can reduce ovalbumin induced aller?gic reactions.⑦Other functions:betel nut can freshen breath, eliminate bad breath, and resist the activity of cobra venom. At present, domestic and foreign scholars' research on betel nut mainly focuses on arecoline and its carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, effects on reproductive function, addiction and toxicity to the nervous system, and there are few studies on the positive effects of betel nut, especially on it. There is less research on phenolic ingredients. Therefore, this article reviews the polyphenolic chemical constituents of betel nut, and fully excavates its pharmacological activity to provide a reasonable basis for the scientific use of betel nut.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909605

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases are very high, which has attracted more and more attention all over the world. Common treatment methods for clinical treatment of acute myocardial infarction include direct percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting, which can quickly restore blocked coronary blood flow and reduce the infarct size. However, the inevitable ischemia/reperfusion injury will occur during the recovery of coronary blood flow, its pathological mechanism is complicated, and the Western medicine countermeasures are very limited. Among the current drugs for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, traditional Chinese medicine has become a research hotspot due to its multiple targets, safety, and low side effects. Ginger is the fresh rhizome of Zingiber offici?nale Rosc., a perennial herbaceous plant in the ginger family. It is a dual-purpose resource of medicine and food. Ginger has the functions of relieving the appearance and dispelling cold, warming up and relieving vomiting, resolving phlegm and relieving cough, and relieving fish and crab poison. The chemical components of ginger mainly include volatile oil, gingerol, diphenylheptane, etc.. Among them, 6-gingerol, as the main active component of gingerols, has obvious phar?macological effects in myocardial protection, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, etc.. Studies have shown that 6-gingerol protects myocardium mainly through anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammatory, inhibiting cell apoptosis, and preventing cal?cium influx. ① Anti-oxidative stress: oxidative stress is a state where oxidation and anti-oxidation in the body are out of balance, and it is also an important factor leading to myocardial damage. Many studies have confirmed that 6-gingerol has an antioxidant effect, and it is considered a natural antioxidant. 6-gingerol can significantly reduce the degree of oxi?dative stress and the level of reactive oxygen species caused by cardiomyocyte damage, and has a significant cardiopro?tective effect. ② Anti-inflammatory: inflammation can cause substantial cell damage and organ dysfunction, which is another important cause of myocardial damage. 6-gingerol can reduce the levels of inflammatory factors such as inter?leukin-6, interleukin-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-αin cardiomyocytes, and at the same time inhibit the TLR4/NF-κB sig?naling pathway, an important regulatory pathway of inflammation, showing that it may improve myocardial damage through anti-inflammatory effects. ③ Inhibition of apoptosis: apoptosis is a complex and orderly process in the autono?mous biochemical process of cells, and one of the main mechanisms of myocardial injury. This process can be roughly divided into three pathways: mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and death receptors. Among them, the mitochondrial pathway plays an important role, and Bcl-2 and Bax located upstream of this pathway can regulate the entire process of cell apoptosis by regulating the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane. Studies have found that the preventive application of 6-gingerol can reduce cell damage, reduce the number of apoptotic cells, reduce the activity of Bax and caspase-3, and increase the expression of Bcl-2. Therefore, 6-gingerol pretreatment can reduce the damage of cardio?myocytes, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of apoptosis.④Prevent calcium influx:calcium overload is involved in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemic injury, which may be related to excessive contracture, arrhythmia, and mitochondrial Ca2+accumulation that impairs myocardial function. 6-gingerol inhibits the increase of intracellular Ca2+concentration by inhibiting L-type calcium current, thereby reducing extracellular Ca2+ influx, thereby avoiding calcium overload and playing a cardioprotective effect. In summary, 6-gingerol can effectively treat and improve myocardial isch?emia/reperfusion injury, and it has great development potential in the fields of medicine and health products.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904725

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility of using magnetic beads to locate small pulmonary nodules. Methods    Twelve rabbits were randomly divided into two groups, 6 in each group. One group underwent thoracotomy after anesthesia and the other group underwent percutaneous puncture under the guidance of X-ray. One and two cylindrical tracer magnets (magnetic beads) with a diameter of 1 mm and a height of 3 mm were injected adjacent to the imaginary pulmonary nodules in left lung in each group. The magnetic beads beside the imaginary nodules were attracted by a pursuit magnet with a diameter of 9 mm and a height of 19 mm. The effectiveness of localization by magnetic beads were determined by attraction between tracer and pursuit magnets. Results    All processes were uneven in 12 rabbits. There was micro hemorrhage and no hematoma in the lung tissue at the injection site of the magnetic beads. When tracked with the pursuit magnets, there was one bead divorce in cases that one bead was injected, but no migration or divorce of the magnetic beads in cases that two magnetic beads were simultaneously injected to localize the small pulmonary nodules. Conclusion    The feasibility of using magnetic beads to locate small pulmonary nodules has been  preliminarily verified.

5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 261-265, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888409

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The injury severity score (ISS) and new injury severity score (NISS) have been widely used in trauma evaluation. However, which scoring system is better in trauma outcome prediction is still disputed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the value of the two scoring systems in predicting trauma outcomes, including mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) admission and ICU length of stay.@*METHODS@#The data were collected retrospectively from three hospitals in Zhejiang province, China. The comparisons of NISS and ISS in predicting outcomes were performed by using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and Hosmer-Lemeshow statistics.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1825 blunt trauma patients were enrolled in our study. Finally, 1243 patients were admitted to ICU, and 215 patients died before discharge. The ISS and NISS were equivalent in predicting mortality (area under ORC curve [AUC]: 0.886 vs. 0.887, p = 0.9113). But for the patients with ISS ≥25, NISS showed better performance in predicting mortality. NISS was also significantly better than ISS in predicting ICU admission and prolonged ICU length of stay.@*CONCLUSION@#NISS outperforms ISS in predicting the outcomes for severe blunt trauma and can be an essential supplement of ISS. Considering the convenience of NISS in calculation, it is advantageous to promote NISS in China's primary hospitals.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922070

ABSTRACT

Based on the principle of magnetic anastomosis technique, the design of magnetic anastomosis system for endoscopic tissue clamping is proposed. The system includes a semi-ring magnet, a special structure transparent cap and a detachable push rod. With the help of the existing digestive endoscopy and endoscopic tissue gripper, the endoscopic close clamping and anastomosis of the bleeding or perforated tissue can be completed. After the anastomosis, the magnet falls off and is discharged through the digestive tract. Animal experiments showed that the system was easy to use, the fistula was clamped firmly, the magnet was discharged for 7~21 days, and there was no magnet retention and digestive tract obstruction. Further safety verification, optimization of endoscopic operation, the system can be used in clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Animals , Constriction , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Magnetics , Magnets
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure the maximum corridor parameters of the infra acetabular screw and evaluate the feasibility of screw insertion through digital analysis of the acetabular structure.@*METHODS@#The pelvic CT data of 100 patients who received plain pelvic CT scan from April 2013 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males, aged 20 to 84 years, with an average age of (48.42±17.48) years, and 50 females, aged 18 to 87 years, with an average age of (55.02±19.54) years. Patients with acetabular fractures, hip dysplasia, and metal implants in the acetabulum were excluded. Import CT data into Mimics software in DICOM format to generate a three-dimensional model, and find the axialprojection of the infra-acetabular corridor in the middle of the pubis ramus in the inlet view. A virtual screw was placed in the infra-acetabular space and measure the parameters including the diameter and the length of the maximum corridor, the distance from the insertion point to the pubic symphysis, to the anterosuperior iliac spine and to the medial edge of the pelvis. Then import the pelvic model into 3- matic software, establish the pelvic model anterior pelvic plane and median sagittal plane, and measure the angle between the screw axis and the two planes. A minimum corridor diameter of at least 5 mm was defined as a cutoff for placing a 3.5 mm screw, and calculate the screw insertion rate.@*RESULTS@#In 100 cases, 49% of patients had a infra acetabular corridor with a diameter ≥5 mm, and the rate of screw placement in men was significantly higher than that in women. The average diameter of the maximum corridor of infra-acetabular screw was (4.86±1.72) mm, the average length was (94.04±8.29) mm, the average distance from the insertion point to the pubic symphysis was (60.92±4.84) mm, to the anterosuperior iliac spine was (85.15± 6.85) mm, and to the medial edge of the pelvis was (6.12±3.32) mm. The mean angle between the axis of the screw and the median sagittal plane was (-1.38±4.74)°, and the mean angle between the axis of the screw and the anterior pelvic plane was (56.77±7.93)°. There are significant differences between male and female measured parameters, except for the angle between the screw axis and the anterior pelvic plane. There was no statistically significant difference in the maximum corridor parameters of infra-acetabular screw on both sides of the pelvis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study shows that the insertion rate of infra-acetabular screws is low in local patients, and the feasibility of screw insertion should be fully evaluated before surgery.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Screws , Feasibility Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 197-201,封四, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863302

ABSTRACT

With the development of CT and the popularization of health examination, the detection rate of small pulmonary nodules has been improved. Some small pulmonary nodules could be malignant nodules. Surgical resection is the preferred treatment. Therefore, it is an important task for thoracic surgeons to accurately locate pulmonary nodules during surgery and remove nodules accurately on the premise of maximum protection of lung function. At present, the core of preoperative auxiliary localization of pulmonary nodules is the implantation of markers. The commonly used clinical localization methods include hook wire localization, microcoil localization, methylene blue puncture injection localization and biological glue localization. In this paper, the development status, application scope, advantages and disadvantages of existing localization methods are briefly reviewed, which can provide references for clinical application and follow-up research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the feasibility of a self-designed laparoscopic magnetic anchoring device for assisting thoracoscopic wedge resection.Methods:Six healthy Beagle dogs were selected as animal models, and underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection after general anesthesia. We replaced the pulmonary forceps with a magnetic anchoring device to complete the traction exposure of the lobes, and recorded the operation time of the operation, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, and the safety and feasibility of the magnetic anchoring device.Results:Six Beagle dogs successfully completed a thoracoscopic wedge resection with the aid of a magnetic anchoring device. During the operation, the magnetic anchoring device can completely replaced the exposure function of the pulmonary forceps, effectively eliminating the " chopstick effect" between the instruments during the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic operation. The magnetic anchoring device provided sufficient traction for the surgery to achieve a clear exposure of the field. Tissue damage and magnetic anchoring pliers slip did not occur during the operation. The operation time was(22.67±3.25)min(range 18-26 min), and the intraoperative blood loss was less than 10 ml. The experimental animals survived well after surgery.Conclusion:Magnetic anchoring device is safe and effective for thoracoscopic wedge resection, which can eliminate mutual interference between operating instruments and has potential for clinical application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility of establishing gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits.Methods:Ten healthy New Zealand rabbits were selected as models for gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique. Daughter and parent magnets suitable for gastrointestinal anastomosis in rabbits were designed and manufactured. A daughter magnet was inserted into the stomach through the purse fistula in the lack of blood vessel area of gastric body, and was pushed into the duodenum along the intestinal tract. And then a parent magnet was inserted through the stomach fistula. The daughter and parent magnets were automatically attracted and pressed the gastric and intestinal walls after they were adjusted in the proper position. The stomach fistula was closed with purse string suture. After ischemia, necrosis, detachment of the tissues between magnets, gastrointestinal anastomosis was established, and the magnets and necrotic tissues were expelled together from the body through the digestive tract. Survival of experimental animals was observed. Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after operation. The blasting pressure of anastomotic stoma was measured, and the healing of anastomotic stoma was observed with naked eyes.Results:According to the pre-designed operative route, 10 New Zealand rabbits all successfully completed the operation and survived one month after surgery. No complications occurred during perioperative period. The operation time was 35.80±4.71 min (range 28.00-43.00 min), and the magnet discharge time was 11.40±1.56 days (range 9.00-14.00 days). Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after the operation. Gross observation showed that the anastomotic stoma of gastrointestinal bypass anastomosis healed well, and the surrounding tissues adhered slightly. The anastomotic bursting pressure was 103.00±7.95 mmHg (range 94.00-113.00 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa).Conclusion:The establishment of gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits is simple and effective.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design magnets to locate colorectal neoplasms based on magnetic tracer technology, and to test its feasibility and safety by animal experiments.Methods:The magnets used for endoscopic localization of colorectal tumors consist of a tracer magnet and a pursuit magnet, both of which are ring-shaped Nd-Fe-B magnets. Eight healthy Beagle dogs were used as animal models. Tumor locations were assumed in the different parts of the colon and rectum under colonoscopy. The tracer magnet was sent to the hypothetical tumors by endoscopic soft tissue clamp and fixed near the tumors. After 24 hours, laparoscopic surgery was performed under general anesthesia. The pursuit magnet was inserted near the resected colon or rectum through the main operating hole. The tracer magnet was absorbed to the pursuit magnet to identify the location of tumors.Results:The tracer magnet and pursuit magnet were successfully designed and processed. The suction force between the tracer magnet and the pursuit magnet at zero distance was 16 N. All the 8 Beagle dogs successfully received indwelling of magnets under colonoscopy, and no magnets fell off after 24 hours. After the placement of pursuit magnet under laparoscopy, the two magnets attracted each other rapidly and accurately, and successfully completed localization of tumor site without any damage during the operation.Conclusion:Colonoscopy combined with laparoscopy for colorectal neoplasms localization based on magnetic tracer technique is simple, accurate, safe and feasible.

12.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 395-407, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899305

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A phase II study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative, intra-arterial perfusion of epirubicin, etoposide, and oxaliplatin combined with oral chemotherapy S-1 (SEEOX) for the treatment of type 4 gastric cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#A single-center, single-arm phase II trial was conducted on 36 patients with histologically proven type 4 gastric cancer without distant peritoneal or organ metastasis. Patients received 3, 21-day courses of SEEOX preoperative chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and the secondary outcomes assessed were chemotherapeutic response, radical resection rate, pathological regression, toxicities, postoperative morbidity, and mortality. @*Results@#All patients were at an advanced stage of cancer (stage III or IV) and completed the entire course of treatment. Based on changes in tumor volume and peritoneal metastasis, the objective response rate was 55.6% (20/36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 38.5%–72.6%) and the disease control rate was 69.4% (25/36; 95% CI, 53.6%–85.3%). The radical resection rate was 75% (27/36; 95% CI, 60.1%–89.9%) and the proportion of R0 resections was 66.7% (21/36; 95% CI, 50.5%–82.8%). The pathological response rate was 33.3%, of which 13.9% showed complete pathological regression. The median survival was 27.1 months (95% CI, 22.24–31.97 months), and the 2-year OS was 48.5% (95% CI, 30.86%–66.1%). @*Conclusions@#Preoperative SEEOX is a safe and effective treatment for type 4 gastric cancer. Based on these preliminary data, a phase III study will be conducted to confirm the superiority of this regimen over standard treatment.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02949258

13.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 395-407, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891601

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A phase II study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative, intra-arterial perfusion of epirubicin, etoposide, and oxaliplatin combined with oral chemotherapy S-1 (SEEOX) for the treatment of type 4 gastric cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#A single-center, single-arm phase II trial was conducted on 36 patients with histologically proven type 4 gastric cancer without distant peritoneal or organ metastasis. Patients received 3, 21-day courses of SEEOX preoperative chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and the secondary outcomes assessed were chemotherapeutic response, radical resection rate, pathological regression, toxicities, postoperative morbidity, and mortality. @*Results@#All patients were at an advanced stage of cancer (stage III or IV) and completed the entire course of treatment. Based on changes in tumor volume and peritoneal metastasis, the objective response rate was 55.6% (20/36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 38.5%–72.6%) and the disease control rate was 69.4% (25/36; 95% CI, 53.6%–85.3%). The radical resection rate was 75% (27/36; 95% CI, 60.1%–89.9%) and the proportion of R0 resections was 66.7% (21/36; 95% CI, 50.5%–82.8%). The pathological response rate was 33.3%, of which 13.9% showed complete pathological regression. The median survival was 27.1 months (95% CI, 22.24–31.97 months), and the 2-year OS was 48.5% (95% CI, 30.86%–66.1%). @*Conclusions@#Preoperative SEEOX is a safe and effective treatment for type 4 gastric cancer. Based on these preliminary data, a phase III study will be conducted to confirm the superiority of this regimen over standard treatment.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02949258

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870414

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the feasibility and safety of stomach tumor marker localization based on magnetic tracer technique in dogs.Methods Six male Beagle dogs were examined by gastroscopy.Then tracer magnets were sent to the "tumor" locations assumed in advance and fixed near the "tumors" by endoscopic soft tissue clamp.Laparoscopic gastric tumor localization was performed under general anesthesia 24 hours later.The tracer magnet was placed near the tumor on the surface of the stomach through the operating hole after the conventional establishment of laparoscope puncture parallel mirror to explore the tracer magnet.After the two magnets were attracted,the location of the tracer magnet seen under the laparoscope was the location of the gastric tumor,so as to complete the labeling and positioning of the lesion.Results All the 6 Beagle dogs were successfully implanted with tracer magnets under gastroscopy.Twenty-four hours after the gastroscopy,the pursuit magnet was successfully implanted during laparoscopic surgery.The two magnets automatically attracted each other and formed a sandwich structure of "tracer magnet-gastric wall-pursuit magnet ",which completed the location and identification of gastric tumor under the laparoscopy.Conclusion Gastroscopy combined with laparoscopy based on magnetic tracer technique is simple,accurate,safe and feasible.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe effects of (, TLZT) gel preparation on p53, miR-502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissue of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore mechanism of TLZT gel preparation in treating KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirthy-six Wistar rats aged 8 weeks and weighed 200 to 220 g (meaned 208 g) were randomly divided into normal group, model group and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, 12 rats in each group. KOA model was established by modified Hulth method. After 4 weeks of modeling, TCM group treated with TLZT gel preparation for external use, 3 times daily for 2 weeks;normal group and model group were fed normally without intervention. After treatment, morphological changes of specimens in each group were observed, changes of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR, and contents of p53, NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR and Western Blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1)Morphological observation of specimens showed that the articular cartilage in model group was hyaline and uneven, the synovial membranes were hypertrophic and proliferative with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating, the joint fluid was thicker in texture;the articular cartilage in TCM group was more transparent and smooth, synovial hyperplasia was mild with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the texture of articular fluid was clear and sparse. (2) Compared with normal group, content of miR-502-5p of synovial tissue in model and TCM group were increased, mRNA and expression of p53 decreased, expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 increased. (3)Compared with model group, content of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue of TCM group decreased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of p53 increased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 decreased (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of p53, miR-502 -5p, NF -κBp65 in synovial tissue is closely related to synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory reaction, TLZT gel preparation may reduce proliferation and inflammatory reaction of KOA synovium by regulating the expression of p53, miR- 502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , MicroRNAs , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Synovial Membrane , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
16.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834290

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#p21, an important member of the Cip/Kip family, is involved in inhibitory effects of RUNX1b overexpression during the early stage of human hematopoiesis. @*Methods@#and Results: We established a human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line with inducible expression of p21 (p21/hESCs). Overexpression of p21 did not influence either mesoderm induction or emergence of CD34+ cells, but it significantly decreased the production of CD43+ cells and changed the expression profile of hematopoiesis-related factors, leading to the negative effects of p21 on hematopoiesis. @*Conclusions@#In RUNX1b/hESC co-cultures when RUNX1b was induced from D0, perturbation of the cell cycle caused by upregulation of p21 probably prevented the appearance of CD43+ cells, but not CD34+ cells. The mechanisms via which CD34+ cells are blocked by RUNX1b overexpression remain to be elucidated.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) exhibits heart protective effect in myocardial infarction (MI) rats and to identify the potential signaling pathways involved.@*METHODS@#MI rats induced by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were assigned to sham coronary artery ligation or coronary artery ligation. Totally 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (distilled water, n=9), MI group (distilled water, n=9), PNS group (PNS, 40 mg/kg daily, n=9) and fosinopril group (FIP, 1.2 mg/kg daily, n=9) according to a random number table. The left ventricular morphology and function were conducted by echocardiography. Histological alterations were evaluated by the stainings of HE and Masson. The serum levels of C reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and the ratio of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of MMP-9 (TIMP-1) were determined by ELISA. The levels of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MAP2K3), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β1), collagen I, nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NFκB p65), phosphorylation of NFκB p65 (p-NFκB p65), and phosphorylation of inhibitory kappa Bα (p-Iκ Bα) in hearts were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#PNS improved cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats (P<0.05). The serum levels of CRP, TNF-α, GDF-15 and the ratio of MMP9/TIMP1 were reversed by PNS in MI rats. The expressions of TGF-β1, collagen I, MAP2K3, p38 MAPK, p-p38 MAPK, NFκB p65, p-NFκB p65, and p-IκBα were down-regulated, while ATF3 increased with the treatment of PNS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PNS may improve cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats via regulating ATF3/MAP2K3/p38 MAPK and NFκB signaling pathways. These results suggest the potential of PNS in preventing the development of ventricular remodeling in MI rats.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801175

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of magnetic tracer technique for preoperative endoscopic marking in laparoscopic surgery.@*Methods@#In the preliminary study, a total of 8 patients with gastric (n=3) or colorectal (n=5) tumors underwent endoscopic magnetic marking before laparoscopic surgery from April to June in 2019. First, a magnet was attached to the lesion by 2 titanium clips under the endoscope. Second, during the subsequent laparoscopic operations, the other magnet was sent to the vicinity of the lesion through the laparoscopic tunnel. The magnet in the abdominal cavity was quickly attracted to the one in the gastrointestinal tract to successfully locate the lesions. Data of preoperative marking and operations of 8 patients were reviewed.@*Results@#All 8 lesions were marked successfully, rapid and accurate intraoperative positioning was achieved. The mean time of endoscopic marking was 5.75±2.45 minutes, and the mean time of intraoperative localization was 1.94±0.56 minutes. All patients underwent laparoscopic tumor resections with accurate localization. The mean proximal and distal resection margins of colorectal tumors were 105 mm and 74 mm respectively. No complications occurred.@*Conclusion@#Magnetic tracer technique for laparoscopic localization, simple, safe and accurate for gastrointestinal lesions, can be performed without additional equipment or endoscopic procedures involved.

19.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1564-1567,1578, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789898

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictive value of CT image texture analysis for early enlargement of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.Methods One hundred and eight patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were divided into enlarged hematoma group (positive group)and non-enlarged hematoma group (negative group),according to whether the volume of hematoma on 24 h follow up CT scan was more than 30% or 6 mL of the baseline CT.Phillis Radiomics Tool V93 software was used to segment the hematoma on CT plain scan images of two groups,four features of first-order and three of gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM),thirteen of gray-level size zone matricx (GLSZM)and eleven of gray-level run-length matricx (GLRLM)were obtained.The differences of thirty-one texture features between the two groups were compared.The ROC curves of the features with statistical differences were analyzed.The independent predictors of early enlargement of intracerebral hemorrhage were screened by Logistic multivariate regression model.Results Among the one hundred and eight patients,twenty-eight were positive group and eighty were negative group.Skewness and long run low gray-level emphasis (LRLGE)in positive group were significantly higher than those in negative group (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the remaining twenty-nine features between the two groups (P>0.05).ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of Skewness,LRLGE and their combined diagnosis were 0.634,0.814 and 0.828,respectively.The independent variables were screened by stepwise regression analysis.The LRLGE (OR=1.238,95%CI=1.009-1.51 9,P<0.05)was selected as the regression model, suggesting that LRLGE was an independent predictor of the early enlargement of intracerebral hemorrhage.Conclusion Texture analysis of CT images is helpful to predict the early enlargement of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage,and LRLGE based on GLRLM algorithm can be used as an independent predictor.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the chemical constituent cluster of classical herbal formulae Baoyinjian systemically by HPLC-Q/TOF-MS. Methods: The seperation was performed on Diamonsil C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column with gradient elution with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid. The column temperature was 30 ℃, the flow rate was 1 mL/min, the injection volume was 10 μL, and the mass spectrometry condition was X500R QTOF mass spectrometer, electrospray ion source, positive and negative mode scanning. Results: A total of 52 chemical constituents were identified by reference confirmation, literature comparison, and high mass spectrometry data analysis. The chemical constituent cluster was composed of 17 flavonoids, six phenolics, 12 iridoid glycosides, eight alkaloids, one phenethyl alcohol glycosides, four monoterpene glycoside, two triterpenes and two other compound. Conclusion: This study can identify various chemical constituents of Baoyinjian systematically, accurately, and rapidly, which provides a basis for the determination of the quality attributes of Baoyinjian.

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