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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 557-564, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013654

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of spleen- were obtained for the treatment of acute-on-chronic livstrengthening and moisture-nourishing liver prescription er failure, and 244 intersecting target genes and 7 core (JPLSYGF) in the treatment of acute-on-chronic liver target genes were screened. Molecular docking showed failure using network pharmacology and the molecular that the core target genes AKT1, SRC, VEGFA, docking. Methods Relying on TCMSP and Gene- STAT3 , EGFR, MAPK3 , HRAS had good affinity with Cards and other databases, the relevant targets of JPL- quercetin, the main active component in the JPLSYGF in the treatment of acute-on-chronic liver failure SYGF, and had strong binding activity. In addition, in were obtained. String and Cytoscape were used to con- vivo tests verified that the JPLSYGF could reduce the struct PPI networks of targets, core targets were expression of HRAS, EGFR, STAT3 , SRC, and VEGscreened out, and DAVID was used for GO function FA, to delay the progression of acute-on-chronic liver annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. failure. Conclusions JPLSYGF may act on core tar- The main active ingredients of the traditional Chinese gets such as HRAS, EGFR, STAT3, SRC, VEGFA medicine compound formula for JPLSYGF were select- and so on, to achieve the effect of treating acute-oned with a bioavailability OB value of =Э 30% and a chronic liver failure. drug-like DL

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the shape of the lateral wall and the early failure of internal fixation in the fracture of the femoral trochanteric region(FFT).@*METHODS@#Total 295 patients with femoral trochanteric fracture underwent internal fixation from January 2015 to January 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether there was early internal fixation failure after surgery, 19 patients in the failure group and 276 patients in the normal group. Gender, affected side, age, AO classification, body mass index(BMI), preoperative hemoglobin, X-ray measurement of lower lateral wall thickness, preoperative internal diseases, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative tip apex distance(TAD), postoperative neck shaft angle, operation time and other data were compared between two groups. The shape of the lateral wall was compared between two groups, and the correlation between the shape of the lateral wall and the early internal fixation failure of femoral trochanteric fracture was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for more than 1 year. There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative TAD, and postoperative neck shaft angle(P>0.05). At the latest follow-up, the visual anaglue scale (VAS) of the failure group was higher than that of the normal group(P<0.01), and the Harris score of the failure group was lower than that of normal group(P<0.05). The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve between shape of lateral wall and failure of early internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fracture was drawn. The critical value of the midpoint lateral wall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.845;The critical value of average sidewall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under ROC curve was 0.838;The critical value of the axial area of the sidewall was 7.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.826.@*CONCLUSION@#The shape of the lateral femoral wall measured by CT could be used as a predictive factor for the early failure of internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fractures. For patients at risk, more reasonable surgical plans and postoperative preventive measures should be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bone Nails , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 397-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995397

ABSTRACT

Clinical cases treated by magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) for different causes and types of intestinal stenosis/ atresia to successfully achieve intestinal recanalization were reviewed, so as to explore the clinical application of MCA. From May 2019 to August 2022, 4 patients underwent colorectal MCA for intestinal recanalization in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University and Northwest Women and Children's Hospital. All operations went well, and the intestinal anastomosis was recanalized. The magnetic ring was discharged in 7-15 days, and the postoperative colonoscopy or radiography showed that the anastomosis was intact. MCA can be used to treat different types of colorectal stenosis and atresia due to different reasons, and can also be used to assist intestinal anastomosis in colorectal surgery.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 10-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992568

ABSTRACT

Bone defects caused by different causes such as trauma, severe bone infection and other factors are common in clinic and difficult to treat. Usually, bone substitutes are required for repair. Current bone grafting materials used clinically include autologous bones, allogeneic bones, xenografts, and synthetic materials, etc. Other than autologous bones, the major hurdles of rest bone grafts have various degrees of poor biological activity and lack of active ingredients to provide osteogenic impetus. Bone marrow contains various components such as stem cells and bioactive factors, which are contributive to osteogenesis. In response, the technique of bone marrow enrichment, based on the efficient utilization of components within bone marrow, has been risen, aiming to extract osteogenic cells and factors from bone marrow of patients and incorporate them into 3D scaffolds for fabricating bone grafts with high osteoinductivity. However, the scientific guidance and application specification are lacked with regard to the clinical scope, approach, safety and effectiveness. In this context, under the organization of Chinese Orthopedic Association, the Expert consensus for the clinical application of autologous bone marrow enrichment technique for bone repair ( version 2023) is formulated based on the evidence-based medicine. The consensus covers the topics of the characteristics, range of application, safety and application notes of the technique of autologous bone marrow enrichment and proposes corresponding recommendations, hoping to provide better guidance for clinical practice of the technique.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 903-909, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013946

ABSTRACT

Aim To identify the molecular target of gabapentin in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia(PHN). Methods The molecular target of gabapentin for PHN was analyzed by network pharmacology and molecular docking and confirmed by coprecipitation test. Rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, model+50 mg·kg-1 gabapentin group, model+100 mg·kg-1 gabapentin group, and model+200 mg·kg-1 gabapentin group, with nine rats in each group. The pain-related behaviors of the rats were measured at different time points. The mRNA and protein expressions of CACNA2D1, Bax, and Bcl-2 in rat spinal cord were determined by immunofluorescence, Western blot, and qPCR. Results CACNA2D1 was the target gene of gabapentin that determined via network pharmacology, molecular docking, and co-precipitation tests. After modeling, mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold significantly decreased, and the number of apoptotic GABA cells significantly increased. However, after intraperitoneal injection of 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg-1 gabapentin, mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold significantly increased(P<0.05), and the number of apoptotic GABA cells significantly decreased(P<0.01). Immunofluorescence and Western blot results showed that compared with the model group, with the increase of gabapentin concentration, the positive expression rate of Bax significantly decreased, and the positive expression rate of Bcl-2 and CACNA2D1 significantly increased. The mRNA expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2 and CACNA2D1 detected by qPCR were consistent with the results of immunofluorescence and Western blot. Conclusions Gabapentin up-regulates the expression of target protein CACNA2D1, inhibits the proapoptotic protein Bax, and promotes the expression of apoptotic inhibitor Bcl-2.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2369-2377, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013664

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of Qizhu anti-cancer prescription ( QZACP) inthe treatment of primary liver cancer using network pharmacology and molecular docking. Methods Drugs and primary liver cancer ( PLC) -related targets were found according to TCMSP database and disease databases such as GeneCard, the key chemical components and core targets were screened by Cytoscape 3. 9. 1 and String platform respectively, and a network relationship diagram of traditional Chinese medicine-active component-target was constructed by using Cytoscape 3.9. 1. GO functional analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were performed using DAVID platform, visualized by R 4. 1. 1 software, and finally the core clustered proteins were analyzed by CytoNCA plug-in to obtain the core action targets, and the core components and key targets were verified by using molecular docking technology and the pharmacodynamic mechanism of QZACP was further verified by animal experiments. Results The active ingredients of QZACP in the treatment of primary liver cancer may be quercetin, glycyrrhizin, Denudatin B, isoflavanone, sanguinarol, etc. ; the potential targets were STAT3, EGFR, AKT1 etc. ; the related pathways were mainly PI3K-Akt signaling pathway,MAPK signaling pathway,etc. ; molecular docking showed that the core compounds had better integrating conformation with the key targets. In addition, QZACP could inhibit the growth of tumor in nude mice and decrease the expression of STAT3, EGFR and AKT1. Conclusions Qizhu anti-cancer prescription may have some positive significance in the treatment of primary liver cancer, which may be related to the regulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 259-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969876

ABSTRACT

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes chickenpox when it first infects humans, and the virus may reactivate in adulthood and cause herpes zoster (HZ). Broad-spectrum antiviral drugs are one of the treatments for varicella and herpes zoster, but the emergence of drug resistance poses many challenges to this treatment and increases the burden of disease on patients. This paper discusses the resistance mechanisms, resistance sites and resistance detection methods of anti-VZV drugs in order to help further research on new anti-VZV targets, new drugs and monitoring of resistance to existing drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Herpes Zoster , Chickenpox , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 454-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965912

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the public health emergency response capacity in primary and secondary schools, and to explore the problems and challenges in the prevention and control of public health emergency in primary and secondary schools for specific strategies.@*Methods@#By using the stratified group sampling method, a questionnaire survey on general situation, knowledge, attitude and training, as well as public health emergencies response capacity among 2 988 teachers or leaders responsible for school emergency response in primary and secondary schools from Beijing, Chongqing and Yunnan.@*Results@#Participants varied on their positions, titles, educational background and knowledge accuracy. Higher knowledge accuracy was associated with higher educational background ( χ 2=50.73-203.36, P < 0.05 ). The implementation of regular public health emergency related programs was poorly conducted in high schools (50.0%). Urban schools (42.0%) had higher proportion of qualified health care professionals than rural schools (18.2%), and private schools (48.5%) was higher than public schools (24.7%). The primary challenges included the shortage of guidance from professionals and the lack of related testing equipment (84.91%, 74.03%).@*Conclusion@#Although the ability of emergency handling of public health emergencies in schools in the three regions is advancing with the times, there are still many deficiencies, some omissions in the mastery of knowledge. It is suggested to inerease pre service and special training of school health work CDC should strengthen technical guidance and work supervision of infectious disease management in schools.

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 662-668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of a modified three-point bending fracture device for establishing a rabbit model of closed tibial fracture.@*METHODS@#The model of closed tibial fracture was established in 40 6-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of 2.5 to 3.0 kg, and the model was verified at 6 weeks after operation. Five rabbits underwent pre modeling without temporary external fixation before modeling, and then were fractured with a modified three-point bending fracture device;35 rabbits underwent formal modeling. Before modeling, needles were inserted, and splints were fixed externally, and then the fracture was performed with a modified three-point bending fracture device. The fracture model and healing process were evaluated by imaging and histopathology at 2 hours, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#Two hours after modeling, the prefabricated module showed oblique fracture in varying degrees and the broken end shifted significantly;Except for 1 comminuted fracture, 2 curved butterfly fractures and 2 without obvious fracture line, the rest were simple transverse and oblique fractures without obvious displacement in formal modeling group. According to the judgment criteria, the success rate of the model was 85.71%. Four weeks after modeling, the fixed needle and splint of the experimental rabbits were in good position, the fracture alignment was good, the fracture line was blurred, many continuous callus growths could be seen around the fracture end, and the callus density was high. Six weeks after modeling, many thick new bone trabeculae at the fracture, marginal osteoblasts attached, and a small number of macrophages were seen under the microscope. The intramembrane osteogenesis area was in the preparation bone stage, the medullary cavity at the fracture had been partially reopened, the callus was in the absorption plastic stage, and many osteoclasts were visible. The X-ray showed that the fracture line almost disappeared, part of the medullary cavity had been opened, the external callus was reduced around, the callus was in the plastic stage, and the bone cortex was continuous. It suggests that the fracture model showed secondary healing.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved three-point bending fracture device can establish a stable rabbit model of closed tibial fracture, and the operation is simple, which meets the requirements of closed fracture model in basic research related to fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Osteogenesis , Radiography
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 368-373, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958697

ABSTRACT

Objective:Under the background of extensive interdisciplinary studies, this article aims to provide references for other domestic universities by analyzing the current situation and exploration of universities to promote the development of interdisciplinary studies.Methods:Taking Xi′an Jiaotong University as a typical case, it was summarized from three aspects: background, specific measures, and results.Results:Measures such as strengthening top-level design, improving organizational management systems, consolidating research platforms, establishing cross-funds, and strengthening talent training modes, were adopted by Xi′an Jiaotong University to promote the development of interdisciplinary studies from all aspects of structure, system, human resources, financial resources, and incentive mechanisms. It has promoted the depth and extension of the school's science, engineering, medicine, literature, and other disciplines, improved academic influence, and serving national and regional development.Conclusions:Interdisciplinary studies is a systematic project that requires the cooperation of the government, universities, medical institutions, industry, and academia to create a policy and institutional environment for multidisciplinary collaboration, truly allowing disciplines to move from mechanical integration to knowledge fusion. Therefore, in the process of interdisciplinary development in universities, it is necessary to straighten out the guiding concepts and basic principles of interdisciplinarity, grasp the characteristics of interdisciplines, and focus on promoting the discipline structure, supporting systems, talent training, funding, and incentive mechanisms.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 180-185, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958665

ABSTRACT

Objective:Take Xi′an Jiaotong University as an example, to analyze the funding status of the National Natural Science Foundation of the Comprehensive University in the field of medicine-Engineering integration, with a view to revealing the general picture of interdiscipline of medicine and engineering research of Xi′an Jiaotong University, and gaining a glimpse of the development of the interdiscipline of medicine and engineering research in universities.Methods:Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the basic situation of the National Natural Science Foundation of China approved in the field of medicine-Engineering integration.Results:A total number of 692 projects were funded in the field of medicine-Engineering integration, with a total funding of 420 million yuan. Funding types are mainly general projects, followed by Youth Science Foundation projects. The number of key and major projects is small, but it is of great significance to the growth of the funding amount. The Department of Medical Science and the Department of Engineering Science are the departments with the largest total number of funding projects and funding amounts. In terms of funding disciplines, the core disciplines of imaging medicine and biomedical engineering, mechanical design and manufacturing, mechanics, biomaterials, imaging and tissue engineering, optics and optoelectronics, and oncology have been formed.Conclusions:The research shows that the interdiscipline of medicine and engineering research of Xi′an Jiaotong University has continued to grow, attracting scholars in science, engineering, medicine, management and other fields to participate, forming an advantageous discipline group. For the development of the integration of medicine and engineering in domestic universities, it is recommended to strengthen the top-level design, increase support for young people, and pay attention to the advanced layout of key and major projects.

13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 248-254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935786

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the protective effects of metformin on noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and its differential protein omics expression profile. Methods: In January 2021, 39 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, noise exposure group and metformin+noise exposure group, with 13 rats in each group. Rats in the noise exposure group and metformin+noise exposure group were continuously exposed to octave noise with sound pressure level of 120 dB (A) and center frequency of 8 kHz for 4 h. Rats in the metformin+noise exposure group were treated with 200 mg/kg/d metformin 3 d before noise exposure for a total of 7 d. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to test the changes of hearing thresholds before noise exposure and 1, 4, 7 d after noise exposure in the right ear of rats in each group. Tandem mass tag (TMT) quantitative proteomics was used to identify and analyze the differentially expressed protein in the inner ear of rats in each group, and it was verified by immunofluorescence staining with frozen sections. Results: The click-ABR thresholds of right ear in the noise exposure group and metformin+noise exposure group were significantly higher than those in the control group 1, 4, 7 d after noise exposure (P<0.05) . The click-ABR threshold of right ear in the metformin+noise exposure group were significantly lower than that in the noise exposure group (P<0.05) . Compared with the noise exposure group, 1035 up-regulated proteins and 1145 down-regulated proteins were differentially expressed in the metformin+noise exposure group. GO enrichment analysis showed that the significantly differentially expressed proteins were mainly involved in binding, molecular function regulation, signal transduction, and other functions. Enrichment analysis of KEGG pathway revealed that the pathways for significant enrichment of differentially expressed proteins included phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway, focal adhesion, diabetic cardiomyopathy, mitogen, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Immunofluorescence experiments showed that compared with the noise exposure group, the fluorescence intensity of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) in the metformin+noise exposure group was increased, and the fluorescence intensity of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (eIF4EBP1) was decreased. Conclusion: Noise exposure can lead to an increase in rat hearing threshold, and metformin can improve noise-induced hearing threshold abnormalities through multiple pathways and biological processes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Cochlea , Ear, Inner , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Metformin/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Rats, Wistar
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1478-1484, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940007

ABSTRACT

In 2022, the Taiwan, China fundus disease expert group issued the Consensus on the Optimal Treat-and-Extend Regimens for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration. The following explanations are given to help Chinese ophthalmologists better to refer to and use the Consensus. The main contents are as follows: The treat-and-extend(T&#x0026; E)regimen of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)treatment in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration(nARMD)should aim at maintaining long-term vision and reducing the number of injections. We can start the treatment by injecting once a month for consecutive 3mo. After the initial treatment, the treatment interval of patients with stable conditions can be gradually extended(2 or 4wk each time)until 16wk. If the disease is still steady after injecting 2 or 3 times at the most prolonged interval, we can suspend the treatment, and then the patient needs to be rechecked every 3-4mo; If the disease is active again, the treatment interval needs to be shortened and can be extended again after controlling the disease. We can adopt a relatively conservative approach for patients with apparent negative recovery factors. Complications such as subconjunctival hemorrhage, macular fibrosis and macular atrophy deserve our attention during treatment. In the future, we can explore the best injection scheme for nARMD patients with different subtypes and baseline conditions to realize personalized therapy.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1652-1657, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942835

ABSTRACT

The American Association of Cataract Surgeons issued the Consensus on Astigmatism Management in Cataract Surgery in 2019. To help Chinese ophthalmologists better comprehend the consensus, the main contents are explained: Toric intraocular lens(Toric IOL)implantation is the first choice for correcting corneal astigmatism. Three or more than three instruments should be used for preoperative measurement, and the values that are consistent with results should be taken. Then the Barrett Toric calculator can be used to calculate Toric IOL. When calculating toric IOL,the position of the surgical incision, surgically induced astigmatism(SIA), etc. should be considered. Then, the Toric IOL that makes resultant astigmatism close to 0 without flipping the astigmatism axis can be selected. The intraoperative automated image-guided systems can be used to guide the implantation. If residual astigmatism causes discomfort, laser in situ keratomileusis(LASIK)or IOL replacement can be used for correction. Toric IOL implantation is not recommended for patients with pseudoexfoliation(PXF)syndrome or macular lesions. There are many contraindications in dysfunctional lens syndrome(DLS)patients, which should be carried out by senior doctors. In the future, it is necessary to explore further the influence of haptic design and optic material on the rotational stability of IOL. Cataract surgery assisted by intraoperative aberrometers, automated image-guided systems or femtosecond laser still needs further development.

16.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 262-266, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006747

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical application of self-developed magnetic anchoring device for assisting thoracoscopic pulmonary resection. 【Methods】 Eleven patients underwent thoracoscopic pulmonary assisted with resection magnetic anchoring technique at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, from March to May 2019. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The operation time, blood loss, blood transfusion volume, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications were recorded. 【Results】 There were seven male and four female patients, with the average age of (51.6±13.9) years (range from 22 to 69 years). Three single-port and eight single-utility-port thoracoscopic surgeries were performed. Magnetic instruments provided good surgical field exposure in all operations. Among 11 surgeries, one was converted to thoracotomy and one to three-hole surgery due to enlargement and adhesion of hilar lymph nodes. The operation time was (107.8±63.1) minutes (range of 27-182 minutes). The blood loss was 50 (10-50)mL (range of 5-1 000 mL). No blood transfusion was needed during the operation. The postoperative hospital stay was (5.0±1.8) days (range of 3-9 days). No postoperative complications occurred in all the patients. 【Conclusion】 Magnetic anchor technique can effectively alleviate the "chopstick effect" in thoracoscopic surgery. Magnetic anchor technique is safe and feasible in assisting thoracoscopic pulmonary resection.

17.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 339-344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006704

ABSTRACT

The minimally invasive surgery is the mainstream of the development of surgery, and the transformation of surgery from traditional open surgery to endoscopic surgery has brought great benefits to patients. However, surgeons have never stopped their exploration from porous laparoscopy to single hole or even endoscopic surgery via the natural cavity, and looking for a more minimally invasive way of surgery has always been the pursuit of clinicians. As a minimally invasive technique, single-hole laparoscopy is becoming more and more widely used in clinic, and achievements and difficulties will guide the development direction of further research in the future. This paper reviews the clinical application of single-hole laparoscopy in recent years and the status quo of its development.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 174-176, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004627

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical staffs′ knowledge about blood transfusion and their demands, so as to provide evidence for arranging the content for continuing education of blood transfusion medicine. 【Methods】 A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the blood transfusion related knowledge of 652 clinical staffs from other cities or counties/districts in Shaanxi Province, who came to our hospital to attend meetings, further training and study from July to August 2019. 【Results】 Clinical stsffs investigated lacked a deep understanding of blood transfusion and blood donation related knowledge, and even were ignorant of certain knowledge. The awareness rate of relevant knowledge was the highest among doctors, followed by laboratory technicians and the lowest among nurses. 【Conclusion】 The awareness rate of blood transfusion related knowledge among medical staffs is relatively low, suggesting the training of blood transfusion related knowledge should be enhanced.

19.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 567-573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004485

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the establishment methods of transgenic human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) overexpressing tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) based on the transposons, and attempt to apply it on the nude mice mode with glioma. 【Methods】 PiggyBac transposon system specially designed by us was used to prepare non-targeting and Her2-targeting hUC-MSCs that can stably express TRAIL through puromycin screening. The glioma cells expressing firefly luciferase (U87MG-LUC) were injected into the skull of the immunodeficient mice (BALB/c-nu/nu) with 1×106 cells per mouse. After 7 days of injection, the mice transplanted with U87MG were detected with a small animal living imager to determine the size and location of the tumors in skull. Then we injected the glioma-transplantation nude mouse with two kinds of transgenic hUC-MSCs expressing TRAIL (named as untarget-TRAIL and target-TRAIL, respectively), or the non-transgenic hUC-MSCs (all 1×106 cells per mouse) or PBS (named as WT-MSCs and PBS for negative control) respectively, and then monitored the changes of tumor signals by a small animal living imager every week for 3~4 weeks. 【Results】 After six passages to expand the cells, the both transgenic cell lines can stably express TRAIL gene. Their ratio of green fluorescent protein (GFP) positive cells can reach 93%-97%, and the positive ratio of their MSC-specific surface markers still maintained normal (CD34+, CD45+, and HLA-DR+ all <0.1%, CD90>99%, CD73>88%, and CD105 >60%). The median survival time (d) of U87MG-transplanted nude mice in the groups of untarget-TRAIL, target-TRAIL, WT-MSCs, and PBS was 41 vs 39 vs 24 vs 23(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The transgenic hUC-MSCs overexpressing TRAIL gene can significantly prolong the survival time of nude mice with brain glioma.

20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 220-225, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879418

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure the maximum corridor parameters of the infra acetabular screw and evaluate the feasibility of screw insertion through digital analysis of the acetabular structure.@*METHODS@#The pelvic CT data of 100 patients who received plain pelvic CT scan from April 2013 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males, aged 20 to 84 years, with an average age of (48.42±17.48) years, and 50 females, aged 18 to 87 years, with an average age of (55.02±19.54) years. Patients with acetabular fractures, hip dysplasia, and metal implants in the acetabulum were excluded. Import CT data into Mimics software in DICOM format to generate a three-dimensional model, and find the axialprojection of the infra-acetabular corridor in the middle of the pubis ramus in the inlet view. A virtual screw was placed in the infra-acetabular space and measure the parameters including the diameter and the length of the maximum corridor, the distance from the insertion point to the pubic symphysis, to the anterosuperior iliac spine and to the medial edge of the pelvis. Then import the pelvic model into 3- matic software, establish the pelvic model anterior pelvic plane and median sagittal plane, and measure the angle between the screw axis and the two planes. A minimum corridor diameter of at least 5 mm was defined as a cutoff for placing a 3.5 mm screw, and calculate the screw insertion rate.@*RESULTS@#In 100 cases, 49% of patients had a infra acetabular corridor with a diameter ≥5 mm, and the rate of screw placement in men was significantly higher than that in women. The average diameter of the maximum corridor of infra-acetabular screw was (4.86±1.72) mm, the average length was (94.04±8.29) mm, the average distance from the insertion point to the pubic symphysis was (60.92±4.84) mm, to the anterosuperior iliac spine was (85.15± 6.85) mm, and to the medial edge of the pelvis was (6.12±3.32) mm. The mean angle between the axis of the screw and the median sagittal plane was (-1.38±4.74)°, and the mean angle between the axis of the screw and the anterior pelvic plane was (56.77±7.93)°. There are significant differences between male and female measured parameters, except for the angle between the screw axis and the anterior pelvic plane. There was no statistically significant difference in the maximum corridor parameters of infra-acetabular screw on both sides of the pelvis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study shows that the insertion rate of infra-acetabular screws is low in local patients, and the feasibility of screw insertion should be fully evaluated before surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acetabulum/surgery , Bone Screws , Feasibility Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Retrospective Studies
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